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The Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
Metropolitan Region (PRD), also known as Zhujiang Delta or Zhusanjiao, is the low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary, where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea. It is one of the most densely urbanized regions in the world. This region was also the source of much Chinese emigration
Chinese emigration
from the 19th to the mid 20th centuries, including to the Western world, such as the US, Canada, Australia, Latin America, and much of Southeast Asia, where they formed many Chinatowns. Today, much of the Chinese diaspora traces their ancestry to this region. This region is often considered an emerging megacity. The PRD is a megalopolis, with future development into a single mega metropolitan area, yet itself is at the southern end of a larger megalopolis running along the southern coast of China, which include metropolises such as Chaoshan, Zhangzhou-Xiamen, Quanzhou- Putian
Putian
and Fuzhou. The nine largest cities of PRD had a combined population of 57.15 million at the end of 2013, comprising 53.69% of the provincial population.[1] According to the World Bank
World Bank
Group, the PRD has become the largest urban area in the world in both size and population.[2] The metropolitan region consists of one metropolitan area known as the Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area or Guangdong—Hong Kong— Macau
Macau
Greater Bay Area. On 7 December 2016, in the English version of the 13th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development of the People’s Republic of China
China
translated by the Central Compilation and Translation Bureau of China, the concept of "Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area" (粵港澳大灣區) was mentioned.[3] On 13 April 2017, the heading of a piece of news released at the English.gov.cn website of the State Council adopted the name " Guangdong
Guangdong
- Hong Kong
Hong Kong
- Macao Bay Area", and mentioned in the text of the same news that it is "also known as Greater Bay Area".[4] After a few months, on 1 July 2017, the "Framework Agreement on Deepening Guangdong
Guangdong
- Hong Kong
Hong Kong
- Macao Cooperation in the Development of the Bay Area" (深化粵港澳合作 推進大灣區建設框架協議) was signed in Hong Kong.[5]

Contents

1 Recent Development 2 Geography

2.1 River delta

3 Location and demographics 4 Economy

4.1 Significance of manufacturing

5 Transportation

5.1 Public transport

5.1.1 Urban rail transport 5.1.2 Buses, taxis and motorcycles

5.2 Air transport 5.3 Railway and intercity-rail transport 5.4 River transport

6 Cities

6.1 Subdivision

7 Pearl River mega-city 8 Pollution 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Recent Development[edit] Since economic liberalisation was adopted by the Chinese government in the late 1970s, the Delta has become one of the leading economic regions and a major manufacturing center of China
China
and the world. The Chinese government hopes that the manufacturing in Guangdong, combined with the financial and service economy and traditional capitalistic influence in Hong Kong, will create an economic gateway attracting foreign capital throughout mainland China.[citation needed] Geography[edit] River delta[edit] The river delta, also known as the Golden Delta of Guangdong,[6] is formed by three major rivers, the Xi Jiang
Xi Jiang
(West River), Bei Jiang (North River), and Dong Jiang
Dong Jiang
(East River). The flat lands of the delta are criss-crossed by a network of tributaries and distributaries of the Pearl River. The Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
is actually two alluvial deltas, separated by the core branch of the Pearl River. The Bei Jiang and Xi Jiang
Xi Jiang
converge to flow into the South China Sea
South China Sea
and Pearl River in the west, while the Dong Jiang
Dong Jiang
only flows into the Pearl River proper in the east. The Xi Jiang
Xi Jiang
begins exhibiting delta-like characteristics as far west as Zhaoqing, although this city is not usually considered a part of the PRD region. After passing through the Lingyang Gorge and converging with the Bei Jiang, the Xi Jiang
Xi Jiang
opens up and flows as far east as Nasha Qu and as far west as Xinhui. Major distributaries of the Xi include Donghui Shuidao, Jiya Shuidao, Hutiaomen Shuidao, Yinzhou Hu, and the main branch of the Xi Jiang. Jiangmen
Jiangmen
and Zhongshan
Zhongshan
are the major cities found in the western section of the delta.[citation needed] The Bei Jiang
Bei Jiang
enters the delta plains at Qingyuan
Qingyuan
but doesn't begin to split until near Sanshui. From here the two main distributaries are Tanzhou Shuidao and Shunde Shuidao which form multiple mouths along the west side of the Pearl River's estuary. Two other distributaries, Lubao Yong and Xinan Yong, split from the Bei further north and converge with the Liuxi He to form the main branch of the Pearl River just north of Guangzhou. The other major city in the north section of the delta is Foshan.[citation needed] The Dong Jiang
Dong Jiang
flows through Huizhou
Huizhou
into the delta. It begins diverging northeast of Dongguan
Dongguan
into many distributaries, including the Dongguan
Dongguan
Shuidao. Distributuares enter the Pearl River as far north as Luogang
Luogang
and as far south as Hu Men (Tiger Gate). Saltwater crocodiles were present within the Pearl River estuary during antiquity. Location and demographics[edit] As well as the delta itself, the term Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
refers to the dense network of cities that covers nine prefectures of the province of Guangdong, namely Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Foshan, Huizhou, Jiangmen
Jiangmen
and Zhaoqing, and the SARs of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau. The 2010/2011 State of the World Cities report, published by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme, estimates the population of the delta region at 120 million people; it is rapidly urbanising.[7] The eastern side of the PRD (Shenzhen, Dongguan), dominated by foreign capital, is the most developed economically. The western areas (Foshan, Zhuhai, Zhongshan, Jiangmen), dominated by local private capital, are open for development. New transport links between Hong Kong, Macau
Macau
and Zhuhai
Zhuhai
in the PRD are expected to open up new areas for development, further integrate the cities, and facilitate trade within the region. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai- Macau
Macau
Bridge, currently under construction, and the proposed Shenzhen- Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Bridge, currently in the planning phase, will be amongst the longest bridges in the world with a total length of approximately 50 km each.

An 1888 map of the mouth of the Pearl River Delta, showing the locations of Macau
Macau
and Hong Kong

Until c. 1985, the PRD had been mainly dominated by farms and small rural villages, but after the economy was reformed and opened, a flood of investment turned it into the land's economic powerhouse. The PRD's startling growth was fueled by foreign investment coming largely from Hong Kong
Hong Kong
manufacturers that moved their operations into the PRD. In 2003, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
companies employed 11 million workers in their PRD operations. Lately there have been extreme labour shortages in the region due to runaway economic growth which caused wages to rise by about 20 to 30 percent in the past two years.[8] Economy[edit] Main article: Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
Economic Zone The Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
has been one of the most economically dynamic regions of the People's Republic of China
China
since the launch of China’s reform programme in 1979. With annual gross domestic product growth of 13.45 percent over three decades since 1978, it is 3.5 percentage points higher than the national average. Since 1978, almost 30% of all foreign investment in China
China
was in the PRD.[9] By 2007 its GDP rose to US$448 billion which makes its economy about the size of Taiwan's.[10] The abundance of employment opportunities created a pool of wealthy, middle-income, professional consumers with an annual per capita income that puts them among China's wealthiest.[11] Since the onset of China’s reform program, the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
Economic Zone has been the fastest growing portion of the fastest growing province in the fastest growing large economy in the world.[12] Dongguan, Zhongshan, Nanhai, and Shunde (the later two are now districts of Foshan) the four cities known as the Four Guangdong Dragons for its high growth rates and rapid development from late the 1980s to the 2000s. According to the 2000 national Census, the Zone had a population of 40.8 million people. Per capita income has been growing substantially in recent years, as have consumer expenditures. Although the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone encompasses only 0.4 percent of the land area and only 3.2 percent of the 2000 Census population of mainland China, it accounted for 8.7 percent of GDP, 35.8 percent of total trade, and 29.2 percent of utilised foreign capital in 2001. These figures show the remarkable level of economic development to which the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
has been subjected in order to become an 'Economic Zone', as well as the international orientation of the region’s economy. This orientation has attracted numerous investors from all over the world who use the Greater Pearl River Delta region as a platform for serving global and Chinese markets. As of 2008, the Central Government has introduced new labor laws, environmental and other regulations to reduce pollution, industrial disputes, produce safer working conditions and protect the environment. The costs of producing low margin and commodity goods have increased. This is on top of the rising cost for energy, food, transport and the appreciation of the Renminbi
Renminbi
against the falling US Dollar. Some manufacturers will need to cut costs by moving up the value chain or moving to more undeveloped regions.[13] The industrial cities in the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
has been called the "Factory of the World" or the "World's Factory" due the presence of industrial parks populated with factories from foreign investments.[14][15] The target market of the delta region's exports, however, has become increasingly domestic rather than foreign.[16] Significance of manufacturing[edit]

Several streets in Guangzhou
Guangzhou
specialize in selling electronic components to the manufacturers of electric and electronic goods

The Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
has become the world's workshop and is a major manufacturing base for products such as electronic products (such as watches and clocks), toys, garments and textiles, plastic products, and a range of other goods. Much of this output is invested by foreign entities and is geared for the export market. The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone accounts for approximately one third of China's trade value. Private-owned enterprises have developed quickly in the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone and are playing an ever-growing role in the region's economy, particularly after year 2000 when the development environment for private-owned enterprises has been greatly relaxed. Nearly five percent of the world's goods were produced in the Greater Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
in 2001, with a total export value of US$289 billion. Over 70,000 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
companies have factory plants there.[13] Transportation[edit] Public transport[edit] Urban rail transport[edit] Further information: Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Metro, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Metro, MTR, FMetro, and Dongguan
Dongguan
Rail Transit PRD is served by five different metro systems throughout the metropolitan area consisting of Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Metro, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Metro, MTR, FMetro, and Dongguan
Dongguan
Rail Transit. Both Guangzhou
Guangzhou
and Hong Kong
Hong Kong
are also served by tram systems: Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Trams, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Tramways, MTR Light Rail, and Peak Tram. Currently, four additional metro and tram systems are under construction: Macau
Macau
Light Rail Transit, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Trams, Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Trams, and Foshan
Foshan
Trams. Also, three additional systems are under planning stage: Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Metro, Huizhou
Huizhou
Metro, and Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Metro. Buses, taxis and motorcycles[edit] All cities are served by buses and taxis, while some cities may still offer motorcycle service. Air transport[edit] PRD is metropolitan area covered by 7 civilian airports and four of the airports are international.

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Baiyun International Airport Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Bao'an International Airport Hong Kong
Hong Kong
International Airport Macau
Macau
International Airport Foshan
Foshan
Shadi Airport Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Jinwan Airport Huizhou
Huizhou
Pingtan Airport

Railway and intercity-rail transport[edit] Further information: Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
Rapid Transit The entire PRD is fully covered by railway, high-speed rail, or intercity-rail services.

Major stations

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Railway Station Guangzhou
Guangzhou
East Railway Station Guangzhou
Guangzhou
South Railway Station Guangzhou
Guangzhou
North Railway Station Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Railway Station Shenzhen
Shenzhen
North Railway Station Shenzhen
Shenzhen
East Railway Station Futian Railway Station Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Station and Central Station Hung Hom Station Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Railway Station Zhongshan
Zhongshan
North Railway Station Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Railway Station Zhuhai
Zhuhai
North Railway Station Dongguan
Dongguan
Railway Station Dongguan
Dongguan
East Railway Station Foshan
Foshan
Railway Station Foshan
Foshan
East Railway Station Jiangmen
Jiangmen
Railway Station Humen Railway Station Huizhou
Huizhou
Railway Station Zhaoqing
Zhaoqing
Railway Station

River transport[edit] There are daily high-speed catamaran services throughout the PRD region.

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Ferry Cotai
Cotai
Jet New World First Ferry TurboJET Star Ferry Hong Kong
Hong Kong
& Kowloon
Kowloon
Ferry Discovery Bay Transportation Services Park Island Transport Fortune Ferry Macao Dragon
Macao Dragon
Company Coral Sea Ferry Chuen Kee Ferry Tsui Wah Ferry

Cities[edit]

Guangzhou

Shenzhen

Hong Kong

Dongguan

Foshan

Jiangmen

Huizhou

Zhongshan

Zhuhai

Macau

Zhaoqing

Enping

Heshan

Kaiping

Sihui

Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
(Guangdong)

City Romanization Stats Information & Subdivisions City Map Image

Guangzhou 广州(廣州) Pinyin: Guǎngzhōu Canton: Guong2zeo1 Yale: Gwóngjāu Jyutping: Gwong2zau1 Population: 12,700,800 Area: 7,434 km2 Density: 1,708.47/km2 Also known to many English speakers as Canton, Guangzhou
Guangzhou
is the capital of Guangdong
Guangdong
province. It is a port on the Pearl River, navigable to the South China
China
Sea, and is cultural and political center of the Pearl River Delta.

Districts: Yuexiu, Liwan, Haizhu, Tianhe, Baiyun, Huangpu, Panyu, Huadu, Nansha, Zengcheng, Conghua New Area: Nansha

Shenzhen 深圳 Pinyin: Shēnzhèn Canton: Sem1zen3 Yale: Sāmjan Jyutping: Sam1zan3 Population: 10,357,938 Area: 1,991 km2 Density: 5,202.37/km2 Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is a Special Economic Zones
Special Economic Zones
(SEZ) in China. It has been one of the fastest growing cities in the world. It also has one of the busiest ports in the world.

Districts: Futian, Luohu, Nanshan, Yantian, Bao'an, Longgang, Pingshan, Longhua New Districts: Guangming, Dapeng

Hong Kong 香港 Pinyin: Xiānggǎng Canton: Hêng1gong2 Yale: Hēunggóng Jyutping: Hoeng1gong2 Population: 7,061,200 Area: 1,104 km2 Density: 6,396.01/km2 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island was first occupied by British forces in 1841, and then formally ceded from China
China
under the Treaty of Nanjing
Treaty of Nanjing
at the end of the war. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
remained a crown colony of the United Kingdom until 1997 when it was returned to China. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
is known as one of the world's leading financial capitals also a major business and cultural hub.

Districts: Central and Western, Eastern, Southern, Wan Chai, Kowloon City, Kwun Tong, Sham Shui Po, Wong Tai Sin, Yau Tsim Mong, Islands, Kwai Tsing, North, Sai Kung, Sha Tin, Tai Po, Tsuen Wan, Tuen Mun, Yuen Long

Macau 澳门(澳門) Pinyin: Àomén Canton: Ou3mun4 Yale: Oumùhn Jyutping: Ou3mun4 Population: 544,600 Area: 30 km2 Density: 18,153.33/km2 Macau
Macau
was first Portuguese settlement in China
China
on 1557. Macau
Macau
remained a colony of Portugal
Portugal
until 1999 when it was returned to China. Macau has developed into a notable tourist industry that boasts a wide range of hotels, resorts, stadiums, restaurants and casinos. This makes it one of the richest cities in the world.

Freguesia: Nossa Senhora de Fátima, Santo António, São Lázaro, Sé, São Lourenço, Nossa Senhora do Carmo, São Francisco Xavier Zone: Cotai

Dongguan 东莞(東莞) Pinyin: Dōngguǎn Canton: Dung1gun2 Yale: Dūnggún Jyutping: Dung1gun2 Population: 8,220,237 Area: 2,465 km2 Density: 3,334.78/km2 Dongguan
Dongguan
borders the provincial capital of Guangzhou
Guangzhou
to the north, Huizhou
Huizhou
to the northeast, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
to the south, and the Pearl River to the west. It is also home to the world's largest shopping mall, South China
China
Mall.

Subdistricts: Dongcheng, Guancheng, Nancheng, Wanjiang Towns: Chang'an, Changping, Chashan, Dalang, Dalingshan, Daojiao, Dongkeng, Fenggang, Gaobu, Hengli, Hongmei, Houjie, Huangjiang, Humen, Liaobu, Machong, Qiaotou, Qingxi, Qishi, Shatian, Shijie, Shilong, Shipai, Tangxia, Wangniudun, Xiegang, Zhangmutou, Zhongtang

Foshan 佛山 Pinyin: Fóshān Canton: Fed1san1 Yale: Fātsāan Jyutping: Fat1saan1 Population: 7,194,311 Area: 3,848 km2 Density: 1,869.62/km2 Foshan
Foshan
is an old town dated back many centuries. It was famous for its porcelain industry. It is now the third largest city in Guangdong'. The city is relatively affluent when compared to other Chinese cities, and it is home to many large private enterprises. Foshan
Foshan
recently has seen a transformation brought by China's booming economy. City administration is considered especially progressive in seeking foreign direct investment especially in Nanhai District
Nanhai District
which has closes ties with Guangzhou
Guangzhou
to form a Guangzhou- Foshan
Foshan
metro in the near future.

Districts: Chancheng, Nanhai, Shunde, Sanshui, Gaoming

Zhuhai 珠海 Pinyin: Zhūhǎi Canton: Ju6oi2 Yale: Jyūhói Jyutping: Zyu1hoi2 Population: 1,560,229 Area: 1,724 km2 Density: 905.00/km2 Zhuhai
Zhuhai
plays a similar role to Shenzhen
Shenzhen
and became the first of the Special Economic Zones
Special Economic Zones
(SEZ) in China. Since the late 1970s it has been one of the fastest-growing cities in the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
due to its proximity to Macau.

Districts: Xiangzhou, Doumen, Jinwan New Area: Hengqin

Zhongshan 中山 Pinyin: Zhōngshān Canton: Zung1san1 Yale: Jūngsāan Jyutping: Zung1saan1 Population: 3,120,884 Area: 1,783 km2 Density: 1,750.35/km2 Zhongshan
Zhongshan
is a mid-size city named after Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
(who had the alternate name Sun Zhongshan), who is widely considered by both the governments of China
China
and Taiwan
Taiwan
to be the "Father of modern China" and was born in Zhongshan's Cuiheng
Cuiheng
village in 1866. Zhongshan
Zhongshan
serves as a midway point between Guangzhou
Guangzhou
and Macau. Zhongshan
Zhongshan
is known in China for making lamps.

Subdistricts: Dongqu, Nanqu, Shiqi, Xiqu, Wuguishan Subdistrict, ZTHIDZ (Zhongshangang) Towns: Banfu, Dachong, Dongfeng, Dongsheng, Fusha, Gangkou, Guzhen, Henglan,l Huangpu, Nanlang, Nantou, Minzhong, Sanjiao, Sanxiang, Shaxi, Shenwan, Tanzhou, Xiaolan New Area: Cuiheng

Jiangmen 江门(江門) Pinyin: Jiāngmén Canton: Gong1mun4 Yale: Gōngmùhn Jyutping: Gong1mun4 Population: 4,448,871 Area: 9,443 km2 Density: 471.12/km2 Jiangmen
Jiangmen
Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong
Guangdong
province. The local government plans to develop a harbour industrial zone with heavy industries such as petrochemical and machinery industries. The port of Jiangmen
Jiangmen
was known as Kong-Moon when it was forced to open to western trade in 1902. One legacy of this period is a historic waterfront district lined with buildings in the treaty port style. The city has an ongoing renewal project which has restored many of these buildings.

Districts: Jianghai, Pengjiang, Xinhui County-level Cities: Enping, Taishan, Kaiping, Heshan

Huizhou 惠州 Pinyin: Hùizhōu Canton: Wei6zeo1 Yale: Waihjāu Jyutping: Wai6zau1 Population: 4,597,002 Area: 10,922 km2 Density: 420.89/km2 Huizhou
Huizhou
is the most eastern city in the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
region. Huizhou
Huizhou
is known for its West Lake scenery. Huizhou
Huizhou
gained benefit from the Chinese economic reform
Chinese economic reform
of the late 1980s. The blossoming real estate market attracted capital investment from Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Taiwan. In the provincial economic development strategy, Huizhou
Huizhou
is regarded as a site for a world-class petrochemical industry, as well as a hub for developing information technology, and expanding exports and trade.

Districts: Huicheng, Huiyang Counties: Boluo, Huidong, Longmen

Zhaoqing 肇庆(肇慶) Pinyin: Zhàoqìng Canton: Xiu6 hing3 Yale: Siuhhing Jyutping: Siu6 hing3 Population: 3,918,085 Area: 14,891 km2 Density: 263.11/km2 Zhaoqing
Zhaoqing
is the most western city in the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
region. It is well known for being a regional tourist hub, a medium-sized provincial "college town" as well as an up-and-coming manufacturing center. Residents from Guangzhou, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
and other nearby cities, as well as people from Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau, are known to visit the city on weekend getaways and excursions.

Districts: Duanzhou, Dinghu, Gaoyao Counties: Guangning, Huaiji, Fengkai, Deqing County-level City: Sihui

Subdivision[edit]

Name City Type Population (2010~2011) Area (km2) Density (/km2)

Baiyun Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 46,768 3.08 15,184

Beijing Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 53,135 0.51 104,186

Dadong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 83,491 1.02 81,853

Datang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 46,124 1.06 43,513

Dengfeng Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 92,218 4.98 18,517

Dongshan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 74,299 2.30 32,303

Guangta Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 68,128 0.44 154,836

Hongqiao Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 42,258 1.52 27,801

Huale Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 47,126 1.28 36,817

Huanghuagang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 99,569 4.43 22,476

Jianshe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 52,110 0.93 56,032

Kuangquan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 90,036 3.01 29,912

Liuhua Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 17,253 1.81 9,532

Liurong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 83,996 0.87 96,547

Meihuacun Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 85,400 1.73 49,364

Nonglin Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 50,152 1.08 46,437

Renmin Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 69,274 1.51 45,876

Zhuguang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Yuexiu) Subdistrict 56,329 0.93 60,568

Baihedong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 48,238 3.10 15,560

Caihong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 54,348 1.06 51,271

Chajiao Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 54,918 4.05 13,560

Changhua Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 32,778 1.61 20,359

Chongkou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 48,097 4.20 11,451

Dongjiao Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 35,889 4.60 7,801

Dongsha Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 29,013 7.90 3,672

Duobao Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 32,581 0.86 37,884

Fengyuan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 59,337 0.78 76,073

Hailong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 31,801 9.49 3,351

Huadi Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 39,635 1.63 24,315

Hualin Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 46,309 0.72 64,318

Jinhua Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 54,670 1.16 47,129

Lingnan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 27,560 0.90 30,622

Longjin Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 43,518 0.53 82,109

Nanyuan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 70,066 1.85 37,873

Qiaozhong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 31,643 4.40 71,91

Shamian Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 3,397 0.30 11,323

Shiweitang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 57,192 5.18 11,040

Xicun Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 45,069 3.27 13,782

Zhanqian Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 27,431 0.96 28,573

Zhongnan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Liwan) Subdistrict 24,710 7.00 3,530

Binjiang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 72,324 16.07 4,500

Changgang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 97,986 1.96 49,992

Chigang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 114,978 5.73 20,065

Fengyang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 162,641 9.30 17,488

Guanzhou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 57,869 11.20 5,166

Haichuang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 62,884 1.45 43,368

Huazhou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 49,742 12.20 4,077

Jianghai Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 115,157 5.30 21,727

Jiangnanzhong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 75,220 2.36 31,872

Longfeng Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 102,561 2.38 43,092

Nanhuaxi Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 37,960 1.10 34,509

Nanshitou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 123,043 4.80 25,633

Nanzhou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 84,726 12.30 6,888

Pazhou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 29,851 10.00 2,985

Ruibao Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 125,399 6.30 19,904

Shayuan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 67,322 1.44 46,751

Sushe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 67,103 1.68 39,942

Xingang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Haizhu) Subdistrict 111,897 3.85 29,064

Changxing Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 66,098 13.21 5,003

Chebei Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 102,787 5.60 18,354

Fenghuang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 19,534 22.99 849

Huangcun Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 29,501 6.17 4,781

Liede Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 22,522 3.10 7,265

Linhe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 59,732 3.80 15,718

Longdong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 70,055 11.70 5,987

Qianjin Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 59,700 4.90 12,183

Shadong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 29,522 2.16 13,667

Shahe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 42,814 1.26 33,979

Shipai Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 177,198 4.30 41,208

Tangxia Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 177,864 7.42 23,970

Tianhenan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 62,912 2.08 30,246

Tianyuan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 54,769 4.03 13,590

Wushan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 131,795 10.59 12,445

Xiancun Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 51,284 4.07 12,600

Xinghua Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 68,139 4.28 15,920

Xintang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 41,207 14.95 2,756

Yuancun Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 81,831 5.37 15,238

Yuangang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 30,610 3.23 9,476

Zhuji Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Tianhe) Subdistrict 52,552 10.01 5,249

Jingtai Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 82,226 11.40 7,212

Songzhou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 106,274 9.30 11,427

Tongde Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 105,310 3.60 29,252

Huangshi Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 117,339 5.71 20,549

Tangjing Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 89,895 4.23 21,251

Xinshi Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 76,146 3.36 21,449

Yuncheng Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict not established 3.74 —

Sanyuanli Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 100,149 6.80 14,727

Tonghe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 89,362 24.25 3,685

Jingxi Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 91,970 5.51 16,691

Yongping Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 124,000 14.44 8,587

Junhe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 124,909 19.80 6,308

Jinsha Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 52,657 10.20 5,162

Shijing Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 69,674 3.48 5,321

Baiyunhu Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict not established 16.00 —

Shimen Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict not established 19.80 —

Jiahe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict 43,848 4.00 8,769

Helong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Subdistrict not established 6.00 —

Renhe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Town 127,795 74.10 1,724

Taihe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Town 208,589 155.37 1,342

Jianggao Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Town 161,343 95.71 1,685

Zhongluotan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Baiyun) Town 192,322 169.40 1,135

Dasha Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 44,641 13.10 3,407

Huangpu Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 64,255 7.38 8,706

Hongshan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 42,127 7.30 5,770

Yuzhu Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 59,529 9.11 6,534

Wenchong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 46,877 10.07 4,655

Nangang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 76,747 13.74 5,585

Changzhou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 36,478 11.50 3,172

Suidong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 45,025 13.58 3,315

Lilian Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 42,251 6.58 6,421

Luogang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 45,717 80.10 570

Xiagang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 44,528 14.54 3,062

Dongqu Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 85,235 54.00 1,578

Lianhe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 49,867 51.76 963

Yonghe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Subdistrict 55,044 34.00 1,618

Jiulong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huangpu) Town 93,265 175.10 532

Shiqiao Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Subdistrict 168,701 20.15 8,372

Zhongcun Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Subdistrict 104,598 23.41 4,468

Shibi Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Subdistrict 32,989 27.01 1,221

Dashi Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Subdistrict 116,107 19.34 6,003

Luopu Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Subdistrict 89,294 25.38 3,518

Dalong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Subdistrict 129,515 24.80 5,222

Donghuan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Subdistrict 52,965 11.00 4,815

Qiaonan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Subdistrict 72,695 17.85 4,072

Shatou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Subdistrict 35,201 18.10 1,944

Xiaoguwei Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Subdistrict 131,470 20.15 6,524

Nancun Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Town 129,076 47.00 2,746

Xinzao Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Town 27,248 14.12 1,929

Hualong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Town 53,142 55.70 954

Shilou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Town 90,381 126.50 714

Shiqi Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Town 97,434 71.26 1,367

Shawan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Panyu) Town 88,695 37.45 2,368

Xinhua Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huadu) Subdistrict 381,311 29.81 6,764

Huacheng Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huadu) Subdistrict not established 26.56 —

Xinya Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huadu) Subdistrict 20,520 32.98 235

Xiuquan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huadu) Subdistrict not established 54.19 —

Timian Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huadu) Town 9,516 91.20 104

Huashan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huadu) Town 99,262 116.40 852

Tanbu Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huadu) Town 55,797 113.33 492

Chini Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huadu) Town 56,609 160.03 353

Shiling Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huadu) Town 203,254 136.31 1,491

Huadong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Huadu) Town 118,736 208.44 569

Nansha Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Nansha) Subdistrict 112,151 57.80 1,940

Zhujiang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Nansha) Subdistrict 28,575 41.50 688

Longxue Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Nansha) Subdistrict not established 128.90 —

Wanqingsha Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Nansha) Town 44,891 319.20 100

Huangge Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Nansha) Town 43,791 76.50 572

Hengli Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Nansha) Town 30,492 54.00 564

Dongchong Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Nansha) Town 147,228 92.00 1,600

Dagang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Nansha) Town 125,011 90.07 1,387

Lanhe Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Nansha) Town 73,078 74.48 981

Jiekou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Conghua) Subdistrict 96,846 21.84 4,434

Chengjiao Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Conghua) Subdistrict 79,085 160.00 494

Jiangbu Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Conghua) Subdistrict 95,843 127.00 754

Wenquan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Conghua) Town 55,194 210.90 261

Liangkou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Conghua) Town 32,829 530.60 61

Lütian Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Conghua) Town 23,430 393.00 59

Taiping Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Conghua) Town 94,369 210.32 448

Aotou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Conghua) Town 111,308 410.00 271

Licheng Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Zengcheng) Subdistrict 191,777 132.27 1,449

Zengjiang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Zengcheng) Subdistrict 78,072 86.18 905

Zhucun Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Zengcheng) Subdistrict 43,557 93.90 463

Yongning Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Zengcheng) Subdistrict not established 104.14 —

Zhengguo Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Zengcheng) Town 40,387 236.40 170

Shitan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Zengcheng) Town 121,674 184.00 661

Xintang Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Zengcheng) Town 391,287 85.09 4,598

Zhongxin Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Zengcheng) Town 78,293 236.00 331

Paitan Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Zengcheng) Town 58,337 289.50 201

Xiaolou Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Zengcheng) Town 33,725 136.00 247

Xiancun Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Zengcheng) Town not established 56.65 —

Huangbei Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Luohu) Subdistrict 113,382 7.50 15,117

Guiyuan Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Luohu) Subdistrict 82,694 10.90 7,586

Dongmen Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Luohu) Subdistrict 90,454 2.10 43,073

Cuizhu Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Luohu) Subdistrict 110,459 3.45 32,017

Dongxiao Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Luohu) Subdistrict 100,779 3.48 28,959

Nanhu Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Luohu) Subdistrict 90,500 2.63 34,410

Sungang Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Luohu) Subdistrict 64,004 4.03 15,881

Donghu Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Luohu) Subdistrict 84,556 29.05 2,910

Liantang Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Luohu) Subdistrict 85,569 13.10 6,531

Qingshuihe Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Luohu) Subdistrict 101,024 13.62 7,417

Shatou Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Futian) Subdistrict 226,061 18.90 11,960

Nanyuan Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Futian) Subdistrict 108,398 3.00 36,132

Yuanling Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Futian) Subdistrict 88,261 3.67 24,049

Huafu Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Futian) Subdistrict 70,834 5.75 12,318

Futian Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Futian) Subdistrict 234,861 12.25 19,172

Xiangmihu Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Futian) Subdistrict 89,471 9.98 8,965

Lianhua Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Futian) Subdistrict 168,392 9.60 17,540

Meilin Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Futian) Subdistrict 168,506 34.30 4,912

Huaqiangbei Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Futian) Subdistrict 54,067 2.90 18,643

Fubao Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Futian) Subdistrict 106,811 3.75 28,482

Nantou Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Nanshan) Subdistrict 163,237 16.80 9,716

Nanshan Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Nanshan) Subdistrict 152,312 23.90 6,372

Shahe Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Nanshan) Subdistrict 121,350 22.32 5,436

Xili Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Nanshan) Subdistrict 187,832 49.16 3,820

Shekou Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Nanshan) Subdistrict 87,304 12.29 7,103

Zhaoshang Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Nanshan) Subdistrict 79,650 18.36 4,338

Yuehai Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Nanshan) Subdistrict 157,807 14.40 10,958

Taoyuan Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Nanshan) Subdistrict 138,853 40.00 3,471

Xin'an Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Bao'an) Subdistrict 410,056 30.90 13,270

Xixiang Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Bao'an) Subdistrict 580,736 106.00 5,478

Songgang Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Bao'an) Subdistrict 398,153 64.00 6,221

Shajing Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Bao'an) Subdistrict 529,041 60.00 8,817

Fuyong Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Bao'an) Subdistrict 472,792 66.20 7,141

Shiyan Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Bao'an) Subdistrict 248,139 64.60 3,841

Guangming Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Guangming) Subdistrict 66,549 55.80 1,192

Gongming Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Guangming) Subdistrict 414,358 100.30 4,131

Longhua Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 367,521 24.80 14,819

Minzhi Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 281,652 30.69 9,177

Dalang Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 277,689 37.20 7,464

Guanlan Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 452,598 34.60 13,080

Longcheng Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 260,696 77.68 3,356

Longgang Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 215,273 64.84 3,320

Henggang Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 94,801 40.40 2,346

Buji Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 359,770 30.58 11,764

Bantian Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 221,767 28.51 7,778

Nanwan Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 197,431 24.68 7,999

Pinghu Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 228,217 41.80 5,459

Pingdi Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Longhua) Subdistrict 94,765 53.14 1,783

Pingshan Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Pingshan) Subdistrict 205,999 127.22 1,619

Kengzi Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Pingshan) Subdistrict 94,801 40.40 2,346

Dapeng Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Dapeng) Subdistrict 46,867 82.81 565

Kuichong Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Dapeng) Subdistrict 61,105 103.90 588

Nan'ao Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Dapeng) Subdistrict 18,588 115.06 161

Haishan Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Yantian) Subdistrict 61,858 5.52 11,206

Yantian Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Yantian) Subdistrict 80,641 17.8 4,530

Meisha Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Yantian) Subdistrict 18,063 16.83 1,073

Shatoujiao Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(Yantian) Subdistrict 48,798 6.91 7,061

Central and Western Hong Kong District 251,519 12.4 20,102

Eastern Hong Kong District 588,094 18.5 31,664

Southern Hong Kong District 278,655 38.8 7,083

Wan Chai Hong Kong District 152,608 9.8 15,788

Sham Shui Po Hong Kong District 380,855 9.3 39,095

Kowloon
Kowloon
City Hong Kong District 377,351 10.0 36,178

Kwun Tong Hong Kong District 622,152 11.2 52,123

Wong Tai Sin Hong Kong District 420,183 9.3 45,540

Yau Tsim Mong Hong Kong District 307,878 6.9 40,136

Kwai Tsing Hong Kong District 511,167 23.3 22,421

North Hong Kong District 304,134 136.6 2,055

Sai Kung Hong Kong District 436,627 129.6 3,135

Sha Tin Hong Kong District 630,273 68.7 8,842

Tai Po Hong Kong District 296,853 136.1 2,156

Tsuen Wan Hong Kong District 304,637 61.7 4,679

Tuen Mun Hong Kong District 487,546 82.8 6,057

Yuen Long Hong Kong District 578,529 138.4 3,858

Islands Hong Kong District 141,327 175.1 783

Nossa Senhora de Fátima Macau Freguesia 211,800 3.2 66,187

Santo António Macau Freguesia 120,600 1.1 109,636

São Lázaro Macau Freguesia 31,900 0.6 53,166

Sé Macau Freguesia 46,100 3.4 13,558

São Lourenço Macau Freguesia 47,200 1.0 47,200

Nossa Senhora do Carmo Macau Freguesia 78,000 7.6 10,263

São Francisco Xavier Macau Freguesia 4,000 7.6 526

Cotai Macau Freguesia n/a 5.8 n/a

Guancheng Dongguan Subdistrict 162,116 13.5 12,008

Dongcheng Dongguan Subdistrict 492,875 110.0 4,480

Nancheng Dongguan Subdistrict 289,255 59.0 4,902.62

Wanjiang Dongguan Subdistrict 244,765 50.5 4,846

Shilong Dongguan Town 141,850 11.3 12,553

Gaobu Dongguan Town 217,436 30.0 7,247

Zhongtang Dongguan Town 139,563 60.0 2,326

Machong Dongguan Town 118,062 74.0 1,595

Wangniudun Dongguan Town 84,786 31.5 2,685

Hongmei Dongguan Town 58,114 33.0 1,761

Shijie Dongguan Town 246,960 36.0 6,860

Daojiao Dongguan Town 143,107 63.0 2,271

Shatian Dongguan Town 177,482 107.0 1,658

Houjie Dongguan Town 438,283 126.0 3,478

Humen Dongguan Town 638,657 178.5 3,577

Chang'an Dongguan Town 664,230 97.8 6,791

Dalingshan Dongguan Town 279,414 110.0 2,540

Dalang Dongguan Town 310,889 118.0 2,634

Huangjiang Dongguan Town 231,399 98.0 2,361

Liaobu Dongguan Town 418,578 87.5 4,783

Fenggang Dongguan Town 318,971 82.5 3,866

Tangxia Dongguan Town 482,067 128.0 3,766

Qingxi Dongguan Town 312,639 143.0 2,186

Zhangmutou Dongguan Town 132,816 118.8 1,117

Xiegang Dongguan Town 99,387 103.0 964

Changping Dongguan Town 386,378 108.0 3,577

Qiaotou Dongguan Town 166,774 56.0 2,978

Qishi Dongguan Town 121,693 51.0 2,386

Hengli Dongguan Town 204,830 50.0 4,096

Dongkeng Dongguan Town 138,819 27.5 5,047

Chashan Dongguan Town 156,522 51.0 3,069

Shipai Dongguan Town 160,202 56.0 2,860

Zumiao Foshan
Foshan
(Chancheng) Subdistrict 416,800 31.60 13,189

Shiwanzhen Foshan
Foshan
(Chancheng) Subdistrict 286,226 26.62 10,752

Zhangcha Foshan
Foshan
(Chancheng) Subdistrict 241,149 26.50 9,099

Nanzhuang Foshan
Foshan
(Chancheng) Town 156,902 76.70 2,045

Guicheng Foshan
Foshan
(Nanhai) Subdistrict 542,775 84.16 6,449

Lishui Foshan
Foshan
(Nanhai) Town 273,914 75.38 3,633

Jiujiang Foshan
Foshan
(Nanhai) Town 170,179 94.75 1,796

Danzao Foshan
Foshan
(Nanhai) Town 154,955 143.50 1,079

Dali Foshan
Foshan
(Nanhai) Town 614,837 95.90 6,411

Shishan Foshan
Foshan
(Nanhai) Town 610,514 330.60 1,846

Xiqiao Foshan
Foshan
(Nanhai) Town 221,670 176.63 1,254

Daliang Foshan
Foshan
(Shunde) Subdistrict 404,309 80.19 5,041

Ronggui Foshan
Foshan
(Shunde) Subdistrict 449,687 80.17 5,609

Leliu Foshan
Foshan
(Shunde) Subdistrict 252,364 90.84 2,778

Lunjiao Foshan
Foshan
(Shunde) Subdistrict 184,479 59.21 3,115

Beijiao Foshan
Foshan
(Shunde) Town 270,310 92.41 2,925

Lecong Foshan
Foshan
(Shunde) Town 259,795 77.55 3350

Jun'an Foshan
Foshan
(Shunde) Town 141,736 79.36 1,785

Xingtan Foshan
Foshan
(Shunde) Town 144,537 122.07 1184

Chencun Foshan
Foshan
(Shunde) Town 135,686 50.92 2,664

Longjiang Foshan
Foshan
(Shunde) Town 221,881 73.78 3,007

Xinan Foshan
Foshan
(Sanshui) Subdistrict 283,819 178.00 1,594

Yundonghai Foshan
Foshan
(Sanshui) Subdistrict 29,953 56.00 534

Lubao Foshan
Foshan
(Sanshui) Town 40,626 105.00 386

Datang Foshan
Foshan
(Sanshui) Town 46,704 98.23 475

Leping Foshan
Foshan
(Sanshui) Town 134,508 198.50 677

Baini Foshan
Foshan
(Sanshui) Town 64,425 66.46 969

Nanshan Foshan
Foshan
(Sanshui) Town 22,610 115.62 195

Hecheng Foshan
Foshan
(Gaoming) Subdistrict 278,454 178.58 1,559

Yanghe Foshan
Foshan
(Gaoming) Town 53,224 246.27 216

Genghe Foshan
Foshan
(Gaoming) Town 46,528 365.00 127

Mingcheng Foshan
Foshan
(Gaoming) Town 41,838 186.50 224

Meihua Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Subdistrict 91,172 9.80 9,303

Gongbei Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Subdistrict 105,130 10.00 10,513

Jida Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Subdistrict 81,088 11.70 6,930

Cuixiang Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Subdistrict 106,661 28.00 3,809

Shishan Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Subdistrict 56,956 8.20 6,945

Xiangwan Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Subdistrict 48,482 32.40 1,496

Qianshan Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Subdistrict 184,738 53.00 3,485

Wanzi Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Subdistrict 26,645 30.50 873

Nanping Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Town 70,934 60.70 1,168

Tangjiawan Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Town 109,152 130.00 839

Hengqin Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Town 6,914 476.00 14

Guishan Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Town 1,745 18.00 96

Dan'gan Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Town 1,860 40.00 46

Wanshan Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Xiangzhou) Town 1,208 23.00 52

Baiteng Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Doumen) Subdistrict not established 17.00 —

Jing'an Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Doumen) Town 172,732 142.00 1,086

Baijiao Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Doumen) Town 104,568 184.00 568

Ganwu Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Doumen) Town 57,352 190.60 300

Doumen Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Doumen) Town 46,549 105.77 440

Lianzhou Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Doumen) Town 34,681 88.60 391

Sanzao Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Jinwan) Town 82,221 96.00 856

Hongqi Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Jinwan) Town 67,631 150.00 450

Pingsha Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Jinwan) Town 67,149 197.00 340

Nanshui Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(Jinwan) Town 36,962 100.00 369

Shiqi Zhongshan Subdistrict 206,362 22.5 9,171

Dongqu Zhongshan Subdistrict 153,477 73.1 2,099

Nanqu Zhongshan Subdistrict 64,548 25.1 2,571

Xiqu Zhongshan Subdistrict 97,864 49.1 1,993

THIDZ (Zhongshangang) Zhongshan Subdistrict 229,997 158.7 1,449

Wuguishan Zhongshan Subdistrict 48,019 101.2 474

Huangpu Zhongshan Town 145,017 88.3 1,642

Nantou Zhongshan Town 130,712 25.7 5,086

Dongfeng Zhongshan Town 123,562 56.2 2,198

Fusha Zhongshan Town 57,570 35.4 1,626

Xiaolan Zhongshan Town 315,626 71.9 4,389

Dongsheng Zhongshan Town 118,052 76.7 1,539

Guzhen Zhongshan Town 147,440 52.2 2,824

Henglan Zhongshan Town 103,135 75.7 1,362

Sanjiao Zhongshan Town 121,770 70.1 1,737

Minzhong Zhongshan Town 108,417 121.8 890

Nanlang Zhongshan Town 107,977 152.4 708

Gangkou Zhongshan Town 113,748 71.2 1,597

Dachong Zhongshan Town 74,276 40.6 1,829

Shenwan Zhongshan Town 31,392 52.4 599

Sanxiang Zhongshan Town 200,197 93.6 2,138

Banfu Zhongshan Town 82,412 79.6 1,035

Shaxi Zhongshan Town 119,372 60.9 1,960

Tanzhou Zhongshan Town 219,943 129.5 1,698

Pengjiang Jiangmen District 719,120 320.5 2,233

Jianghai Jiangmen District 254,365 110.5 2,329

Xinhui Jiangmen District 849,155 1,387.0 626

Taishan Jiangmen County-level city 941,087 3,285.9 286

Kaiping Jiangmen County-level city 697,395 1,658.5 422

Heshan Jiangmen County-level city 494,935 1,081.3 457

Enping Jiangmen County-level city 492,814 1,696.7 290

Huicheng Huizhou District 1,579,691 1488.4 1,061

Huiyang Huizhou District 764,816 1,205.4 634

Boluo Huizhou County 1,038,198 2,855.1 363

Huidong Huizhou County 907,229 3,526.7 257

Longmen Huizhou County 307,068 2,267.2 135

Duanzhou Zhaoqing District 479,344 153.9 3,112

Dinghu Zhaoqing District 164,701 552.3 298

Gaoyao Zhaoqing County-level city 753,357 2,185.6 344

Guangning Zhaoqing County 424,128 2,455.4 172

Huaiji Zhaoqing County 814,172 3,554.0 228

Fengkai Zhaoqing County 398,304 2,723.9 146

Deqing Zhaoqing County 341,197 2,002.8 170

Sihui Zhaoqing County-level city 542,882 1,262.9 429

Pearl River mega-city[edit] A 2011 article in British newspaper The Telegraph reported on a "Turn The Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
Into One" project. The stated goal was to "mesh the transport, energy, water and telecommunications networks of the nine cities together."[17] ( Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
were not included.) However, the Chinese government denied that such a project existed.[18] Pollution[edit]

Removal of floating trash from the surface of the Pearl River in Guangzhou

The Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
is notoriously polluted,[citation needed] with sewage and industrial waste treatment facilities failing to keep pace with the growth in population and industry in the area. A large portion of the pollution is brought about by factories run by Hong Kong manufacturers in the area. Much of the area is frequently covered with a brown smog. This has a strong effect on the pollution levels in the delta.[citation needed] Pollution is a great risk to the Chinese white dolphins that inhabit the area. On March 22, 2007 the World Bank
World Bank
approved a $96 million loan to the PRC government to reduce water pollution in the Pearl River Delta.[19] On December 23, 2008 it was announced that ¥48.6 billion (about $7.1 billion) will be spent on the river by mid-2010 to clean up the river's sewage problems quoted by Zhang Hu, the director of Guangzhou municipal bureau of water affairs. The city will build about 30 water treatment plants, which will treat 2.25 million tonnes of water per day. The program hopes to cut down the amount of sewage in the area by 85%, and was also of fundamental importance for the 2010 Asian Games held in Guangzhou
Guangzhou
from November 12, 2010 to November 27, 2010.[20] In October 2009, Greenpeace East Asia
Greenpeace East Asia
released a report, "Poisoning the Pearl River" that detailed the results of a study it conducted in which 25 samples were collected from five manufacturing facilities in the Greater Pearl River Delta. The study concluded that all the facilities sampled were discharging waste-water containing chemicals with proven or suspected hazardous properties including beryllium, copper, manganese, and heavy metals, as well as high levels of organic chemicals.[21] These substances are associated with a long list of health problems such as cancer, endocrine disruption, renal failure and damage to the nervous system as well being known to harm the environment. Three of the five facilities sampled ( Qingyuan
Qingyuan
Top Dragon Co. Ltd, Wing Fung P.C. Board Co. Ltd. and Techwise Qingyuan
Qingyuan
Circuit Co. Ltd. ) contained concentrations of chemicals which exceeded the limits set by Guangdong
Guangdong
provincial effluent standards. These companies were then subjected to a Clean Production Audit according to Article 28 of China's Cleaner Production Promotion Law.[22] Guangdong Environmental Protection Bureau took a stance against the companies by blacklisting them. See also[edit]

China
China
portal Guangdong
Guangdong
portal Hong Kong
Hong Kong
portal Macau
Macau
portal

Pearl River Bocca Tigris Metropolitan regions of China Yangtze River Delta Yellow River Delta and Bohai Sea National Central City Huangpu Bridge Humen Pearl River Bridge Hong Kong-Zhuhai- Macau
Macau
Bridge Shenzhen- Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Bridge

References[edit]

^ "广东男性比女性多了500万 人口总量增长放缓_新浪广东城事_新浪广东".  ^ World Bank
World Bank
Report Provides New Data to Help Ensure Urban Growth Benefits the Poor, The World Bank
World Bank
Group, 26 Jan 2015 ^ http://en.ndrc.gov.cn/newsrelease/201612/P020161207645765233498.pdf ^ english.gov.cn ^ info.gov.hk ^ Atlas of China, page 123. SinoMaps Press, 2007. ^ Vidal, John (March 22, 2010). "UN report: World's biggest cities merging into 'mega-regions'". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-05-13.  ^ "Labor shortage to affect Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
hardest".  ^ "A Stronger Pearl River Delta" (PDF).  ^ "Achievements, challenges in China's Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
plan".  ^ "Economic Backdrop of the PRD" (PDF).  ^ "Introducing the Pearl River Delta".  ^ a b China's low costs are on the rise dallasnews.com 2008-08-19 Retrieved 2010-01-09 ^ Can China
China
keep its workers happy as strikes and protests rise?, Mukul Devichand, BBC Radio 4, Crossing Continents, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-16161764, 15 December 2011 ^ Rahul Jacob, 30 November 2011, Talk
Talk
is cheap in the world’s factory, http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/3fe09222-19cf-11e1-9888-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2p3wRsHjJ ^ "How Hong Kong's poorer workers can gain from Greater Bay Area". South China
China
Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-03-30.  ^ China
China
to create largest mega city in the world with 42 million people telegraph.co.uk 2011-01-29 Retrieved 2011-01-29 ^ Guandong denies ambitious megacity plan CCTV News English 2011-01-30 ^ World Bank
World Bank
loans China
China
$96 mln for delta environment Reuters alertnet.org 2007-03-22 Retrieved 2010-01-09 ^ Guangzhou
Guangzhou
contributes 48.6 bln yuan to clean up Pearl River xinhuanet.com 2008-12-24 Retrieved 2010-01-09 ^ "Greenpeace welcomes Guangdong's move to blacklist 20 polluting companies".  ^ "Poisoning the Pearl River: 2nd Edition". 

Further reading[edit]

Ma, Xiangming (S: 马向明, T: 馬向明, P: Mǎ Xiàngmíng). The integration of the city-region of the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
(S: 珠江三角洲城市区域的一体化, T: 珠江三角洲城市區域的一體化, P: Zhūjiāngsānjiǎozhōu Chéngshìqūyù de Yītǐhuà). Asia Pacific Viewpoint. Special Issue: China's Changing Regional Development: Trends, Strategies and Challenges in the 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015) Period, Guest editor: Peter T.Y. Cheung. Volume 53, Issue 1, pages 97–104, April 2012. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8373.2012.01478.x. First published online on 4 April 2012. Full document in English, with abstracts in English and Mandarin Chinese.

HTML Article, PDF Article

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pearl River Delta.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Pearl River Delta.

Economic profile for the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
at HKTDC Images from Scientific Visualisation Studio at NASA Key Cities of the Pearl River Delta Introducing the Pearl River Delta

v t e

Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
Metropolitan Region (Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area)

Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
Economic Zone

Guangdong
Guangdong
Province

Guangzhou

Panyu Huadu Nansha Zengcheng Conghua

Shenzhen

Bao'an

Zhuhai

Hengqin

Dongguan Zhongshan

Cuiheng

Foshan Jiangmen

Enping Taishan Kaiping Heshan

Huizhou Zhaoqing

Sihui Gaoyao

Special
Special
administrative regions

 Hong Kong

New Territories Kowloon Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island

 Macau

Macau
Macau
Peninsula Taipa Coloane Cotai

v t e

Public transportation in Western Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area (GD · MO)

Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Tram

Lines in operation

T1

Under construction

T1 (Phase II) T2

Under planning

T3

Macau
Macau
LRT

Under construction

Macau– Taipa
Taipa
Line (Phase I)

Under planning

Macau– Taipa
Taipa
Line (Phase II) Seac Pai Van and Coloane
Coloane
Line Hengqin
Hengqin
Branch Line Hong Kong–Zhuhai– Macau
Macau
Bridge Line

CR Pearl River Delta intercity railways

Lines in operation

 Guangzhu  (R1)

Under construction

 Zhuji  (R2)  Guangfo Pearl River  (R3)

Other CR railways

Passageways

 Coastal   Jingha∼Jinggang'ao 

Major railways

 Guangzhu 

Other urban transits

Lines in operation

Cable Guia Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Bus Rapid Transit

Transportation hubs

Int'l airports

Macau
Macau
(MFM) Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Jinwan (ZUH)

Railway stations

Xiaolan
Xiaolan
(EAQ) Zhongshan
Zhongshan
(ZSQ) Zhongshanbei (ZGQ) Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(ZHQ) Zhuhaibei (ZIQ) Jiangmen
Jiangmen
(JWQ)

Ferry

Outer Harbour Taipa
Taipa
Pak On Inner Harbour Kai Ho Jiuzhou Port Xiangzhou Port

China
China
transit: JJJ

BJ TJ HE

YRD

SH South JS North ZJ

PRD

West GD/MO Central GD East GD/HK

Chengyu

CQ SC

HB HA FJ Northeast (LN · JL · HL)

v t e

Public transportation in Central Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area (GD)

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Metro

Lines in operation

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   13   14   Guangfo 

Under construction

 7  (Phase II)  8  (Phase North)  11   14  (Phase I Mainline)  18   21   22   Guangfo  (East)

Under planning

 3  (East)  5  (East)  6  (Branch)  10   12   13  (Phase II)  14  (Phase II)  15   16   17   19   20   23 

Foshan
Foshan
Metro

Lines in operation

 1  Guangfo 

Under construction

 2   3   Nanhai 

Under planning

 4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11 

CR Pearl River Delta intercity railways

Lines in operation

 Guangzhu   Guangfozhao 

Under construction

 Foguan   Suiguanshen   Guangqing   Guangfo Circular 

Other CR railways

Passageways

 Jingha~Jinggang'ao   Lanxiguang   Guangkun 

Major railways

 Jingguang   Guangshen 

Other urban transits

Lines in operation

 APM  Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Trams

 THZ1 

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Bus Rapid Transit Baiyun Cableway Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Ferry

Under construction

Foshan
Foshan
Trams

Transportation hubs

Int'l airports

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Baiyun (CAN) Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
(U/C) Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Zhenguo (U/C) Foshan
Foshan
Shadi (FUO)

Railway stations

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(GZQ) Guangzhoudong (GGQ) Guangzhounan (IZQ) Guangzhoubei (GBQ) Qingsheng (QSQ) Foshan
Foshan
(FSQ) Foshanxi (FOQ) Shunde (ORQ) Zhaoqing
Zhaoqing
(ZVQ) Qingyuan
Qingyuan
(QBQ)

China
China
transit: JJJ

BJ TJ HE

YRD

SH South JS North ZJ

PRD

West GD/MO Central GD East GD/HK

Chengyu

CQ SC

HB HA FJ Northeast (LN · JL · HL)

v t e

Public transportation in Eastern Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area (GD · HK)

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Metro

Lines in operation

 1   2   3   4   5   7   9   11 

Under construction

 2  (Phase III)  3  (Phase III)  4  (Phase III)  5  (Phase II)  6   8   9  (Phase II)  10   12   13   20 

Under planning

 14   15   16   17   18   19 

Dongguan
Dongguan
Rail Transit

Lines in operation

 2 

Under construction

 2  (Phase III)

Under planning

 1   3   4 

MTR

Lines in operation

 Airport   Disneyland Resort   East Rail   Island   Kwun Tong   Ma On Shan   South Island   Tseung Kwan O   Tsuen Wan   Tung Chung   West Rail 

Under construction

 East West   North South 

Under Planning

 West Rail  (Extension)  Northern Link   Tung Chung  (Extension)  South Island  (West)  Tseung Kwan O  (Extension)  East Kowloon 

CR Pearl River Delta intercity railways

Lines in operation

 Guanhui 

Under construction

 Foguan   Suiguanshen 

Other CR railways

Passageways

 Coastal   Jingha~Jinggang'ao   Jinggangtai 

Major railways

 Jingjiu   Guangshen 

Other urban transits

Lines in operation

 Light Rail  Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Tram Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Tramways Happy Line Window of the World
Window of the World
Monorail Peak Tram Hong Kong
Hong Kong
International Airport APM  Ngong Ping 360 

Transportation hubs

Int'l airports

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Chek Lap Kok (HKG) Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Bao'an (SZX)

Railway stations

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(SZQ) Shenzhenbei (IOQ) Shenzhendong (BJQ) Shenzhenxi (OSQ) Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Pingshan (IFQ) Futian (NZQ) Guangmingcheng (IMQ) Hung Hom/ Kowloon
Kowloon
(HUH) Hong Kong
Hong Kong
West Kowloon
Kowloon
(U/C) Changping (DAQ) Dongguandong (DMQ) Humen (IUQ) Huizhou
Huizhou
(HCQ) Huizhounan (KNQ)

Ferry

Central Ferry Piers Macau
Macau
Ferry Terminal China
China
Ferry Terminal Tuen Mun Ferry Pier Skypier Kai Tak Cruise Terminal Shekou Passenger Terminal Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Prince Bay (Shekou)

China
China
transit: JJJ

BJ TJ HE

YRD

SH South JS North ZJ

PRD

West GD/MO Central GD East GD/HK

Chengyu

CQ SC

HB HA FJ Northeast (LN · JL · HL)

v t e

Guangdong
Guangdong
topics

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Metropolitan areas

Chaoshan Pearl River Delta

Sanyi
Sanyi
(Sam Yup) Sze Yup
Sze Yup
(Siyi) Leizhou
Leizhou
Peninsula Regions

Pearl River Delta Yuexi Yuebei Yuedong

Pearl River (China) East River West River Nanling Mountains Pratas Islands Shamian Island

Education

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Education Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Education Shenzhen
Shenzhen
University Huizhou
Huizhou
University Guangdong
Guangdong
Institute of Education Guangzhou
Guangzhou
University

Culture

Lingnan culture Cantonese
Cantonese
people Cantonese
Cantonese
language Taishanese language Hailufeng dialect Lingnan architecture Tong lau Lingnan garden Cantonese
Cantonese
embroidery Teochew woodcarving Lingnan penjing Canton porcelain Lingnan school of painting Music Cantonese
Cantonese
opera Nam Hoi Chiu Nam yum Cantonese
Cantonese
music Gou Wu Cantonese
Cantonese
poetry Yum cha Hung Ga Wing Chun Lingnan Confucianism Flowermarket Cantonese
Cantonese
lion dance Wong Tai Sin Hung Shing Cantonese
Cantonese
merchants Red cotton flower Cantonese
Cantonese
folktales The Legend of Five Goats Villain hitting Hakka people Teochew people

Cuisine

Cantonese
Cantonese
cuisine White boiled shrimp Chinese steamed eggs Beef chow fun Chow mein Char siu Roasted suckling pig Bird's nest soup Seafood birdsnest Cantonese
Cantonese
fried rice Dim sum Leung cha Tong sui Hakka cuisine Teochew cuisine

Visitor attractions

Danxia Mountain Seven Star Crags Dinghu Mountain Xinfengjiang Reservoir Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Park Guangdong
Guangdong
Provincial Museum Humen Pearl River Bridge Zhenhai Tower Guangji Bridge Canton Tower Chime-Long Paradise New South China
China
Mall Kaiping
Kaiping
Diaolou Nanhua Temple Happy Valley Shenzhen Chung Ying Street Window of the World Minsk World Baiyun Mountain Foshan
Foshan
Ancestral Temple Dapeng Fortress Nanfeng Kiln Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
Memorial Hall Sacred Heart Cathedral Chen Clan Ancestral Hall Huaisheng Mosque Temple of the Six Banyan Trees Museum of the Mausoleum of the Nanyue King Temple of Madam Xian

Category Commons

v t e

Metropolitan cities of China

Major Metropolitan regions

Jingjinji
Jingjinji
(JJJ) Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
(PRD) / Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area Yangtze River Delta
Yangtze River Delta
(YRD)

Central Plain (Zhongyuan) Chengyu Cross-Strait Western Coast Guanzhong Mid-Southern Liaoning Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula Yangtze River Mid-Reaches (Yangtze River Valley)

Major Cities

National Central Cities

Beijinga Chongqinga Guangzhoub2 Shanghaia2 Tianjina2

Special
Special
Administrative Regions

Hong Kong Macau

Regional Central Cities

Chengdub Nanjingb Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb

Sub-provincial cities

Changchunb Chengdub Dalianc2 Guangzhoub2 Hangzhoub Harbinb Jinanb Nanjingb Ningboc2 Qingdaoc2 Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb Xiamenc1

Provincial capitals (Prefecture-level)

Changsha Fuzhou2 Guiyang Haikou Hefei Kunming Lanzhou Nanchang Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Xining Zhengzhou Taibei5

Autonomous regional capitals

Hohhot Lhasa Nanning Ürümqi Yinchuan

Comparatively large cities

Anshan Baotou Benxi Datong Fushun Handan Huainan Jilin Luoyang Suzhou Tangshan Qiqihar Wuxi Xuzhou Zibo

Prefecture-level cities
Prefecture-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Shijiazhuang* Tangshan* Qinhuangdao2 Handan* Xingtai Baoding Zhangjiakou Chengde Cangzhou Langfang Hengshui

Shanxi

Taiyuan* Datong* Yangquan Changzhi Jincheng Shuozhou Jinzhong Yuncheng Xinzhou Linfen Lüliang

Inner Mongolia

Hohhot* Baotou* Wuhai Chifeng Tongliao Ordos Hulunbuir Bayannur Ulanqab

Liaoning

Shenyang* Dalian* Anshan* Fushun* Benxi* Dandong Jinzhou Yingkou Fuxin Liaoyang Panjin Tieling Chaoyang Huludao

Jilin

Changchun* Jilin Siping Liaoyuan Tonghua Baishan Songyuan Baicheng

Heilongjiang

Harbin* Qiqihar* Jixi Hegang Shuangyashan Daqing Yīchun Jiamusi Qitaihe Mudanjiang Heihe Suihua

Jiangsu

Nanjing* Wuxi* Xuzhou* Changzhou Suzhou* Nantong Lianyungang2 Huai'an Yancheng Yangzhou Zhenjiang Tàizhou Suqian

Zhejiang

Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui

Anhui

Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng

Fujian

Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde

Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

Shandong

Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

Henan

Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China Sea
South China Sea
and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan
Taiwan
no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

v t e

Major regions and cities of China

National megalopolises

Jingjinji (Inner) Bohai Economic Rim

Beijing

Beijing

Changping Daxing Fangshan Mentougou Shunyi Tongzhou

Tianjin

Tianjin

Binhai Dongli Jinnan Wuqing

Hebei

Baoding

Xiong'an

Cangzhou Chengde Langfang Shijiazhuang Tangshan

Caofeidian Qian'an

Zhangjiakou

Yangtze River Delta (Economic Zone)

Jiangsu

Changzhou Lianyungang Nanjing Nantong Suzhou Taizhou Wuxi Yangzhou Zhenjiang

Shanghai

Shanghai

Baoshan Jiading Minhang Pudong Qingpu Songjiang

Zhejiang

Hangzhou Huzhou Jiaxing Jinhua Lishui Ningbo Quzhou Shaoxing Taizhou Wenzhou Zhoushan

Anhui

Chuzhou Hefei Huainan Ma'anshan Wuhu

Pearl River Delta/ Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area (Economic Zone)

Guangdong

Dongguan Foshan Guangzhou

Huadu Nansha Panyu

Huizhou Jiangmen Shenzhen

Bao'an

Zhaoqing Zhongshan Zhuhai

Hengqin

SARs

Hong Kong

Kowloon

Macau

Cotai

West Triangle Economic Zone

Chongqing

Chongqing

Fuling Liangjiang Qianjiang Wanzhou Xinbei

Sichuan

Chengdu Dazhou Deyang Guang'an Leshan Luzhou Meishan Mianyang Nanchong Neijiang Suining Yibin Zigong Ziyang

Shaanxi

Baoji Tongchuan Weinan Xi'an Xianyang

Yangling

Harbin- Changchun
Changchun
Megalopolis (Northeastern Cities)

Heilongjiang

Harbin Daqing Mudanjiang Qiqihar

Jilin

Changchun Jilin Siping Yanji

Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River/ Yangtze River Valley (Central Triangle Economic Zone)

Hubei

Ezhou Huanggang Huangshi Qianjiang Tianmen Wuhan Xianning Xiantao Xiaogan

Hunan

Changde Changsha Hengyang Loudi Xiangtan Yiyang Yueyang Zhuzhou

Jiangxi

Fuzhou Ji'an Jingdezhen Jiujiang Nanchang Shangrao Xinyu Yichun Yingtan

Anhui

Anqing Bengbu Chizhou Chuzhou Hefei Huainan Lu'an Ma'anshan Tongling Wuhu Xuancheng

(North) Bohai Economic Rim

Liaoning

Anshan Dalian

Lüshun

Huludao Jinzhou Panjin Shenyang Yingkou

(South) Bohai Economic Rim

Shandong

Binzhou Dongying Jinan Qingdao Weifang Weihai Yantai Zibo

Regions

East

Northeast

North South Central

Central South Huizhou

Western

Northwest Southwest

Administrative divisions

By GDP By GDP per capita By Human Development Index Prefecture-level divisions County-level divisions

Cities

Direct-controlled municipality Prefecture-level city Sub-provincial city County-level city List of cities in China

by GDP per capita by population

Capitals

Historical capitals Current and former capitals

Categories: Subdivisions Regions Cities

Coordinates: 22°32′N 113°44′E / 22.533°N 113.733°E

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