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In Christian theology
Christian theology
, term PATRIOLOGY refers to the study of the God the Father
God the Father
. The word Patriology
Patriology
comes from two Greek words: πατέρας (pateras, father) and λογος (logos, teaching about). As a theological discipline, Patriology
Patriology
is closely connected to Christology (study of Christ
Christ
as God the Son
God the Son
) and Pneumatology (study of Holy Ghost as God the Spirit ).

The term PATRIOLOGY should not be confused with similar term Patrology that involves the study of teachings of the Church Fathers.

There are three basic forms of the name of God the Father
God the Father
in the New Testament : Theos (θεός the Greek woed for God), Kyrios
Kyrios
(i.e. Lord in Greek) and Pateras (πατέρας i.e. Father in Greek). Also, the Aramaic word "Abba" (אבא), meaning "Father" is used in Mark 14:36 and in Romans 8:15 and Galatians 4:6. The word for Father was chosen to coin the name of the discipline because Patriology
Patriology
involves particular studies of the person of God the Father, and the works of the Father.

Different Christian
Christian
denominations have different theological approaches to various patriological issues, concerning the person and works of God the Father.

Christian
Christian
Patriology
Patriology
is primarily based on the study and interpretation of Bible
Bible
verses that are referring to God as "Father". In the Old Testament
Old Testament
, God is called "Father" mainly in metaforical sense. The God is seen as "Father" to all men because he created the world (and in that sense "fathered" the world). In the Hebrew Scriptures , in Isaiah 63:16 (JP) it reads: "For You are our father, for Abraham did not know us, neither did Israel recognize us; You, O Lord, are our father; our redeemer of old is your name." According to Judaism
Judaism
, God is attributed with fatherly role of protector. He is titled the Father of the poor, of the widows and orphans. He is also titled the Father of the king, as the teacher and helper over the judge of Israel. In the Old Testament
Old Testament
term "Father" when used for God is a metaphor . It is not a proper name for God but just one of many titles by which Jews
Jews
speak of and to God.

In Christian theology
Christian theology
fatherhood of God is seen in a more substantive sense, centered around metaphysical rather than metaphorical interpretations of various questions about relations between the Father and the Son. Christian
Christian
sense of participation in the eternal relationship of Father and Son, through Jesus
Jesus
Christ, is symbolically represented by the notion that Christians are adopted children of God:

But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons. And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!” So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God. — Galatians 4:4–7

In Christianity, the concept of God as the Father of Jesus
Jesus
differs from the concept of God as the Creator and Father of all people, as it is indicated in the Apostle\'s Creed
Creed
. The profession in the creed begins with expressing belief in the "Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth" and then immediately, but separately, in "Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord", thus expressing both senses of fatherhood within the creed.

At the end of the first century, Clement of Rome
Clement of Rome
was referring to the Father regarding creation, 1 Clement 19.2 stating: "let us look steadfastly to the Father and Creator of the universe". Around AD 213 in Adversus Praxeas (chapter 3) Tertullian
Tertullian
was developing a formal representation of the concept of the Trinity
Trinity
, meaning that God exists as one "substance" but three "Persons": The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, and with God the Father
God the Father
being the Head. Tertullian
Tertullian
was also discussing the relations of Holy Spirit to the Father and the Son. including the notion of procession "from the Father through the Son".

Early creeds in the Western Church were affirming the belief in "God the Father (Almighty)", the primary reference being to "God in his capacity as Father and creator of the universe". This did not exclude the fact that "eternal father of the universe was also the Father of Jesus
Jesus
the Christ" nor that he had even "vouchsafed to adopt as his son by grace".

Creeds in the Eastern Church
Eastern Church
began with an affirmation of faith in "one God" and usually expanded this by adding "the Father Almighty, Maker of all things visible and invisible" or similar words to that effect. The Nicene Creed
Creed
, which dates to 325 and 381, states that the Son ( Jesus
Jesus
Christ) is "eternally begotten of the Father", indicating that their divine Father-Son relationship is seen as not tied to an event within time or human history.

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to GOD THE FATHER .

Look up PATRIOLOGY in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

* God the Father
God the Father
* God in Christianity
Christianity
* Names of God in Christianity
Christianity
* Christology * Pneumatology * Sabellianism * Patripassianism * Monarchianism * Unitarianism
Unitarianism

REFERENCES

* ^ All the Doctrines of the Bible
Bible
by Herbert Lockyer (Sep 29, 1988) ISBN 0310280516 pages 25-26 * ^ Mills 1990 , p. 2. * ^ Thompson 2000 , p. 35. * ^ God the Father
God the Father
in Rabbinic Judaism
Judaism
and Christianity: Transformed Background or Common Ground?, Alon Goshen-Gottstein. The Elijah Interfaith Institute, first published in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, 38:4, Spring 2001 * ^ Scott 2008 , p. 159–160. * ^ Pillars of Paul's Gospel: Galatians and Romans by John F. O?Grady (May 1992) ISBN 080913327X page 162 * ^ A B Symbols of Jesus: a Christology of symbolic engagement by Robert C. Neville 2002 ISBN 0-521-00353-9 page 26 * ^ The Doctrine of God: A Global Introduction by Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen 2004 ISBN 0801027527 pages 70–74 * ^ A B The Trinity
Trinity
by Roger E. Olson, Christopher Alan Hall 2002 ISBN 0802848273 pages 29–31 * ^ Tertullian, First Theologian of the West by Eric Osborn (4 Dec 2003) ISBN 0521524954 pages 116–117 * ^ Tertullian
Tertullian
Adversus Praxeas 4 (ANF 3:599–600): "I believe the Spirit to proceed from no other source than from the Father through the Son" * ^ Tertullian
Tertullian
Adversus Praxeas 5 (ANF 3:600–601). * ^ O\'Collins & Farrugia 2015 , p. 157. * ^ Kelly 1950 , p. 136. * ^ Kelly 1950 , p. 139. * ^ Kelly 1950 , p. 195.

SOURCES

* Kelly, J.N.D. (1950). Early Christian
Christian
Creeds. London: Longmans, Green & CO. * Mills, Watson E., ed. (1990). Mercer Dictionary of the Bible. Macon: Mercer University Press. * Thompson, Marianne Meye (2000). The Promise of the Father: Jesus and God in the New Testament. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press.

* Scott, Ian W. (2008). Paul\'s Way of Knowing: Story, Experience, and the Spirit. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic. * O'Collins, Gerald; Farrugia, Mario (2015). Catholicism: The Story of Catholic Christianity
Christianity
(2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

* v * t * e

Christian theology
Christian theology

SYSTEMATIC

SCRIPTURE

* Inspiration * Preservation * Canonics * Biblical studies
Biblical studies
* Exegesis * Law and Gospel * Hermeneutics

GOD

* Attributes * Patriology * Christology * Pneumatology * Theocentricism * Theology
Theology
proper * Immutability * Impassibility

TRINITY

* Father * Son ( Hypostatic union * Incarnation * Jesus
Jesus
* Logos * Christocentric ) * Holy Spirit

COSMOLOGY

* Creation * Angels * Angelic hierarchy * Humanity * Fallen angels * Satan * Theodicy

SOTERIOLOGY

* Absolution * Adoption * Assurance * Atonement * Baptism
Baptism
* Calling * Conversion * Election * Eternal life * Faith * Forgiveness
Forgiveness
* Glorification * Grace * Irresistible grace * Imputation * Justification * Lapsarianism * Means of grace * Monergism
Monergism
* Mortification * Ordo salutis * Perseverance * Predestination * Recapitulation * Reconciliation * Redemption * Regeneration * Repentance * Resurrection * Salvation * Sanctification * Synergism * Theosis * Union with Christ
Christ

HAMARTIOLOGY

* Adam * Anthropology * The Fall * Incurvatus in se * Original sin
Original sin
* Sin * Theodicy * Total depravity

ECCLESIOLOGY

* Sacrament
Sacrament

* Eucharist

* Missiology * Polity (Congregational * Episcopal * Presbyterian ) * Synod
Synod
* Conciliarity

ESCHATOLOGY

* Summary of differences * Historicism * Idealism * Dispensationalism * Futurism * Preterism * Millenarianism (Pre- / Post- / A-millennialism ) * Adventism
Adventism
* Antichrist
Antichrist
* Apocalypse
Apocalypse
* Apocalypticism * Covenant / New Covenant theology * End times * Heaven
Heaven
* Hell * Last Judgment * Millennialism
Millennialism
* New Jerusalem * Rapture
Rapture
* Second Coming
Second Coming
* Soul sleep * Tribulation * War in Heaven
Heaven

HISTORICAL

* History of Christian theology
Christian theology
* Calvinist–Arminian debate * Apostolic Age * Canon * Patristics * Caesaropapism * Semipelagianism * Iconoclasm * Scholasticism
Scholasticism
* Thomism * Conciliarism
Conciliarism
* Renaissance * Reformation
Reformation
* Counter- Reformation
Reformation
* Pietism
Pietism
* Great Awakenings

PRACTICAL

* Apologetics * Biblical law * Education * Ethics * Homiletics * Liturgics * Missiology * Moral * Pastoral * Polemics * Political

BY TRADITION

EASTERN ORTHODOX

* Apophatic theology * Cataphatic theology
Cataphatic theology
* Economy * Essence–energies * Filioque
Filioque
* Gnomic will * Metousiosis
Metousiosis
* Phronema * Phyletism * Proskynesis
Proskynesis
* Sobornost * Symphonia * Tabor Light
Tabor Light
* Theoria
Theoria
* Theosis * Theotokos
Theotokos

ROMAN CATHOLIC

* Absolution * Apostolic succession
Apostolic succession
* Assumption of Mary
Assumption of Mary
* Traditionalism * Ecumenical Councils * Immaculate Conception
Immaculate Conception
* Indulgences * Infant baptism
Infant baptism
* Josephology * Liturgy * Mariology * Mass * Modernism * Natural law * Papal infallibility * Priesthood * Purgatory
Purgatory
* Quartodecimanism * Real presence * Sacerdotalism * Sacrament
Sacrament
* Sainthood * Thomism * Transubstantiation
Transubstantiation
* Ultramontanism * Veneration

PROTESTANT

GENERAL

* Adiaphora * Assurance * Believer\'s baptism * Protestant ecclesiology ( Branch theory ) * Priesthood of all believers

ANGLICAN

* Anglo- Catholicism
Catholicism
* Evangelical Catholic * High church * Latitudinarian * Low church

ARMINIAN / WESLEYAN

* Christian
Christian
perfection * Conditional preservation of the saints * Imparted righteousness * Lordship salvation * Prevenient grace

LUTHERAN

* Two kingdoms * Loci Theologici * Theology
Theology
of the Cross * Confessional Lutheranism
Lutheranism
* Haugean * Lutheran orthodoxy
Lutheran orthodoxy
* Lutheran scholasticism * Neo- Lutheranism
Lutheranism

REFORMED (CALVINIST)

* Christian
Christian
Reconstructionism * Covenant theology * Free Grace * Monergism
Monergism
* Predestination * Five solae
Five solae
( Sola fide
Sola fide
* Sola gratia * Sola scriptura * Soli Deo gloria * Solus Christus ) * Supersessionism * Total depravity * TULIP
TULIP

PENTECOSTALIST

* Baptism
Baptism
with the Holy Spirit * Faith healing
Faith healing
* Fivefold ministry * Glossolalia
Glossolalia

OTHER

* Adventism
Adventism
* Anabaptism
Anabaptism
* Dispensationalism * Evangelicalism
Evangelicalism
* Fundamentalism * Messianic Judaism
Judaism
* Pietism
Pietism
* Prosperity theology * Restorationism

* Outline of Christian theology
Christian theology
* CHRISTIANI

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