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Pease pudding, also known as pease porridge, is a savoury pudding dish made of boiled legumes, typically split yellow peas, with water, salt, and spices, and often cooked with a bacon or ham joint. A common dish in the north-east of England, it is consumed to a lesser extent in the rest of Britain, as well as in other regions worldwide.

Dish

Pease pudding is typically thick, somewhat similar in texture to (but perhaps a little more solid than) hummus, and is light yellow in colour, with a mild taste. Pease pudding is traditionally produced in England, especially in the industrial North Eastern areas. It is often served with ham or bacon, beetroot and stottie cakes. It is also a key ingredient in the classic saveloy dip. In Southern England, it is usually served with faggots. Also in Southern England is the small village of Pease Pottage which, according to tradition, gets its name from serving pease pottage to convicts either on their way from London to the South Coast, or from East Grinstead to Horsham. Peasemeal brose, also known as brosemeal, is a traditional breakfast dish in the north of Scotland. It is made in the traditional way and usually eaten with butter, and either salt or honey. In parts of the Midlands, it replaces mushy peas as a traditional accompaniment to fish and chips, although the distinction is largely the name and tendency for mushy peas to be green. In both cases, the starchy "field peas" used are harvested dry, as opposed to "sweet peas", which are the same species harvested fresh.

Etymology

In Middle English, "pease" was a mass noun, used in the same way as 'flour' or 'oatmeal'. The modern singular 'pea' and its plural 'peas' derive from this.

Regional variations

The dish is a traditional part of Jiggs dinner in Newfoundland, Canada. In German-speaking countries, pease pudding is known under the name ''Erbspüree'' or ''Erbsenpüree''. Alternative regional names are ''Erbsbrei'' or ''Erbsmus''. It is especially widespread in the traditional cuisine of the German capital Berlin. The best-known German dish which is traditionally served with pease pudding is ''Eisbein''. A similar dish with ham hock, ''karka'', is served in Lithuania. Traditional Russian cuisine has several pea-based dishes, including pease pudding/puree/soups known as ''gorohovaya kasha'' (russian: гороховая каша) or ''goroshnitsa'' (russian: горошница). In Beijing cuisine, ''Wandouhuang'' (豌豆黄) is a sweetened and chilled pease pudding made with yellow split peas or shelled mung beans, sometimes flavoured with sweet osmanthus blossoms and dates. A refined version of this snack is said to have been a favourite of Empress Dowager Cixi. In Greek cuisine, a similar dish is called Fava (Φάβα). Despite the name, it is usually made from yellow split peas, not Fava beans. The mashed peas are usually drizzled with olive oil and topped with chopped raw onions.

Recipe

Generally recipes for pease pudding involve steeping soaked split yellow peas in stock (traditionally ham hock stock) and cooking them for around 40 minutes. The resulting mush is then blended with other ingredients, which depend on the variation. The oldest known written recipe for something similar to pease pudding involves saffron, nutmeg and a little cinnamon in the blending process; modern recipes sometimes beat in an egg at this point to act as an extra binding agent.

In popular culture

Pease pudding is featured in a nursery rhyme, "Pease Porridge Hot". The song "Food, Glorious Food" from the 1960s West End and Broadway musical (and 1968 film) ''Oliver!'' features a lyric extolling pease pudding. In ''The Princess and the Goblin'', Curdie takes bread and pease pudding with him for sustenance when he goes to spy on the King's house. A discussion on Pease Pudding features in the very 1st episode of BBC TV Soap EastEnders. Peas Pudding also featured in Geordie Shore Season 16 Episode 10 as the cast members handed out leaflets and samples promoting the product.

See also

* Daal *Hummus *List of porridges *Pea soup *Porridge *Pottage

References

{{Commons category|Pease pudding Category:English cuisine Category:Geordie cuisine Category:Cuisine of Newfoundland and Labrador Category:Russian cuisine Category:Berlin cuisine Category:Porridges Category:Savory puddings Category:Legume dishes Category:Northumberland cuisine