Pattani (Thai: ปัตตานี,
pronounced [pàt.tāː.nīː]) is one of the southern provinces
(changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from southeast
clockwise) Narathiwat, Yala, and Songkhla.
5 Administrative divisions
5.1 Military rule
7 See also
9 External links
The name Pattani is the Thai adaptation of the Malay name Patani
(Jawi: ڤتاني), which can mean "this beach" in
language. (In standard Malay, this would be pantai ini.) Another
suggestion is that it derives from a Sanskrit word pathini, meaning
"virgin nymph"; Pathini was the name of a daughter of Merong
Mahawangsa, founder of the preceding Langkasuka Empire.
Pattani Province was the centre of the Malay Sultanate
Patani Darul Makrif. For centuries a tributary state of Siam,
Pattani has been governed by Siam since its conquest in 1785. Siamese
rule was officially acknowledged by the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909
negotiated with the British Empire. Both Yala (Jala) and Narathiwat
(Menara) were originally part of Patani, but were made provinces of
their own during the territorial administrative reform and the
creation of a united centralized Siam state.
Pattani is one of the four provinces of
Thailand where the majority of
the population are Malay Muslim. They make up about 88 percent of its
population. The people speak the
Patani Malay language, although most
also speak Thai. The Pattani Malays are similar in ethnicity and
culture to the Malays of Kelantan, Malaysia.
Pattani is on the Malay Peninsula, with the coast of the Gulf of
Thailand to the north. The south is dominated by the Sankalakhiri
mountain range, which includes Budo-Su-ngai Padi National Park, on the
border with Yala and Narathiwat.
The seal of the province shows the cannon called Phraya Tani, known as
Sri Pattani in Malay, which was cast in Pattani Province. It was
Bangkok in 1785, and is now on display in front of the
Ministry of Defence in Bangkok.
The provincial flower is the Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus
rosa-sinensis), and the provincial tree the
Pattani is divided into 12 districts (amphoe), which are further
subdivided into 115 communes (tambon) and 629 villages
The districts of Chana (Malay: Chenok), Thepa (Malay:Tiba) and Saba
Yoi (Malay:Sebayu) were detached from Pattani and transferred to
Songkhla in 1796 by Siam government.
Thung Yang Daeng
سليندونغ بايو ، تلوبن
Selindung Bayu, Teluban
Ya Li hu
As of 2018[update], the provisions of Thailand's Internal Security Act
remain imposed on Mae Lan District. Internal security restrictions,
maintained by Thailand's
Internal Security Operations Command
Internal Security Operations Command (ISOC)
can result in curfews, prohibited entry, or prohibited transport of
goods. It is considered one step below the imposition of full martial
Pattani Airport is serve by
Pattani Airport but the airport is not
allow for public flight due to the Royal Thai Air Force supporting
Pattani has main station is Pattani Railway Station.
^ " ms Sejarah
Malaysia - Asal Usul nama Sungai Petani".
Sejarahmalaysia.pnm.my. Archived from the original on 2013-06-03.
^ Raksaseri, Kornchanok (8 January 2018). "Isoc power boost 'not
Bangkok Post. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
Pattani travel guide from Wikivoyage
Pattani province website (Thai)
Tourism Authority of
Thailand (TAT): Pattani
Pattani Erupts Archived February 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
Thailand Islamic Insurgency
Muslim rebels light fuse in Thailand
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
Places adjacent to Pattani Province
Gulf of Thailand
Provinces of Thailand
Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon)
Mae Hong Son
Nong Bua Lamphu
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Prachuap Khiri Khan
Nakhon Si Thammarat
Coordinates: 6°52′4″N 101°15′00″E / 6.86778°N