The Info List - Penitential Rite

--- Advertisement ---

In Roman Catholicism and Lutheranism, the Penitential Rite, also known as confession that takes place at the start of each Divine Service or Mass.[citation needed]


1 Usage in Roman Catholicism

1.1 In the ordinary form of the Roman Rite
Roman Rite
Mass 1.2 Pre-1970 Roman Missal

2 Usage in Lutheranism

2.1 Beliefs 2.2 Formula

3 References 4 External links

Usage in Roman Catholicism[edit] In the ordinary form of the Roman Rite
Roman Rite
Mass[edit] In the Roman Catholic Church, the ordinary form of the Mass was promulgated in 2000 as Third edition of the Roman Missal. In the ordinary form, the Penitential Act is part of the Introductory Rites. It follows the greeting in the order of Mass.[1] The three formulas of the Penitential Act are:

Formula A - usually called the Confiteor
and contains a mea culpa

Formula B - a short dialogue between the priest and congregation.

Formula C - a dialogue said or sung by the deacon or priest, or sung by the cantor. It contains three tropes, each followed by and acclamation ( Kyrie
or Christe Eleison)

The formula of absolution which concludes all three formulas. Formula C, which allows freedom for the celebrant to formulate similar acclamations with a more eucharistic tone, is recommended by many prominent liturgist.[2] They ask “why run the risk of individualizing members of the assembly in a penitential mode after they have gathered precisely as a worshipping community?”[3] The Penitential Act is followed by the Kyrie
eleison chant (unless the third of the three formulas, which incorporates the Kyrie, has been chosen as the Penitential Act), the Gloria (if used), and the Collect, which concludes the Introductory Rites.[4] If certain celebrations are combined with Mass, then the Penitential Act and other parts of the Introductory Rites are omitted or performed in a different way.[5] An example is the Mass of Ash Wednesday, in which the Penitential Act is replaced by the blessing and imposition of ashes after the homily. "On Sundays, especially in the Season of Easter, in place of the customary Penitential Act, from time to time the Blessing and Sprinkling of Water
to recall Baptism may take place."[6] Pre-1970 Roman Missal[edit] In the Tridentine Mass
Tridentine Mass
the Confiteor
prayer is part of the Prayers at the Foot of the Altar. The formula in Liturgical Latin
Liturgical Latin

℣ (Priest): "Confíteor Deo omnipoténti, beátæ Maríæ semper Vírgini, beáto Michaéli Archángelo, beáto Ioánni Baptístæ, sanctis Apóstolis Petro et Páulo, ómnibus Sanctis, et vobis, fratres: quia peccávi nimis cogitatióne, verbo, et ópere: mea culpa, mea culpa, mea máxima culpa. Ideo precor beátam Maríam semper Virginem, beátum Michaélem Archángelum, beátum Ioánnem Baptístam, sanctos Apóstolos Petrum et Páulum, omnes Sanctos, et vos, fratres, oráre pro me ad Dóminum Deum nostrum. " ℟ ( Deacon
and subdeacon at a solemn Mass, server(s) at a low Mass, or server(s) and people at a dialogue Mass): "Misereátur tui omnípotens Deus, et dimíssis peccátis tuis, perdúcat te ad vitam ætérnam. " ℣: "Amen "

The others then, on their part, recite the Confiteor, replacing vobis fratres with tibi pater and vos fratres with te pater. The Misereatur is spoken by the priest replacing tui with vestri, tuis with vestris, and te with vos. The formula of absolution, known by its incipit Indulgentiam absolutionem, which concludes the rite is:

℣ (Priest): "Indulgéntiam, absolutiónem, et remissiónem peccatórum nostrórum, tríbuat nobis omnípotens et miséricors Dóminus. " ℟: "Amen "

Usage in Lutheranism[edit] Beliefs[edit] Sometimes known as "general confession", the Lutheran Penitential Rite[7] is done at the start of each Mass. The pastor and congregation say the Confiteor
and the pastor says the Declaration of Grace. The Declaration of Grace is not an absolution. In Lutheran practice, the sacramental rite of confession is its own separate service, and private confession is expected before partaking of the Eucharist.[8] Formula[edit] Pastor: "If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us." People: "But if we confess our sins, God who is faithful and just will forgive our sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness." Pastor: "Let us then confess our sins to God our Father." People: "Most merciful God, we confess that we are by nature sinful and unclean. We have sinned against you in thought, word, and deed, by what we have done and by what we have left undone. We have not loved You with our whole heart; we have not loved our neighbors as ourselves. We justly deserve Your present and eternal punishment. For the sake of Your Son, Jesus Christ, have mercy on us. Forgive us, renew us, and lead us, so that we may delight in Your will and walk in Your ways to the glory of your Holy Name. Amen." Pastor: "In the mercy of almighty God, Jesus Christ was given to die for us, and for His sake God forgives us all our sins. To those who believe in Jesus Christ He gives the power to become the children of God and bestows on them the Holy Spirit. May the Lord, who has begun this good work in us, bring it to completion in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.[9]" References[edit]

^ https://www.dropbox.com/s/en6h3a7awzq47dh/THE%20ROMAN%20MISSAL.pdf?dl=0 ^ Leon-Dufour, Xavier, Sharing the Eucharistic Bread, New Jersey: Paulist Press, 1987, ISBN 0809128659. Boyer, Louis, Eucharist, Indiana: Notre Dame Press, 1989, p.318, ISBN 0268004986. Von Balthasar, Hans Urs, Church and World, Herder and Herder, 1967, p.32, ASIN: B001UESR2I. ^ Grigassy, Daniel, in Dictionary of Sacramental Worship, ed. Peter E. Fink. Collegeville MN: Liturgical Press, 1991, pp.944f. ^ General Instruction of the Roman Missal, 52-54 ^ General Instruction of the Roman Missal, 46 ^ General Instruction of the Roman Missal, 51 ^ [1]. Retrieved 2010-03-12. ^ Apology of the Augsburg Confession, article 24, paragraph 1. Retrieved 2010-01-30. ^ (Lutheran Service Book, Divine Service I)

External links[edit]

The Order of the Mass

v t e

Structure of the Mass of the Roman Rite
Roman Rite
of the Catholic Church


Pre-Tridentine Mass Tridentine Mass

Extraordinary form

Mass of Paul VI


Low Mass Missa Cantata Solemn Mass Pontifical High Mass Papal Mass Ritual Masses

Blue Mass Chapter and Conventual Mass Coronation Mass Nuptial Mass Red Mass Requiem

sine populo Votive Mass

Order of Mass


Vesting prayers in the sacristy Asperges

Vidi aquam in Eastertide

Liturgy of the Word

Sign of the Cross Psalm 43 Entrance Antiphon Penitential Rite

/ Kyrie

Gloria Dominus vobiscum Collect


First Reading Responsorial Psalm or Gradual Epistle Alleluia

Gospel verse / sequence

Gospel Homily Credo

Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed
Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed
or Apostles' Creed

General Intercessions

Liturgy of the Eucharist


Orate fratres / prayer over the gifts


Sursum corda / Sanctus
/ Hosanna

Eucharistic Prayer/Canon of the Mass

oblation / epiclesis / Words of Institution
Words of Institution
/ elevation / anamnesis texts and rubrics Roman Canon


Eucharistic Prayer II

Memorial Acclamation Lord's Prayer

embolism / doxology

Pax Sign of peace Agnus Dei Fraction Holy Communion

Communion antiphon

Ablutions Postcommunion Dismissal

Ite, missa est
Ite, missa est
/ Benedicamus Domino

Last Gospel


Leonine Prayers Recessional hymn


Acolyte Altar server


Bishop Boat boy Cantor Choir Crucifer Deacon Extraordinary minister of Holy Communion Laity

Eucharistic Congress

Lector Priest Subdeacon Usher

Parts of the Sanctuary / Altar

Altar crucifix Altar rails Ambo Communion bench Credence table Kneeler Lavabo Misericord Piscina Tabernacle

Altar cloths

Altar linens Antependium Burse Chalice veil Corporal Lavabo
towel Pall Purificator

Candles and lamps

Altar candle Altar candlestick Paschal candle Sanctuary lamp Triple candlestick Votive candle

Liturgical objects

Altar bell Aspergillum Censer Chalice Ciborium Collection basket Cruet Flabellum Funghellino Holy water Incense


Manuterge Paten Processional cross Pyx Sacramental bread


Sacramental wine
Sacramental wine
(or must) Thurible Water

Liturgical books of the Roman Rite

Ceremonial of Bishops Evangeliary

Gospel Book

Graduale Lectionary Roman Missal


Alb Amice Chasuble Dalmatic Episcopal sandals Liturgical colours Headcover Humeral veil Pallium Pontifical Stole Surplice Tunicle Vimpa

Liturgical year (Roman Calendar)

Advent Christmastide Ordinary Time Septuagesima Lent Passiontide Holy Week

Paschal Triduum

Eastertide Ascensiontide

Eucharistic discipline

Abstemius Anima Christi Concelebration Church etiquette Closed communion Communion and the developmentally disabled Communion under both kinds Denial of Communion

Canon 915

Eucharistic fast First Communion Frequent Communion Genuflection Host desecration Infant communion Intinction Reserved sacrament Thanksgiving after Communion Viaticum

Eucharistic theology

Body and Blood of Christ Corpus Christi (feast) Crucifixion of Jesus
Crucifixion of Jesus
and substitutionary atonement Epiousios Grace ex opere operato In persona Christi Historical roots of Catholic Eucharistic theology Koinonia Last Supper Mirae caritatis Mysterium fidei (encyclical) Origin of the Eucharist Real presence Transubstantiation Year of the Eucharist Stercoranism

Regulations and concepts

Ad orientem
Ad orientem
and versus populum Calendar of saints Canon law Code of Rubrics Commemoration Ecclesiastical Latin General Instruction of the Roman Missal Holy day of obligation Intercession of saints Ordinary and propers Pro multis Sunday

Lord's Day



Agape feast Catholic liturgy Christian prayer

effects of prayer

Congregation for Divine Worship Council of Trent Ecclesia de Eucharistia Eucharistic adoration
Eucharistic adoration
and benediction

Dominicae Cenae
Dominicae Cenae
/ Holy Hour

Eucharistic miracle Fermentum Fourth Council of the Lateran Gelineau psalmody Gregorian chant History of the Roman Canon Lex orandi, lex credendi Liturgical Movement Liturgical reforms of Pope Pius XII Mediator Dei Missale Romanum (apostolic constitution) Pope Paul VI Catholic theology Sacraments of the Catholic Church Second Vatican Council

Sacrosanctum Concilium

Summorum Pontificum Tra le sollecitudini

Catholicism portal

v t e

Order of the Divine Service in Lutheranism

Preparatory Service

Entrance hymn and Trinitarian formula
Trinitarian formula
(known as the Invocation) Penitential Rite
Penitential Rite
including the Confiteor
and Declaration of Grace (or Asperges
on Easter)

The Service of the Word

Introit Gloria Patri Kýrie Gloria Dominus vobiscum Oremus Collect Old Testament
Old Testament
reading gradual (or Responsorial Psalm) Epistle Alleluia
(tract during Lent) Gospel Hymn of the day Homily or Postil (Sermon) Nicene Creed
Nicene Creed
( Athanasian Creed
Athanasian Creed
on Trinity Sunday) Offertory Prayers of the Faithful

The Service of the Eucharist

Preface ( Sursum corda / Sanctus
/ Hosanna) Eucharistic Prayer ( Epiclesis
/ Words of Institution
Words of Institution
/ Memorial Acclamation) Lord's Prayer Sign of peace / pax (elevation) Agnus Dei Distribution Nunc dimittis Postcommunion Benedicamus Domino Benediction Dismissal Ite, missa est


Acolyte bishop cantor choir crucifer deacon elder laity lector Pastor (or Priest) usher

Parts of the Sanctuary

altar altar bell altar crucifix altar rails kneeler piscina processional cross tabernacle


altar candle paschal candle sanctuary lamp votive candle

Liturgical vessels

ciborium chalice cruet

Liturgical objects

collection basket holy water incense (use) paten sacramental bread (wafer) sacramental wine thurible


alb chasuble dalmatic geneva gown humeral veil stole surplice tunicle

Liturgical books and hymnals

Agenda Christian Worship
Christian Worship
(Supplement) Evangelical Lutheran Hymn-Book Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary Evangelical Lutheran Worship Lutheran Book of Worship Lutheran Hymnal Lutheran Hymnal with Supplement Lutheran Service Book Lutheran Worship Service Book and Hymnal