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A patriarchate is the office or jurisdiction of an ecclesiastical patriarch. A patriarch, as the term is used here, is either,

One of the five leaders of the Pentarchy, the highest-ranking bishops in the Christian Church
Christian Church
prior to the Great Schism, who were the bishops of Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem; or One of the nine leading bishops of the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
in the present day, including the patriarchs of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch
Antioch
and Jerusalem
Jerusalem
mentioned above, and also the five more recently established patriarchs of (in chronological order of establishment) Georgia, Bulgaria, Serbia, Moscow and Romania; or One of ten[1] high-ranking[2] bishops of the Roman Catholic Church: seven "patriarchs of the east" (six who are heads of Eastern Catholic Churches and the Latin Patriarch
Patriarch
of Jerusalem), plus the patriarchs of Lisbon, Venice and the East Indies; or One of the several leading bishops holding the title of patriarch in Oriental Orthodoxy
Orthodoxy
and the Church of the East.

The five patriarchs of the Pentarchy
Pentarchy
sat in Rome, Constantinople
Constantinople
(now Istanbul), Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem. The East-West Schism
East-West Schism
of 1054 split the Latin-speaking see of Rome
Rome
from the four Greek-speaking patriarchates, forming distinct Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches. The Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
Patriarch
Patriarch
of Antioch
Antioch
moved to Damascus in the 13th century, during the reign of the Egyptian Mamelukes, conquerors of Syria. In Damascus
Damascus
a Christian community had flourished since apostolic times (Acts 9). However, the patriarchate is still called the Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Antioch. Damascus
Damascus
is the seat also of the Syrian Catholic and the Melkite Catholic Patriarchs of Antioch, while the Maronite Catholic of Antioch
Antioch
lives in Bkerké, Lebanon.[3] The four early Orthodox (Greek) patriarchates of the East, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch
Antioch
and Jerusalem, along with their Latin Catholic counterpart in the West, Rome, are distinguished as "senior" (Greek: πρεσβυγενή, presbygenē, "senior-born") or "ancient" (παλαίφατα, palèphata, "of ancient fame") and are among the apostolic sees, having had one of the Apostles or Evangelists as their first bishop: Andrew, Mark, Peter, James, and Peter again, respectively. In the Roman Catholic Church, some patriarchal titles are purely honorary, without an actual residential see, and hence termed Titular Patriarch(ate)s, either vested in another (residential) patriarchal see or in the Pope's gift. A patriarchate has "legal personality" in some legal jurisdictions, that means it is treated as a corporation. For example, the Orthodox Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
filed a lawsuit in New York, decided in 1999, against Christie's
Christie's
Auction House, disputing the ownership of the Archimedes Palimpsest. The head of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church
Czechoslovak Hussite Church
is also called a Patriarch. Along with the head of the Catholic Church of England & Wales Tridentine.

Contents

1 See also 2 References 3 Sources 4 External links

See also[edit]

Apostolic See Bishop Episcopal See Holy See

References[edit]

^ Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
2012, pp. 3-8. The title of " Patriarch
Patriarch
of the West" for the Pope
Pope
is no longer in use. ^ In his motu proprio [http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/paul_vi/motu_proprio/documents/hf_p-vi_motu-proprio_19650211_ad-purpuratorum_lt.html Ad Purpuratorum Patrum of 11 February 1965, Pope
Pope
Paul VI decreed that Eastern Catholic Patriarchs who became cardinals would be ranked as Cardinal Bishops, not Cardinal Priests, as had previously been the case, and that they would yield precedence only to the six Cardinal Bishops who hold the titles of the suburbicarian sees. ^ Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
2012, pp. 3-5

Sources[edit]

Nedungatt, George, ed. (2002). A Guide to the Eastern Code: A Commentary on the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches. Rome: Oriental Institute Press. 

External links[edit]

 Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). " Patriarch
Patriarch
and Patriarchate". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Co

.