The PEACE RIVER COUNTRY (or PEACE COUNTRY) is an aspen parkland
region centring on the
* 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Economy * 4 Infrastructure * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
In British Columbia, the area extends from Monkman Provincial Park
Tumbler Ridge in the south, to Hudson\'s Hope and the Williston
Lake in the west, to Fort St. John and Charlie Lake in the north. The
term is used also in a broader sense to mean the whole of the
Northeastern Interior past the Rockies, including Fort Nelson and
other parts of the Liard drainage , and before W.A.C. Bennett Dam
included the upper
The first European to explore the area was Sir Alexander MacKenzie , who travelled down the Peace in 1789 and eventually reached the Mackenzie River and the Arctic Ocean . In 1793 he used the same route to reach the Pacific Ocean . Subsequently, the region saw a surge in the fur trade , with forts built along the river from Fort Vermilion to Hudson's Hope.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the farming potential of the
area was advertised by the federal government, but settlement was
scarce because of difficult travel conditions through the muskeg .
With the arrival of the railway in 1916, and following the opening of
land for homesteaders in 1910, farming and ranching took off in the
fertile Peace Country. The settlement of the
The economy received another boost when oil and gas were found in the
region. In 1952, gas was struck in the Fort St. John No. 1 well, and
the first refinery was built in 1957 at Taylor . The massive Elmworth
natural gas field in northwestern
The city of
Peace Country contains Canada's northernmost lands suitable for agriculture . Crops raised include canola , oats, peas and barley. Some cattle ranching and beekeeping is also done in the area. In 2006, the region accounted for 14.4% of Canada's total bison-producing herd.
Other industries include oil and gas extraction and forestry . Lumber, oriented strand board , and pulp are produced in many forestry mills throughout the region.
Peace Country is crossed by the southern leg of the
Alaska Highway ,
the western extremity of