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Pattani (Thai: ปัตตานี, pronounced [pàt.tāː.nīː]) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from southeast clockwise) Narathiwat, Yala, and Songkhla.

Contents

1 History 2 Demographics 3 Geography 4 Symbols 5 Administrative divisions

5.1 Military rule

6 Transport

6.1 Air 6.2 Rail

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] The name Pattani is the Thai adaptation of the Malay name Patani (Jawi: ڤتاني), which can mean "this beach" in Patani
Patani
Malay language. (In standard Malay, this would be pantai ini.) Another suggestion is that it derives from a Sanskrit word pathini, meaning "virgin nymph"; Pathini was the name of a daughter of Merong Mahawangsa, founder of the preceding Langkasuka Empire.[1] Historically, Pattani Province
Pattani Province
was the centre of the Malay Sultanate of Patani
Patani
Darul Makrif. For centuries a tributary state of Siam, Pattani has been governed by Siam since its conquest in 1785. Siamese rule was officially acknowledged by the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 negotiated with the British Empire. Both Yala (Jala) and Narathiwat (Menara) were originally part of Patani, but were made provinces of their own during the territorial administrative reform and the creation of a united centralized Siam state.[citation needed] Demographics[edit] Pattani is one of the four provinces of Thailand
Thailand
where the majority of the population are Malay Muslim. They make up about 88 percent of its population. The people speak the Patani
Patani
Malay language, although most also speak Thai. The Pattani Malays are similar in ethnicity and culture to the Malays of Kelantan, Malaysia. Geography[edit] Pattani is on the Malay Peninsula, with the coast of the Gulf of Thailand
Thailand
to the north. The south is dominated by the Sankalakhiri mountain range, which includes Budo-Su-ngai Padi National Park, on the border with Yala and Narathiwat. Symbols[edit] The seal of the province shows the cannon called Phraya Tani, known as Sri Pattani in Malay, which was cast in Pattani Province. It was brought to Bangkok
Bangkok
in 1785, and is now on display in front of the Ministry of Defence in Bangkok.[citation needed] The provincial flower is the Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), and the provincial tree the Ironwood
Ironwood
(Hopea odorata).[citation needed] Administrative divisions[edit] Pattani is divided into 12 districts (amphoe), which are further subdivided into 115 communes (tambon) and 629 villages (muban).[citation needed] The districts of Chana (Malay: Chenok), Thepa (Malay:Tiba) and Saba Yoi (Malay:Sebayu) were detached from Pattani and transferred to Songkhla in 1796 by Siam government.[citation needed]

Map Number Name Thai Jawi Malay

1 Mueang Pattani เมืองปัตตานี فطاني Patani

2 Khok Pho โคกโพธิ์ كوكفور Kuk Pur

3 Nong Chik หนองจิก نونغجيك Nung Chik

4 Panare ปะนาเระ فناريق Penarik

5 Mayo มายอ مايو Mayu

6 Thung Yang Daeng ทุ่งยางแดง

7 Sai Buri สายบุรี سليندونغ بايو ، تلوبن Selindung Bayu, Teluban

8 Mai Kaen ไม้แก่น

9 Yaring ยะหริ่ง جمبو Jambu,

10 Yarang ยะรัง يا ليمو Ya Li hu

11 Kapho กะพ้อ

12 Mae Lan แม่ลาน

Military rule[edit] As of 2018[update], the provisions of Thailand's Internal Security Act remain imposed on Mae Lan District. Internal security restrictions, maintained by Thailand's Internal Security Operations Command
Internal Security Operations Command
(ISOC) can result in curfews, prohibited entry, or prohibited transport of goods. It is considered one step below the imposition of full martial law.[2] Transport[edit] Air[edit] Pattani Airport
Pattani Airport
is serve by Pattani Airport
Pattani Airport
but the airport is not allow for public flight due to the Royal Thai Air Force supporting counter-insurgency operations. Rail[edit] Pattani has main station is Pattani Railway Station. See also[edit]

2007 South Thailand
Thailand
bombings Pattani (region) Pattani kingdom South Thailand
Thailand
insurgency

References[edit]

^ " ms Sejarah Malaysia
Malaysia
- Asal Usul nama Sungai Petani". Sejarahmalaysia.pnm.my. Archived from the original on 2013-06-03. Retrieved 2012-08-24.  ^ Raksaseri, Kornchanok (8 January 2018). "Isoc power boost 'not political'". Bangkok
Bangkok
Post. Retrieved 8 January 2018. 

External links[edit]

Pattani travel guide from Wikivoyage Pattani province website (Thai) Tourism Authority of Thailand
Thailand
(TAT): Pattani Pattani Erupts Archived February 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Thailand
Thailand
Islamic Insurgency Muslim
Muslim
rebels light fuse in Thailand

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pattani Province.

Places adjacent to Pattani Province

Gulf of Thailand

Songkhla Province

Pattani Province

Narathiwat Province

Yala Province

v t e

Provinces of Thailand

Metropolitan

Bangkok
Bangkok
(Krung Thep Maha Nakhon) Nakhon Pathom Nonthaburi Pathum Thani Samut Prakan Samut Sakhon

North

Chiang Mai Chiang Rai Lampang Lamphun Mae Hong Son Nan Phayao Phrae Uttaradit

Northeast

Amnat Charoen Bueng Kan Buriram Chaiyaphum Kalasin Khon Kaen Loei Maha Sarakham Mukdahan Nakhon Phanom Nakhon Ratchasima Nong Bua Lamphu Nong Khai Roi Et Sakon Nakhon Sisaket Surin Ubon Ratchathani Udon Thani Yasothon

Central

Ang Thong Chai Nat Kamphaeng Phet Lopburi Nakhon Nayok Nakhon Sawan Phetchabun Phichit Phitsanulok Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Samut Songkhram Saraburi Sing Buri Sukhothai Suphan Buri Uthai Thani

East

Chachoengsao Chanthaburi Chonburi Prachinburi Rayong Sa Kaeo Trat

West

Kanchanaburi Phetchaburi Prachuap Khiri Khan Ratchaburi Tak

South

Chumphon Krabi Nakhon Si Thammarat Narathiwat Pattani Phang Nga Phatthalung Phuket Ranong Satun Songkhla Surat Thani Trang Yala

Coordinates: 6°52′4″N 101°15′00″E / 6.86778°N 101.25000°E /

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