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Edgar Peter Lougheed, PC CC AOE QC, (/ˈlɑːhiːd/ LAW-heed; July 26, 1928 – September 13, 2012) was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He served as the tenth Premier of Alberta
Premier of Alberta
from 1971-85 as a Progressive Conservative. Lougheed was the grandson of Sir James Alexander Lougheed, an early senator and prominent Alberta
Alberta
businessman. After a short football career he entered business and practised law in Calgary. In 1965, he was elected leader of the Progressive Conservatives, a party that at the time had no seats in the legislature. He led the party back into the legislature in the 1967 provincial election. Four years later, the Tories won power with 49 of the 75 seats in the legislature, defeating the Social Credit Party which had governed the province since the 1935 election. Lougheed established a Tory dynasty in the province that was uninterrupted until 2015 when the Alberta NDP
Alberta NDP
won a majority government, the longest unbroken run in government for a provincial party in Canadian history to date. Lougheed was reelected in 1975, 1979 and 1982 provincial elections, winning landslide majorities each time. As premier, Lougheed furthered the development of the oil and gas resources, and started the Alberta Heritage Fund as a way of ensuring that the exploitation of non-renewable resources would be of long-term benefit to Alberta. He introduced the Alberta
Alberta
Bill of Rights. Lougheed quarrelled with Pierre Trudeau's federal Liberal government over its 1980 introduction of the National Energy Program.[1] But Lougheed and Trudeau eventually reached an agreement for energy revenue sharing in 1982, after hard bargaining. The successful Calgary bid to host the 1988 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
was developed during Lougheed's terms. From 1996 to 2002, Lougheed served as Chancellor of Queen's University. Lougheed sat on the boards of a variety of organizations and corporations. In a 2012 edition, the Institute for Research on Public Policy's magazine, Policy Options, named Lougheed the best Canadian premier of the last forty years.[2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Early political career 3 Leader of the Opposition 4 Premier 5 Illness and death 6 Legacy 7 Honours 8 Electoral record

8.1 As party leader 8.2 As MLA

9 References 10 Bibliography

Early life[edit] Peter Lougheed
Peter Lougheed
was born in Calgary
Calgary
on July 26, 1928, the son of Edgar Donald Lougheed (1893–1951)[3] and Edna Alexandria Bauld (1901–1972).[4][5] His paternal grandfather was Sir James Lougheed, a successful lawyer, federal cabinet minister, and senator.[6] James accumulated a sizable fortune before his 1925 death, but the Great Depression wiped out much of it, and the first years of Peter's life were spent moving from one rented accommodation to another.[6] He was educated at the Strathcona School for Boys, Earl Grey School, Rideau Park School, and the Central Collegiate Institute, all in Calgary.[5] At the last of these, he proposed the formation of a students' union and subsequently became its first president.[7] He also excelled at sports, particularly football.[6] Upon graduating from Central Collegiate, Lougheed enrolled at the University of Alberta
University of Alberta
from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts (in 1950 or 1951)[5][7] and a Bachelor of Laws
Bachelor of Laws
(in 1952).[5] There, he played football for the University of Alberta
University of Alberta
Golden Bears and, in 1949 and 1950, the Edmonton
Edmonton
Eskimos.[5][8] He also served as president of the Students' Union in 1951–1952 and was a writer in the sports section for the Gateway, the University of Alberta
University of Alberta
student newspaper.[9] While studying at the University of Alberta, he lived for a time in Rutherford House
Rutherford House
as a member of the Delta Upsilon fraternity.[10] In 1952, he married Jeanne Rogers, whom he met during his schooling.[6] Soon after the wedding, the couple went to Massachusetts, where Lougheed pursued a Master of Business Administration at Harvard University, which he earned in 1954.[7] During the degree, he worked for a summer with Gulf Oil
Gulf Oil
in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where he witnessed an oil boom town after the oil ran out; political scientist Allan Tupper has suggested that Lougheed saw here a possible future of Alberta.[11] After Harvard, Lougheed had to make decisions about his career. He believed that people should avoid excessive specialization in favour of maximizing their diversity of experience.[12] He anticipated spending time in business, law, and politics.[12] In pursuit of business, he took a management position with Mannix Corporation, a Canadian construction firm.[12] Later, he left the company to establish a law practice.[12] During the early 1960s, he began to turn his attention towards politics.[12] Early political career[edit] Lougheed was of Conservative stock, and it was with that party that he decided to pursue his political career. At the time, Alberta
Alberta
was represented almost entirely by Progressive Conservatives in the Canadian House of Commons.[12] While that might have made federal politics appealing to Lougheed, he viewed it as a drawback; he considered the field of federal PC politicians from Alberta
Alberta
to be crowded, and the life of a backbencher held little appeal for him.[12] Instead, he turned his attention to the provincial Progressive Conservatives. The party had never come particularly close to winning government since Alberta
Alberta
joined Canada. It had captured only 13% of the vote in the 1963 election (when it had contested only 33 of the province's 63 constituencies) and lost its sole seat in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta.[12] The province had been governed by the Social Crediters since 1935, with the government having been led for all but the first eight years of that period by Premier Ernest Manning.[12] Manning was popular and had won 60 of 63 seats in the legislature in 1963, but Lougheed felt that the time was ripe for change.[12] He believed that Albertans were beginning to find Social Credit too rural and insufficiently assertive in intergovernmental relations.[12] In Lougheed's view, Alberta
Alberta
should be a senior partner in Confederation, and Social Credit was out of touch with the province's potential.[12] He resolved to capture the leadership of the provincial Progressive Conservative party and to navigate it into government.[13] The first phase was not difficult; despite having no provincial profile and little organization, Lougheed defeated Duncan McKillop, the candidate for Calgary
Calgary
Queens Park in 1963 and a fellow Calgary lawyer, on the first ballot of the party's 1965 convention.[14] Another candidate, Edson town councillor John Scott, had withdrawn on the convention's first day.[14] Lougheed was nominated from the floor by Lou Hyndman and Charles Arthur Clark, father of future Prime Minister Joe Clark.[14] Vote totals were not released.[14] Lougheed's first challenge as leader was a 1966 by-election in Pincher Creek-Crowsnest. The riding had been represented by 18-year Socred incumbent William Kovach, who had died.[15] While the Tories finished third, Lougheed viewed it as only a minor setback; his real focus was building up momentum for a general election due a year later. In that race, Lougheed was elected to the legislature for Calgary-West
Calgary-West
along with five other PCs, becoming Leader of the Opposition. In a harbinger of things to come, all but one of the new PC MLAs were from either Calgary
Calgary
or Edmonton. Leader of the Opposition[edit] Manning retired as premier a year later, and Harry Strom
Harry Strom
was named his successor. However, after three decades in power, Social Credit had become tired and complacent. The first sign of a momentum shift came soon after Manning's retirement, when the PCs managed to take his former seat in a by-election. Over the next three years, the Tories built their tiny caucus up to 10 members with one other by-election win and two floor-crossings. During the 1970 spring session, Lougheed moved to position the PCs as a credible alternative to the Socreds. His party introduced 21 bills, an unusual number for an opposition party in a Westminster system. Premier[edit] Strom called a snap election for August 1971. For the campaign, Lougheed crafted a simple slogan, "NOW!", symbolizing his goal of increasing Alberta's clout in Canada. His platform combined fiscally conservative economic policies with a modern, urban outlook. Lougheed's urbane image also struck a responsive chord with the electorate, making a marked contrast with the dour Strom. In the election, Lougheed and the Tories swept the Socreds from power, ending one of the longest unbroken runs in government at the provincial level in Canada. While the PCs finished only five percentage points ahead of the Socreds, 46 percent to 41 percent, they reaped a major windfall in the cities. They took every seat in Edmonton, and all but five in Calgary. The nature of the first past the post system, which awards power solely on the basis of seats won, gave Lougheed a strong majority government, with 49 seats to the Socreds' 25 and the NDP's one. As it turned out, this would be the most opposition Lougheed would face during his 14 years in office. Lougheed spent most of his tenure as premier in a bitter fight with the federal government over control of Alberta's resources. His first term also saw the start of a decade-long development boom, and he later established the Alberta
Alberta
Heritage Savings Trust Fund, which used oil revenues to invest for the long term in such areas as health care and research. He won an even stronger mandate in 1975, reducing the opposition to only six MLAs in total (four Socreds, one New Democrat and one independent) on a record 62.7 percent of the popular vote, more than Manning had drawn during the height of Social Credit's power in the 1950s. He would lead the party to two more landslide victories in 1979 and 1982. His last victory netted the PCs a staggering 75 seats out of 79: in terms of percentage of seats won, the second-largest majority government in the province's history. As a result, he governed with very large majorities for virtually his entire tenure and was in a position to enact practically any program he wanted. Indeed, the six MLAs he faced in 1975 would be the most opposition he would face during his last decade in office. That served him well, since he was a Red Tory
Red Tory
leading a party whose base was dominated by social conservatives in rural parts of the province. Lougheed retired in 1985. Don Getty, a member of the original PC caucus from 1967 and later a longtime member of the Lougheed cabinet, came out of retirement to succeed him. Illness and death[edit] Lougheed had long[vague] been suffering from a heart condition and high blood pressure. In early September 2012, his health severely deteriorated and he was taken to hospital, where he died of natural causes at the hospital named after him in Calgary.[16] His body lay in state from September 17 to 18 inside the main rotunda of the Alberta Legislature Building.[17][18] The national and provincial flags were flown at half-mast throughout the province.[19] After lying in state, Lougheed's body travelled back to Calgary
Calgary
in a motorcade from Edmonton that followed a procession through the city, passing places of significance to Lougheed.[20] A state memorial was held on September 21, 2012, at the Southern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium
Southern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium
in Calgary. In response to his death, Prime Minister Stephen Harper
Stephen Harper
described Lougheed as "one of the most remarkable Canadians
Canadians
of his generation."[21] Alberta
Alberta
Premier Alison Redford
Alison Redford
cut short her trip to Asia in order to attend his funeral. Alberta's opposition leader Danielle Smith, former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien
Jean Chrétien
(who was the Minister of Justice during negotiations to patriate the Canadian constitution), federal opposition leader Thomas Mulcair
Thomas Mulcair
and Calgary mayor Naheed Nenshi
Naheed Nenshi
issued statements condoling his death.[21] Former Prime Minister Joe Clark
Joe Clark
wrote a special commentary in The Globe and Mail praising Lougheed.[22] Legacy[edit] In Alberta's Camelot: Culture and the Arts in the Lougheed Years, Fil Fraser explores how Lougheed government programs created a period of unprecedented growth for provincial arts sector, from the early 1970s to the mid-1980s.[23] The Tories were in office without interruption from 1971 until 2015, usually with large majorities but nowhere near as large as the ones Lougheed enjoyed. Honours[edit] Lougheed was styled "The Honourable" for the duration of his membership in the Executive Council of Alberta
Executive Council of Alberta
from 1971 to 1986. When he was appointed a privy councillor (postnominal: "PC") on April 17, 1982, the style "The Honourable" was extended for life. In 1986, he was named a Companion of the Order of Canada
Order of Canada
(postnominal: "CC"), and in 1989 he was named to the Alberta Order of Excellence
Alberta Order of Excellence
(postnominal: "AOE"). In 2001 he was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame. The Peter Lougheed Provincial Park
Peter Lougheed Provincial Park
was named after him in Kananaskis, Alberta. In Calgary
Calgary
an acute care hospital was named the Peter Lougheed Centre, where he would spend his last days. After his death proposals were made to rename Calgary
Calgary
International Airport in his honour.[24] Electoral record[edit] As party leader[edit]

1982 Alberta
Alberta
provincial election

Party Party leader # of candidates Seats Popular vote

1979 1982 % Change # % % Change

  Progressive Conservative

Peter Lougheed

79 74 75 +1.4% 588,485 62.28% +4.88%

  New Democrats

Grant Notley

79 1 2 +100% 177,166 18.75% +3.00%

  Independent

34 - 2   36,590 3.87% +3.10%

  Western Canada Concept

Gordon Kesler

78 - - - 111,131 11.76% -

  Liberal

Nicholas Taylor

29 - - - 17,074 1.81% −4.35%

  Social Credit

23 4 - −100% 7,843 0.83% −19.04%

  Alberta
Alberta
Reform Movement

Tom Sindlinger

14 - - - 6,258 0.66% *

  Communist

8 - - - 389 0.04% −0.01%

Total 344 79 79 - 944,936 100%

 

1979 Alberta
Alberta
provincial election

Party Party leader # of candidates Seats Popular vote

1975 1979 % Change # % % Change

  Progressive Conservative

Peter Lougheed

79 69 74 +7.2% 408,097 57.40% −5.25%

  Social Credit

Robert Curtis Clark

79 4 4 - 141,284 19.87% +1.70%

  New Democrats

Grant Notley

79 1 1 - 111,984 15.75% +2.81%

  Liberal

Nicholas Taylor

78 - - - 43,792 6.16% +1.18%

  Independent

8 - - - 3,430 0.48% +0.37%

  Independent Conservative

3 - - - 1,613 0.23% +0.05%

  Independent Christian

1 - - - 403 0.06% -

  Communist

7 - - - 357 0.05% −0.08%

Total 334 75 79 +5.3% 710,963 100%

 

1975 Alberta
Alberta
provincial election

Party Party leader # of candidates Seats Popular vote

1971 1975 % Change # % % Change

  Progressive Conservative

Peter Lougheed

75 49 69 +40.8% 369,764 62.65% +16.25%

  Social Credit

Werner Schmidt

70 25 4 −84.0% 107,211 18.17% −22.93%

  New Democrats

Grant Notley

75 1 1 0% 76,360 12.94% +1.52%

  Independent Social Credit

1 * 1 100% 4,428 0.75% *

  Liberal

Nicholas Taylor

46 - - - 29,424 4.98% +3.97%

  Independent Progressive Conservative

3 - - - 1,059 0.18% -

  Communist

14 - - - 768 0.13% -

  Independent

4 - -   625 0.11% +1.06%

  Independent Liberal

2 - - - 416 0.07% -

  Constitutional Socialist

Mike Uhryn

3 - - - 115 0.02% -

Total 293 75 75 - 590,200 100%

 

1971 Alberta
Alberta
provincial election

Party Party leader # of candidates Seats Popular vote

1967 1971 % Change # % % Change

  Progressive Conservative

Peter Lougheed

75 6 49 +717% 296,934 46.40% +20.40%

  Social Credit

Harry Strom

75 55 25 −54.5% 262,953 41.10% −3.5%

  New Democrats

Grant Notley

70 - 1   73,038 11.42% −4.56%

  Liberal

Bob Russell

20 3 - −100% 6,475 1.01% −9.80%

  Independent

3 1 - −100% 462 0.07% −1.31%

Total 243 65 75 +15.4% 639,862 100%

 

1967 Alberta
Alberta
provincial election

Party Party leader # of candidates Seats Popular vote

1963 1967 % Change # % % Change

  Social Credit

Ernest C. Manning

65 60 55 −8.3% 222,270 44.60% −10.21%

  Progressive Conservative

Peter Lougheed

47 - 6   129,544 26.00% +13.29%

  Liberal

Michael Maccagno

45 2 3 +50.0% 53,847 10.81% −8.95%

  Independent

7 - 1   6,916 1.38% +0.40%

  New Democrats

Neil Reimer

65 - - - 79,610 15.98% +6.53%

  Coalition

2 1 - −100% 3,654 0.73% +0.19%

  Independent Progressive Conservative

2 - - - 1,118 0.22% -

  Liberal/Progressive Conservative

1 - - - 699 0.14% −0.14%

  Independent Social Credit

2 - - - 693 0.14% −0.65%

Total 236 63 65 +3.2% 498,351 100%

 

As MLA[edit]

1982 Alberta
Alberta
general election results ( Calgary
Calgary
West)

Affiliation Candidate Votes %

  Progressive Conservative Peter Lougheed 11,668 78.8%

  NDP Ed Smith 1,175 7.9%

  WCC Bruce Roper 1,106 7.5%

  Liberal Barb Scott 598 4.0%

  Social Credit Leonard Petterson 251 1.7%

1979 Alberta
Alberta
general election results ( Calgary
Calgary
West)

Affiliation Candidate Votes %

  Progressive Conservative Peter Lougheed 7,825 72.9%

  Social Credit Frank Cottingham 930 8.7%

  Liberal Barb Scott 874 8.1%

  NDP Ed Smith 699 6.5%

  Independent Christian Jacob Binnema 406 3.8%

1975 Alberta
Alberta
general election results ( Calgary
Calgary
West)

Affiliation Candidate Votes %

  Progressive Conservative Peter Lougheed 8,983 78.6%

  Social Credit Charles Grey 1,213 10.6%

  NDP Neil Ellison 674 5.9%

  Liberal Steve Shaw 564 4.9%

1971 Alberta
Alberta
general election results ( Calgary
Calgary
West)

Affiliation Candidate Votes %

  Progressive Conservative Peter Lougheed 7,049 55.2%

  Social Credit Charles Grey 4,319 33.8%

  NDP Joe Yanchula 1,066 8.3%

  Liberal Brian Stevenson 333 2.6%

1967 Alberta
Alberta
general election results ( Calgary
Calgary
West)

Affiliation Candidate Votes %

  Progressive Conservative Peter Lougheed 8,548 61.7%

  Social Credit Donald S. Fleming 4,028 29.1%

  NDP Allan Early 868 6.3%

  Liberal Natalie Chapman 402 2.9%

References[edit]

^ Gerson, Jen (September 14, 2012), "A legacy rich as oil: Ex-Alberta premier Peter Lougheed's ideas imprinted on party still in power 41 years later", National Post, retrieved February 3, 2015  ^ Pratt, Sheila (May 3, 2012). "Alberta's Peter Lougheed
Peter Lougheed
easily tops list of Canada's best premiers". Postmedia News. Retrieved May 9, 2012.  ^ Perry, Craig 2006, pg. 520 ^ Perry, Craig 2006, pg. 521 ^ a b c d e "Peter Lougheed". Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Archived from the original on 2008-11-01. Retrieved 2008-09-18.  ^ a b c d Tupper, Allan (2004). "Peter Lougheed". In Bradford J. Rennie. Alberta
Alberta
Premiers of the Twentieth Century. Regina, Saskatchewan: Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina. p. 205. ISBN 0-88977-151-0.  ^ a b c "Peter Lougheed". Queen's University. Archived from the original on 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2008-09-19.  ^ "Peter Lougheed". CFLapedia. Retrieved 2008-09-19.  ^ "List of Students' Union presidents". University of Alberta calendar. University of Alberta. Retrieved 2008-09-19.  ^ "Delta Upsilon". University of Alberta
University of Alberta
centennial celebration. Retrieved 2008-09-22.  ^ Tupper 205–206 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Tupper 206 ^ Tupper 207 ^ a b c d Hustak, Allan (1979). Peter Lougheed: A Biography. Toronto: McLelland and Stewart. pp. 68–69.  ^ "Summary of Results for Past By-Elections". Elections Alberta. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2008-09-23.  ^ CBC News (September 13, 2012). "Former Alberta
Alberta
premier Peter Lougheed dies in hospital". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved September 14, 2012.  ^ Kleiss, Karen (September 15, 2012). "Former premier will lie in state at legislature". The Edmonton
Edmonton
Journal. Retrieved September 16, 2012.  ^ " Peter Lougheed
Peter Lougheed
will lie in state at Alberta
Alberta
legislature". CTV News. September 15, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.  ^ Bennett, Dean (September 14, 2012). "Flags at half-mast, white roses at legislature for former premier Lougheed". The Winnipeg Free Press. The Canadian Press. Retrieved June 6, 2015.  ^ Kleiss, Karen. "Lougheed motorcade to wend its way through Edmonton before heading to Calgary". The Edmonton
Edmonton
Journal. Edmonton, Alberta. Retrieved 18 September 2012.  ^ a b "Peter Lougheed's death stirs emotions of Canadians". CBC News. September 13, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.  ^ Clark, Joe (September 14, 2012). "Joe Clark: Lougheed built Canada by looking to Alberta's future". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved September 16, 2012.  ^ Gill, Alexandra (17 March 2009). " Alberta
Alberta
arts on the cusp". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 23 February 2014.  ^ Schneider, Katie (September 14, 2012). "MLAs on board with renaming Calgary
Calgary
International Airport after Lougheed". The Calgary
Calgary
Sun. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

Perry, Sandra E.; Craig, Jessica J. (2006). The Mantle of Leadership : Premiers of the Northwest Territories and Alberta. Edmonton, Alberta: Legislative Assembly of Alberta. ISBN 0-9689217-2-8.  Fraser, Fil (2003). Alberta's Camelot: Culture and the Arts in the Lougheed Years. Lone Pine Publishing. ISBN 1-55105-393-4. 

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Peter Lougheed

Academic offices

Preceded by Agnes Benidickson Chancellor of Queen's University 1996–2002 Succeeded by A. Charles Baillie

v t e

Premiers of Alberta

Rutherford Sifton Stewart Greenfield Brownlee Reid Aberhart Manning Strom Lougheed Getty Klein Stelmach Redford Hancock Prentice Notley

Book:Premiers of Alberta Category:Premiers of Alberta Portal:Alberta

v t e

Alberta
Alberta
Leaders of the Opposition

Robertson Bennett Michener Hoadley Ramsey Boyle C. Mitchell Bowen Walker Speakman Mahaffy Walker Page Prowse MacEwan Maccagno Lougheed Strom Henderson Clark Speaker Notley Martin Decore G. Mitchell Sapers MacBeth Nicol Taft Swann Sherman Smith Forsyth Jean Cooper Nixon

v t e

Principals and Chancellors of Queen's University

Principals

Lidell Machar George* Cook Leitch Snodgrass Grant Gordon Taylor Fyfe Wallace Mackintosh Corry Deutsch Watts Smith Legett Hitchcock Williams Woolf

Chancellors

Cook Fleming Douglas Beatty Borden Richardson Dunning Stirling Michener Bendickson Lougheed Baillie Dodge Leech

* indicates acting

v t e

Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta

Party leaders

Haultain (NWT) ¤ Bennett Robertson Bennett Michener Hoadley Ramsey McGillivray Duggan Page Kirby Watkins Harradence Lougheed Getty Klein Stelmach Redford Hancock Prentice McIver Kenney

Leadership elections

1958 1962 1965 1985 1992 2006 2011 2014 2017

v t e

Cabinet of Premier of Alberta
Premier of Alberta
Peter Lougheed
Peter Lougheed
(1971–1985)

Peter Lougheed

Al Adair Winston Backus Robert Bogle Fred Bradley Tom Chambers Jack Cookson Neil Crawford Bill Diachuk Bill Dickie Robert Dowling Roy Farran LeRoy Fjordbotten James L. Foster Don Getty Graham Harle Bert Hohol Hugh Horner Jim Horsman Helen Hunley Lou Hyndman Ernie Isley Dick Johnston David King Julian Koziak Merv Leitch Mary LeMessurier Stewart McCrae Don McCrimmon Bud Miller Gordon Miniely Marvin Moore Milt Pahl William Payne Fred Peacock Hugh Planche Ian Reid David John Russell Horst Schmid Dallas Schmidt Larry Shaben Donald H. Sparrow Greg Stevens George Topolnisky Peter Trynchy Allan Warrack Neil Webber Leslie Young William Yurko John Zaozirny

v t e

Inductees into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame

A * Maude Elizabeth Seymour Abbott

Oswald Avery Albert Aguayo B Elizabeth Bagshaw Frederick Grant Banting Henry J. M. Barnett Murray Barr Charles Thomas Beer Bernard Belleau Alan Bernstein Charles Herbert Best Norman Bethune John Bienenstock Wilfred Gordon Bigelow John E. Bradley Henri J. Breault Roberta Bondar G. Malcolm Brown John Symonds Lyon Browne Alan C. Burton C Bruce Chown William A. Cochrane James Bertram Collip Douglas Harold Copp Max Cynader
Max Cynader
D Paul David Adolfo de Bold John Dirks Charles George Drake Tommy Douglas Jean Dussault E John Robert Evans F Ray Farquharson Sylvia Fedoruk William Feindel C. Miller Fisher John Gerald FitzGerald Claude Fortier Terry Fox Armand Frappier F. Clarke Fraser Henry Friesen G William Gallie Jacques Genest Gustave Gingras Phil Gold Wilfred Thomason Grenfell H Antoine Hakim Judith Goslin Hall Donald Olding Hebb Félix d'Herelle Jack Hirsh Charles Hollenberg James C. Hogg David Hubel Charles B. Huggins
Charles B. Huggins
J Herbert Jasper Harold E. Johns K Wilbert Keon Leonora King
Leonora King
L Bernard Langer Marc Lalonde Charles Philippe Leblond Maurice LeClair Heinz Lehmann Peter Lougheed Ernest McCulloch M John McEachern Walter Mackenzie Peter Macklem David MacLennan John James Rickard Macleod John McCrae Ian McWhinney Tak Wah Mak Pierre Masson Jonathan Campbell Meakins Maud Menten Ronald Melzack Brenda Milner Julio Montaner Frederick Montizambert Thomas John (Jock) Murray Fraser Mustard William Thornton Mustard N Arnold Naimark Robert Laing Noble O William Osler
William Osler
P Anthony Pawson Wilder Graves Penfield Vera Peters R Allan Ronald Claude Roy Ian Rusted S David Sackett Robert Bruce Salter Charles Scriver Hans Selye Louis Siminovitch Duncan G. Sinclair Michael Smith Bette Stephenson Calvin R. Stiller T Charles Tator Lucille Teasdale-Corti James Till Lap-Chee Tsui Endel Tulving D. Lorne Tyrrell
D. Lorne Tyrrell
V Mladen Vranic W Ronald Worton Y Marie-Marguerite d'Youville Salim Yusuf

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 106132226 LCCN: n79035352 ISNI: 0000 0001 0930 2409 GND: 128912

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