HOME
The Info List - Peter Brook





Peter Stephen Paul Brook, CH, CBE (born 21 March 1925) is an English theatre and film director who has been based in France since the early 1970s. He has won multiple Tony and Emmy Awards, a Laurence Olivier Award, the Praemium Imperiale, and the Prix Italia. He has been called "our greatest living theatre director".[1] With the Royal Shakespeare Company, Brook directed the first English language production of Marat/Sade
Marat/Sade
in 1964. It transferred to Broadway in 1965 and won the Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Play, and Brook was named Best Director.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Influences 2.2 Collaborators 2.3 Shakespeare 2.4 The Mahabharata 2.5 Tierno Bokar

3 Personal life 4 Work

4.1 Works with RSC 4.2 Other major productions 4.3 Filmography

5 Awards 6 Honours 7 Bibliography 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Early life[edit] Brook was born in the Turnham Green
Turnham Green
area of Chiswick, London, the second son of Simon Brook and his wife Ida (Jansen), both Jewish immigrants from Latvia.[2][3] The family home was at 27 Fairfax Road, Turnham Green.[3] His elder brother was the psychiatrist and psychotherapist Alexis Brook (1920-2007).[4] His first cousin was Valentin Pluchek, chief director of the Moscow Satire Theatre.[5] Brook was educated at Westminster School, Gresham's School, and Magdalen College, Oxford. Career[edit]

Bouffes du Nord theatre, Paris

He directed Dr Faustus, his first production, in 1943 at the Torch Theatre in London, followed at the Chanticleer Theatre in 1945 with a revival of The Infernal Machine. In 1947, he went to Stratford-upon-Avon
Stratford-upon-Avon
as assistant director on Romeo and Juliet
Romeo and Juliet
and Love's Labour's Lost. From 1947 to 1950, he was Director of Productions at the Royal Opera House
Royal Opera House
in London. His work there included a highly controversial staging of Strauss's Salome with sets by Salvador Dalí, and an effective re-staging of Puccini's La Boheme using sets dating from 1899. A proliferation of stage and screen work as producer and director followed. Dark of the Moon by Howard Richardson (1948–49), at the Ambassadors Theatre, London, was a much early admired production. In 1970, with Micheline Rozan, Brook founded the International Centre for Theatre Research, a multinational company of actors, dancers, musicians and others which travelled widely in the Middle East and Africa in the early 1970s. It has been based in Paris at the Bouffes du Nord theatre since 1974.[6] He announced in 2008 that he would resign as artistic director of Bouffes du Nord, beginning that year a three-year handover to Olivier Mantei
Olivier Mantei
and Olivier Poubelle.[7] Influences[edit] Brook has been influenced by the work of Antonin Artaud
Antonin Artaud
and his ideas for his Theatre of Cruelty.[citation needed]

In England, Peter Brook
Peter Brook
and Charles Marowitz undertook The Theatre of Cruelty Season (1964) at the Royal Shakespeare Company, aiming to explore ways in which Artaud's ideas could be used to find new forms of expression and retrain the performer. The result was a showing of 'works in progress' made up of improvisations and sketches, one of which was the premier of Artaud's The Spurt of Blood.

– Lee Jamieson, Antonin Artaud: From Theory to Practice, Greenwich Exchange, 2007

His greatest influence, however, was Joan Littlewood. Brook described her as "the most galvanising director in mid-20th century Britain". Brook's work is also inspired by the theories of experimental theatre of Jerzy Grotowski,[8] Bertolt Brecht, Chris Covics and Vsevolod Meyerhold and by the works of G. I. Gurdjieff,[9] Edward Gordon Craig,[10] and Matila Ghyka.[11] Collaborators[edit] Brook has collaborated with a range of directors, writers and actors during his career, notable examples include actors Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
and Glenda Jackson; designer Georges Wakhévitch, and writers Ted Hughes and William Golding. Brook first encountered Wakhévitch in London when he saw the production of Jean Cocteau's ballet Le Jeune Homme et la Mort which Wakhévitch designed. Brook declared that he "was convinced that this was the designer for whom I had been waiting".[12] Shakespeare[edit]

A Midsummer Night's Dream
A Midsummer Night's Dream
with John Kane (Puck), Frances de la Tour (Helena), Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(Demetrius) and Patrick Stewart
Patrick Stewart
(Snout) 1970 Hamlet
Hamlet
Prince of Denmark with Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(Hamlet), Alec Clunes (Claudius), Diana Wynyard
Diana Wynyard
(Gertrude), Mary Ure
Mary Ure
(Ophelia), Ernest Thesiger (Polonius), Richard Johnson (Laertes), Michael David (Horatio), Richard Pasco (Fortinbras) (plus 27 others) 1955 The Tragedy of Hamlet
Hamlet
with Adrian Lester (Hamlet), Jeffery Kissoon (Claudius / Ghost), Natasha Parry (Gertrude), Shantala Shivalingappa (Ophelia), Bruce Myers (Polonius), Rohan Siva ( Laertes / Guildenstern), Scott Handy (Horatio) Yoshi Oida (Player King / Rosencrantz) 2000The Tragedy of Hamlet
Hamlet
(TV film) 2002 King John, Paul Shelving (designer) the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, 1945 King Lear
King Lear
with Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(RSC) 1962 King Lear
King Lear
(film) 1971 Love is my sin, sonnets by William Shakespeare, 2009 Measure for Measure
Measure for Measure
with John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(Shakespeare Memorial Theatre) 1950 Mésure pour mésure, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord, 1978 Mésure pour mésure, (film) 1979 La Tempête by William Shakespeare, adaptation Jean-Claude Carrière, with Sotigui Kouyaté, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord,1990 Timon d'Athènes, adaptation Jean-Claude Carrière, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord 1974 Titus Andronicus
Titus Andronicus
with Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(Shakespeare Memorial Theatre)1955 and 1958 Warum warum by Peter Brook
Peter Brook
et Marie-Hélène Estienne
Marie-Hélène Estienne
after Antonin Artaud, Edward Gordon Craig, Charles Dullin, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Motokiyo Zeami and William Shakespeare, 2010 The Winter's Tale
The Winter's Tale
with John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(Shakespeare Memorial Theatre) 1952

The Mahabharata[edit] Main article: Le Mahabharata
Mahabharata
(1985 stage play) In the mid-1970s,[13] Brook, with writer Jean-Claude Carrière, began work on adapting the Indian epic poem the Mahābhārata
Mahābhārata
into a stage play which was first performed in 1985[14] and then later into a televised mini series. In a long article in 1985, The New York Times
The New York Times
noted "overwhelming critical acclaim", and that the play "did nothing less than attempt to transform Hindu myth into universalized art, accessible to any culture".[15] However, many postcololonial scholars have challenged the claim to universalism, accusing the play of orientalism. For instance, Gautam Dasgupta writes that, "Brook's Mahabharata
Mahabharata
falls short of the essential Indianness of the epic by staging predominantly its major incidents and failing to adequately emphasize its coterminous philosophical precepts."[16] In 2015 Brook returned to the world of Mahabharata
Mahabharata
with a new Young Vic production, Battlefield in collaboration with Jean-Claude Carrière and Marie-Hélène Estienne. Tierno Bokar[edit] In 2005 Brook directed Tierno Bokar, based on the life of the Malian sufi of the same name. The play was adapted for the stage by Marie-Hélène Estienne
Marie-Hélène Estienne
from a book by Amadou Hampate Ba
Amadou Hampate Ba
(translated into English as A Spirit of Tolerance: The Inspiring Life of Tierno Bokar). The book and play detail Bokar's life and message of religious tolerance. Columbia University
Columbia University
produced 44 related events, lectures, and workshops that were attended by over 3,200 people throughout the run of Tierno Bokar. Panel discussions focused on topics of religious tolerance and Muslim
Muslim
tradition in West Africa.[17] Personal life[edit] In 1951, Brook married actress Natasha Parry. They had two children: Irina, an actress and director, and Simon, a director. Parry died in July 2015, aged 84.[18] Work[edit] Works with RSC[edit]

1946 Love's Labours Lost
Love's Labours Lost
(Shakespeare Memorial Theatre) 1947 Romeo and Juliet
Romeo and Juliet
(Shakespeare Memorial Theatre) 1950 Measure for Measure
Measure for Measure
with John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(Shakespeare Memorial Theatre) 1952 The Winter's Tale
The Winter's Tale
with John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(Shakespeare Memorial Theatre) 1957 The Tempest
The Tempest
with John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(Shakespeare Memorial Theatre) 1958 Titus Andronicus
Titus Andronicus
with Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(Shakespeare Memorial Theatre) 1962 King Lear
King Lear
with Paul Scofield 1964 Marat/Sade 1968 Oedipus
Oedipus
write by " Seneka" 1966 US, an anti-Vietnam War protest play with The Royal Shakespeare Company, documented in the film Benefit of the Doubt 1970 A Midsummer Night's Dream
A Midsummer Night's Dream
with John Kane (Puck), Frances de la Tour (Helena), Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(Demetrius) and Patrick Stewart
Patrick Stewart
(Snout): see 1970 Royal Shakespeare Company
Royal Shakespeare Company
production of A Midsummer Night's Dream

Other major productions[edit]

1955 : Hamlet
Hamlet
with Paul Scofield 1958 : The Visit with Alfred Lunt
Alfred Lunt
and Lynn Fontanne 1964 : Marat/Sade 1968 : Oedipus
Oedipus
with John Gielgud
John Gielgud
and Irene Worth, adapted by Ted Hughes 1971 : Orghast by Ted Hughes 1974 : Timon d' Athènes, adaptation Jean-Claude Carrière, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord 1975 : The Iks by Colin Turnbull, adaptation Jean-Claude Carrière, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord 1977 : Ubu aux Bouffes after Alfred Jarry, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord 1978 : Mesure pour mesure by William Shakespeare, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord 1979 : La Conférence des oiseaux (The Conference of the Birds) after Farid al-Din Attar, Festival d'Avignon, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord 1979 : L'Os de Mor Lam by Birago Diop, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord 1981 : La Tragédie de Carmen after Prosper Mérimée, Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy, Viviane Beaumont Theater, Lincoln Center, New York 1981 : La Cerisaie by Anton Chekhov, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord 1984 : Tchin-Tchin by François Billetdoux, mise en scène with Maurice Bénichou, with Marcello Mastroianni, Théâtre Montparnasse 1985 : Le Mahabharata
Mahabharata
(The Mahabharata) Festival d'Avignon 1988 : The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov, Majestic Theatre, Brooklyn 1989 : Woza Albert! by Percy Mtawa, Mbongeni Ngema et Barney Simon 1990 : La Tempête by William Shakespeare, adaptation Jean-Claude Carrière, with Sotigui Kouyaté, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord 1992 : Impressions de Pelléas after Claude Debussy, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord 1993 : L'Homme Qui after The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat by Oliver Sacks 1995 : Qui est là after texts by Antonin Artaud, Bertolt Brecht, Edward Gordon Craig, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Konstantin Stanislavski
Konstantin Stanislavski
and Motokiyo Zeami 1995 : Oh les beaux jours by Samuel Beckett 1998 : Je suis un phénomène after prodigieuse mémoire by Alexander Luria 1998 : Don Giovanni
Don Giovanni
by Mozart, création au 50ème Festival International d'Art Lyrique d'Aix-en-Provence 1999 : Le Costume by Can Themba 2000 : Hamlet
Hamlet
by William Shakespeare, with Adrian Lester 2002 : Far Away by Caryl Churchill 2002 : La Mort de Krishna extrait du Mahabharata
Mahabharata
de Vyasa, adaptation Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
and Marie-Hélène Estienne 2003 : Ta main dans la mienne by Carol Rocamora 2004 : Tierno Bokar after Vie et enseignement de Tierno Bokar-Le sage de Bandiagara by Amadou Hampâté Bâ, with Sotigui Kouyaté 2004 : Le Grand Inquisiteur after The Brothers Karamazov
The Brothers Karamazov
by Dostoyevsky 2006 : Sizwe Banzi est mort by Athol Fugard, John Kani
John Kani
and Winston Ntshona, Festival d'Avignon 2008 : Fragments after Samuel Beckett 2009 : Love is my sin sonnets by William Shakespeare 2009 : 11 and 12 after Vie et enseignement de Tierno Bokar-Le Sage de Bandiagara by Amadou Hampâté Bâ 2010 : Warum warum by Peter Brook
Peter Brook
et Marie-Hélène Estienne after Antonin Artaud, Edward Gordon Craig, Charles Dullin, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Motokiyo Zeami and William Shakespeare 2011  : A Magic Flute an adaptation of the opera The Magic Flute by Mozart. Directed with Marie-Hélène Estienne, Composer Franck Krawczyk to positive reviews at the Gerald W. Lynch Theater of John Jay College. 2013 : The Suit after Can Themba's tale. Directed with Marie-Hélène Estienne, Franck Krawczyk. 2015 : Battlefield

Filmography[edit]

1953, The Beggar's Opera 1960, Moderato Cantabile (UK title Seven Days... Seven Nights) 1963, Lord of the Flies 1967, Ride of the Valkyrie 1967, Marat/Sade 1968, Tell Me Lies 1971, King Lear 1979, Meetings with Remarkable Men 1979, Mesure pour mesure 1982, La Cerisaie 1983, La Tragédie de Carmen 1989, The Mahabharata 2002, The Tragedy of Hamlet
Hamlet
(TV)

Awards[edit]

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play for Marat/Sade, 1966[19] Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play for A Midsummer Night's Dream, 1971 Freiherr von Stein Foundation Shakespeare Award, 1973 Grand Prix Dominique, 1975 Brigadier Prize, 1975, for Timon of Athens Society of West End Theatre Award, 1983 Emmy Award, 1984, for La tragédie de Carmen Prix Italia, 1984 Europe Theatre Prize.[20] International Emmy Award, 1990, for The Mahabharata Praemium Imperiale, 1997 Dan David prize, 2005 The Ibsen Award for 2008, first winner of the prize of NOK2.5 mill (approximately £200,000).[21] Critics' Circle Award for Distinguished Service to the Arts 2008

Honours[edit]

Commander of the Order of the British Empire, 1965 Induction into the American Theater Hall of Fame, 1983[22] Honorary DLitt, University of Birmingham, 1990 Honorary Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1991 Honorary DLitt, University of Strathclyde, 1990 Honorary DLitt, University of Oxford, 1994 Officier de l'Ordre de la Légion d'honneur
Légion d'honneur
(France), 1995 Companion of Honour, 1998 Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur
Légion d'honneur
(France), 2013 In 2011, he was awarded the President's Medal by the British Academy.[23]

Bibliography[edit]

Brook, Peter (1968). The Empty Space. Penguin (2008).  Brook, Peter (1988). The Shifting Point. UK: Methuen Drama. ISBN 0-413-61280-5.  Brook, Peter (1991). Le Diable c'est l'ennui.  Brook, Peter (1993). There Are No Secrets. Methuen Drama.  Brook, Peter (1995). The Open Door.  Brook, Peter (1998). Threads of Time: Recollections.  Brook, Peter (1999). Evoking Shakespeare. Nick Hern Books (2nd Ed 2002).  Brook, Peter (2013). The Quality of Mercy: Reflections on Shakespeare. Nick Hern Books (23rd April 2013). ISBN 978-1848422612. 

References[edit]

^ Taylor, Paul (5 September 2008). "Peter Brook: The director who wrote the book". The Independent. Retrieved 20 July 2015.  ^ Aronson, Arnold (25 May 2005). "Peter Brook: A Biography". The New York Times.  ^ a b Michael Kustow (17 October 2013). Peter Brook: A Biography. A&C Black. pp. 5–7. ISBN 978-1-4088-5228-6. Retrieved 20 July 2015.  ^ Wittenberg, Isca (27 September 2007). "Obituary: Alexis Brook". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 July 2015.  ^ " Category Archives: Memorial Plaques to Theater Artists". russianlandmarks. Retrieved 17 November 2015.  ^ Chambers, Colin The Continuum Companion To Twentieth Century Theatre (Continuum, 2002, ISBN 0-8264-4959-X) p. 384 ^ Chrisafis, Angelique (17 December 2008). "Interview: Peter Brook says a long goodbye to his Paris theatre". London: Guardian. Retrieved 29 December 2008.  ^ Brook, Peter (1968). The Empty Space.  ^ Nicolescu, Basarab; Williams, David (1997). " Peter Brook
Peter Brook
and Traditional Thought". Contemporary Theatre Review. Overseas Publishers Association. 7: 11–23. doi:10.1080/10486809708568441.  ^ "Pas de deux" by Michael Holroyd, The Guardian, Saturday 7 March 2009 ^ Gibbons, Fiachra "The prayers of Peter Brook", The Guardian, 17 January 2010. ^ Brook, Peter. Threads of Time: A Memoir. ISBN 0413733009. , 53 ^ Morgenstern, Joe (17 April 1988). "Jean-Claude Pierre; the Mahabharata, the great history of mankind – interview about the stage adaptation". New York Times. Retrieved 6 October 2007.  ^ Carriere, Jean-Claude (September 1989). "Jean-Claude Carriere; the Mahabharata, the great history of mankind – interview about the stage adaptation". UNESCO Courier. Retrieved 6 October 2007.  ^ Arts, Margaret Croyden; Margaret Croyden Is A. Frequent Contributor To The; Section, Leisure (1985-08-25). "PETER BROOK TRANSFORMS AN INDIAN EPIC FOR THE STAGE". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-12-16.  ^ Dasgupta, Gautam (1991). ""The Mahabharata: Peter Brook's Orientalism"". In Marranca, Bonnie; Gautam, Dasgupta. Interculturalism and Performance: Writings from PAJ. New York: PAJ Publications. p. 81.  ^ Columbia University, "Record of Events", tiernobokar.columbia.edu; accessed 19 June 2015. ^ " Natasha Parry obituary". Guardian. 26 July 2015.  ^ "Tony Awards". Retrieved 13 February 2008.  ^ II Europe Theatre Prize / Reasons Europe Theatre Prize ^ "British director wins the Ibsen Prize". Norway.org. Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 21 August 2008.  ^ "Theater Hall of Fame Gets 10 New Members". New York Times. 10 May 1983.  ^ "The British Academy
British Academy
President's Medal". British Academy. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Jamieson, Lee, Antonin Artaud: From Theory to Practice (Greenwich Exchange: London, 2007) Contains practical exercises on Artaud drawn from Brook's Theatre of Cruelty
Theatre of Cruelty
Season at the RSC; ISBN 978-1-871551-98-3 Freeman, John, 'The Greatest Shows on Earth: World Theatre from Peter Brook to the Sydney Olympics'. Libri: Oxford; ISBN 978-1-90747-154-4 Heilpern, John, Conference of the Birds: The Story of Peter Brook
Peter Brook
in Africa, Faber, 1977; ISBN 0-571-10372-3 Hunt, Albert and Geoffrey Reeves. Peter Brook
Peter Brook
(Directors in Perspective). Cambridge University Press. (1995) Kustow, Michael. Peter Brook: A Biography. Bloomsbury. (2005) Moffitt, Dale, Between Two Silences: Talking with Peter Brook
Peter Brook
(1999) Todd, Andrew and Jean-Guy Lecat, The Open Circle: Peter Brook's Theatre Environments (2003) Trewin, J. C. Peter Brook: A Biography. (1971) Trowbridge, Simon. The Company: A Biographical Dictionary of the Royal Shakespeare Company. Oxford: Editions Albert Creed, 2010; ISBN 978-0-9559830-2-3. Zohar, Ouriel, Meetings with Peter Brook, Zohar, Tel-Aviv
Tel-Aviv
176 p. (1990)(in Hebrew)

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Peter Brook

Official Peter Brook
Peter Brook
website - Site officiel The Company: A Biographical Dictionary of the RSC: Online database by Simon Trowbridge[permanent dead link] Dan David Prize laureate 2005 Peter Brook
Peter Brook
biography and filmography at the British Film Institute's Screenonline Peter Brook
Peter Brook
on IMDb Peter Brook
Peter Brook
at the Internet Broadway Database Peter Brook
Peter Brook
at Internet Off-Broadway Database Screener for Brook by Brook on YouTube Peter Brook
Peter Brook
profile by Experimental Theatre Organization Review of Brook's Mahabharata
Mahabharata
in Caravan Magazine Master's Degree in Urban Scenography in Barcelona

v t e

Films directed by Peter Brook

The Beggar's Opera (1953) Seven Days... Seven Nights
Seven Days... Seven Nights
(1960) Lord of the Flies (1963) Marat/Sade
Marat/Sade
(1967) King Lear
King Lear
(1971) Meetings with Remarkable Men (1979) The Mahabharata
Mahabharata
(1989)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director

Jack Landau (1955) José Quintero
José Quintero
(1956) William Ball (1959) Ulu Grosbard (1965) Joseph Hardy (1967) Robert Moore / Tom O'Horgan (1968) Tom O'Horgan / Neal Kenyon / Alan Arkin
Alan Arkin
/ Michael Schultz / Gordon Davidson / Edwin Sherin (1969) Jerzy Grotowski
Jerzy Grotowski
/ Alan Arkin
Alan Arkin
/ Ron Field / Joseph Hardy / Harold Prince (1970) Robert Wilson / Andre Gregory / Peter Brook
Peter Brook
/ Michael Bennett / Harold Prince / Tom O'Horgan / Paul Sills (1971) Mel Shapiro / Andrei Serban / Peter Hall / Jeff Bleckner / A. J. Antoon / Mel Shapiro (1972) Victor Garcia / Joseph Chaikin
Joseph Chaikin
/ Roberta Sklar / Harold Prince / Bob Fosse / Michael Rudman / Harold Prince (1973) José Quintero
José Quintero
/ Harold Prince / Frank Dunlop / Marvin Felix Camillo / Harold Prince (1974)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play

1940s

Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) Joshua Logan (1948) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1949)

1950s

José Ferrer
José Ferrer
(1952) Joshua Logan (1953) Alfred Lunt
Alfred Lunt
(1954) Robert Montgomery (1955) Tyrone Guthrie (1956) Vincent J. Donehue (1958) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1959)

1960s

Arthur Penn
Arthur Penn
(1960) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1961) Noel Willman
Noel Willman
(1962) Alan Schneider (1963) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1964) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1965) Peter Brook
Peter Brook
(1966) Peter Hall (1967) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1968) Peter Dews (1969)

1970s

Joseph Hardy (1970) Peter Brook
Peter Brook
(1971) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1972) A. J. Antoon (1973) José Quintero
José Quintero
(1974) John Dexter (1975) Ellis Rabb (1976) Gordon Davidson (1977) Melvin Bernhardt (1978) Jack Hofsiss (1979)

1980s

Vivian Matalon (1980) Peter Hall (1981) Trevor Nunn and John Caird (1982) Gene Saks (1983) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1984) Gene Saks (1985) Jerry Zaks
Jerry Zaks
(1986) Lloyd Richards (1987) John Dexter (1988) Jerry Zaks
Jerry Zaks
(1989)

1990s

Frank Galati (1990) Jerry Zaks
Jerry Zaks
(1991) Patrick Mason (1992) George C. Wolfe
George C. Wolfe
(1993) Stephen Daldry
Stephen Daldry
(1994) Gerald Gutierrez (1995) Gerald Gutierrez (1996) Anthony Page (1997) Garry Hynes (1998) Robert Falls (1999)

2000s

Michael Blakemore (2000) Daniel J. Sullivan (2001) Mary Zimmerman
Mary Zimmerman
(2002) Joe Mantello
Joe Mantello
(2003) Jack O'Brien (2004) Doug Hughes (2005) Nicholas Hytner (2006) Jack O'Brien (2007) Anna D. Shapiro (2008) Matthew Warchus
Matthew Warchus
(2009)

2010s

Michael Grandage (2010) Marianne Elliott and Tom Morris (2011) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2012) Pam MacKinnon (2013) Kenny Leon
Kenny Leon
(2014) Marianne Elliott (2015) Ivo van Hove
Ivo van Hove
(2016) Rebecca Taichman (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 54145090 LCCN: n2005072496 ISNI: 0000 0001 1930 4117 GND: 118515713 SELIBR: 255302 SUDOC: 026754541 BNF: cb118941494 (data) ULAN: 500253682 NDL: 00434472 BNE: XX906042 SN

.