The Info List - Paul Ryan

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Paul Davis Ryan Jr. (born January 29, 1970) is an American politician serving as the 54th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives since 2015. He was the Republican Party nominee for Vice President of the United States, running alongside former Massachusetts
governor Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
in the 2012 U.S. presidential election.[1][2] Ryan also has been the U.S. Representative for Wisconsin's 1st congressional district since 1999. He was previously chair of the House Ways and Means Committee from January 3 to October 29, 2015, and, before that, chair of the House Budget Committee
House Budget Committee
from 2011 to 2015. Ryan, together with Democratic Party U.S. Senator Patty Murray, negotiated the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013.[3][4][5] On October 29, 2015, Ryan was elected to replace John Boehner
John Boehner
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives following Boehner's retirement, becoming the first person from Wisconsin
to hold this position.[6] He named lobbyist John David Hoppe as his Chief of Staff.[7][8]


1 Early life and education 2 Early career 3 U.S. House of Representatives

3.1 Elections 3.2 Tenure 3.3 Committee assignments 3.4 Caucus memberships 3.5 Constituent services

4 2012 vice presidential campaign 5 Speaker of the House

5.1 2016 presidential election 5.2 115th Congress

6 Influence of the Objectivist philosophy of Ayn Rand 7 Political positions 8 Personal life 9 Awards and honors 10 Electoral history 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Early life and education Paul Davis Ryan Jr. was born in Janesville, Wisconsin, the youngest of four children of Elizabeth "Betty" Ann (née Hutter),[9] who later became an interior designer,[10] and Paul Davis Ryan, a lawyer. He is a fifth-generation Wisconsinite. His father was of Irish ancestry and his mother of German and English ancestry.[11] One of Ryan's paternal ancestors settled in Wisconsin
prior to the Civil War.[12] His great-grandfather, Patrick William Ryan (1858–1917), founded an earthmoving company in 1884, which later became P. W. Ryan and Sons and is now known as Ryan Incorporated Central.[13][14] Ryan's grandfather, Stanley M. Ryan (1898–1957), was appointed U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Wisconsin.[15][16] Ryan attended St. Mary's Catholic School in Janesville, where he played on the seventh-grade basketball team,[17] then attended Joseph A. Craig High School,[18] where he was elected president of his junior class, and thus became prom king.[19] As class president Ryan was a representative of the student body on the school board.[20] Following his second year, Ryan took a job working the grill at McDonald's.[20] He was on his high school's ski, track, and varsity soccer teams and played basketball in a Catholic recreational league.[21][22][23] He participated in several academic and social clubs including the Model United Nations.[20][21] Ryan and his family often went on hiking and skiing trips to the Colorado
Rocky Mountains.[24][16] When he was 16, Ryan found his 55-year-old father lying dead in bed of a heart attack.[16][20] Following the death of his father, Ryan's grandmother moved in with the family. As she had Alzheimer's, Ryan helped care for her while his mother commuted to college in Madison, Wisconsin.[20] From the time of his father's death until his 18th birthday, Ryan received Social Security survivors benefits, which were saved for his college education.[25][26][27] His mother remarried, to Bruce Douglas.[10][28] Ryan has a bachelor's degree in economics and political science from Miami University
Miami University
in Oxford, Ohio,[29] where he became interested in the writings of Friedrich Hayek, Ludwig von Mises, and Milton Friedman.[20] He often visited the office of libertarian professor Richard Hart to discuss the theories of these economists and of Ayn Rand.[20][30] Hart introduced Ryan to National Review,[20] and with Hart's recommendation Ryan began an internship in the D.C. office of Wisconsin
U.S. Senator Bob Kasten where he worked with Kasten's foreign affairs adviser.[20][31] He attended the Washington Semester program at American University.[32] Ryan worked summers as a salesman for Oscar Mayer
Oscar Mayer
and once got to drive the Wienermobile.[16][30][33] Ryan was a member of the College Republicans,[34] and volunteered for the congressional campaign of John Boehner.[30] He was a member of the Delta Tau Delta social fraternity.[35] Early career Betty Ryan reportedly urged her son to accept a congressional position as a legislative aide in Senator Kasten's office, which he did after graduating in 1992.[31][36][37] In his early years working on Capitol Hill, Ryan supplemented his income by working as a waiter, as a fitness trainer, and at other jobs.[16][33] A few months after Kasten lost to Democrat Russ Feingold
Russ Feingold
in the November 1992 election, Ryan became a speechwriter for Empower America (now FreedomWorks), a conservative advocacy group founded by Jack Kemp, Jeane Kirkpatrick, and William Bennett.[16][38][39] Ryan later worked as a speechwriter for Kemp,[40] the Republican vice presidential candidate in the 1996 United States presidential election. Kemp became Ryan's mentor, and Ryan has said he had a "huge influence".[41] In 1995, Ryan became the legislative director for then-U.S. Congressman Sam Brownback
Sam Brownback
of Kansas. In 1997 he returned to Wisconsin, where he worked for a year as a marketing consultant for the construction company Ryan Incorporated Central, owned by his relatives.[20][38][42] U.S. House of Representatives Elections Ryan was first elected to the House in 1998, winning the 1st District seat of Republican Mark Neumann, a two-term incumbent who had vacated his seat to make an unsuccessful bid for the U.S. Senate. Ryan won the Republican primary over 29-year-old pianist Michael J. Logan of Twin Lakes,[43] and the general election against Democrat Lydia Spottswood.[44] This made him the second-youngest member of the House.[20]

Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
with Chairman of the Republican Party of Wisconsin
Reince Priebus and his wife in 2008

Reelected eight times, Ryan has never received less than 55 percent of the vote. He defeated Democratic challenger Jeffrey C. Thomas in the 2000, 2002, 2004, and 2006 elections.[45] In the 2008 election, Ryan defeated Democrat Marge Krupp.[45] In the 2010 general election, he defeated Democrat John Heckenlively and Libertarian Joseph Kexel.[citation needed] In 2012, under Wisconsin
election law, Ryan was allowed to run concurrently for vice president and for Congress[46] and was not allowed to remove his name from the Congressional ballot after being nominated for the vice presidency.[47] He faced Democratic nominee Rob Zerban. As of July 25, 2012, Ryan had over $5.4 million in his congressional campaign account, more than any other House member.[48][49][50] He was reelected with 55 percent of his district's vote[51] and 44 percent of the vote in his hometown, Janesville.[52] Zerban again challenged Ryan in the 2014 House election.[53] Ryan won with 63 percent of his district's vote.[54] In the 2016 Republican primary election, Ryan faced businessman Paul Nehlen, who had been endorsed by Sarah Palin.[55] Because of Nehlen's support for Trump, Trump publicly thanked him on Twitter and later told The Washington Post
The Washington Post
that Nehlen was "running a very good campaign", even though he did not endorse him.[56][57][58] On August 5, 2016, Trump endorsed Ryan's re-election after pressure from fellow Republican leaders.[59] In the August 9, 2016 primary election,[60] Ryan overwhelmingly defeated Nehlen, taking over 84 percent of the vote.[61] In the November general election, Ryan faced Democrat Ryan Solen[61] and won with 65 percent of his district's vote.[62] Tenure

Official U.S. Congress portrait of Ryan in 2013.

Ryan became the ranking Republican member of the House Budget Committee in 2007,[63] then chairman in 2011 after Republicans took control of the House. That same year he was selected to deliver the Republican response to the State of the Union address.[64] During his 13 years in the House, Ryan was the primary sponsor of more than 70 bills or amendments,[65][66] of which only two were enacted into law.[67] One, passed in July 2000, renamed a post office in Ryan's district; the other, passed in December 2008, lowered the excise tax on arrow shafts.[68][69] Ryan has also co-sponsored 975 bills, of which 176 have passed; 22% of these bills were originally sponsored by a Democrat.[70][67] Ryan was a "reliable supporter of the [George W. Bush] administration's foreign policy priorities" who voted for the 2002 Iraq Resolution, authorizing the 2003 invasion of Iraq.[71] In 2010, Ryan was a member of the bipartisan National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform (Bowles-Simpson Commission), which was tasked with developing a plan to reduce the federal deficit. He voted against the final report of the commission.[72] In 2012, Ryan accused the nation's top military leaders of using "smoke and mirrors" to remain under budget limits passed by Congress.[73][74] Ryan later said that he misspoke on the issue and called General Martin Dempsey, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to apologize for his comments.[75] Committee assignments As Speaker of the House of Representatives, Ryan holds no chairmanship of any committee nor is he a member of any committee or subcommittee. Prior to his election, Ryan held the following assignments:

Committee on Ways and Means (Chairman)

Subcommittee on Health

Caucus memberships

House Republican Caucus Caucus of House Conservatives Republican Study Committee[76] International Conservation Caucus Middle East Economic Partnership Caucus Prayer Caucus Sportsmen's Caucus (Co-Chair)

Constituent services In fiscal year 2008, Ryan garnered $5.4 million in congressional earmarks for his constituency, including $3.28 million for bus service in Wisconsin, $1.38 million for the Ice Age Trail, and $735,000 for the Janesville transit system.[77] In 2009, he successfully advocated with the Department of Energy for stimulus funds for energy initiatives in his district.[77] Other home district projects he has supported include a runway extension at the Rock County Airport, an environmental study of the Kenosha Harbor, firefighting equipment for Janesville, road projects in Wisconsin, and commuter rail and streetcar projects in Kenosha. In 2008, Ryan pledged to stop seeking earmarks. Prior to that he had sought earmarks less often than other representatives.[78] Taxpayers for Common Sense records show no earmarks supported by Ryan for fiscal years 2009 and 2010.[77] In 2012, Ryan supported a request for $3.8 million from the Department of Transportation for a new transit center in Janesville,[78] which city officials received in July.[79] Ryan was an active member of a task force established by Wisconsin governor Jim Doyle
Jim Doyle
that tried unsuccessfully to persuade General Motors to keep its assembly plant in Janesville open. He made personal contact with GM executives to try to convince them to save or retool the plant, offering GM hundreds of millions of dollars of taxpayer-funded incentives.[80] Following the closure of factories in Janesville and Kenosha, constituents expressed dissatisfaction with Ryan's voting history.[81] During the 2011 Congressional summer break, Ryan held town hall meetings by telephone with constituents. The only public meetings Ryan attended in his district required an admission fee of at least $15.[82][83] In August 2011, constituents in Kenosha and Racine protested when Ryan would not meet with them about economic and employment issues, after weeks of emailed requests from them. His Kenosha office locked its doors and filed a complaint with the police, who told the protesters that they were not allowed in Ryan's office.[81][82][84] Ryan maintains a mobile office to serve constituents in outlying areas.[85] 2012 vice presidential campaign See also: Mitt Romney presidential campaign, 2012
Mitt Romney presidential campaign, 2012
and Republican Party vice presidential candidates, 2012

Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
with Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
after introducing him as his running mate, for the 2012 presidential election, in Norfolk, Virginia, on August 11, 2012

Dan Balz
Dan Balz
of The Washington Post
The Washington Post
wrote that Ryan was promoted as a candidate for Vice President "by major elements of the conservative opinion makers, including The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
editorial page, the Weekly Standard
Weekly Standard
and the editor of National Review".[86] On August 11, 2012, the Romney campaign officially announced Ryan as its choice for Vice President through its "Mitt's VP" mobile app[87] as well as by the social networking service Twitter,[citation needed] about 90 minutes before Romney's in-person introduction.[citation needed] Before the official announcement in Norfolk, Virginia, it was reported that Romney made his decision, and offered the position to Ryan on August 1, 2012,[88] the day after returning from a foreign policy trip through the United Kingdom, Poland, and Israel.[89] On August 11, 2012, Ryan formally accepted Romney's invitation to join his campaign as his running mate, in front of the USS Wisconsin
in Norfolk.[90] Ryan is the first individual from Wisconsin[91] as well as the first member of Generation X[92] to run on a major party's national ticket. Also in August 2012, the Associated Press
Associated Press
published a story saying that while the Tea Party movement
Tea Party movement
had wanted a nominee other than Romney, it had gotten "one of its ideological heroes" in the Vice Presidential slot. According to the article, Ryan supports the Tea Party's belief in "individual rights, distrust of big government and an allegorical embrace of the Founding Fathers".[93] According to a statistical-historical analysis conducted by Nate Silver, "Ryan is the most conservative Republican member of Congress to be picked for the vice-presidential slot since at least 1900" and "is also more conservative than any Democratic nominee [for vice president who previously served in the Congress] was liberal, meaning that he is the furthest from the center" of any vice presidential candidate chosen from Congress since the turn of the 20th century.[94] Political scientist Eric Schickler commented that while Ryan "may well be the most conservative vice presidential nominee in decades," the NOMINATE methodology "is not suited to making claims about the relative liberalism or conservatism of politicians" over a long time span.[95] A USA Today/Gallup poll found that 39% thought Ryan was an "excellent" or "pretty good" vice presidential choice, compared to 42% who felt he was a "fair" or "poor" choice.[96] Ryan formally accepted his nomination at the 2012 Republican National Convention on August 29, 2012.[97] In his acceptance speech, he promoted Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
as the presidential candidate, supported repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
(PPACA),[98] said that he and Romney had a plan to generate 12 million new jobs over the ensuing four years, and promoted founding principles as a solution: "We will not duck the tough issues—we will lead. We will not spend four years blaming others—we will take responsibility. We will not try to replace our founding principles, we will reapply our founding principles."[98] The speech was well received by the convention audience and praised for being well-delivered.[99][100] Some fact-checkers purported that there were important factual omissions and that he presented details out of context.[101][102][103][104] Conservative media (including Jennifer Rubin of The Washington Post,[105] the Investor's Business Daily,[106] and Fox News[107]) disputed some of the fact-checkers' findings. Politifact.com rated 33 of Ryan's statements which it suspected of being false or misleading as True: 10.5%, Mostly True: 18%, Half True: 21%, Mostly False: 36%, False: 9%, and Pants on Fire: 6%.[108] On October 11, 2012, Ryan debated his Democratic counterpart, incumbent Vice President Joe Biden, in the only vice presidential debate of the 2012 election cycle.[109][110] Romney and Ryan lost the 2012 presidential election, but Ryan retained his seat in the House of Representatives.[111][112] Speaker of the House See also: Speaker of the United States House of Representatives election, October 2015

Speaker Ryan (left) shakes hands as he ascends to office following the retirement of Speaker John Boehner
John Boehner

King Salman of Saudi Arabia
Salman of Saudi Arabia
speaks with Ryan in April 2016

On October 8, 2015, a push by congressional Republicans to recruit Ryan to run to succeed John Boehner
John Boehner
as Speaker of the House was initiated.[113] Boehner had recently announced his resignation and stated his support for Kevin McCarthy to be his replacement, which received wide support among Republicans, including Ryan, who was set to officially nominate him.[114] McCarthy withdrew his name from consideration on October 8 when it was apparent that the Freedom Caucus, a caucus of staunchly conservative House Republicans, would not support him. This led many Republicans to turn to Ryan as a compromise candidate. The push included a plea from Boehner, who reportedly told Ryan that he was the only person who could unite the House Republicans at a time of turmoil.[113] Ryan released a statement that said, "While I am grateful for the encouragement I've received, I will not be a candidate."[115] But on October 9, close aides of Ryan confirmed that Ryan had reconsidered, and was considering the possibility of a run.[116][117] Ryan confirmed on October 22 that he would seek the speakership after receiving the endorsements of two factions of House Republicans, including the conservative Freedom Caucus.[118][119] Ryan, upon confirming his bid for the speakership, stated, "I never thought I'd be speaker. But I pledged to you that if I could be a unifying figure, then I would serve -- I would go all in. After talking with so many of you, and hearing your words of encouragement, I believe we are ready to move forward as one, united team. And I am ready and eager to be our speaker."[120] On October 29, Ryan was elected Speaker with 236 votes.[121] He is the youngest Speaker since James G. Blaine
James G. Blaine
in 1875.[122] 2016 presidential election After Donald Trump
Donald Trump
became the presumptive Republican nominee in the 2016 presidential election on May 4, 2016, Ryan was hesitant to endorse him, stating on May 5 that he was "not ready".[123] Ryan and Trump met in private on May 12, releasing a joint statement afterward, acknowledging their differences but stating "we recognize that there are also many important areas of common ground."[124] On June 2, Ryan announced his support for Trump in an op-ed in The Janesville Gazette.[125] The following day, June 3, amid Trump's criticism of Judge Gonzalo P. Curiel, Ryan said Trump's critique "just was out of left field for my mind," and voiced disagreement with him.[126] On June 7, Ryan disavowed Trump's comments about Curiel because he believed they were "the textbook definition of a racist comment". Nevertheless, Ryan continued to endorse Trump, believing that more Republican policies will be enacted under Donald Trump
Donald Trump
than presumptive Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton.[127] On June 15, after Kevin McCarthy stated during a conversation among Republicans, "There's two people I think Putin pays: Rohrabacher and Trump." Ryan stated, "Swear to God ... No leaks. This is how we know we're a real family here."[128] On July 5, after FBI Director James Comey
James Comey
advocated against pressing charges against Clinton for her email scandal, Ryan said Comey's decision "defies explanation" and stated that "[d]eclining to prosecute Secretary Clinton for recklessly mishandling and transmitting national security information will set a terrible precedent."[129] Trump, after becoming the Republican presidential nominee, initially refused to endorse Ryan in his primary race for his congressional seat and "signaled support for Mr. Ryan's little-known primary opponent, Paul Nehlen" on August 1, 2016.[130] Nehlen had characterized Ryan's congressional service as filled with "cronyism and corruption."[131] Trump did endorse Ryan later that week.[132] Ryan easily won the Republican nomination in the primary election.

Ryan shaking hands with President Trump prior to his address to a joint session of Congress on February 28, 2017.

In October 2016, following the Donald Trump
Donald Trump
Access Hollywood controversy, Ryan disinvited Trump from a scheduled campaign rally,[133] and announced that he would no longer defend or support Trump's presidential campaign but would focus instead on Congressional races. He also freed down-ticket congress members to use their own judgment about Trump, saying "you all need to do what's best for you and your district."[134] Trump then went on to attack Ryan, accusing him and other "disloyal" Republicans of deliberately undermining his candidacy as part of "a whole sinister deal".[135][136] 115th Congress On February 7, 2017, Ryan told reporters a replacement for the Affordable Care Act would be introduced "this year" amid speculation President Trump would not act toward doing so until the following year.[137] On March 9, Ryan gave a 30-minute lecture explaining the American Health Care Act.[138] On March 30, Ryan said that he did not intend to work with Democrats on a repeal of the Affordable Care Act, reasoning their involvement would lead to "government running health care."[139] On April 4, Ryan confirmed renewed discussions of an Affordable Care Act replacement, but warned it was in the "conceptual" stages of its development, with an agreement not having been reached.[140] Two days later, Ryan said "real progress" had been made by Republicans, who he stated had united behind "a new amendment" that included a program on risk-sharing.[141] On May 3, Ryan said the Republicans were nearing enough votes to replace and repeal the Affordable Care Act during an interview with Hugh Hewitt.[142] The following day, the House narrowly voted for legislation to repeal the Affordable Care Act.[143] On May 9, Ryan said that "a month or two" would pass ahead of the Senate passing its own Affordable Care Act repeal and replacement legislation.[144] During a news conference on May 18, Ryan said Congress' goal was "calendared 2017 for tax reform" and reported progress was being made in doing so.[145] During a June 12 news conference, Ryan expressed support for sanctions on Russia: "I'm a Russia hawk. I believe in strong, bold Russia sanctions. We want to move this Russia sanctions bill."[146] Influence of the Objectivist philosophy of Ayn Rand At a 2005 Washington, D.C. gathering celebrating the 100th anniversary of Ayn Rand's birth,[147][148] Ryan has credited Rand with having inspired him to get involved in public service.[149] In a speech that same year at the Atlas Society, he said he grew up reading Rand, and that her books taught him about his value system and beliefs.[150][151] Ryan required staffers and interns in his congressional office to read Rand[151] and gave copies of her novel Atlas Shrugged
Atlas Shrugged
as gifts to his staff for Christmas.[152][153] In his Atlas Society speech, he also described Social Security as a "socialist-based system".[154] In 2009, Ryan said, "What's unique about what's happening today in government, in the world, in America, is that it's as if we're living in an Ayn Rand
Ayn Rand
novel right now. I think Ayn Rand
Ayn Rand
did the best job of anybody to build a moral case of capitalism, and that morality of capitalism is under assault."[152] In April 2012, after receiving criticism from Georgetown University faculty members on his budget plan, Ryan rejected Rand's philosophy as atheistic, saying it "reduces human interactions down to mere contracts".[155] He also called the reports of his adherence to Rand's views an "urban legend" and stated that he was deeply influenced by his Roman Catholic faith and by Thomas Aquinas.[156] Yaron Brook, executive director of the Ayn Rand
Ayn Rand
Institute, maintains that Ryan is not a Rand disciple, and that some of his proposals do not follow Rand's philosophy of limited government; Brook refers to Ryan as a "fiscal moderate".[157] Political positions Main article: Political positions of Paul Ryan Ryan's political positions are generally conservative, with a focus on fiscal policy.[158] Ryan "played a central role in nearly all" the policy debates of the period 2010-2012.[158] Ryan subscribes to supply-side economics and supports tax cuts including eliminating the capital gains tax, the corporate income tax, the estate tax, and the Alternative Minimum Tax.[159][160][161] Ryan supports deregulation, including the Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act
Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act
of 1999, which repealed some financial regulation of banks from the Glass–Steagall Act of 1933.[162] During the economic recovery from the Great Recession of the late 2000s, Ryan supported the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), which authorized the Treasury to purchase toxic assets from banks and other financial institutions, and the auto industry bailout; Ryan opposed the Credit CARD Act of 2009, which expanded consumer protections regarding credit card plans, and the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, which strengthened financial regulation.[162][163][164] Ryan believes federal poverty reduction programs are ineffective and he supports cuts to welfare, child care, Pell Grants, food stamps, and other federal assistance programs.[165][166][167] Ryan supports block granting Medicaid
to the states and the privatization of social security and Medicare.[149][159][160][168] Ryan supported the Medicare Part D prescription drug benefit and opposes the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), also known as "Obamacare."[162][169][170] Ryan supported the American Health Care Act of 2017 (AHCA), the 2017 House Republican plan to repeal and replace the ACA.[171][172] In 2012, The New York Times
The New York Times
said Ryan was "his party’s most forceful spokesman for cutting entitlement spending."[158] Ryan's non-fiscal policy positions were subject to additional national attention with his 2012 candidacy for Vice President.[173] Ryan is pro-life and opposes abortion rights.[174][175] Ryan opposed the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009, which bolstered women's rights to equal pay for equal work.[176][177] Ryan supports civil unions and opposes same-sex marriage.[173][178] Ryan supports school vouchers, and supported the No Child Left Behind Act in 2001 and its repeal the Every Student Succeeds Act
Every Student Succeeds Act
in 2015.[179][180] Ryan is unsure, and believes climate scientists are unsure, of the impact of human activity on climate change.[181][182] Ryan supports tax incentives for the petroleum industry and opposes them for renewable energy.[169][183] Ryan supports gun rights and opposes stricter gun control.[173][184] Ryan supported the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.[162][185] Personal life

Ryan with his wife and family on the Speaker's balcony at the U.S. Capitol, following his election in October 2015.

Ryan married Janna Christine Little,[186] a tax attorney,[25] in December 2000.[187] Little, a native of Oklahoma hailing from Madill,[188] is a graduate of Wellesley College
Wellesley College
and George Washington University Law School.[25] Her cousin is former Democratic Representative Dan Boren
Dan Boren
(D-OK).[189] The Ryans live in the Courthouse Hill Historic District of Janesville, Wisconsin.[21] They have three children: Elizabeth "Liza" Anne, Charles Wilson, and Samuel Lowery.[190][191] A Roman Catholic, Ryan is a member of St. John Vianney Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in Janesville.[192] Due to a family history of fatal heart attacks before age 60, Ryan pursues an intense cross-training fitness program called P90X.[193] Ryan has always been a fitness enthusiast and was a personal trainer when he came out of college. About P90X, he said, "It works because it's called muscle confusion. It hits your body in many different ways. Pull-ups, push-ups, sit-ups, lots of cardio, karate, jump training. It has results, it works. It's a good workout."[194][195] In a 2010 Politico
interview he said that he weighed 163 pounds and maintained his body fat percentage between 6 and 8%. Tony Horton, creator of P90X, who has personally trained Ryan many times, reiterated the claim saying, "He is very, very, very lean. I know what 6 to 8 percent body fat looks like, and there's no fat anywhere on the man. I'm around 9 percent and he's much leaner than I am. He’s easily 6 to 8 percent body fat. You just have to eat right and exercise every day, and that’s what he does."[194][195][196] In a radio interview Ryan claimed he had once run a marathon in under three hours;[197] he later stated that he forgot his actual time and was just trying to state what he thought was a normal time.[198] His one official marathon time is recorded as slightly over four hours.[199][200] Awards and honors

2004, 2010 – Guardian of Small Business Award, National Federation of Independent Business[201][202] 2008 – Defending the American Dream Award, Americans for Prosperity, Wisconsin
chapter[203] 2009 – Manufacturing Legislative Excellence Award, National Association of Manufacturers[204] 2009 – Honorary Degree, Miami University[29][205] 2010 – Legislator of the Year Award, International Franchise Association[206] 2011 – Statesmanship Award, Claremont Institute[207] 2011 – Fiscy Award for responsible financial stewardship and fiscal discipline in government.[208][209] 2011 – Leadership Award, Jack Kemp
Jack Kemp
Foundation[210] 2011 – Freedom and Prosperity Award, Mason Contractors Association of America[211] 2012 – Chair, Honorary Board of the Archery Trade Association[212] 2014 – Alexander Hamilton Award, Manhattan Institute for Policy Research[213]

Electoral history See also: Electoral history of Paul Ryan

Year Office District Democratic Republican Other

1998 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin's 1st district Lydia Spottswood 43% Paul Ryan 57%

2000 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin's 1st district Jeffrey Thomas 33% Paul Ryan 67%

2002 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin's 1st district Jeffrey Thomas 31% Paul Ryan 67% George Meyers (L) 2%

2004 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin's 1st district Jeffrey Thomas 33% Paul Ryan 65%

2006 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin's 1st district Jeffrey Thomas 37% Paul Ryan 63%

2008 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin's 1st district Marge Krupp 35% Paul Ryan 64% Joseph Kexel (L) 1%

2010 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin's 1st district John Heckenlively 30% Paul Ryan 68% Joseph Kexel (L) 2%

2012 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin's 1st district Rob Zerban 43% Paul Ryan 55% Keith Deschler (L) 2%

2012 Vice President of the United States United States of America Joe Biden 51% Paul Ryan 47% James P. Gray
James P. Gray
(L) 1%

2014 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin's 1st district Rob Zerban 37% Paul Ryan 63%

2015 Speaker of the House U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi 42% Paul Ryan 54% Daniel Webster (R) 2%

2016 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin's 1st district Ryan Solen 30% Paul Ryan 65% Spencer Zimmerman (I) 3%

2017 Speaker of the House U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi 43.6% Paul Ryan 55.2% Tim Ryan (D) 0.5%


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– 1st District". Cqpolitics.com. November 4, 2008. Archived from the original on August 26, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2012.  ^ Craver, Jack (August 11, 2012). "Could Paul Ryan
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Paul Ryan
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Paul Ryan
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Channel. October 12, 2012.  ^ "Full Transcript of the Vice-Presidential Debate". The New York Times. October 11, 2012.  ^ Gregory Korte; Jackie Kucinich (November 7, 2012). " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
loses vice presidential bid, keeps House seat". USA Today. Retrieved January 28, 2013.  ^ "Ryan loses VP but wins re-election in Wisconsin". Fox News
Fox News
Channel. Associated Press. January 7, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2013.  ^ a b Costa, Robert; Helderman, Rosalind S.; DeBonis, Mike (October 8, 2015). "House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy drops out of race for House speaker". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 8, 2015.  ^ Steinhauer, Jennifer; Herszenhorn, David M. (October 8, 2015). "Kevin McCarthy Drops Out of House Speaker Race, Creating G.O.P. Chaos". The New York Times. Retrieved October 8, 2015.  ^ Slack, Donovan (October 8, 2015). "Rep. Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
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Paul Ryan
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Paul Ryan
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Donald Trump
Refuses to Endorse Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
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Paul Ryan
said he won't defend Donald Trump". CNN. Retrieved October 10, 2016. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ "Trump intensifies attacks on Ryan with four weeks left until Election Day". Reuters. October 12, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2016.  ^ "Trump's Hill surrogates: Stop attacking Ryan". Politico. October 12, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2016.  ^ Walsh, Deirde (February 7, 2017). "Ryan insists Obamacare replacement will pass this year". CNN.  ^ Walsh, Deirdre. "Paul Ryan's TED talk ignores conservative split on GOP health care bill". CNN.  ^ Howell, Jr., Tom (March 30, 2017). "Speaker Ryan rules out working with Democrats on health care". Washington Times.  ^ "Speaker Ryan: Revived health care talks still in 'conceptual stage'". Washington Times. April 4, 2017.  ^ "House Republicans consider adding risk-sharing program to health care bill". CBS News. April 6, 2017.  ^ Nelson, Louis (May 3, 2017). "Paul Ryan: We're 'extremely close' to having the votes to pass Obamacare repeal". Politico.  ^ "H.R.1628 - American Health Care Act
American Health Care Act
of 2017". www.congress.gov. May 4, 2017.  ^ Nelson, Louis (May 9, 2017). "Ryan predicts Senate will pass Obamacare repeal in 'a month or two'". Politico.  ^ Bade, Rachael (May 18, 2017). "Ryan: Tax reform is happening in 2017". Politico.  ^ Kelly, Erin (July 12, 2017). "Paul Ryan: Russian meddling in U.S. election is 'absolutely unacceptable'". USA Today.  ^ Frel, Jan (August 13, 2012). "Ryan's Ayn Rand
Ayn Rand
obsession". AlterNet. Retrieved September 1, 2012.  ^ Crowther, Hal (August 17, 2011). "Why does the right wing worship Ayn Rand?". Indy Week. Retrieved October 23, 2012.  ^ a b Gilbert, Craig (April 25, 2009). "Ryan shines as GOP seeks vision; His youth, talent, conservative politics excite party leaders". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012.  ^ The Atlas Society, " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
And Ayn Rand's Ideas: In The Hot Seat Again", April 30, 2012; retrieved August 13, 2012. ^ a b Elspeth Reeve, "Audio Surfaces of Paul Ryan's Effusive Love of Ayn Rand", The Atlantic, April 30, 2012; retrieved August 13, 2012. ^ a b Mayer, Jane (August 11, 2012). " Ayn Rand
Ayn Rand
Joins the Ticket". The New Yorker. Retrieved August 15, 2012.  ^ Christopher Beam (December 26, 2010). "The Trouble With Liberty". New York.  ^ Kaczynski, Andrew (September 21, 2012). "Paul Ryan's Ayn Rand Moment". BuzzFeed. Retrieved October 6, 2012.  ^ Ungar, Rick (April 26, 2012). "Ryan Now Rejects Ayn Rand-Will The Real Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
Please Come Forward?". Forbes.  ^ Costa, Robert (April 26, 2012). "Ryan Shrugged". National Review Online.  ^ Brook, Yaron (August 15, 2012). " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
Is No Ayn Rand
Ayn Rand
Disciple: He's a Fiscal Moderate". capitalism.aynrand.org. aynrand.org. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ a b c Steinhauer, Jennifer; Rutenberg, Jim; McIntire, Mike; Gay Stolbergaug, Sheryl (August 13, 2012). "Conservative Star's Small-Town Roots". The New York Times. Retrieved February 17, 2017.  ^ a b Ambinder, Marc (March 11, 2010). "If Paul Ryan's Roadmap Is the Republican Way, Why Aren't Republicans Driving on it?". The Atlantic.  ^ a b Von Drehle, David (December 14, 2011). "Paul Ryan: The Prophet". Time. Retrieved February 15, 2017.  ^ Ryan, Paul (January 2010). "A Roadmap for America's Future (version 2.0)" (PDF). Retrieved September 29, 2012.  ^ a b c d "Getting to know VP candidate Paul Ryan". MSNBC. April 7, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2017.  ^ "Rep. Ryan built 'clear-minded' reputation as policy point-person, despite 'extreme' label". Fox News. August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.  ^ Ryan, Paul (May 20, 2010). "Wall Street "Reform" Just More Crony Capitalism". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved July 12, 2017.  ^ "The War on Poverty: 50 Years Later". Budget Committee of the House of Representatives. Retrieved March 6, 2014.  ^ Mascaro, Lisa (March 3, 2014). "Rep. Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
calls for cuts in anti-poverty programs". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 6, 2014.  ^ " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
Gets Serious About Poverty". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. March 6, 2014. Retrieved March 9, 2014.  ^ Chait, Jonathan (April 29, 2012). "The Legendary Paul Ryan". New York. Retrieved February 20, 2017.  ^ a b Hayes, Stephen F. (July 23, 2012). "Man with a Plan". The Weekly Standard. Retrieved February 19, 2017.  ^ Lee, Suevon (September 14, 2012). "Where the Candidates Stand on Medicare and Medicaid". Scientific American. ProPublica. Retrieved February 21, 2017.  ^ Kaplan, Thomas; Pear, Robert (May 4, 2017). "House Passes Measure to Repeal and Replace the Affordable Care Act". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2017.  ^ Lee, MJ (May 4, 2017). "House Republicans pass bill to repeal and replace Obamacare". CNN. Retrieved May 4, 2017.  ^ a b c Pear, Robert (August 12, 2012). "As Ryan Looks to Focus on Economy, Spotlight Shines on His Other Views". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2017.  ^ Goldberg, Michelle (August 11, 2012), "Paul Ryan's Extreme Abortion Views", The Daily Beast, retrieved August 16, 2012  ^ Homan, Timothy R. & Walsh, Steve (August 22, 2012). "Ryan's Record of Abortion Opposition Consistent With Akin's". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved August 27, 2012. (subscription required) ^ Abdullah, Halimah; Brennan, Allison (October 20, 2012). "Obama, Romney equal on gender pay inequality". CNN. Retrieved February 12, 2017.  ^ Falone, Michael (October 17, 2012). "Romney Campaign Wavers On Lilly Ledbetter Act". ABC News. Retrieved February 12, 2017.  ^ Blake, Aaron (August 12, 2012), "Five issues where Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
and Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
differ", The Washington Post, retrieved August 17, 2012  ^ Strauss, Valerie (August 11, 2012). " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
on education policy: vouchers, for-profit colleges, local control". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 12, 2017.  ^ Layton, Lyndsey (December 10, 2015). "Obama signs new K-12 education law that ends No Child Left Behind". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 13, 2016.  ^ Confessore, Nicholas (August 14, 2012). "Ryan has Kept Close Ties to Donors on the Right". The New York Times. Retrieved February 18, 2017.  ^ Worland, Justin (October 14, 2014). " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
Says Humans May Not Cause Climate Change". Time. Retrieved January 22, 2017.  ^ Efstathiou, Jr., Jim (August 14, 2012). "Ryan Energy Views Seen Easing Conservatives' Worries". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ Barrett, Ted; Cohen, Tom (May 25, 2011). "Senate rejects budget measure containing medicare overhaul". CNN. Retrieved February 13, 2017.  ^ Crawford, Jamie (August 13, 2012). "Ryan's foreign policy views shaped by his budget battles". CNN.  ^ Wilkie, Christina (16 August 2012). "Janna Ryan, Paul Ryan's Wife, Lobbied For Cigar, Nuclear, Pharmaceutical Industries". The Huffington Post.  ^ Saulny, Susan (August 23, 2012). "For the Ryans, a Union Across Political Lines". The New York Times. Retrieved September 3, 2012.  ^ Steinmetz, Katy (12 August 2012). "A Brief Introduction to Janna Ryan, Potential Second Lady". Time.  ^ Krissah Thompson (August 13, 2012). "Janna Ryan steps lightly into national spotlight". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 21, 2012.  ^ " Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
to Announce Vice-President Choice Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
This Morning at 8:45 ET in Norfolk, VA". Theodore's World. 11 August 2012.  ^ Epstein, Emily Anne (August 11, 2012). " Wisconsin
full-time mom thrust into the vice presidential spotlight". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved August 11, 2012.  ^ Burke, Daniel (August 15, 2012). "Paul Ryan, Joe Biden: A tale of two Catholics". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 17, 2012.  ^ Janice Lloyd, "Mitt Romney's running mate Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
could run circles around most of us in the gym," USA Today. Retrieved August 17, 2012. ^ a b Allen, Mike (March 27, 2010). "Interview with Paul Ryan". Politico. Youtube. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ a b Spector, Dina (September 27, 2012). " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
Can Thank This 54-Year-Old Man For His Ripped Body". Business Insider. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ Gifford, Bill (September 17, 2012). "Paul Ryan, Ubermensch". Slate. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
Interview". hughhewitt.com. August 22, 2012.  ^ Wing, Nick (May 9, 2012). " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
Explains Marathon Time Snafu: I Made Up What I Thought Was 'An Ordinary Time'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 23, 2012.  ^ "Paul Ryan's marathon lie". Salon. September 2, 2012.  ^ " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
Has Not Run Sub-3:00 Marathon". Runner's World. August 31, 2012. Archived from the original on September 1, 2012.  ^ "NFIB declares Ryan a 'Guardian of Small Business'". October 14, 2004. Retrieved August 15, 2012.  ^ "Members of Congress Honored as Guardians of Small Business by NFIB" (Press release). National Federation of Independent Business. September 23, 2010. Retrieved August 12, 2012.  ^ Bottari, Mary (August 13, 2012). "Paul Ryan: Bankrolled by the Banksters, the Privatizers, and the Kochs". PR Watch. Center for Media and Democracy. Retrieved August 19, 2012.  ^ "Rep. Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
Honored for Supporting the Manufacturing Agenda". The Janesville Gazette. March 10, 2009. Retrieved August 12, 2012.  ^ "Driehaus, Oxley, Ryan to receive honorary degrees from Miami U". Cincinnati Business Courier. May 4, 2009. Retrieved August 12, 2012.  ^ "Sen. Lincoln and Rep. Ryan Selected as 2010 Legislators of the Year During Annual IFA Legislative Conference" (Press release). International Franchise Association. September 13, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2012.  ^ "The Claremont Institute's Dinner in Honor of Sir Winston Churchill". Claremont Institute. Archived from the original on May 28, 2013. Retrieved August 13, 2012.  ^ "Sen. Kent Conrad, Rep. Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
and Gov. Mitch Daniels
Mitch Daniels
Named as the 2011 Fiscy Award Recipients" (Press release). The Fiscy Awards Committee. December 16, 2010. Archived from the original on January 14, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2012.  ^ "Indiana Gov. Daniels wins fiscal responsibility award". Associated Press. January 4, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2012.  ^ " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
honored by Jack Kemp
Jack Kemp
Foundation". The Washington Post. October 26, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2012.  ^ Keelen, Matthew B.; Falencki, Michael J. (June 2011). "MCAA Legislative Conference Recap". Masonry Magazine. Retrieved August 13, 2012.  ^ "ATA NEWS AND RESOURCES ON CONGRESSMAN PAUL RYAN" (Press release). August 11, 2012. Archived from the original on April 27, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2012.  ^ "Alexander Hamilton 2014 Award Dinner". Manhattan Institute. Retrieved April 15, 2016. 

Further reading Works about Ryan

Klein, Ezra (August 13, 2012). "Wonkbook: Everything you need to know about Paul Ryan". The Washington Post.  ProPublica
(August 15, 2012). " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
Reading Guide: The Best Reporting on the VP Candidate". ProPublica.  Mitchell, Daniel (August 15, 2012). "What's Really in the Ryan Budget". The Wall Street Journal.  Serafini, Marilyn Werber (August 16, 2012). "Primer: How Paul Ryan Proposes To Change Medicare". PBS NewsHour.  Semuels, Alana (August 17, 2012). " Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
now says his office requested stimulus funds". Los Angeles Times. 

Works by Ryan

Ryan, Paul (2014). The Way Forward: Renewing the American Idea. Twelve. ISBN 978-1-4555-5756-1.  Cantor, Eric; Ryan, Paul; McCarthy, Kevin (2010). Young Guns: A New Generation of Conservative Leaders. New York: Threshold Editions. ISBN 978-1-4516-0734-5. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Ryan, Paul D. (February 13, 2009). "Thirty Years Later, a Return to Stagflation". The New York Times.  Ryan, Paul D. (January 26, 2010). "A GOP Road Map for America's Future". The Wall Street Journal.  Ryan, Paul D. (April 5, 2011). "The GOP Path to Prosperity". The Wall Street Journal. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to U.S. Rep. Paul Ryan.

Congressman Paul Ryan
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official U.S. House site Paul Ryan
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for U.S. Congress official campaign site Paul Ryan
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at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Appearances on C-SPAN Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
on IMDb

Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Profile at Project Vote Smart Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress Paul Ryan, Wisconsin
Historical Society

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Mark Neumann Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin's 1st congressional district January 3, 1999 – present Incumbent

Preceded by John Spratt Chair of the House Budget Committee 2011–2015 Succeeded by Tom Price

Preceded by Dave Camp Chair of the House Ways and Means Committee 2015 Succeeded by Sam Johnson (acting)

Preceded by Ron Wyden Chair of the Joint Taxation Committee 2015

Party political offices

Preceded by Bob McDonnell Response to the State of the Union address 2011 Succeeded by Mitch Daniels

Preceded by Sarah Palin Republican nominee for Vice President of the United States 2012 Succeeded by Mike Pence

Preceded by John Boehner House Republican Leader 2015–present Incumbent

Political offices

Preceded by John Boehner Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives 2015–present Incumbent

Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)

Preceded by Governor of state in which event is held Order of Precedence of the United States as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives Succeeded by John Roberts as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

Preceded by Otherwise Mike Pence as Vice President

Current U.S. presidential line of succession

Preceded by Mike Pence as Vice President 3rd in line as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives Succeeded by Orrin Hatch as President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate

Articles related to Paul Ryan

v t e

Wisconsin's delegation(s) to the 106th–115th United States Congresses (ordered by seniority)

106th Senate: H. Kohl • R. Feingold House: D. Obey • J. Sensenbrenner • T. Petri • J. Kleczka • R. Kind • T. Baldwin • M. Green • P. Ryan

107th Senate: H. Kohl • R. Feingold House: D. Obey • J. Sensenbrenner • T. Petri • J. Kleczka • R. Kind • T. Baldwin • M. Green • P. Ryan

108th Senate: H. Kohl • R. Feingold House: D. Obey • J. Sensenbrenner • T. Petri • J. Kleczka • R. Kind • T. Baldwin • M. Green • P. Ryan

109th Senate: H. Kohl • R. Feingold House: D. Obey • J. Sensenbrenner • T. Petri • R. Kind • T. Baldwin • M. Green • P. Ryan • G. Moore

110th Senate: H. Kohl • R. Feingold House: D. Obey • J. Sensenbrenner • T. Petri • R. Kind • T. Baldwin • P. Ryan • G. Moore • S. Kagen

111th Senate: H. Kohl • R. Feingold House: D. Obey • J. Sensenbrenner • T. Petri • R. Kind • T. Baldwin • P. Ryan • G. Moore • S. Kagen

112th Senate: H. Kohl • R. Johnson House: J. Sensenbrenner • T. Petri • R. Kind • T. Baldwin • P. Ryan • G. Moore • S. Duffy • R. Ribble

113th Senate: R. Johnson • T. Baldwin House: J. Sensenbrenner • T. Petri • R. Kind • P. Ryan • G. Moore • S. Duffy • R. Ribble • M. Pocan

114th Senate: R. Johnson • T. Baldwin House: J. Sensenbrenner • R. Kind • P. Ryan • G. Moore • S. Duffy • R. Ribble • M. Pocan • G. Grothman

115th Senate: R. Johnson • T. Baldwin House: J. Sensenbrenner • R. Kind • P. Ryan • G. Moore • S. Duffy • M. Pocan • G. Grothman • M. Gallagher

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Wisconsin's current delegation to the United States Congress


Ron Johnson (R) Tammy Baldwin
Tammy Baldwin

Representatives (ordered by district)

Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
(R) Mark Pocan
Mark Pocan
(D) Ron Kind
Ron Kind
(D) Gwen Moore
Gwen Moore
(D) Jim Sensenbrenner
Jim Sensenbrenner
(R) Glenn Grothman
Glenn Grothman
(R) Sean Duffy
Sean Duffy
(R) Mike Gallagher (R)

Other states' delegations

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Non-voting delegations

American Samoa District of Columbia Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico U.S. Virgin Islands

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Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

Muhlenberg Trumbull Dayton Sedgwick Macon Varnum Clay Cheves Taylor Barbour Stevenson Bell Polk Hunter White Jones Davis Winthrop Cobb Boyd Banks Orr Pennington Grow Colfax Pomeroy Blaine Kerr Randall Keifer Carlisle Reed Crisp Henderson Cannon Clark Gillett Longworth Garner Rainey Byrns Bankhead Rayburn Martin McCormack Albert O'Neill Wright Foley Gingrich Hastert Pelosi Boehner Ryan

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Current leadership of the United States House of Representatives

Speaker: Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan

Majority (Republican) Minority (Democratic)

Kevin McCarthy (Leader) Steve Scalise
Steve Scalise
(Whip) Cathy McMorris Rodgers (Conference Chair) Doug Collins (Conference Vice Chair) Jason Smith (Conference Secretary) Luke Messer
Luke Messer
(Policy Committee Chair) Steve Stivers
Steve Stivers
(Campaign Committee Chair) Patrick McHenry
Patrick McHenry
(Chief Deputy Whip)

Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
(Leader) Steny Hoyer
Steny Hoyer
(Whip) Jim Clyburn
Jim Clyburn
(Assistant Leader) Joe Crowley (Caucus Chair) Linda Sánchez
Linda Sánchez
(Caucus Vice Chair) Cheri Bustos, David Cicilline, Hakeem Jeffries
Hakeem Jeffries
(Policy/Communications Committee Co-Chairs) Ben Luján (Campaign Committee Chair) Rosa DeLauro, Eric Swalwell
Eric Swalwell
(Steering/Policy Committee Co-Chairs) John Lewis (Senior Chief Deputy Whip)

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Presidential line of succession in the United States of America

Vice President (Mike Pence) Speaker of the House of Representatives (Paul Ryan) President pro tempore of the Senate (Orrin Hatch) Secretary of State (John Sullivan[a]) Secretary of the Treasury (Steven Mnuchin) Secretary of Defense (Jim Mattis) Attorney General (Jeff Sessions) Secretary of the Interior (Ryan Zinke) Secretary of Agriculture (Sonny Perdue) Secretary of Commerce (Wilbur Ross) Secretary of Labor (Alex Acosta) Secretary of Health and Human Services (Alex Azar) Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (Ben Carson) Secretary of Transportation (Elaine Chao[b]) Secretary of Energy (Rick Perry) Secretary of Education (Betsy DeVos) Secretary of Veterans Affairs (Robert Wilkie) Secretary of Homeland Security (Kirstjen Nielsen)

^ Sullivan serves as the Acting Secretary of State, and is thus ineligible for the presidency. Mike Pompeo
Mike Pompeo
has been formally nominated for the position by Donald Trump. ^ Although Elaine Chao
Elaine Chao
is the current Secretary of Transportation, she is not a natural-born citizen (acquired U.S. citizenship by naturalization) and thus ineligible for the presidency.

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Current Members of the United States House of Representatives

Presiding Officer: Speaker Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan

Majority party

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Current Republican Party conference

Majority Leader: Kevin McCarthy, Majority Whip: Steve Scalise

Other members: Abraham Aderholt Allen Amash Amodei Arrington Babin Bacon Banks Barletta Barr Barton Bergman Biggs Bilirakis M. Bishop R. Bishop Black Blackburn Blum Bost Brady Brat Bridenstine M. Brooks S. Brooks Buchanan Buck Bucshon Budd Burgess Byrne Calvert B. Carter J. Carter Chabot Cheney Coffman Cole C. Collins D. Collins Comer Comstock Conaway Cook Costello Cramer Crawford Culberson Curbelo Curtis Davidson Davis Denham Dent DeSantis DesJarlais Diaz-Balart Donovan Duffy Je. Duncan Ji. Duncan Dunn Emmer Estes Faso Ferguson Fitzpatrick Fleischmann Flores Fortenberry Foxx Frelinghuysen Gaetz Gallagher Garrett Gianforte Gibbs Gohmert Goodlatte Gosar Gowdy Granger G. Graves S. Graves T. Graves Griffith Grothman Guthrie Handel Harper Harris Hartzler Hensarling Herrera Beutler Hice Higgins Hill Holding Hollingsworth Hudson Huizenga Hultgren Hunter Hurd Issa E. Jenkins L. Jenkins B. Johnson M. Johnson S. Johnson Jones Jordan Joyce Katko M. Kelly T. Kelly P. King S. King Kinzinger Knight Kustoff Labrador LaHood LaMalfa Lamborn Lance Latta Lewis LoBiondo Long Loudermilk Love Lucas Luetkemeyer MacArthur Marchant Marino Marshall Massie Mast McCaul McClintock McHenry McKinley McMorris Rodgers McSally Meadows Meehan Messer Mitchell Moolenaar Mooney Mullin Newhouse Noem Norman Nunes Olson Palazzo Palmer Paulsen Pearce Perry Pittenger Poe Poliquin Posey Ratcliffe Reed Reichert Renacci Rice Roby Roe H. Rogers M. Rogers Rohrabacher Rokita F. Rooney T. Rooney Ros-Lehtinen Roskam Ross Rothfus Rouzer Royce Russell Rutherford Sanford Schweikert Scott Sensenbrenner Sessions Shimkus Shuster Simpson A. Smith C. Smith J. Smith L. Smith Smucker Stefanik Stewart Stivers Taylor Tenney Thompson Thornberry Tipton Trott Turner Upton Valadao Wagner Walberg Walden Walker Walorski Walters Weber Webster Wenstrup Westerman Williams Wilson Wittman Womack Woodall Yoder Yoho Da. Young Do. Young Zeldin

Delegates: González Radewagen

Minority party

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Current Democratic Party caucus

Minority Leader: Nancy Pelosi, Minority Whip: Steny Hoyer, Assistant Minority Leader: Jim Clyburn

Other members: Adams Aguilar Barragán Bass Beatty Bera Beyer Bishop Blumenauer Blunt Rochester Bonamici Boyle Brady Brown Brownley Bustos Butterfield Capuano Carbajal Cardenas Carson Cartwright Castor Castro Chu Cicilline Clark Clarke Clay Cleaver Cohen Connolly Cooper Correa Costa Courtney Crist Crowley Cuellar Cummings D. Davis S. Davis DeFazio DeGette Delaney DeLauro DelBene Demings DeSaulnier Deutch Dingell Doggett Doyle Ellison Engel Eshoo Espaillat Esty Evans Foster Frankel Fudge Gabbard Gallego Garamendi Gomez González Gottheimer A. Green G. Green Grijalva Gutiérrez Hanabusa Hastings Heck Higgins Himes Huffman Jayapal Jeffries E. Johnson H. Johnson Kaptur Keating Kelly Kennedy Khanna Kihuen Kildee Kilmer Kind Krishnamoorthi Kuster Langevin Larsen Larson Lawrence Lawson B. Lee S. Lee Levin Lewis Lieu Lipinski Loebsack Lofgren Lowenthal Lowey Luján Lujan Grisham Lynch C. Maloney S. Maloney Matsui McCollum McEachin McGovern McNerney Meeks Meng Moore Moulton Murphy Nadler Napolitano Neal Nolan Norcross O'Halleran O'Rourke Pallone Panetta Pascrell Payne Perlmutter Peters Peterson Pingree Pocan Polis Price Quigley Raskin Rice Richmond Rosen Roybal-Allard Ruiz Ruppersberger Rush Ryan Sánchez Sarbanes Schakowsky Schiff Schneider Schrader D. Scott R. Scott Serrano Sewell Shea-Porter Sherman Sinema Sires Smith Soto Speier Suozzi Swalwell Takano B. Thompson M. Thompson Titus Tonko Torres Tsongas Vargas Veasey Vela Velázquez Visclosky Walz Wasserman Schultz Waters Watson Coleman Welch Wilson Yarmuth

Delegates: Bordallo Norton Plaskett Sablan

115th United States Congress Acts of the 115th United States Congress
United States Congress
via Wikisource

v t e

Chairmen of the United States House Committee on the Budget

Ullman Adams Giaimo Jones Gray Panetta Sabo Kasich Nussle Spratt Ryan Price Black Womack

v t e

Chairmen of the United States House Committee on Ways and Means

Fitzsimons W. Smith Harper Griswold Randolph Clay G. Campbell Eppes Bacon Cheves Eppes Lowndes S. Smith McLane Randolph McDuffie Verplanck Polk Cambreleng J. W. Jones Fillmore McKay Vinton Bayly Houston L. Campbell J. G. Jones Phelps Sherman Stevens Morrill Schenck Hooper Dawes Morrison Wood Tucker Kelley Morrison R. Mills McKinley Springer Wilson Dingley Payne Underwood Kitchin Fordney Green Hawley Collier Doughton Knutson Doughton Reed Cooper W. Mills Ullman Rostenkowski Gibbons Archer Thomas Rangel Levin Camp Ryan Johnson Brady

Italics indicates acting chairman

v t e

(2008 ←)    United States presidential election, 2012    (→ 2016)

United States elections, 2012 Fundraising National polls Statewide polls (pre-2012, early 2012) Timeline General election debates Newspaper endorsements International reactions Hurricane Sandy

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Newspaper endorsements

Incumbent nominee: Barack Obama

campaign endorsements positions

Incumbent VP nominee: Joe Biden


Challengers: Bob Ely Keith Judd Warren Mosler Darcy Richardson Jim Rogers Vermin Supreme Randall Terry John Wolfe

Republican Party

Convention Primaries Debates

Statewide polls National polls

Straw polls

Newspaper endorsements

Nominee: Mitt Romney

campaign endorsements positions

VP nominee: Paul Ryan


Candidates: Michele Bachmann
Michele Bachmann
(campaign) Herman Cain
Herman Cain
(campaign) Mark Callahan Jack Fellure Newt Gingrich
Newt Gingrich
(campaign) Stewart Greenleaf Jon Huntsman (campaign) Gary Johnson
Gary Johnson
(campaign) Fred Karger Andy Martin Thaddeus McCotter
Thaddeus McCotter
(campaign) Jimmy McMillan Roy Moore Ron Paul
Ron Paul
(campaign) Tim Pawlenty
Tim Pawlenty
(campaign) Rick Perry
Rick Perry
(campaign) Buddy Roemer
Buddy Roemer
(campaign) Rick Santorum
Rick Santorum

Libertarian Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee: Gary Johnson

campaign positions

VP nominee: Jim Gray

Candidates: Jim Duensing R. J. Harris Carl Person Sam Sloan R. Lee Wrights

Green Party


Nominee: Jill Stein
Jill Stein
(campaign) VP nominee: Cheri Honkala

Candidates: Stewart Alexander Roseanne Barr Kent Mesplay

Other third-party and independent candidates

American Independent Party

Nominee Tom Hoefling

Candidates Wiley Drake Virgil Goode
Virgil Goode
(campaign) Edward C. Noonan Laurie Roth

American Third Position Party

Nominee Merlin Miller VP nominee Virginia Abernethy

America's Party

Nominee Tom Hoefling

Constitution Party


Nominee Virgil Goode
Virgil Goode
(campaign) VP nominee Jim Clymer

Candidates Darrell Castle Laurie Roth Robby Wells

Freedom Socialist Party

Nominee Stephen Durham

Grassroots Party

Nominee Jim Carlson

Justice Party

Nominee Rocky Anderson VP nominee Luis J. Rodriguez

Objectivist Party

Nominee Tom Stevens

Party for Socialism and Liberation

Nominee Peta Lindsay

Peace and Freedom Party

Nominee Roseanne Barr VP nominee Cindy Sheehan

Candidates Stewart Alexander Rocky Anderson Stephen Durham Peta Lindsay

Prohibition Party

Nominee Jack Fellure

Candidates James Hedges

Reform Party

Nominee Andre Barnett

Candidates Laurence Kotlikoff Darcy Richardson Buddy Roemer
Buddy Roemer
(campaign) Robert David Steele Robby Wells

Socialist Equality Party

Nominee Jerry White

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee James Harris

Socialist Party

Nominee Stewart Alexander
Stewart Alexander
(campaign) VP nominee Alejandro Mendoza


Candidates Lee Abramson Randy Blythe Jeff Boss Robert Burck Terry Jones Joe Schriner

Draft movements

Michael Bloomberg
Michael Bloomberg

State results

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Other 2012 elections: House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

United States Republican Party

Chairpersons of the RNC

Morgan Raymond Ward Claflin Morgan Chandler Cameron Jewell Sabin Jones Quay Clarkson Carter Hanna Payne Cortelyou New Hitchcock Hill Rosewater Hilles Wilcox Hays Adams Butler Work Huston Fess Sanders Fletcher Hamilton Martin Walsh Spangler Brownell Reece Scott Gabrielson Summerfield Roberts Hall Alcorn T. B. Morton Miller Burch Bliss R. Morton Dole Bush Smith Brock Richards Laxalt/Fahrenkopf Reagan/Fahrenkopf Atwater Yeutter Bond Barbour Nicholson Gilmore Racicot Gillespie Mehlman Martínez Duncan Steele Priebus Romney McDaniel

Presidential tickets

Frémont/Dayton Lincoln/Hamlin Lincoln/Johnson Grant/Colfax Grant/Wilson Hayes/Wheeler Garfield/Arthur Blaine/Logan Harrison/Morton Harrison/Reid McKinley/Hobart McKinley/Roosevelt Roosevelt/Fairbanks Taft/Sherman Taft/Sherman/Butler Hughes/Fairbanks Harding/Coolidge Coolidge/Dawes Hoover/Curtis (twice) Landon/Knox Willkie/McNary Dewey/Bricker Dewey/Warren Eisenhower/Nixon (twice) Nixon/Lodge Goldwater/Miller Nixon/Agnew (twice) Ford/Dole Reagan/G. H. W. Bush (twice) G. H. W. Bush/Quayle (twice) Dole/Kemp G. W. Bush/Cheney (twice) McCain/Palin Romney/Ryan Trump/Pence

Parties by state and territory


Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming


American Samoa District of Columbia Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Virgin Islands

Conventions (list)

1856 (Philadelphia) 1860 (Chicago) 1864 (Baltimore) 1868 (Chicago) 1872 (Philadelphia) 1876 (Cincinnati) 1880 (Chicago) 1884 (Chicago) 1888 (Chicago) 1892 (Minneapolis) 1896 (Saint Louis) 1900 (Philadelphia) 1904 (Chicago) 1908 (Chicago) 1912 (Chicago) 1916 (Chicago) 1920 (Chicago) 1924 (Cleveland) 1928 ( Kansas
City) 1932 (Chicago) 1936 (Cleveland) 1940 (Philadelphia) 1944 (Chicago) 1948 (Philadelphia) 1952 (Chicago) 1956 (San Francisco) 1960 (Chicago) 1964 (San Francisco) 1968 (Miami Beach) 1972 (Miami Beach) 1976 ( Kansas
City) 1980 (Detroit) 1984 (Dallas) 1988 (New Orleans) 1992 (Houston) 1996 (San Diego) 2000 (Philadelphia) 2004 (New York) 2008 (St. Paul) 2012 (Tampa) 2016 (Cleveland)

Affiliated organizations

Fundraising groups

National Republican Congressional Committee National Republican Senatorial Committee Republican Conference of the United States House of Representatives Republican Conference of the United States Senate Republican Governors Association

Sectional groups

College Republicans


Congressional Hispanic Conference International Democrat Union Log Cabin Republicans Republican Jewish Coalition Republican National Hispanic Assembly Republicans Abroad Teen Age Republicans Young Republicans

Factional groups

Republican Main Street Partnership Republican Majority for Choice Republican Liberty Caucus Republican National Coalition for Life Republican Study Committee ConservAmerica Liberty Caucus Freedom Caucus Ripon Society The Wish List

Related articles

History Primaries Debates 2009 chairmanship election 2011 chairmanship election 2013 chairmanship election 2015 chairmanship election 2017 chairmanship election Bibliography Timeline of modern American conservatism

Republican Party portal

v t e

Order of precedence in the United States of America*

The President

The Vice President The Governor (of the state in which the event is held) The Speaker of the House The Chief Justice Former President Carter Former President GHW Bush Former President Clinton Former President GW Bush Former President Obama Ambassadors of the United States The Secretary of State The Associate Justices Retired Justice Stevens Retired Justice O'Connor Retired Justice Souter The President's Cabinet The President Pro Tempore of the Senate The Senate The Governors of the States (by order of statehood) Former Vice President Mondale Former Vice President Quayle Former Vice President Gore Former Vice President Cheney Former Vice President Biden The House of Representatives

*not including acting officeholders, visiting dignitaries, auxiliary executive and military personnel and most diplomats

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 132951443 LCCN: no2010164774 ISNI: 0000 0000 9096 6896 GND: 1031881727 US Congress: R000570 SNAC: w6d95mtr

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