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The Peace of Amasya
Amasya
(Persian: پیمان آماسیه‎ ("Qarārdād-e Amasiyeh"); Turkish: Amasya
Amasya
Antlaşması) was a treaty agreed to on May 29, 1555 between Shah Tahmasp
Shah Tahmasp
of Safavid Iran and Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Suleiman the Magnificent
of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
at the city of Amasya, following the Ottoman–Safavid War of 1532–1555. The treaty defined the border between Iran and the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and was followed by twenty years of peace. By this treaty, Armenia
Armenia
and Georgia were divided equally between the two, with Western Armenia, western Kurdistan, and western Georgia (incl. western Samtskhe) falling in Turkish hands while Eastern Armenia, eastern Kurdistan, and eastern Georgia (incl. eastern Samtskhe) stayed in Iranian hands.[1] The Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
obtained most of Iraq, including Baghdad, which gave them access to the Persian Gulf, while the Persians retained their former capital Tabriz
Tabriz
and all their other northwestern territories in the Caucasus
Caucasus
and as they were prior to the wars, such as Dagestan
Dagestan
and all of what is now Azerbaijan.[2][3][4] The frontier thus established ran across the mountains dividing eastern and western Georgia (under native vassal princes), through Armenia, and via the western slopes of the Zagros
Zagros
down to the Persian Gulf. Several buffer zones were established as well throughout Eastern Anatolia, such as in Erzurum, Shahrizor, and Van.[5] Kars
Kars
was declared neutral, and its existing fortress was destroyed.[6][7] The Ottomans, further, guaranteed access for Persian pilgrims to go to the Muslim holy cities of Mecca
Mecca
and Medina
Medina
as well as to the Shia
Shia
holy sites of pilgrimages in Iraq.[8] The decisive parting of the Caucasus
Caucasus
and the irrevocable ceding of Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
to Ottoman Turkey happened per the next major peace treaty known as the Treaty of Zuhab in 1639 CE/AD.[9] Another term of the treaty was that the Safavids were required to end the ritual cursing of the first three Rashidun
Rashidun
Caliphs,[10] Aisha
Aisha
and other Sahaba
Sahaba
(companions of Muhammad); all held in high esteem by Sunnis. This condition was a common demand of Ottoman-Safavid treaties,[11] and in this case was considered humiliating for Tahmasp.[12] References[edit]

^ Mikaberidze, Alexander (2015). Historical Dictionary of Georgia (2 ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. p. xxxi. ISBN 978-1442241466.  ^ The Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, 1520-1566, V.J. Parry, A History of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
to 1730, ed. M.A. Cook (Cambridge University Press, 1976), 94. ^ Mikaberidze, Alexander Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO, 31 jul. 2011 ISBN 1598843362 p 698 ^ A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East, Vol. II, ed. Spencer C. Tucker, (ABC-CLIO, 2010). 516. ^ Ateş, Sabri (2013). Ottoman-Iranian Borderlands: Making a Boundary, 1843–1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-1107245082.  ^ Mikaberidze, Alexander Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO, 31 jul. 2011 ISBN 1598843362 p 698 ^ Mikaberidze, Alexander (2015). Historical Dictionary of Georgia (2 ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. p. xxxi. ISBN 978-1442241466.  ^ Shaw, Stanford J. (1976), History of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and modern Turkey, Volume 1, p. 109. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-29163-1 ^ Феодальный строй, Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) ^ Andrew J Newman (11 Apr 2012). Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire. I.B.Tauris. p. 46. ISBN 9780857716613.  ^ Suraiya Faroqhi (3 Mar 2006). The Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and the World Around It (illustrated, reprint ed.). I.B.Tauris. pp. 36, 185. ISBN 9781845111229.  ^ Bengio, Ofra; Litvak, Meir, eds. (8 Nov 2011). The Sunna and Shi'a in History: Division and Ecumenism in the Muslim Middle East. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 60. ISBN 9780230370739. 

v t e

Treaties of the Ottoman Empire

Rise (1299–1453)

Gallipoli Selymbria Venetian peace treaty (1419) Szeged

Classical Age (1453–1566)

Constantinople (1454) Constantinople (1479) Constantinople (1533) Franco-Ottoman Adrianople (1547) Amasya

Transformation (1566-1703)

Adrianople (1568) Constantinople (1590) Zitvatorok Nasuh Pasha Busza Serav Khotin Zuhab Vasvár Buczacz Żurawno Bakhchisaray Karlowitz (1699) Constantinople (1700)

Old Regime (1703-1789)

Pruth Passarowitz Constantinople (1724) Ahmet Pasha Constantinople (1736) Belgrade Niš Kerden Kuçük Kaynarca Aynalıkavak

Modernization (1789–1908)

Sistova Jassy Tripoli Tunis Paris Dardanalles Bucharest Erzurum
Erzurum
(1823) Akkerman Adrianople (1829) Constantinople (1832) Hünkar İskelesi Kütahya Balta Liman London (1840) London (1841) Erzurum
Erzurum
(1847) Paris (1856) Scutari (1862) San Stefano Berlin (1878) Cyprus Constantinople (1881) Tophane Constantinople (1897)

Fall (1908–1922)

Ouchy London (1913) Constantinople (1913) Athens Anglo-Ottoman Convention Brest-Litovsk (Ukraine) Brest-Litovsk (Russia) Trebizond Erzincan Batum Mudros Sèvres

v t e

Amasya
Amasya
District

Capital: Amasya

Townships

Aydınca Doğantepe Ezinepazar Uygur Yassıçal Yeşilyenice Ziyaret

Settlements

Abacı Ağılönü Aksalur Aktaş Akyazı Alakadı Albayrak Ardıçlar Avşar Aydınlık Aydoğdu Bağlarüstü Bağlıca Bayat Beke Beldağı Boğaköy Boğazköy Böke Bulduklu Çatalçam Çavuşköy Çengelkayı Çiğdemlik Çivi Dadıköy Damudere Değirmendere Direkli Doğantepe Duruca Eliktekke Eskikızılca Fındıklı Gökdere Gözlek Halifeli Hasabdal İbecik İlgazi İlyas İpekköy Kaleboğazı Kaleköy Kapıkaya Karaali Karaçavuş Karaibrahim Karakese Karaköprü Karsan Kayabaşı Kayacık Keçili Keşlik Kızılca Kızılkışlacık Kızseki Köyceğiz Küçükkızılca Kutlu Kuzgeçe Mahmatlar Meşeliçiftliğiköyü Musaköy Ormanözü Ortaköy Ovasaray Özfındıklı Saraycık Sarayözü Sarıalan Sarıkız Sarılar Sarımeşe Sarıyar Sazköy Selimiye Sevincer Şeyhsadi Sıracevizler Tatar Toklucak Tuzluçal Tuzsuz Ümük Uygur Vermiş Yağcıabdal Yağmur Yavru Yaylacık Yeşildere Yeşilöz Yeşiltepe Yıkılgan Yıldızköy Yolyanı Yuvacık Yuvaköy Ziyaret

Landmarks

Amasya
Amasya
University Archaeological Museum of Amasya Bayezid II Mosque Burmali Minare Mosque Büyük Aga Medrese Farhad and Shirin Monument Harsene Kalesi İstasyon Bridge Seljuk Burmali Mosque Tombs of the kings of Pontus

History

Amasya
Amasya
Circular Amasya
Amasya
Protocol Amasya
Amasya
trials Central Army Peace of Amasya

Notable people

Strabo Amirdovl

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