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PEERMADE, also spelt PEERUMEDU is a hill station in the state of Kerala
Kerala
, India
India
. It lies 915 metres (3,002 ft) above sea level in the Western Ghats (Sahyadri) some 85 kilometres (53 mi) east of Kottayam on the way to Thekkady
Thekkady
through the nearby city of Kanjirappally .

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Etymology * 4 Spices * 5 Education * 6 Politics * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 Books * 10 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Monsoon stream flowing through a tea estate in Peermade
Peermade

The landscape of Peermade
Peermade
includes spectacular waterfalls, open grass lands and pine forests. Predominantly it is classified as Malanad with an elevation ranging from 3,000 ft (910 m) from the mean sea level.

HISTORY

1900 photograph of Peerumedu (British library)

Peermade
Peermade
was once the summer retreat of the Maharajas of Travancore
Travancore
. Once these regions were quite unaccessible which were covered by dense forests and was inhabited by certain tribes like 'Malappandarams' and 'Malayarans'. Tamil people make up the majority of Peermade's population. The archaeological excavations points out that there was an ancient Neolithic culture flourished in the high-ranges which wasn't written or recorded. But the findings of cultural remnants from the hill tracks near Kumily and Vandiperiyar
Vandiperiyar
provides some factual evidences of the existence of a rich culture.

Peermade
Peermade
was the highest elevation on the mountain route that connected the Travancore
Travancore
with Madurai
Madurai
in ancient Tamilakam . The mountain barriers created by the ghats separated these two regions. :2 Tehsil Office Estate Bungalow Peermade
Peermade
town

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary , one of the largest wildlife reserves in India, is 43 kilometres (27 mi) away. It has herds of elephants and other wildlife as well as lakes.

ETYMOLOGY

The name is sometimes related to the Sufi saint, 'Peer Mohammed', as "hill of the Peer" (പീരുമേട്).

SPICES

The area is extremely fertile and until recently featured lush plantations of coffee , tea , cardamon , and coconut . With a long history of spice growing, the focus is now on the production of organic black pepper , white pepper , ginger and turmeric .

At a 2006 show, spice growers from Peermade
Peermade
displayed samples of organically grown spices including cardamom , black pepper, white pepper, nutmeg , mace , cloves , turmeric, ginger, vanilla beans, vanilla powder and herbs such as oregano , sage , thyme and rosemary . Oils of thyme and rosemary were also displayed.

EDUCATION

Mar Baselios Christian College of Engineering and Technology and Marian College are located at Kuttikanam in Peermade.

POLITICS

Peermade
Peermade
assembly constituency is part of Idukki (Lok Sabha constituency) . E S Bijimol is the current MLA of peermade.

SEE ALSO

* India
India
portal

* Thodupuzha * Erattupetta * Palai *