Patna Museum is the state museum of the Indian state of Bihar. Started
on 3 April 1917 during the
British Raj to house the historical
artefacts found in the vicinity of Patna, it is in the style
of Mughal and
Rajput architecture and is known locally as the Jadu
4 See also
The Museum was constructed by the British to conserve and display the
historical artifacts found in the vicinity of the state capital. The
concept of having a museum arose in 1912, after
Patna Museum started functioning in 1915 from the
commissioner's bungalow, on the campus of A. N. Sinha Institute.
The artifacts were then shifted to new rooms at the
Patna High Court
building before being taken to the present building in 1929. The land
that was selected for the museum, in 1925, was on Patna-Gaya road (now
Budh Marg). The two-storeyed building, designed by Rai Bahadur Bishnu
Swarup, was completed in 1928. It was opened as the first museum
Bihar and Orissa Province by then Governor of
Bihar and Orissa, Sir
Hugh Lansdown Stephenson.
Items on display in the multipurpose museum include archaeological
objects, coins, art objects, paintings, instruments, textiles,
paintings, thankas, bronze images and sculptures and terra cotta
images by Hindu and Buddhist artists. It has a rare collection of
British-period paintings depicting day-to-day life, as well as a fine
collection related to the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad.
It also houses a World War I cannon.
The fossil of a tree said to be more than 200 million years old is on
display, as is a casket — unearthed in 1958 by
archaeologist, A. S. Altekar, at the Relic
Stupa of Vaishali —
said to contain the sacred ashes (relics) of Gautama Buddha. A
Didarganj Yakshi statue, discovered on a
Ganges riverbank in 1917, was
the museum's most prized collection, which was later shifted to
Bihar Museum. The artefacts from ancient India era to 1764 are kept in
Bihar Museum and those of post-1764 period are kept at Patna
Beginning November 2009, a project was started to build a replacement
Patna to enable the display of larger collections.
Brick Sculpture of Buddha
'Dwar Stambh', Udyagiri, 8th Century AD
Buddha, Gaya, 10th Century
Samvara, Ratnagir, 10th Century
Tara, Gaya, 10th-11th Century
^ a b c d "
Patna Museum". patna.bih.nic.in. Archived from the original
on 29 December 2006. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
^ "Museum fun plan to woo kids". Telegraphindia.com. 2014-02-10.
Patna Museum to turn 100 today".
^ "Exhibition on 100 yrs of museum concludes".
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved
29 November 2008.
^ a b Abhay Kumar, Patna, 21 December 2013: (2013-12-21). "Museum
artefacts find place in Belgium festival". Deccanherald.com. Retrieved
2014-03-06. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
^ "This museum in
Bihar houses a 2300-year-old sculpture carved out of
a single stone".
^ "Destinations :: Patna ::
Bihar State Tourism Development
Corporation". Bstdc.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
^ Pranava K. Chaudhary, "Holy ashes fail to attract pilgrims" in Times
of India, 1 March 2003.
^ "CM turns attention to
^ "CM for expansion of old
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