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Penge
Penge
(/pɛndʒ/) is a district of south-east London, in the London Borough of Bromley. It has entered popular culture as the archetypal commuter suburb, but was a fashionable entertainment district in the 19th century and saw notorious murders in the 1870s. Notable residents have included Bill Wyman
Bill Wyman
of The Rolling Stones, Prime Minister Bonar Law and painter Camille Pissarro.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Pensgreene and the Crooked Billet 1.2 Expansion

2 Government 3 Geography

3.1 Nearby areas

4 Economy 5 Culture and community

5.1 Community facilities

6 Landmarks

6.1 Gallery

7 Transport

7.1 Rail 7.2 Buses 7.3 Road

8 Education 9 Religious sites 10 Sport 11 Cultural references 12 Notable residents 13 References 14 External links

History[edit] Penge
Penge
was once a small town, which was recorded under the name Penceat in an Anglo-Saxon deed dating from 957. Most historians believe the name of the town is derived from the Celtic word Penceat, which means "edge of wood" and refers to the fact that the surrounding area was once covered in a dense forest. The original Celtic words of which the name was composed referred to "pen" ("head"), as in the Welsh "pen", and "ceat" ("wood"), similar to the Welsh "coed", as in the name of the town of Pencoed
Pencoed
in Wales. Pensgreene and the Crooked Billet[edit] Penge
Penge
was an inconspicuous area with few residents before the arrival of the railways. A traveller passing through Penge
Penge
would have noticed the large green with a small inn on its boundary. Penge
Penge
Green appears as Pensgreene on Kip's 1607 map.[1] The green was bounded to the north by Penge
Penge
Lane, the west by Beckenham
Beckenham
Road and the southeast by the Crooked Billet. On a modern map that is a very small area, but the modern-day Penge
Penge
Lane and Crooked Billet are not in their original locations, and Beckenham
Beckenham
Road would have been little more than a cart track following the property line on the west side of Penge
Penge
High Street. Penge
Penge
Lane was the road from Penge
Penge
to Sydenham
Sydenham
which is now named St John's Road and Newlands Park Road. There was also an old footpath crossing the Green leading to Sydenham, that was known as Old Penge
Penge
Lane. After the London, Chatham and Dover Railway was built, Penge
Penge
Lane crossed the line by level crossing. When this crossing was closed, Penge
Penge
Lane was renamed and Old Penge
Penge
Lane became the present-day Penge
Penge
Lane. The 1868 Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
map shows the Old Crooked Billet located to the southeast of the current location. This earlier location was on the eastward side of Penge
Penge
Green, which disappeared as a result of the Penge
Penge
Enclosure Act, 1827 which enclosed the whole Green. This left the Crooked Billet with no frontage to Beckenham
Beckenham
Road; hence, new premises were constructed on the present site in 1827, and subsequently replaced in 1840 with a three-storey building. This was severely damaged by enemy action in the Second World War, and subsequently rebuilt.[2]

The Crooked Billet Pub in Penge

The Crooked Billet (pictured right) is by far the oldest public house in Penge. Peter Abbott[3] states that it was there in 1601, and speculates that it might be much more ancient. In modern times it is particularly well known for lending its name to a bus route terminus. From 1914, General Omnibus routes 109 and 609 operated, along different paths, between Bromley
Bromley
Market and the Crooked Billet. The 109 was renumbered 227 by London Transport, and continued to terminate at the Crooked Billet. (Route 609 was shortened, terminating in Beckenham). Around 1950, some services were extended past the Crooked Billet to Crystal Palace. Eventually nearly all buses travelled the extended route. The 354 buses now use the terminus, as do short-running buses on route 194 which carry the destination 'Penge High Street'. William Hone
William Hone
wrote about a visit to the Crooked Billet in 1827[4] and included a detailed sketch of the last building on the original site. Expansion[edit] The London and Croydon Canal
Croydon Canal
was built across Penge Common along what is now the line of the railway through Penge
Penge
West railway station, deviating to the south before Anerley
Anerley
railway station. There is a remnant at the northern corner of Betts Park, Anerley.[5] Following the closure of the canal, the London and Croydon Railway
London and Croydon Railway
was built largely along the same course, opening in 1839. Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Brunel
built an atmospheric railway along this alignment as far as Croydon. The Crystal Palace
The Crystal Palace
pneumatic railway, which ran underground between the Sydenham
Sydenham
and Penge
Penge
entrances to Crystal Palace Park, operated for a short while but proved not to be economically viable. In the Victorian era, Penge
Penge
developed into a fashionable suburb because of the railway line and its proximity to the relocated Crystal Palace. It became a fashionable day out to visit the Crystal Palace during the day and to take the tram down the hill to one of the 'twenty-five pubs to the square mile'[6] that Penge
Penge
was reputed to possess, or the two music halls—The King's Hall (later the Gaumont cinema) and, established in 1915, the Empire Theatre (later the Essoldo cinema).[7][8] By 1862, Stanford's map of London[9] shows large homes had been constructed along Penge
Penge
New Road (now Crystal Palace Park
Crystal Palace Park
Road, Sydenham
Sydenham
and Penge
Penge
High Street), Thick Wood (now Thicket) Road and Anerley
Anerley
Road.[10] This all came to an end in 1875 and 1877, with the notorious Penge
Penge
murders. In 1875 Frederick Hunt murdered his wife and children,[11] then in 1877 a wealthy heiress, Harriet Staunton, together with her infant son, was starved to death by her husband and his associates.[12] In 1934, Elizabeth Jenkins published the novel Harriet, based on the case,[13] whilst Forbes Road was renamed to Mosslea Road because of its connection with the murders. Government[edit] Penge
Penge
formed a part of the parish of Battersea, with the historic county boundary between Kent and Surrey forming its eastern boundary.[14] In 1855 both parts of the parish were included in the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works, with Penge
Penge
Hamlet Vestry electing six members to the Lewisham
Lewisham
District Board of Works.[15] The Local Government Act 1888
Local Government Act 1888
abolished the Metropolitan Board, with its area becoming the County of London. However, the London Government Act 1899 subsequently made provision for Penge
Penge
to be removed from the County of London
County of London
and annexed to either Surrey or Kent. Accordingly, an Order in Council transferred the hamlet to Kent in 1900, constituting it as Penge
Penge
Urban District.[16] The urban district was abolished in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963, and its former area merged with that of other districts to form the London Borough of Bromley. With the creation of the Penge
Penge
Urban District, Penge
Penge
New Road (formerly the part of Beckenham
Beckenham
Road north of Kent House Road) was renamed Penge
Penge
High Street.

Inside the Crystal Palace concert hall 1857

From 1885, the Hamlet of Penge
Penge
was part of the Dulwich
Dulwich
parliamentary constituency, which was then in Surrey, and remained in that seat until 1918, when it was transferred to the new Bromley
Bromley
constituency. From 1950, it was part of the Beckenham
Beckenham
constituency. Since the 2010 general election, Penge
Penge
has formed part of the Lewisham
Lewisham
West and Penge constituency. In local government, Penge
Penge
is contained in the Penge
Penge
and Cator ward, which had a population of 17,326 in 2011. Geography[edit] Penge
Penge
borders the London Borough of Lewisham. It lies west of Bromley and north east of Croydon, and is located 7.1 miles (11.4 km) southeast of Charing Cross. The largest amosite mine in the world, in South Africa, was named Penge
Penge
apparently because one of the British directors thought the two areas were similar in appearance.[17] Nearby areas[edit]

Crystal Palace Sydenham Anerley Beckenham Upper Norwood South Norwood Dulwich Catford

Economy[edit] Many residents commute into central London, or to Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
or other areas of Docklands.[citation needed] It is the only place in the London Borough of Bromley
London Borough of Bromley
to have a London SE postcode covered completely by the London Borough of Bromley
London Borough of Bromley
(this includes Anerley). Culture and community[edit]

Penge
Penge
is home to a number of taverns and public houses; indeed it was noted in Victorian times for its '25 pubs to the square mile'.[18] The Crooked Billet is by far the oldest. The Pawleyne Arms is currently the terminus for the 176 bus service. It was previously an intermediate turning point for short-running buses on the 12, 75 and 194 bus services, becoming the southern terminus for route 12 between 1986 and 1988, when the route was again shortened. The public houses in Maple Road have nearly all changed their names. The Dew Drop Inn was known as The Market Tavern (and featured in the television series The Bill
The Bill
as the Market Tavern in Canley Market) before its closure. The London Tavern became The Hop Exchange and then The Hop House. It was closed by 2006, and in 2009 it was undergoing conversion into residential accommodation. The Lord Palmerston has been delicensed and is now a pizza outlet. The King William IV became The Crown and is now The Maple Tree. Only The Golden Lion (now closed down) has retained its name, although it has extended its premises substantially; it was listed in every edition of the Good Beer Guide from 1976 to 1987.[19] Other public houses in the area include: Bridge House Tavern, Queen Adelaide Arms (closed 2010),The Goldsmiths and The Alexandra (reopened in 2017), Graces (formerly Dr W G Grace), Kent House Tavern (now closed), Robin Hood (closed, subsequently destroyed by fire in 2006 and demolished), Royal Oak (closed 2011), The Mitre, The Goat House (destroyed by fire and now demolished), The Waterman's Arms (now Superdrug), The Anchor (closed circa 1910), The General Simpson (closed), The General Jackson (closed), The Retreat (closed), The Cornish Arms (closed), The Railway Bell (closed), The Thicket Tavern and Hollywood East (closed down) (formerly The Park Tavern). The last-named was the venue for the 1877 inquest into the murder of Harriet Staunton. Penge
Penge
also has several clubs including a Conservative Club. The Penge & District Trade Union & Labour Social Club (CIU) built by local tradesmen in 1922, the former Liberal Club closed in 2005.

Community facilities[edit] Fragments of the original Penge Common still survive as Betts Park
Betts Park
and Cator Park. Winsford Gardens[20] formed part of the grounds of Chesham Park and later Winsford House. Landmarks[edit]

There are several Victorian almshouses in Penge, the oldest being the Free Watermen and Lightermen's Almshouses
Free Watermen and Lightermen's Almshouses
(also known as the Royal Watermen's Almshouses),[21] built in 1840–1841 on Beckenham
Beckenham
Road, to designs by George Porter by the Company of Watermen and Lightermen
Company of Watermen and Lightermen
of the City of London, for retired company freemen and their widows.[22] The residents were moved in 1973 to a new site in Hastings, and the original buildings were converted into private homes. The Queen Adelaide Almshouses, also known as the King William Naval Asylum, St. John's Road, founded in 1847 and built in 1848 to designs by Philip Hardwick
Philip Hardwick
at the request and expense of Queen Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, the widow of King William IV, to provide shelter for twelve widows or orphan daughters of naval officers. Again, the almshouses are now private residences.[22] St. John's Cottages on Maple Road were built as almshouses in 1863, designed by the architect Edwin Nash. As with their predecessors, the cottages are now privately owned homes. On New Year's Day 1959, No.8 was destroyed by a gas explosion, killing one person.[23] The cottage was rebuilt to closely resemble the original. The police station t the corner of the High Street and Green Lane is believed to have been London's oldest working police station[24] when it was closed in 2010. When completed in 1956 the Crystal Palace Transmitter
Crystal Palace Transmitter
was the tallest structure in the UK, a record it lost to the Anglia Television transmitter at Belmont, Lincolnshire in 1959. It remained the tallest structure in the London area until 1991.

Gallery[edit]

Waterman's Square Almhouses in 1890

Waterman's Square Almshouses in 2017

Waterman's Square Almshouses in 2017

Former Police Station in Penge

Transport[edit] Rail[edit] Penge
Penge
is served by three rail stations. Penge
Penge
East and Kent House have frequent services to London Victoria
London Victoria
and Orpington, and Thameslink operates a limited peak-hour service via St Pancras International to St Albans, Luton or Bedford (trains via St Pancras International generally start or terminate at Beckenham
Beckenham
Junction). There is also Penge
Penge
West, which has services to London Bridge and Caterham, as well as London Overground
London Overground
services to Dalston
Dalston
Junction/ Highbury
Highbury
and Islington
Islington
and West Croydon. Buses[edit] Penge
Penge
is served by many Transport for London
Transport for London
bus routes, connecting it with areas including Beckenham, Bromley, Catford, Central London, Croydon, Crystal Palace, Dulwich, Lewisham, Orpington, Peckham, Shirley, West Wickham
West Wickham
and Sydenham. Road[edit] Three A roads, the A213, A214 and A234 pass through the area. The A213 intersects with the A234 at the Pawleyne Arms and the A214 at the Robin Hood. Education[edit] St Johns C.E. Primary School was originally part of the Old Penge Chapel, which opened in 1837. Early in the 1850s, following the completion of St John the Evangelist, the school took over the entire old chapel building. The school's site was extended in 1977, and a new school building was opened in September 1978.[25] The Beckenham
Beckenham
and Penge
Penge
County Grammar School for boys, formerly the Beckenham
Beckenham
Technical Institute which opened in 1901, moved to a new site on Penge
Penge
High Street between Kent House Road and Kingsdale Road in 1931. It moved from Penge
Penge
to its present location in Eden Park, Beckenham, in January 1969. Religious sites[edit]

St John's Church, the parish church of Penge

St. John the Evangelist's Church, Penge
St. John the Evangelist's Church, Penge
(pictured right) Beckenham Road, built 1850 to designs by Edwin Nash & J. N. Round[22] Penge Congregational Church, built 1912 to designs by P. Morley Horder with passage aisles and clerestory. Shafts on large, excellently carved corbels.[22] and has a stained glass window by William Morris. Sport[edit] Crystal Palace Park
Crystal Palace Park
contains the National Sports Centre, which includes an international-class athletic stadium, and a former motorsport circuit that was used in the 1969 film The Italian Job.[26] The Crystal Palace Park
Crystal Palace Park
once housed a football ground, which hosted the FA Cup final from 1895[27] to 1914, as well as London County Cricket Club games from 1900 to 1908, when the club folded, and Crystal Palace F.C.'s matches from their formation in 1905 until the club was forced to relocate during the First World War. Other facilities include Alexandra Recreation Ground, Penge
Penge
Recreation Ground and Royston Playing Fields. There is a municipal golf course across the borough boundary in Beckenham
Beckenham
Place Park. Cultural references[edit] After the Crystal Palace was moved to Penge
Penge
Place, a fashionable day out was to visit the Crystal Palace during the day and to take the tram down the hill to one of the 'twenty-five pubs to the square mile'[18] or two Music Halls: The King's Hall and, after 1915, the Empire Theatre. [1] [2] Music hall comedians were in the habit of making fun of the locale in which they appeared, and consequently Penge
Penge
became the butt of many jokes.

Spike Milligan
Spike Milligan
in much of his work including the Goon Show. In Scradje (series 6, episode 26) Professor Hercules Grytpype-Thynne was described as 'the strolling anchorman for the Penge
Penge
and district tug-of-war team. In Round the world in 80 days (series 7, ep. 20) it was revealed that Count Villion de Jim "Thighs" Moriarty was the gold medallist road sweeper to the Penge
Penge
district.

Seagoon: I didn't know you had a deaf ear. Bloodnok: Yes, I found it on the floor of a barber's shop in Penge — Spike Milligan, Insurance – The White Man's Burden (series 7, ep. 21), The Goon Show

A small post office in east Penge
Penge
was the location for Part 2 of The Stolen Policeman (series 8, ep. 11) and Series 8 episode 13 opens:

Greenslade: This is the BBC light program. We present the all leather Goon Show. For the benefit of listeners who are listening we present 'The Plasticine Man'. The curtain rises on a window revealing the waiting room of the East Penge
Penge
labour exchange. On a crude wooden bench sit two crude wooden men.[28]

Horace Rumpole, a barrister known as "Rumpole of the Bailey", frequently tells others of his greatest triumph, winning an acquittal in the Penge
Penge
Bungalow Murders "alone and without a leader." Author John Mortimer's original chronology was incorrect, as the Penge bungalows were prefabricated houses which replaced homes destroyed during the Second World War, long after the date of Rumpole's claimed triumph. When the details of the trial were later documented by Mortimer in the novel Rumpole and the Penge
Penge
Bungalow Murders in 2002, he moved the events to the early 1950s. Terry Wogan
Terry Wogan
as Penge-sur-mer or Penge-les-trois-auberges, pronouncing Penge
Penge
as the French might. Brian Wright, in his 1986 book Penge
Penge
Papers: confessions of an unwaged metropolitan househusband[29] Former Beckenham
Beckenham
resident David Bowie
David Bowie
makes reference to Penge
Penge
in the song "Did You Ever Have A Dream", itself the B-side of Bowie's early 1967 single "Love You till Tuesday". Bowie juxtaposes the ordinariness of Penge
Penge
with America by singing "You can walk around in New York while you sleep in Penge". The BBC Radio 4
BBC Radio 4
series Old Harry's Game
Old Harry's Game
references Penge
Penge
several times throughout the first five series, including the replacement of the Archbishop of Canterbury with the Bishop of Penge
Penge
as the 'supply' Archbishop. It is the setting for the BBC (2006) comedy series Pulling. In the 'far-fetched fiction' of Robert Rankin, characters from Brentford
Brentford
refer to Penge
Penge
as a far-flung outpost of civilisation and often say that they 'hear it's very nice, but I've never been there myself'. On one occasion the anti-heroes Pooley and Omally took so long to walk home from Penge
Penge
that they grew beards on the way. Their friend Professor Slocombe claims that Penge
Penge
was the true birthplace of the Virgin Mary (he also claims that Chiswick
Chiswick
is the original Babylon). English dramatist Christopher Fry, in his play Venus Observed, includes the phrase, "...every pool's as populous as Penge..." in a long speech. The book The Meaning of Liff, by Douglas Adams
Douglas Adams
and John Lloyd, defines a Penge
Penge
as 'the slotted wooden arm on which a cuckoo emerges from a cuckoo clock'. In the BBC Three
BBC Three
sitcom How Not to Live Your Life, Don refers to Penge as "Where the sun doesn't shine". E. M. Forster's novel Maurice is partly set in Penge
Penge
in the early 20th century.

Notable residents[edit]

Thomas Crapper, the famous Victorian manufacturing plumber, retired to live at 12 Thornsett Road (c. 1897-1910). He is commonly, but erroneously, credited with inventing the flush toilet.[30] He did however develop the U-bend a significant improvement on the S-bend, which the BBC has nominated as one of the 50 Things That (have) Made the Modern Economy[31]

Walter de la Mare, famous poet and author of ghost stories, resided at 195 Mackenzie Road, Beckenham
Beckenham
(1899–1908) then moved to 5 Worbeck Road (1908–1912) and 14 Thornsett Road (1912–1925).[32] John Freeman, Georgian poet and essayist. He was a friend of Walter de la Mare.[33] Camille Pissarro, French impressionist painter, lived in Penge
Penge
in the 1870s.[30] H. T. Muggeridge, British politician, father of Malcolm Muggeridge Malcolm Muggeridge, British journalist, author, satirist, media personality, soldier-spy and latterly Christian apologist.[34] Bonar Law, Prime Minister, who was the Member of Parliament for Dulwich
Dulwich
and lived in Oakfield Road in Penge.[34] John Clunies-Ross, first King of the Cocos Islands.[34] Tom Hood
Tom Hood
(1835–1874), author, playwright and editor of Fun magazine lived at 12 Queen Adelaide Road.[34] Helena Normanton
Helena Normanton
(1882–1957), was the first woman to practise as a barrister in the UK.[34] Herbert Strudwick
Herbert Strudwick
Surrey and England
England
wicket-keeper, lived at 4 Worbeck Road.[34] Bill Wyman
Bill Wyman
(b. 1936 as William George Perks), bassist with The Rolling Stones, lived in Penge
Penge
as a child.[35] f James Leavey (b. 1947), award-winning Punch columnist, writer, journalist, PR consultant and one of Britain's first computer game publishers, lived in Maple Court in Maple Road as a child. Frank Spencer, band leader, and his wife Peggy Spencer, choreographer (both MBE), were regular contributors to the BBC TV show Come Dancing in the 1960s and 1970s, and lived at 12 Percy Road. George Daniels, CBE (1926–2010), watchmaker and inventor of the Coaxial escapement
Coaxial escapement
as used by Omega watches, lived in Thornsett Road and is commemorated by a blue plaque.[36]

References[edit]

^ in Abbott, Peter (2002) Book of Penge, Anerley
Anerley
and Crystal Palace: The Community, Past Present and Future, p18 Halsgrove. ISBN 1-84114-210-7 ^ Abbott, Peter (2002) Book of Penge, Anerley
Anerley
and Crystal Palace: The Community, Past Present and Future, p48 Halsgrove. ISBN 1-84114-210-7 ^ Abbott, Peter (2002) Book of Penge, Anerley
Anerley
and Crystal Palace: The Community, Past Present and Future, p10 Halsgrove. ISBN 1-84114-210-7 ^ "The Crooked Billet, on Penge
Penge
Common", The Every-day Book and Table Book; or, Everlasting Calendar of Popular Amusements, Sports, Pastimes, Ceremonies, Manners, Customs, and Events, Each of the Three Hundred and Sixty-Five Days, in Past and Present Times; Forming a Complete History of the Year, Months, and Seasons, and a Perpetual Key to the Almanac, Including Accounts of the Weather, Rules for Health and Conduct, Remarkable and Important Anecdotes, Facts, and Notices, in Chronology, Antiquities, Topography, biography, Natural History, Art, Science, and General Literature; Derived from the Most Authentic Sources, and Valuable Original Communication, with Poetical Elucidations, for Daily Use and Diversion. Vol III., ed. William Hone, (London: 1838) p 669-74. ^ http://www.familygrowsontrees.com/research/betts/landscape.htm ^ Abbott, Peter (2002) Book of Penge, Anerley
Anerley
and Crystal Palace: The Community, Past Present and Future, p114 Halsgrove. ISBN 1-84114-210-7 ^ http://www.ideal-homes.org.uk/bromley/penge/empire-theatre.htm idealhomes.org.uk ^ http://viewfinder.english-heritage.org.uk/search/reference.asp?index=565&main_query=&theme=&period=&county=&district=&place_name=London&imageUID=77020&=&JS=True viewfinder.english.heritage.org.uk ^ http://www.mappalondon.com/london/south-east/map-london.htm mappalondon.com ^ http://www.museumoflondon.org.uk/postcodes/places/SE20/stories/CAT122.html museumoflondon.org.uk ^ The Penge
Penge
Murder, H. Sutherland, British Medical Journal v2 (766) 4 September 1875, 316–317 ^ The Great Penge
Penge
Murder, Victorian Calendar 19 September 1877 http://victoriancalendar.blogspot.com.au/2011/09/september-19-1877-great-penge-murder.html ^ Rachel Cooke (15 April 2012). "The Penge
Penge
Mystery: the terrible story of Harriet Staunton". The Observer. Retrieved 2014-03-08.  ^ British History Online – Battersea
Battersea
with Penge
Penge
Hamlet ^ Kelly's Directory of Surrey, 1891 ^ Hamlet of Penge, The Times, 27 February 1900 ^ Quest for Justice, VOL 9/NO 3, JUL/SEP 2003, p219 ^ a b Abbott, Peter, p114 ^ "The listed pubs of London". www.ucl.ac.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2018.  ^ " Penge
Penge
Green Gym - Community Gardening Volunteers - Friends of Winsford Gardens". www.pengegreengym.org.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2018.  ^ http://www.ideal-homes.org.uk/bromley/penge/royal-watermans.htm Archived 21 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ideal-homes.org.uk ^ a b c d John Newman. West Kent and the Weald. The "Buildings of England" Series, First Edition, Sir Nikolaus Pevsner
Nikolaus Pevsner
and Judy Nairn, eds. (London: Penguin, 1969), p.433. ^ Housewife dies in Maple Road blast, ' Beckenham
Beckenham
and Penge Advertiser', 8 January 1959, p1. ^ http://www.ideal-homes.org.uk/bromley/penge/police-station.htm ideal-homes.org.uk ^ http://www.st-johnsprimary.co.uk/about-us ^ The television transmitter is visible in the scene where they try to blow the doors off an armoured truck. ^ "Map of Crystal Palace Park". Crystal Palace Park, Penge, South London. Cadillac Owners Club of Great Britain. Archived from the original on 24 September 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2013.  ^ The Goon Show Scripts, Wobourne Press, 1972 ^ Macmillan ISBN 0-330-29506-3 ^ a b Abbott, Peter (2002), p93. ^ "S-Bend, 50 Things That Made the Modern Economy - BBC World Service". BBC. Retrieved 6 April 2018.  ^ Abbott, Peter (2002), p94. ^ Pullen, Doris E. (1990) Penge. self-published. ISBN 0-9504171-3-0, p72 ^ a b c d e f Pullen, Doris E. (1990), p72 ^ Abbott, Peter (2002), p95 ^ Famous watchmaker remembered with blue plaque, News Shopper (Bromley), 27 August 2014, p5.

External links[edit]

The history of Penge A Penge
Penge
walk Virtual Penge Penge
Penge
forum Penge
Penge
Historical Images Penge
Penge
Tourist Board

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London Borough of Bromley

Districts

Anerley Aperfield Beckenham Berry's Green Bickley Biggin Hill Bromley Bromley
Bromley
Common Broom Hill Chelsfield Chislehurst Crystal Palace Cudham Downe Eden Park Elmers End Elmstead Farnborough Foxbury Goddington Green Street Green Hayes Hazelwood Hockenden Horns Green Keston Leaves Green Locksbottom Longlands Luxted Mottingham New Beckenham Orpington Park Langley Penge Petts Wood Plaistow Poverest Pratt's Bottom Ruxley St Mary Cray St Paul's Cray Shortlands Single Street Southborough South Street Sundridge Sydenham Upper Norwood West Wickham Widmore

Attractions

Bromley
Bromley
Museum Chislehurst
Chislehurst
Caves Churchill Theatre Crofton Roman Villa Crystal Palace Museum Down House Wickham Theatre

Parks and open spaces

Betts Park Bromley
Bromley
Wood Chislehurst
Chislehurst
Common Covet Wood Crystal Palace Park Cuckoo Wood Cudham
Cudham
Frith Darrick Wood Elmstead Wood Hayes Common High Elms Country Park Jubilee Country Park Kelsey Park Norman Park Poverest
Poverest
Recreation Ground Scadbury Park Sundridge Park

Places of worship

St George's Church, Beckenham St John the Evangelist's Church, Penge St Mark's Church, Bromley St Mary's Church, Downe St Mary the Virgin, Hayes St Peter and St Paul's Church, Bromley

Constituencies

Beckenham Bromley
Bromley
and Chislehurst Lewisham
Lewisham
West and Penge Orpington

Rail stations and tram stops

Anerley Avenue Road Beckenham
Beckenham
Road Beckenham
Beckenham
Junction Bickley Birkbeck Bromley
Bromley
North Bromley
Bromley
South Chelsfield Chislehurst Clock House Crystal Palace Eden Park Elmers End Elmstead Woods Hayes Kent House Knockholt Lower Sydenham New Beckenham Orpington Penge
Penge
East Penge
Penge
West Petts Wood Ravensbourne St Mary Cray Shortlands Sundridge Park West Wickham

Other topics

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Major

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East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greate

.