PEERMADE, also spelt PEERUMEDU is a hill station in the state of
India . It lies 915 metres (3,002 ft) above sea level in the
Western Ghats (Sahyadri) some 85 kilometres (53 mi) east of Kottayam
on the way to
Thekkady through the nearby city of
* 1 Geography
* 2 History
* 3 Etymology
* 4 Spices
* 5 Education
* 6 Politics
* 7 See also
* 8 Notes
* 9 Books
* 10 External links
Monsoon stream flowing through a tea estate in
The landscape of
Peermade includes spectacular waterfalls, open grass
lands and pine forests. Predominantly it is classified as Malanad
with an elevation ranging from 3,000 ft (910 m) from the mean sea
1900 photograph of Peerumedu (British library)
Peermade was once the summer retreat of the Maharajas of
Once these regions were quite unaccessible which were covered by dense
forests and was inhabited by certain tribes like 'Malappandarams' and
'Malayarans'. Tamil people make up the majority of Peermade's
population. The archaeological excavations points out that there was
Neolithic culture flourished in the high-ranges which
wasn't written or recorded. But the findings of cultural remnants from
the hill tracks near
Vandiperiyar provides some factual
evidences of the existence of a rich culture.
Peermade was the highest elevation on the mountain route that
Madurai in ancient
Tamilakam . The
mountain barriers created by the ghats separated these two regions. :2
Tehsil Office Estate Bungalow
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary , one of the largest wildlife reserves in
India, is 43 kilometres (27 mi) away. It has herds of elephants and
other wildlife as well as lakes.
The name is sometimes related to the
Sufi saint, 'Peer Mohammed', as
"hill of the Peer" (പീരുമേട്).
The area is extremely fertile and until recently featured lush
plantations of coffee , tea , cardamon , and coconut . With a long
history of spice growing, the focus is now on the production of
organic black pepper , white pepper , ginger and turmeric .
At a 2006 show, spice growers from
Peermade displayed samples of
organically grown spices including cardamom , black pepper, white
pepper, nutmeg , mace , cloves , turmeric, ginger, vanilla beans,
vanilla powder and herbs such as oregano , sage , thyme and rosemary .
Oils of thyme and rosemary were also displayed.
Mar Baselios Christian College of Engineering and Technology and
Marian College are located at Kuttikanam in Peermade.
Peermade assembly constituency is part of Idukki (Lok Sabha
constituency) . E S Bijimol is the current MLA of peermade.