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Field Marshal Petar Bojović
Petar Bojović
GCLH, KCMG (Serbian: Петар Бојовић, pronounced [pɛ̂tar bɔ̂ːjɔʋitɕ]; 16 July 1858 in Miševići, Nova Varoš
Nova Varoš
– 19 January 1945 in Belgrade) was a Serbian military commander who fought in the Serbo-Turkish War, the Serbo-Bulgarian War, the First Balkan War, the Second Balkan War, World War I
World War I
and World War II. Following the breakthrough on the Thessaloniki Front
Thessaloniki Front
he was promoted to fourth Field Marshal.

Contents

1 Life

1.1 Early 1.2 Balkan Wars 1.3 World War I 1.4 Post-war and last years

2 Death 3 References 4 Literature

Life[edit] Early[edit] Bojović was born on 16 July 1858 in Miševići, Nova Varoš. He had distant ancestry from the Vasojevići. He fought in Serbian-Ottoman Wars from 1876 to 1878 as a cadet of the Artillery school, as well as in wars that Serbia
Serbia
waged at the beginning of the 20th century.[1] He was Chief of the General Staff for the first time from 1905 to 1908. Balkan Wars[edit] In the Balkan Wars, he was the Chief of Staff of the 1st Army, which scored huge success in battles of Kumanovo, Bitola (First Balkan War) and Bregalnica (Second Balkan War). He took part in peace negotiations with Turkey, held in London
London
in 1913, as a military expert in the Serbian Government delegation. World War I[edit] At the start of World War I, he was given command of the 1st Army. His army suffered huge losses at the Battle of Drina
Battle of Drina
in 1914, but managed to stop the Austro-Hungarian
Austro-Hungarian
offensive. Bojović was wounded in the battle, and was replaced at the army general position by Živojin Mišić. In January 1916, he was appointed Chief of General Staff for a second time in place of the ailing vojvoda Radomir Putnik, who was carried by his soldiers to the city of Skadar. He held that position until June 1918, when he resigned because of disputes with the allied generals on the issue of widening the Thessaloniki Front. He returned to his position Commander of the 1st Army, which broke the enemy lines and advanced deep into the occupied territory. He received the title of Field Marshal on 26 September [O.S. 13 September] 1918 for his contribution during the war.[1] Post-war and last years[edit] In 1921, he was appointed Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav Army, and in 1922 he withdrew from active service. At the very beginning of World War II, Petar Bojovic was appointed Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Yugoslavian Armed Forces by the young King Petar II Karađorđević. However, because of his old age, he did not participate in the events that followed. Death[edit] Petar Bojović
Petar Bojović
was beaten on 19 January 1945 by a group of partisans who came to forcibly evict him from his home in Trnska street in Belgrade.[1] According to an alleged testimony:[2]

Broz 'liberators' entered the house of the Bojović in Trnska street No. 25. They liked the house. Once inside, the noticeable Voivod robe was over a chair, and on the table lay the Voivod hat. The very fact that Bojović was 'King's Voivoda' was enough for the 'liberators' to use force. First, kicking his voivoda hat, and then, after harsh words, they rushed to the weak Bojović, at that time at his ninth decade of life. Petar's son Dobrosav jumped to protect his father, but was overcome by a strong shock, and soon after that he was sent to the penitentiary Sremska Mitrovica.

From injuries sustained during the beating Bojović soon died, and his body was transferred to the new cemetery in a wagon on 20 January 1945 and the burial was held without anyone attending.[1] To prevent him being given tribute, the Communists on Radio Belgrade
Belgrade
announced the news that anyone who tried to come to the funeral of the Vojvoda Bojović was to be arrested and prosecuted.[3] The new Administration in 1945 named one of the important streets in Belgrade
Belgrade
after Vojvoda Bojović.[4] It is a street previously called Donjogradski bulevar, which is today called Bulevar vojvode Bojovića. In 1990 a monument to Bojović was erected in the small park in the Kalenić neighborhood.[1] The park, which is encircled by the small roundabout, became known as the "Park of Vojvoda Bojović". References[edit]

^ a b c d e Nikola Belić (31 October 2012), "Dan sećanja na zaboravljeno oslobođenje Beograda" [Day of remembrance on the forgotten liberation of Belgrade], Politika
Politika
(in Serbian)  ^ NAŠA POSLA: Slavimo one koji su pre 50 godina šutirali do smrti srpske heroje! ^ [1] ^ Leko 2006, pp. 165,168.

Literature[edit]

Leko, Milan; Vartabedijan, Miodrag (2006). Beogradske ulice i trgovi 1872-2006. Beograd: Zavod za udžbenike. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petar Bojović.

Military offices

Preceded by Radomir Putnik Chief of the General Staff (acting) 1915–1916 Succeeded by Continued service

Preceded by Himself Chief of the General Staff 1916–1918 Succeeded by Živojin Mišić

Preceded by Živojin Mišić Chief of the General Staff of the Army of The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 1921 Succeeded by Petar Pešić

Preceded by Prince Paul Deputy Commander in Chief of the Yugoslavian Armed Forces 1941 Succeeded by Dušan Simović

v t e

Serbian and Yugoslavian Field Marshals

Radomir Putnik

Stepa Stepanović

Živojin Mišić

Petar Bojović

v t e

Chiefs of the General Staff of the Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces

Živojin Mišić (1918–1921) Petar Bojović
Petar Bojović
(1921) Petar Pešić (1921–1922) Milan Milovanović (1922–1924) Petar Pešić (1924–1928) Milan Milovanović (1928–1934) Milan Nedić (1934–1935) Ljubomir Marić (1935–1936) Milutin Nedić
Milutin Nedić
(1937–1938) Dušan Simović
Dušan Simović
(1938–1940) Petar Kosić (1940–1941) Dušan Simović
Dušan Simović
(1941) Danilo Kalafatović
Danilo Kalafatović
(1941) Dušan Simović
Dušan Simović
(1941) Dragoljub Mihailović (1942–1944)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 17638963 LCCN: n93047133 ISNI: 0000 0000 7767 2455 GND: 140737170 SUDOC: 059858729 BNF:

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