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The Patriot Parliament is the name given to the session of the Irish Parliament called by King James II of Ireland during the War of the Two Kings in 1689. The parliament met in one session, from 7 May 1689 to 20 July 1689, and was the only session of the Irish Parliament under King James II. The Irish House of Lords
Irish House of Lords
had Lord Fitton as Lord Chancellor of Ireland on the woolsack. The Irish House of Commons
Irish House of Commons
elected Sir Richard Nagle as its Speaker. The previous session of the Irish parliament had been in 1666.

Contents

1 Name 2 Legislation

2.1 Repeals

3 Composition

3.1 Lords 3.2 Commons

4 Later interpretation 5 References

5.1 Notes

6 External links

Name[edit] The name "Patriot Parliament" was first used in 1893 by Sir Charles Gavan Duffy, an Irish nationalist historian, in his edition of essays by his old friend Thomas Davis.[1][2] In 1843 Davis himself had described the parliament as a "patriot Senate" in his essay "The Irish Parliament of James II".[3] Legislation[edit] The Act of Recognition was the first act of Parliament. It recognised James's right to the Imperial Crown of Ireland. It compared the usurpation by the Prince of Orange to the murder of James' father King Charles I, emphasized indefeasible hereditary rights, and asserted that the monarchy was founded on the Divine right of kings, not the result of any supposed contract between a king and his subjects.[4] The Declaratory Act affirmed that the Kingdom of Ireland had always been "distinct" from that of England, and that no Act of the English Parliament was binding on Ireland unless ratified by the Irish Parliament.[5][6] However, Poynings' Law remained as statute law.[7] Parliament also passed legislation or resolutions for additional purposes:

Liberty of Conscience. Parliament granted full freedom of worship and civic and political equality for Roman Catholics and Protestant Dissenters, and repealed the requirement of the Oath of Supremacy, but retained the Act of Uniformity. James sought the abolition of penalties against liberty of conscience but did not seek to remove himself as head of the Church of Ireland.[8] Repeal of the 1652 Cromwellian land settlement, and the Act of Settlement 1662. This returned all lands forfeited in 1652 to the descendants of the former owners at the time of the Irish Rebellion of 1641. A Bill of attainder. "An Act for the Attainder
Attainder
of Divers Rebels, and for the Preserving the Interest of Loyal Subjects" named 2,000 Williamites as traitors, being opponents of James II, who were to lose their property and their lives.[9][10]

Firth wrote that King James was opposed to the last two measures, but was "overborne by Tyrconnell and the Irish nationalists". Repeals[edit] All legislation by the Patriot Parliament was declared void by later acts of the Parliament of England.[11][12] William's supporters won the War of the Two Kings and James and his supporters fled to the Continent, and in 1692 William III and Mary II summoned a loyal Irish parliament. In 1695, the next Irish parliament passed an act declaring all actions of the "late pretended Parliament" void, including attainders as well as acts; it also ordered all the Parliament's records to be destroyed.[13][14] Composition[edit] The Parliament was overwhelmingly Old English and Roman Catholic,[15] however, Church of Ireland
Church of Ireland
Bishops retained their place as the Lords Spiritual in the House of Lords. A number of members served in James' Irish Army in the ensuing Williamite War in Ireland, with several of them losing their lives during the fighting. Lords[edit] The members of the House of Lords were:[16]

Name Title

Boyle, MichaelMichael Boyle Armagh, Archbishop ofArchbishop of Armagh

MacDonnell, AlexanderAlexander MacDonnell Antrim, Earl ofEarl of Antrim

Nugent, RichardRichard Nugent Westmeath, Earl ofEarl of Westmeath

Barry, RichardRichard Barry Barrymore, Earl ofEarl of Barrymore

Lambart !Richard or Charles Lambart[17] Cavan, Earl ofEarl of Cavan

MacCarty, DonoughDonough MacCarty Clancarty, Earl ofEarl of Clancarty

Power, RichardRichard Power Tyrone, Earl ofEarl of Tyrone

Aungier, FrancisFrancis Aungier Longford, Earl ofEarl of Longford

Forbes, ArthurArthur Forbes Granard, Earl ofEarl of Granard

Dongan, WilliamWilliam Dongan Limerick, Earl ofEarl of Limerick

Preston, JenicoJenico Preston Gormanston, ViscountViscount Gormanston

Butler, RichardRichard Butler Mountgarret, ViscountViscount Mountgarret

Dillon, TheobaldTheobald Dillon Dillon of Costello-Gallen, ViscountViscount Dillon of Costello-Gallen

Netterville, NicholasNicholas Netterville Netterville of Dowth, ViscountViscount Netterville of Dowth

Magennis, BryanBryan Magennis Magennis of Iveagh, ViscountViscount Magennis of Iveagh

Sarsfield, DominickDominick Sarsfield Sarsfield of Killmallock, ViscountViscount Sarsfield of Killmallock

Bourke, TheobaldTheobald Bourke Mayo, ViscountViscount Mayo

Butler, PiercePierce Butler Ikerrin, ViscountViscount Ikerrin

O'Dempsey, MaximilianMaximilian O'Dempsey Clanmalier, ViscountViscount Clanmalier

Barnewall, NicholasNicholas Barnewall Barnewall of Kingsland, ViscountViscount Barnewall of Kingsland

Butler, PiercePierce Butler Galmoye, ViscountViscount Galmoye

O'Brien, DanielDaniel O'Brien Clare, ViscountViscount Clare

Parsons, RichardRichard Parsons Rosse, ViscountViscount Rosse

Bourke, UlickUlick Bourke Galway, ViscountViscount Galway

Browne, ValentineValentine Browne Kenmare, ViscountViscount Kenmare

MacCarty, JustinJustin MacCarty Mountcashell, ViscountViscount Mountcashell

Dopping, AnthonyAnthony Dopping Meath, Bishop ofBishop of Meath

Hopkins, EzekielEzekiel Hopkins Derry, Bishop ofBishop of Derry

Otway, ThomasThomas Otway Ossory, Bishop ofBishop of Ossory

Digby, SimonSimon Digby Limerick, Bishop ofBishop of Limerick

Wetenhall, EdwardEdward Wetenhall Cork, Bishop ofBishop of Cork

Smyth, WilliamWilliam Smyth Raphoe, Bishop ofBishop of Raphoe

Tennison, RichardRichard Tennison Killala, Bishop ofBishop of Killala

Bermingham, EdwardEdward Bermingham Athenry, BaronBaron Athenry

de Courcy, AlmericAlmeric de Courcy Kingsale, BaronBaron Kingsale

Fitzmaurice, WilliamWilliam Fitzmaurice Kerry, BaronBaron Kerry

Fleming, ChristopherChristopher Fleming Slane, BaronBaron Slane

Saint Lawrence, ThomasThomas St Lawrence Howth, BaronBaron Howth

Barnewall, MatthiasMatthias Barnewall Trimlestown, BaronBaron Trimlestown

Plunkett, ChristopherChristopher Plunkett Dunsany, BaronBaron Dunsany

Butler, PiercePierce Butler Dunboyne, BaronBaron Dunboyne

Fitzpatrick, BarnabyBarnaby Fitzpatrick Upper Ossory, BaronBaron Upper Ossory

Plunkett, MatthewMatthew Plunkett Louth, BaronBaron Louth

Bourke, WilliamWilliam Bourke Bourke of Castleconnell, BaronBaron Bourke of Castleconnell

Butler, TheobaldTheobald Butler Cahir, BaronBaron Cahir

Bourke, TheobaldTheobald Bourke Bourke of Brittas, BaronBaron Bourke of Brittas

Blayney, Henry VincentHenry Vincent Blayney Blayney of Monaghan, BaronBaron Blayney of Monaghan

Malone, DermotDermot Malone[18] Glean-O'Mallun and Courchy, BaronBaron Glean-O'Mallun and Courchy (This title had probably been extinct since about 1641.)

Maguire, RogerRoger Maguire[19] Maguire of Enniskillen, BaronBaron Maguire of Enniskillen (This title had been forfeit since 1645.)

Hamilton, ClaudClaud Hamilton Earl of Abercorn
Earl of Abercorn
in the peerage of Scotland Hamilton of Strabane, BaronBaron Hamilton of Strabane

King, RobertRobert King Kingston, BaronBaron Kingston

Bellew, JohnJohn Bellew Bellew of Duleek, BaronBaron Bellew of Duleek

Fitton, AlexanderAlexander Fitton Lord Chancellor Fitton of Gawsworth, BaronBaron Fitton of Gawsworth

Bourke, JohnJohn Bourke Bourke of Bophin, BaronBaron Bourke of Bophin

Nugent, ThomasThomas Nugent Lord Chief Justice Nugent of Riverston, BaronBaron Nugent of Riverston

Commons[edit] The MPs in the House of Commons were:

County Antrim

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Antrim County Cormuck O'Neale

Randal Mac Donnell

Belfast Marcus Talbot

Daniel O'Neale

County Armagh

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Armagh County Francis Stafford

Constantine O'Neale

County Carlow

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Carlow Borough Marcus Baggot

John Warren

Carlow County Dudley Bagenal (1638–1712) Henry Luttrell (Jacobite commander) (d. 1717)

Old Leighlin Darby Long

Daniel Doran

County Cavan

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Belturbet Sir Edward Tyrrel Bt.

Philip Tuite Newcastle, County Cavan

Cavan Borough Philip Oge O'Reyly

Hugh Reily Lara

Cavan County Philip Reyley Aghnecrevy John Reyly Garirobuck

County Clare

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Clare County Daniel O'Brien

John MacNamara Crattlagh

Ennis Florence MacNamara Dromod Theobald Butler Shrangaloon

County Cork

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Cork City Sir James Fitz Edmond Cotter knight John Galloway

Cork County Justin Mac Carthy

Sir Richard Nagle Clogher, knight

Kinsale Andrew Murrogh

Miles de Coursey

Baltimore Daniel O'Donovan (MP Baltimore)

Jeremiah O'Donovan

Bandonbridge Charles Mac Carthy Ballea Daniel Mac Carthy MacCarthy Reagh

Charleville John Baggot, Sr. Baggotstown John Power Killballane

Clonakilty (also Cloghnakilty) Lt.-Col. Owen McCarthy

Daniel Fionn McCarthy

Doneraile Daniel O'Donovan, Esq. (MP Doneraile)

John Baggot, Jr. Baggotstown

Midleton Dermod Long

John Long

Mallow (also Moyallow) John Barret Castlemore David Nagle Carragowne

Rathcormack James Barry Barry was later absolved of treason on the basis that he was elected without his knowledge while in England.[20] Edward Powel

Youghal Thomas Uniack alderman Edward Gough alderman

County Dublin

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Dublin
Dublin
City Sir Michael Creagh Lord Mayor
Mayor
of Dublin, knight Terence Dermot, Sr. alderman

Dublin
Dublin
County Simon Luttrell Luttrellstowne Patrick Sarsfield Lucan

Newcastle Thomas Arthur Colganstown John Talbot Belgard

Swords Francis Barnwall Woodparke, Co. Meath Robert Russell Drynham

Dublin
Dublin
University Sir John Meade knight Joseph Coghlan

County Down

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Down County Murtogh Mac Gennis Green-Castle Ever Mac Gennis Castlewellan

Killyleagh (also Killileagh) Bernard Mac Gennis Ballygorianbeg Torl O'Neile Drummekelly

Newry Rowland White

Rowland Savage

County Galway

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Athenry James Talbot Mount Talbot Charles Daly Dunsandle

Galway Borough Oliver Martin

John Kirwan

Galway County Sir Ulick Burke Glinsk Sir Walter Blake

Tuam James Lally Tullindaly William Bourk Carrowfrila

County Kerry

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Ardfert Col. Roger MacElligot

Cornelius Mac Gillicuddy

Dingle (also Dingle Icouch) Edward Rice FitzJames Ballinelig, County Limerick John Hussey Culmullin

Kerry County Nicholas Brown

Sir Thomas Crosby knight

Tralee Maurice Hussey Kerrys James Hackett alderman

County Kildare

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Athy William FitzGerald

William Archbold

Harristown James Nihell

Edmond FitzGerald

Kildare Borough Francis Leigh

Robert Porter

Kildare County John Wogan

George Aylmer

Naas Walter Lord Dungan

Charles White

County Kilkenny

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Callan Walter Butler

Thady Meagher

Gowran Colonel Robert Fielding womaniser Walter Kelly doctor of physick

Inistioge Edward FitzGerald

James FitzGerald

Kilkenny City John Rooth Mayor James Bryan alderman

Kilkenny County John Grace Courtstown Robert Walsh Cloneneassy

Knocktopher Harvey Morres

Henry Meagh

Thomastown Robert Grace Sr.

Robert Grace Jr.

King's County (Offaly)

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Banagher Terence Coghlan Esq. Terence Coghlan gent.

King's County Heward Oxburgh

Owen Carrol

Philipstown John Connor

Heward Oxburgh

County Leitrim

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Jamestown Alexander Mac Donnell

William Shanley

Leitrim Edmond Reynolds

Iriel Farrell

County Limerick

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Askeaton John Bourke Cahirmoyhill Edward Rice

Kilmallock Sir William Hurley, Bt.

John Lacy

Limerick City Nicholas Arthur alderman Thomas Harrold alderman

Limerick County Sir John FitzGerald, Bt.

Gerald FitzGerald Knight of Glin

County Longford

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Lanesborough Oliver FitzGerald

Roger Farrell

Longford County Roger Farrell

Robert Farrell

St Johnstown Sir William Ellis knight Lt.-Col. James Nugent

County Louth

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Ardee Hugh Gernon

John Babe

Carlingford Christopher Peppard FitzIgnatius

Bryan Dermot

Dundalk Robert Dermot

John Dowdall

Drogheda Henry Dowdall recorder Christopher Peppard FitzGeorge alderman

Louth Thomas Bellew

William Talbot

County Mayo

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Castlebar John Bermingham portreeve Thomas Bourke

Mayo County Gerald Moore

Walter Bourke

County Meath

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Athboy John Trynder

Robert Longfield

Kells Patrick Everard

John Delamare

Meath County Sir William Talbot, Bt.

Sir Patrick Barnwall, Bt.

Navan Christopher Cusack Corballis Christopher Cusack Rathaldran

Ratoath John Hussey

James FitzGerald

Trim Capt. Nicholas Cusacke

Walter Nangle

County Monaghan

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Bryan Mac Mahon

Hugh Mac Mahon

Queen's County (Laois)

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Ballynakill Sir Gregory Byrne, Bt.

Oliver Grace Chief Remembrancer of the Exchequer

Maryborough Pierce Bryan

Thady FitzPatrick

Portarlington Sir Henry Bond, Bt.

Sir Thomas Hacket knight

Queen's County Sir Patrick Trant knight Edmond Morres

County Roscommon

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Boyle Capt. John King

Terence Mac Dermot alderman

Roscommon Borough John Dillon

John Kelly

Roscommon County Charles Kelly

John Bourke

County Sligo

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Sligo Borough Terence Mac Donogh

James French

Sligo County Henry Crofton Longford House, Beltra Oliver O'Gara

County Tipperary

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Cashel Denis Kearny alderman James Hackett alderman

Clonmel Nicholas White alderman John Bray alderman

Fethard Sir John Everard, Bt.

James Tobin Fethard

Tipperary Nicholas Purcell Loughmore James Butler Graingebegg

County Tyrone

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Dungannon Arthur O'Neale

Peter Donnelly Dungannon

Strabane Christopher Nugent

Daniel Donnelly

Tyrone Colonel Gordon O'Neale

Lewis Doe Dungannon

County Waterford

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Dungarvan John Hore

Martin Hore

Waterford City John Porter

Nicholas FitzGerald

Waterford County John Power

Matthew Hore

County Westmeath

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Athboy John Nugent Donore Christopher Nugent Dardistown

Athlone Edmond Malone Ballynahoune Edmond Malone counsellor at law

Fore (also Fowre) Patrick Everard

John Delamare

Kilbeggan Bryan Geoghegan Donore Charles Geoghegan Syonane

Mullingar Gerald Dillon prime sergeant Edmond Nugent Carlanstowne

Westmeath County William Nugent

Hon. Col. Henry Dillon

County Wexford

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Bannow Francis Plowden

Dr. Alexius Stafford

Clonmines (also Cloghmine) Edward Sherlock Dublin
Dublin
City Nicholas White Rosse, merchant

Enniscorthy James Devereux Carigmenan Arthur Waddington portreeve

Fethard Rt Hon. Col. James Porter

Capt. Nicholas Stafford

Gorey (also Newburgh) Abraham Strange Toberduffe Richard Doyle Kilcorky

New Ross Luke Dormer

Richard Butler

Taghmon George Hore Polehore Walter Hore Harperstown

Wexford Borough William Talbot

Francis Rooth merchant

Wexford County Walter Butler Monfin Patrick Colclough Mochury

County Wicklow

Constituency First Member Notes Second Member Notes

Blessington James Eustace

Maurice Eustace

Carysfort Hugh Roe Byrne

Pierce Archbold (upon default of whose appearance Bartholomew Polewhele)

Wicklow Borough Francis Toole

Thomas Byrne

Wicklow County Richard Butler

William Talbot

Later interpretation[edit] That the Parliament had declared Ireland's autonomy was of interest to 19th century Irish nationalists, in particular the Young Irelander Thomas Davis[21] who wrote a history of the parliament as an inspiration to his fellow countrymen.[22] References[edit]

Members of Parliament at Dublin, 1689 Act of Recognition Declaratory Act.

Notes[edit]

^ "The Nation" paper, essays in several issues, 1843 by TO Davis; reprinted in 1893 as The Patriot Parliament of 1689: With its statutes, votes and proceedings" Edited with an introduction by the Hon. Sir Charles Gavan Duffy. ^ Bartlett, Thomas Ireland: a History Cambridge University Press (2010) p135 ^ Davis, Thomas Osborne (1843). The Irish Parliament of James II. CELT. University College Cork. Retrieved 7 June 2015.  ^ Harris, Tim Revolution: The Great Crisis of the British Monarchy 1685-1720 Allen Lane (2006) p 439 ^ Harris, Tim Revolution: The Great Crisis of the British Monarchy 1685-1720 Allen Lane (2006) p 444 ^ Simms, J.G. Jacobite Ireland 1685-91 Routledge and Kegan Paul (1969) p 80 ^ Bartlett, Thomas Ireland: A History Cambridge University Press (2010) p 135 ^ Harris, Tim Revolution: The Great Crisis of the British Monarchy 1685-1720 Allen Lane (2006) p 441 ^ Firth, C. H. A commentary on Macaulay's History of England, republished by Routledge (London 1964), pp 211-212. Macaulay wrote there were 3,000 such attainders. History of England from the Accession of James the Second (London, 1855), pp 216-220, had said that t ^ See also Butler, W. F. T. Confiscation in Irish History Talbot Press ( Dublin
Dublin
1917-1918), pp.215-216. "... if we follow King as corrected by Davis, between eighteen and nineteen hundred persons were attainted; and if we follow Harris, and a pamphlet cited by Davis as 'the List' the number may possibly be two thousand two hundred." ^ Hill, Christopher (2002). The Century of Revolution, 1603-1714. Psychology Press. p. 256. ISBN 9780415267397. Retrieved 18 May 2017.  ^ Raithby, John, ed. (1819). "1 W. & M. s.2 c.9 [Chapter IX. Rot. Parl. pt. 3. nu. 8.] An Act for the better Security and Reliefe of their Majesties Protestant Subjects of Ireland.". The Statutes of the Realm. 6: 1685-94. British History Online. pp. 154–155. Retrieved 18 May 2017.  ^ Davis, Thomas Osborne. "The Irish Parliament of James II". CELT. University College Cork. p. 54. Retrieved 18 May 2017.  ^ "7 Will.3 c.3 An Act declaring all Attainders, and all other Acts made in the late pretended Parliament, to be void.". Statutes Passed in the Parliaments Held in Ireland. II: 1665-1712. George Grierson, printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty. 1794. pp. 241–3.  ^ Harris, Tim Revolution:The Great Crisis of the British monarchy 1685-1720 Allen Lane (2006) p437 ^ G.E.C., ed. Vicary Gibbs and H. Arthur Doubleday, The Complete Peerage, vol. III (1913) Appendix D. ^ The Complete Peerage, vol. III, p. 117. ^ John D'Alton, King James's Irish Army List, vol. II (1861) p. 413. ^ King James's Irish Army List, vol. II, p. 182. ^ "Imposition on Grants". House of Commons Journal. London: British History Online. 12: 278–280. 20 May 1698. Retrieved 18 May 2017.  ^ Moody,T. W., Martin,F. X. & Byrne, F. J. A New History of Ireland, Volume 3: Early Modern Ireland 1534-1691 Oxford University Press (2009) p491 ^ Sullivan, Eileen A. Thomas Davis Bucknell University Press; New edition (1979) pp25-26 & passim

External links[edit]

On-line text of "The Irish Parliament of James II" by TO Davis, 1843

v t e

Lists of MPs in the Irish House of Commons

16th century

1585–86

17th century

1639–49 1661–66 1689 1692–93 1695–99

18th century

1703–13 1713–14 1715–27 1727–60 1761–68 1769–76 1776–83 1783–90 179

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