The Info List - Peter Higgs

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Peter Ware Higgs CH FRS FRSE FInstP (born 29 May 1929) is a British theoretical physicist, emeritus professor in the University of Edinburgh,[5][6] and Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureate for his work on the mass of subatomic particles.[7] In the 1960s, he proposed that broken symmetry in electroweak theory could explain the origin of mass of elementary particles in general and of the W and Z bosons
W and Z bosons
in particular. This so-called Higgs mechanism, which was proposed by several physicists besides Higgs at about the same time, predicts the existence of a new particle, the Higgs boson, the detection of which became one of the great goals of physics.[8][9] CERN
announced on 4 July 2012 that they had experimentally established the existence of a Higgs-like boson,[10] but further work would be needed to analyse its properties and see whether it had the properties expected from the Standard Model
Standard Model
Higgs boson.[11] On 14 March 2013, the newly discovered particle was tentatively confirmed to be + parity and zero spin,[12] two fundamental criteria of a Higgs boson, making it the first known fundamental scalar particle to be discovered in nature.[13] The Higgs mechanism is generally accepted as an important ingredient in the Standard Model
Standard Model
of particle physics, without which certain particles would have no mass.[14] Higgs has been honoured with a number of awards in recognition of his work, including the 1981 Hughes Medal
Hughes Medal
from the Royal Society; the 1984 Rutherford Medal from the Institute of Physics; the 1997 Dirac Medal and Prize for outstanding contributions to theoretical physics from the Institute of Physics; the 1997 High Energy and Particle Physics Prize by the European Physical Society; the 2004 Wolf Prize in Physics; the 2009 Oskar Klein Memorial Lecture medal from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; the 2010 American Physical Society
American Physical Society
J. J. Sakurai Prize
Sakurai Prize
for Theoretical Particle Physics; and a unique Higgs Medal from the Royal Society
Royal Society
of Edinburgh
in 2012.[15] The discovery of the Higgs boson
Higgs boson
prompted fellow physicist Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking
to note that he thought that Higgs should receive the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Physics for his work,[16][17] which he finally did, shared with François Englert in 2013.[18] Higgs was appointed to the Order of the Companions of Honour in the 2013 New Year Honours[19][20] and in 2015 the Royal Society
Royal Society
awarded him the Copley Medal, the world's oldest scientific prize.[21]


1 Early life and education 2 Career and research 3 Awards and honours

3.1 Civic Awards 3.2 Higgs Centre for Theoretical Physics 3.3 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Physics 3.4 Companion of Honour 3.5 Honorary Degrees

4 Personal life and political views 5 References 6 External links

Early life and education[edit] Higgs was born in the Elswick district of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, to Thomas Ware Higgs (1898 Bristol-1962) and his wife Gertrude Maude née Coghill (1895 Shropshire-1969).[15][22][23][24][25] His father worked as a sound engineer for the BBC, and as a result of childhood asthma, together with the family moving around because of his father's job and later World War II, Higgs missed some early schooling and was taught at home. When his father relocated to Bedford, Higgs stayed behind with his mother in Bristol, and was largely raised there. He attended Cotham Grammar School
Cotham Grammar School
in Bristol
from 1941–46,[15][26] where he was inspired by the work of one of the school's alumni, Paul Dirac, a founder of the field of quantum mechanics.[24] In 1946, at the age of 17, Higgs moved to City of London School, where he specialised in mathematics, then in 1947 to King's College London where he graduated with a first class honours degree in Physics in 1950 and achieved a master's degree in 1952. He was awarded an 1851 Research Fellowship from the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851,[27] and performed his doctoral research in molecular physics under the supervision of Charles Coulson and Christopher Longuet-Higgins.[2] He was awarded a PhD degree in 1954 with a thesis entitled Some problems in the theory of molecular vibrations.[2][15][28] Career and research[edit] After finishing his doctorate, Higgs was appointed a Senior Research Fellow at the University of Edinburgh
(1954–56). He then held various posts at Imperial College London, and University College London (where he also became a temporary lecturer in Mathematics). He returned to the University of Edinburgh
in 1960 to take up the post of Lecturer at the Tait Institute of Mathematical Physics, allowing him to settle in the city he had enjoyed while hitchhiking to the Western Highlands as a student in 1949.[29][30] He was promoted to Reader, became a Fellow of the Fellow of the Royal Society
Fellow of the Royal Society
of Edinburgh
(FRSE) in 1974 and was promoted to a Personal Chair of Theoretical Physics in 1980. He retired in 1996 and became Emeritus professor at the University of Edinburgh.[5] Higgs was elected Fellow of the Royal Society
Fellow of the Royal Society
(FRS) in 1983 and Fellow of the Institute of Physics
Institute of Physics
(FInstP) in 1991. He was awarded the Rutherford Medal and Prize in 1984. He received an honorary degree from the University of Bristol
in 1997. In 2008 he received an Honorary Fellowship from Swansea University
Swansea University
for his work in particle physics.[31] At Edinburgh
Higgs first became interested in mass, developing the idea that particles – massless when the universe began – acquired mass a fraction of a second later as a result of interacting with a theoretical field (which became known as the Higgs field). Higgs postulated that this field permeates space, giving mass to all elementary subatomic particles that interact with it.[24][32] The Higgs mechanism
Higgs mechanism
postulates the existence of the Higgs field
Higgs field
which confers mass on quarks and leptons.[33] However this causes only a tiny portion of the masses of other subatomic particles, such as protons and neutrons. In these, gluons that bind quarks together confer most of the particle mass. The original basis of Higgs' work came from the Japanese-born theorist and Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureate Yoichiro Nambu
Yoichiro Nambu
from the University of Chicago. Professor Nambu had proposed a theory known as spontaneous symmetry breaking based on what was known to happen in superconductivity in condensed matter; however, the theory predicted massless particles (the Goldstone's theorem), a clearly incorrect prediction.[5] Higgs is reported to have developed the basic fundamentals of his theory after returning to his Edinburgh
New Town apartment from a failed weekend camping trip to the Highlands,.[34][35][36] He stated that there was no "eureka moment" in the development of the theory.[37] He wrote a short paper exploiting a loophole in Goldstone's theorem (massless Goldstone particles need not occur when local symmetry is spontaneously broken in a relativistic theory[38]) and published it in Physics Letters, a European physics journal edited at CERN, in Switzerland, in 1964.[39] Higgs wrote a second paper describing a theoretical model (now called the Higgs mechanism), but the paper was rejected (the editors of Physics Letters judged it "of no obvious relevance to physics"[24]). Higgs wrote an extra paragraph and sent his paper to Physical Review Letters, another leading physics journal, which published it later in 1964. This paper predicted a new massive spin-zero boson (now known as the Higgs Boson).[38][40] Other physicists, Robert Brout
Robert Brout
and Francois Englert[41] and Gerald Guralnik, C. R. Hagen
C. R. Hagen
and Tom Kibble[42] had reached similar conclusions about the same time. In the published version Higgs quotes Brout and Englert and the third paper quotes the previous ones. The three papers written on this boson discovery by Higgs, Guralnik, Hagen, Kibble, Brout, and Englert were each recognized as milestone papers by Physical Review Letters 50th anniversary celebration.[43] While each of these famous papers took similar approaches, the contributions and differences between the 1964 PRL symmetry breaking papers are noteworthy. The mechanism had been proposed in 1962 by Philip Anderson although he did not include a crucial relativistic model.[38][44] On 4 July 2012, CERN
announced the ATLAS and Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiments had seen strong indications for the presence of a new particle, which could be the Higgs boson, in the mass region around 126 gigaelectronvolts (GeV).[45] Speaking at the seminar in Geneva, Higgs commented "It's really an incredible thing that it's happened in my lifetime."[10] Ironically, this probable confirmation of the Higgs Boson
Higgs Boson
was made at the same place where the editor of Physics Letters rejected Higgs' paper.[5] Awards and honours[edit] Higgs has received numerous accolades including: Civic Awards[edit] Higgs was the recipient of the Edinburgh
Award for 2011. He is the fifth person to receive the Award, which was established in 2007 by the City of Edinburgh
Council to honour an outstanding individual who has made a positive impact on the city and gained national and international recognition for Edinburgh.[46] Higgs was presented with an engraved loving cup by the Rt Hon George Grubb, Lord Provost of Edinburgh, in a ceremony held at the City Chambers on Friday 24 February 2012. The event also marked the unveiling of his handprints in the City Chambers quadrangle, where they had been engraved in Caithness stone alongside those of previous Edinburgh
Award recipients.[47][48][49] Prof Higgs was awarded with the Freedom of the City of Bristol
in July 2013. In April 2014, he was also awarded the Freedom of the City of Newcastle upon Tyne. He was also honoured with a brass plaque installed on the Newcastle Quayside as part of the Newcastle Gateshead Initiative Local Heroes Walk of Fame. Higgs Centre for Theoretical Physics[edit] On 6 July 2012, Edinburgh
University announced a new centre named after Professor Higgs to support future research in theoretical physics. The Higgs Centre for Theoretical Physics[50] brings together scientists from around the world to seek "a deeper understanding of how the universe works". The centre is currently based within the James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell
Building, home of the University's School of Physics and Astronomy and the iGEM 2015 team (ClassAfiED). The university has also established a chair of theoretical physics in the name of Peter Higgs.[51] [52] Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Physics[edit] On 8 October 2013, it was announced that Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
and François Englert would share the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics
Nobel Prize in Physics
"for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles", and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider".[53] Higgs admits he had gone out to avoid the media attention[54] so he was informed he had been awarded the prize by an ex-neighbour on his way home, since he did not have a mobile phone.[55][56] Companion of Honour[edit] Higgs turned down a knighthood in 1999, but in 2012 he accepted membership of The Order of the Companion of Honour.[57][58] A Guardian interview with the physicist later stated that he only accepted the order because he was wrongly assured that the award was the gift of the Queen alone. He also expressed cynicism towards the honours system, and the way the system "is used for political purposes by the government in power". The order confers no title or precedence, but recipients of the order are entitled to use the post-nominal letters CH. In the same interview he also stated that when people ask what the CH after his name stands for, he replies "it means I'm an honorary Swiss."[59] He received the order from the Queen at an investiture at Holyrood House
Holyrood House
on 1 July 2014.[60] Honorary Degrees[edit]

Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
portrait by Lucinda Mackay hanging at James Clerk Maxwell Foundation

Higgs has been awarded honorary degrees from the following institutions:

DSc University of Bristol
1997[61] DSc University of Edinburgh
1998[61] DSc University of Glasgow
University of Glasgow
2002[61] DSc Swansea University
Swansea University
2008[61] DSc King's College London
King's College London
2009[61] DSc University College London
University College London
2010[61] DSc University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge
2012[61] DSc Heriot-Watt University
Heriot-Watt University
2012[61] PhD SISSA, Trieste 2013[61] DSc University of Durham
University of Durham
2013[61] DSc University of Manchester
University of Manchester
2013[61] DSc University of St Andrews
University of St Andrews
2014[61] DSc Free University of Brussels
Free University of Brussels
(ULB) 2014[61] DSc University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
2015[61] DSc Queen's University Belfast
Queen's University Belfast

A portrait of Higgs was painted by Ken Currie
Ken Currie
in 2008.[62] Commissioned by the University of Edinburgh,[63] it was unveiled on 3 April 2009[64] and hangs in the entrance of the James Clerk Maxwell Building of the School of Physics and Astronomy and the School of Mathematics.[62] A large portrait by Lucinda Mackay is in the collection of the Scottish National Portrait Gallery
Scottish National Portrait Gallery
in Edinburgh. Another portrait of Higgs by the same artist hangs in the birthplace of James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell
in Edinburgh, Higgs is the Honorary Patron of the James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell
Foundation. Personal life and political views[edit] Higgs married Jody Williamson, a fellow activist with the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) in 1963. Their first son was born in August 1965.[65] Higgs's family includes two sons: Chris, a computer scientist, and Jonny, a jazz musician.[66] He has two grandchildren. The entire family lives in Edinburgh.[48] Higgs was an activist in the CND while in London and later in Edinburgh, but resigned his membership when the group extended its remit from campaigning against nuclear weapons to campaigning against nuclear power too.[24][67] He was a Greenpeace
member until the group opposed genetically modified organisms.[67] Higgs was awarded the 2004 Wolf Prize in Physics
Wolf Prize in Physics
(sharing it with Brout and Englert), but he refused to fly to Jerusalem to receive the award because it was a state occasion attended by the then president of Israel, Moshe Katsav, and Higgs is opposed to Israel's actions in Palestine.[68] Higgs was actively involved in the Edinburgh
University branch of the Association of University Teachers, through which he agitated for greater staff involvement in the management of the physics department.[59] Higgs is an atheist.[69] He has described Richard Dawkins
Richard Dawkins
as having adopted a "fundamentalist" view of non-atheists.[70] Higgs expressed later that he was displeased that the Higgs particle is nicknamed the "God particle",[71] as he believes the term "might offend people who are religious".[66] Usually this nickname for the Higgs boson
Higgs boson
is attributed to Leon Lederman, the author of the book The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question?, but the name is the result of the suggestion of Lederman's publisher: Lederman had originally intended to refer to it as the "goddamn particle".[72] References[edit]

^ "Peter Higgs: a truly British scientist". Retrieved 6 October 2016.  ^ a b c d Higgs, Peter Ware (1954). Some problems in the theory of molecular vibrations. ethos.bl.uk (PhD thesis). King's College London (University of London). OCLC 731205676. EThOS uk.bl.ethos.572829.  ^ a b Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
at the Mathematics Genealogy Project ^ "Peter Ware Higgs CH DSc PhD MSc BSc FRS FRSE FInstP". ph.ed.ac.uk. initially under the supervision of Charles Coulson and, subsequently, Christopher Longuet-Higgins  ^ a b c d Griggs, Jessica (Summer 2008) The Missing Piece Edit the University of Edinburgh
Alumni Magazine, p. 17 ^ Overbye, Dennis (15 September 2014). "A Discoverer as Elusive as His Particle". New York Times. Retrieved 15 September 2014.  ^ Overbye, Dennis. A Pioneer as Elusive as His Particle, The New York Times website, 15 September 2014. Also published in print on 16 September 2014, on page D1 of the New York edition. ^ Griffiths, Martin (1 May 2007) physicsworld.com The Tale of the Blog's Boson Retrieved on 27 May 2008 ^ Fermilab Today (16 June 2005) Fermilab Results of the Week. Top Quarks are Higgs' best Friend Retrieved on 27 May 2008 ^ a b "Higgs boson-like particle discovery claimed at LHC". BBC. 4 July 2012.  ^ " CERN
Press Release: CERN
experiments observe particle consistent with long-sought Higgs boson". Cdsweb.cern.ch. Retrieved 5 July 2012.  ^ Pralavorio, Corinne (14 March 2013). "New results indicate that new particle is a Higgs boson". CERN. Retrieved 14 March 2013.  ^ Naik, Gautam (14 March 2013). "New Data Boosts Case for Higgs Boson Find". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 15 March 2013. "We've never seen an elementary particle with spin zero", stated Tony Weidberg, a particle physicist at the University of Oxford who is also involved in the CERN
experiments  ^ Rincon, Paul (10 March 2004) Fermilab 'God Particle' may have been seen Retrieved on 27 May 2008 ^ a b c d Staff (29 November 2012) Peter Higgs: Curriculum Vitae The University of Edinburgh, School of Physics and Astronomy, Retrieved 9 January 2012 ^ " Higgs boson
Higgs boson
breakthrough should earn physicist behind search Nobel Prize: Stephen Hawking". National Press. Retrieved 5 July 2012.  ^ Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking
on Higgs: 'Discovery has lost me $100'. BBC. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ Amos, Jonathan (8 October 2013) Higgs: Five decades of noble endeavour BBC News Science and Environment; retrieved 8 October 2013 ^ "No. 60367". The London Gazette
The London Gazette
(Supplement). 29 December 2012. p. 28.  ^ Rincon, Paul (28 December 2012). "Peter Higgs: honour for physicist who proposed particle". BBC News website. Retrieved 29 December 2012.  ^ "Prof Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
wins the Royal Society's Copley Medal". BBC News. 20 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.  ^ GRO Register of Births: Peter W Higgs, JUN 1929 10b 72 NEWCASTLE T., mmn = Coghill ^ GRO Register of Marriages: Thomas W Higgs = Gertrude M Coghill, SEP 1924 6a 197 BRISTOL ^ a b c d e Sample, Ian. "The god of small things", The Guardian, 17 November 2007, weekend section. ^ Macdonald, Kenneth (10 April 2013) Peter Higgs: Behind the scenes at the Universe. BBC. ^ The Cotham Grammar School, a High-Performing Specialist Co-operative Academy The Dirac-Higgs Science Centre Archived 23 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 10 January 2013 ^ 1851 Royal Commission Archives ^ King's College London. "Professor Peter Higgs". Retrieved 8 October 2013.  ^ Mackenzie, Kate (2012) "It Was Worth The Wait" The Interview, The University of Edinburgh
Alumni Magazine, Winter 2012/13 ^ Professor Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
broadcast footage. University of Edinburgh. 2012. Event occurs at 2:00.  ^ " Swansea University
Swansea University
Honorary Fellowship". Swansea University. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2011.  ^ "Higgs particle", Encyclopædia Britannica, 2007. ^ Rajasekaran, G. (2012). "Standard model, Higgs Boson
Higgs Boson
and what next?". Resonance. 17 (10): 956–973. doi:10.1007/s12045-012-0110-z.  ^ Martin, Victoria (14 December 2011) Soon we’ll be able to pinpoint that particle The Scotsman, Retrieved 10 January 2013 ^ Collins, Nick (4 July 2012) Higgs boson: Prof Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking
loses $100 bet The Telegraph. London, Retrieved 10 January 2013 ^ Staff (4 July 2012) Scientists discover 'God' particle The Herald. Glasgow, Retrieved 10 January 2013 ^ "Meeting the Boson Man: Professor Peter Higgs". BBC News. 24 February 2012.  ^ a b c Staff (5 January 2012) Brief History of the Higgs Mechanism The Edinburgh
University School of Physics and Astronomy, Retrieved 10 January 2013 ^ Higgs, P. W. (1964). "Broken symmetries, massless particles and gauge fields". Physics Letters. 12 (2): 132–201. Bibcode:1964PhL....12..132H. doi:10.1016/0031-9163(64)91136-9.  ^ Higgs, P. (1964). "Broken Symmetries and the Masses of Gauge Bosons". Physical Review Letters. 13 (16): 508. Bibcode:1964PhRvL..13..508H. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.13.508.  ^ Englert, F.; Brout, R. (1964). "Broken Symmetry and the Mass
of Gauge Vector Mesons". Physical Review Letters. 13 (9): 321. Bibcode:1964PhRvL..13..321E. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.13.321.  ^ Guralnik, G.; Hagen, C.; Kibble, T. (1964). "Global Conservation Laws and Massless Particles". Physical Review Letters. 13 (20): 585. Bibcode:1964PhRvL..13..585G. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.13.585.  ^ " Physical Review Letters – 50th Anniversary Milestone Papers". Prl.aps.org. Retrieved 5 July 2012.  ^ Anderson, P. (1963). "Plasmons, Gauge Invariance, and Mass". Physical Review. 130: 439. Bibcode:1963PhRv..130..439A. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.130.439.  ^ "Higgs within reach". CERN. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ "The Edinburgh
Award". The City of Edinburgh
Council. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.  ^ "Acclaimed physicist presented with Edinburgh
Award". The City of Edinburgh
Council. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.  ^ a b "'They'll find the God particle by summer.' And Peter Higgs should know". The Scotsman. 25 February 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.  ^ "Higgs: Edinburgh
Award is a great surprise". BBC. 24 February 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.  ^ "Higgs Centre for Theoretical Physics". The University of Edinburgh.  ^ "Prof Higgs: nice to be right about boson". The Guardian. London. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ "University to support new physics research". The University of Edinburgh. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ "Press release from Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences" (PDF). 8 October 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2013.  ^ Boucle, Anna (18 Feb 2014). "The Life Scientific". BBC RADIO4. Retrieved 20 April 2015.  ^ " Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
was told about Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
by passing motorist".  ^ "Prof Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
did not know he had won Nobel Prize". 11 October 2013 – via www.bbc.co.uk.  ^ " Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
turned down knighthood from Tony Blair". The Scotsman. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2014.  ^ Rincon, Paul (29 December 2012). "Peter Higgs: honour for physicist who proposed particle". BBC News. Retrieved 12 May 2014.  ^ a b Aitkenhead, Decca (6 December 2013). " Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
interview: 'I have this kind of underlying incompetence'". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 May 2014.  ^ Press Association (1 July 2014). "Physicist Higgs honoured by Queen". The Courier. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Peter Higgs: Curriculum Vitae". University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 8 October 2016.  ^ a b "Portrait of Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
by Ken Currie, 2010". The Tait Institute. Retrieved 28 April 2011.  ^ Wade, Mike. "Portrait of a man at beginning of time". The Times. London. Retrieved 28 April 2011. (subscription required) ^ "Great minds meet at portrait unveiling". The University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 28 April 2011.  ^ Baggot, Jim (2012). Higgs The invention and discovery of the 'God Particle' (First ed.). Fountaindale Public Library: Oxford University Press. pp. 90–91. ISBN 978-0-19-960349-7.  ^ a b "Interview: the man behind the 'God particle'", New Scientist
New Scientist
13 Sep 2008, pp. 44–5 (subscription required) ^ a b Highfield, Roger (7 April 2008). "Prof Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
profile". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 15 October 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2011.  ^ Rodgers, Peter (1 September 2004). "The heart of the matter". The Independent. London. Retrieved 16 May 2011.  ^ Sample, Ian (17 November 2007). "The god of small things". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 21 March 2013. The name has stuck, but makes Higgs wince and raises the hackles of other theorists. "I wish he hadn't done it," he says. "I have to explain to people it was a joke. I'm an atheist, but I have an uneasy feeling that playing around with names like that could be unnecessarily offensive to people who are religious."  ^ Farndale, Nigel (29 December 2012). "Has Richard Dawkins
Richard Dawkins
found a worthy opponent at last?". The Daily Telegraph. London.  ^ Key scientist sure "God particle" will be found soon Reuters news story. 7 April 2008. ^ Randerson, James (30 June 2008). "Father of the 'God Particle'". The Guardian. London. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutPeter Higgsat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote

Google Scholar List of Papers by PW Higgs BBC profile of Peter Higgs The god of small things – An interview with Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
in The Guardian My Life as a Boson – A Lecture by Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
available in various formats Physical Review Letters – 50th Anniversary Milestone Papers In CERN
Courier, Steven Weinberg
Steven Weinberg
reflects on spontaneous symmetry breaking Physics World, Introducing the little Higgs Englert-Brout-Higgs-Guralnik-Hagen-Kibble Mechanism on Scholarpedia History of Englert-Brout-Higgs-Guralnik-Hagen-Kibble Mechanism on Scholarpedia Sakurai Prize
Sakurai Prize
Videos «I wish they hadn't dubbed it "The God Particle"» Interview with Peter Higgs Peter Higgs: I wouldn't be productive enough for today's academic system


Preceded by Serge Haroche David J. Wineland Nobel Prize in Physics
Nobel Prize in Physics
laureate 2013 With: François Englert Succeeded by Isamu Akasaki Hiroshi Amano Shuji Nakamura

v t e

2013 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize


Martin Karplus
Martin Karplus
(United States and Austria) Michael Levitt
Michael Levitt
(United States, United Kingdom and Israel) Arieh Warshel
Arieh Warshel
(United States and Israel)


Alice Munro (Canada)


Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons


François Englert
François Englert
(Belgium) Peter W. Higgs (United Kingdom)

Physiology or Medicine

James E. Rothman (United States) Randy W. Schekman (United States) Thomas C. Südhof
Thomas C. Südhof
(United States)

Economic Sciences

Eugene Fama
Eugene Fama
(United States) Lars Peter Hansen
Lars Peter Hansen
(United States) Robert J. Shiller
Robert J. Shiller
(United States)

Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
recipients 1990 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 2000 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

v t e

Laureates of the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Physics


1901 Röntgen 1902 Lorentz / Zeeman 1903 Becquerel / P. Curie / M. Curie 1904 Rayleigh 1905 Lenard 1906 J. J. Thomson 1907 Michelson 1908 Lippmann 1909 Marconi / Braun 1910 Van der Waals 1911 Wien 1912 Dalén 1913 Kamerlingh Onnes 1914 Laue 1915 W. L. Bragg / W. H. Bragg 1916 1917 Barkla 1918 Planck 1919 Stark 1920 Guillaume 1921 Einstein 1922 N. Bohr 1923 Millikan 1924 M. Siegbahn 1925 Franck / Hertz


1926 Perrin 1927 Compton / C. Wilson 1928 O. Richardson 1929 De Broglie 1930 Raman 1931 1932 Heisenberg 1933 Schrödinger / Dirac 1934 1935 Chadwick 1936 Hess / C. D. Anderson 1937 Davisson / G. P. Thomson 1938 Fermi 1939 Lawrence 1940 1941 1942 1943 Stern 1944 Rabi 1945 Pauli 1946 Bridgman 1947 Appleton 1948 Blackett 1949 Yukawa 1950 Powell


1951 Cockcroft / Walton 1952 Bloch / Purcell 1953 Zernike 1954 Born / Bothe 1955 Lamb / Kusch 1956 Shockley / Bardeen / Brattain 1957 C. N. Yang / T. D. Lee 1958 Cherenkov / Frank / Tamm 1959 Segrè / Chamberlain 1960 Glaser 1961 Hofstadter / Mössbauer 1962 Landau 1963 Wigner / Goeppert-Mayer / Jensen 1964 Townes / Basov / Prokhorov 1965 Tomonaga / Schwinger / Feynman 1966 Kastler 1967 Bethe 1968 Alvarez 1969 Gell-Mann 1970 Alfvén / Néel 1971 Gabor 1972 Bardeen / Cooper / Schrieffer 1973 Esaki / Giaever / Josephson 1974 Ryle / Hewish 1975 A. Bohr / Mottelson / Rainwater


1976 Richter / Ting 1977 P. W. Anderson / Mott / Van Vleck 1978 Kapitsa / Penzias / R. Wilson 1979 Glashow / Salam / Weinberg 1980 Cronin / Fitch 1981 Bloembergen / Schawlow / K. Siegbahn 1982 K. Wilson 1983 Chandrasekhar / Fowler 1984 Rubbia / Van der Meer 1985 von Klitzing 1986 Ruska / Binnig / Rohrer 1987 Bednorz / Müller 1988 Lederman / Schwartz / Steinberger 1989 Ramsey / Dehmelt / Paul 1990 Friedman / Kendall / R. Taylor 1991 de Gennes 1992 Charpak 1993 Hulse / J. Taylor 1994 Brockhouse / Shull 1995 Perl / Reines 1996 D. Lee / Osheroff / R. Richardson 1997 Chu / Cohen-Tannoudji / Phillips 1998 Laughlin / Störmer / Tsui 1999 't Hooft / Veltman 2000 Alferov / Kroemer / Kilby

2001– present

2001 Cornell / Ketterle / Wieman 2002 Davis / Koshiba / Giacconi 2003 Abrikosov / Ginzburg / Leggett 2004 Gross / Politzer / Wilczek 2005 Glauber / Hall / Hänsch 2006 Mather / Smoot 2007 Fert / Grünberg 2008 Nambu / Kobayashi / Maskawa 2009 Kao / Boyle / Smith 2010 Geim / Novoselov 2011 Perlmutter / Riess / Schmidt 2012 Wineland / Haroche 2013 Englert / Higgs 2014 Akasaki / Amano / Nakamura 2015 Kajita / McDonald 2016 Thouless / Haldane / Kosterlitz 2017 Weiss / Barish / Thorne

v t e

Laureates of the Wolf Prize in Physics


Chien-Shiung Wu
Chien-Shiung Wu
(1978) George Uhlenbeck / Giuseppe Occhialini
Giuseppe Occhialini


Michael Fisher / Leo Kadanoff
Leo Kadanoff
/ Kenneth G. Wilson (1980) Freeman Dyson
Freeman Dyson
/ Gerardus 't Hooft / Victor Weisskopf (1981) Leon M. Lederman
Leon M. Lederman
/ Martin Lewis Perl (1982) Erwin Hahn / Peter Hirsch / Theodore Maiman
Theodore Maiman
(1983–84) Conyers Herring / Philippe Nozières (1984–85) Mitchell Feigenbaum
Mitchell Feigenbaum
/ Albert J. Libchaber (1986) Herbert Friedman / Bruno Rossi
Bruno Rossi
/ Riccardo Giacconi
Riccardo Giacconi
(1987) Roger Penrose
Roger Penrose
/ Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking


Pierre-Gilles de Gennes / David J. Thouless
David J. Thouless
(1990) Maurice Goldhaber
Maurice Goldhaber
/ Valentine Telegdi (1991) Joseph H. Taylor Jr. (1992) Benoît Mandelbrot (1993) Vitaly Ginzburg
Vitaly Ginzburg
/ Yoichiro Nambu
Yoichiro Nambu
(1994–95) John Wheeler (1996–97) Yakir Aharonov
Yakir Aharonov
/ Michael Berry (1998) Dan Shechtman
Dan Shechtman


Raymond Davis Jr.
Raymond Davis Jr.
/ Masatoshi Koshiba
Masatoshi Koshiba
(2000) Bertrand Halperin
Bertrand Halperin
/ Anthony Leggett (2002–03) Robert Brout
Robert Brout
/ François Englert
François Englert
/ Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
(2004) Daniel Kleppner (2005) Albert Fert
Albert Fert
/ Peter Grünberg
Peter Grünberg


John F. Clauser / Alain Aspect
Alain Aspect
/ Anton Zeilinger
Anton Zeilinger
(2010) Maximilian Haider / Harald Rose
Harald Rose
/ Knut Urban (2011) Jacob Bekenstein
Jacob Bekenstein
(2012) Peter Zoller
Peter Zoller
/ Juan Ignacio Cirac (2013) James D. Bjorken / Robert P. Kirshner (2015) Yoseph Imry
Yoseph Imry
(2016) Michel Mayor
Michel Mayor
/ Didier Queloz
Didier Queloz
(2017) Charles H. Bennett / Gilles Brassard (2018)

Agriculture Arts Chemistry Mathematics Medicine Physics

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Copley Medallists (2001–present)

Jacques Miller (2001) John Pople (2002) John Gurdon
John Gurdon
(2003) Harry Kroto
Harry Kroto
(2004) Paul Nurse
Paul Nurse
(2005) Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking
(2006) Robert May (2007) Roger Penrose
Roger Penrose
(2008) Martin Evans
Martin Evans
(2009) David Cox / Tomas Lindahl
Tomas Lindahl
(2010) Dan McKenzie (2011) John E. Walker (2012) Andre Geim
Andre Geim
(2013) Alec Jeffreys
Alec Jeffreys
(2014) Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
(2015) Richard Henderson (2016) Andrew Wiles
Andrew Wiles

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Fellows of the Royal Society
Royal Society
elected in 1983


Martin Aitken David Attenborough Patrick Bateson Edward Cocking Sivaramakrishna Chandrasekhar Pierre Deslongchamps William Douglas R. John Ellis Malcolm Ferguson-Smith Alan Fersht William Alexander Gambling Ian Graham Gass Ian Gibbons George Gray Ray Guillery Richard Henderson Peter Higgs Christopher Hooley Anthony James Peter Lawrence John Lawson George Lusztig C David Marsden Donald Metcalf Keith O'Nions Ted Paige Michael Pepper Michael J. D. Powell Philip Randle Ivan Roitt Alan Sargeson Dennis Sciama Ian Sneddon Edwin Southern Brian Spalding Nigel Unwin Ian Ward Felix Weinberg Charles Weissmann John Westcott Dudley Williams

Statute 12

Margaret Thatcher


 Anatole Abragam  G. Evelyn Hutchinson  Jean Leray  Henry Stommel  Frank Westheimer

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 159866219 LCCN: no2010189476 ISNI: 0000 0001 0713 2514 GND: 1140653059 SUDOC: 170001660 BIBSYS: 13005286 MGP: 35098