PENWORTHAM (/ˈpɛnwərðəm/ ) is a town in
South Ribble ,
Lancashire, England, on the south bank of the
River Ribble facing the
city of Preston . The town is at the most westerly crossing point of
the river, with major road and rail links crossing it here. The
population of the town at the 2011 census was 23,047.
* 1 History
* 2 Demography
* 3 Geography
* 4 Landmarks
* 5 Education
* 6 Public services and amenities
* 7 Transport
* 8 Notable people
* 9 Community events
* 10 See also
* 11 References
* 12 External links
The distinctive town name is derived from pen (meaning a hill), wort
(meaning green) and ham (meaning settlement) with earlier names of
Peneverdant and Pendrecham in 1200; Penwrtham in 1204; Penuertham in
Penwortham 1260 and Penewrthamn in 1292. The motte of
The town's history can be traced to pre-historic times with
archaeological evidence showing that the ford at Middleforth was used
to cross the Ribble.
Penwortham was listed in the
Domesday Book as
"Penverdent". At the
Norman conquest in 1066 the Barony was held by
King Edward . In the 12th century
Penwortham was the head of a barony
held by Warine Bussel which included a large part of Leyland Hundred
and manors in West Derby and
Penwortham Castle , a
motte-and-bailey castle was built during the post-Norman conquest
period overlooking the Ribble and its ford by
Roger of Poitou and
served to guard the estuary and a ford crossing it. After Roger built
Lancaster Castle ,
Penwortham declined in importance. Some evidence of
this castle is still evident in St Mary\'s Churchyard but only the
mound remains. In later centuries a manor house was built, but no
The barony was acquired by
Roger de Lacy
Roger de Lacy in 1205, and descended as
part of the
Honour of Clitheroe to the Earls and Dukes of Lancaster
and the Crown. In the 16th century there were disputes about suit and
service due to the court of
Penwortham from the members of the fee .
Charles I sold the royal manor to Edward Ditchfield and others in 1628
and it later passed to the Faringtons of Worden in Leyland. Courts
were held until the late 19th century. Court rolls and books are kept
at Worden Hall.
Penwortham Priory was built in the west of the town.
Penwortham has an old legend linked to it. The
seen on the road through
Penwortham Wood, was thought to forecast
Penwortham Hall, formerly called "The Lodge", was built in 1801 by
John Horrocks , founder of the Preston cotton-manufacturing industry.
It was sold by his son Peter to William Marshall, whose son Frederick
died in 1889. It was left by Frederick to his sister, the wife of Rev.
T. Ross Finch. The property, which is a
Grade II listed building , is
today used as a series of private dwellings.
The parish was part of
Preston Rural District throughout its
existence from 1894 to 1974. In 1974 the parish became part of the
South Ribble .
Penwortham is one of the largest civil parishes by population in
Lancashire, with a population of 23,436 recorded in the 2001 census .
The town's development closely resembles that of Preston.
The Middleforth, Lower Penwortham, area was developed during the
Victorian period which is evidenced by the large number of terrace
housing along Leyland Road and the surrounding streets. Higher
Penwortham is characterised by its 1920s and onwards, post-war
semi-detached housing .
In recent times there have been several new housing developments,
especially around the Broad Oak Farm, Bee Lane, Kingsfold Drive,
Stricklands Lane and Factory Lane areas of the town. ‹ The template
below (Geographic location ) is being considered for deletion. See
templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›
ADJACENT PLACES OF PENWORTHAM
River Ribble , Preston
River Ribble , Preston
River Ribble , Preston
Ribble Estuary ,
Penwortham Priory was built for the Rawsthorne family and redesigned
by the Cumbrian architect George Webster . The priory was demolished
due to the rapid expansion of the area and the need for new housing.
Penwortham Church Lodge was originally situated on
towards Preston, but as a consequence of widening the
A59 road the
lodge was taken down and removed to a residential road in Hutton .
Penwortham Water Tower was built in the late 19th century and has been
converted to a dwelling. It is part of a development of semi-detached
cottages built for employees of the local squire, Lawrence Rawstorne.
As well as a number of primary schools, the three high schools in
All Hallows Catholic High School ,
High School and
Penwortham Priory Academy . All are situated in
proximity to Liverpool Road , in the centre of the town.
PUBLIC SERVICES AND AMENITIES
Penwortham has two supermarkets, a Sainsbury\'s which was converted
Kwik Save in 2007, and a Booth\'s which opened in the
mid-1990s. There are three fish and chip shops .
Penwortham Leisure Centre, is part of
Penwortham Priory Academy,
whose swimming pool is used by the general public.
Lancashire 's oldest charities, Galloway\'s Society for the
Blind , established in 1867, has had its headquarters in Penwortham
since 1950. The charity provides services to 6,500 blind and visually
impaired people across
Lancashire and beyond.
River Ribble from
The area has now nearly merged with Preston with excellent transport
links across the river. Higher
Penwortham is situated on the A59 road
which leads into Preston via the "Preston Flyover ", which is the main
crossing over the river.
Penwortham Cop Lane railway station was on the
Lancashire Railway between Preston and
Southport , until the line
closed in 1964. The cutting which carried the railway under Cop Lane
has been widened and now carries the A582