The Info List - Persian Lime

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Persian lime
Persian lime
( Citrus
× latifolia), also known by other common names such as seedless lime,[2] Bearss lime[3][3] and Tahiti lime,[3] is a citrus fruit species of hybrid origin, known only in cultivation.[2] The Persian lime
Persian lime
is a triploid cross between key lime (Citrus aurantiifolia) and lemon ( Citrus
× limon).[4][5] Although there are other citrus species that are referred to as "limes", the Persian lime
Persian lime
(C. × latifolia) is the most widely cultivated lime species commercially,[6] and accounts for the largest share of the fruits sold as limes. The fruit turns yellow as it ripens, but it is often sold while still green.


1 Description 2 Cultivation 3 Cultivars 4 References 5 External links


Sliced lime

The tree is nearly thornless. The fruit is about 6 centimetres (2.4 in) in diameter, often with slightly nippled ends, and is usually sold while green, although it yellows as it reaches full ripeness. It is also widely available dried, as it is often used this way in Persian cuisine. It is larger, thicker-skinned, with less intense citrus aromatics than the key lime ( Citrus
aurantifolia). The advantages of the Persian lime
Persian lime
in commercial agriculture compared to the key lime are the larger size, absence of seeds, hardiness, absence of thorns on the bushes, and longer fruit shelf life. They are less acidic than key limes and do not have the bitterness that lends to the key lime's unique flavor. Cultivation[edit] Limes originate from the Middle East, and were first grown on a large scale in Persia
(now Iran) and southern Iraq.[7][8] The trees are propagated clonally, by grafting or air layering.[9] Persian limes are commercialized primarily in six sizes, known as 110's, 150's, 175's, 200's, 230's and 250's. Once grown primarily in Florida
in the U.S, it rose to prominence after key lime orchards were wiped out there by a hurricane in 1926, according to the American Pomological Society;[citation needed] subsequently Persian lime orchards themselves were devastated by Hurricane Andrew
Hurricane Andrew
in 1992. Large numbers of Persian limes are grown, processed, and exported every year primarily from Mexico[6] to the American, European and Asian markets. In 2014, Brazil was major exporter of fresh limes to Europe (about 70%) with Mexico supplying most of the remainder.[10] U.S. Persian lime
Persian lime
imports from Mexico are handled mostly through McAllen, Texas.[11] Cultivars[edit] Cultivars include:

Bearss lime[12] (named after John T. Bearss, who developed this seedless variety about 1895 in his nursery at Porterville, California) Page lime[13] Persian lime
Persian lime
SPB-7[14] Pond's lime[15] Tahiti lime[16]


^ Porcher, Michel H.; et al. (1995), Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (M.M.P.N.D): Sorting Citrus
Names, The University of Melbourne  ^ a b c Dianxiang Zhang and David J. Mabberley, "21. Citrus
Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 782. 1753", Flora of China Online, retrieved 30 June 2016 CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ a b c USDA GRIN Taxonomy, retrieved 30 June 2016  ^ Curk, Franck; Ollitrault, Frédérique; Garcia-Lor, Andres; Luro, François; Navarro, Luis; Ollitrault, Patrick (2016). "Phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons revealed by cytoplasmic and nuclear markers". Annals of Botany. 11: 565–583. doi:10.1093/aob/mcw005.  ^ Ali, Muhammad Amjad; Nawaz, Muhammad Azher (2017), "Advances in Lime Breeding and Genetics", in Khan, M. Mumtaz; Al-Yahyai, Rashid; Al-Said, Fahad, The lime: botany, production and uses, CAB International, pp. 37–53  ^ a b Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook /FTS-333/ July 30, 2008, page 16, by Agnes Perez and Susan Pollack, Economic Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture ^ Raichlen, Steven (August 2, 1992). "Small citruses yield tart juice, aromatic oils, big, fresh taste". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 30 March 2012.  ^ https://books.google.fr/books?id=c4KuB3iGmbwC&pg=PA662&lpg=PA662&dq=source=bl&ots=SBMYVRQh6A&sig=t42XO4bwUOqyW6vfja1Fu5dpDDg&hl=pl&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjH0fT687XZAhWB_qQKHbS5DqoQ6AEwEnoECAEQAQ#v=onepage&q=persian%20lime%20originated%20in%20persia&f=false ^ Jonathan H. Crane and Jason L. Osborne (2015), Growing 'Tahiti' Limes in the Home Landscape, University of Florida, IFAS Extension  ^ CBI Product Factsheet: Fresh Limes in Europe ^ Mexican lemons, limes attract U.S. importers, 6/9/2008, by Don Schrack[permanent dead link] ^ Bearss lime at Citrus
Variety Collection Website ^ Page lime ^ Persian lime
Persian lime
SPB-7 ^ Pond's lime ^ Tahiti lime

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Citrus

Data related to Citrus
latifolia at Wikispecies Tahiti lime botany, agriculture, and history

v t e


True species

Australian and Papuan wild limes Byeonggyul Citron Clymenia Indian wild orange Ichang papeda Kumquat Mandarin Mangshanyegan Micrantha Pomelo

Major hybrids

Grapefruit Lemon Lime Orange

True and hybrid cultivars

Alemow Amanatsu Bergamot orange Bizzaria Bitter orange Blood lime Blood orange Buddha's hand Cam sành Cara cara navel Cherry orange Citrange Citrumelo Clementine Daidai Dekopon Fairchild tangerine Florentine citron Hassaku orange Hebesu Hyuganatsu Imperial lemon Iyokan Jabara Jaffa orange Kabbad Kabosu Kaffir lime Kakadu lime Kalpi Key lime Khasi papeda Kinnow Kishumikan Kiyomi Komikan Laraha Lumia Mandelo Mandora Melanesian papeda Melogold Meyer lemon Murcott Myrtle-leaved orange tree Ōgonkan Orangelo/Chironja Oroblanco Palestinian sweet lime Persian lime Pixie mandarin Ponderosa lemon Ponkan Rangpur Reikou Rhobs el Arsa Rough lemon Sanboken Satsuma mandarin Setoka Shangjuan Shonan Gold Sudachi Sweet lemon Sweet limetta Tangelo Tangerine Tangor Ugli fruit Valencia orange Variegated pink lemon Winged lime Xã Đoài orange Yuukou mandarin Yuzu


Balady citron Corsican citron Diamante citron Fingered citron Greek citron Moroccan citron Yemenite citron

Mandarin oranges

Cleopatra mandarin Shīkwāsā Nanfengmiju


halimii or Mountain "citron" Ichang papeda


Banpeiyu Dangyuja

Australian and Papuan citrus (Microcitrus, Eromocitrus, Clymenia and Oxanthera subgenera)

Australian outback lime Australian round lime Brown River finger lime Desert lime Mount white lime (Microcitrus) New Guinea wild lime Russell River lime Clymenia Oxanthera

hybrids (×Citrofortunella)

Calamondin Citrangequat Limequat Orangequat Procimequat Sunquat Yuzuquat

Related genus

Poncirus/Trifoliate orange


Chūhai Curaçao Grapefruit
juice Lemonade Limeade Orange juice Yuja-hwachae Yuja tea


Calcium citrate Citric acid Lemonene Limonene Neroli Orange flower water Orange oil Orangeat Succade Zest


Black spot CTV/Tristeza Exocortis Greening Mal secco Phytophthora


Related topics

The Citrus
Industry Citrus
production Citrus
rootstock Citrus
taxonomy Cold-hardy citrus Hesperidium Japanese citrus List of citrus fruits Mother Orange Tree Orangery University of California
Experiment Station University of California, Riverside Citrus
Variety Collection

Book Category Production Commons

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1520920 EPPO: CIDLA GBIF: 3831655 GRIN: 314291 IPNI: 77128544-1 NCBI: 200541 T