The Info List - Patriology

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In Christian
theology, term Patriology
refers to the study of the God the Father. The word Patriology
comes from two Greek words: πατέρας (pateras, father) and λογος (logos, teaching about). As a theological discipline, Patriology
is closely connected to Christology
(study of Christ
as God the Son) and Pneumatology (study of Holy Ghost as God the Spirit). The term Patriology
should not be confused with similar term Patrology that involves the study of teachings of the Church Fathers. There are three basic forms of the name of God the Father
God the Father
in the New Testament: Theos (θεός the Greek woed for God), Kyrios
(i.e. Lord in Greek) and Pateras (πατέρας i.e. Father in Greek).[1] Also, the Aramaic word "Abba" (אבא), meaning "Father" is used in Mark 14:36 and in Romans 8:15 and Galatians 4:6.[2] The word for Father was chosen to coin the name of the discipline because Patriology
involves particular studies of the person of God the Father, and the works of the Father. Different Christian
denominations have different theological approaches to various patriological issues, concerning the person and works of God the Father. Christian
is primarily based on the study and interpretation of Bible
verses that are referring to God as "Father". In the Old Testament, God is called by the title "Father". The God is seen as "Father" to all men because he created the world (and in that sense "fathered" the world). In the Hebrew Scriptures, in Isaiah 63:16 (JP) it reads: "For You are our father, for Abraham did not know us, neither did Israel recognize us; You, O Lord, are our father; our redeemer of old is your name." According to Judaism, God is attributed with fatherly role of protector. He is titled the Father of the poor, of the widows and orphans. He is also titled the Father of the king, as the teacher and helper over the judge of Israel.[3] In both the Old Testament and New Testament
New Testament
the term "Father" when used for God is a metaphor. It is not a proper name for God but just one of many titles by which Jews
and Christians
speak of and to God. In Christian theology
Christian theology
fatherhood of God is seen in a more substantive sense, centered around metaphysical rather than metaphorical interpretations of various questions about relations between the Father and the Son.[4] Christian
sense of participation in the eternal relationship of Father and Son, through Jesus
Christ, is symbolically represented by the notion that Christians
are adopted children of God:[5][6]

But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons. And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!” So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God. — Galatians 4:4–7

In Christianity, the concept of God as the Father of Jesus
differs from the concept of God as the Creator and Father of all people. At the end of the first century, Clement of Rome
Clement of Rome
was referring to the Father regarding creation, 1 Clement 19.2 stating: "let us look steadfastly to the Father and Creator of the universe".[7] Around AD 213 in Adversus Praxeas (chapter 3) Tertullian
was developing a formal representation of the concept of the Trinity, meaning that God exists as one "substance" but three "Persons": The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, and with God the Father
God the Father
being the Head.[8][9] This, however, is disputed by other scholars, according to whom Tertullian taught only the Father is truly God, as only he is eternal and not derived from any other substance, as the Son and Holy Spirit are.[10] Tertullian
was also discussing the relations of Holy Spirit to the Father and the Son.[8] including the notion of procession "from the Father through the Son".[11][12][13] Early creeds in the Western Church
Western Church
were affirming the belief in "God the Father (Almighty)", the primary reference being to "God in his capacity as Father and creator of the universe".[14] This did not exclude the fact that "eternal father of the universe was also the Father of Jesus
the Christ" nor that he had even "vouchsafed to adopt [the believer] as his son by grace".[15] Creeds in the Eastern Church
Eastern Church
began with an affirmation of faith in "one God" and usually expanded this by adding "the Father Almighty, Maker of all things visible and invisible" or similar words to that effect.[16] The Nicene Creed, which dates to 325 and 381, states that the Son ( Jesus
Christ) is "eternally begotten of the Father", indicating that their divine Father-Son relationship is seen as not tied to an event within time or human history. See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to God the Father.

Look up patriology in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Christology God in Christianity God the Father Monarchianism Names of God in Christianity Patripassianism Pneumatology Sabellianism Unitarianism


^ All the Doctrines of the Bible
by Herbert Lockyer (Sep 29, 1988) ISBN 0310280516 pages 25-26 ^ Mills 1990, p. 2. ^ Thompson 2000, p. 35. ^ God the Father
God the Father
in Rabbinic Judaism
and Christianity: Transformed Background or Common Ground?, Alon Goshen-Gottstein. The Elijah Interfaith Institute, first published in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, 38:4, Spring 2001 Archived 2012-12-17 at WebCite ^ Scott 2008, p. 159–160. ^ Pillars of Paul's Gospel: Galatians and Romans by John F. O?Grady (May 1992) ISBN 080913327X page 162 ^ The Doctrine of God: A Global Introduction by Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen 2004 ISBN 0801027527 pages 70–74 ^ a b The Trinity
by Roger E. Olson, Christopher Alan Hall 2002 ISBN 0802848273 pages 29–31 ^ Tertullian, First Theologian of the West by Eric Osborn (4 Dec 2003) ISBN 0521524954 pages 116–117 ^ " Trinity
> History of Trinitarian Doctrines (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)". plato.stanford.edu. Retrieved 2017-12-12.  ^ Tertullian
Adversus Praxeas 4 (ANF 3:599–600): "I believe the Spirit to proceed from no other source than from the Father through the Son" ^ Tertullian
Adversus Praxeas 5 (ANF 3:600–601). ^ O'Collins & Farrugia 2015, p. 157. ^ Kelly 1950, p. 136. ^ Kelly 1950, p. 139. ^ Kelly 1950, p. 195.


Kelly, J.N.D. (1950). Early Christian
Creeds. London: Longmans, Green & CO.  Mills, Watson E., ed. (1990). Mercer Dictionary of the Bible. Macon: Mercer University Press.  Thompson, Marianne Meye (2000). The Promise of the Father: Jesus
and God in the New Testament. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press.  Scott, Ian W. (2008). Paul's Way of Knowing: Story, Experience, and the Spirit. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.  O'Collins, Gerald; Farrugia, Mario (2015). Catholicism: The Story of Catholic Christianity
(2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 

v t e




Inspiration Preservation Canonics Biblical studies Exegesis Law and Gospel Hermeneutics


Attributes Patriology Christology Pneumatology Theocentricism Theology
proper Immutability Impassibility


Father Son (Hypostatic union Incarnation Jesus Logos Christocentric) Holy Spirit


Creation Angels Angelic hierarchy Humanity Fallen angels Satan Theodicy


Absolution Adoption Assurance Atonement Baptism Calling Conversion Election Eternal life Faith Forgiveness Glorification Grace Irresistible grace Imputation Justification Lapsarianism Means of grace Monergism Mortification Ordo salutis Perseverance Predestination Recapitulation Reconciliation Redemption Regeneration Repentance Resurrection Salvation Sanctification Synergism Theosis Union with Christ


Adam Anthropology The Fall Incurvatus in se Original sin Sin Theodicy Total depravity




Missiology Polity (Congregational Episcopal Presbyterian) Synod Conciliarity


Summary of differences Historicism Idealism Dispensationalism Futurism Preterism Millenarianism (Pre- / Post- / A-millennialism) Adventism Antichrist Apocalypse Apocalypticism Covenant / New Covenant
New Covenant
theology End times Heaven Hell Last Judgment Millennialism New Jerusalem Rapture Second Coming Soul sleep Tribulation War in Heaven


History of Christian
theology Calvinist–Arminian debate Apostolic Age Canon Patristics Caesaropapism Semipelagianism Iconoclasm Scholasticism Thomism Conciliarism Renaissance Reformation Counter-Reformation Pietism Great Awakenings


Apologetics Biblical law Education Ethics Homiletics Liturgics Missiology Moral Pastoral Polemics Political Public

By tradition

Eastern Orthodox

Apophatic theology Cataphatic theology Economy Essence–energies Gnomic will Metousiosis Phronema Phyletism Proskynesis Sobornost Symphonia Tabor Light Theoria Theosis Theotokos

Oriental Orthodox

Miaphysitism Monophysitism Monoenergism Monothelitism Aphthartodocetism

Roman Catholic

Absolution Apostolic succession Assumption of Mary Traditionalism Ecumenical Councils Filioque Immaculate Conception Indulgences Infant baptism Josephology Liturgy Mariology Mass Modernism Natural law Papal infallibility Priesthood Purgatory Quartodecimanism Real presence Sacerdotalism Sacrament Sainthood Thomism Transubstantiation Ultramontanism Veneration



Adiaphora Assurance Believer's baptism Protestant ecclesiology (Branch theory) Priesthood of all believers


Anglo-Catholicism Evangelical Catholic High church Latitudinarian Low church

Arminian / Wesleyan

perfection Conditional preservation of the saints Imparted righteousness Lordship salvation Prevenient grace


Two kingdoms Loci Theologici Theology
of the Cross Confessional Lutheranism Haugean Lutheran orthodoxy Lutheran scholasticism Neo-Lutheranism

Reformed (Calvinist)

reconstructionism Covenant theology Free Grace Monergism Predestination Five solae (Sola fide Sola gratia Sola scriptura Soli Deo gloria Solus Christus) Supersessionism Total depravity TULIP


with the Holy Spirit Faith healing Fivefold ministry Glossolalia


Adventism Anabaptism Dispensationalism Evangelicalism Fundamentalism Messianic Judaism Pietism Prosperity theology Restorationism

Outline of Christian
theology C