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Sir Peter Robert Jackson ONZ KNZM (born 31 October 1961) is a New Zealand film director, screenwriter and film producer. He is best known as the director, writer, and producer of The Lord of the Rings trilogy (2001–03) and The Hobbit
The Hobbit
trilogy (2012–14), both of which are adapted from the novels of the same name by J. R. R. Tolkien. Other films include the critically lauded drama Heavenly Creatures (1994), the mockumentary film Forgotten Silver
Forgotten Silver
(1995), the horror comedy The Frighteners
The Frighteners
(1996), the epic monster remake film King Kong (2005), and the supernatural drama film The Lovely Bones
The Lovely Bones
(2009). He produced District 9
District 9
(2009), The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn (2011), West of Memphis (2012) and Mortal Engines
Mortal Engines
(2018). Jackson began his career with the "splatstick" horror comedy Bad Taste (1987) and the black comedy Meet the Feebles
Meet the Feebles
(1989) before filming the zombie comedy Braindead (1992). He shared a nomination for Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay
Best Original Screenplay
with his partner Fran Walsh[1] for Heavenly Creatures, which brought him to mainstream prominence in the film industry. Jackson has been awarded three Academy Awards
Academy Awards
in his career, including the award for Best Director in 2003. He has also received a Golden Globe, four Saturn Awards and three BAFTAs amongst others. His production company is Wingnut Films, and his most regular collaborators are co-writers and producers Walsh and Philippa Boyens. Jackson was made a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit
New Zealand Order of Merit
in 2002. He was later knighted (as a Knight Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit) by Anand Satyanand, the Governor-General of New Zealand, at a ceremony in Wellington
Wellington
in April 2010. In December 2014, Jackson was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Influences and inspirations 3 Career

3.1 Splatter phase 3.2 Heavenly Creatures
Heavenly Creatures
and Forgotten Silver 3.3 Hollywood, Weta, and the Film Commission 3.4 The Lord of the Rings 3.5 King Kong 3.6 Crossing the Line 3.7 The Lovely Bones 3.8 The Hobbit

4 Current and future projects

4.1 Mortal Engines 4.2 The Dam Busters 4.3 Halo 4.4 Temeraire 4.5 Tintin franchise

5 Games 6 Charitable activities 7 Other activities 8 Style

8.1 Cameo roles 8.2 Other appearances

9 Personal life 10 Awards and honours

10.1 Awards and nominations 10.2 Honours 10.3 Titles and styles

11 Filmography

11.1 As director

12 See also 13 References 14 Further reading 15 External links

Early life[edit] Jackson was born on 31 October 1961 in Wellington[3]:25 [4] and was raised at the nearby coastal town of Pukerua Bay.[5] His parents—Joan (née Ruck),[3]:20[6] a factory worker and housewife, and William "Bill" Jackson, a wages clerk—were emigrants from England.[7][8] Bill Jackson was a veteran of the Siege of Malta in World War II. As a child, Jackson was a keen film fan, growing up on Ray Harryhausen films, as well as finding inspiration in the television series Thunderbirds and Monty Python's Flying Circus. After a family friend gave the Jacksons a Super 8 cine-camera with Peter in mind, he began making short films with his friends. Jackson has long cited King Kong as his favourite film, and around the age of nine he attempted to remake it using his own stop-motion models.[9] Also, as a child Jackson made a WWII epic called "The Dwarf Patrol" seen on the Bad Taste bonus disc which featured his first special effect of poking pinholes in the film for gun shots, and a James Bond
James Bond
spoof named Coldfinger.[10] Most notable though was a 20-minute short called The Valley, which won him a special prize because of the shots he used. In school, Jackson expressed no interest in sports. His classmates also remember him wearing a duffle coat with "an obsession verging on religious". He had no formal training in film-making, but learned about editing, special effects and make-up largely through his own trial and error. As a young adult, Jackson discovered the work of author J. R. R. Tolkien
J. R. R. Tolkien
after watching The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings
(1978), an animated film by Ralph Bakshi
Ralph Bakshi
that was a part-adaptation of Tolkien's fantasy trilogy.[11] When he was 16 years old, Jackson left school and began working full-time as a photo-engraver for a Wellington
Wellington
newspaper, The Evening Post. For the seven years he worked there, Jackson lived at home with his parents so he could save as much money as possible to spend on film equipment. After two years of work Jackson bought a 16 mm camera, and began shooting a film that later became Bad Taste.[12] Influences and inspirations[edit] Jackson has long cited several films as influences. It is well known that Jackson has a passion for King Kong, often citing it as his favourite film and as the film that inspired him early in his life. Jackson recalls attempting to remake King Kong
King Kong
when he was 12. At the 2009 San Diego Comic-Con International, while being interviewed alongside Avatar and Titanic director James Cameron, Jackson said certain films gave him a "kick". He mentioned Martin Scorsese's crime films Goodfellas and Casino, remarking on "something about those particular movies and the way Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
just fearlessly rockets his camera around and has shot those films that I can watch those movies and feel inspired."[13] Jackson said the 1970 film Waterloo inspired him in his youth.[14] Other influences include George Romero and Sam Raimi.[15] Career[edit] Splatter phase[edit] Jackson's first feature was Bad Taste, a haphazard fashion splatter comedy, which included many of Jackson's friends acting and working on it for free. Shooting was normally done in the weekends since Jackson was then working full-time. Bad Taste
Bad Taste
is about aliens that come to earth with the intention of turning humans into food. Jackson had two acting roles including a famous scene in which he fights himself on top of a cliff. The film was finally completed thanks to a late injection of finance from the New Zealand Film Commission, after Jim Booth, the body's executive director, became convinced of Jackson's talent (Booth later left the Commission to become Jackson's producer). In May 1987, Bad Taste
Bad Taste
was unveiled at the Cannes Film Festival, where rights to the film quickly sold to twelve countries.[16] Around this time, Jackson began working on writing a number of film scripts, in varied collaborative groupings with playwright Stephen Sinclair, writer Fran Walsh and writer/actor Danny Mulheron. Walsh would later become his life partner.[1] Some of the scripts from this period, including a sequel to A Nightmare on Elm Street, have never been made into movies; the proposed zombie film Braindead underwent extensive rewrites.[1] Jackson's next film to see release was Meet the Feebles
Meet the Feebles
(1989), co-written with Sinclair, Walsh and Mulheron. An ensemble musical comedy starring Muppet-style puppets, Meet the Feebles
Meet the Feebles
originally began as a short film intended for television, but was rapidly expanded into a full-length film after unexpected enthusiasm from Japanese investors, and the collapse of Braindead, six weeks before filming. Begun on a very low budget, Meet the Feebles
Meet the Feebles
went weeks over schedule. Jackson stated of his second feature-length film, "It's got a quality of humour that alienates a lot of people.. It's very black, very satirical, very savage."[17] Feebles marked Jackson's first collaboration with special effects team Richard Taylor and Tania Rodger, who would later work on all Jackson's movies. Jackson's next release was the horror comedy Braindead (1992) (released in North America as Dead Alive).[18] Heavenly Creatures
Heavenly Creatures
and Forgotten Silver[edit] Released in 1994 after Jackson won a race to bring the story to the screen, Heavenly Creatures
Heavenly Creatures
marked a major change for Jackson in terms of both style and tone. The film is based on the real Parker–Hulme murder case in which two teenage girls in 1950s Christchurch
Christchurch
became close friends and later murdered the mother of one of the girls. It was Fran Walsh that persuaded him that these events had the makings of a movie;[19] Jackson has been quoted saying that the film "only got made" because of her enthusiasm for the subject matter.[20] The film's fame coincided with the New Zealand media tracking down the real-life Juliet Hulme, who now writes books under the name Anne Perry. Jackson hired actresses Melanie Lynskey
Melanie Lynskey
and Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
in the roles of Parker and Hulme. Heavenly Creatures
Heavenly Creatures
received considerable critical acclaim, including an Academy Award
Academy Award
nomination for Best Original Screenplay and making top ten of the year lists in Time, The Guardian, The Sydney Morning Herald, and The New Zealand Herald. The success of Heavenly Creatures
Heavenly Creatures
won Jackson attention from US company Miramax, who promoted the film vigorously in America and signed the director to a first-look deal.[21] The following year, in collaboration with Wellington
Wellington
film-maker Costa Botes, Jackson co-directed the mockumentary Forgotten Silver
Forgotten Silver
(1995). This ambitious made-for-television piece told the story of New Zealand film pioneer Colin McKenzie, who had supposedly invented colour film and 'talkies', and attempted an epic film of Salome
Salome
before being forgotten by the world. Though the programme played in a slot normally reserved for drama, no other warning was given that it was fictionalised and many viewers were outraged at discovering Colin McKenzie had never existed.[22][23] The number of people who believed the increasingly improbable story provides testimony to Jackson and Botes' skill at playing on New Zealand's national myth of a nation of innovators and forgotten trail-blazers.[24] Hollywood, Weta, and the Film Commission[edit] The success of Heavenly Creatures
Heavenly Creatures
helped pave the way for Jackson's first big budget Hollywood film, The Frighteners
The Frighteners
starring Michael J. Fox, in 1996. Jackson was given permission to make this comedy/horror film entirely in New Zealand despite being set in a North American town. This period was a key one of change for both Jackson and Weta Workshop, the special effects company—born from the one-man contributions of George Port to Heavenly Creatures
Heavenly Creatures
— with which Jackson is often associated. Weta, initiated by Jackson and key collaborators, grew rapidly during this period to incorporate both digital and physical effects, make-up and costumes, the first two areas normally commanded by Jackson collaborator Richard Taylor.[25][26] The Frighteners
The Frighteners
was regarded as a commercial failure.[27] Film critic Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
expressed disappointment stating that "incredible effort has resulted in a film that looks more like a demo reel than a movie".[28] In February 1997, Jackson launched legal proceedings against the New Zealand Listener magazine for defamation, over a review of The Frighteners
The Frighteners
which claimed that the film was "built from the rubble of other people's movies".[29][30] In the end, the case was not pursued further. Around this time Jackson's remake of King Kong was shelved by Universal Studios, partly because of Mighty Joe Young and Godzilla, both giant monster movies, that had already gone into production. Universal feared it would be thrown aside by the two higher budget movies.[31] This period of transition seems not to have been entirely a happy one; it also marked one of the high points of tension between Jackson and the New Zealand Film Commission
New Zealand Film Commission
since Meet the Feebles
Meet the Feebles
had gone over-budget earlier in his career. Jackson has claimed the Commission considered firing him from Feebles, though the NZFC went on to help fund his next three films. In 1997, the director submitted a lengthy criticism of the Commission for a magazine supplement meant to celebrate the body's 20th anniversary, criticising what he called inconsistent decision-making by inexperienced board members. The magazine felt that the material was too long and potentially defamatory to publish in that form; a shortened version of the material went on to appear in Metro magazine.[32][33][34][35] In the Metro article Jackson criticized the Commission over funding decisions concerning a film he was hoping to executive produce, but refused to drop a client-confidentiality clause that allowed them to publicly reply to his criticisms. The Lord of the Rings[edit] Main article: The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings
(film series)

Jackson in 2003, at the premiere of The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King in Wellington

Jackson won the rights to film Tolkien's epic in 1997 after meeting with producer Saul Zaentz. Originally working with Miramax
Miramax
towards a two-film production, Jackson was later pressured to render the story as a single film,[36][37] and finally overcame a tight deadline by making a last-minute deal with New Line, who were keen on a trilogy.[38] Principal photography
Principal photography
stretched from 11 October 1999 to 22 December 2000 with extensive location filming across New Zealand. With the benefit of extended post-production and extra periods of shooting before each film's release, the series met huge success and sent Jackson's popularity soaring. The Return of the King itself met with huge critical acclaim, winning eleven Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Director. The film was the first of the fantasy film genre to win the award for Best Picture and was the second sequel to win Best Picture (the first being The Godfather Part II). Jackson's mother, Joan, died three days before the release of the first movie in the trilogy, The Fellowship of the Ring. There was a special showing of the film after her funeral.[39] Following The Return of the King, Jackson lost a large amount of weight, over 50 pounds (23 kg). In The Daily Telegraph, he attributed his weight loss to his diet. He said, "I just got tired of being overweight and unfit, so I changed my diet from hamburgers to yogurt and muesli and it seems to work."[40] King Kong[edit] Main article: King Kong
King Kong
(2005 film) Universal Studios
Universal Studios
signed Jackson for a second time to remake the 1933 classic King Kong—the film that inspired him to become a film director as a child.[41] He was reportedly paid a fee of US$20 million upfront, the highest salary ever paid to date to a film director in advance of production, against a 20 percent take of the box-office rentals (the portion of the price of the ticket that goes to the film distributor, in this case Universal). The film was released on 14 December 2005, and grossed around US$550 million worldwide.[42] Crossing the Line[edit] In 2007, Jackson directed a short film entitled Crossing the Line, to test a new model of digital cinema camera, the RED ONE. The film takes place during World War I, and was shot in two days. "Crossing the Line" was shown at NAB 2007 (the USA National Association of Broadcasters). Clips of the film can be found at Reduser.net.[43] The Lovely Bones[edit] Main article: The Lovely Bones
The Lovely Bones
(film) Jackson completed an adaptation of Alice Sebold's bestseller, The Lovely Bones, which was released in the United States on 11 December 2009.[44] Jackson has said the film was a welcome relief from his larger-scale epics. The storyline's combination of fantasy aspects and themes of murder bears some similarities to Heavenly Creatures. The film ended up receiving generally mixed reviews and middling box office returns. The Hobbit[edit] Main article: The Hobbit
The Hobbit
(film series) Jackson's involvement in the making of a film version of The Hobbit has a long and chequered history. In November 2006, a letter from Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
and Fran Walsh stated that due to an ongoing legal dispute between Wingnut Films (Jackson's production company) and New Line Cinema, Jackson would not be directing the film.[45] New Line Cinema's head Robert Shaye
Robert Shaye
commented that Jackson "...will never make any movie with New Line
New Line
Cinema again while I'm still working at the company...".[46] This prompted an online call for a boycott of New Line Cinema,[47] and by August 2007 Shaye was trying to repair his working relationship.[48] On 18 December 2007, it was announced that Jackson and New Line
New Line
Cinema had reached agreement to make two prequels, both based on The Hobbit, and to be released in 2012 and 2013 with Jackson as a writer and executive producer and Guillermo del Toro directing.[49][50] In early 2010, del Toro dropped out due to production delays[51] and a month later Jackson was back in negotiations to direct The Hobbit;[52] and on 15 October he was finalised as the director[53][54]—with New Zealand confirmed as the location a couple of weeks later.[55] The film started production on 20 March 2011. On 30 July 2012, Jackson announced on his Facebook page that the two planned Hobbit movies would be expanded into a trilogy. He wrote that the third film would not act as a bridge between The Hobbit
The Hobbit
and The Lord of the Rings films, but would continue to expand The Hobbit
The Hobbit
story by using material found in the Lord of the Rings Appendices.[56] Current and future projects[edit] Jackson had talked of producing films for others as early as 1995, but a number of factors slowed developments in this regard, including the failure of Jack Brown Genius
Jack Brown Genius
(1995). After he became a force in Hollywood, he has engaged in a number of ventures in filmmaking and other areas, several of which are still in development. Mortal Engines[edit] Main article: Mortal Engines
Mortal Engines
(film) In late December 2009, Jackson announced his interest in the movie adaptation of the novel Mortal Engines.[57] In October 2016, Jackson announced that the film would be his next project as producer and co-writer, alongside Fran Walsh and Philippa Boyens
Philippa Boyens
once again. The script will be directed by his long-time collaborator Christian Rivers.[58][59][60] The film will star Robert Sheehan, Hera Hilmar, Hugo Weaving, Jihae, Leila George, Ronan Raftery, and Stephen Lang. It is scheduled for release in theatres on December 14, 2018.[61] The Dam Busters[edit] Jackson was set to produce a remake of The Dam Busters, to be directed by longtime Weta designer Christian Rivers. Stephen Fry
Stephen Fry
has written a screenplay.[62][63] Originally scheduled for filming by 2009,[64] the project has been postponed. However, Jackson still holds movie rights as of October 2017.[65] Halo[edit] Jackson and his newly formed studio Wingnut Interactive have worked a project being developed by Microsoft Game Studios
Microsoft Game Studios
in collaboration with Bungie Studios; the project is officially titled Halo: Chronicles but little else is known about its nature. Jackson was set to produce a $128 million movie version of the science fiction video game series Halo
Halo
to be developed and released by Universal Studios
Universal Studios
and 20th Century Fox. In October 2006, the film was postponed indefinitely when financial backers withdrew their support,[66][67] although it was never officially cancelled. In June 2008, Jackson commented that, "With upcoming developments (Halo: Chronicles), I wouldn't know when to expect a movie, and I'm the producer." Instead, Jackson worked with Halo's planned director Neill Blomkamp on science fiction project District 9, which proved a box office hit and was nominated for an Oscar for Best Picture.[68] Temeraire[edit] Jackson has also won the rights to a film adaptation of the fantasy novel series Temeraire, a novel written by Naomi Novik
Naomi Novik
about dragons being used in combat in the Napoleonic Wars concerning a dragon named Temeraire and his captain, Will Laurence. It remains to be seen if he will direct it.[69] Tintin franchise[edit]

Jackson at the 2009 San Diego Comic-Con International

Main article: The Adventures of Tintin (film) Jackson was one of three producers on The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn, directed by Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
and released in 2011. He is officially credited as producer but before he began working on The Hobbit, helped Spielberg direct the film. Jamie Bell and Andy Serkis
Andy Serkis
were cast due to their collaboration with Peter Jackson on King Kong
King Kong
and The Lord of the Rings. Spielberg also chose to work with Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
due to the impressive digital work on the Lord of the Rings films, and knew Peter Jackson's company Weta Workshop would make his vision a reality. It received positive reviews and grossed $374 million at the box office. In December 2011, Spielberg said that a sequel would be made.[70] Spielberg said that the Thompson detectives would "have a much bigger role". The sequel would be produced by Spielberg and directed by Jackson.[70] Kathleen Kennedy said the script might be done by February or March 2012 and motion-captured in summer 2012, so that the movie would be on track to be released by Christmas 2014 or mid-2015.[71] In February 2012, Spielberg said that a story outline for the sequel had been completed. In December 2012, Jackson said that the Tintin schedule was to shoot performance-capture in 2013, aiming for a release in 2015.[72] On 12 March 2013, Spielberg said, "Don't hold me to it, but we're hoping the film will come out around Christmas-time in 2015. We know which books we're making, we can't share that now but we're combining two books which were always intended to be combined by Herge."[73] In December 2014, Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
said that the Tintin sequel would be made "at some point soon", although he intended to focus on directing two New Zealand films before that.[74] The following year, Anthony Horowitz, who was hired as the sequel's screenwriter even before the release of the first film,[75] stated that he was no longer working on the sequel, and was unsure if it was still being made.[76] In June 2016, Spielberg confirmed that the sequel was still in development, but Jackson is working on a secret project in the meantime.[77] Games[edit] Jackson was set to make games with Microsoft Game Studios, a partnership announced on 27 September 2006, at X06.[78] Specifically, Jackson and Microsoft were teaming together to form a new studio called Wingnut Interactive.[79] In collaboration with Bungie Studios, he was to co-write, co-design and co-produce a new game taking place in the Halo
Halo
universe – tentatively called Halo: Chronicles. On 27 July 2009, in an interview about his new movie (as producer) District 9, he announced that Halo: Chronicles had been cancelled, while Microsoft confirmed that the game is "on hold". Jackson's game studio Wingnut Interactive is now at work on original intellectual property.[80] Charitable activities[edit] Jackson has given NZ$500,000 to stem cell research.[81] He purchased a church in the Wellington
Wellington
suburb of Seatoun for about $10 million, saving it from demolition.[82] He also contributes his expertise to 48HOURS, a New Zealand film-making competition, through annually selecting 3 "Wildcards" for the National Final. Jackson, a World War I
World War I
aviation enthusiast, is chair of the 14–18 Aviation
Aviation
Heritage Trust.[83] He donated his services and provided replica aircraft to create a 10-minute multimedia display called Over the Front for the Australian War Memorial
Australian War Memorial
in 2008.[84] He contributed to the defense fund for the West Memphis Three.[85] In 2011, Jackson and Walsh purchased 1 Kent Terrace, the home of BATS Theatre in Wellington, effectively securing the theatre's future.[86] Other activities[edit] Jackson spent $5 million to purchase 20 hectares of land in Wairarapa, a property containing a mansion, private lake, tunnel and the interior of Bag End
Bag End
from The Lord of the Rings. In 2009, he purchased a Gulfstream G550
Gulfstream G550
jet; his total net worth is estimated by National Business Review
National Business Review
at NZ$450 million.[87] Jackson owns an aircraft restoration and manufacturing company, The Vintage Aviator, which is dedicated to World War I
World War I
and World War II fighter planes among other planes from the 1920s and 1930s. He is chairman of the Omaka Aviation
Aviation
Heritage Trust, which hosts a biennial air show.[88] He owns a scale modeling company Wingnut Wings that specializes in World War One subjects.[89] Style[edit]

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Jackson is known for his attention to detail, a habit of shooting scenes from many angles, a macabre sense of humour, and a general playfulness—the latter to a point that The Lord of the Rings conceptual designer Alan Lee jokingly remarked, "the film is almost incidental really".[90][full citation needed] Jackson was a noted perfectionist on the Lord of the Rings shoot, where he demanded numerous takes of scenes, requesting additional takes by repeatedly saying, "one more for luck".[91][92] Jackson is also renowned within the New Zealand film industry for his insistence on "coverage"—shooting a scene from as many angles as possible, giving him more options during editing. Jackson has been known to spend days shooting a single scene. This is evident in his work where even scenes featuring simple conversations often feature a wide array of multiple camera angles and shot-sizes as well as zooming closeups on characters' faces. One of his most common visual trademarks is shooting close-ups of actors with wide-angle lenses.[93] He was an early user of computer enhancement technology and provided digital special effects to a number of Hollywood films.[94] Cameo roles[edit]

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Jackson is one of the lead actors in two of his films: in Bad Taste, he plays two characters named Derek and Robert, even engaging them both in a fight.[95] In the mockumentary Forgotten Silver, he plays his own role.[96] However he appears in most films he directed,[97] mostly in cameos, just as director Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
had done:[98][99][100]

In Meet the Feebles, Jackson appears as an audience member disguised as one of the aliens from Bad Taste.[95] In Braindead, he is the mortician's assistant.[95] In Heavenly Creatures, he is the tramp who gets kissed by Juliet Hulme.[101] In The Frighteners, Jackson is a biker bumped into by Frank Bannister.[95] In The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Jackson plays a drunken, carrot-chomping citizen of Bree when the four hobbits are entering in town.[95] In The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, he plays a spear-throwing defender of Helm's Deep.[95] In his significant cameo in The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King he is seen as the boatswain of a murderous corsair ship.[95] This character is seen very briefly in the theatrical version. In the extended version he is onscreen for a longer period and is accidentally killed by Legolas's "warning shot". A detailed action figure of Jackson was made of this character in the same line as the rest of the Lord of the Rings toys. Jackson actually makes two cameos in Return of the King: during the scene of Shelob's Lair, where Sam's hands (i.e. Jackson's) are seen entering the shot as Shelob
Shelob
is wrapping Frodo in webbing. This was due to Sean Astin's temporary absence, and Jackson wanted to progress the production of the scene as much as possible, even without the actor.[102] Jackson appears in his version of King Kong
King Kong
as a biplane gunner attacking Kong in New York, reprising the cameo which original King Kong filmmaker Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
made in the original 1933 film.[95] In The Lovely Bones, he appears as a customer in a camera store playing with a camera.[95] In The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, Jackson plays one of the dwarves escaping from Erebor after Smaug has attacked.[103] In The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug, he appears as a drunken, carrot-chomping citizen of Bree, much like his appearance in The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring.[104] At the end of The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies, when Bilbo Baggins restores the fallen portraits of his parents, Bungo Baggins and Belladonna Took, to the wall from which they had fallen or been removed, Jackson and his partner have cameos as Bungo and Belladonna, as the portraits were painted in their likeness.[105]

He has also made cameos in several films not directed by him. In the opening sequence of Hot Fuzz
Hot Fuzz
(2007), he played a demented man dressed as Father Christmas, who stabs Nicholas Angel (played by Simon Pegg) in the hand.[106] Jackson's eldest son, Billy (born 1995), has made cameo appearances in almost every one of his father's films since his birth, namely The Frighteners, The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings
film trilogy, King Kong, The Lovely Bones, and the third film of The Hobbit
The Hobbit
trilogy.[107] His daughter, Katie (born 1996), appears in all the above films except The Frighteners.[108] Walsh makes a short cameo in The Frighteners
The Frighteners
as a woman walking next to Cyrus and Stuar just prior the scene featuring their son Billy.[109][full citation needed] Other appearances[edit] Jackson had a cameo on the HBO show Entourage in 5 August 2007 episode, "Gary's Desk", in which he offers a business proposal to Eric Murphy, manager to the lead character, Vincent Chase.[110][111] Jackson appears as himself in the 2013 Doctor Who
Doctor Who
50th anniversary spoof The Five(ish) Doctors Reboot, alongside Sir Ian McKellen.[112] Personal life[edit] Jackson and his partner Fran Walsh, a New Zealand screenwriter, film producer and lyricist, have two children, Billy (born 1995) and Katie (born 1996). Walsh has contributed to all of Jackson's films since 1989, as co-writer since Meet the Feebles, and as producer since The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. She won three Academy Awards in 2003, for Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Original Song, all for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King. She has received seven Oscar nominations.[113][114] Jackson is an avid aviation enthusiast and owns a collection of over 40 airworthy World War I-era warbirds housed at Hood Aerodrome
Hood Aerodrome
near Masterton,[115] and a Gulfstream G650
Gulfstream G650
in Wellington.[116] As well as this, Omaka Aviation
Aviation
Heritage Centre presents the Knights of the Sky exhibition, featuring Jackson’s own collection of WW1 aircraft and artifacts. This story of aviation in the Great War is brought to life in sets created by the internationally acclaimed talent of WingNut Films and Weta Workshop.[117][118] Awards and honours[edit] Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Title Result

1995 Academy Awards Best Original Screenplay Heavenly Creatures Nominated

2002 Best Picture The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Nominated

Best Director Nominated

Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated

2003 Best Picture The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Nominated

2004 Best Picture The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Won

Best Director Won

Best Adapted Screenplay Won

2010 Best Picture District 9 Nominated

2002 Australian Film Institute Awards Best Foreign Film The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Won

2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Won

2004 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Won

2002 British Academy Film Awards Best Film The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Won

David Lean
David Lean
Award for Direction Won

Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated

2003 Best Film The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Nominated

David Lean
David Lean
Award for Direction Nominated

2004 Best Film The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Won

David Lean
David Lean
Award for Direction Nominated

Best Adapted Screenplay Won

2002 Critics' Choice Awards Best Director The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Nominated

2004 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Won

2006 King Kong Nominated

2002 Directors Guild of America Awards Outstanding Directing – Motion Pictures The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Nominated

2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Nominated

2004 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Won

2002 Empire Awards Best Director The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Nominated

2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Nominated

2004 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Nominated

2006 King Kong Nominated

2013 The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Nominated

2014 The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug Nominated

2015 The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies Nominated

2002 Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Awards Best Director The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Nominated

2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Nominated

2004 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Won

2006 King Kong Nominated

1993 New Zealand Film and TV Awards Best Director – Film Braindead Won

Best Screenplay – Film Won

1995 Best Director – Film Heavenly Creatures Won

2002 Producers Guild of America Awards Outstanding Producer of Theatrical Motion Picture The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Nominated

2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Nominated

2004 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Won

2010 District 9 Nominated

2011 Outstanding Producer of Animated Theatrical Motion Picture The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn Won

1997 Saturn Awards Best Director The Frighteners Nominated

Best Writing Nominated

2002 Best Director The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Won

Best Writing Nominated

2003 Best Director The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Nominated

Best Writing Nominated

2004 Best Director The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Won

Best Writing Won

2006 Best Director King Kong Won

Best Writing Nominated

2013 Best Director The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Nominated

2014 Best Director The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug Nominated

Best Writing Nominated

2015 Best Writing The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies Nominated

1995 Writers Guild of America Awards Best Original Screenplay Heavenly Creatures Nominated

2002 Best Adapted Screenplay The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Nominated

2004 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Nominated

Honours[edit] In the 2002 New Year Honours Jackson was appointed a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit
New Zealand Order of Merit
for services to film.[119] In the 2010 New Year Honours, he was promoted to Knight Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit, also for services to film.[120] The investiture ceremony took place at Premier House
Premier House
in Wellington
Wellington
on 28 April 2010.[121][122] In the 2012 Queen's Birthday and Diamond Jubilee Honours Jackson was appointed a Member of the Order of New Zealand,[123][124][125] New Zealand's highest civilian honour. Titles and styles[edit]

Mr Peter Robert Jackson 1961–2002 Mr Peter Robert Jackson CNZM 2002–2010[119] Sir Peter Robert Jackson KNZM 2010–2012[120] Sir Peter Robert Jackson ONZ KNZM 2012–present.[123][124][125]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Functioned as

Director Writer Producer Notes

1976 The Valley Yes Yes Yes Cameo: Prospector #4 Short film; also cinematographer, editor, makeup designer, costume designer and special effects supervisor

1987 Bad Taste Yes Yes Yes Roles: Derek and Robert Also editor, makeup effects supervisor and special effects supervisor

1989 Meet the Feebles Yes Yes Yes Cameo: Audience Member in the Theater wearing "Bad Taste" Mask Also camera operator and puppet maker

1992 Valley of the Stereos No No Yes Short film

Braindead Yes Yes No Cameo: Undertaker's assistant Also stop motion animator

1994 Heavenly Creatures Yes Yes Yes Uncredited cameo: Bum outside theater

1995 Forgotten Silver Yes Yes No Role: Himself

1996 Jack Brown Genius No Yes Yes

The Frighteners Yes Yes Yes Uncredited cameo: Man with piercings

2001 The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Yes Yes Yes Uncredited cameos: Albert Dreary eating carrot / painting of Bungo Baggins

2002 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Yes Yes Yes Uncredited cameo: Rohan warrior throwing spear at the gate of Helms Deep

2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Yes Yes Yes Uncredited cameo: Corsair of Umbar walking on deck

The Long and Short of It No No Yes (executive) Short film Role: Bus driver

2005 King Kong Yes Yes Yes Cameo: Biplane
Biplane
gunner

2007 Hot Fuzz No No No Uncredited cameo: Thief dressed as Father Christmas

Entourage No No No Role: Himself Episode: "Gary's Desk"

2008 Crossing the Line Yes Yes No Short film

Over The Front: The Great War In The Air[126] Yes Yes Yes Docuentary short film

2009 District 9 No No Yes

The Lovely Bones Yes Yes Yes Uncredited cameo: Man at pharmacy

2011 The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn No No Yes

2012 West of Memphis No No Yes

The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Yes Yes Yes Uncredited cameo: Dwarf fleeing from Smaug

2013 The Five(ish) Doctors Reboot No No No Cameo: Himself

The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug Yes Yes Yes Uncredited cameo: Albert Dreary eating carrot

2014 The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies Yes Yes Yes Uncredited cameo: Painting of Bungo Baggins

2018 Untitled WWI Documentary Yes No Yes Documentary

Mortal Engines[127] No Yes Yes

As director[edit] Since 1994's Heavenly Creatures
Heavenly Creatures
Peter Jackson's films have enjoyed success in the annual awards season, earning many nominations and winning several awards; The Frighteners
The Frighteners
being his only directed effort since 1994 not to be nominated for an Academy Award. The Lord of the Rings trilogy is one of the most successful trilogies of all time in terms of awards, winning more Academy Awards
Academy Awards
than the Francis Ford Coppola directed Godfather Trilogy, with 2003's The Return of the King winning in all 11 categories for which it was nominated including Best Picture, Director and Adapted Screenplay. Jackson's films have fared extremely well in the technical categories as well as the major categories; all three Lord of the Rings pictures as well as King Kong won the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Visual Effects in their respective years. In total Jackson's directed efforts have been the most awarded films at three separate Academy Award
Academy Award
ceremonies, the 74th, 76th and 78th.

Year Film Academy Award
Academy Award
Nominations Academy Award
Academy Award
Wins Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Nominations Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Wins BAFTA
BAFTA
Nominations BAFTA
BAFTA
Wins

1987 Bad Taste

1989 Meet the Feebles

1992 Braindead

1994 Heavenly Creatures 1

1996 The Frighteners

2001 The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring 13 4 4

13 5

2002 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers 6 2 2

10 3

2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King 11 11 4 4 12 5

2005 King Kong 4 3 2

3 1

2009 The Lovely Bones 1

1

2

2012 The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey 3

3

2013 The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug 3

2

2014 The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies 1

1

Total 43 20 13 4 46 14

See also[edit]

Cinema of New Zealand List of New Zealand film makers Park Road Post

References[edit]

^ a b c Brooks Barnes (30 November 2012). "Middle-Earth Wizard's Not-So-Silent Partner". New York Times.  ^ " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
gets star on Hollywood Walk of Fame". The New Zealand Herald. 25 November 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2014.  ^ a b Pryor, Ian (2003). Peter Jackson: From Prince of Splatter to Lord of the Rings. New York, NY, USA: Random House. ISBN 978-0-7528-6970-4. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  ^ Pryor (2003), p. 25, op. cit., states "Shortly before sunset on October 31, Joan Jackson gave birth to her first child at Wellington Hospital." ^ " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
– Biography". NZ On Screen. Retrieved 16 January 2014.  ^ Hill, Richard (2006). Richard Hill: The Autobiography (Hardcover ed.). Orion Books. p. 22. ISBN 1-86941-555-8.  ^ "FilmReference.com". FilmReference.com. Retrieved 24 March 2010.  ^ David Smith (30 November 2003). "Guardian.co.uk". Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 24 March 2010.  ^ Paul Fischer (5 December 2005). "Interview: Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
on King Kong". Gorilla Nation. Retrieved 27 May 2009. [permanent dead link] ^ Gandert, Sean (11 December 2009). "Salute Your Shorts: Peter Jackson's "Forgotten Silver"". Paste Magazine. Retrieved 26 May 2010.  ^ Baillie, Russell (29 October 2006). "Peter Jackson's trip from splatstick to RAF". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2 November 2011.  ^ "interview, 3 June 2006". Achievement.org. 26 May 2009. Archived from the original on 20 March 2018. Retrieved 25 December 2012.  ^ " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Inspiration". Youtube. Retrieved 2 February 2013.  ^ " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Inspiration 2". Youtube. Retrieved 2 February 2013.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 September 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2011.  ^ "Lord of the cinema" Archived 16 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine., achievement.org ^ Ian Pryor, "Meet the Feebles", Evening Post, 24 August 1989, p. 25. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan. "Dead Alive". Chicago Reader. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  ^ Pryor, Ian. Peter Jackson: From Prince of Splatter to Lord of the Rings. p. 466.  ^ Webster, Andy (1996). "The Frightener" [Cover: "The Twisted Genius Behind 'The Frighteners'"], Premiere (magazine, U.S.; discontinued), August, pp. 33-37, esp. p. 26. No online archive of magazine or article available (October 2015). ^ Thompson, Kristin. The Frodo Franchise: The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings
and Modern Hollywood. p. 22.  ^ "Observations on film art and Film Art". David Bordwell. Retrieved 27 March 2007.  ^ Hight, Craig. "Forgotten Silver". Mock-documentary: the subversion of factuality. Screen and Media Studies Department, University of Waikato, New Zealand. Retrieved 27 March 2007.  Derived from Roscoe, Jane; Craig Hight (2001). Faking It: Mock-documentary and the subversion of factuality. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-5641-1.  ^ Geoff Chapple, 'Gone, not forgotten', New Zealand Listener, 25 November 1995, p.26. ^ Leotta, Alfio. Peter Jackson. p. 229.  ^ "The History of Weta Workshop". wetaworkshop.com. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ Tasker, Yvonne. Fifty Contemporary Film Directors. p. 202.  ^ Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
(19 July 1996). "The Frighteners". rogerebert.com. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ Philip Matthews, "Spectral Steel", New Zealand Listener, 14 December 1996 ^ Heal, Andrew (December 1997). "Horror Story". Metro. New Zealand. p. 198.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Morton, Ray. King Kong: The History of a Movie Icon from Fay Wray to Peter Jackson. p. 168.  ^ Andrew Heal, "Horror Story", Metro, December 1997.[full citation needed] ^ " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
to head Film Commission review". newshub.co.nz. 19 June 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ John Drinnan (12 November 2010). "Media: ASB Bank begins life after Goldstein". nzherald.co.nz. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ Pryor, Ian. Peter Jackson: From Prince of Splatter to Lord of the Rings. p. 321.  ^ " Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
tells the story of how the Rings films were born". theonering.net. 22 May 2001. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ Rüdiger Sturm (18 May 2001). "Herr der Ringe-Produzent Saul Zaentz: "Wir waren total glückliche Arschlöcher"". spiegel.de. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ Patrick Goldstein (24 August 1998). " New Line
New Line
Gambles on Becoming Lord of the 'Rings'". latimes.com. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ [1] Archived 17 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Peter Jackson's muesli diet secret". Kongisking.net. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  ^ "'King Kong': Peter Jackson's labor of love – Dateline NBC NBC News". MSNBC. 29 February 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  ^ " King Kong
King Kong
(2005)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  ^ "RedUser.net". RedUser.net. Retrieved 24 March 2010.  ^ " The Lovely Bones
The Lovely Bones
Is Fit for a Queen". Dreadcentral.com. 15 October 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2010.  ^ xoanon (19 November 2006). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
and Fran Walsh talk The Hobbit". TheOneRing.net. Retrieved 2 January 2010.  ^ " New Line
New Line
boss hits out at Peter Jackson". The New Zealand Herald. AFP, NZPA. 12 January 2007. Retrieved 2 November 2011.  ^ "McKellen 'sad' that Jackson may not make Hobbit". The New Zealand Herald. Reuters. 23 November 2006. Retrieved 2 November 2011.  ^ "Hobbit studio sweet-talks Jackson". The Dominion Post. 11 August 2007. Retrieved 2 November 2011.  ^ "Press Release: Announcing The Hobbit". Press Release. Retrieved 29 December 2007.  ^ "Del Toro to take charge of The Hobbit". guardian.co.uk. London, UK. 3 January 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2010.  ^ Adam Vary (31 May 2010). "Why Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
left 'The Hobbit' – and Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
will not replace him as director". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 31 May 2010.  ^ Nicole Sperling. " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
in negotiations for 'The Hobbit'". Archived from the original on 19 November 2012.  ^ Cieply, Michael (15 October 2010). "Peter Jackson's Deal for 'The Hobbit' Is Finalized". New York Times.  ^ Tom Cardy (16 October 2010). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
to direct The Hobbit
The Hobbit
in 3-D". The Dominion Post. Archived from the original on 7 February 2011. Retrieved 27 October 2010.  ^ Cheng, Derek (27 October 2010). "Hobbit to stay in NZ". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2 November 2011.  ^ " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Confirms Third 'Hobbit' Film". Retrieved 2 August 2012.  ^ Barton, Steve (23 December 2009). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Revving His Mortal Engines". Dread Central. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  ^ Evans, Alan (25 October 2016). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
to produce film based on Mortal Engines
Mortal Engines
books". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 October 2016.  ^ Evans, Alan (2016-10-25). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
to produce film based on Mortal Engines
Mortal Engines
books". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-10-25.  ^ " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
to try his hand at dystopian YA films with Mortal Engines". 2016-10-25. Retrieved 2016-10-25.  ^ http://collider.com/mortal-engines-movie-release-date/ ^ " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
to film Dam Busters". BBC News. 31 August 2006.  ^ Aviles, Omar (28 May 2007). "Fry writes Dambusters". Joblo.com. Retrieved 24 March 2010.  ^ The Dominion Post (29 June 2008). "Dambusters filming set for next year". stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ Paul Gallagher (5 August 2015). "The Dam Busters: Will Peter Jackson's remake of the iconic film ever get off the ground?". independent.co.uk. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ "Jackson Says He Won't Be Making `Hobbit'". Comcast.net. Associated Press. 21 November 2006.  ^ "Xbox Family — Home". N4g.com. Retrieved 24 March 2010. [permanent dead link] ^ Michael Fleming (1 November 2007). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
gears up for 'District'". Variety. Retrieved 17 November 2007.  ^ "Temeraire on Warpath". IGN.com. 12 September 2006.  ^ a b "Spielberg announces new Tintin movie". Google News. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2011.  ^ Adam Chitwood (4 December 2011). "Producer Kathleen Kennedy Talks JURASSIC PARK 4, a 3D Re-Release for JURASSIC PARK, and the TINTIN Sequel". collider.com. Retrieved 7 January 2012.  ^ Connelly, Brendon (12 December 2012). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Won't Finish Hobbit Before Shooting Next Tintin". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved 12 December 2012.  ^ Singh, Vikas; Srijana Mitra Das (12 March 2013). "Steven Spielberg plans film based on Indo-Pak border". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 March 2013.  ^ Alex Suskind. "'No Regrets': Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Says Goodbye to Middle-Earth". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  ^ "The Sequel To The Adventures Of Tintin Has A Script, Now Waiting On Peter Jackson". wegotthiscovered.com. 20 March 2014.  ^ " Anthony Horowitz
Anthony Horowitz
webchat – post your questions now". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 November 2015.  ^ " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Working on a Secret Project with Steven Spielberg, But It's Not Adventures of Tintin 2". slashfilm.com. 30 June 2016.  ^ "X06: Halo
Halo
Wars revealed at Microsoft briefing". Uk.gamespot.com. 27 September 2006. Retrieved 24 March 2010.  ^ "X06: Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Forms a Game Studio". 1UP.com. 27 September 2006.  ^ "Peter Jackson's game studio to work on original IP". Comic-con.gamespot.com. 28 July 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2010.  ^ Atkinson, Kent (15 July 2006). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
gives $500,000 for stem cell research". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 24 March 2010.  ^ "Stella Maris Retreat Centre and Chapel saved". Scoop. 12 September 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2007.  ^ "New Zealand Aircraft History". Nzs.com. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  ^ "Jackson behind War Memorial display". ABC News. 16 September 2008.  ^ Bulbeck, Pip (22 August 2011). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Helped West Memphis Three Defense". The Hollywood Reporter.  ^ "Stuff.co.nz". 2011.  ^ Rebecca Lewis (12 April 2009). "Peter Jackson's jet set upgrade". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 11 April 2009.  ^ Tammy Buckley (13 April 2009). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
causes stir". Stuff. Fairfax New Zealand. Retrieved 14 April 2009.  ^ "Wingnut Wings About Us".  ^ "Big-atures" Rotk[clarification needed] see DVD Documentary.[full citation needed] ^ Cameras in Middle-earth: The Fellowship of the Ring, Special Extended Edition DVD Documentary. Actor Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
remarks about having twelve takes for one scene, before being told by Ian McKellen he did 24 takes for two lines the previous day.[full citation needed] ^ " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Icon of the Month". siad.in. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ Darcy Corrigan (26 April 2015). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Film Analysis Part 3: Camera
Camera
Angles and Shot-sizes". wordpress.com. Retrieved 10 March 2016.  ^ Leotta, Alfio. Peter Jackson. p. 159.  ^ a b c d e f g h i Leotta, Alfio. Peter Jackson. p. 124.  ^ Leotta, Alfio. Peter Jackson. p. 129.  ^ Ann Lee (15 January 2014). "Peter Jackson's Lord Of The Rings and Hobbit cameos brought to life in GIFs". metro.co.uk. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ "Cameo Appearances". hitchcock.tv. 26 March 1995. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ Leotta, Alfio. Peter Jackson. p. 123.  ^ David Parkinson (20 January 2009). "Hitchcock's cameos make him a wallflower compared to today's directors". theguardian.com. Retrieved 10 March 2016.  ^ " Heavenly Creatures
Heavenly Creatures
(1994) Trivia". imdb.com. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ Oliver, Sarah. A-Z of JRR Tolkien's The Hobbit: An Unendorsed, Colourful and Critical Guide. p. 90.  ^ " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Talks The Dambusters". Retrieved 15 December 2012.  ^ Ann Lee (14 January 2014). "Peter Jackson's Lord Of The Rings and Hobbit cameos brought to life in GIFs". metro.co.uk. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ Jackson and Walsh note this in the DVD commentary of the film's Extended Edition. ^ Zingale, Jason. " Hot Fuzz
Hot Fuzz
review". Retrieved 30 April 2008.  ^ "Billy Jackson". imdb.com. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ "Katie Jackson". imdb.com. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ Audio commentary, 4-disc special edition, The Frighteners.[full citation needed] ^ The Dominion Post (8 August 2007). "Jackson wears skin-tight suit in Entourage cameo". stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ " Entourage (U.S. TV series)
Entourage (U.S. TV series)
Gary's Desk
Gary's Desk
(2007) Full Cast & Crew". imdb.com. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ "The Five(ish) Doctors Reboot". BBC. 23 November 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  ^ Brooks Barnes (30 November 2012). "Middle-Earth Wizard's Not-So-Silent Partner". nytimes.com. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ " Fran Walsh Biography". imdb.com. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ Kahn, jeremy (23 September 2014). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
dogfighting over vintage warbirds". New Zealand Herald.  ^ NIPPERT, MATT (28 May 2013). "Jackson takes to skies in $80m style". Stuff. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ "Omaka Aviation
Aviation
Heritage Centre Blenheim, New Zealand". omaka.org.nz.  ^ "Omaka's Knights of the Sky – Marlborough, New Zealand". newzealand.com.  ^ a b "New Year Honours 2002". Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet. 31 December 2001. Archived from the original on 21 May 2010.  ^ a b " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
knighted in New Zealand". bbc.co.uk. 28 April 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ "New Year Honours 2010". Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet. 31 December 2009. Archived from the original on 21 May 2010.  ^ Tan, Lucinda (31 December 2009). "Better than the Oscars, says Sir Peter Jackson". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 30 December 2009.  ^ a b "New Zealand Gazette". Dia.govt.nz. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  ^ a b "The Queen's Birthday and Diamond Jubilee Honours List 2012". New Zealand Honours Lists. Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Archived from the original on 4 June 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.  ^ a b Dastgheib, Shabnam (4 June 2012). " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
Makes Order of New Zealand". Dominion Post. Retrieved 4 June 2012.  ^ [2] - Article about 'Over The Front: The Great War In The Air by Penny McLintock (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). ^ Lee, Ashley (November 24, 2016). "Peter Jackson's 'Mortal Engines' Gets December 2018 Release". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 7, 2016. 

Further reading[edit] Main article: Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
bibliography

Bordoni, Andrea & Matteo Marino (2002). Peter Jackson. Milan, ITA: Il Castoro. ISBN 9788880332251. (in Italian) Sibley, Brian (2006). Peter Jackson: A Film-maker's Journey. Sydney, AUS: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-7322-8562-3.

External links[edit]

Find more aboutPeter Jacksonat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote

Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
on IMDb Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
at Rotten Tomatoes Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
on Charlie Rose " Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
collected news and commentary". The New York Times.  Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
at FEARnet Peter Jackson's trip from splatstick to RAF

v t e

Peter Jackson

Films directed

Bad Taste
Bad Taste
(1987) Meet the Feebles
Meet the Feebles
(1989) Braindead (1992) Heavenly Creatures
Heavenly Creatures
(1994) The Frighteners
The Frighteners
(1996) The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) King Kong
King Kong
(2005) The Lovely Bones
The Lovely Bones
(2009) The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012) The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013) The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (2014)

Other films

The Valley (1976) Forgotten Silver
Forgotten Silver
(1995) Crossing the Line (2008)

Produced only

Valley of the Stereos (1992) Jack Brown Genius
Jack Brown Genius
(1997, also writer) District 9
District 9
(2009) The Adventures of Tintin (2011) West of Memphis (2012) Mortal Engines
Mortal Engines
(2018, also writer)

Companies

WingNut Films Weta Workshop Weta Digital Park Road Post

Related

The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings
(film series) The Hobbit
The Hobbit
(film series)

Awards for Peter Jackson

v t e

Members of the Order of New Zealand

Current

Ordinary members

Miriam Dell Kiri Te Kanawa Miles Warren Jim Bolger Ken Douglas Mike Moore Thomas Williams Jonathan Hunt Lloyd Geering Kenneth Keith Don McKinnon Murray Halberg Helen Clark Bob Charles Albert Wendt Ron Carter Peter Gluckman Richie McCaw Joy Cowley

Additional members

Michael Duffy Catherine Tizard Brian Lochore C. K. Stead Prince Philip Margaret Bazley Peter Jackson Malvina Major

Honorary members

Shridath Ramphal

Deceased

Ordinary members

Arnold Nordmeyer C. E. Beeby Te Atairangikaahu Edmund Hillary Sonja Davies Jim Knox Frederick Turnovsky Richard Matthews Douglas Lilburn June Blundell Manuhuia Bennett Henry Lang Whina Cooper Jack Somerville Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan Margaret Mahy Thaddeus McCarthy Roy McKenzie James Fletcher Ivan Lichter Cliff Whiting Alan MacDiarmid David Lange Doreen Blumhardt Ralph Hotere

Additional members

Guy Powles Allen Curnow Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother Janet Frame Arthur Lydiard Ann Ballin Robin Cooke, Baron Cooke of Thorndon Hugh Kawharu Paul Reeves Owen Woodhouse

Honorary members

Bill Pickering

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Adapted Screenplay

1928–1950

Benjamin Glazer (1928) Hanns Kräly (1929) Frances Marion
Frances Marion
(1930) Howard Estabrook
Howard Estabrook
(1931) Edwin J. Burke (1932) Victor Heerman
Victor Heerman
and Sarah Y. Mason
Sarah Y. Mason
(1933) Robert Riskin
Robert Riskin
(1934) Dudley Nichols (1935) Pierre Collings
Pierre Collings
and Sheridan Gibney (1936) Heinz Herald, Geza Herczeg, and Norman Reilly Raine
Norman Reilly Raine
(1937) Ian Dalrymple, Cecil Arthur Lewis, W. P. Lipscomb, and George Bernard Shaw (1938) Sidney Howard
Sidney Howard
(1939) Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
(1940) Sidney Buchman and Seton I. Miller (1941) George Froeschel, James Hilton, Claudine West, and Arthur Wimperis (1942) Philip G. Epstein, Julius J. Epstein, and Howard E. Koch (1943) Frank Butler, and Frank Cavett (1944) Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Robert Sherwood (1946) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

Harry Brown and Michael Wilson (1951) Charles Schnee (1952) Daniel Taradash (1953) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1954) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1955) John Farrow, S. J. Perelman, and James Poe (1956) Carl Foreman
Carl Foreman
and Michael Wilson (1957) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1958) Neil Paterson (1959) Richard Brooks
Richard Brooks
(1960) Abby Mann (1961) Horton Foote (1962) John Osborne
John Osborne
(1963) Edward Anhalt (1964) Robert Bolt (1965) Robert Bolt (1966) Stirling Silliphant (1967) James Goldman (1968) Waldo Salt (1969) Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975)

1976–2000

William Goldman
William Goldman
(1976) Alvin Sargent (1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
and Donald E. Stewart (1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Peter Shaffer (1984) Kurt Luedtke (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
and Mark Peploe (1987) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1988) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Bill Condon (1998) John Irving
John Irving
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000)

2001–present

Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Philippa Boyens, Peter Jackson, and Fran Walsh (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan
William Monahan
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Geoffrey S. Fletcher
Geoffrey S. Fletcher
(2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon
Nat Faxon
(2011) Chris Terrio (2012) John Ridley
John Ridley
(2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Direction

Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) George Roy Hill (1970) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1975) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1984) no award (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1987) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1988) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Mike Newell (1994) Michael Radford
Michael Radford
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(1997) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1983) Bruce Robinson
Bruce Robinson
(1984) Richard Condon and Janet Roach (1985) Kurt Luedtke (1986) Claude Berri
Claude Berri
and Gérard Brach (1987) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
and Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1988) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1989) Nicholas Pileggi
Nicholas Pileggi
and Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Dick Clement, Roddy Doyle
Roddy Doyle
and Ian La Frenais (1991) Michael Tolkin
Michael Tolkin
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Paul Attanasio
Paul Attanasio
(1994) John Hodge (1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
and Craig Pearce
Craig Pearce
(1997) Elaine May
Elaine May
(1998) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000) Ted Elliott, Terry Rossio, Roger S. H. Schulman and Joe Stillman (2001) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
and Donald Kaufman (2002) Philippa Boyens, Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
and Fran Walsh (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) Jeremy Brock and Peter Morgan (2006) Ronald Harwood (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Jason Reitman
Jason Reitman
and Sheldon Turner (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Bridget O'Connor and Peter Straughan (2011) David O. Russell
David O. Russell
(2012) Steve Coogan
Steve Coogan
and Jeff Pope
Jeff Pope
(2013) Anthony McCarten (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Luke Davies
Luke Davies
(2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

v t e

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Director

Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
/ Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(2001) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Directors Guild of America Award
Directors Guild of America Award
for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Director

Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1960) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) David Lean
David Lean
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller
Arthur Hiller
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

London Film Critics' Circle Award for Director of the Year

Nicolas Roeg
Nicolas Roeg
(1980) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
(1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1983) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1984) Roland Joffé
Roland Joffé
(1985) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1986) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1987) John Huston
John Huston
(1988) Terence Davies (1989) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1990) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) James Ivory
James Ivory
(1993) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1994) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2000) Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
(2001) Phillip Noyce
Phillip Noyce
(2002) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2003) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) László Nemes
László Nemes
(2016) Sean Baker (2017)

v t e

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Director

Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(1985) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1988) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Mike Figgis
Mike Figgis
(1995) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
/ Luca Guadagnino
Luca Guadagnino
(2017)

v t e

MTV Movie Award for Best Action Sequence

James Cameron
James Cameron
(1992) Richard Donner
Richard Donner
(1993) Andrew Davis (1994) Jan de Bont
Jan de Bont
(1995) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1996) Jan de Bont
Jan de Bont
(1997) John Woo
John Woo
(1998) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(1999) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2000) John Woo
John Woo
(2001) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2004) Roland Emmerich
Roland Emmerich
(2005)

v t e

Nebula Award for Best Script/ Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
Award

Nebula Award for Best Script

Soylent Green
Soylent Green
– Stanley R. Greenberg (1973) Sleeper – Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1974) Young Frankenstein
Young Frankenstein
Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Gene Wilder
Gene Wilder
(1975) Star Wars – George Lucas
George Lucas
(1977) The Sixth Sense M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
(1999) Galaxy Quest
Galaxy Quest
– David Howard and Robert Gordon (2000) Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
James Schamus, Kuo Jung Tsai, and Hui-Ling Wang (2001) The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2002) The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, Stephen Sinclair, and Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2004) Serenity – Joss Whedon
Joss Whedon
(2005) Howl's Moving Castle – Hayao Miyazaki, Cindy Davis Hewitt, and Donald H. Hewitt (2006) Pan's Labyrinth
Pan's Labyrinth
Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2007) WALL-E
WALL-E
– Andrew Stanton, Jim Reardon, and Pete Docter
Pete Docter
(2008)

Ray Bradbury Award for Outstanding Dramatic Presentation

Terminator 2: Judgment Day – James Cameron
James Cameron
(1992) Babylon 5 J. Michael Straczynski
J. Michael Straczynski
(1999) 2000X
2000X
– Tales of the Next Millennia – Yuri Rasovsky and Harlan Ellison (2001) Joss Whedon
Joss Whedon
(2008) District 9
District 9
Neill Blomkamp
Neill Blomkamp
and Terri Tatchell
Terri Tatchell
(2009) Inception
Inception
Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) Doctor Who: "The Doctor's Wife" – Richard Clark and Neil Gaiman (2011) Beasts of the Southern Wild – Benh Zeitlin, Lucy Alibar (2012) Gravity – Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
and Jonás Cuarón (2013) Guardians of the Galaxy – James Gunn
James Gunn
and Nicole Perlman (2014) Mad Max: Fury Road – George Miller, Brendan McCarthy, and Nico Lathouris (2015) Arrival – Eric Heisserer (2016)

v t e

Saturn Award
Saturn Award
for Best Director

Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1974/75) Dan Curtis (1976) George Lucas/ Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1977) Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1978) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(1979) Irvin Kershner
Irvin Kershner
(1980) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1981) Nicholas Meyer
Nicholas Meyer
(1982) John Badham (1983) Joe Dante
Joe Dante
(1984) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1985) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1986) Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
(1987) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1988) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1989/90) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1991) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1994) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(1995) Roland Emmerich
Roland Emmerich
(1996) John Woo
John Woo
(1997) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(1998) Andy Wachowski and Larry Wachowski (1999) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi
(2004) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2005) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2006) Zack Snyder
Zack Snyder
(2007) Jon Favreau
Jon Favreau
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2011) Joss Whedon
Joss Whedon
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) James Gunn
James Gunn
(2014) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2015) Gareth Edwards (2016)

v t e

Saturn Award
Saturn Award
for Best Writing

William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Ib Melchior/ Harlan Ellison
Harlan Ellison
(1974/75) Jimmy Sangster
Jimmy Sangster
(1976) George Lucas
George Lucas
(1977) Elaine May
Elaine May
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1978) Nicholas Meyer
Nicholas Meyer
(1979) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1980) Lawrence Kasdan
Lawrence Kasdan
(1981) Melissa Mathison
Melissa Mathison
(1982) Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
(1983) James Cameron
James Cameron
and Gale Anne Hurd
Gale Anne Hurd
(1984) Tom Holland (1985) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1986) Michael Miner and Edward Neumeier
Edward Neumeier
(1987) Gary Ross and Anne Spielberg (1988) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1989/90) Ted Tally (1991) James V. Hart
James V. Hart
(1992) Michael Crichton
Michael Crichton
and David Koepp (1993) Jim Harrison
Jim Harrison
and Wesley Strick
Wesley Strick
(1994) Andrew Kevin Walker (1995) Kevin Williamson (1996) Mike Werb and Michael Colleary (1997) Andrew Niccol
Andrew Niccol
(1998) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(1999) David Hayter
David Hayter
(2000) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2001) Scott Frank and Jon Cohen (2002) Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Alvin Sargent (2004) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
and David S. Goyer
David S. Goyer
(2005) Michael Dougherty
Michael Dougherty
and Dan Harris (2006) Brad Bird
Brad Bird
(2007) Christopher and Jonathan Nolan
Jonathan Nolan
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) Jeff Nichols
Jeff Nichols
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Christopher and Jonathan Nolan
Jonathan Nolan
(2014) Lawrence Kasdan, J. J. Abrams, and Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2015) Eric Heisserer (2016)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 84213729 LCCN: no96017219 ISNI: 0000 0001 0920 2504 GND: 12345395X SELIBR: 271101 SUDOC: 035340061 BNF: cb13182829t (data) BIBSYS: 2087019 MusicBrainz: 1192bf91-25e1-40cb-b823-d4f6c451d262 NDL: 01026213 BN

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