The Info List - Peruvian Government

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The POLITICS OF THE REPUBLIC OF PERU takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic , whereby the President of Peru
is both head of state and head of government , and of a pluriform multi-party system . Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Congress . The Judiciary
is independent of the executive and the legislature.


* 1 Democratic reform * 2 Executive branch * 3 Legislative branch * 4 Political parties and elections * 5 Judicial branch * 6 Administrative divisions * 7 Political pressure groups and leaders * 8 Non-governmental organizations * 9 International organization participation * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links


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The REPUBLIC OF PERU is in a state of ongoing democratization . Led by President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski , the new government is expected to be transparent and accountable. Previously a rubberstamp body, Peru
's unicameral Congress is emerging as a strong counterbalance to the once-dominant executive branch, with increased oversight and investigative powers. The executive branch and Congress are attempting to reform the judicial branch, antiquated and rife with corruption.

During the government of Fujimori the 1979 Constitution was changed after the Fujimori\'s Auto-coup where the president dissolved the Congress and established the new 1993 Constitution . One of the changes to the 1979 Constitution was the possibility of the president's immediate reelection (112 article) which made possible the reelection of Fujimori in the next years. After the Fujimori era and Fujimori's resign the transition government of Valentín Paniagua changed the article 112 and called new elections in 2001 where Alejandro Toledo
Alejandro Toledo
was elected. After that Peru
has had all democratically elected presidents .


Palace of Peru

Main office holders OFFICE NAME PARTY SINCE

President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Peruvians for Change 28 July 2016

Prime Minister
Prime Minister
Fernando Zavala Peruvians for Change 28 July 2016

First Vice President Martín Vizcarra Peruvians for Change 28 July 2016

Second Vice President Mercedes Aráoz Peruvians for Change 28 July 2016

Under the current constitution, the President is the head of state and government ; he or she is elected for a five-year term and may not immediately be re-elected. All citizens above the age of eighteen are entitled and in fact compelled to vote. The first and second vice presidents also are popularly elected but have no constitutional functions unless the president is unable to discharge his duties.

The President appoints the Council of Ministers (Consejo de Ministros, or Cabinet) and Prime Minister
Prime Minister
(primer ministro). All presidential decree laws or draft bills sent to Congress must be approved by the Council of Ministers.


Congress of the Republic
of Peru

The legislative branch consists of a unicameral Congress (Congreso) of 130 members. elected for a five-year term by proportional representation In addition to passing laws, Congress ratifies treaties, authorizes government loans, and approves the government budget. The president has the power to block legislation with which the executive branch does not agree.


For other political parties, see List of political parties in Peru
. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in Peru

e • d Summary of the 10 April and 5 June 2011 Peruvian presidential election result CANDIDATES – PARTIES 1ST ROUND 2ND ROUND


Ollanta Humala Peru
Wins (Gana Perú) 4,643,064 31.699 7,937,704 51.449

Keiko Fujimori – Force 2011 (Fuerza 2011) 3,449,595 23.551 7,490,647 48.551

Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Alliance for the Great Change (Alianza por el Gran Cambio) 2,711,450 18.512

Alejandro Toledo
Alejandro Toledo
– Possible Peru
(Perú Posible) 2,289,561 15.631

Luis Castañeda – National Solidarity (Solidaridad Nacional) 1,440,143 9.832

José Ñique de la Puente – Fonavist Party (Partido Fonavista del Perú) 37,011 0.253

Ricardo Noriega – National Awakening Party (Partido Despertar Nacional) 21,574 0.147

Rafael Belaúnde Aubry – Forward Party (Partido Político Adelante) 17,301 0.118

Juliana Reymer – National Force Party (Partido Fuerza Nacional) 16,831 0.115

Humberto Pinazo – Justice, Technology, Ecology (Justicia, Tecnología, Ecología) 11,275 0.077

Total valid (turnout %) 14,074,682 100.000 15,428,351 100.000

Blank votes 1,406,998 8.855 116,335 0.706

Invalid votes 416,026 2.620 921,711 5.598

SOURCE: National Office of Electoral Processes (ONPE), National Office of Electoral Processes (ONPE)

e • d Summary of the 10 April 2011 election results for members of the Congress of the Republic
of Peru
and Peruvian members of the Andean Parliament PARTIES CONGRESS ANDEAN PARLIAMENT


Wins (Gana Perú)

dominated by Peruvian Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Peruano) including Socialist Party (Partido Socialista) and others 3,245,003 25.274 47 2,740,106 27.022 2

Force 2011 (Fuerza 2011) including National Renewal (Renovación Nacional) 2,948,781 22.967 37 2,353,660 23.211 1

Electoral Alliance Possible Peru
(Alianza Electoral Perú Posible)

* Possible Peru
(Perú Posible) * Popular Action (Acción Popular) * We Are Peru
(Somos Perú)

1,904,180 14.831 21 1,498,783 14.780 1

Alliance for the Great Change (Alianza por el Gran Cambio)

* Christian People\'s Party (Partido Popular Cristiano) * Alliance for Progress (Alianza para el Progreso) * Humanist Party (Partido Humanista) * National Restoration (Restauración Nacional)

1,851,080 14.417 12 1,413,783 13.942 1

National Solidarity Alliance (Alianza Solidaridad Nacional)

* National Solidarity (Solidaridad Nacional) * Change 90 (Cambio 90) * Union for Peru
(Unión por el Perú) * Always Together (Siempre Unidos)

1,311,766 10.217 9 954,618 9.414 0

American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (Partido Aprista Peruano) 825,030 6.426 4 638,675 6.298 0

Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 347,475 2.706 0 195,441 1.927 0

Fonavist Party (Fonavistas des Perú) 170,052 1.324 0 158,877 1.567 0

Decentralist Party Social Force (Partido Decentralista Fuerza Social) 108,200 0.843 0 65,265 0.644 0

Forward Party (Partido Político Adelante) 42,276 0.329 0 36,193 0.357 0

National Force Party (Partido Fuerza Nacional) 37,633 0.293 0 35,014 0.345 0

National Awakening Party (Partido Despertar Nacional) 30,190 0.235 0 — — —

Justice, Technology, Ecology (Justicia, Tecnologia, Ecologia) 17,478 0.136 0 49,869 0.492 0

Valid votes 12,839,144 100.000 130 10,140,284 100.000 5

Blank votes

4,352,212 26.056

Invalid votes

2,210,919 13.236

SOURCE: National Office of Electoral Processes - on Congressional Election

- on Andean Parliament Election


Supreme Court of Justice of Peru