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The Info List - Pay-per-view


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Pay-per-view (PPV) is a type of pay television service by which a subscriber of a television service provider can purchase events to view via private telecast. The broadcaster shows the event at the same time to everyone ordering it (as opposed to video-on-demand systems, which allow viewers to see recorded broadcasts at any time). Events can be purchased using an on-screen guide, an automated telephone system, or through a live customer service representative. Events often include feature films, sporting events, and other entertainment programs. With the rise of the Internet, the term Internet pay-per-view (iPPV) has been used to describe pay-per-view services accessed online. PPV is most commonly used to distribute combat sports events, such as boxing, mixed martial arts, and sports entertainment such as professional wrestling.

Contents

1 North America

1.1 United States

1.1.1 HBO
HBO
PPV 1.1.2 Boxing 1.1.3 UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship) 1.1.4 Professional wrestling 1.1.5 Other events

1.2 Canada

2 South America

2.1 Argentina 2.2 Brazil 2.3 Chile 2.4 Paraguay 2.5 Uruguay

3 Europe

3.1 Romania 3.2 Albania 3.3 United Kingdom and Ireland 3.4 France 3.5 Croatia

4 Australia and the Pacific Islands 5 Asia

5.1 Malaysia 5.2 Japan 5.3 India

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

North America[edit] United States[edit] The Zenith Phonevision
Phonevision
system became the first pay-per-view system to be tested in the United States. Developed in 1951, it used telephone lines to take and receive orders, as well as to descramble a television broadcast signal. The field tests conducted for Phonevision lasted for 90 days and were tested in Chicago, Illinois. The system used IBM
IBM
punch cards to descramble a signal broadcast during the broadcast station's "off-time". Both systems showed promise, but the Federal Communications Commission
Federal Communications Commission
denied them the permits to operate.[1] One of the earliest pay-per-view systems on cable television, the Optical Systems-developed Channel 100, first began service in 1972 in San Diego, California
California
through Mission Cable[2] (which was later acquired by Cox Communications) and TheaterVisioN, which operated out of Sarasota, Florida. These early systems quickly went out of business, as the cable industry adopted satellite technology and as flat-rate pay television services such as Home Box Office (HBO) became popular. Boxing
Boxing
was first introduced to pay-per-view with the "Thrilla in Manila" fight between Muhammad Ali
Muhammad Ali
and Joe Frazier
Joe Frazier
in September 1975 (which was also transmitted through HBO); there was also another major title fight aired on pay-per-view in 1980, when Roberto Durán defeated Sugar Ray Leonard. Cable companies offered the match for $10, and about 155,000 customers paid to watch the fight.[3][4] A major pay-per-view event[citation needed] occurred on September 16, 1981, when Sugar Ray Leonard
Sugar Ray Leonard
fought Thomas "Hitman" Hearns for the World Welterweight Championship. Viacom Cablevision in Nashville, Tennessee
Tennessee
– the first system to offer the event – saw over 50 percent of its subscriber base purchase the fight.[citation needed] Leonard visited Nashville
Nashville
to promote the fight, and the event proved such a success that Viacom themed its annual report for that year around it.[citation needed] Viacom marketing director Pat Thompson put together the fight, and subsequently put together additional PPV fights, wrestling matches, and even a televised Broadway play.[citation needed] After leaving Viacom, Thompson became head of Sports View and produced the first pay-per-view football game on October 16, 1983, a college football game between the University of Tennessee
Tennessee
and the University of Alabama
Alabama
from Birmingham, Alabama.[citation needed] Sports View played a role in building pay-per-view networks,[citation needed] and became the early pioneer in developing TigerVision for Louisiana State University, TideVision for Alabama
Alabama
and UT Vol Seat for Tennessee. Sports View also produced the Ohio State-Michigan football game for pay-per-view in November 1983. In 1985, the first pay-per-view cable channels in the United States – Viewer's Choice (now In Demand), Cable Video Store, First Choice and Request TV
Request TV
– began operation within days of each other.[citation needed] Viewer's Choice serviced both home satellite dish and cable customers, while Request TV, though broadcasting to cable viewers, would not become available to satellite subscribers until the 1990s.[citation needed] First Choice PPV was available on Rogers Cablesystems in the United States and Canada. After Paragon Cable acquired the Rogers Cablesystems franchise in San Antonio, Texas, First Choice continued to be carried until Time Warner Cable
Time Warner Cable
bought Paragon in 1996. In the United States, pay-per-view broadcasters transmit without advertisements, similar to conventional flat-rate pay television services. The term "pay-per-view" did not come into general use until the late 1980s[citation needed] when companies such as Viewer's Choice, HBO
HBO
and Showtime started using the system to show movies and some of their productions. Viewer's Choice carried movies, concerts and other events, with live sporting events such as WrestleMania
WrestleMania
being the most predominant programming. Prices ranged from $3.99 to $49.99, while HBO and Showtime, with their event production legs TVKO and SET Pay Per View, would offer championship boxing matches ranging from $14.99 to $54.99.[citation needed] ESPN
ESPN
later began to televise college football and basketball games on pay-per-view through its services ESPN
ESPN
GamePlan and ESPN
ESPN
Full Court, which were eventually sold as full-time out-of-market sports packages.[citation needed] The boxing undercard Latin Fury, shown on June 28, 2003, became ESPN's first boxing card on pay-per-view and also the first pay-per-view boxing card held in Puerto Rico.[citation needed] Pay-per-view has provided a revenue stream for professional wrestling circuits such as WWE, Total Nonstop Action Wrestling
Total Nonstop Action Wrestling
(TNA), Ring of Honor
Ring of Honor
(ROH) and Lucha Libre AAA World Wide
Lucha Libre AAA World Wide
(AAA). WWE
WWE
chairman and chief executive officer Vince McMahon
Vince McMahon
is considered by many as one of the icons of pay-per-view promotion. McMahon owns the domain name payperview.com, which redirects to the WWE
WWE
Network website.[5] HBO
HBO
PPV[edit] In 2006, HBO
HBO
generated 3.7 million pay-per-view buys with $177 million in gross sales. The only year with more buys previously, 1999, had a total of 4 million. The former record fell in 2007 when HBO
HBO
sold 4.8 million PPV buys with $255 million in sales.[6] In 2014, HBO
HBO
generated 59.3 million buys and $3.1 billion in revenue since its 1991 debut with Evander Holyfield-George Foreman.[7] 1999 differed radically from 2006: 1999 saw four major fight cards: De La Hoya-Trinidad (1.4 million buys), Holyfield-Lewis I (1.2 million), Holyfield-Lewis II (850,000) and De La Hoya-Quartey (570,000). By contrast, only one pay-per-view mega-fight took place in 2006: De La Hoya-Mayorga (925,000 buys). Rahman-Maskaev bombed with under 50,000. The other eight PPV cards that year all fell in the 325,000–450,000 range. Pay-per-view fights in that range almost always generate more money for the promoter and fighters than HBO
HBO
wants to pay for an HBO World Championship Boxing
Boxing
license-fee.[citation needed] In May 2007, the super-welterweight boxing match between Oscar De La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
on HBO
HBO
PPV became the biggest-selling non-heavyweight title fight, with a little more than 2.5 million buyers.[8] The fight itself generated roughly $134.4 million in domestic PPV revenue, making it the most lucrative prizefight of all time at that time. The record stood until 2015 before it was broken by Floyd Mayweather, Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao
Floyd Mayweather, Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao
in a fight dubbed as the "Fight of the Century" on May 2, 2015 which generated 4.6 million ppv buys and a revenue of over $400 million.[9] The leading PPV attraction, Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
has generated approximately 19.5 million buys and $1.3 billion in revenue. Manny Pacquiao, ranked second, has generated approximately 19.2 million buys and $1.2 billion in revenue.[10][11] Oscar De La Hoya, has "sold" approximately 14 million units in total, giving $700 million in domestic television receipts and stands third. In fourth place in buys, Evander Holyfield
Evander Holyfield
has achieved 12.6 million units ($550 million); and at fifth, Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
has reached 12.4 million units ($545 million).[12] Ross Greenburg, then president of HBO
HBO
Sports, called the expansion of pay-per-view "the biggest economic issue in boxing", stating "I can't tell you that pay-per-view helps the sport because it doesn't. It hurts the sport because it narrows our audience, but it's a fact of life. Every time we try to make an HBO
HBO
World Championship Boxing fight, we're up against mythical pay-per-view numbers. HBO
HBO
doesn't make a lot of money from pay-per-view. There's usually a cap on what we can make. But the promoters and fighters insist on pay-per-view because that's where their greatest profits lie."[13] "It's a big problem," Greenburg continues. "It's getting harder and harder to put fighters like Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
on HBO
HBO
World Championship Boxing. If Floyd Mayweather beats Oscar, he might never fight on HBO World Championship Boxing
Boxing
again. But if HBO
HBO
stopped doing pay-per-view, the promoters would simply do it on their own [like Bob Arum did with Cotto-Malignaggi in June 2006] or find someone else who will do it for them."[13] Former HBO
HBO
Sports President Seth Abraham concurs, saying, "I think, if Lou (DiBella) and I were still at HBO, we'd be in the same pickle as far as the exodus of fights to pay-per-view is concerned."[14] Boxing[edit] Select HBO, Showtime, and Top Rank PPV boxing buy-rates between 1988 and 2017:

Date Fight Result Carrier Buy rate

000000001988-06-27-0000Jun 27, 1988 Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
vs. Michael Spinks Tyson wins by KO in round 1 HBO 7005700000000000000♠700,000[15]

000000001990-10-25-0000Oct 25, 1990 Buster Douglas vs. Evander Holyfield Holyfield wins by KO in round 3 Showtime 7006100000000000000♠1,000,000[15]

000000001991-04-19-0000Apr 19, 1991 Evander Holyfield
Evander Holyfield
vs. George Foreman Holyfield wins by UD (116–111, 117–110, 115–112) HBO 7006140000000000000♠1,400,000[16]

000000001991-06-28-0000Jun 28, 1991 Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
vs. Donovan Ruddock II Tyson wins by UD (113–109, 114–108, 114–108) Showtime 7006125000000000000♠1,250,000[17]

000000001991-10-18-0000Oct 18, 1991 Ray Mercer vs. Tommy Morrison Mercer wins by KO in round 5 HBO 7005200000000000000♠200,000[18]

000000001992-06-19-0000Jun 19, 1992 Evander Holyfield
Evander Holyfield
vs. Larry Holmes Holyfield wins by UD (117–111, 116–112, 116–112) HBO 7005730000000000000♠730,000[19]

000000001992-11-13-0000Nov 13, 1992 Evander Holyfield
Evander Holyfield
vs. Riddick Bowe Bowe wins by UD (117–110, 117–110, 115–112) HBO 7005900000000000000♠900,000[20]

000000001993-06-07-0000Jun 7, 1993 George Foreman vs. Tommy Morrison Morrison wins by UD (117–110, 117–110, 118–108) HBO 7005600000000000000♠600,000[21]

000000001993-11-06-0000Nov 6, 1993 Riddick Bowe vs. Evander Holyfield
Evander Holyfield
II Holyfield wins by MD (115–113, 115–114, 114–114) HBO 7005950000000000000♠950,000[22]

000000001994-11-18-0000Nov 18, 1994 James Toney
James Toney
vs. Roy Jones Jr. Jones Jr. wins by UD (119–108, 118–109, 117–110) HBO 7005300000000000000♠300,000[23]

000000001995-05-06-0000May 6, 1995 Oscar De La Hoya
Oscar De La Hoya
vs. Rafael Ruelas De La Hoya wins by TKO in round 2 HBO 7005330000000000000♠330,000[24]

000000001995-08-19-0000Aug 19, 1995 Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
vs. Peter McNeeley Tyson wins by DQ in round 1 Showtime 7006155000000000000♠1,550,000[16]

000000001995-11-04-0000Nov 4, 1995 Riddick Bowe vs. Evander Holyfield
Evander Holyfield
III Bowe wins by TKO in round 8 HBO 7005650000000000000♠650,000[25]

000000001996-03-16-0000Mar 16, 1996 Frank Bruno vs. Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
II Tyson wins by TKO in round 3 Showtime 7006137000000000000♠1,370,000[16]

000000001996-09-07-0000Sep 7, 1996 Bruce Seldon vs. Mike Tyson Tyson wins by TKO in round 1 Showtime 7006115000000000000♠1,150,000[16]

000000001996-11-09-0000Nov 9, 1996 Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
vs. Evander Holyfield Holyfield wins by TKO in round 11 Showtime 7006159000000000000♠1,590,000[16]

000000001997-04-12-0000Apr 12, 1997 Pernell Whitaker vs. Oscar De La Hoya De La Hoya wins by UD (115–111, 116–110, 116–110) HBO 7005720000000000000♠720,000[26]

000000001997-06-28-0000Jun 28, 1997 Evander Holyfield
Evander Holyfield
vs. Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
II Holyfield wins by DQ in round 3 Showtime 7006199000000000000♠1,990,000[16]

000000001997-09-13-0000Sep 13, 1997 Oscar De La Hoya
Oscar De La Hoya
vs. Héctor Camacho De La Hoya wins by UD (120–106, 120–105, 118–108) HBO 7005560000000000000♠560,000[26]

000000001997-10-04-0000Oct 4, 1997 Lennox Lewis vs. Andrew Golota Lewis wins by KO in round 1 HBO 7005300000000000000♠300,000[27]

000000001997-11-08-0000Nov 8, 1997 Evander Holyfield
Evander Holyfield
vs. Michael Moorer II Holyfield wins by RTD in round 8 Showtime 7005550000000000000♠550,000[28]

000000001999-01-16-0000Jan 16, 1999 Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
vs. Francois Botha Tyson wins by KO in round 5 Showtime 7005750000000000000♠750,000[29]

000000001999-03-13-0000Mar 13, 1999 Evander Holyfield
Evander Holyfield
vs. Lennox Lewis Split draw (116–113, 113–115, 115–115) HBO 7006120000000000000♠1,200,000[30]

000000001999-09-18-0000Sep 18, 1999 Oscar De La Hoya
Oscar De La Hoya
vs. Félix Trinidad Trinidad wins by MD (115–113, 115–114, 114–114) HBO 7006140000000000000♠1,400,000[16]

000000001999-11-13-0000Nov 13, 1999 Evander Holyfield
Evander Holyfield
vs. Lennox Lewis II Lewis wins by UD (116–112, 117–111, 115–113) HBO 7005850000000000000♠850,000[30]

000000002000-04-29-0000Apr 29, 2000 Lennox Lewis vs. Michael Grant Lewis wins by KO in round 2 HBO 7005340000000000000♠340,000[30]

000000002000-06-17-0000Jun 17, 2000 Oscar De La Hoya
Oscar De La Hoya
vs. Shane Mosley Mosley wins by SD (116–112, 115–113, 113–115) HBO 7005590000000000000♠590,000[26]

000000002000-09-09-0000Sep 9, 2000 Roy Jones Jr.
Roy Jones Jr.
vs. Eric Harding Jones Jr. wins by RTD in round 10 HBO 7005125000000000000♠125,000[31]

000000002000-10-20-0000Oct 20, 2000 Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
vs. Andrew Golota Tyson wins by TKO in round 3 (later changed to an NC) Showtime 7005450000000000000♠450,000[32]

000000002000-11-11-0000Nov 11, 2000 Lennox Lewis vs. David Tua Lewis wins by UD (119–109, 118–110, 117–111) HBO 7005420000000000000♠420,000[30]

000000002001-03-03-0000Mar 3, 2001 Evander Holyfield
Evander Holyfield
vs. John Ruiz II Ruiz wins by UD (116–110, 115–111, 114–111) Showtime 7005185000000000000♠185,000[33]

000000002001-04-07-0000Apr 7, 2001 Marco Antonio Barrera
Marco Antonio Barrera
vs. Naseem Hamed Barrera wins by UD (116–111, 115–112, 115–112) HBO 7005310000000000000♠310,000[34]

000000002001-11-17-0000Nov 17, 2001 Hasim Rahman
Hasim Rahman
vs. Lennox Lewis II Lewis wins by KO in round 4 HBO 7005460000000000000♠460,000[35]

000000002002-06-08-0000Jun 8, 2002 Lennox Lewis vs. Mike Tyson Lewis wins by KO in round 8 HBO/Showtime 7006197000000000000♠1,970,000[16]

000000002002-09-14-0000Sep 14, 2002 Oscar De La Hoya
Oscar De La Hoya
vs. Fernando Vargas De La Hoya wins by TKO in round 11 HBO 7005935000000000000♠935,000[26]

000000002003-02-22-0000Feb 22, 2003 Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
vs. Clifford Etienne Tyson wins by KO in round 1 Showtime 7005100000000000000♠100,000[33]

000000002003-03-01-0000Mar 1, 2003 John Ruiz vs. Roy Jones Jr. Jones Jr. wins by UD (118–110, 117–111, 116–112) HBO 7005525000000000000♠525,000[33]

000000002003-09-13-0000Sep 13, 2003 Oscar De La Hoya
Oscar De La Hoya
vs. Shane Mosley II Mosley wins by UD (113–115, 113–115, 113–115) HBO 7005950000000000000♠950,000[26]

000000002003-10-04-0000Oct 4, 2003 James Toney
James Toney
vs. Evander Holyfield Toney wins by TKO in round 9 Showtime 7005150000000000000♠150,000[36]

000000002003-11-08-0000Nov 8, 2003 Antonio Tarver vs. Roy Jones Jr. Jones Jr. wins by MD (117–111, 116–112, 114–114) HBO 7005302000000000000♠302,000[37]

000000002004-05-15-0000May 15, 2004 Roy Jones Jr.
Roy Jones Jr.
vs. Antonio Tarver II Tarver wins by KO in round 2 HBO 7005360000000000000♠360,000[38]

000000002004-09-18-0000Sep 18, 2004 Bernard Hopkins vs. Oscar De La Hoya Hopkins wins by KO in round 9 HBO 7006100000000000000♠1,000,000[26]

000000002004-12-11-0000Dec 11, 2004 Vitali Klitschko
Vitali Klitschko
vs. Danny Williams Klitschko wins by TKO in round 8 HBO 7005120000000000000♠120,000[39]

000000002005-03-19-0000Mar 19, 2005 Érik Morales
Érik Morales
vs. Manny Pacquiao Morales wins by UD (115–113, 115–113, 115–113) HBO 7005345000000000000♠345,000[40]

000000002005-06-11-0000Jun 11, 2005 Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
vs. Kevin McBride McBride wins by TKO in round 7 Showtime 7005250000000000000♠250,000[41]

000000002005-06-25-0000Jun 25, 2005 Arturo Gatti vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr. Mayweather Jr. wins by RTD in round 6 HBO 7005340000000000000♠340,000[40]

000000002005-10-01-0000Oct 1, 2005 Antonio Tarver vs. Roy Jones Jr.
Roy Jones Jr.
III Tarver wins by UD (117–111, 116–112, 116–112) HBO 7005405000000000000♠405,000[42]

000000002006-01-21-0000Jan 21, 2006 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs Érik Morales
Érik Morales
II Pacquiao wins by TKO in round 10 HBO 7005360000000000000♠360,000[43]

000000002006-04-08-0000Apr 8, 2006 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Zab Judah Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (116–112, 117–111, 119–109) HBO 7005375000000000000♠375,000[43]

000000002006-05-06-0000May 6, 2006 Ricardo Mayorga vs. Oscar De La Hoya De La Hoya wins by TKO in round 6 HBO 7005925000000000000♠925,000[44]

000000002006-05-06-0000May 6, 2006 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Óscar Larios Pacquiao wins by UD (117–110, 118–108, 120–106) Top Rank 7005120000000000000♠120,000[45]

000000002006-08-12-0000Aug 12, 2006 Hasim Rahman
Hasim Rahman
vs. Oleg Maskaev II Maskaev wins by TKO in round 12 HBO 7004600000000000000♠60,000[46]

000000002006-11-04-0000Nov 4, 2006 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Carlos Baldomir Mayweather, Jr. wins by UD (120–108, 120–108, 118–110) HBO 7005325000000000000♠325,000[43]

000000002006-11-18-0000Nov 18, 2006 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs Érik Morales
Érik Morales
III Pacquiao wins by KO in round 3 HBO 7005350000000000000♠350,000[43]

000000002007-04-14-0000Apr 14, 2007 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs Jorge Solís Pacquiao wins by KO in round 8 Top Rank 7005150000000000000♠150,000[47]

000000002007-05-05-0000May 5, 2007 Oscar De La Hoya
Oscar De La Hoya
vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr. Mayweather Jr. wins by SD (116–112, 115–113, 113–115) HBO 7006240000000000000♠2,400,000[16]

000000002007-10-10-0000Oct 10, 2007 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Marco Antonio Barrera
Marco Antonio Barrera
II Pacquiao wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 115–112) HBO 7005350000000000000♠350,000[48]

000000002007-12-08-0000Dec 8, 2007 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Ricky Hatton Mayweather Jr. wins by TKO in round 10 HBO 7005920000000000000♠920,000[49]

000000002008-03-15-0000Mar 15, 2008 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Juan Manuel Márquez
Juan Manuel Márquez
II Pacquiao wins by SD (115–112, 114–113, 112–115) HBO 7005400000000000000♠400,000[50]

000000002008-06-28-0000Jun 28, 2008 David Díaz vs. Manny Pacquiao Pacquiao wins by TKO in round 9 HBO 7005206000000000000♠206,000[51]

000000002008-11-08-0000Nov 8, 2008 Joe Calzaghe vs. Roy Jones Jr. Calzaghe wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 118–109) HBO 7005225000000000000♠225,000[52]

000000002008-12-06-0000Dec 6, 2008 Oscar De La Hoya
Oscar De La Hoya
vs. Manny Pacquiao Pacquiao wins by RTD in round 8 HBO 7006125000000000000♠1,250,000[16]

000000002009-05-02-0000May 2, 2009 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Ricky Hatton Pacquiao wins by KO in round 2 HBO 7005850000000000000♠850,000[53]

000000002009-09-19-0000Sep 19, 2009 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Juan Manuel Márquez Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (120–107, 119–108, 118–109) HBO 7006106000000000000♠1,060,000[49]

000000002009-11-14-0000Nov 14, 2009 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Miguel Cotto Pacquiao wins by TKO in round 12 HBO 7006125000000000000♠1,250,000[54]

000000002010-03-13-0000Mar 13, 2010 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Joshua Clottey Pacquiao wins by UD (119–109, 119–109, 120–108) HBO 7005700000000000000♠700,000[55]

000000002010-04-03-0000Apr 3, 2010 Bernard Hopkins vs. Roy Jones Jr.
Roy Jones Jr.
II Hopkins win by UD (118–109, 117–110, 117–110) HBO 7005150000000000000♠150,000[56]

000000002010-05-01-0000May 1, 2010 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Shane Mosley Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (119–109, 118–110, 119–109) HBO 7006140000000000000♠1,400,000[16]

000000002010-11-13-0000Nov 13, 2010 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Antonio Margarito Pacquiao wins by UD (120–108, 118–110, 119–109) HBO 7006115000000000000♠1,150,000[57]

000000002011-05-07-0000May 7, 2011 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Shane Mosley Pacquiao wins by UD (119–108, 120–108, 120–107) Showtime 7006134000000000000♠1,340,000[58]

000000002011-09-17-0000Sep 17, 2011 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs Victor Ortiz Mayweather Jr. wins by KO in round 4 HBO 7006125000000000000♠1,250,000[59]

000000002011-11-13-0000Nov 13, 2011 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Juan Manuel Márquez
Juan Manuel Márquez
III Pacquiao wins by MD (115–113, 114–114, 116–112) HBO 7006140000000000000♠1,400,000[60]

000000002011-12-03-0000Dec 3, 2011 Miguel Cotto
Miguel Cotto
vs. Antonio Margarito II Cotto wins by RTD in round 9 HBO 7005600000000000000♠600,000[61]

000000002012-05-05-0000May 5, 2012 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Miguel Cotto Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (117–111, 117–111, 118–110) HBO 7006150000000000000♠1,500,000[62]

000000002012-06-09-0000Jun 9, 2012 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Timothy Bradley Bradley wins by SD (115–113, 115–113, 115–113) HBO 7005890000000000000♠890,000[63]

000000002012-09-15-0000Sep 15, 2012 Sergio Martínez vs. Julio César Chávez Jr. Martínez wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 117–110) HBO 7005475000000000000♠475,000[64]

000000002012-12-08-0000Dec 8, 2012 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Juan Manuel Márquez
Juan Manuel Márquez
IV Márquez wins by KO in round 6 HBO 7006115000000000000♠1,150,000[65]

000000002013-05-04-0000May 4, 2013 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Robert Guerrero Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (117–111, 117–111, 117–111) Showtime 7006100000000000000♠1,000,000[66]

000000002013-09-14-0000Sep 14, 2013 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Canelo Álvarez Mayweather, Jr. wins by MD (117–111, 116–112, 114–114) Showtime 7006220000000000000♠2,200,000[67]

000000002013-10-12-0000Oct 12, 2013 Timothy Bradley vs. Juan Manuel Márquez Bradley wins by SD (115–113, 116–112, 113–115) HBO 7005375000000000000♠375,000[68]

000000002013-11-24-0000Nov 24, 2013 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Brandon Ríos Pacquiao wins by UD (119–109, 120–108, 118–110) HBO 7005475000000000000♠475,000[69]

000000002014-03-08-0000Mar 8, 2014 Canelo Álvarez
Canelo Álvarez
vs. Alfredo Angulo Álvarez wins by TKO in Round 10 Showtime 7005350000000000000♠350,000[70]

000000002014-04-12-0000Apr 12, 2014 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Timothy Bradley II Pacquiao wins by UD (116–112, 116–112, 118–110) HBO 7005800000000000000♠800,000[71]

000000002014-05-03-0000May 3, 2014 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Marcos Maidana Mayweather Jr. wins by MD (114–114, 117–111, 116–112) Showtime 7005900000000000000♠900,000[72]

000000002014-06-07-0000Jun 7, 2014 Miguel Cotto
Miguel Cotto
vs. Sergio Martínez Cotto wins by RTD in round 10 HBO 7005315000000000000♠315,000[73]

000000002014-07-12-0000Jul 12, 2014 Canelo Álvarez
Canelo Álvarez
vs. Erislandy Lara Álvarez wins by SD (115–113, 117–111, 113–115) Showtime 7005300000000000000♠300,000[74]

000000002014-09-13-0000Sep 13, 2014 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Marcos Maidana II Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (116–111, 116–111, 115–112) Showtime 7005925000000000000♠925,000[72]

000000002014-11-23-0000Nov 23, 2014 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Chris Algieri Pacquiao wins by UD (119–103, 119–103, 120–102) HBO 7005400000000000000♠400,000[75]

000000002015-05-02-0000May 2, 2015 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Manny Pacquiao Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (116–112, 116–112, 118–110) HBO/Showtime 7006460000000000000♠4,600,000[76]

000000002015-09-12-0000Sep 12, 2015 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Andre Berto Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (120–108, 118–110, 117–111) Showtime 7005400000000000000♠400,000[77]

000000002015-10-17-0000Oct 17, 2015 Gennady Golovkin
Gennady Golovkin
vs. David Lemieux Golovkin wins via TKO in round 8 HBO 7005150000000000000♠150,000[78]

000000002015-11-21-0000Nov 21, 2015 Miguel Cotto
Miguel Cotto
vs. Canelo Álvarez Álvarez wins by UD (117–111, 119–109, 118–110) HBO 7005900000000000000♠900,000[79]

000000002016-04-09-0000Apr 9, 2016 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Timothy Bradley III Pacquiao wins by UD (116–110, 116–110, 116–110) HBO 7005400000000000000♠400,000[80]

000000002016-05-07-0000May 7, 2016 Canelo Álvarez
Canelo Álvarez
vs. Amir Khan Álvarez wins by KO in round 6 HBO 7005600000000000000♠600,000[81]

000000002016-07-23-0000July 23, 2016 Terence Crawford vs. Viktor Postol Crawford wins by UD (118–107, 118–107, 117–108) HBO 7004550000000000000♠55,000[82]

000000002016-09-17-0000Sep 17, 2016 Canelo Álvarez
Canelo Álvarez
vs. Liam Smith Álvarez wins by TKO in round 9 HBO 7005300000000000000♠300,000[83]

000000002016-11-05-0000Nov 5, 2016 Manny Pacquiao
Manny Pacquiao
vs. Jessie Vargas Pacquiao wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 114–113) Top Rank 7005300000000000000♠300,000[84]

000000002016-11-19-0000Nov 19, 2016 Sergey Kovalev vs. Andre Ward Ward wins by UD (114–113, 114–113, 114–113) HBO 7005165000000000000♠165,000[85]

000000002017-03-18-0000Mar 18, 2017 Gennady Golovkin
Gennady Golovkin
vs. Daniel Jacobs Golovkin wins by UD (115–112, 115–112, 114–113) HBO 7005170000000000000♠170,000[86]

000000002017-05-06-0000May 6, 2017 Canelo Álvarez
Canelo Álvarez
vs. Julio César Chávez Jr. Álvarez wins by UD (120–108, 120–108, 120–108) HBO 7006100000000000000♠1,000,000[87]

000000002017-06-17-0000Jun 17, 2017 Andre Ward vs. Sergey Kovalev II Ward wins by TKO in round 8 HBO 7005130000000000000♠130,000[88]

000000002017-08-26-0000Aug 26, 2017 Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
vs. Conor McGregor Mayweather wins by TKO in round 10 Showtime 7006430000000000000♠4,300,000[89]

000000002017-09-16-0000Sep 16, 2017 Gennady Golovkin
Gennady Golovkin
vs. Canelo Álvarez Split draw (118–110, 115–113, 114–114) HBO 7006130000000000000♠1,300,000[90]

UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship)[edit] Ultimate Fighting Championship
Ultimate Fighting Championship
(UFC), a relative newcomer on the pay-per-view scene, matched the once-dominant World Wrestling Entertainment
Entertainment
Inc. in pay-per-view revenues during 2006 and surpassed boxing titan HBO. The three companies make up the bulk of the pay-per-view business. According to Deana Myers, a senior analyst at Kagan Research LLC (which tracks the PPV industry), "UFC has reinvigorated the pay-per-view category."[91] The highest buy rates for the UFC as of February  2017[update] are as follows: SOURCE:[92] Note: The UFC does not release official PPV statistics, and the following PPV numbers are as reported by industry insiders.

No. Date Event Buy rate Revenue

1 000000002016-08-20-0000Aug 20, 2016 UFC 202: Diaz vs. McGregor 2 1,650,000[93] $82.5 million[94]

2 000000002009-07-11-0000Jul 11, 2009 UFC 100: Lesnar vs. Mir 2 1,600,000 $82 million

3 000000002016-03-05-0000Mar 5, 2016 UFC 196: McGregor vs. Diaz 1,300,000[95] $65 million[96]

4 000000002016-11-12-0000Nov 12, 2016 UFC 205: Alvarez vs. McGregor 1,300,000[97] $65 million[96]

5 000000002015-12-12-0000Dec 12, 2015 UFC 194: Aldo vs. McGregor 1,200,000[98] $90 million

6 000000002016-07-09-0000Jul 9, 2016 UFC 200: Tate vs. Nunes 1,200,000[99]

7 000000002010-07-03-0000Jul 3, 2010 UFC 116: Lesnar vs. Carwin 1,160,000 $55 million

8 000000002015-11-15-0000Nov 15, 2015 UFC 193: Rousey vs. Holm 1,100,000 $60 million

9 000000002016-12-30-0000Dec 30, 2016 UFC 207: Nunes vs. Rousey 1,100,000[100]

10 000000002006-12-30-0000Dec 30, 2006 UFC 66: Liddell vs. Ortiz 2 1,050,000 $53 million

11 000000002010-05-29-0000May 29, 2010 UFC 114: Rampage vs. Evans 1,050,000

12 000000002010-10-23-0000Oct 23, 2010 UFC 121: Lesnar vs. Velasquez 1,050,000 $45 million

13 000000002013-12-28-0000Dec 28, 2013 UFC 168: Weidman vs. Silva II 1,025,000[101]

14 000000002008-11-15-0000Nov 15, 2008 UFC 91: Couture vs. Lesnar 1,010,000 $47 million

15 000000002008-12-27-0000Dec 27, 2008 UFC 92: The Ultimate 2008 1,000,000

16 000000002013-03-16-0000Mar 16, 2013 UFC 158: St-Pierre vs. Diaz 950,000

17 000000002012-07-07-0000Jul 7, 2012 UFC 148: Silva vs. Sonnen II 925,000

18 000000002009-01-31-0000Jan 31, 2009 UFC 94: St-Pierre vs. Penn 2 920,000

19 000000002015-08-01-0000Aug 1, 2015 UFC 190: Rousey vs. Correia 900,000

20 000000002017-11-04-0000Nov 4, 2017 UFC 217: Bisping vs. St-Pierre 875,000

21 000000002017-07-29-0000Jul 29, 2017 UFC 214: Cormier vs. Jones 2 860,000

22 000000002009-08-08-0000Aug 8, 2009 UFC 101: Declaration 850,000

23 000000002015-07-11-0000Jul 11, 2015 UFC 189: Mendes vs. McGregor 825,000

24 000000002011-04-30-0000Apr 30, 2011 UFC 129: St-Pierre vs. Shields 800,000

25 000000002015-01-03-0000Jan 3, 2015 UFC 182: Jones vs. Cormier 800,000

26 000000002010-12-11-0000Dec 11, 2010 UFC 124: St-Pierre vs. Koscheck 2 785,000

27 000000002011-12-30-0000Dec 30, 2011 UFC 141: Lesnar vs. Overeem 780,000

28 000000002010-03-27-0000Mar 27, 2010 UFC 111: St-Pierre vs. Hardy 770,000

Professional wrestling[edit] Professional wrestling
Professional wrestling
has a long history of running pay-per-view events. WWE
WWE
(then WWF) launched its first pay-per-view event in 1985 with The Wrestling Classic
The Wrestling Classic
and has run numerous others throughout the years. Other major organisations such as WCW, ECW and TNA have also run pay-per-view events. The highest buy rates for professional wrestling events as of June  2015[update] are as follows:[102]

No. Date Event Buy rate

1 000000002012-04-01-0000Apr 1, 2012 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
XXVIII 1,217,000

2 000000002007-04-01-0000Apr 1, 2007 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
23 1,200,000

3 000000002005-04-03-0000Apr 3, 2005 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
21 1,085,000

4 000000002011-04-03-0000Apr 3, 2011 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
XXVII 1,059,000

5 000000002008-03-30-0000Mar 30, 2008 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
XXIV 1,058,000

6 000000002013-04-07-0000Apr 7, 2013 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
29 1,048,000

7 000000002001-04-01-0000Apr 1, 2001 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
X-Seven 1,040,000

8 000000002004-03-14-0000Mar 14, 2004 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
XX 1,007,000

9 000000002006-04-02-0000Apr 2, 2006 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
22 975,000

10 000000002009-04-05-0000Apr 5, 2009 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
XXV 960,000

11 000000002010-03-28-0000Mar 28, 2010 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
XXVI 885,000

12 000000002002-03-17-0000Mar 17, 2002 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
X8 880,000

13 000000002000-04-02-0000Apr 2, 2000 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
2000 824,000

14 000000001999-03-28-0000Mar 28, 1999 WrestleMania
WrestleMania
XV 800,000

15 000000002001-07-22-0000Jul 22, 2001 Invasion 770,000

Other events[edit] In 2015, with the Fare Thee Well: Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead the pay-per-view set a new record for a music event with more than 400,000 subscriptions, surpassing a 1999 simulcast by the Backstreet Boys which drew 160,000 subscriptions.[103] Canada[edit] In Canada, most specialty television providers provide pay-per-view programming through one or more services. In all cases, prices typically range from around C$4.99 (for movies) up to $50 or more for special events. Initially, there were three major PPV providers in Canada; Viewers Choice Canada
Canada
operated in Eastern Canada
Canada
as a joint venture of Astral Media, Rogers Communications, and TSN, while Western International Communications operated a separate service also branded as Viewers Choice, which used the brand under licence after previously operating as Home Theatre. Viewers Choice
Viewers Choice
Canada
Canada
was a partner in a French-language PPV service known as Canal Indigo, which is now entirely owned by Videotron. Bell Canada
Canada
also launched a PPV service for its ExpressVu television provider known as Vu!
Vu!
in 1999. Home Theatre was later acquired by Shaw Communications; after gaining permission to operate nationally, it re-branded as a white-label PPV known internally as Shaw PPV
Shaw PPV
in December 2007. In 2014, due to Bell Media's majority ownership of Viewers Choice
Viewers Choice
because of its acquisition of Astral, and because both Bell and Rogers now ran their own in-house PPV operations ( Vu!
Vu!
and Sportsnet PPV), Viewers Choice was shut down.[104] South America[edit]

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Per nations with Pay-Per-View or PPV system in South América Argentina[edit] Torneos y Competencias, is a producer and sports events organization that broadcasts live main matches of Argentine Soccer in four categories on TyC Sports and TyC Max Brazil[edit] In the soccer main matches of Serie A (Six games per matchday) and Serie B (Four games per matchday) in two categories of Brazilian Soccer are broadcast live on Premiere FC and SporTV. The Serie C Championship are broadcast live on SporTV
SporTV
with two games per matchday in Pay TV. In other sports are broadcast live on NBB TV (Exclusive channel of Brazilian Basketball
Basketball
League in Premium system) Chile[edit] In Chile the exclusive rights of Chilean Soccer are owned by TV Fútbol and broadcast live on a channel called Canal Del Fútbol (The Soccer Channel), also known CDF. Sports Field S.A. has exclusive rights to games on the Chilean professional basketball league, which are broadcast live vía CDO (Premium Signal) Paraguay[edit] The Teledeportes business have exclusive rights to broadcast live main matches of Paraguayan Soccer in four categories vía Tigo Max and Tigo Sports. Teledeportes have live broadcast live of Paraguayan Basketball League is broadcast live Monday at 7:55 pm on Tigo Max (K.O 20:10) and Thursday at 8:00 pm on Tigo Sports (K.O 20:15). Uruguay[edit] The Tenfield producer business and sports events organization have television exclusive rights for the main matches of Uruguayan soccer and basketball, which are broadcast on VTV Max and VTV Sports. Europe[edit] Romania[edit] Cable communications operator UPC Romania has notified the National Audiovisual Council (CNA) on the intention to introduce in January, February 2014 at the latest, an on-demand audiovisual media service called Agerpres. According to the manager of UPC Romania-owned Smaranda Radoi UPC, will allow customers to watch movies on demand or live events; as well as broadcasts of performances, concerts and sporting events. Albania[edit] In November 2008, pay-per-view made its debut in Albania
Albania
through Digitalb
Digitalb
on terrestrial and satellite television, with the channel DigiGold.[105] United Kingdom and Ireland[edit] Viewers in the United Kingdom and Ireland can access pay-per-view via satellite, cable and over-the-internet television services, mainly for films – with services such as Sky Box Office. Broadcasters (most notably PremPlus) have largely abandoned their aspirations to introduce PPV into the sports market due to poor take-up; as of 2009[update] it carries only occasional boxing matches and all of the WWE
WWE
pay-per-view events. In February 2014, WWE
WWE
launched their subscription-based video streaming service, the WWE
WWE
Network, which was launched in the UK and Ireland on 13 January 2015; this would have a considerable impact on pay-per-view services in the UK. France[edit] Launched in the late 1990s, Canalsat (Ciné+) and TPS (Multivision) operate their own pay-per-view service. While CanalSat holds the rights to live soccer matches for France's Ligue 1, TPS had the rights for Boxe matches. In 2007, Multivision service ceased by the end of TPS service which merged with Canalsat. Nowadays, Ciné+ is the only existing pay-per-view service in France. Croatia[edit] Fight Channel
Fight Channel
is broadcasting martial arts events organized by the world's most prominent fighting organizations, such as the UFC, K-1, HBO
HBO
Boxing, Dream, Glory WS, World Series of Boxing
Boxing
etc. and its pay-per-view service covers the Balkans
Balkans
region. Australia and the Pacific Islands[edit] Foxtel
Foxtel
and Optus Vision
Optus Vision
introduced pay-per-view direct to home television in Australia in the mid-to-late 1990s. Foxtel
Foxtel
had Event TV (until it transformed into its current form; Main Event) while, Optus Vision had Main Attraction Pay-Per-View as its provider. As of 2005, Main Event is the current pay-per-view provider through Foxtel
Foxtel
and Optus cable/satellite subscription. Sky Pacific
Sky Pacific
started a service in Fiji in 2005 and then expanded into American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati (East), Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu, with one, out of their 25 channels, being Pay-Per-View.[106] Netflix is available in Australia. Asia[edit] Malaysia[edit] In Malaysia, Astro's Astro Box Office service launched in 2000 in the form of the free-to-air "Astro Showcase". Japan[edit] SkyPerfecTV subscribers can receive one-click pay-per-view access to hundreds of channels supplying domestic and international sporting events (including WWE
WWE
events), movies, and specialty programming, either live or later on continuous repeat on its channel. India[edit] In India
India
a pay-per-view service operates; however, pay-per-view sports broadcasts are not available.[citation needed] See also[edit]

Bel Air Circuit Conditional access List of Bellator events List of DREAM events List of ECW pay-per-view events List of K-1
K-1
events List of ROH pay-per-view events List of Strikeforce events List of TNA pay-per-view events List of UFC events List of WCW
WCW
pay-per-view events List of WWE
WWE
pay-per-view events

References[edit]

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'About Us' Page [5] Retrieved 10th June 2015.

External links[edit]

Capsule history at sports 2/etv/P/htmlP/payperview/payperview.htm Museum of Broadcast Communications[pe

.