PATHUPATTU (Tamil : பத்துப்பாட்டு;
PATTUPPāṭṭU; ten Idylls ) is an anthology of ten mid-length books
and one of the oldest surviving works of Tamil poetry. This collection
is considered part of
Sangam Literature and is dated to c. 300 BCE
– c. 200 CE. This collection had been lost for some centuries
U.V.Swaminatha Iyer travelled around
* 1 Aatrupadai * 2 Themes of nature * 3 Contents of the anthology * 4 English Translations * 5 References * 6 Further reading
The Pathupattu collection contains lengthy and picturesque descriptions of the Tamil country and its seasons. Most of them are in the form of Aatrupadai, a literary device by which a bard or a minstrel who has received bountiful gifts from some wealthy patron is supposed to direct another to the same Maecenas. This gives the occasion to the poet, among other topics, to describe in great detail the natural beauty, fertility, and resources of the territory that has to be traversed to reach the palace of the patron.
These poems which are in the nature of guide-books and travelogues adopt a more credible and realistic device than those Tamil poems of a later age which utilize inanimate objects like the cloud and the wind as messengers or the media of poetic observation. The Aarruppatai is of a piece with Tamil realism and describes the journey as experienced by a human traveller, and that on terra firma.
THEMES OF NATURE
Each of the Ten Idylls contains passages relevant to the theme of
Nature. The first poem on the god,
Few passages can rival the description of the North Wind and its
effects, and the interplay of human emotions and sentiments as found
Netunalvatai .The conventional regions of the
The greatness of a sovereign was assessed also by the fertility and the diversity of regions found within his kingdom.
CONTENTS OF THE ANTHOLOGY
* Pattupattu - Ten Tamil Idylls, J. V. Chellaih, Tamil University, Thanjavur, 1946. * Ancient Tamil Classic Pattuppattu in English(The Ten Tamil Idylls), Dr. A. Dakshinamurthy , Thamizh Academy, SRM University , 2013.
* Mudaliyar, Singaravelu A., Apithana Cintamani, An encyclopaedia of Tamil Literature, (1931) - Reprinted by Asian Educational Services, New Delhi (1983) * Xavier S. Thaninayagam, (1966) Ancient Tamil Literature from the Introduction to Landscape and Poetry * பத்துப்பாட்டு, the Ten Idylls * Chelliah J.V.,Pattupattu - Ten Tamil Idylls (Tamil Verses with Englilsh Translation), 1946, - Tamil University Reprint,Thanjavur, (1985) * Dr. A. Dakshinamurthy, Ancient Tamil Classic Pattuppattu in English(The Ten Tamil Idylls), Dr. A. Dakshinamurthy, Thamizh Academy, SRM Univer