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Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
Caballero (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpeðɾo almoˈðoβar kaβaˈʝeɾo]; born 25 September 1949),[1] credited professionally as Pedro Almodóvar, is a Spanish filmmaker, director, screenwriter, producer, and former actor. He came to prominence as a director and screenwriter during La Movida Madrileña, a cultural renaissance that followed the death of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco. His first few films characterised the sense of sexual and political freedom of the period. In 1986, he established his own film production company, El Deseo, with his younger brother Agustín Almodóvar, responsible for producing all of his films since Law of Desire (1987). Almodóvar achieved international recognition for his black comedy-drama film Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
(1988), which was nominated for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film, and went on to more success with the dark romantic comedy film Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
(1990), the melodrama High Heels (1991) and the romantic drama thriller Live Flesh
Live Flesh
(1997). His subsequent two films won an Academy Award
Academy Award
each: All About My Mother
All About My Mother
(1999) received the award for Best Foreign Language Film while Talk to Her (2002) earned him the award for Best Original Screenplay. Almodóvar followed this with the drama Volver
Volver
(2006), the romantic thriller Broken Embraces (2009), the psychological thriller The Skin I Live In
The Skin I Live In
(2011) and the drama Julieta (2016), all of which were in competition for the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the Cannes Film Festival. His films are marked by his employment of certain actors and creative personnel, complex narratives, melodrama, pop culture, popular songs, irreverent humour, strong colours, and glossy décor. Desire, passion, family, and identity are among Almodóvar's most prevalent themes. Noted for being one of the most internationally successful Spanish filmmakers, Almodóvar and his films have gained worldwide interest and developed a cult following. He has won two Academy Awards, five British Academy Film Awards, six European Film Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, nine Goya Awards and four prizes at the Cannes Film Festival. In 1997, Almodóvar received the French Legion of Honour, followed by the Gold Medal of Merit in the Fine Arts by the Spanish Ministry of Culture in 1999. He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
in 2001[1] and received an honorary doctoral degree in 2009 from Harvard University[2] in addition to an honorary doctoral degree from the University of Oxford in 2016[3] for his contribution to the arts. In 2013, he received an honorary European Film Academy Achievement in World Cinema Award.[4] In January 2017 he was named as President of the Jury for the 2017 Cannes Film Festival.[5]

Contents

1 Early life and career beginnings

1.1 Early life 1.2 Career beginnings

2 Film career

2.1 Pepi, Luci, Bom
Pepi, Luci, Bom
(1980) 2.2 Labyrinth of Passion
Labyrinth of Passion
(1982) 2.3 Dark Habits
Dark Habits
(1983) 2.4 What Have I Done to Deserve This? (1984) 2.5 Matador (1986) 2.6 Law of Desire
Law of Desire
(1987) 2.7 Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
(1988) 2.8 Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
(1990) 2.9 High Heels (1991) 2.10 Kika (1993) 2.11 The Flower of My Secret
The Flower of My Secret
(1995) 2.12 Live Flesh
Live Flesh
(1997) 2.13 All About My Mother
All About My Mother
(1999) 2.14 Talk to Her (2002) 2.15 Bad Education (2004) 2.16 Volver
Volver
(2006) 2.17 Broken Embraces
Broken Embraces
(2009) 2.18 The Skin I Live In
The Skin I Live In
(2011) 2.19 I'm So Excited (2013) 2.20 Julieta (2016)

3 Artistry

3.1 Frequent collaborators

4 Personal life

4.1 Panama Papers
Panama Papers
scandal

5 Filmography 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Early life and career beginnings[edit] Early life[edit] Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
Caballero was born on 25 September 1949 in Calzada de Calatrava, a small rural town of Almagro, Ciudad Real, a province of Castile-La Mancha
Castile-La Mancha
in Spain.[6] He has two older sisters, Antonia and María Jesús,[7] and one brother Agustín.[8] His father, Antonio Almodóvar, was a winemaker,[9] and his mother, Francisca Caballero, who died in 1999, was a letter reader and transcriber for illiterate neighbours.[10] When Almodóvar was eight years old, the family sent him to study at a religious boarding school in the city of Cáceres, Extremadura, in western Spain,[2] with the hope that he might someday become a priest. His family eventually joined him in Cáceres, where his father opened a gas station and his mother opened a bodega where she sold her own wine.[9][11] Unlike Calzada, there was a cinema in Cáceres.[12] "Cinema became my real education, much more than the one I received from the priest", he said later in an interview.[13] Almodóvar was influenced by Luis Buñuel.[14] Against his parents' wishes, Almodóvar moved to Madrid
Madrid
in 1967 to become a filmmaker. When dictator Francisco Franco
Francisco Franco
closed the National School of Cinema in Madrid, he became self-taught.[2] To support himself, Almodóvar had a number of jobs, including selling used items in the famous Madrid
Madrid
flea market El Rastro
El Rastro
and as an administrative assistant with Spanish phone company Telefónica, where he worked for twelve years.[15] Since he worked only until three in the afternoon, he had the rest of the day to pursue his film-making.[2] Career beginnings[edit] In the early 1970s, Almodóvar became interested in experimental cinema and theatre. He collaborated with the vanguard theatrical group Los Goliardos, in which he played his first professional roles and met actress Carmen Maura.[16] Madrid's flourishing alternative cultural scene became the perfect scenario for Almodóvar's social talents. He was a crucial figure in La Movida Madrileña
La Movida Madrileña
(the Madrilenian Movement), a cultural renaissance that followed the death of dictator Francisco Franco. Alongside Fabio McNamara, Almodóvar sang in a glam rock parody duo.[17] Writing under the pseudonym Patty Diphusa, Almodóvar also penned various articles for major newspapers and magazines, such as El País, Diario 16
Diario 16
and La Luna as well as contributing to comic strips, articles and stories in counterculture magazines, such as Star, El Víbora and Vibraciones.[18] He published a novella, Fuego en las entrañas (Fire in the Guts)[19] and kept writing stories that were eventually published in a compilation volume entitled El sueño de la razón (The Dream of Reason).[20] Almodóvar bought his first camera, a Super-8, with his first paycheck from Telefónica
Telefónica
when he was 22 years old, and began to make hand-held short films.[21] Around 1974, he made his first short film, and by the end of the 1970s they were shown in Madrid's night circuit and in Barcelona. These shorts had overtly sexual narratives and no soundtrack: Dos putas, o, Historia de amor que termina en boda (Two Whores, or, A Love Story that Ends in Marriage) in 1974; La caída de Sodoma (The Fall of Sodom) in 1975; Homenaje (Homage) in 1976; La estrella (The Star) in 1977; Sexo Va: Sexo viene (Sex Comes and Goes); and Complementos (Shorts) in 1978, his first film in 16mm.[22] He remembers, "I showed them in bars, at parties… I could not add a soundtrack because it was very difficult. The magnetic strip was very poor, very thin. I remember that I became very famous in Madrid because, as the films had no sound, I took a cassette with music while I personally did the voices of all the characters, songs and dialogues".[23] After four years of working with shorts in Super-8
Super-8
format, Almodóvar made his first full-length film Folle, folle, fólleme, Tim (Fuck Me, Fuck Me, Fuck Me, Tim) in Super-8
Super-8
in 1978, followed by his first 16 mm short Salomé.[24] Film career[edit]

This section may stray from the topic of the article. Please help improve this section or discuss this issue on the talk page. (May 2016)

Almodóvar at the 2006 Toronto International Film Festival

Pepi, Luci, Bom
Pepi, Luci, Bom
(1980)[edit] Almodóvar made his first feature film Pepi, Luci, Bom
Pepi, Luci, Bom
(1980) with a very low budget of 400,000 pesetas,[25] shooting it in 16mm
16mm
and later blowing it up into 35mm.[26] The film was based on a comic strip titled General Erections that he had written and revolves around the unlikely friendship between Pepi (Carmen Maura), who wants revenge on a corrupt policeman who raped her, a masochistic housewife named Luci (Eva Siva), and Bom (Alaska), a lesbian punk rock singer. Inspired by La Movida Madrileña, Pepi, Luci, Bom
Pepi, Luci, Bom
expressed the sense of cultural and sexual freedom of the time with its many kitsch elements, campy style, outrageous humour and explicit sexuality (there is a golden shower scene in the middle of a knitting lesson). The film was noted for its lack of polished filming technique, but Almodóvar looked back fondly on the film's flaws. "When a film has only one or two [defects], it is considered an imperfect film, while when there is a profusion of technical flaws, it is called style. That's what I said joking around when I was promoting the film, but I believe that that was closer to the truth".[27] Pepi, Luci, Bom
Pepi, Luci, Bom
premiered at the 1980 San Sebastián International Film Festival[28] and despite negative reviews from conservative critics, the film amassed a cult following in Spain. It toured the independent circuits before spending three years on the late night showing of the Alphaville Theater in Madrid.[29] The film's irreverence towards sexuality and social mores has prompted contemporary critics to compare it to the 1970s films of John Waters.[30] Labyrinth of Passion
Labyrinth of Passion
(1982)[edit] His second feature Labyrinth of Passion
Labyrinth of Passion
(1982) focuses on nymphomaniac pop star, Sexila (Cecilia Roth), who falls in love with a gay middle-eastern prince, Riza Niro (Imanol Arias). Their unlikely destiny is to find one another, overcome their sexual preferences and live happily ever after on a tropical island. Framed in Madrid
Madrid
during La Movida Madrileña, between the dissolution of Franco's authoritarian regime and the onset of AIDS
AIDS
consciousness, Labyrinth of Passion caught the spirit of liberation in Madrid
Madrid
and it became a cult film.[31] The film marked Almodóvar's first collaboration with cinematographer Ángel Luis Fernandez as well as the first of several collaborations with actor Antonio Banderas. Labyrinth of Passion premiered at the 1982 San Sebastian Film Festival[32] and while the film received better reviews than its predecessor, Almodóvar later acknowledged: "I like the film even if it could have been better made. The main problem is that the story of the two leads is much less interesting than the stories of all the secondary characters. But precisely because there are so many secondary characters, there's a lot in the film I like".[31] Dark Habits
Dark Habits
(1983)[edit] For his next film Dark Habits
Dark Habits
(1983), Almodóvar was approached by multi-millionaire Hervé Hachuel who wanted to start a production company to make films starring his girlfriend, Cristina Sánchez Pascual.[33] Hachuel set up Tesuaro Production and asked Almodóvar to keep Pascual in mind.[citation needed] Almodóvar had already written the script for Dark Habits
Dark Habits
and was hesitant to cast Pascaul in the leading role due to her limited acting experience.[citation needed] When she was cast, he felt it necessary to make changes to the script so his supporting cast were more prominent in the story.[citation needed] The film heralded a change in tone to somber melodrama with comic elements.[according to whom?] Pascual stars as Yolanda, a cabaret singer seeks refuge in a convent of eccentric nuns, each of whom explores a different sin. This film has an almost all-female cast including Carmen Maura, Julieta Serrano, Marisa Paredes
Marisa Paredes
and Chus Lampreave, actresses who Almodóvar would cast again in later films. This is Almodóvar's first film in which he used popular music to express emotion: in a pivotal scene, the mother superior and her protégé sing along with Lucho Gatica's bolero "Encadenados". Dark Habits
Dark Habits
premiered at the Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
and was surrounded in controversy due its subject matter.[34] Despite religious critics being offended by the film, it went on to become a modest critical and commercial success, cementing Almodóvar's reputation as the enfant terrible of the Spanish cinema.[citation needed] What Have I Done to Deserve This? (1984)[edit] Carmen Maura
Carmen Maura
stars in What Have I Done to Deserve This?, Almodóvar's fourth film, as Gloria, an unhappy housewife who lives with her ungrateful husband Antonio (Ángel de Andrés López), her mother in law (Chus Lampreave), and her two teenage sons. Verónica Forqué appears as her prostitute neighbor and confidante. Almodóvar has described his fourth film as a homage to Italian neorealism, although this tribute also involves jokes about paedophilia, prostitution, and a telekinetic child. The film, set in the tower blocks around Madrid
Madrid
in post-Franco Spain, depicts female frustration and family breakdown, echoing Jean-Luc Godard's Two or Three Things I Know About Her and strong story plots from Roald Dahl's Lamb to the slaughter and Truman Capote's A Day´s work,[35] but with Almodóvar's unique approach to film making. Matador (1986)[edit] Almodóvar's growing success caught the attention of emerging Spanish film producer Andrés Vicente Gómez, who wanted to join forces to make his next film Matador (1986).[citation needed] The film centres on the relationship between a former bullfighter and a murderous female lawyer, who both find sexual fulfillment through acts of murder.[citation needed] Written together with Spanish novelist Jesús Ferrero, Matador drew away from the naturalism and humour of the director's previous work into a deeper and darker terrain.[citation needed] Almodóvar cast several of his regulars actors in key roles: Antonio Banderas
Antonio Banderas
was hired for the role of Ángel, a bullfighting student who, after an attempted rape incident, falsely confesses to a series of murders that he did not commit; Julieta Serano appears as Ángel's very religious mother; while Carmen Maura, Chus Lampreave, Verónica Forqué
Verónica Forqué
and Eusebio Poncela also appear in minor roles. Newcomers Nacho Martínez and Assumpta Serna, who would later work with Almodóvar again, had minor roles in the film. Matador also marked the first time Almodóvar included a notable cinematic reference, using King Vidor's Duel in the Sun in one scene.[citation needed] The film premiered in 1986 and drew some controversy due to its subject matter. Almodóvar justified his use of violence, explaining "The moral of all my films is to get to a stage of greater freedom". Almodóvar went on to note: "I have my own morality. And so do my films. If you see Matador through the perspective of traditional morality, it's a dangerous film because it's just a celebration of killing. Matador is like a legend. I don't try to be realistic; it's very abstract, so you don't feel identification with the things that are happening, but with the sensibility of this kind of romanticism".[36] Law of Desire
Law of Desire
(1987)[edit] Following the success of Matador, Almodóvar solidified his creative independence by starting his own production company, El Deseo, together with his brother Agustín Almodóvar
Agustín Almodóvar
in 1986. El Deseo's first major release was Law of Desire
Law of Desire
(1987), a film about the complicated love triangle between a gay filmmaker (Eusebio Poncela), his transsexual sister (Carmen Maura), and a repressed murderously obsessive stalker (Antonio Banderas). Taking more risk from a visual standpoint, Almodóvar's growth as a filmmaker is clearly on display. In presenting the love triangle, Almodóvar drew away from most representations of homosexuals in films. The characters neither come out nor confront sexual guilt or homophobia; they are already liberated. The same can be said for the complex way he depicted transgender characters on screen. Almodóvar said about Law of Desire: "It's the key film in my life and career. It deals with my vision of desire, something that's both very hard and very human. By this I mean the absolute necessity of being desired and the fact that in the interplay of desires it's rare that two desires meet and correspond".[37] Law of Desire
Law of Desire
made its premiere at the Berlin International Film Festival in 1987, where it won the festival's first ever Teddy Award, which recognises achievement in LGBT cinema. The film was a hit in art-house theatres and received much praise from critics.[citation needed] Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
(1988)[edit]

Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1988)

Almodóvar's first major critical and commercial success internationally came with the release of Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown (1988). This feminist light comedy of rapid-fire dialogue and fast-paced action further established Almodóvar as a "women's director" in the same vein as George Cukor
George Cukor
and Rainer Werner Fassbinder. Almodóvar has said that women make better characters: "women are more spectacular as dramatic subjects, they have a greater range of registers, etc".[38] Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
centres on Pepa (Carmen Maura), a woman who been abruptly abandoned by her married boyfriend Iván (Fernando Guillén). Over two days, Pepa frantically tries to track him down. In the course, she discovers some of his secrets and realises her true feelings. Almodóvar included many of his usual actors, including Antonio Banderas, Chus Lampreave, Rossy de Palma, Kiti Mánver and Julieta Serrano as well as newcomer María Barranco.[citation needed] The film was released in Spain
Spain
in March 1988, and became a hit in the US, making over $7 million when it was released later that same year,[39] bringing Almodóvar to the attention of American audiences. Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
won five Goya Awards, Spain's top film honours, for Best Film, Best Original Screenplay, Best Editing (José Salcedo), Best Actress (Maura), and Best Supporting Actress (Barranco). The film won two awards at the European Film Awards as well as being nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the BAFTAs and Golden Globes. It also gave Almodóvar his first Academy Award
Academy Award
nomination for Best Foreign Language Film.[40] Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
(1990)[edit] Almodóvar's next film marked the end of the collaboration between him and Carmen Maura, and the beginning of a fruitful collaboration with Victoria Abril. Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
(1990) tells the story about a recently released psychiatric patient, Ricky (Antonio Banderas), who kidnaps a porn star, Marina (Abril), in order to make her fall in love with him.[citation needed] Rather than populate the film with many characters, as in his previous films, here the story focuses on the compelling relationship at its center: the actress and her kidnapper literally struggling for power and desperate for love. The film's title line Tie Me Up! is unexpectedly uttered by the actress as a genuine request. She does not know if she will try to escape or not, and when she realizes she has feelings for her captor, she prefers not to be given a chance. In spite of some dark elements, Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
can be described as a romantic comedy, and the director's most clear love story, with a plot similar to William Wyler's thriller The Collector.[citation needed] Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
made its world premiere at the Berlin Film Festival to a polarized critical reaction. In the USA, the film received an X rating by the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), and the stigma attached to the X rating marginalized the distribution of the film in the country. Miramax, who distributed the film in the US, filed a lawsuit against the MPAA over the X rating, but lost in court. However, in September 1990, the MPAA replaced the X rating with the NC-17
NC-17
rating. This was helpful to films of explicit nature, like Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!, that were previously categorized with pornography because of the X rating.[41] High Heels (1991)[edit]

Almodóvar with Victoria Abril, star of High Heels, at the 1993 César Awards in Paris

High Heels (1991) is built around the fractured relationship between a famous singer, Becky del Páramo (Marisa Paredes), and her news reporter daughter, Rebeca (Victoria Abril), as the pair get caught up in a murder mystery. Rebeca struggles with constantly being in her mother's shadow. The fact that Rebeca is married to Becky's former lover only adds to the tension between the two.[citation needed] The film was partly inspired by old Hollywood mother-daughter melodramas like Stella Dallas, Mildred Pierce, Imitation of Life and particularly Autumn Sonata, which is quoted directly in the film. Production took place in 1990; Almodóvar enlisted Alfredo Mayo to shoot the film as Jose Luis Alcaine was unavailable.[citation needed] Japanese composer Ryuichi Sakamoto
Ryuichi Sakamoto
created a score that infused popular songs and boleros. High Heels also contains a prison yard dance sequence.[citation needed] While High Heels was a box office success in Spain, the film received poor reviews from Spanish film critics due to its melodramatic approach and unsuspecting tonal shifts.[citation needed] The film got a better critical reception in Italy and France and won France's César Award
César Award
for Best Foreign Film. In the US, Miramax's lack of promotional effort was blamed for the film's underperformance in the country. It was however nominated for the Golden Globe for Best Foreign Language Film.[citation needed] Kika (1993)[edit] His next film Kika (1993) centres on the good-hearted, but clueless, makeup artist named Kika (Verónica Forqué) who gets herself tangled in the lives of an American writer (Peter Coyote) and his stepson (Àlex Casanovas). A fashion conscious TV reporter (Victoria Abril), who is constantly in search of sensational stories, follows Kika's misadventures. Almodóvar used Kika as a critique of mass media, particularly its sensationalism.[citation needed]The film is infamous for its rape scene that Almodóvar used for comic effect to set up a scathing commentary on the selfish and ruthless nature of media. Kika made its premiere in 1993 and received very negative reviews from film critics worldwide;[citation needed] not just for its rape scene which was perceived as both misogynistic and exploitative, but also for its overall sloppiness. Almodóvar would later refer to the film as one of his weakest works.[citation needed] The Flower of My Secret
The Flower of My Secret
(1995)[edit] In The Flower of My Secret
The Flower of My Secret
(1995), the story focuses on Leo Macías (Marisa Paredes), a successful romance writer who has to confront both a professional and personal crisis. Estranged from her husband, a military officer who has volunteered for an international peacekeeping role in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
to avoid her, Leo fights to hold on to a past that has already eluded her, not realising she has already set her future path by her own creativity and by supporting the creative efforts of others.[citation needed] This was the first time that Almodóvar utilized composer Alberto Iglesias and cinematographer Affonso Beato, who became key figures in some future films. The Flower of My Secret
The Flower of My Secret
is the transitional film between his earlier and later style.[citation needed] The film premiered in Spain
Spain
in 1995 where, despite receiving 7 Goya Award nominations, was not initially well received by critics. Live Flesh
Live Flesh
(1997)[edit] Live Flesh
Live Flesh
(1997) was the first film by Almodóvar that had an adapted screenplay. Based on Ruth Rendell's novel Live Flesh, the film follows a man who is sent to prison after crippling a police officer and seeks redemption years later when he is released. Almodóvar decided to move the book's original setting of the UK to Spain, setting the action between the years 1970, when Franco declared a state of emergency, to 1996, when Spain
Spain
had completely shaken off the restrictions of the Franco regime.[citation needed] Live Flesh
Live Flesh
marked Almodóvar's first collaboration with Penélope Cruz, who plays the prostitute that gives birth to Victor. Additionally, Almodóvar cast Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
as the police officer David and Liberto Rabal as Víctor, the criminal seeking redemption. Italian actress Francesca Neri
Francesca Neri
plays a former junkie who sparks a complicated love triangle with David and Víctor. Live Flesh
Live Flesh
premiered at the New York Film Festival
New York Film Festival
in 1997. The film did modestly well at the international box office and also earned Almodóvar his second BAFTA nomination for Best Film Not in the English Language. All About My Mother
All About My Mother
(1999)[edit] Almodóvar's next film, All About My Mother
All About My Mother
(1999), grew out of a brief scene in The Flower of My Secret. The premise revolves around a woman Manuela (Cecilia Roth), who loses her teenage son, Esteban (Eloy Azorín) in a tragic accident. Filled with grief, Manuela decides to track down Esteban's transgender father, Lola (Toni Cantó), and notify her about the death of the son she never knew she had. Along the way Manuela encounters an old friend, Agrado (Antonia San Juan), and meets up with a pregnant nun, Rosa (Penélope Cruz). The film revisited Almodóvar's familiar themes of the power of sisterhood and of family. Almodóvar shot parts of the film in Barcelona
Barcelona
and used lush colors to emphasise the richness of the city. Dedicated to Bette Davis, Romy Schneider
Romy Schneider
and Gena Rowlands, All About My Mother is steeped in theatricality, from its backstage setting to its plot, modeled on the works of Federico García Lorca
Federico García Lorca
and Tennessee Williams, to the characters' preoccupation with modes of performance. Almodóvar inserts a number of references to American cinema. One of the film's key scenes, where Manuela watches her son die, was inspired by John Cassavetes' 1977 film Opening Night. The film's title is also a nod to All About Eve, which Manuela and her son are shown watching in the film. The comic relief of the film centers on Agrado, a pre-operative transsexual. In one scene, she tells the story of her body and its relationship to plastic surgery and silicone, culminating with a statement of her own philosophy: "you get to be more authentic the more you become like what you have dreamed of yourself".[42] All About My Mother
All About My Mother
opened at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival, where Almodóvar won both the Best Director and the Ecumenical Jury prizes.[43] The film garnered a strong critical reception and grossed over $67 million worldwide.[44] All About My Mother
All About My Mother
has accordingly received more awards and honours than any other film in the Spanish motion picture industry,[45] including Almodóvar's very first Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, the Golden Globe in the same category, the BAFTA Awards for Best Direction and Best Film Not in the English Language as well as 6 Goyas in his native Spain.[45] Talk to Her (2002)[edit] After the success of All About My Mother, Almodóvar took a break from filmmaking to focus on his production company El Deseo.[citation needed] During this break, Almodóvar had an idea for Talk
Talk
to Her (2002), a film about two men, played by Javier Cámara
Javier Cámara
and Darío Grandinetti, who become friends while taking care of the comatose women they love, played by Leonor Watling
Leonor Watling
and Rosario Flores. Combining elements of modern dance and silent filmmaking with a narrative that embraces coincidence and fate,[citation needed] in the film, Almodóvar plots the lives of his characters, thrown together by unimaginably bad luck, towards an unexpected conclusion. Talk to Her was released in April 2002 in Spain, followed by its international premiere at the Telluride Film Festival
Telluride Film Festival
in September of that year. It was hailed by critics and embraced by arthouse audiences, particularly in America.[46] The unanimous praise for Talk to Her resulted in Almodóvar winning his second Academy Award, this time for Best Original Screenplay, as well as being nominated in the Best Director category.[46] The film also won the César Award
César Award
for Best Film from the European Union and both the BAFTA Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film.[46] Talk to Her made over $51 million worldwide.[47]

Almodóvar (left) and Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(right) at the première of Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street in Madrid, in 2007

Bad Education (2004)[edit] Two years later, Almodóvar followed with Bad Education (2004), tale of child sexual abuse and mixed identities, starring Gael García Bernal and Fele Martínez. In the drama film, two children, Ignacio and Enrique, discover love, cinema, and fear in a religious school at the start of the 1960s. Bad Education has a complex structure that not only uses film within a film, but also stories that open up into other stories, real and imagined to narrate the same story: A tale of child molestation and its aftermath of faithlessness, creativity, despair, blackmail and murder. Sexual abuse
Sexual abuse
by Catholic priests, transsexuality, drug use, and a metafiction are also important themes and devices in the plot. Almodóvar used elements of film noir, borrowing in particular from Double Indemnity.[citation needed] The film's protagonist, Juan (Gael Garcia Bernal), was modeled largely on Patricia Highsmith's most famous character, Tom Ripley,[48] as played by Alain Delon
Alain Delon
in René Clément's Purple Noon. A criminal without scruples, but with an adorable face that betrays nothing of his true nature. Almodóvar explains : "He also represents a classic film noir character - the femme fatale. Which means that when other characters come into contact with him, he embodies fate, in the most tragic and noir sense of the word".[49] Almodóvar claimed he worked on the film's screenplay for over ten years before starting the film.[50] Bad Education premiered in March 2004 in Spain
Spain
before opening in the 57th Cannes Film Festival, the first Spanish film to do so, two months later.[51] The film grossed more than $40 million worldwide,[52] despite its NC-17
NC-17
rating in the US. It won the GLAAD Media Award for Outstanding Film – Limited Release and was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language; it also received 7 European Film Award nominations and 4 Goya nominations.[citation needed] Volver
Volver
(2006)[edit] Volver
Volver
(2006), a mixture of comedy, family drama and ghost story, is set in part in La Mancha
La Mancha
(the director's native region) and follows the story of three generations of women in the same family who survive wind, fire, and even death. The film is an ode to female resilience, where men are literally disposable. Volver
Volver
stars Penélope Cruz, Lola Dueñas, Blanca Portillo, Yohana Cobo
Yohana Cobo
and Chus Lampreave
Chus Lampreave
in addition to reunited the director with Carmen Maura, who had appeared in several of his early films. The film was very personal to Almodóvar as he used elements of his own childhood to shape parts of the story.[original research?] Many of the characters in the film were variations of people he knew from his small town.[citation needed] Using a colorful backdrop, the film tackled many complex themes such as sexual abuse, grief, secrets and death. The storyline of Volver
Volver
appears as both a novel and movie script in Almodóvar's earlier film The Flower of My Secret.[citation needed] Many of Almodóvar's stylistic hallmarks are present: the stand-alone song (a rendition of the Argentinian tango song "Volver"), references to reality TV, and an homage to classic film (in this case Luchino Visconti's Bellissima).[citation needed] Volver
Volver
received a rapturous reception when it played at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival, where Almodóvar won the Best Screenplay prize while the entire female ensemble won the Best Actress prize. Penélope Cruz also received an Academy Award
Academy Award
nomination for Best Actress, making her the first Spanish woman ever to be nominated in that category. Volver
Volver
went on to garner several critical accolades and earned more than £85 million internationally, becoming Almodóvar's highest-grossing film worldwide.[53] Broken Embraces
Broken Embraces
(2009)[edit]

Almodóvar with actresses Rossy de Palma
Rossy de Palma
(left) and Penélope Cruz presenting Broken Embraces
Broken Embraces
at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival

Almodóvar's next film, Broken Embraces
Broken Embraces
(2009) a romantic thriller which centres on a blind novelist, Harry Caine (Lluís Homar), who uses his works to recount both his former life as a filmmaker, and the tragedy that took his sight. A key figure in Caine's past is the Lena (Penélope Cruz), an aspiring actress who gets embroiled in a love triangle with Caine and a paranoid millionaire, Ernesto (José Luis Gómez). The film has a complex structure, mixing past and present and film within a film. Almodóvar previously used this type of structure in Talk to Her and Bad Education. Jose Luis Alcaine was unable to take part in the production, so Almodóvar hired Mexican cinematographer Rodrigo Prieto to shoot the film.[citation needed] Distinctive shading and shadows help to differentiate the various time periods within Broken Embraces, as Almodóvar's narrative jumps between the early 1990s and the late 2000s. Broken Embraces
Broken Embraces
was accepted into the main selection at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
in competition for the Palme d'Or, his third film to do so and fourth to screen at the festival.[54] The film earned £30 million worldwide,[55] and was nominated for both the BAFTA Award and Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Foreign Language Film.[citation needed] The Skin I Live In
The Skin I Live In
(2011)[edit] Loosely based on the French novel Tarantula by Thierry Jonquet,[56] The Skin I Live In
The Skin I Live In
(2011) is the director's first incursion into the psychological horror genre[57] Inspired to make his own horror film, The Skin I Live In
The Skin I Live In
revolves around a plastic surgeon, Robert (Antonio Banderas), who becomes obsessed with creating skin that can withstand burns. Haunted by past tragedies, Robert believes that the key to his research is the patient who he mysteriously keeps prisoner in his mansion.[citation needed] The film marked a long-awaited reunion between Almodóvar and Antonio Banderas, reunited after 21 years.[58] Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
was initially slated for the role of the captive patient Vera Cruz, but she was unable to take part as she was pregnant with her first child. As a result, Elena Anaya, who had appeared in Talk
Talk
to Her, was cast.[citation needed] The Skin I Live In
The Skin I Live In
has many cinematic influences, most notably the French horror film Eyes Without a Face
Eyes Without a Face
directed by Georges Franju,[57] but also refers to Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo, and the style of the films of David Cronenberg, Dario Argento, Mario Bava, Umberto Lenzi and Lucio Fulci while also paying tribute to the films of Fritz Lang and F. W. Murnau.[57] After making its premiere at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, the film grossed $30 million worldwide.[59] The Skin I Live In
The Skin I Live In
received the BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language
BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language
and a Golden Globe nomination in the same category.[citation needed] I'm So Excited (2013)[edit] After a long period of dramatic and serious feature films, Almodóvar's next film was a comedy. I'm So Excited (2013) is set almost entirely on an aircraft in flight,[60] whose first-class passengers, pilots, and trio of gay stewards all try to deal with the fact that landing gears are malfunctioning. During the ordeal, they talk about love, themselves, and a plethora of things while getting drunk on Valencia cocktails. With its English title taken from a song by the Pointer Sisters, Almodóvar openly embraced the campy humor that was prominent in his early works.[citation needed] The film's cast was a mixture of Almodóvar regulars such as Cecilia Roth, Javier Cámara, and Lola Dueñas, Blanca Suárez and Paz Vega as well as Antonio Banderas
Antonio Banderas
and Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
who make cameo appearances in the film's opening scene. Shot on a soundstage, Almodóvar amplified the campy tone by incorporating a dance number and oddball characters like Dueñas' virginal psychic.[citation needed] The film premiered in Spain
Spain
in March 2013 and had its international release during the summer of that year. Despite mixed reviews from critics, the film did fairly well at the international box office.[61] Julieta (2016)[edit] For his 20th feature film,[62] Almodóvar decided to return to drama and his "cinema of women".[63] Julieta (2016) stars Emma Suárez
Emma Suárez
and Adriana Ugarte, who play the older and younger versions of the film's titular character,[64] as well as regular Rossy de Palma, who has a supporting role in the film.[65] This film was originally titled "Silencio" (Silence) but the director changed the name to prevent confusion with another recent release by that name.[66] The film was released in April 2016 in Spain
Spain
to positive reviews and received its international debut at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival. It was Almodóvar's fifth film to compete for the Palme d'Or. The film was also selected by the Spanish Academy as the entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 89th Academy Awards,[67] but it did not make the shortlist. Artistry[edit] "Almodóvar has consolidated his own, very recognizable universe, forged by repeating themes and stylistic features", wrote Gerard A. Cassadó in Fotogramas, Spanish film magazine, in which the writer identified nine key features which recur in Almodóvar's films: homosexuality; sexual perversion; female heroines; sacrilegious Catholicism; lipsyncing; familial cameos; excessive kitsch and camp; narrative interludes; and intertextuality.[68] June Thomas from Slate magazine also recognised that illegal drug use, letter-writing, spying, stalking, prostitution, rape, incest, transsexuality, vomiting, movie-making, recent inmates, car accidents and women urinating on screen are frequent motifs recurring in his work.[69] Almodóvar has also been distinguished for his use of bold colours and inventive camera angles, as well as using "cinematic references, genre touchstones, and images that serve the same function as songs in a musical, to express what cannot be said".[70] Elaborate décor and the relevance of fashion in his films are additionally important aspects informing the design of Almodóvar's mise-en-scène.[71] Music is also a key feature; from pop songs to boleros to original compositions by Alberto Iglesias.[72] While some criticise Almodóvar for obsessively returning to the same themes and stylistic features, others have applauded him for having "the creativity to remake them afresh every time he comes back to them".[69] Internationally, Almodóvar has been hailed as an auteur by film critics, who have coined the term "Almodóvariano" (which would translate as Almodóvarian) to define his unique style.[73][74] Almodóvar has taken influences from various filmmakers, including figures in North American cinema, particularly old Hollywood directors George Cukor
George Cukor
and Billy Wilder,[75] and the underground, transgressive cinema of John Waters
John Waters
and Andy Warhol.[76] The influence of Douglas Sirk's melodramas and the stylistic appropriations of Alfred Hitchcock are also present in his work.[77][78] He also takes inspiration from figures in the history of Spanish cinema, including directors Luis García Berlanga, Fernando Fernán Gómez, Edgar Neville
Edgar Neville
as well as dramatists Miguel Mihura and Enrique Jardiel Poncela;[78][79][80] many also hail Almodóvar as "the most celebrated Spanish filmmaker since Luis Buñuel".[72][74] Other foreign influences include filmmakers Ingmar Bergman, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
and Fritz Lang.[81]

Almodóvar in 2008

References to film and allusions to theatre, literature, dance, painting, television and advertising "are central to the world that Almodóvar constructs on screen".[82] Film critic José Arroyo noted that Almodóvar "borrows indiscriminately from film history".[82] Almodóvar has acknowledged that "cinema is always present in my films [and that] certain films play an active part in my scripts. When I insert an extract from a film, it isn't a homage but outright theft. It's part of the story I'm telling, and becomes an active presence rather than a homage which is always something passive. I absorb the films I've seen into my own experience, which immediately becomes the experience of my characters".[83] Almodóvar has alluded to the work of many different artists and genres in his work; sometimes works have been referenced diagetically or evoked through less direct methods.[82] Almodóvar has additionally made self-references to films within his own oeuvre.[84] Working with some of Spain's best-known actresses including Carmen Maura, Victoria Abril, Marisa Paredes
Marisa Paredes
and Penélope Cruz, Almodóvar has become famous for his female-centric films, his "sympathetic portrayals of women"[69] and his elevation of "the humdrum spaces of overworked women".[85] He was heavily influenced by classic Hollywood films in which everything happens around a female main character, and aims to continue in that tradition.[21] Almodóvar has frequently spoken about how he was surrounded by powerful women in his childhood: "Women were very happy, worked hard and always spoke. They handed me the first sensations and forged my character. The woman represented everything to me, the man was absent and represented authority. I never identified with the male figure: maternity inspires me more than paternity".[86] His portrayal of women in his films have been admired by most critics, but some representations have led to accusations of misogyny.[87] A critic from Popmatters wrote that what "many of the women in Almodóvar's films do have in common, despite their characterization as victim or martyr or heroine, is that they are survivors", noting that Almodóvar is interested in depicting women overcoming tragedies and adversities and the power of close female relationships.[87] Ryan Vlastelica from AVClub wrote: "Many of his characters track a Byzantine plot to a cathartic reunion, a meeting where all can be understood, if not forgiven. They seek redemption".[70] Almodóvar stated that he does not usually write roles for specific actors, but after casting a film, he custom-tailors the characters to suit the actors;[88] he believes his role as a director is a "mirror for the actors - a mirror that can't lie".[88] Critics believe Almodóvar has redefined perceptions of Spanish cinema and Spain.[89] Many typical images and symbols of Spain, such as bullfighting, gazpacho and flamenco, have been featured in his films; the majority of his films have also been shot in Madrid.[90] Spanish people have been divided in their opinion of Almodóvar's work: while some believe that "Almodóvar has renegotiated what it means to be Spanish and reappropriated its ideals" in a post-Franco Spain,[84] others are concerned with how their essence might be dismissed as "another quirky image from a somewhat exotic and colorful culture" to a casual foreigner.[73] Almodóvar has however acknowledged: "[M]y films are very Spanish, but on the other hand they are capriciously personal. You cannot measure Spain
Spain
by my films".[91] Almodóvar is generally better received by critics outside of Spain, particularly in France and the USA.[73] Asked to explain the success of his films, Almodóvar says that they are very entertaining: "It's important not to forget that films are made to entertain. That's the key".[21] He has also been noted for his tendency to shock audiences in his films by featuring outrageous situations or characters, which have served a political or commercial purpose to "tell viewers that if the people on the screen could endure these terrible travails and still communicate, so could they".[69] Almodóvar believes all his films to be political, "even the most frivolous movie", but claimed that he had never attempted to pursue outright political causes or fight social injustice in his films; merely wanting to entertain and generate emotion.[88] "I'm not a political director. As a filmmaker, my commitment was to want to create free people, completely autonomous from a moral point of view. They are free regardless of their social class or their profession", remarked Almodóvar.[78] However, he admitted that in his earlier films, which were released just after Franco's death, he wanted to create a world on film in which Franco and his repression did not exist,[92] thereby "providing a voice for Spain's marginalized groups".[70] Almodóvar has incorporated elements of underground and LGBT culture into mainstream forms with wide crossover appeal;[93] academics have recognised the director's significance in queer cinema.[94][95] Almodóvar dislikes being pigeonholed as a gay filmmaker, but Courtney Young from Pop Matters claimed that he has pushed boundaries by playing with the expectations of gender and sexuality, which places his work in the queer cinematic canon.[96] Young also commented on Almodóvar's fluid idea of sexuality; within his films, LGBT characters do not need to come out as they are already sexually liberated, "enlivening the narrative with complex figures that move beyond trite depictions of the LGBTQI experience".[96] She also wrote about the importance of the relationships between gay men and straight women in Almodóvar's films.[96] In conclusion, Young stated, "Almodóvar is an auteur that designates the queer experience as he sees it the dignity, respect, attention, and recognition it so deserves".[96] Frequent collaborators[edit] Almodóvar often casts certain actors in many of his films. Actors who have performed in his films 3 or more times in either lead, supporting or cameo roles include Chus Lampreave
Chus Lampreave
(8),[97] Antonio Banderas
Antonio Banderas
(7), Carmen Maura
Carmen Maura
(7), Cecilia Roth
Cecilia Roth
(7), Rossy de Palma
Rossy de Palma
(7), Penélope Cruz (5), Kiti Manver
Kiti Manver
(5), Fabio MacNamara (5), Marisa Paredes
Marisa Paredes
(5), Julieta Serrano (5), Eva Siva (5), Victoria Abril
Victoria Abril
(4), Lola Dueñas
Lola Dueñas
(4), Lupe Barrado (4), Loles León
Loles León
(3) and Javier Cámara
Javier Cámara
(3).[98] Almodóvar is particularly noted for his work with Spanish actresses and they have become affectionately known as "chicas Almodóvar" (Almodóvar women).[99] After setting up El Deseo
El Deseo
in 1986, Agustín Almodóvar, Pedro's brother, has produced all of his films since Law of Desire (1986).[100] Esther García has also been involved in the production of Almodóvar films since 1986.[101] Both of them regularly appear in cameo roles in their films.[101][102] His mother, Francisca Caballero, made cameos in 4 films before she died. Film editor José Salcedo
José Salcedo
has been responsible for editing all of Almodóvar's films since 1980[103] and cinematographer José Luis Alcaine has collaborated on a total of 6 films with Almodóvar, particularly his most recent films. Their earliest collaboration was on Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
(1988); their most recent on I'm So Excited (2013).[104] Angel Luis Fernández was responsible for cinematography in 5 of Almodóvar's earlier films in the 1980s, from Labyrinth of Passion
Labyrinth of Passion
(1982) until Law of Desire
Law of Desire
(1987).[105] In the 1990s, Almodóvar collaborated with Alfredo Mayo on two films and Affonso Beato on three films. Composer Bernardo Bonezzi wrote the music for 6 of his earlier films from Labyrinth of Passion
Labyrinth of Passion
(1982) until Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown (1988).[106] Since The Flower of My Secret
The Flower of My Secret
(1995), Alberto Iglesias has composed the music for all of Almodóvar's films.[107] Art design on Almodóvar's films has invariably been the responsibility of Antxón Gomez in recent years,[108] though other collaborators include Román Arango, Javier Fernández and Pin Morales. Almodóvar's frequent collaborators for costume design include José María de Cossío, Sonia Grande and Paco Delgado. Almodóvar has also worked with designers Jean Paul Gaultier
Jean Paul Gaultier
and Gianni Versace
Gianni Versace
on a few films. Personal life[edit] Almodóvar is gay[109] and has been with his partner, actor and photographer Fernando Iglesias, since 2002. Almodóvar often casts him in small roles in his films.[110] The pair live in separate houses in neighbouring districts of Madrid; Almodóvar in Argüelles and Iglesias in Malasaña.[111] Almodóvar used to live on Calle de O'Donnell on the eastern side of the city but moved to his €3 million apartment on Paseo del Pintor Rosales in the west in 2007.[112] Panama Papers
Panama Papers
scandal[edit] In April 2016, a week before his film Julieta was to be released in Spain, Pedro and Agustín Almodóvar
Agustín Almodóvar
were listed in the leak of the Panama Papers
Panama Papers
from the database of the offshore law firm Mossack Fonseca; their names showing up on the incorporation documents of a company based in the British Virgin Islands between 1991 and 1994.[113] As a result, Pedro cancelled scheduled press, interviews and photocalls he had made for the release of Julieta in Spain.[114] Agustín released a statement in which he declared himself fully responsible, saying that he has always taken charge of financial matters while Pedro has been dedicated to the creative side and hoping that this would not tarnish his brother's reputation.[115] He also stressed that the brothers have always abided by Spanish tax laws. "On the legal front there are no worries", he explained. "It's a reputation problem which I'm responsible for. I'm really sorry that Pedro has had to suffer the consequences. I have taken full responsibility for what has happened, not because I'm his brother or business partner, but because the responsibility is all mine. I hope that time will put things in its place. We are not under any tax inspection".[116] The week after the release of Julieta, Pedro gave an interview in which he stated that he knew nothing about the shares as financial matters were handled by his brother, Agustín. However, he emphasised that his ignorance was not an excuse and took full responsibility.[117] Agustín later admitted that he believed Julieta's box office earnings in Spain
Spain
suffered as a result,[116] as the film reportedly had the worst opening of an Almodóvar film at the Spanish box office in 20 years.[118] Filmography[edit]

Year English title Original title Awards

1980 Pepi, Luci, Bom Pepi, Luci, Bom
Pepi, Luci, Bom
y otras chicas del montón

1982 Labyrinth of Passion Laberinto de pasiones

1983 Dark Habits Entre tinieblas

1984 What Have I Done to Deserve This? ¿Qué he hecho yo para merecer esto?

1986 Matador Matador

1987 Law of Desire La ley del deseo Berlin International Film Festival—Teddy Award

1988 Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown Mujeres al borde de un ataque de nervios David di Donatello for Best Foreign Director European Film Award for Best Young Film Goya Award for Best Film Goya Award for Best Original Screenplay National Board of Review Award for Best Foreign Language Film New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film Venice Film Festival—Golden Osella Nominated— Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language Nominated—David di Donatello for Best Foreign Film Nominated— Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Foreign Language Film

1990 Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down! ¡Átame! Nominated—Berlin International Film Festival—Golden Bear Nominated— César Award
César Award
for Best Foreign Film Nominated— Goya Award for Best Film Nominated— Goya Award for Best Director Nominated— Goya Award for Best Original Screenplay

1991 High Heels Tacones lejanos César Award
César Award
for Best Foreign Film Nominated— Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Foreign Language Film

1993 Kika Kika

1995 The Flower of My Secret La flor de mi secreto Nominated— Goya Award for Best Director

1997 Live Flesh Carne trémula Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language Nominated—British Independent Film Award for Best International Independent Film Award Nominated— Satellite Award for Best Foreign Language Film

1999 All About My Mother Todo sobre mi madre Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language BAFTA Award for Best Direction Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Foreign Film British Independent Film Award for Best International Independent Film Award Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Cannes Film Festival—Prix de la mise en scène Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film César Award
César Award
for Best Foreign Film David di Donatello for Best Foreign Film European Film Award for Best Film Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Foreign Language Film Goya Award for Best Film Goya Award for Best Director Guldbagge Award
Guldbagge Award
for Best Foreign Film London Film Critics Circle Award for Foreign Language Film of the Year Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film National Board of Review Award for Best Foreign Language Film New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film Satellite Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay Nominated—Cannes Film Festival—Palme d'Or Nominated— Goya Award for Best Original Screenplay Nominated—Independent Spirit Award for Best Foreign Film Nominated— Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Film Not in the English Language

2002 Talk
Talk
to Her Hable con ella Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay Bangkok International Film Festival Award for Best Film César Award
César Award
for Best Film from the European Union European Film Award for Best Film European Film Award for Best Director European Film Award for Best Screenwriter Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Foreign Language Film Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Director National Board of Review Award for Best Foreign Language Film San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Foreign Language Film Satellite Award for Best Original Screenplay Satellite Award for Best Foreign Language Film Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Non-English Language Feature Nominated— Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director Nominated—British Independent Film Award for Best International Independent Film Award Nominated—Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—David di Donatello for Best Foreign Film Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Director of the Year Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Foreign Language Film of the Year Nominated—Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film Nominated—New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director Nominated—New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Film Not in the English Language Nominated— Satellite Award for Best Director

2004 Bad Education La mala educación National Board of Review Award for Best Foreign Language Film New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language Nominated— César Award
César Award
for Best Film from the European Union Nominated—European Film Award for Best Film Nominated—European Film Award for Best Director Nominated—European Film Award for Best Screenwriter Nominated— Goya Award for Best Film Nominated— Goya Award for Best Director Nominated—Independent Spirit Award for Best Foreign Film Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Foreign Language Film of the Year Nominated— Satellite Award for Best Foreign Language Film

2006 Volver Volver Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
Award for Best Screenplay European Film Award for Best Director Goya Award for Best Film Goya Award for Best Director London Film Critics Circle Award for Foreign Language Film of the Year National Board of Review Award for Best Foreign Language Film Satellite Award for Best Foreign Language Film Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Non-English Language Feature Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language Nominated— Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Foreign Film Nominated—British Independent Film Award for Best International Independent Film Award Nominated—Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—Cannes Film Festival—Palme d'Or Nominated— Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— César Award
César Award
for Best Foreign Film Nominated— Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—European Film Award for Best Film Nominated—European Film Award for Best Director Nominated— Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Goya Award for Best Original Screenplay Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Film of the Year Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Director of the Year Nominated—Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Film Not in the English Language Nominated— Satellite Award for Best Director Nominated— Satellite Award for Best Original Screenplay Nominated— Toronto Film Critics Association
Toronto Film Critics Association
Award for Best Foreign Language Film

2009 Broken Embraces Los abrazos rotos Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Foreign Language Film Satellite Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language Nominated—Cannes Film Festival—Palme d'Or Nominated— Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—European Film Award for Best Director Nominated— Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Goya Award for Best Original Screenplay Nominated—New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Film Not in the English Language Nominated— Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Non-English Language Feature Nominated—Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film

2011 The Skin I Live In La piel que habito BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Foreign Language Film Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—British Independent Film Award for Best International Independent Film Award Nominated—Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—Cannes Film Festival—Palme d'Or Nominated— Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Goya Award for Best Film Nominated— Goya Award for Best Director Nominated— Goya Award for Best Original Screenplay Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Foreign Language Film of the Year Nominated—New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Film Not in the English Language

2013 I'm So Excited Los amantes pasajeros Nominated—European Film Award for Best Comedy

2016 Julieta Julieta National Board of Review Award for Best Foreign Language Film San Diego Film Festival
San Diego Film Festival
Award for Best International Film Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language Nominated—Cannes Film Festival—Palme d'Or Nominated— Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated—European Film Award for Best Film Nominated—European Film Award for Best Director Nominated— Satellite Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated— Goya Award for Best Film Nominated— Goya Award for Best Director Nominated— Goya Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated—Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film

References[edit]

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Pedro Almodóvar
President of the Jury of the 70th Festival de Cannes". Cannes. Retrieved 31 January 2017.  ^ " Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ José Luis Romo. "Agustín Almodóvar, 'Todo sobre mi hermano' loc EL MUNDO". Elmundo.es. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Chitra Ramaswamy (2013-04-28). " Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
on his new film 'I'm so Excited!'". Scotsman.com. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ a b Lynn Hirschberg (September 5, 2004). "The Redeemer : Pedro Almodovar : Cannes: The Slow Drive to Triumph". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ Giles Tremlett. "Pedro Almodóvar: 'It's my gayest film ever' Film". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ D’Lugo, Pedro Almodóvar, p. 13 ^ Allison, A Spanish Labyrinth, p. 7 ^ D’Lugo, Pedro Almodóvar, p. 14 ^ "Almodóvar rescatará tres filmes en súper 8 anteriores a su primera película". Elmundo.es. 2006-10-18. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ " Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
interview for The Skin I Live In". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ Andrew Dickson. "Women on the verge of song and dance: Almodóvar's world is pure theatre Stage". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.  ^ "Pedro Almodóvar, el genio del cine español". Elmundo.es. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ "The Call Of The Wild How Did Pedro Almodovar Go From Phone-company Worker To Spain's Hottest Director?". Articles.philly.com. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ "Almodóvar celebrates 61 years with "I'm So Excited" (Video)" (in Spanish). Laopinion.com. Retrieved 3 January 2015.  ^ a b c Sigal Ratner-Arias (19 November 2009), "Director Pedro Almodovar is haunted by one taboo", Associated Press  ^ Edwards, Almodóvar: Labyrinth of Passion, p. 12 ^ Almodóvar Secreto: Cobos and Marias, p. 76- 78 ^ Allison, A Spanish Labyrinth, p. 9 ^ Raphael Abraham (2015-01-02). "Tea with the FT: Pedro Almodóvar". FT.com. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ " Pepi, Luci, Bom
Pepi, Luci, Bom
- Film Calendar". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ D'Lugo, Pedro Almodóvar, p. 19 ^ "FILM - Carmen Maura
Carmen Maura
- Good Times for a 'Bad Woman'". The New York Times. SPAIN. 1988-10-23. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ D'Lugo, Pedro Almodóvar, p. 26 ^ "Early Almodóvar - Harvard Film Archive". Hcl.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b Almodóvar on Almodóvar: Strauss, p.28 ^ Dorothy Chartrand (2011-11-03). " Antonio Banderas
Antonio Banderas
takes a leap of faith in The Skin I Live In
The Skin I Live In
Georgia Straight Vancouver's News & Entertainment Weekly". Straight.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ David Parkinson (2013-05-29). " Dark Habits
Dark Habits
- A Sister Act of Sacrilegious Salvation". Moviemail.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Vuelve 'Entre tinieblas' Edición impresa EL PAÍS". Elpais.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Ted Anton on Truman Capote's "A Day's Work"". Assay: A Journal of Nonfiction Studies. 2015-04-27. Retrieved 2017-12-19.  ^ D'Lugo, Pedro Almodóvar, p. 96 ^ Strauss, Almodóvar on Almodóvar, p. 15 ^ Almodóvar Secreto: Cobos and Marias, p.100 ^ " Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
(1988)". Box Office Mojo. 1988-11-11. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2015.  ^ "X Film Rating Dropped and Replaced by NC-17 : Movies: Designation would bar children under 17. Move expected to clear the way for strong adult themes. - latimes". Articles.latimes.com. 1990-09-27. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ Pedro Almodóvar, All About my Mother ^ "Festival de Cannes: All About My Mother". festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 22 August 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2009.  ^ " All About My Mother
All About My Mother
(1999)". Box Office Mojo. 2002-08-28. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b D'Lugo, Pedro Almodóvar, p. 105 ^ a b c Lyttelton, Oliver (2011-10-14). "The Films Of Pedro Almodóvar: A Retrospective". IndieWire. Retrieved 2012-11-20.  ^ " Talk to Her (2002)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ D'Lugo, Pedro Almodóvar, p. 117 ^ Strauss, Almodóvar on Almodóvar, p. 212 ^ De La Fuente, Anna Marie (4 November 2004). "Almodovar puts 'Education' to use". Variety. Archived from the original on 20 June 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2009.  ^ "Festival de Cannes: Bad Education". festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2009.  ^ "Bad Education (2004)". Box Office Mojo. 2005-04-25. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ " Volver
Volver
(2006)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Festival de Cannes: Broken Embraces". festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 4 July 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2009.  ^ " Broken Embraces
Broken Embraces
(2009)". Box Office Mojo. 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Mygale (Tarantula) (The Skin I Live In) - Thierry Jonquet". Complete-review.com. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ a b c Almodóvar, Some Notes About The Skin I Live In, p. 94-95 ^ Barton, Steve (2010-05-05). " Antonio Banderas
Antonio Banderas
To Carve Up The Skin I Live In". Dreadcentral.com. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ " The Skin I Live In
The Skin I Live In
(2011)". Box Office Mojo. 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Sarda, Juan. (2012-02-14) Almodovar laughs with The Brief Lovers News Screen. Screendaily.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-22. ^ "I'm So Excited (2013)". Box Office Mojo. 2013-11-07. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Pedro Almodovar Announces New Cast for Film 'Silencio' : Entertainment". Latinpost.com. 2015-03-29. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ Raphael Abraham (2015-01-02). "Tea with the FT: Pedro Almodóvar". FT.com. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ "'Silencio': Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
is filming In English EL PAÍS". Elpais.com. 2015-03-27. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ "Rossy de Palma: "A Almodóvar nunca le he pedido nada" Vanity Fair". Revistavanityfair.es. 2015-01-16. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ Schonfeld, Zach (23 December 2016). "Review: 'Julieta' is Pedro Almodovar's Best Film In Years". Newsweek.  ^ "'Julieta' representará a España en los Oscar". Elpais.com. 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2016-09-20.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 April 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.  ^ a b c d Thomas, June (2011-10-13). "Pedro Almodovar's filmography: What I learned from watching all his films". Slate.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b c Vlastelica, Ryan. "A beginner's guide to the twisty melodrama of Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
· Primer". Avclub.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "ABCD". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b [1][dead link] ^ a b c "Lost in Translation". PopMatters. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b "All About Almodóvar". Dga.org. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Almodovar Looks To Films Of Wilder For Motivation". Articles.chicagotribune.com. 1989-03-02. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Pedro Almodóvar : 'Mis influencias han sido Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol
y Lola Flores'". Elcultural.com. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Tim Robey; David Gritten. "Love in a time of intolerance". Telegraph. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b c "ALMODOVAR : SA GRANDE CONFESSION Le meilleur magazine de cinéma du monde". Sofilm.fr. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ " Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
• Great Director profile • Senses of Cinema". Sensesofcinema.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ John Hopewell (2014-10-15). " Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
Talks About Spanish Cinema He Loves". Variety. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Viva Pedro: The Almodóvar Interview". PopMatters. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b c "Referencing & Recycling". PopMatters. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Almodóvar on Almódovar: Strauss, p. 45 ^ a b "Pedro Almodovar's Renegotiation of the Spanish Identity". Movies in 203. 2011-01-11. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Crooke, Daniel (2017-05-15). "Pedro Party: What Have I Done To Deserve This? & Volver". filmexpereince.net. Retrieved 2017-05-15.  ^ "Almodóvar: puedo sobrevivir sin Palma de Oro pero no sin cine La Nación". Lanacion.com.py. 2016-05-07. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b "Woman or Object: Selected Female Roles in the Films of Pedro Almodóvar". PopMatters. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b c "Pedro Almodovar Discusses Career Influences, Women's Natural Acting Skills". Hollywood Reporter. 2012-11-18. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Film: Bergan, p.252 ^ Benji Lanyado. "All about Madrid
Madrid
Travel". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Almodovar, Pedro (Spring 1994). "Interview with Ela Troyano". BOMB Magazine. Retrieved 2012-05-04.  ^ Jim Nelson; Ruven Afandor (2013-05-29). "The GQ+A: Pedro Almodovar". GQ. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Almodóvar y el sexo". Elmundo.es. 2006-12-22. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Pedro Almodóvar: queer pioneer - Parade@Portsmouth". Eprints.port.ac.uk. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Lambda Literary". Lambda Literary. 2015-08-05. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b c d Bad Education . "Pedro Almodóvar's Quintessentially Pansexual Oeuvre". PopMatters. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Thomas, June (2016-04-04). "Almodovar muse Chus Lampreave
Chus Lampreave
is dead at 85". Slate.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Heroines of Cinema: Almodóvar's Seven Favorite Actresses". Indiewire. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Ser chica Almodóvar Estilo EL PAÍS". Elpais.com. 2015-10-31. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Esteban Ramón (2013-12-19). "Agustín Almodóvar: "Hemos perdido el derecho moral sobre nuestras películas"". RTVE.es. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b "Esther García (El Deseo): "Almodóvar convierte en una obra cinematográfica lo que quiere con total libertad"". Europapress.es (in Spanish). 2015-11-20. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Raphael Abraham (2015-01-02). "Tea with the FT: Pedro Almodóvar". FT.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 April 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2016.  ^ "Jose Luis Alcaine to get Golden Camera 300 at 2013 Manaki Brothers". Moviescopemag.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Ángel Luis Fernández, un iluminador emblemático". Academiadecine.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ RTVE.es (2012-08-30). "Fallece el músico de la movida Bernardo Bonezzi". RTVE.es. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Coady, Alan (2014-11-11). "Scoring for Spain: the film music of Alberto Iglesias
Alberto Iglesias
by Bachtrack for classical music, opera, ballet and dance event reviews". Bachtrack.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "En venta el baúl de los tesoros de Almodóvar Cultura". Elmundo.es. 2010-12-15. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Pedro Almodóvar". Oneequalworld.com. 2013-06-10. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ "El novio de Pedro Almodóvar, Fernando Iglesias, sale del anonimato en el cine". Lavozlibre.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Almodóvar y su novio reviven la llama del amor con Caetano Veloso loc EL MUNDO". Elmundo.es. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Almodóvar compra casa en Pintor Rosales. Noticias de Noticias". Vanitatis.elconfidencial.com. 2007-06-21. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "Tax havens: Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
breaks silence over Panama Papers
Panama Papers
In English EL PAÍS". Elpais.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ Pamela Rolfe (4/5/2016) Pedro Almodovar Cancels Press for New Film After Panama Papers
Panama Papers
Mention The Hollywood reporter, retrieved 5 April 2016 ^ " Agustín Almodóvar
Agustín Almodóvar
Takes The Fall For Filmmaker
Filmmaker
Brother Pedro In Panama Papers
Panama Papers
Company The Spain
Spain
Report". Thespainreport.com. 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ a b Cabeza, Elisabet (2016-04-21). " Agustín Almodóvar
Agustín Almodóvar
interview: producer talks Panama Papers, 'Julieta' box office News Screen". Screendaily.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ " Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
sobre los papeles de Panamá: "Soy absolutamente responsable"". Lavanguardia.com. 2016-04-14. Retrieved 2016-05-12.  ^ "'Julieta', el peor estreno en la taquilla de Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
en 20 años Cultura". Elmundo.es. Retrieved 2016-05-12. 

Further reading[edit]

Allinson, Mark. A Spanish Labyrinth: The Films of Pedro Almodóvar, I.B Tauris Publishers, 2001, ISBN 1-86064-507-0 Almodóvar, Pedro. Some Notes About the Skin I Live In. Taschen Magazine, Winter 2011/12. Bergan, Ronald. Film, D.K Publishing, 2006, ISBN 0-7566-2203-4 Cobos, Juan and Marias Miguel. Almodóvar Secreto, Nickel Odeon, 1995 D’ Lugo, Marvin. Pedro Almodóvar, University of Illinois Press, 2006, ISBN 0-252-07361-4 Edwards, Gwyne. Almodóvar: labyrinths of Passion. London: Peter Owen. 2001, ISBN 0-7206-1121-0 Elgrably, Jordan. Anti-Macho Man: Spanish Iconoclast Pedro Almodóvar. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Times 1992 Strauss, Frederick. Almodóvar on Almodóvar, Faber and Faber, 2006, ISBN 0-571-23192-6

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pedro Almodóvar.

Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
on IMDb Almodóvar Bibliography (via UC Berkeley)

v t e

Films directed by Pedro Almodóvar

Pepi, Luci, Bom
Pepi, Luci, Bom
(1980) Labyrinth of Passion
Labyrinth of Passion
(1982) Dark Habits
Dark Habits
(1983) What Have I Done to Deserve This? (1984) Matador (1986) Law of Desire
Law of Desire
(1987) Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown
(1988) Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
(1990) High Heels (1991) Kika (1993) The Flower of My Secret
The Flower of My Secret
(1995) Live Flesh
Live Flesh
(1997) All About My Mother
All About My Mother
(1999) Talk to Her (2002) Bad Education (2004) Volver
Volver
(2006) Broken Embraces
Broken Embraces
(2009) The Skin I Live In
The Skin I Live In
(2011) I'm So Excited (2013) Julieta (2016)

Awards for Pedro Almodóvar

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film

1947–1955 (Honorary)

1947: Shoeshine – Vittorio De Sica 1948: Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
– Maurice Cloche 1949: Bicycle Thieves
Bicycle Thieves
– Vittorio De Sica 1950: The Walls of Malapaga – René Clément 1951: Rashomon
Rashomon
– Akira Kurosawa 1952: Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
– René Clément 1953: No Award 1954: Gate of Hell – Teinosuke Kinugasa 1955: Samurai, The Legend of Musashi – Hiroshi Inagaki

1956–1975

1956: La Strada
La Strada
– Federico Fellini 1957: Nights of Cabiria
Nights of Cabiria
– Federico Fellini 1958: My Uncle – Jacques Tati 1959: Black Orpheus
Black Orpheus
– Marcel Camus 1960: The Virgin Spring
The Virgin Spring
– Ingmar Bergman 1961: Through a Glass Darkly – Ingmar Bergman 1962: Sundays and Cybele
Sundays and Cybele
– Serge Bourguignon 1963:
– Federico Fellini 1964: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
– Vittorio De Sica 1965: The Shop on Main Street
The Shop on Main Street
Ján Kadár & Elmar Klos 1966: A Man and a Woman
A Man and a Woman
– Claude Lelouch 1967: Closely Watched Trains
Closely Watched Trains
– Jiří Menzel 1968: War and Peace – Sergei Bondarchuk 1969: Z – Costa-Gavras 1970: Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion
Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion
– Elio Petri 1971: The Garden of the Finzi Continis – Vittorio De Sica 1972: The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
– Luis Buñuel 1973: Day for Night – François Truffaut 1974: Amarcord
Amarcord
– Federico Fellini 1975: Dersu Uzala – Akira Kurosawa

1976–2000

1976: Black and White in Color
Black and White in Color
– Jean-Jacques Annaud 1977: Madame Rosa
Madame Rosa
– Moshé Mizrahi 1978: Get Out Your Handkerchiefs
Get Out Your Handkerchiefs
– Bertrand Blier 1979: The Tin Drum – Volker Schlöndorff 1980: Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears
Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears
– Vladimir Menshov 1981: Mephisto – István Szabó 1982: Volver
Volver
a Empezar ('To Begin Again') – José Luis Garci 1983: Fanny and Alexander
Fanny and Alexander
– Ingmar Bergman 1984: Dangerous Moves
Dangerous Moves
– Richard Dembo 1985: The Official Story
The Official Story
– Luis Puenzo 1986: The Assault – Fons Rademakers 1987: Babette's Feast – Gabriel Axel 1988: Pelle the Conqueror
Pelle the Conqueror
– Bille August 1989: Cinema Paradiso – Giuseppe Tornatore 1990: Journey of Hope – Xavier Koller 1991: Mediterraneo – Gabriele Salvatores 1992: Indochine – Régis Wargnier 1993: Belle Époque – Fernando Trueba 1994: Burnt by the Sun
Burnt by the Sun
– Nikita Mikhalkov 1995: Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
– Marleen Gorris 1996: Kolya
Kolya
– Jan Svěrák 1997: Character – Mike van Diem 1998: Life Is Beautiful
Life Is Beautiful
– Roberto Benigni 1999: All About My Mother
All About My Mother
– Pedro Almodóvar 2000: Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
– Ang Lee

2001–present

2001: No Man's Land – Danis Tanović 2002: Nowhere in Africa – Caroline Link 2003: The Barbarian Invasions
The Barbarian Invasions
– Denys Arcand 2004: The Sea Inside
The Sea Inside
– Alejandro Amenábar 2005: Tsotsi
Tsotsi
– Gavin Hood 2006: The Lives of Others
The Lives of Others
– Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck 2007: The Counterfeiters – Stefan Ruzowitzky 2008: Departures – Yōjirō Takita 2009: The Secret in Their Eyes
The Secret in Their Eyes
– Juan J. Campanella 2010: In a Better World
In a Better World
– Susanne Bier 2011: A Separation – Asghar Farhadi 2012: Amour – Michael Haneke 2013: The Great Beauty
The Great Beauty
– Paolo Sorrentino 2014: Ida – Paweł Pawlikowski 2015: Son of Saul
Son of Saul
– László Nemes 2016: The Salesman – Asghar Farhadi 2017: A Fantastic Woman
A Fantastic Woman
– Sebastián Lelio

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay

1940–1960

Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges
(1940) Herman J. Mankiewicz
Herman J. Mankiewicz
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1941) Michael Kanin
Michael Kanin
and Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1942) Norman Krasna (1943) Lamar Trotti (1944) Richard Schweizer (1945) Muriel Box and Sydney Box (1946) Sidney Sheldon (1947) No award (1948) Robert Pirosh (1949) Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1951) T. E. B. Clarke (1952) Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen and Walter Reisch (1953) Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
(1954) Sonya Levien and William Ludwig (1955) Albert Lamorisse
Albert Lamorisse
(1956) George Wells (1957) Nathan E. Douglas and Harold Jacob Smith (1958) Clarence Greene, Maurice Richlin, Russell Rouse and Stanley Shapiro (1959) I. A. L. Diamond and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960)

1961–1980

William Inge
William Inge
(1961) Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi, and Alfredo Giannetti (1962) James Webb (1963) Peter Stone and Frank Tarloff (1964) Frederic Raphael (1965) Claude Lelouch
Claude Lelouch
and Pierre Uytterhoeven (1966) William Rose (1967) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1968) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) David S. Ward
David S. Ward
(1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Robert C. Jones, Waldo Salt, and Nancy Dowd (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980)

1981–2000

Colin Welland (1981) John Briley (1982) Horton Foote (1983) Robert Benton (1984) William Kelley, Pamela Wallace and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow (1988) Tom Schulman (1989) Bruce Joel Rubin (1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Christopher McQuarrie
Christopher McQuarrie
(1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
and Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Pierre Bismuth, Michel Gondry
Michel Gondry
and Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best Direction

Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) George Roy Hill (1970) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1975) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1984) no award (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1987) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1988) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Mike Newell (1994) Michael Radford
Michael Radford
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(1997) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay

Paul D. Zimmerman (1983) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1984) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) David Leland (1987) Shawn Slovo (1988) Nora Ephron
Nora Ephron
(1989) Giuseppe Tornatore
Giuseppe Tornatore
(1990) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1991) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1992) Harold Ramis
Harold Ramis
and Danny Rubin
Danny Rubin
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Christopher McQuarrie
Christopher McQuarrie
(1995) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1996) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(1997) Andrew Niccol
Andrew Niccol
(1998) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000) Jean-Pierre Jeunet
Jean-Pierre Jeunet
and Guillaume Laurant (2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Tom McCarthy (2003) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Martin McDonagh
Martin McDonagh
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Eric Warren Singer and David O. Russell
David O. Russell
(2013) Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
and Hugo Guinness (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Martin McDonagh
Martin McDonagh
(2017)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
Best Director Award

René Clément
René Clément
(1946) René Clément
René Clément
(1949) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1951) Christian-Jaque (1952) Jules Dassin
Jules Dassin
/ Sergei Vasilyev
Sergei Vasilyev
(1955) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1956) Robert Bresson (1957) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1958) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1959) Yuliya Solntseva
Yuliya Solntseva
(1961) Liviu Ciulei (1965) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1966) Ferenc Kósa
Ferenc Kósa
(1967) Glauber Rocha
Glauber Rocha
/ Vojtěch Jasný
Vojtěch Jasný
(1969) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1970) Miklós Jancsó
Miklós Jancsó
(1972) Michel Brault / Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
(1975) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1976) Nagisa Oshima
Nagisa Oshima
(1978) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1979) Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
(1982) Robert Bresson / Andrei Tarkovsky
Andrei Tarkovsky
(1983) Bertrand Tavernier
Bertrand Tavernier
(1984) André Téchiné
André Téchiné
(1985) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1986) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1987) Fernando Solanas
Fernando Solanas
(1988) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(1989) Pavel Lungin
Pavel Lungin
(1990) Joel Coen (1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1993) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(1994) Mathieu Kassovitz
Mathieu Kassovitz
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(1997) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Edward Yang (2000) Joel Coen / David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Im Kwon-taek / Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2002) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(2003) Tony Gatlif
Tony Gatlif
(2004) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2005) Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Nuri Bilge Ceylan
Nuri Bilge Ceylan
(2008) Brillante Mendoza
Brillante Mendoza
(2009) Mathieu Amalric
Mathieu Amalric
(2010) Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
(2011) Carlos Reygadas
Carlos Reygadas
(2012) Amat Escalante
Amat Escalante
(2013) Bennett Miller
Bennett Miller
(2014) Hou Hsiao-hsien
Hou Hsiao-hsien
(2015) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ Cristian Mungiu
Cristian Mungiu
(2016) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2017)

v t e

European Film Award for Best Director

Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1988) Géza Bereményi
Géza Bereményi
(1989) Jean-Pierre Jeunet
Jean-Pierre Jeunet
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Lars von Trier
Lars von Trier
(2003) Alejandro Amenábar
Alejandro Amenábar
(2004) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2005) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2006) Cristian Mungiu
Cristian Mungiu
(2007) Matteo Garrone
Matteo Garrone
(2008) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2009) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2010) Susanne Bier
Susanne Bier
(2011) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2012) Paolo Sorrentino
Paolo Sorrentino
(2013) Paweł Pawlikowski
Paweł Pawlikowski
(2014) Paolo Sorrentino
Paolo Sorrentino
(2015) Maren Ade
Maren Ade
(2016) Ruben Östlund
Ruben Östlund
(2017)

v t e

European Film Award for Best Screenwriter

Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1988) Maria Khmelik (1989) Vitali Kanevsky
Vitali Kanevsky
(1990) Jaco Van Dormael
Jaco Van Dormael
(1991) István Szabó
István Szabó
(1992) Arif Aliev, Sergei Bodrov, and Boris Giller (1996) Chris Vander Stappen and Alain Berliner (1997) Peter Howitt (1998) István Szabó
István Szabó
and Israel Horovitz (1999) Agnès Jaoui
Agnès Jaoui
and Jean-Pierre Bacri (2000) Danis Tanović
Danis Tanović
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Bernd Lichtenberg (2003) Agnès Jaoui
Agnès Jaoui
and Jean-Pierre Bacri (2004) Hany Abu-Assad
Hany Abu-Assad
and Bero Beyer (2005) Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck
Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck
(2006) Fatih Akin
Fatih Akin
(2007) Matteo Garrone, Roberto Saviano, Maurizio Braucci, Ugo Chiti, Gianni Di Gregorio, and Massimo Gaudioso (2008) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2009) Robert Harris and Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2010) Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne (2011) Tobias Lindholm and Thomas Vinterberg
Thomas Vinterberg
(2012) François Ozon
François Ozon
(2013) Paweł Pawlikowski
Paweł Pawlikowski
and Rebecca Lenkiewicz (2014) Yorgos Lanthimos
Yorgos Lanthimos
and Efthimis Filippou (2015) Maren Ade
Maren Ade
(2016) Ruben Östlund
Ruben Östlund
(2017)

v t e

European Film Academy Achievement in World Cinema Award

Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1997) Stellan Skarsgård
Stellan Skarsgård
(1998) Antonio Banderas
Antonio Banderas
(1999) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1999) Jean Reno
Jean Reno
(2000) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(2000) Ewan McGregor
Ewan McGregor
(2001) Victoria Abril
Victoria Abril
(2002) Carlo Di Palma (2003) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2004) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(2005) Jeremy Thomas
Jeremy Thomas
(2006) Michael Ballhaus
Michael Ballhaus
(2007) Søren Kragh-Jacobsen (2008) Kristian Levring (2008) Lars von Trier
Lars von Trier
(2008) Thomas Vinterberg
Thomas Vinterberg
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Gabriel Yared (2010) Mads Mikkelsen
Mads Mikkelsen
(2011) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2012) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2013) Steve McQueen (2014) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2015) Pierce Brosnan
Pierce Brosnan
(2016) Julie Delpy
Julie Delpy
(2017)

v t e

Festival de Gramado
Festival de Gramado
Best Director Award

Luis Sérgio Person (1973) Denoy de Oliveira (1974) Walter Hugo Khouri (1975) Eduardo Escorel (1976) Bruno Barreto
Bruno Barreto
(1977) João Batista de Andrade
João Batista de Andrade
(1978) Jorge Bodansky and Wolf Gauer (1979) Carlos Hugo Christensen
Carlos Hugo Christensen
(1980) Carlos Alberto Prates Correia (1981) Djalma Limongi Batista (1982) Ana Carolina (1983) Denoy de Oliveira (1984) André Klotzel (1985) Carlos Reichenbach
Carlos Reichenbach
(1986) Wilson Barros (1987) Guilherme de Almeida Prado (1988) Murilo Salles (1989) Miguel Faria Jr. (1990) Neville D'Almeida (1991) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1992) Eliseo Subiela (1993) Mario Brenta
Mario Brenta
(1994) Jorge Fons (1995) Murilo Salles (1996) Beto Brant
Beto Brant
(1997) Bruno Stagnaro / Israel Caetano (1998) Julio Medem
Julio Medem
(1999) Francisco José Lombardi
Francisco José Lombardi
(2000) André Klotzel (2001) Anna Muylaert
Anna Muylaert
(2002) Ricardo Elias (2003) Joel Zito Araújo (2004) Tizuka Yamasaki
Tizuka Yamasaki
(2005) Andrea Tonacci (2006) Paulo Caldas (2007) Domingos de Oliveira (2008) Vincent Carelli / Paulo Nascimento (2009) Jeferson De (2010) Gustavo Pizzi (2011) Kleber Mendonça Filho
Kleber Mendonça Filho
(2012) Andradina Azevedo / Dida Andrade (2013) Marcelo Galvão (2014) Chico Teixeira (2015) Domingos de Oliveira (2016)

v t e

Goya Award for Best Director

1980s

Fernando Fernán Gómez
Fernando Fernán Gómez
(1986) José Luis Garci
José Luis Garci
(1987) Gonzalo Suárez
Gonzalo Suárez
(1988) Fernando Trueba
Fernando Trueba
(1989)

1990s

Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura
(1990) Vicente Aranda (1991) Fernando Trueba
Fernando Trueba
(1992) Luis García Berlanga
Luis García Berlanga
(1993) Imanol Uribe (1994) Álex de la Iglesia
Álex de la Iglesia
(1995) Pilar Miró (1996) Ricardo Franco (1997) Fernando León de Aranoa
Fernando León de Aranoa
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999)

2000s

José Luis Borau (2000) Alejandro Amenábar
Alejandro Amenábar
(2001) Fernando León de Aranoa
Fernando León de Aranoa
(2002) Icíar Bollaín
Icíar Bollaín
(2003) Alejandro Amenábar
Alejandro Amenábar
(2004) Isabel Coixet
Isabel Coixet
(2005) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2006) Jaime Rosales (2007) Javier Fesser
Javier Fesser
(2008) Daniel Monzón (2009)

2010s

Agustí Villaronga
Agustí Villaronga
(2010) Enrique Urbizu
Enrique Urbizu
(2011) J. A. Bayona
J. A. Bayona
(2012) David Trueba
David Trueba
(2013) Alberto Rodríguez (2014) Cesc Gay (2015) J. A. Bayona
J. A. Bayona
(2016) Isabel Coixet
Isabel Coixet
(2017)

v t e

Goya Award for Best Original Screenplay

1980s

Fernando Fernán Gómez
Fernando Fernán Gómez
(1986) Rafael Azcona (1987) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1988) Agustí Villaronga
Agustí Villaronga
(1989)

1990s

Montxo Armendáriz
Montxo Armendáriz
(1990) Juanma Bajo Ulloa and Eduardo Bajo Ulloa (1991) Rafael Azcona, José Luis García Sánchez and Fernando Trueba
Fernando Trueba
(1992) Mario Camus
Mario Camus
(1993) Joaquín Oristrell, Yolanda García Serrano, Juan Luis Iborra and Manuel Gómez Pereira (1994) Agustín Díaz Yanes
Agustín Díaz Yanes
(1995) Alejandro Amenábar
Alejandro Amenábar
(1996) Ricardo Franco and Ángeles González-Sinde (1997) Fernando León de Aranoa
Fernando León de Aranoa
(1998) Benito Zambrano (1999)

2000s

Achero Mañas and Verónica Fernández (2000) Alejandro Amenábar
Alejandro Amenábar
(2001) Enrique Brasó and Antonio Hernández (2002) Icíar Bollaín
Icíar Bollaín
and Alicia Luna (2003) Alejandro Amenábar
Alejandro Amenábar
and Mateo Gil (2004) Isabel Coixet
Isabel Coixet
(2005) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2006) Sergio G. Sánchez (2007) Javier Fesser
Javier Fesser
(2008) Alejandro Amenábar
Alejandro Amenábar
and Mateo Gil (2009) Chris Sparling (2010)

2010s

Enrique Urbizu
Enrique Urbizu
and Michel Gaztambide (2011) Pablo Berger
Pablo Berger
(2012) David Trueba
David Trueba
(2013) Alberto Rodríguez and Rafael Cobos (2014) Cesc Gay and Tomas Aragay (2015) Raúl Arévalo
Raúl Arévalo
and David Pulido (2016)

v t e

Honorary César

1976–2000

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1976) Diana Ross
Diana Ross
(1976) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
(1977) Jacques Tati
Jacques Tati
(1977) Robert Dorfmann (1978) René Goscinny
René Goscinny
(1978) Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1979) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1979) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1979) Pierre Braunberger (1980) Louis de Funès
Louis de Funès
(1980) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1981) Alain Resnais (1981) Georges Dancigers (1982) Alexandre Mnouchkine (1982) Jean Nény (1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Raimu
Raimu
(1983) René Clément
René Clément
(1984) Georges de Beauregard (1984) Edwige Feuillère
Edwige Feuillère
(1984) Christian-Jaque (1985) Danielle Darrieux
Danielle Darrieux
(1985) Christine Gouze-Rénal (1985) Alain Poiré (1985) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1986) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1986) Jean Delannoy
Jean Delannoy
(1986) René Ferracci (1986) Claude Lanzmann
Claude Lanzmann
(1986) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1987) Serge Silberman (1988) Bernard Blier
Bernard Blier
(1989) Paul Grimault
Paul Grimault
(1989) Gérard Philipe
Gérard Philipe
(1990) Jean-Pierre Aumont
Jean-Pierre Aumont
(1991) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1991) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1992) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1992) Jean Marais
Jean Marais
(1993) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Gérard Oury
Gérard Oury
(1993) Jean Carmet
Jean Carmet
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1995) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Henri Verneuil
Henri Verneuil
(1996) Charles Aznavour
Charles Aznavour
(1997) Andie MacDowell
Andie MacDowell
(1997) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1998) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1998) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(1999) Jean Rochefort
Jean Rochefort
(1999) Josiane Balasko
Josiane Balasko
(2000) Georges Cravenne
Georges Cravenne
(2000) Jean-Pierre Léaud
Jean-Pierre Léaud
(2000) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2000)

2001–present

Darry Cowl (2001) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2001) Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2001) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(2002) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(2002) Claude Rich
Claude Rich
(2002) Bernadette Lafont
Bernadette Lafont
(2003) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Micheline Presle
Micheline Presle
(2004) Jacques Dutronc
Jacques Dutronc
(2005) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2005) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2006) Pierre Richard
Pierre Richard
(2006) Marlène Jobert
Marlène Jobert
(2007) Jude Law
Jude Law
(2007) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(2008) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(2008) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2009) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2010) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2011) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2012) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(2013) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2014) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2015) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2016) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2017) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2018)

v t e

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Director

Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(1985) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1988) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Mike Figgis
Mike Figgis
(1995) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
/ Luca Guadagnino
Luca Guadagnino
(2017)

v t e

Satellite Award for Best Original Screenplay

John Sayles
John Sayles
(1996) Matt Damon
Matt Damon
and Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(1997) Gary Ross (1998) M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
(1999) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2000) Milo Addica and Will Rokos (2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) James L. White (2004) George Clooney
George Clooney
and Grant Heslov
Grant Heslov
(2005) Peter Morgan (2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Tom Mccarthy (2008) Scott Neustadter
Scott Neustadter
and Michael H. Weber (2009) David Seidler (2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2012) Eric Warren Singer and David O. Russell
David O. Russell
(2013) Dan Gilroy
Dan Gilroy
(2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Martin McDonagh
Martin McDonagh
(2017)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
jury presidents

1946–1975

Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1951) Maurice Genevoix
Maurice Genevoix
(1952) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1953) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1954) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1955) Maurice Lehmann
Maurice Lehmann
(1956) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon
Georges Simenon
(1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang
Fritz Lang
(1964) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1965) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson
André Chamson
(1968) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias
Miguel Ángel Asturias
(1970) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1971) Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey
(1972) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1973) René Clair
René Clair
(1974) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1975)

1975–2000

Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1976) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1977) Alan J. Pakula
Alan J. Pakula
(1978) Françoise Sagan
Françoise Sagan
(1979) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron
William Styron
(1983) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
(1984) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1985) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1986) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1987) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1988) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1989) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1990) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1991) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1992) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1993) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1996) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1999) Luc Besson
Luc Besson
(2000)

2001–present

Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2001) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(2005) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(2006) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2012) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2013) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2017) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2018)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 100280741 LCCN: n90606701 ISNI: 0000 0001 2145 3146 GND: 119278472 SELIBR: 239015 SUDOC: 030954770 BNF: cb12184017z (data) ULAN: 500233693 MusicBrainz: e85f3342-dcaf-458a-a03d-3ecf340d56a4 NDL: 00462207 NKC: ola2002113845 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV96565 BNE: XX4578342 SNAC: w6cc22n

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