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Peermade, also spelt Peerumedu is a hill station in the state of Kerala, India. It lies 915 metres (3,002 ft) above sea level in the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
(Sahyadri) some 85 kilometres (53 mi) east of Kottayam
Kottayam
on the way to Thekkady
Thekkady
through the nearby city of Kanjirappally.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Etymology 4 Spices 5 Education 6 Politics 7 See also 8 Notes 9 Books 10 External links

Geography[edit]

Monsoon stream flowing through a tea estate in Peermade

The landscape of Peermade
Peermade
includes spectacular waterfalls, open grass lands and pine forests.[1] Predominantly it is classified as Malanad with an elevation ranging from 3,000 ft (910 m) from the mean sea level. History[edit]

1900 photograph of Peerumedu (British library)

Peermade
Peermade
was once the summer retreat of the Maharajas of Travancore. Once these regions were quite unaccessible which were covered by dense forests and was inhabited by certain tribes like 'Malappandarams' and 'Malayarans'. Tamil people make up the majority of Peermade's population. The archaeological excavations points out that there was an ancient Neolithic
Neolithic
culture flourished in the high-ranges which wasn't written or recorded. But the findings of cultural remnants from the hill tracks near Kumily
Kumily
and Vandiperiyar
Vandiperiyar
provides some factual evidences of the existence of a rich culture.[2] Peermade
Peermade
was the highest elevation on the mountain route that connected the Travancore
Travancore
with Madurai
Madurai
in ancient Tamilakam. The mountain barriers created by the ghats separated these two regions.[2]:2

Tehsil Office

Estate Bungalow

Peermade
Peermade
town

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, one of the largest wildlife reserves in India, is 43 kilometres (27 mi) away. It has herds of elephants and other wildlife as well as lakes. Etymology[edit] The name is sometimes related to the Sufi
Sufi
saint, 'Peer Mohammed', as "hill of the Peer" (പീരുമേട്).[3] Spices[edit] The area is extremely fertile and until recently featured lush plantations of coffee, tea, cardamon, and coconut.[4] With a long history of spice growing, the focus is now on the production of organic black pepper, white pepper, ginger and turmeric.[5] At a 2006 show, spice growers from Peermade
Peermade
displayed samples of organically grown spices including cardamom, black pepper, white pepper, nutmeg, mace, cloves, turmeric, ginger, vanilla beans, vanilla powder and herbs such as oregano, sage, thyme and rosemary. Oils of thyme and rosemary were also displayed.[6] Education[edit] Mar Baselios Christian College of Engineering and Technology[7] and Marian College[8] are located at Kuttikanam in Peermade. Politics[edit] Peermade
Peermade
assembly constituency is part of Idukki (Lok Sabha constituency).[9] E S Bijimol is the current MLA of peermade. See also[edit]

India
India
portal

Thodupuzha Erattupetta Palai Kumily Kuttikkanam Mundakayam Kottayam Vagamon

Notes[edit]

^ http://old.kerala.gov.in/kercaljan06/p38-41.pdf A Heaven away from Heaven / George Thengummoottil
George Thengummoottil
/ PRD, Government of Kerala ^ a b George, Thengummootil (10 January 2014). Peermade. Kerala: George Thengummootil.  ^ http://www.theindia.info/peermade/ Story of Tea
Tea
Plantation
Plantation
in Kerala / George Thengummoottil ^ "A bitter brew in the high ranges". Retrieved 2006-09-20.  ^ "Mapping India's spice route from past to present". Retrieved 2006-09-20.  ^ "Organic Show - Peermede Development Board's stand". Archived from the original on 2006-10-15. Retrieved 2006-09-20.  ^ http://www.mbcpeermade.com Mar Baselios Christian College of Engineering and Technology website ^ http://www.mariancollege.org Marian College Kuttikanam ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 

Books[edit]

The Story of Peermade
Peermade
by George Thengummoottil (ISBN 9788192888606) http://www.theindia.info/Peermade/

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Peermade.

"History of Peermade". The India. 2006-06-24. Retrieved 2008-07-20.  "Hartal total in Peerumade". The Hindu. 2008-06-24. Retrieved 2008-07-20.  "History of Peermade". The India. 2008-06-24. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 

v t e

Travancore
Travancore
region

Districts

Kanyakumari
Kanyakumari
(Part) Thiruvananthapuram Kollam Pathanamthitta Alappuzha Kottayam Idukki Ernakulam (Part)

Towns and Cities

Nagarcoil Kanyakumari Thovala Suchindram Manavalakurichy Kaliyakkavilai Mandaikadu Marthandam Neyyoor Thiruvithancode Kolachal Thiruvananthapuram Parassala Neyyattinkara Nedumangadu Venjaramoodu Aryanad Vembayam Chirayinkeezhu Attingal Varkala Avanavancherry Kallambalam Kilimanoor Kottarakara Neduvathoor Ayoor Anchal Edamulackal Chadayamangalam Chathannoor Kalluvathukkal Kottiyam Kollam Paravur Parippally Munroethuruth Mayyanad Punalur Pathanapuram Manchalloor Pidavoor Kottarakkara Adoor Konni Pathanamthitta Kozhencherry Aranmula Kumbanad Ranni Vadasserikkara Mallapally Tiruvalla Parumala Mannar Edathua Chengannur Mavelikkara Padanilam Nilakkal Chettikulangara Kayamkulam Haripad Ambalappuzha Alappuzha Mankombu Mararikulam Cherthala Aroor Changanacherry Vazhoor Karukachal Kottayam Kumarakam Pambadi Ettumanoor Vaikom Kaduthuruthy Thalayolaparambu Kuravilangad Palai Uzhavoor Poonjar Erattupetta Kanjirappally Ponkunnam Erumely Mundakayam Vagamon Peermade Kumily Kattappana Adimali Vechoor North Paravur Alengad Angamaly Kalady Aluva Perumbavoor Muvattupuzha Kothamangalam Arakuzha Koothattukulam Piravom Kolenchery Kizhakkambalam Idukki Thodupuzha Painavu Munnar Devikulam Kannan Devan Hills Marayur Adimali Udumbanchola Nedumkandam K

.