A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector
is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy,
or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate
of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or
person.[title missing][page needed] Catholics believe
that patron saints, having already transcended to the metaphysical,
are able to intercede effectively for the needs of their special
Historically, a similar practice has also occurred in many Islamic
1 Origin 2 Denominations 3 See also 4 References 5 External links
Saints often become the patrons of places where they were born or had
been active. However, there were cases in Medieval Europe where a city
which grew to prominence and obtained for its cathedral the remains or
some relics of a famous saint who had lived and was buried elsewhere,
thus making him or her the city's patron saint – such a practice
conferred considerable prestige on the city concerned. In Latin
America and the Philippines, Spanish and Portuguese explorers often
named a location for the saint on whose feast or commemoration they
first visited the place, with that saint naturally becoming the area's
Professions sometimes have a patron saint owing to that individual
being involved somewhat with it, although some of the connections were
tenuous. Lacking such a saint, an occupation would have a patron whose
acts or miracles in some way recall the profession. For example, when
the previously unknown profession of photography appeared in the 19th
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^ Slocum, Robert Boak; Armentrout, Donald S. (2000). "Patronal Feast".
An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church: A User-Friendly Reference for
Episcopalians. New York: Church Publishing, Inc. p. 390.
^ The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed.).
Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 2006. ISBN 0-618-70172-9.
^ Gibson, Henry (1882). "Twenty-Fifth Instruction". Catechism Made
Easy: Being a Familiar Explanation of the Catechism of Christian
Doctrine (No. 2). 1 (2nd ed.). London: Burns and Oates. p. 310
– via Internet Archive.
^ a b c d e f Lings, Martin (2005) . What is Sufism?. Lahore:
Suhail Academy. pp. 119–120 etc.
^ C.W.G.; R.G. (11 September 1852). "St. Veronica (Vol. vi., p.199)".
Notes and Queries. London. 6 (150): 252.
^ "Archaeological Intelligence". The Archaeological Journal. 7: 413.
^ Butler, Alban (2000). "St. Veronica (First Century)". In Doyle,
Peter. Lives of the Saints: July (New full ed.). Tunbridge Wells:
Burns & Oates. pp. 84–86. ISBN 0-86012-256-5.
OCLC 877793679 – via Google Books.
^ Duke, A.C.; Lewis, Gillian; Pettegree, Andrew, eds. (1992).
"Managing a country parish: A country pastor's advice to his
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Communion of saints Veneration Intercession Confessors Martyrs Passion bearers Patron saint Mariology
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Roman Martyrology Saints in Anglicanism Saints in Methodism