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Penwortham
Penwortham
(/ˈpɛnwərðəm/) is a town in South Ribble, Lancashire, England, on the south bank of the River Ribble
River Ribble
facing the city of Preston. The town is at the most westerly crossing point of the river, with major road and rail links crossing it here. The population of the town at the 2011 census was 23,047.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Demography 3 Geography 4 Landmarks 5 Education 6 Public services and amenities 7 Transport 8 Notable people 9 Community events 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] The distinctive town name is derived from pen (meaning a hill), wort (meaning green) and ham (meaning settlement) with earlier names of Peneverdant and Pendrecham in 1200; Penwrtham in 1204; Penuertham in 1212; Penwortham
Penwortham
1260 and Penewrthamn in 1292.[2]

The motte of Penwortham
Penwortham
Castle

The town's history can be traced to pre-historic times with archaeological evidence showing that the ford at Middleforth was used to cross the Ribble. Penwortham
Penwortham
was listed in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as "Penverdent". At the Norman conquest
Norman conquest
in 1066 the Barony was held by King Edward.[2] In the 12th century Penwortham
Penwortham
was the head of a barony held by Warine Bussel which included a large part of Leyland Hundred and manors in West Derby and Amounderness. Penwortham
Penwortham
Castle, a motte-and-bailey castle was built during the post-Norman conquest period overlooking the Ribble and its ford[2] by Roger of Poitou and served to guard the estuary and a ford crossing it. After Roger built Lancaster Castle, Penwortham
Penwortham
declined in importance. Some evidence of this castle is still evident in St Mary's Churchyard but only the mound remains. In later centuries a manor house was built, but no evidence remains. The barony was acquired by Roger de Lacy
Roger de Lacy
in 1205, and descended as part of the Honour of Clitheroe
Honour of Clitheroe
to the Earls and Dukes of Lancaster and the Crown.[2] In the 16th century there were disputes about suit and service due to the court of Penwortham
Penwortham
from the members of the fee. Charles I sold the royal manor to Edward Ditchfield and others in 1628 and it later passed to the Faringtons of Worden in Leyland. Courts were held until the late 19th century. Court rolls and books are kept at Worden Hall.[2] Penwortham Priory
Penwortham Priory
was built in the west of the town. Higher Penwortham
Penwortham
has an old legend linked to it. The Fairy
Fairy
Funeral seen on the road through Penwortham
Penwortham
Wood, was thought to forecast death. Penwortham
Penwortham
Hall, formerly called "The Lodge", was built in 1801 by John Horrocks, founder of the Preston cotton-manufacturing industry. It was sold by his son Peter to William Marshall, whose son Frederick died in 1889. It was left by Frederick to his sister, the wife of Rev. T. Ross Finch.[2] The property, which is a Grade II listed building, is today used as a series of private dwellings.[3] The parish was part of Preston Rural District throughout its existence from 1894 to 1974.[4] In 1974 the parish became part of the Borough of South Ribble. Demography[edit] Penwortham
Penwortham
is one of the largest civil parishes by population in Lancashire, with a population of 23,436 recorded in the 2001 census.[5] The town's development closely resembles that of Preston. Geography[edit] The Middleforth, Lower Penwortham, area was developed during the Victorian period which is evidenced by the large number of terrace housing along Leyland Road and the surrounding streets. Higher Penwortham
Penwortham
is characterised by its 1920s and onwards, post-war semi-detached housing. In recent times there have been several new housing developments, especially around the Broad Oak Farm, Bee Lane, Kingsfold Drive, Stricklands Lane and Factory Lane areas of the town.

Places adjacent to Penwortham

River Ribble, Preston River Ribble, Preston River Ribble, Preston

Ribble Estuary,

Penwortham

Walton-le-Dale

Hutton, New Longton Whitestake, Farington Lostock Hall

Landmarks[edit]

Penwortham
Penwortham
Mill

Penwortham Priory
Penwortham Priory
was built for the Rawsthorne family and redesigned by the Cumbrian architect George Webster. The priory was demolished due to the rapid expansion of the area and the need for new housing. Penwortham
Penwortham
Church Lodge was originally situated on Penwortham
Penwortham
Hill towards Preston, but as a consequence of widening the A59 road
A59 road
the lodge was taken down and removed to a residential road in Hutton. Penwortham
Penwortham
Water Tower was built in the late 19th century and has been converted to a dwelling. It is part of a development of semi-detached cottages built for employees of the local squire, Lawrence Rawstorne.[6] Education[edit] As well as a number of primary schools, the three high schools in Penwortham
Penwortham
are All Hallows Catholic High School, Penwortham
Penwortham
Girls' High School and Penwortham Priory
Penwortham Priory
Academy. All are situated in proximity to Liverpool Road, in the centre of the town. Public services and amenities[edit] Penwortham
Penwortham
has two supermarkets, a Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
which was converted from a Kwik Save
Kwik Save
in 2007, and a Booth's which opened in the mid-1960s. There are three fish and chip shops. Penwortham
Penwortham
Leisure Centre, is part of Penwortham Priory
Penwortham Priory
Academy, whose swimming pool is used by the general public. One of Lancashire's oldest charities, Galloway's Society for the Blind, established in 1867, has had its headquarters in Penwortham since 1950. The charity provides services to 6,500 blind and visually impaired people across Lancashire
Lancashire
and beyond. Transport[edit]

River Ribble
River Ribble
from Penwortham
Penwortham
Bridge

The area has now nearly merged with Preston with excellent transport links across the river. Higher Penwortham
Penwortham
is situated on the A59 road which leads into Preston via the "Preston Flyover", which is the main crossing over the river. Penwortham Cop Lane railway station was on the West Lancashire
Lancashire
Railway between Preston and Southport, until the line closed in 1964. The cutting which carried the railway under Cop Lane has been widened and now carries the A582 Penwortham
Penwortham
bypass. Bus routes serving Penwortham
Penwortham
are provided by Preston Bus
Preston Bus
and Stagecoach and, until its closure, by John Fishwick & Sons.[7] Notable people[edit]

Former footballer and now TV pundit Mark Lawrenson was born in Penwortham. Former WWE
WWE
wrestler Wade Barrett
Wade Barrett
(real name Stu Bennett) grew up in Penwortham. Jessica Taylor from pop group Liberty X
Liberty X
lived in Penwortham. Former England
England
international and Ashes-winning cricketer Andrew Flintoff is currently signed to the local cricket club.

Community events[edit] Throughout the year, many events are run in Penwortham
Penwortham
to bring together the community and celebrate different occasions. The longest running event, Penwortham
Penwortham
Gala, is held annually on Hurst Grange Park, starting with a procession of floats that are filled with children from local primary schools and community organisations. This is followed by entertainment, stalls and a funfair throughout the day and into the evening.[8] Penwortham
Penwortham
Live had its second event after beginning in April 2013, as a festival of music, art, drama and poetry. Live entertainment was available over the weekend throughout many local businesses, predominantly on the main high street, Liverpool Road.[9] Penwortham
Penwortham
Christmas market is an annual festive market located on Liverpool Road. A one-day event in December, offering craft stalls, gifts, food and drink and entertainment.[10] See also[edit]

Lancashire
Lancashire
portal

Listed buildings in Penwortham

References[edit]

^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 17 January 2016.  ^ a b c d e f 'Townships: Penwortham', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (1911), pp. 56–61 accessed 17 October 2010. ^ " Penwortham
Penwortham
Hall (incorporating Penwortham
Penwortham
Lodge), Penwortham" at britishlistedbuildings.co.uk ^ Preston RD, Vision of Britain, accessed 9 June 2014 ^ "Parish headcount" (PDF). Lancashire
Lancashire
Parish Portal. Lancashire County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 December 2006. Retrieved 10 January 2009.  ^ https://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/73144 ^ "Bus Timetables". Lancashire
Lancashire
County Council. Retrieved 16 October 2016.  ^ "Gala day for Penwortham". Lancashire
Lancashire
Evening Post.  ^ " Penwortham
Penwortham
Live returns for 2014". Blog Preston.  ^ " Penwortham
Penwortham
Christmas Market". Where can we go. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Penwortham.

Penwortham
Penwortham
Town Council Simple History of Penwortham

v t e

Geography of the Borough of South Ribble

Towns

Leyland Penwortham

Suburbs

Moss Side Walton Summit

Villages

Bamber Bridge Coupe Green Farington Farington
Farington
Moss Gregson Lane Higher Walton Howick Cross Hutton Longton Lostock Hall Mellor Brook Midge Hall Much Hoole New Longton Samlesbury Walmer Bridge Walton-le-Dale Whitestake

Parishes

Cuerdale Farington Hutton Little Hoole Longton Much Hoole Penwortham Samlesbury

Topography

Ribble Estuary West Lancashire
Lancashire
Coastal Plain

Rivers

Darwen Douglas Lostock Ribble

Parks

Worden Park

v t e

Ceremonial county of Lancashire

North West England
North West England
Portal

Unitary authorities

Blackburn
Blackburn
with Darwen Blackpool

Boroughs or districts

City of Lancaster City of Preston Burnley Chorley Fylde Hyndburn Pendle Ribble Valley Rossendale South Ribble West Lancashire Wyre

Major settlements

Accrington Adlington Bacup Barnoldswick Blackburn Blackpool Brierfield Burnley Carnforth Chorley Cleveleys Clitheroe Colne Darwen Earby Fleetwood Garstang Great Harwood Haslingden Kirkham Lancaster Leyland Longridge Lytham St Annes Morecambe Nelson Ormskirk Oswaldtwistle Padiham Penwortham Poulton-le-Fylde Preesall Preston Rawtenstall Rishton Skelmersdale Waterfoot Whitworth See also: List of civil parishes in Lancashire

Rivers

Calder Darwen Douglas Hodder Irwell Lune Ribble Wyre

Canals

Lancaster Leeds and Liverpool

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements Schools SSSIs Country houses Grade I buildings Grade II* buildings History Museums Lord Lieuten

.