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The Info List - Peninsular Arabic



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PENINSULAR ARABIC, or SOUTHERN ARABIC, is the varieties of Arabic spoken throughout the Arabian Peninsula . This includes the countries of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
, Yemen
Yemen
, Oman
Oman
, United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
, Kuwait
Kuwait
, Bahrain
Bahrain
, Qatar
Qatar
, Southern Iraq
Iraq
and the tribal people of Jordan
Jordan
(the native Jordanians).

As this area is the homeland of the Arabic
Arabic
language, the language spoken there is closer to Classical Arabic
Classical Arabic
than elsewhere. Some of the local dialects have retained many archaic features lost in other dialects, such as the conservation of nunation for indeterminate noand . They retain most Classical syntax and vocabulary but still have some differences from Classical Arabic
Classical Arabic
like the other dialects.

VARIETIES

An overview of the different Arabic
Arabic
varieties

The following varieties are usually noted:

* Yemeni Arabic , displays a past conjugation with the very archaic -k suffix, as in southern Semitic languages
Semitic languages
. It has to be noted that the dialect of Aden
Aden
has /ɡʲ/ > as in Cairo. * Hejazi Arabic
Hejazi Arabic
, spoken in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
along the coast of the Red Sea , especially in the cities of Mecca
Mecca
and Jeddah
Jeddah
. Strictly speaking, there are two distinct dialects spoken in the Hejaz
Hejaz
region, one by the Bedouin
Bedouin
rural population and another by the urban population. However, the term most often applies to the urban variety, spoken in cities such as Jeddah
Jeddah
, Mecca
Mecca
, and Yanbu
Yanbu
. * Najdi Arabic , spoken in the center of the peninsula in Saudi Arabia and is characterized by a shift of /q/ to and /k/ to . * Gulf Arabic (including Omani Arabic , Dhofari Arabic and Shihhi Arabic
Arabic
), spoken in the coast of the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
. * Bahrani Arabic , spoken in Bahrain
Bahrain
and Oman
Oman
. * The dialect of Syrian Desert nomads, with the characteristic feature of /q/ > and /k/ > .

FOOTNOTES

* ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). " Arabian Peninsula Arabic". Glottolog 2.7 . Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

* v * t * e

Arabic
Arabic
language

OVERVIEWS

* Language * Alphabet * History * Romanization * Numerology * Influence on other languages

ALPHABET

* Nabataean alphabet * Perso- Arabic
Arabic
alphabet * Ancient North Arabian

* Ancient South Arabian script

* Zabūr script

* Arabic
Arabic
numerals * Eastern numerals

* Arabic
Arabic
Braille

* Algerian

* Diacritics * i‘jām * Tashkil * Harakat
Harakat
* Tanwin * Shaddah * Hamza
Hamza
* Tāʾ marbūṭah

LETTERS

* ʾAlif * Bāʾ * Tāʾ * Ṯāʾ
Ṯāʾ
* Ǧīm * Ḥāʾ * Ḫāʾ * Dāl * Ḏāl * Rāʾ * Zāy * Sīn * Šīn * Ṣād * Ḍād * Ṭāʾ * Ẓāʾ * ʿAyn * Ġayn * Fāʾ * Qāf * Kāf * Lām * Mīm * Nūn * Hāʾ * Wāw * Yāʾ

NOTABLE VARIETIES

ANCIENT

* Proto- Arabic
Arabic
* Old Arabic
Arabic
* Ancient North Arabian * Old South Arabian
Old South Arabian

STANDARDIZED

* Classical * Modern Standard * Maltese

REGIONAL

* Nilo-Egyptian * Levantine

* Maghrebi

* Pre-Hilalian dialects * Hilalian dialects * Moroccan Darija
Moroccan Darija
* Tunisian Arabic
Arabic
* Sa\'idi Arabic
Arabic

* Mesopotamian

* Peninsular

* Yemeni Arabic * Tihamiyya Arabic
Arabic

* Sudanese * Chadian * Modern South Arabian

ETHNIC / RELIGIOUS

* Judeo- Arabic
Arabic

PIDGINS/CREOLES

* Juba Arabic
Arabic
* Nubi language * Babalia Creole Arabic
Arabic
* Maridi Arabic
Arabic
* Maltese

ACADEMIC

* Literature * Names

LINGUISTICS

* Phonology * Sun and moon letters * ʾIʿrāb (inflection) * Grammar * Triliteral root * Mater lectionis * IPA * Quranic Arabic
Arabic
Corpus

* Calligraphy * Script

* Diwani * Jawi script * Kufic
Kufic
* Rasm * Mashq * Hijazi script * Muhaqqaq * Thuluth * Naskh (script) * Ruqʿah script * Taʿlīq script * Nastaʿlīq script * Shahmukhī script * Sini (script)

TECHNICAL

* Arabic
Arabic
keyboard * Arabic
Arabic
script in Unicode * ISO/IEC 8859-6 * Windows-1256

* MS-DOS codepages

* 708 * 709 * 710 * 711 * 720 * 864

* Mac Arabic