HOME
The Info List - Peenemünde

Peenemünde
Peenemünde
(German pronunciation: [peːnəˈmʏndə], English: "Peene [River] Mouth") is a municipality on the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
island of Usedom in the Vorpommern-Greifswald
Vorpommern-Greifswald
district in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. It is part of the Amt (municipal confederation) of Usedom-Nord. The community is known for the Peenemünde
Peenemünde
Army Research Center, where the world's first functional large-scale liquid-propellant rocket, the V-2, was developed.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 References 4 External links

Geography[edit]

Peenemünde
Peenemünde
railway station for service to Zinnowitz

V-2
V-2
rocket

The village with its seaport is located on the westernmost extremity of a long sand-spit, where the Peene
Peene
empties into the Baltic Sea, in the northwestern part of Usedom
Usedom
Island. To the southeast it borders on the sea resort of Karlshagen. Peenemünde
Peenemünde
harbour can be reached by ferry boat across the Peene
Peene
from Kröslin, liners also run along the Baltic coast to Rügen
Rügen
Island. The local railway station is the northern terminus of the Usedomer Bäderbahn line to Zinnowitz. Air service for the village is available at the Peenemünde
Peenemünde
Airfield. History[edit] During the 10th and 11th centuries, Peenemünde
Peenemünde
was part of the region of Circipania, an area settled by the Circipanes, a West Slavic tribe constituent of the Lutici federation. Circipania was incorporated into the Billung March
Billung March
of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 936, but the Empire's influence in the region decayed by the end of that century after a successful Slavic uprising. During the late 12th century, in the aftermath of the Wendish Crusade, the region fell under the rule of the Duchy of Pomerania. After the Treaty of Kremmen in 1236, most of Circipania was transferred to the Margraviate of Brandenburg.[2] In World War II, the area was highly involved in the development and production of the V-2
V-2
rocket, until the production's relocation to Nordhausen. The village's docks were used for the ships which recovered V-2
V-2
wreckage from test launches over the Baltic Sea. German scientists such as Wernher von Braun, who worked at the V-2
V-2
facility, were known as "Peenemünders". The entire island was captured by the Soviet Red Army
Red Army
on 5 May 1945. The gas plant for the production of liquid oxygen still lies in ruins at the entrance to Peenemünde. The post-war port was a Soviet naval base until turned over to the armed forces of East Germany
Germany
in 1952. The seaport facilities were used at first by the East German Seepolizei (sea police) after new facilities for police motorboats had been built. On 1 December 1956 the headquarters of the First Fleet of the East German Volksmarine (navy) was established at Peenemünde. The birthplace of modern rocket science is today displayed at the Peenemünde
Peenemünde
Historical Technical Museum, a World War II
World War II
museum on the European Route of Industrial Heritage opened in 1992 in the power station of the former Army Testing Site[3] and the area of the World War II power station (now part of the village) – exhibits include a V-1 and a V-2. References[edit]

^ "Bevölkerungsstand der Kreise, Ämter und Gemeinden in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
31.12.2016". Statistisches Amt Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
(in German). January 2018.  ^ Bucholz, Werner (1999). Pommern. Deutsche Geschichte im Osten Europas. Siedler, pp. 23ff. ISBN 3-88680-272-8 ^ "The Peenemünde
Peenemünde
Historical Technical Museum". Retrieved 8 December 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Peenemünde.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Peenemünde.

Official website of Peenemünde
Peenemünde
and the Historical Technical Museum (English) V2 Rocket site

v t e

Towns and municipalities in Vorpommern-Greifswald

Ahlbeck Alt Tellin Altwarp Altwigshagen Anklam Bandelin Bargischow Behrenhoff Bentzin Benz Bergholz Blankensee Blesewitz Boldekow Boock Brietzig Brünzow Bugewitz Buggenhagen Butzow Daberkow Dargelin Dargen Dersekow Diedrichshagen Ducherow Eggesin Fahrenwalde Ferdinandshof Garz Glasow Görmin Grambin Grambow Greifswald Gribow Groß Kiesow Groß Luckow Groß Polzin Gützkow Hammer an der Uecker Hanshagen Heinrichswalde Heringsdorf Hinrichshagen Hintersee Iven Jarmen Jatznick Kamminke Karlsburg Karlshagen Katzow Kemnitz Klein Bünzow Koblentz Korswandt Koserow Krackow Krien Kröslin Kruckow Krugsdorf Krummin Krusenfelde Lassan Leopoldshagen Levenhagen Liepgarten Löcknitz Loddin Loissin Loitz Lubmin Lübs Luckow Lühmannsdorf Lütow Medow Meiersberg Mellenthin Mesekenhagen Mölschow Mönkebude Murchin Nadrensee Neetzow-Liepen Neu Boltenhagen Neu Kosenow Neuenkirchen, Anklam-Land Neuenkirchen, Landhagen Nieden Papendorf Pasewalk Peenemünde Penkun Plöwen Polzow Postlow Pudagla Ramin Rankwitz Rollwitz Rossin Rossow Rothemühl Rothenklempenow Rubenow Rubkow Sarnow Sassen-Trantow Sauzin Schmatzin Schönwalde Spantekow Stolpe an der Peene Stolpe auf Usedom Strasburg Torgelow Trassenheide Tutow Ückeritz Ueckermünde Usedom Viereck Vogelsang-Warsin Völschow Wackerow Weitenhagen Wietstock Wilhelmsburg Wolgast Wrangelsburg Wusterhusen Zemitz Zempin Zerrenthin Ziethen Zinnowitz Zirchow Züssow

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 244975920 GN