Peter Newman (environmental scientist)
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Peter William Geoffrey Newman (born 1945) is an environmental scientist, author and educator based in
Perth, Western Australia Perth () is the list of Australian capital cities, capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is Australia's list of cities in Australia by population, fourth-most populous city, with a population of 2.1 mi ...
. He is currently Professor of Sustainability at
Curtin University Curtin University (formerly known as Curtin University of Technology and Western Australian Institute of Technology) is an Australian public research university #REDIRECT Public university #REDIRECT Public university #REDIRECT Public university ...

Curtin University
. Newman has written 20 books and over 330 papers on sustainable cities and is most known for creating the term "
automobile dependence Automobile dependency or car dependency is the concept that some city layouts cause car, automobiles to be favoured over alternate forms of transportation, such as bicycle, bicycles, public transport, public transit, and walking. Overview In ...
" in the second half of the 1980s. He was closely associated with community opposition to the closure of the Fremantle Railway in 1979 and subsequent redevelopment of the metropolitan rail system from 1983 to the present. He is a lead author for transport on the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations responsible for advancing knowledge on Attribution of recent climate change, human-induced climate change. It was established in 1988 by the ...
. He has a
PhD A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known a ...
degree in Chemistry (1972, University of Western Australia) and completed post doctoral studies in
Environmental Science Environmental science is an interdisciplinary Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combination of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project). It draws knowledge from several oth ...
,
Delft University Delft University of Technology ( nl, Technische Universiteit Delft), also known as TU Delft, is the oldest and largest Dutch public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from ...
, Dip EST, Environmental Science, 1972.


Career and influence

Newman is best known internationally for popularizing the term ‘
automobile dependence Automobile dependency or car dependency is the concept that some city layouts cause car, automobiles to be favoured over alternate forms of transportation, such as bicycle, bicycles, public transport, public transit, and walking. Overview In ...
’ in the second half of the 1980s to explain how the cities of the time based on sprawling suburbs were inevitably leading to the growth in automobile use. He led an international research project with colleague Jeff Kenworthy on transport practices and structures (original data collected on 33 global cities). The results were published in ''Cities and Automobile Dependence: An International Sourcebook'', which introduced the concept of
car dependence Automobile dependency or car dependency is the concept that some city layouts cause automobiles A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle A motor vehicle, also known as motorized vehicle or automotive vehicle, is a self-propelle ...
– now a feature of planning literature and policy. The two researchers later collaborated on the book ''Sustainability and Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence'' which was launched in the
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White House
in 1999, as the President's Council on Sustainable Development was moving toward a more urban focus, and more recently ''The End of Automobile Dependence: How Cities are Moving Beyond Car-based Planning''. In ''Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems: Principles and Practices'' written with Isabella Jennings, Newman shows how city residents can begin to reintegrate into their bioregional environment, and how cities themselves can be planned with
ecological sustainability Sustainability is the capacity to endure in a relatively ongoing way across various domains of life. In the 21st century, it refers generally to the capacity for Earth's biosphere and human civilization to co-exist. For many, sustainability is ...
in mind. Drawing on examples from many parts of the world, the authors show how urban redevelopment in some cities has involved harvesting rainwater, greening roofs, and producing
renewable energy Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resource File:Global Vegetation.jpg, Global vegetation A renewable resource, also known as a flow resource, is a natural resource which will replenish to replace the portion resou ...
. Other cities have biodiversity parks for endangered species, community gardens that support a connection to their foodshed, and pedestrian-friendly spaces that encourage walking and cycling. Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems: Principles and Practices


Local, State and Federal Government

Between 1976–80 Newman has served as a local government councillor in the
City of Fremantle The City of Fremantle is a Local government areas of Western Australia, local government area in the south of Perth, Western Australia. The City covers an area of , and lies about southwest of the Perth central business district. History The ...
.Curtin University: ''Staff Profiles''
retrieved 6 February 2011
Newman has been a government advisor through three secondments to the Western Australian State Government. In the last secondment (2001–03), he was the Director of Sustainability Policy in the Department of Premier and Cabinet where he managed and wrote the State Sustainability Strategy: the first in the world at the state/province level. In 2004–2005 he was the New South Wales Sustainability Commissioner. Between 2008 and 2014 he was a member of
Infrastructure Australia Infrastructure Australia is an independent statutory body providing independent research and advice to all levels of government and industry on projects and reforms relating to investment in Australia, Australian infrastructure. It advocates for ...
.


Academia

From 1989 to 2007 Newman was Director of the Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy,
Murdoch University Murdoch University is a public university in Perth Perth () is the list of Australian capital cities, capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is Australia's list of cities in Australia by populati ...
in
Murdoch, Western Australia Murdoch is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Melville. Murdoch University, St John of God Hospital, Murdoch, St John of God Hospital Murdoch and Fiona Stanley Hospital are located in Murdoch. The suburb is named aft ...
. In 2007, Newman left Murdoch University to join Curtin University.Sustainability experts join Curtin
/ref> In 2006–07 he was a
Fulbright Scholar The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright–Hays Program, is one of several United States Cultural Exchange Programs United States cultural exchange programs, particularly those programs with ties to the Bureau of Educational and Cultura ...
at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville.


International advisor

Peter Newman is a member of the Global Research Network on Human Settlements Advisory Board and the Scientific Advisory Committee of the
UNESCO The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (french: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialised agency United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous orga ...

UNESCO
''SCOPE Ecopolis Project''. He is Senior Consultant at
Gehl Architects Gehl is an urban research and design consulting firm based in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was founded in 2000 by Professor Jan Gehl and urban designer Helle Søholt as a continuation of Gehl's research within the area over the past four decades. The fi ...
, Copenhagen, Denmark.


Honors and recognition

*Murdoch University 25th Anniversary Special Service Medallion. (2000) *Centenary Medal by the Australian Government in 2001 for Planning and Sustainability. *Officer of the Order of Australia in 2014 for services to
sustainable transport Sustainable transport refers to the broad subject of transport Transport (in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a languag ...
and urban design.


Publications

*1989 ''Cities and Automobile Dependence: An International Sourcebook'', Newman P and Kenworthy J, Gower, Aldershot. *1992 ''Winning Back the Cities'', Pluto Press, Sydney, Newman P and Kenworthy J. *1999 ''Sustainability and Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence'', Island Press, Washington DC. Newman P and Kenworthy J, . *1999 ''An International Sourcebook of Automobile Dependence in Cities, 1960–1990'', Kenworthy J, Laube F and Newman P, University of Colorado Press, Boulder, 1999. *2001 ''Back on Track: Rethinking Australia and New Zealand Transport Policy'', Laird P, Newman P, Kenworthy J and Bachels M,
UNSW Press The University of New South Wales Press Ltd. is an Australian academic book publishing company launched in 1962 and based in Randwick, New South Wales, Randwick, a suburb of Sydney. The Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission, ACNC Nonp ...
, Sydney, 2001. *2003 ''Hope for the Future: The Western Australian State Sustainability Strategy'', Department of the Premier and Cabinet, WA Government, Perth, 2003. *2008 ''Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems: Principles and Practices'' with Isabella Jennings, Washington, DC:
Island Press Island Press is a nonprofit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or social benefit, in ...
, . *2008 ''Green Urbanism Down Under: Learning from Sustainable Communities in Australia'' with
Timothy Beatley Dr Timothy Beatley is an internationally recognized sustainable city researcher and author. His writings have focused on creative strategies cities can use to reduce their ecological footprints and become more livable and equitable places in the pro ...
, Island Press, *2009 ''Resilient Cities'' with
Timothy Beatley Dr Timothy Beatley is an internationally recognized sustainable city researcher and author. His writings have focused on creative strategies cities can use to reduce their ecological footprints and become more livable and equitable places in the pro ...
and Heather Boyer, Island Press, *2013 ''Green Urbanism in Asia'' with Anne Matan,
World Scientific Publishing World Scientific Publishing is an academic publisher Academic publishing is the subfield of publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for ...
. *2015 ''The End of Automobile Dependence'', with Kenworthy J,
Island Press Island Press is a nonprofit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or social benefit, in ...
. *2016 'People Cities: The Life and Legacy of Jan Gehl', with Annie Matan,
Island Press Island Press is a nonprofit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or social benefit, in ...
. *2017 'Resilient Cities: Overcoming fossil fuel dependence' with
Timothy Beatley Dr Timothy Beatley is an internationally recognized sustainable city researcher and author. His writings have focused on creative strategies cities can use to reduce their ecological footprints and become more livable and equitable places in the pro ...
and Heather Boyer, Island Press.


See also

* Marchetti's Constant *
Transit-oriented development In urban planning Urban planning, also known as regional planning, town planning, city planning, or rural planning, is a technical and political process that is focused on the development and design A design is a plan or specification ...


References


External links


Professor Newman's Curtin profile
{{DEFAULTSORT:Newman, Peter 1945 births Curtin University faculty Delft University of Technology alumni Australian ecologists Environmental scientists Futurologists Living people Sustainability advocates University of Western Australia alumni Sustainable transport pioneers Officers of the Order of Australia