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The Info List - Peninsular Arabic



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PENINSULAR ARABIC, or SOUTHERN ARABIC, is the varieties of Arabic spoken throughout the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
. This includes the countries of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
, Yemen
Yemen
, Oman
Oman
, United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
, Kuwait
Kuwait
, Bahrain
Bahrain
, Qatar
Qatar
, Southern Iraq
Iraq
and the tribal people of Jordan
Jordan
(the native Jordanians).

As this area is the homeland of the Arabic
Arabic
language, the language spoken there is closer to Classical Arabic
Classical Arabic
than elsewhere. Some of the local dialects have retained many archaic features lost in other dialects, such as the conservation of nunation for indeterminate noand . They retain most Classical syntax and vocabulary but still have some differences from Classical Arabic
Classical Arabic
like the other dialects.

VARIETIES

An overview of the different Arabic
Arabic
varieties

The following varieties are usually noted:

* Yemeni Arabic , displays a past conjugation with the very archaic -k suffix, as in southern Semitic languages . It has to be noted that the dialect of Aden
Aden
has /ɡʲ/ > as in Cairo. * Hejazi Arabic , spoken in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
along the coast of the Red Sea , especially in the cities of Mecca
Mecca
and Jeddah
Jeddah
. Strictly speaking, there are two distinct dialects spoken in the Hejaz
Hejaz
region, one by the Bedouin rural population and another by the urban population. However, the term most often applies to the urban variety, spoken in cities such as Jeddah
Jeddah
, Mecca
Mecca
, and Yanbu
Yanbu
. * Najdi Arabic , spoken in the center of the peninsula in Saudi Arabia and is characterized by a shift of /q/ to and /k/ to . * Gulf Arabic (including Omani Arabic , Dhofari Arabic and Shihhi Arabic
Arabic
), spoken in the coast of the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
. * Bahrani Arabic , spoken in Bahrain
Bahrain
and Oman
Oman
. * The dialect of Syrian Desert
Syrian Desert
nomads, with the characteristic feature of /q/ > and /k/ > .

FOOTNOTES

* ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). " Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
Arabic". Glottolog 2.7 . Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

* v * t * e

Arabic
Arabic
language

OVERVIEWS

* Language * Alphabet * History * Romanization * Numerology * Influence on other languages

ALPHABET

* Nabataean alphabet * Perso- Arabic
Arabic
alphabet * Ancient North Arabian

* Ancient South Arabian script

* Zabūr script

* Arabic
Arabic
numerals * Eastern numerals

* Arabic
Arabic
Braille

* Algerian

* Diacritics * i‘jām * Tashkil * Harakat * Tanwin * Shaddah * Hamza * Tāʾ marbūṭah

LETTERS

* ʾAlif * Bāʾ * Tāʾ * Ṯāʾ * Ǧīm * Ḥāʾ * Ḫāʾ * Dāl * Ḏāl * Rāʾ * Zāy * Sīn * Šīn * Ṣād * Ḍād * Ṭāʾ * Ẓāʾ * ʿAyn * Ġayn * Fāʾ * Qāf * Kāf * Lām * Mīm * Nūn * Hāʾ * Wāw * Yāʾ

NOTABLE VARIETIES

ANCIENT

* Proto- Arabic
Arabic
* Old Arabic
Arabic
* Ancient North Arabian * Old South Arabian

STANDARDIZED

* Classical * Modern Standard * Maltese

REGIONAL

* Nilo-Egyptian * Levantine

* Maghrebi

* Pre-Hilalian dialects * Hilalian dialects * Moroccan Darija * Tunisian Arabic
Arabic
* Sa\'idi Arabic
Arabic

* Mesopotamian

* Peninsular

* Yemeni Arabic * Tihamiyya Arabic
Arabic

* Sudanese * Chadian * Modern South Arabian

ETHNIC / RELIGIOUS

* Judeo- Arabic
Arabic

PIDGINS/CREOLES

* Juba Arabic
Arabic
* Nubi language * Babalia Creole Arabic
Arabic
* Maridi Arabic
Arabic
* Maltese

ACADEMIC

* Literature * Names

LINGUISTICS

* Phonology * Sun and moon letters * ʾIʿrāb (inflection) * Grammar * Triliteral root * Mater lectionis * IPA * Quranic Arabic
Arabic
Corpus

* Calligraphy * Script

* Diwani
Diwani
* Jawi script * Kufic
Kufic
* Rasm * Mashq * Hijazi script * Muhaqqaq
Muhaqqaq
* Thuluth * Naskh (script)
Naskh (script)
* Ruqʿah script * Taʿlīq script * Nastaʿlīq script * Shahmukhī script * Sini (script)

TECHNICAL

* Arabic
Arabic
keyboard * Arabic
Arabic
script in Unicode * ISO/IEC 8859-6 * Windows-1256

* MS-DOS codepages

* 708 * 709 * 710 * 711 * 720 * 864

* Mac Arabic
Arabic
encoding

* v * t * e

Varieties of Arabic

PRE-ISLAMIC

* Old Arabic
Arabic

MODERN LITERARY

* Classical * Modern Standard * Maltese

PENINSULAR

NORTHEASTERN

* Gulf

* Omani * Shihhi * Dhofari * Kuwaiti

* Najdi

WESTERN

* Bareqi

* Hejazi

* Sedentary * Bedouin

SOUTHERN

* Baharna

* Yemeni

* Hadhrami * Sanaani * Ta\'izzi-Adeni * Tihami * Judeo-Yemeni

NORTHWESTERN

* Bedouin

EASTERN

MESOPOTAMIAN

* North Mesopotamian

* Cypriot Maronite * Anatolian * Judeo-Iraqi

* South Mesopotamian

* Baghdad Koiné * Khuzestani

CENTRAL ASIAN

* Afghani * Khorasani * Central Asian Arabic
Arabic

LEVANTINE

NORTH LEVANTINE

* North Syrian

* Central Levantine

* Central Syrian * Lebanese

SOUTH LEVANTINE

* Jordanian

* Palestinian

* Urban * Central village

* Outer southern

NILO-EGYPTIAN

* Egyptian * Chadian * Sa\'idi * Sudanese

WESTERN

IBERIAN

* Andalusian

MAGHREBI

PRE-HILALIAN

* Urban

* Eastern Village

* Sahel * Lesser Kabylia

* Western Village

* Traras-Msirda * Mountain

* Judeo-Maghrebi Arabic
Arabic

* Judeo-Moroccan * Judeo-Tripolitanian * Judeo-Tunisian

HILALIAN

* Sulaym

* Libyan koiné

* Eastern Hilal

* Tunisian koiné

* Central Hilal

* Algerian koiné * Central and Saharan * Eastern Algerian * Western Algerian

* Maqil

* Western Moroccan * Eastern Moroccan * Moroccan koiné * Hassānīya

SICULO-ARABIC

* Maltese * Sicilian

UNDESCRIBED

* Shirvani

JUDEO-ARABIC

* Judeo-Iraqi

* Judeo-Baghdadi

* Judeo-Moroccan * Judeo-Tripolitanian * Judeo-Tunisian * Judeo-Yemeni

CREOLES AND PIDGINS

* Babalia * Bimbashi * Juba * Nubi * Maridi * Turku

Italics indicate extinct languages .

This Semitic languages -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

* v * t * e

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