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Coordinates: 4°0′N 102°30′E / 4.000°N 102.500°E / 4.000; 102.500

Landsat false-colour mosaic of Peninsular Malaysia.

Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
also known as Malaya or West Malaysia, is the part of Malaysia
Malaysia
which lies on the Malay Peninsula
Malay Peninsula
and surrounding islands. Its area is 130,590 square kilometres (50,420 sq mi), about 39.5% area of the country or slightly smaller than England. It shares a land border with Thailand
Thailand
in the north. To the south is the island of Singapore.[1] Across the Strait of Malacca
Strait of Malacca
to the west lies the Sumatra
Sumatra
Island (Indonesia) and across the South China Sea
South China Sea
to the east lies the Natuna Islands (Indonesia). Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
accounts for the majority (roughly 80%) of Malaysia's population and economy; as of 2015 its population is roughly 25 million.

Contents

1 States and territories 2 Etymology 3 Demographics 4 Other features

4.1 East Coast and West Coast 4.2 West and East Malaysia

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

States and territories[edit]

A map of Malaya.

Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
consists of the following 11 states and two federal territories (starting from the North going to the South):

Northern Region: Perlis, Kedah, Penang, Perak East Coast Region: Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang Central Region: Selangor, federal territories of Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
and Putrajaya Southern Region: Negeri Sembilan, Melaka, Johor

Etymology[edit] See also: Malaysia
Malaysia
§ Etymology

The topography of Peninsular Malaysia.

Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
is also known as West Malaysia
Malaysia
( Malaysia
Malaysia
Barat) or (Tanah Melayu).[2][3] Demographics[edit] Further information: Demographics of Malaysia

Ethnicity in Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
(2015)   Bumiputera (Malay) (59.7%)   Chinese (23.6%)   Indian (8.1%)   Non - Malaysian Citizen (6.4%)   Indigenous (Aslian) / Non - Malay Bumiputera (1.6%)   Others (0.6%)

Religion in Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
– 2010 Census

religion

percent

Islam

63.9%

Buddhism

22.5%

Hinduism

7.8%

Christianity

3.1%

Chinese folk religion

0.9%

Unknown / None

0.8%

No religion

0.6%

Others

0.4%

The majority of people on Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
are ethnic Malays, predominantly Muslim.[4] Large Chinese and Indian populations exist. The Orang Asli
Orang Asli
are the indigenous people of Peninsular Malaysia; they number around 140,000 and mostly lived in inland parts of the region.[citation needed] Other features[edit] East Coast and West Coast[edit] The term East Coast is particularly used in Malaysia
Malaysia
to describe the following states in Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
facing the South China Sea, a component of the Pacific Ocean:

Kelantan Pahang Terengganu

The term West Coast refers informally to a collection of states in Penimsular situated towards the western coast generally facing the Strait of Malacca
Strait of Malacca
which is a component of the Indian Ocean, as opposed to the East Coast. Unlike the East Coast, the West Coast is partitioned further into three regions (as seen in #States and territories), including:

The Northern Region: Perlis, Kedah, Penang
Penang
and Perak. The Central Region: Selangor
Selangor
and the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya. The Southern Region: Negeri Sembilan, Melaka
Melaka
and Johor.

Even though Johor
Johor
has a coastline facing the South China Sea
South China Sea
on the Pacific Ocean, it is not generally regarded as an East Coast state, since the main coastline of the state is located on the Straits of Johor
Johor
of the Indian Ocean. West and East Malaysia[edit] The distinction between West and East Malaysia
Malaysia
(Sabah and Sarawak) is significant beyond the sphere of geography, because as well as they were separate regions before the formation of The Federation of Malaysia, thus having a different court structure, and the eastern states have more autonomy than the original States of Malaya, for example, autonomy in immigration. These rights were granted as part of Sarawak's 18-point agreement
18-point agreement
and Sabah's 20-point agreement
20-point agreement
with Federation of Malaya
Federation of Malaya
in forming the Federation of Malaysia. See also[edit]

Malaysia
Malaysia
portal

Malaya (other) Malayan dollar

References[edit]

^ "Malaya".  ^ Mohamed Anwar Omar Din (2012). "Legitimacy of the Malays as the Sons of the Soil". Canadian Center of Science and Education. pp. 80–81. ISSN 1911-2025.  ^ Reid, Anthony (2010). Imperial alchemy : nationalism and political identity in Southeast Asia. Cambridge University Press. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-521-87237-9.  ^ "Some aspects of Malay- Muslim
Muslim
Ethnicity in Malaya". June 1981. JSTOR 25797648. 

External links[edit]

Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Malaysia articles

History

Timeline Prehistoric Portuguese Malacca Dutch Malacca British Malaya

Straits Settlements Federated Malay States Unfederated Malay States

British Borneo

Kingdom of Sarawak Crown Colony of Labuan North Borneo

Japanese occupation of Malaya
Japanese occupation of Malaya
/ Borneo British Military Administration (Malaya / Borneo) Malayan Union Federation of Malaya

Independence

Malayan Emergency Crown Colony of Singapore

Self-government

Crown Colony of Sarawak

Self-government

Crown Colony of North Borneo

Self-government

Malaysia
Malaysia
Agreement 1962 Singapore
Singapore
referendum Cobbold Commission

18-point agreement 20-point agreement

Indonesia– Malaysia
Malaysia
confrontation Sarawak Communist Insurgency Proclamation

Malaysia
Malaysia
Day

PAP–UMNO relations 1964 race riots Singapore
Singapore
in Malaysia Second Malayan Emergency 13 May Incident 1988 Malaysian constitutional crisis 1997 Asian financial crisis

Geography

Cities, towns and villages Districts Divisions East Malaysia Environment Fauna Flora World Heritage Sites Islands Lakes Mountains National parks Peninsular Malaysia Rivers States

Politics

Cabinet Constitution Elections Foreign relations Government Human rights Judiciary Law Law enforcement Military Monarchies Parliament Political parties Prime Minister State legislative assemblies Head of state

Economy

Agriculture Banks

Central bank

Energy Federal budget Ringgit (currency) States by GDP Science and technology Stock exchange Telecommunications Tourism Transport Unions

Society

Crime Demographics

Malaysians

Education

Post-secondary Universities

Ethnic groups Health Income disparity Languages Poverty Religion Water supply and sanitation Women International rankings

Culture

Architecture Cinema Cuisine Folklore

Mythology

Literature Malay lordship Media Music Names Public holidays Sport

Symbols

Animal Anthem Emblem Flag Flower Pledge

Outline Index

Bo

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