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PAUL VERHOEVEN (Dutch: ; born 18 July 1938) is a Dutch film director, film producer, television director, television producer, and screenwriter. Verhoeven is active in both the Netherlands
Netherlands
and Hollywood
Hollywood
. Explicit violent and/or sexual content and social satire are trademarks of both his drama and science fiction films . He is best known for directing the films RoboCop
RoboCop
(1987), Total Recall (1990), Basic Instinct
Basic Instinct
(1992), Showgirls (1995), Starship Troopers (1997), and Elle (2016).

Verhoeven's film Turkish Delight (1973) received the award for Best Dutch Film of the Century at the Netherlands
Netherlands
Film Festival . His films altogether received a total of nine Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations, mainly for editing and effects. Verhoeven won the Saturn Award
Saturn Award
for Best Director for Robocop. His Dutch war film Black Book (2006) was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language , and was voted the best Dutch film ever by the Dutch public in 2008.

In contrast, he won the Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst Picture and Worst Director for Showgirls (1995); he is one of the few people to have accepted their award(s) in person.

The Seattle Times
Seattle Times
praised Verhoeven by saying, "Director Paul Verhoeven often appears to be a one-man Dutch movie industry," while The San Diego Union called Verhoeven "a busy bee whose movies pollinate the festival circuit."

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life

* 2 Career

* 2.1 Short films and TV series (1960–1969) * 2.2 First feature films (1969–1983) * 2.3 Filmmaking in the United States (1983–2000) * 2.4 Return to Europe (2006–present)

* 3 Other activities * 4 Filmography

* 5 Collaborations

* 5.1 Actors * 5.2 Other creative professions

* 6 References * 7 External links

EARLY LIFE

Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
was born on 18 July 1938, the son of a school teacher , Wim Verhoeven, and a hat maker , Nel van Schaardenburg. Although he was born in Amsterdam
Amsterdam
, the family lived in the village of Slikkerveer .

In 1943 the family moved to The Hague
The Hague
, the location of the German headquarters in the Netherlands
Netherlands
during World War II
World War II
. The Verhoeven house was near a German military base with V1 and V2-rocket launchers , which was repeatedly bombed by allied forces. Their neighbours' house was hit and Verhoeven's parents were almost killed when bombs fell on a street crossing. From this period, Verhoeven mentioned in interviews, he remembers images of violence, burning houses, dead bodies on the street, and continuous danger. As a small child he experienced the war as an exciting adventure and compares himself with the character Bill Rowan in Hope and Glory (1987).

Verhoeven's father became head teacher at the Van Heutszschool in The Hague, and Paul attended this school. Sometimes they watched informative films at home with the school's film projector . Paul and his father also liked to see American films that were in the cinema after the liberation, such as The Crimson Pirate (1952).

They went as many as ten times to see The War of the Worlds (1953). Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
was a fan of the Dutch comic Dick Bos (nl). The character Dick Bos is a private detective who fights crime using jujutsu . Verhoeven himself liked comic drawing; he created The Killer, a grey character in a detailed story full of revenge. Other fiction he liked were Frankenstein
Frankenstein
and the Edgar Rice Burroughs Barsoom
Barsoom
series.

Verhoeven attended public secondary school Gymnasium Haganum in The Hague. Later, beginning in 1955, he studied at Leiden University , where he joined the elite fraternity Minerva. Verhoeven graduated with a doctorandus (M.Sc.) with a double major, in Mathematics
Mathematics
and Physics .

CAREER

SHORT FILMS AND TV SERIES (1960–1969)

Verhoeven made his first film A Lizzard Too Much for the anniversary of his students\' corps in 1960. In his last years at university Verhoeven also attended classes at the Netherlands
Netherlands
Film Academy . After this he made three more short films Nothing Special
Special
(1961), The Hitchhikers (1962) and Let's Have a Party (1963).

Verhoeven never used his maths and physics degree, opting instead to invest his energies in a career in film. After his studies he entered the Dutch Navy
Navy
as a conscript. He made the documentary "Het Korps Mariniers" (The Royal Dutch Marine Corps, 1965) about the Navy, which won the French Golden Sun award for military films.

In 1967 Verhoeven married Martine Tours, with whom he later had two daughters, Claudia (b. 1972), and Helen (b. 1974).

When he left the Navy, Verhoeven took his skills to Dutch television. First, he made a documentary about Anton Mussert named Mussert (1968). His first major success was the 1969 Floris television series, starring Rutger Hauer . The concept of Floris was inspired by foreign series like Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
and Thierry La Fronde .

FIRST FEATURE FILMS (1969–1983)

Verhoeven's first feature film Business Is Business was released in 1971 and was not especially well received. His first national success did not come until 1973 with Turkish Delight , starring Rutger Hauer and Monique van de Ven . This film is based on a novel by bestselling Dutch author Jan Wolkers and tells the passionate love story of an artist and a liberal young girl from a rather conservative background. The film received an Academy Award
Academy Award
nomination for Best Foreign Language Film in 1974. In 1999 the film won a Golden Calf for Best Dutch Film of the Century. Verhoeven's 1975 film Katie Tippel again featured Hauer and van de Ven, but it would not match the success of Turkish Delight. Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
(1983)

Verhoeven built on his reputation and achieved international success with his Golden Globe
Golden Globe
nominated film Soldier of Orange , starring Rutger Hauer and Jeroen Krabbé . The film, based on a true story about the Dutch resistance in World War II
World War II
, was written by Erik Hazelhoff Roelfzema . Soldier of Orange received the 1979 LA Film Critics Award for best foreign language film. It was also nominated for a Golden Globe
Golden Globe
in 1980.

In 1980 Verhoeven made the film Spetters with Renée Soutendijk and Rutger Hauer. The story is sometimes compared to Saturday Night Fever , but the film has more explicit violence and sexuality (in this case also homosexuality ), which are sometimes seen as the trademarks of Paul Verhoeven. Verhoeven's film The Fourth Man (1983) is a horror film starring Jeroen Krabbé and Renée Soutendijk . It was written by Gerard Soeteman from a novel by the popular Dutch writer Gerard Reve . This film would be Verhoeven's last Dutch film production until the 2006 film Black Book .

FILMMAKING IN THE UNITED STATES (1983–2000)

Gerard Soeteman also wrote the script for Verhoeven's first American film, Flesh and Blood (1985), which starred Rutger Hauer and Jennifer Jason Leigh . Verhoeven moved to Hollywood
Hollywood
for a wider range of opportunities in filmmaking. Working in the U.S. he made a serious change in style, directing big-budget, very violent, special-effects-heavy smashes RoboCop
RoboCop
and Total Recall. Both RoboCop and Total Recall won Academy Special
Special
Achievement Awards , for Sound Effects Editing and for Visual Effects respectively. Presentation of Basic Instinct
Basic Instinct
at the 1992 Cannes Film Festival . Left to right: Jeanne Tripplehorn , Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
, Martine Tours (Verhoeven's wife), Paul Verhoeven, Sharon Stone
Sharon Stone
and Mario Kassar

Verhoeven followed those successes with the equally intense and provocative Basic Instinct
Basic Instinct
(1992), an erotic thriller. The ninth-highest-grossing film of the year, the movie was a return to themes Verhoeven had explored in Turkish Delight and The Fourth Man . The film's most notorious scene shows Sharon Stone's character in a police interrogation, where she uncrosses her legs, briefly revealing her vulva (she does not wear underwear underneath her skirt). The film received two Academy Awards
Academy Awards
nominations, for Film Editing and for Original Music.

Verhoeven's next film was the poorly received, NC-17 rated Showgirls (1995), about a stripper in Las Vegas trying to make a career as a showgirl. The film won seven Golden Raspberry Awards including Worst Film and Worst Director; Verhoeven became the first director to accept his "award" in person. Afterward, the film enjoyed success on the home video market, generating more than $100 million from video rentals and became one of MGM
MGM
's top 20 all-time bestsellers.

After Basic Instinct
Basic Instinct
and Showgirls, Verhoeven returned to the science fiction, graphic violence, and special-effects tropes that had marked his earlier films with Starship Troopers (1997), adapted from the novel of the same name by Robert A. Heinlein , and Hollow Man (2000). Each film received an Academy Award
Academy Award
nomination for Best Visual Effects.

RETURN TO EUROPE (2006–PRESENT)

Verhoeven promoting his French-language film Elle in 2016

After about 20 years of working and living in the United States, Verhoeven returned to the Netherlands
Netherlands
for the shooting of a new film. Together with his screenwriter Gerard Soeteman , Verhoeven made Black Book (2006). The director was hailed by the host of the Netherlands Film Festival with the words "The return of a hero." Black Book eventually won six Golden Calves at this festival, including Best Director. When the shooting of Black Book was delayed due to financial issues, there was speculation about a new production. The film Beast of Bataan had been announced, but once the shooting for Black Book resumed, the other film was never realized. Since his return to European cinema in 2006 with Black Book, Verhoeven has been connected to a large number of projects, but for the moment none of them has come to fruition. Some of those titles were produced with other directors at the helm, such as The Paperboy .

Finally, in a rather unexpected twist, Verhoeven followed Black Book by directing a movie in French: Elle , an adaptation of a novel by Philippe Djian . The film by Verhoeven, a psycho-thriller where Isabelle Huppert plays a rape victim, was selected in the Official Competition at the Cannes International Film Festival, where it obtained very favourable reviews.

Verhoeven has been a knight in the Order of the Netherlands
Netherlands
Lion since 2007. In December 2016 it was announced that Verhoeven would be the President of the Jury for the 67th Berlin International Film Festival , scheduled to take place in February 2017. In April 2017 his next French film titled Blessed Virgin was announced.

OTHER ACTIVITIES

Verhoeven is a member of the Jesus Seminar , and he is the only member who does not have a degree in biblical studies . He graduated with a degree in mathematics and physics from the University of Leiden. Since he is not a professional biblical exegete , his membership in the Jesus Seminar has occasionally been cited by opponents of the Seminar as a sign that this group is less scholarly than it claims. For example, Luke Timothy Johnson criticizes the Jesus Seminar's methods on exegetical grounds, and also criticizes what he perceives to be a dependence on the theatrical and an attempt to manipulate the mainstream media. He singles out Verhoeven as a key player in the media activities of the Jesus
Jesus
Seminar. On the other hand, some Jesus Seminar members were unhappy with Verhoeven's portrayal of Jesus
Jesus
as an eschatological prophet .

In 2007 Verhoeven wrote the book Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth
Nazareth
(Dutch : Jezus van Nazaret) about the life of Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth. The book reviews the ideas of Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth
Nazareth
and the alleged corruption of these same ideas over the last 2,000 years. Co-written with Verhoeven's biographer Rob Van Scheers, the book is the culmination of the research Verhoeven conducted in preparation for Jesus: The Man, a motion picture about the life of Christ. The book tells about the Jewish uprising against Roman rule and characterizes Jesus
Jesus
as a radical political activist, downplaying any supernatural events and miracles as unproved or unprovable. Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth: A Realistic Portrait was released in September 2008 in Dutch and was published in English in May 2010 by Seven Stories Press .

Robert J. Miller, author of Born Divine, said about Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth, "Verhoeven breaks down the gospels...and reassembles them into a unique...reconstruction of the historical Jesus."

In April 2010, Verhoeven hinted that his next potential film project would be an adaptation of a "Hitchcockian" computer game set in 1914. Although he would not reveal the title, there was speculation that the project might be an adaptation of The Last Express , a 1997 game designed by Prince of Persia creator Jordan Mechner . In October 2011, Verhoeven confirmed The Last Express as the identity of the game in question, and revealed that he is even considering filming it in 3D. Mechner has gone on record as saying he is a fan of Verhoeven's Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth
Nazareth
(JON). Verhoeven's interpretation of JON will reportedly include Jesus
Jesus
as an exorcist, and a believer in the Kingdom of God on Earth.

FILMOGRAPHY

YEAR FILM DIRECTOR PRODUCER WRITER NOTES

1971 Business Is Business Yes

1973 Turkish Delight Yes

Nominated — Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Best Foreign Language Film

1975 Katie Tippel Yes

1977 Soldier of Orange Yes

Yes Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film

1980 Spetters Yes

1983 The Fourth Man Yes

1985 Flesh and Blood Yes

Yes

1987 RoboCop
RoboCop
Yes

Saturn Award for Best Director

1990 Total Recall Yes

Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Director

1992 Basic Instinct
Basic Instinct
Yes

Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Director

1995 Showgirls Yes

Razzie Award for Worst Director

1997 Starship Troopers Yes

Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Director

2000 Hollow Man Yes

2006 Black Book Yes

Yes Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language

2012 Entertainment Experience Yes

Yes

2016 Elle Yes

Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film

COLLABORATIONS

ACTORS

Verhoeven has cast several actors more than once.

Business Is Business Turkish Delight Katie Tippel Soldier of Orange SPETTERS The Fourth Man Flesh and Blood ROBOCOP Total Recall Basic Instinct SHOWGIRLS Starship Troopers Black Book Entertainment Experience ELLE

Marshall Bell

N

N

Christian Berkel

N

N

Peter Blok

N N

Mark Carlton

N N

Ronny Cox
Ronny Cox

N N

Andrea Domburg

N N

Michael Gregory

N N

Rutger Hauer

N N N N

N

Thom Hoffman

N

N

Michael Ironside
Michael Ironside

N

N

Jeroen Krabbé

N N N

Hannah de Leeuwe

N N

Derek de Lint

N

N

Jack McGee

N N

Dean Norris

N

N

William Shockley

N

N

Renée Soutendijk

N N

Sharon Stone
Sharon Stone

N N

Carry Tefsen N

N

Greg Travis

N N

Monique van de Ven

N N

Dolf de Vries

N

N

N

N

OTHER CREATIVE PROFESSIONS

Verhoeven has worked with composer Basil Poledouris on Flesh -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ "Turks fruit". Netherlands
Netherlands
Film Festival (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 February 2017. * ^ "Zwartboek beste film aller tijden" . Cinema.nl (in Dutch). 3 October 2008. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2010. * ^ Hartl, John (7 June 1985). "'The Fourth Man' is occult thriller that holds suspense". The Seattle Times
Seattle Times
. Seattle: Seattle Times Company. p. 22. * ^ Elliott, David (20 July 1984). "'The Fourth Man' is half-baked film". San Diego Union . access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ A B C Testelmans, Rob (2003). "Een beetje oorlog, best spannend" . De cinema van Paul Verhoeven: voorbij de controverse (in Dutch). Retrieved 17 October 2006. * ^ "What\'s new?". paulverhoeven.net. Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. * ^ " Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
profile". Wiskundemeisjes.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 February 2017. * ^ "Paul Verhoeven: Biography". gonemovies.com (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 29 January 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2017. * ^ "Winners & Nominees: Soldier of Orange". Hollywood
Hollywood
Foreign Press Association. 1980. Retrieved 3 February 2017. * ^ "1993 Nominees (B)". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 3 February 2017. * ^ "Razzie Awards (1996) on IMDB". * ^ Wiser, Paige (27 July 2004). "The beauty of 'Showgirls'". Chicago Sun-Times . * ^ " Showgirls DVD". MGM. 28 April 2007. Archived from the original on 28 April 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2010. * ^ "Gala van de Nederlandse Film". filmfestival.nl (in Dutch). 6 October 2006. Archived from the original on 4 January 2007. Retrieved 17 October 2006. * ^ "Winnaars Gouden Kalveren 2006". 6 October 2006. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 17 October 2006. * ^ "