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PATNA MUSEUM is the state museum of the Indian state of Bihar
Bihar
. Started on 3 April 1917 during the British Raj
British Raj
to house the historical artefacts found in the vicinity of Patna
Patna
, it is in the style of Mughal and Rajput
Rajput
architecture and is known locally as the JADU GHAR.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Collections * 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 References

HISTORY

The Museum was constructed by the British to conserve and display the historical artifacts found in the vicinity of the state capital. The concept of having a museum arose in 1912, after Bihar
Bihar
and Bengal
Bengal
were separated. Patna
Patna
Museum started functioning in 1915 from the commissioner's bungalow, on the campus of A. N. Sinha Institute.

The artifacts were then shifted to new rooms at the Patna
Patna
High Court building before being taken to the present building in 1929. The land that was selected for the museum, in 1925, was on Patna-Gaya road (now Budh Marg). The two-storeyed building, designed by Rai Bahadur Bishnu Swarup, was completed in 1928. It was opened as the first museum of Bihar
Bihar
and Orissa Province by then Governor of Bihar
Bihar
and Orissa, Sir Hugh Lansdown Stephenson .

COLLECTIONS

Didarganj Yakshi in the Patna
Patna
Museum.

Items on display in the multipurpose museum include archaeological objects, coins, art objects, paintings, instruments, textiles, paintings, thankas , bronze images and sculptures and terra cotta images by Hindu and Buddhist artists. It has a rare collection of British-period paintings depicting day-to-day life, as well as a fine collection related to the first President of India
President of India
, Rajendra Prasad
Rajendra Prasad
. It also houses a World War I cannon.

The fossil of a tree said to be more than 200 million years old is on display, as is a casket — unearthed in 1958 by archaeologist, A. S. Altekar , at the Relic Stupa
Stupa
of Vaishali — said to contain the sacred ashes (relics ) of Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
. A Didarganj Yakshi statue, discovered on a Ganges
Ganges
riverbank in 1917, is the museum's most prized collection.

Beginning November 2009, a project was started to build a replacement museum in Patna
Patna
to enable the display of larger collections.

GALLERY

*

Brick Sculpture of Buddha *

'Dwar Stambh', Udyagiri, 8th Century AD *

Buddha, Gaya, 10th Century *

Samvara, Ratnagir, 10th Century *

Tara, Gaya, 10th-11th Century

SEE ALSO

* Bihar
Bihar
Museum * Jalan Museum

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D " Patna
Patna
Museum". patna.bih.nic.in. Archived from the original on 29 December 2006. Retrieved 23 July 2016. * ^ "Museum fun plan to woo kids". Telegraphindia.com. 2014-02-10. Retrieved 2014-03-06. * ^ " Patna
Patna
Museum to turn 100 today". * ^ "Exhibition on 100 yrs of museum concludes". * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2008. * ^ A B Abhay Kumar, Patna, 21 December 2013: (2013-12-21). "Museum artefacts find place in Belgium festival". Deccanherald.com. Retrieved 2014-03-06. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ "Destinations :: Patna
Patna
:: Bihar
Bihar
State Tourism Development Corporation". Bstdc.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 23 July 2016. * ^ Pranava K. Chaudhary, "Holy ashes fail to attract pilgrims" in Times of India
Times of India
, 1 March 2003.

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