Patrick Lloyd McCrory (born October 17, 1956) is an American
businessman and politician who served as the 74th Governor of North
Carolina, from 2013 to 2017. He has served as the 53rd Mayor of the
city of Charlotte, North Carolina, and as a Charlotte city councilman.
He was appointed by
George W. Bush
George W. Bush to serve on the United States
Homeland Security Advisory Council (HSAC), from 2002 to 2006.
McCrory was the Republican nominee for
Governor of North Carolina
Governor of North Carolina in
the 2008 general election and was defeated 50% to 46% by Lieutenant
Governor Bev Perdue, the Democratic nominee. After the 2008
election loss, McCrory returned to the private sector.
On January 31, 2012, he launched his second campaign for governor,
winning the election later that year. While mayors of Charlotte
have had trouble winning statewide office, McCrory became the first
mayor of Charlotte to win the state's highest office, as well as the
first Republican state governor since 1993.
In 2013 McCrory signed a repeal of the
Racial Justice Act of 2009,
which had allowed appeals of death sentences in cases where racial
bias had influenced the conviction or sentence. It had been an effort
by the legislature to compensate for a history of racial bias that
resulted in a significantly higher rate of blacks sentenced to death
for murder than for whites convicted of the same crime.
In 2016, McCrory came to national attention after signing the Public
Facilities Privacy & Security Act. Among other provisions it
legislated that in government buildings, individuals may use only the
restrooms that correspond to the sex on their birth
certificates. This prevented transgender people who do not alter
their birth certificates from using the restroom consistent with their
gender identity. The United States Department of Justice, in
addition to several citizens, have filed lawsuits against McCrory and
the state. The Justice Department said that
North Carolina is in
violation of federal civil rights laws. Separately, McCrory has
filed suit against the federal government, asking a court to find the
state law constitutional.
In 2016, McCrory lost a competitive re-election campaign against state
attorney general Roy Cooper. Commentators attributed his loss to a
backlash in the state against his support for HB2, from people who had
supported recognizing transgender rights to use facilities consistent
with their gender. On election night, the race was too close to
call; McCrory trailed Cooper by about 5000 votes, with tens of
thousands of absentee and provisional ballots had not yet been
counted. The McCrory campaign filed election protests alleging
that voter fraud helped Cooper in 50 counties, but no fraud
was found. It was not until December 5 that McCrory conceded the race
to Cooper. In a later speech at a Republic Party convention in 2017,
McCrory went on to blame his loss on "...the non-citizen vote". He
is the first sitting governor of
North Carolina to lose a bid for
Charles Manly in 1850.
1 Early life, education and business career
2 Political career
2.1 Charlotte City Council, 1989–1995
2.2 Mayor of Charlotte, 1995–2009
2.2.3 National involvement and Homeland Security
2.2.4 NASCAR Hall of Fame
2.2.5 Awards and local involvement
2.3 Gubernatorial campaigns
2.3.1 2008 campaign
2.3.2 2009–2012 interim
2.3.3 2012 campaign
18.104.22.168 Campaign finance
2.3.4 2016 campaign
2.4 Governor of North Carolina
2.5 Disaster relief
2.5.1 Hurricane Matthew
2.5.4 "Moral Mondays" protests
2.5.5 Abortion access
2.5.6 Duke Energy
2.5.7 I-77 toll lane
2.5.8 Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act
2.5.9 Approval ratings
3 Electoral history
5 External links
Early life, education and business career
McCrory was born in Columbus, Ohio, the son of Audrey Mona (Herzberg)
and Rollin John McCrory. His family moved to North Carolina
when he was a child. He was raised Presbyterian and his family
attended First Presbyterian Church of Greensboro. He graduated in
Ragsdale High School
Ragsdale High School in Jamestown, North Carolina. He
Catawba College in Salisbury, North Carolina, where he
received degrees in Political Science and Education in 1978. McCrory
was active in the Student Government Association and was part of a
conservative backlash to the growing "hippie" culture at Catawba in
In 2001, McCrory gave the graduation keynote address at his alma
mater, Catawba College. The college awarded him an honorary doctorate
of legal letters. He currently serves as a member of Catawba
College's Board of Trustees.
In January 2008, after 28 years with Duke Energy, he retired from the
company to run full-time for governor. In January 2009, McCrory was
named a partner with Charlotte-based McCrory & Company, a sales
consulting firm. In January 2010, he was named a Senior Director
of Strategic Initiatives for Charlotte-based law firm Moore & Van
Allen PLLC. He is a 2014 Young Leader Alumni member of the American
Charlotte City Council, 1989–1995
McCrory began his political career in Charlotte in 1989 when he was
At-Large City Councilman. He was re-elected in 1991 and
1993, and served as Mayor
Pro Tem from 1993–1995.
Mayor of Charlotte, 1995–2009
In 1995, he was elected mayor of the city of Charlotte, succeeding
Richard Vinroot, who ran unsuccessfully for the 1996 Republican
gubernatorial nomination. At the age of 39, McCrory was the city's
youngest mayor. McCrory gained a reputation as a very popular,
affable mayor. In the 2007 mayoral election, he defeated
seven-term Democratic state Rep. Beverly Earle, 61 to 39 percent.
McCrory announced in late 2008, shortly after his gubernatorial
campaign, that he would not seek an eighth term. McCrory is the city
of Charlotte's longest-serving mayor.
McCrory helped develop Charlotte's 25-year transportation and land-use
plan. Working closely with
U.S. Senator Jesse Helms, McCrory made
efforts to secure $200 million in federal funds for the city's new
Lynx Light Rail
Lynx Light Rail system. The plan helped expand bus service in
Charlotte as well as bringing light rail to the city. The
light-rail line has been cited as McCrory's biggest achievement as
Despite criticism, light rail proved to be financially successful, and
there are currently 15 stations in the system, which carries an
average of 20,000 passengers per day (2009).
During McCrory's tenure (1995–2009), Charlotte's population grew by
20%, and the population of
Uptown Charlotte increased to over 13,000
people. McCrory led the effort to recruit such companies as TIAA-CREF,
General Dynamics Armament, The
Westin Hotel, and Johnson & Wales
Charlotte Arena and the U.S. Whitewater Center were
opened during his term. In 2005, Money magazine listed Charlotte in
its Top 3 Best Places to Live and
Reader's Digest named it one of the
20 Cleanest Cities in America.
National involvement and Homeland Security
McCrory has also been involved in many national organizations, having
served as president of the Republican Mayors and Local Officials
(RMLO) organization; chairman of the
U.S. Conference of Mayors
U.S. Conference of Mayors (USCM)
Committee for Housing and Community Development; six-term Chair of the
USCM Environmental Committee; and founder and inaugural chairman of
North Carolina Metropolitan Coalition. McCrory was also the only
elected official to serve on the national board of the Afterschool
Alliance and was a featured Mayor in Harvard University's Faith-based
In 2003, President
George W. Bush
George W. Bush appointed McCrory to the U.S.
Homeland Security Advisory Council alongside Mitt Romney, Sonny
Perdue, and Lee H. Hamilton.
NASCAR Hall of Fame
As mayor, McCrory spearheaded the effort with local business leaders,
local officials, and NASCAR teams to bring the
NASCAR Hall of Fame
NASCAR Hall of Fame to
Charlotte. On March 6, 2006, Charlotte beat out Atlanta, Daytona
Beach, Kansas City, and Richmond, Virginia, to be home to the Hall of
Awards and local involvement
McCrory established a Residential Tree Ordinance in 2004, which
required developers to save 10% of the trees in every new residential
development. He also established a Sidewalk Policy, which required
sidewalks in every new subdivision and provided funding for sidewalks
in neighborhoods without them, in order to encourage walking. He also
worked to integrate bike lanes into the city's transportation policy,
establishing 42 miles of bike lanes throughout the city.
In 2003, McCrory received the national Homeownership Hero Award,
recognizing his work in leading Charlotte to have one of the highest
homeownership rates in the country.
McCrory founded the Mayor's Mentoring Alliance in 1995 and has
personally served as a mentor to two youths. In 2005, Charlotte was
named as one of the '100 Best Communities for Youth' by America's
Promise. The Mayor's Mentoring Alliance has grown to include 40
youth-serving and mentoring organizations, among them Time Warner
Cable's "Time To Read" program. An additional partnership with the
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department initiated "Gang of One," an
after-school gang-prevention and intervention program that works to
keep children from joining gangs or helps lead them away from gang
McCrory has served as the honorary chair for the Charlotte chapter of
the Alzheimer's Foundation and the Arthritis Foundation.
North Carolina gubernatorial election, 2008
McCrory campaigning in 2008
McCrory reportedly commissioned a poll to test the waters for a run
for governor in November 2007, shortly after his seventh mayoral
re-election victory, but well after other Republican gubernatorial
candidates had begun campaigning. A 2007
Rasmussen Reports poll
had McCrory leading both major Democratic candidates,
Bev Perdue and
Richard H. Moore, by three points each.
The Raleigh News & Observer reported on January 9, 2008, that
McCrory had filed the necessary paperwork with the State Board of
Elections to run for governor. He announced his candidacy in his
hometown of Jamestown on January 15, 2008.
In the primary election on May 6, 2008, McCrory defeated four
opponents, including State Senator Fred Smith, to win the Republican
nomination for governor. During the primary, McCrory was
criticized for lacking conservative credentials and for the high taxes
and large debt accrued in Charlotte while he was mayor. McCrory
countered with negative ads against his foremost opponent, Sen. Fred
Smith, inaccurately accusing Smith of running up state debt while in
In the general election, Democratic lieutenant governor Bev Perdue
raised $5.6 million and ran attack ads against McCrory, criticizing
him on various issues. McCrory later referred to the ads as
"shameless, inaccurate, and negative". Perdue and McCrory
remained close, with the two often polling in a statistical tie in
what was the tightest race for governor in the nation. The McCrory
campaign spent $3.4 million, and an independent expenditure funded by
the Republican Governor's association assisted McCrory with a further
$6.2 million in spending for attack ads on Perdue. Perdue ran
slightly behind her opponent in polls released the week before the
election. Pundits speculated that Perdue was hurt by belonging to
the same party as the increasingly unpopular incumbent Governor Mike
Easley, and by McCrory's efforts to tag her as part of corruption in
Raleigh. Consultants also mentioned Perdue's "difficulty of being the
candidate of continuity in a change election."
In October 2008, McCrory received the endorsement of most major
newspapers in the state, which typically endorse Democrats.
McCrory's candidacy for governor was endorsed by the Raleigh News and
Observer, the Charlotte Observer, the Greensboro News &
Record, the Winston-Salem Journal, and the UNC-Chapel Hill
Daily Tar Heel.
Even so, Perdue squeaked out a win with 2,146,083 votes (50.27%) to
McCrory's 2,001,114 (46.88%), in what turned out to be the closest
gubernatorial election in the United States in 2008. McCrory failed to
win even in Charlotte, where he had been mayor for 14 years.
Following his defeat in the 2008 gubernatorial election, McCrory
announced that he would not seek a record eighth term as Charlotte
mayor in 2009. Having retired from
Duke Energy after 29 years of
service in early 2008 to run for governor, McCrory decided to return
to the private sector. He went on to work for his brother's consulting
firm, and also joined the law firm of Moore Van Allen. McCrory
also began to pave the way for a possible 2012 gubernatorial campaign
by remaining active in the
North Carolina Republican Party. He
spoke at numerous GOP county and district conventions and dinners, as
well as the 2009, 2010 & 2011 State GOP conventions. In 2010
he headlined a bus tour for Americans for Prosperity.
After being a centerpiece of the 2010 Republican takeover of the North
Carolina Legislature, McCrory worked closely with Senate Leader Phil
Berger and House Speaker Thom Tillis, both of whom hail from the
Charlotte area and are close friends of McCrory's.
North Carolina gubernatorial election, 2012
Gov. McCrory speaks at the Cary Innovation Center in 2012
Bev Perdue declined to seek re-election in 2012. McCrory
then announced his candidacy for governor on January 31, 2012. On
May 8, 2012, he won the Republican primary with 83.40% of the
vote. McCrory went on to defeat Democratic lieutenant governor
Walter Dalton in the general election, 55%–43%. It is the
largest margin of victory for a Republican in an open-seat race for
governor since Reconstruction.
When asked in a debate what further abortion restrictions he would
sign into law if elected, he answered, "None."
McCrory publicized his positions on the economy and education in two
white papers. One was called "The
North Carolina Comeback" and focused
on economic recovery. In it he stated that he would work to get the
unemployment rate below South Carolina's and also to restructure the
North Carolina's tax codes.
The other paper, "A Passion for Education," advocated several areas
for reform: more classroom technology, such as virtual courses and
hand-held technology; teacher merit-pay systems; and expansion of
charter schools. McCrory also suggested stopping social promotion of
some students and creating a new method of grading schools.
The Raleigh News & Observer reported that McCrory would declare
adding $2.2 million in the second quarter, totaling $4.4 million
available for campaign spending, with 98 percent of the donors from
North Carolina. For 2012, the
North Carolina Board of Elections
required second-quarter campaign-finance reports to be filed by July
11. In the first-quarter campaign-finance reports, McCrory showed
that his campaign added at least $1 million more to its bottom line
than Dalton's campaign. In the first quarter McCrory reported
outraising Dalton by more than $1 million. He also reported raising
nearly $3 million more than Dalton for the election cycle to date.
McCrory reported having $3.1 million cash on hand, and Dalton reported
North Carolina gubernatorial election, 2016
McCrory faced Attorney General
Roy Cooper in the hotly contested 2016
general election. On election night, the race was too close to call,
with fewer than 5000 votes separating the candidates out of more than
4.6 million cast.
On November 10, 2016, McCrory's campaign set up a legal defense fund
in anticipation of a legal battle and potential recount. The
campaign has cited "grave concerns over potential irregularities"
regarding 90,000 votes from Durham County.
After it has become apparent that he would not win, McCrory conceded
the race to Cooper on December 5.
During a special session, after conceding defeat in the election,
McCrory signed legislation into law that would reduce the power of
North Carolina governorship. On December 30, 2016, a state judge
temporarily blocked the law from going into effect, and a panel of
judges extended the block on January 5, 2017.
Governor of North Carolina
North Carolina gubernatorial election, 2012
Pat McCrory celebrating his election victory
McCrory took office on January 5, 2013, the first Republican
Governor of the state since
James G. Martin
James G. Martin left office on January 9,
1993. His swearing-in gave the Republicans complete control of
state government for the first time since Reconstruction.
McCrory's election marked the first time that Republicans controlled
both houses of the General Assembly as well as the governorship since
1870. Since taking office, McCrory has signed into law a number of
bills promoting conservative governance.
He signed legislation which made
North Carolina the 8th state to cut
unemployment benefits since the 2007 start of the Great Recession. In
addition to cutting maximum weekly unemployment benefits by 35%, the
state reduced the maximum number of weeks of assistance to between 12
and 20, down from 26. The cut prevents 170,000 North Carolinians from
benefiting from federal emergency extended benefits, which require a
minimum of 26 weeks of state support, but also allows the state's
unemployment fund, which had become bankrupt over the course of the
recession, to become solvent three years sooner. The move was
criticized by some for passing up federal support and weakening the
government safety net when the state had the nation's 5th-highest
In March 2013, citing concerns about the sustainability of the
program, McCrory signed a bill that opted the state out of the
Medicaid program of the
Affordable Care Act
Affordable Care Act of 2009, which
would have provided healthcare coverage to 500,000 North
Carolinians. He has also proposed managing
by enrolling patients in managed-care programs run by private
In May 2013, McCrory signed a
North Carolina adaptation of Caylee's
Law after receiving unanimous consent in the General Assembly.
Caylee's Law had been enacted by several state legislatures in
response to the verdict in the
Casey Anthony trial, which garnered
national attention. The law makes a parent/caregiver who deliberately
fails to report their child missing guilty of a Class I Felony, among
other felonious acts such as concealing the death of a child under the
McCrory signed into law a bill repealing the state's controversial
Racial Justice Act of 2009. The law was unique in that it allowed
inmates facing the death penalty to use broad statistics to challenge
their sentences on the basis of alleged racial discrimination.
Prior to repeal of the Racial Justice Act, nearly every death row
inmate, regardless of race, used the law as a basis to file an appeal.
The delays caused by those appeals still persist today. The state
North Carolina has not executed an inmate since 2006.
He signed legislation to require voters to present government-issued
photo identification in order to vote, repeal same-day voter
registration, and reduce the number of days of early voting. In
July 2016, a three-judge panel of the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals
struck down the photo ID provisions, finding that they targeted
African Americans "with almost surgical precision" and that the
legislators had acted with "discriminatory intent" in enacting the
strict election rules. McCrory has said the three-judge panel
has a liberal makeup, and says that 33 states have enacted some form
of voter ID requirement.
In July 2013, McCrory signed tax reform legislation that created a
modified flat-tax system for the state by specifying a single
income-tax rate and a larger standard deduction but eliminating the
personal exemption. It also repealed North Carolina's estate tax.
In August 2013, McCrory signed into law the Regulatory Reform Act of
2013. The legislation, according to the bill, was "an act to improve
and streamline the regulatory process in order to stimulate job
creation, to eliminate unnecessary regulation, to make various other
statutory changes, and to amend certain environmental and natural
resource laws." The law requires all previous rules and
regulations not mandated by federal law to be reviewed over ten years
by the Rules Review Commission through a three-step process.
In June 2014, McCrory signed the Energy Modernization Act of 2014 into
law. The bill allows hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," in the
state, and criminalizes the disclosure of fracking chemicals, lifting
a 2012 moratorium that blocked fracking permits. "We remain intensely
focused on creating good jobs, particularly in our rural areas,"
McCrory said. "We have watched and waited as other states moved
forward with energy exploration, and it is finally our turn. This
legislation will spur economic development at all levels of our
economy, not just the energy sector." Once the state completes its
regulations, the law will allow for permits to be issued without
additional approval. The bill also criminalizes the disclosure of
chemicals or substances used by oil and gas companies during the
fracking process. The legislation also bans local governments from
interfering with oil and gas exploration, development, and production
McCrory issued his first veto as governor in August 2013, of a bill
that would have required people applying for welfare benefits to pass
a drug test. He later also vetoed a bill that extended from 90
days to nine months the amount of time that an employee could work
without undergoing a background check in the
E-Verify system. Both
vetoes were overridden by the General Assembly in September 2013,
meaning that both bills became law.
In June 2014, McCrory vetoed a bill because of a provision altering
the makeup of the Division of Employment Security Board of
On May 28, 2015, McCrory vetoed a bill that would have allowed
magistrates with religious objections to refuse to perform same-sex
marriages. The next day, McCrory vetoed a variation on an
"ag-gag" bill. Both of these vetoes were overridden by the
McCrory signed the largest education budgets in
North Carolina history
in 2013 and 2015. A number of education changes were included in the
state budget enacted in 2013 and 2016. McCrory supports merit-based
pay in some cases. McCrory entered office in 2013 with teacher pay
ranked 47th in the nation, and by 2016, the state's ranking moved up
41st in the nation. McCrory signed the largest teacher pay raise in
the nation in 2016, which led to average teacher pay rising to $50,000
per year. The rankings for year 2017 will account for the 2016 pay
raises. Those yet-to-be-released rankings are expected to move North
Carolina up several slots. School districts are authorized to
give $500-per-year raises to up to 25% of teachers. Low-income
students are now eligible to receive vouchers up to $4,200 toward the
cost of attending private schools. Teacher tenure has been replaced
with a contract system. State funding for
Teach for America
Teach for America has been
increased to $6 million.
In a nationally broadcast radio interview with conservative talk-show
host William Bennett, McCrory made a series of comments on the future
of higher education in
North Carolina that generated controversy.
McCrory stated that "some of the educational elite have taken over our
education where we are offering courses that have no chance of getting
people jobs," and later responded to a comment Bennett made on gender
studies courses by saying: "That's a subsidized course. If you want to
take gender studies, that's fine, go to a private school and take it.
But I don't want to subsidize that if that's not going to get someone
"Moral Mondays" protests
Pat McCrory for Governor logo
The bills signed into law by McCrory and proposed legislation have
been the target of ongoing "Moral Monday" civil disobedience protests,
organized in part by local religious leaders including
William Barber II, head of the
North Carolina chapter of the NAACP.
Cited reasons for the protests include legislation recently passed or
proposed changes to Medicaid, changes to voting regulations, school
vouchers, and tax reform. McCrory has criticized the
protests as unlawful and a drain on state resources, and has
declined to meet with them, later stating "outsiders are coming
in and they're going to try to do to us what they did to Scott Walker
In July 2013, McCrory signed into law legislation which required
abortion providers to meet the same standards as surgical centers,
allowed health-care providers to decline to perform abortions, and
prevented any public health-insurance policy from paying for
abortions. Abortion-rights groups criticized McCrory, who had promised
during his campaign that he would not sign new abortion restrictions.
McCrory responded: "This law does not further limit access, and those
who contend it does are more interested in politics than the health
and safety of our citizens." WRAL stated that the legislation
broke McCrory's campaign pledge.
Following a February 2, 2014, coal-ash spill that was the
third-largest of its kind in US history, the US Attorney's Office
opened a grand-jury investigation into Duke Energy. McCrory had been
an employee of
Duke Energy for 28 years, and critics said his
administration had intervened on Duke's behalf to settle lawsuits over
environmental violations. The U.S. Attorney's office
subpoenaed 23 officials of the McCrory administration and sought
records of "investments, cash or other items of value" passed from
Duke to McCrory administration officials, but produced charges
only aimed at
Duke Energy in February 2015.
Duke Energy was fined
$99,111 for leaks from ponds at two power plants; the amount was part
of a deal made by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources'
secretary, John E. Skvarla III.
On March 8, 2015, the McCrory administration fined
Duke Energy $25
million for years of groundwater pollution, the largest fine for
environmental damage ever imposed by the state. The second-largest
fine ever imposed by the state was in 1986 for $5.7 million.
In August 2014, McCrory announced that he had previously owned more
than $10,000 in
Duke Energy stock and that he sold the stock after the
coal-ash spill without disclosing the sale in state ethics filings.
His lawyer stated that the mistake was based on the lawyer's
misunderstanding of the timeframe covered by the earlier
I-77 toll lane
Under McCrory, the NCDOT signed a 50-year contract with Cintra, a
Spanish company, to add variable toll lanes to I-77 (a major, heavily
congested trucking route and North-South corridor through the state)
so as to provide a reliable travel speed of 45 mph (72 km/h)
for those who pay the toll. The fee per mile will fluctuate in order
to keep the toll lane from being over-crowded.
Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act
On March 23, 2016, McCrory signed the Public Facilities Privacy &
Security Act (commonly known as House Bill 2 or HB2). The law
eliminates and forbids cities to re-establish anti-discrimination
protections for gay and transgender people, and legislates that in
government buildings, people may only use restrooms that correspond to
the sex on their birth certificates, which prevents transgender
people who do not or cannot alter their birth certificates from using
the restroom consistent with their gender identity. More broadly,
the law eliminates municipal anti-discrimination policies concerning
race, gender, and veteran status or military service, and it prohibits
municipalities from establishing a local minimum wage. McCrory
stated that the law was in response to the Charlotte City Council on
February 22, 2016, passing a non-discrimination ordinance prohibiting
discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity
in public accommodations (including restrooms) or by passenger
vehicles for hire or city contractors. McCrory had asked
council members not to pass the ordinance. The speaker of the
House and lieutenant governor invoked a rarely-used constitutional
provision to call themselves into session, without the governor
calling it, by collecting enough signatures from legislators. On
March 23, 2016, the legislature sent the Public Facilities Privacy
& Security Act to the governor's desk for his signature and
McCrory signed the bill on the same evening it passed.
The law sparked public protests and motivated entertainers such
as Bruce Springsteen to cancel shows, and companies have
pulled jobs and investments out of NC: PayPal stopped a planned
expansion that would have created 400 jobs, Lionsgate moved
production of a television show out of the state, Deutsche Bank
halted plans to add 250 jobs in the state, and over 160 other
companies have called for the law's repeal. Several states and
cities, including Atlanta, have banned official travel to North
Carolina. Time Warner Cable News estimated that as of April 22,
the law had cost the state over 1750 jobs and over $77 million of
investments and visitor spending. On July 21, 2016, the NBA
announced that it would move the 2017 All-stars game out of
Charlotte. The NBA's decision to move the All-Star game away from
Charlotte outraged Republicans who noted Charlotte was chosen for the
All-Star game by the league after the city had voted down a similar
ordinance itself. Republicans also noted HB2 had no jurisdiction over
private facilities, meaning the league could set any bathroom policy
it preferred for game it was to host in Charlotte. September 12, 2016,
the NCAA announced that it would pull their championship games from NC
due to their opposition of HB2.
On Tuesday, April 12, McCrory signed an executive order that "expands
the state's employment policy for state employees to cover sexual
orientation and gender identity" and "seeks legislation to reinstate
the right to sue in state court for discrimination." McCrory's
executive order also encouraged the General Assembly to reinstate the
ability for residents to sue an employer in state court for
discrimination. On July 28, 2016, the General Assembly officially
restored that portion of the law.
On several occasions, McCrory pushed for a deal that would repeal HB2
in exchange for the City of Charlotte voting to repeal their
ordinance. On September 19, 2016, a Charlotte news station reported a
majority of Charlotte City Councilmen had agreed to repeal their
ordinance, which would have led to the legislature repealing HB2. A
Democratic member of the
North Carolina legislature told the station a
fellow member of the legislature personally lobbied Democratic members
of the Charlotte City Council to keep the ordinance in place, which
would, in turn, keep HB2 in place, creating a wedge issues to boost
Democratic turnout in the November 2016 general election.
On July 1, 2016, WBTV reported members of the General Assembly had an
agreement in place to come back into session and repeal the
controversial portions of HB2. In this case, it was reported
then-Attorney General and Democratic candidate for governor Roy
Cooper, played an integral role in killing the compromise bill.
According to the report, 10 House Democrats had signed on to the plan
to alter HB2 in a way that would satisfy the business community. The
report stated Cooper personally called the 10 Democrats and demanded
they vote against the bill if they "wanted to be on the team in
North Carolina Republican Party said Cooper helped kill
the bill in order to keep the controversial issue alive in his bid to
unseat Republican Pat McCrory.
According to polling by the Civitas Institute, McCrory's approval
rating during his first year in office fell 15 percentage points to
49% between June and July 2013. A second poll conducted in July
2013 indicated that the governor's approval rating had fallen to 40%,
down from 45% in June. The same poll indicated that only 35% of voters
approved of the Republican-led state government. At the start of
April 2015, the liberal Public Policy Polling firm found McCrory to
have an approval rating of 36% and a disapproval rating of 45%.
Towards the end of his term in office, in September 2016, a poll
commissioned by Bloomberg Politics reported 49% of North Carolinians
approving of his job performance, and 44% disapproved.
North Carolina Republican gubernatorial primary election, 2012
Charles Kenneth Moss
North Carolina gubernatorial election, 2012
Write-in candidates (miscellaneous)
Donald Kreamer (write-in)
North Carolina Republican gubernatorial primary election, 2016
Pat McCrory (incumbent)
Charles Kenneth Moss
North Carolina's gubernatorial election, 2016 
Pat McCrory (incumbent)
Margin of victory
Democratic gain from Republican
^ "Ann McCrory NC Gov. Pat McCrory's Wife (Bio)". March 25, 2016.
Retrieved March 1, 2018.
^ Gary Robertson (2008-11-04). "Democrat Perdue becomes NC's 1st
female governor". Associated Press. access-date= requires url=
^ a b Morrill, Jim (November 6, 2008). "Losing is new for McCrory".
Charlotte Observer. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
^ a b "
Pat McCrory joins Moore & Van Allen". Moore & Van Allen
PLLC. January 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
^ "Mayor Patrick McCrory of Charlotte, N.C., advocates Bay area rail".
Tampa Bay Business Journal. November 3, 2009. Retrieved January 11,
^ Beckwith, Ryan Teague (January 15, 2008). "What is the Queen City
Curse?". Raleigh News and Observer. Archived from the original on
March 7, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
North Carolina Bans Local Anti-Discrimination Policies". The New
York Times. March 24, 2016. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
^ a b c d e "What Just Happened In North Carolina?". TPM. Retrieved
March 27, 2016.
^ CNN, Joe Sterling, Eliott C. McLaughlin and Joshua Berlinger. "U.S.,
North Carolina file lawsuits over bathroom bill in transgender rights
^ ABC News. "NC College System's Federal Funds in Crosshairs of LGBT
Law". ABC News. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
^ Craig Jarvis, Anne Blythe, Michael Gordon, McCrory, NC lawmakers sue
Justice Department over HB2; feds counter with lawsuit, May 9, 2016,
The Charlotte Observer
^ "Public Policy Polling".
^ "A new poll has McCrory losing re-election by 4 points in North
Carolina as HB2 backlash continues".
^ a b "In North Carolina, a Governor's Race Is Too Close to Call". The
New York Times. November 9, 2016.
^ "Outcome of NC governor race comes down to still uncounted
^ Bradley, Jim (November 18, 2016). "Gov.
Pat McCrory protesting vote
counts in 50 counties".
^ "Gov. McCrory protests votes in 50 counties". November 17,
^ Craven, Julia (June 6, 2017). "
Pat McCrory Is Still Mad He Wasn't
Re-elected Governor Of North Carolina". Retrieved March 1, 2018 –
via Huff Post.
^ Robillard, Kevin. "McCrory Concedes in North Carolina".
^ Dalesio, Emery. "
North Carolina Gov. McCrory Concedes He Lost
Re-Election Bid". ABC News. Archived from the original on December 5,
^ "Governor of the State of
North Carolina - Patrick Lloyd "Pat"
McCrory". Carolana.com. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
^ "Birth Record of Patrick Lloyd McCrory Born to Rollin John McCrory
and Audrey Mona McCrory". Birth-records.mooseroots.com. Retrieved
^ "Pat McCrory: The unlikely resurrection of unconventional
Republican". Yes Weekly. [permanent dead link]
^ Fresh Eyes:
Pat McCrory for president, March 6, 2014
^ Ford, Emily (May 13, 2001). "281 Catawba graduates celebrate
Saturday's festivities". The Salisbury Post. Archived from the
original on December 16, 2005. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
^ "Board of Trustees". Catawba College. Retrieved January 11,
^ McCrory, Phil (January 28, 2009). "Press Release" (PDF). McCrory and
Company. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 25, 2012. Retrieved
January 11, 2013.
^ "Young Leader Election News Update".
^ Beckwith, Ryan Teague (December 13, 2007). "Under the Dome profile".
Raleigh News and Observer. Archived from the original on November 9,
2012. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
^ a b "McCrory for governor: Charlotte mayor would bring fresh and
innovative leadership to Raleigh". Daily Tar Heel. 2008-10-26.
Retrieved 2008-10-28. [dead link]
^ "Previous Election Day Results". City of Charlotte and Mecklenburg
County. Archived from the original on September 15, 2012. Retrieved
January 14, 2013.
^ [dead link], December 12, 2008.
^ "It's time to move on". The Charlotte Observer. December 12,
2008. [dead link]
^ ALEXANDER, AMES. "N.C. hits a milestone: 10 million people".
Charlotte Observer. Charlotte Observer. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
^ "Looking for real reform in the governor's race". Independent
Weekly. 2008-10-15. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
^ "Voters rally in support of transit tax". The Charlotte Business
Journal. November 7, 2007. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
^ Bowles, Tom (March 7, 2006). "The only choice". Sports illustrated.
Retrieved January 14, 2013.
^ Rosenberg, Brett (August 30, 2004). "Charlotte Mayor Patrick McCrory
Offers Lessons in Clean Air". The United States Conference of Mayors.
Retrieved January 14, 2013.
^ "Hometown Heroes". Cable in the Classroom. Retrieved January 14,
^ Morrill, Jim. "McCrory feeling out a run for governor?". The
Charlotte Observer. Archived from the original on December 9, 2007.
Retrieved January 14, 2013.
North Carolina 2008 Presidential Election". Rassmussen Reports.
Archived from the original on January 13, 2008. Retrieved January 14,
^ Beckwith, Ryan Teague (January 9, 2008). "McCrory files campaign
paperwork". The Raleigh News and Observer. Archived from the original
on October 25, 2008. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
^ Ingram, David (January 15, 2008). "McCrory announces run for N.C.
governor". The Raleigh News and Observer. Archived from the original
on September 21, 2008. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
^ "2008 Primary Election".
North Carolina State Board of Elections.
Retrieved January 14, 2013.
^ Beckwith, Ryan Teague (April 16, 2008). "Orr, Smith target McCrory
at debate". The Raleigh News and Observer. Archived from the original
on October 30, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
^ Reuger, B. K. (May 2, 2008). "Claims Dept: McCrory takes on Smith".
The Raleigh News and Observer. Archived from the original on October
30, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
^ a b Romoser, James (2008-11-05). "Perdue, in a first, edges
McCrory". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved 2008-11-25. [dead
^ Johnson, Mark (October 31, 2008). "Claims dept: McCrory's 'Henry'
radio ad". The Raleigh News and Observer. Archived from the original
on March 10, 2009. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
^ Hinchcliffe, Kelly (August 25, 2009). "Ask Anything: 10 questions
with Charlotte Mayor Pat McCrory". WRAL. Retrieved January 14,
^ a b Johnson, Mark; Benjamin Niolet (2008-11-02). "Race for Governor
Remains Close". The News & Observer. Archived from the original on
January 4, 2009. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
North Carolina State Board of Elections
^ "Is the Southern Strategy Dead?". American Prospect. 2008-10-24.
^ "McCrory visits Chapel Hill". Daily Tar Heel. 2008-10-30. Retrieved
2008-11-25. [dead link]
^ "McCrory's time". Raleigh News and Observer. October 26, 2008.
Archived from the original on October 29, 2008. Retrieved January 18,
^ "We recommend McCrory for governor". The Charlotte Observer. October
5, 2008. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
^ "Editorial endorsement: McCrory for governor". Greensboro News and
Record. October 12, 2008. Archived from the original on October 15,
2008. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
^ McCrory "Most likely to do great things"
^ "Governor". 2008 General Election Results.
North Carolina State
Board of Elections. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
^ Zash, Chelsi (December 11, 2008). "McCrory Won't Seek Another Term
As Charlotte Mayor". WFMY-TV. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
^ "Once moderate, McCrory sides with tea partyers in opposition to
Agenda 21". Raleigh News and Observer. June 7, 2012. Archived from the
original on August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
Pat McCrory to Address Republicans at 2009 NCGOP Convention". North
Carolina Republican Party. June 8, 2009. Retrieved January 18,
^ "Events". The
North Carolina 8th District Republican Party. Archived
from the original on July 9, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
^ "The Kochs in North Carolina: Campaign Finance".
^ "On the Record:
Pat McCrory critiques NC politics". WRAL. February
20, 2011. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
^ Frank, John (January 26, 2012). "Gov.
Bev Perdue will not run for
re-election". Raleigh News and Observer. Archived from the original on
October 25, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2013. CS1 maint: BOT:
original-url status unknown (link)
^ "McCrory Officially Kicks Off Second Campaign For Governor".
WITN-TV. AP. January 31, 2012. Archived from the original on June 4,
2013. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
^ "NC Governor – Republican". 2012 Primary Election. North Carolina
State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
^ "Official Results". November 6, 2012 General Election. North
Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
^ Terkel, Amanda (July 12, 2013). "
Pat McCrory Would Sign Motorcycle
Abortion Bill, Despite 2012 Campaign Promise". Huffington Post.
^ Frank, John (January 13, 2013). "McCrory offers bleak assessment of
state economy". The Charlotte Observer. Archived from the original on
February 15, 2013. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
^ Christensen, Rob (March 29, 2012). "
Pat McCrory lays out plan to
improve N.C. schools". Raleigh News and Observer. Archived from the
original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
Pat McCrory boasts $4.4 million war chest, $2.2 million in Q2
donations". Projects.newsobserver.com. July 8, 2012. Archived from the
original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
^ "N.C. Board of Elections: 2011–2012 Committee Reporting
Schedules". Ncsbe.gov. Archived from the original on July 23, 2013.
Retrieved July 19, 2013.
North Carolina Board of Elections 1Q Summary Report McCrory".
App.sboe.state.nc.us. Retrieved 2013-07-19. [permanent dead link]
North Carolina Board of Elections 1Q Summary Report Dalton".
App.sboe.state.nc.us. Archived from the original on December 24, 2012.
Retrieved July 19, 2013.
^ "McCrory sets up legal fund for vote count".
Roy Cooper Holds Thin Lead Over Gov.
Pat McCrory in North
Carolina". The New York Times. November 11, 2016.
^ Fausset, Richard (2016-12-05). "Pat McCrory, North Carolina
Governor, Concedes After Acrimonious Race". The New York Times. New
York, NY: The New York Times Inc.
^ Robillard, Kevin (December 16, 2016). "
North Carolina Governor Signs
Laws Restricting Successor's Power". Politico. Retrieved December 16,
^ Dalesio, Emery P. (December 30, 2016). "Judge Temporarily Blocks New
Law Limiting Power of Incoming
North Carolina Governor". PBS NewsHour.
Retrieved December 30, 2016.
^ Robertson, Gary D. (January 5, 2017). "Judges Decide to Keep North
Carolina Election Law Blocked". ABC News. Archived from the original
on January 6, 2017. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
^ "McCrory wins NC governor's race". BlueRidgeNow.com. 2012-11-06.
^ News & Observer: McCrory sworn in as governor Archived January
7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
^ Jim SuhrAssociated Press. "N.C. elects first GOP governor in two
decades; awaiting tally in Montana, Washington". San Jose Mercury
News. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
^ a b Fletcher, Michael A. (2013-05-26). "In North Carolina, unimpeded
GOP drives state hard to the right". The Washington Post.
ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
^ Brown, Robbie (2013-02-13). "
North Carolina Approves Benefit Cuts
for Unemployed". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved
^ "North Carolina: Jobless Benefits Are Cut". The New York Times. The
Associated Press. 2013-02-19. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved
^ "McCrory signs bill blocking
Medicaid expansion". Archived from the
original on October 30, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
Medicaid needs to serve whole patient". WRAL.com.
^ "RALEIGH: McCrory plan would open state's
Medicaid business to
private companies". Archived from the original on May 27, 2013.
Retrieved June 10, 2013.
^ "Caylee's Law/Report Missing Children". General Assembly of North
Carolina. Retrieved 2015-04-09.
^ "North Carolina's "Caylee's Law"". Retrieved 2015-04-09.
^ Severson, Kim (2013-06-05). "
Racial Justice Act Repealed in North
Carolina". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved
^ WRAL (2013-06-19). "McCrory signs repeal of Racial Justice
Act :: WRAL.com". WRAL.com. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
^ WRAL (2016-08-12). "Ten years after NC's last execution, AG
candidates concur death penalty should stay law :: WRAL.com".
WRAL.com. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
^ Ann E. Marimow (July 29, 2016). "Appeals court strikes down North
Carolina's voter-ID law". Washington Post. Retrieved July 29,
^ Julia Harte; Andy Sullivan (July 29, 2016). "
North Carolina Voter ID
Law Targeted African-Americans, Appeals Court Rules". Huffington Post.
Retrieved July 30, 2016.
^ "Voter ID laws help protect elections: Gov. McCrory". USA TODAY.
^ Jeanne Sahadi (2013-08-08). "North Carolina's Republican tax
experiment". CNN Money.
^ "General Assembly of
North Carolina Session 2013" (PDF). General
Assembly of North Carolina. Retrieved 2015-04-09.
North Carolina Enact Regulatory Reform Act of 2013". McGuire Woods.
North Carolina Governor Signs Bill To Allow Fracking". Law 360.
^ Burns, Matthew (August 15, 2013). "McCrory issues first veto,
rejecting welfare drug testing". WRAL.com. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
^ Binker, Mark (2013-09-06). "McCrory fires back after Senate
completes veto overrides". WRAL.com. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
^ "State of North Carolina: Governor Pat McCrory".
Governor.state.nc.us. June 6, 2014. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
^ "Governor McCrory Defends Constitution". Retrieved 2015-05-28.
^ "State of North Carolina: Governor Pat McCrory".
Governor.state.nc.us. May 29, 2015. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
^ Binker, Mark (June 3, 2015). "Lawmakers override McCrory veto on
controversial 'ag-gag' bill". WRAL.com. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
^ NC General Assembly webmasters. "
North Carolina General Assembly
North Carolina General Assembly –
Senate Bill 2 Information/History (2015–2016 Session)". Ncleg.net.
^ WRAL (2016-05-13). "NC teacher pay ranks 41st in nation; ranked 42nd
last year :: WRAL.com". WRAL.com. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
^ a b "N.C. teacher pay stranded by shifts in education laws".
Charlotte Observer. Archived from the original on August 18, 2013.
Retrieved August 18, 2013.
^ Charles Huckabee (2013-01-29). "N.C. Governor Wants to Tie
University Support to Jobs, Not Liberal Arts". The Chronicle of Higher
^ a b Laura Oleniacz (2013-06-06). "NC NAACP president promotes
demonstration". The Herald-Sun.
^ a b c "Protests to expand despite objections from Republican
leaders". WRAL.com. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
^ "Moral Monday crowd rallies for women's rights; 101 arrested".
WRAL.com. 2013-07-14. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
^ "McCrory blames Moral Monday on outsiders, Goolsby calls it "Moron
Monday"". News & Observer. Archived from the original on March 21,
2014. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
^ "The fine print on Pat McCrory's promises".
^ Binker, Mark (July 30, 2013). "Abortion law breaks McCrory promise".
WRAL.com. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
^ "Regulatory Favoritism in North Carolina". New York Times.
^ "US investigates NC coal ash spill". Associated Press. 2014-02-13.
^ Biesecker, Michael (2014-02-14). "INVESTIGATION INTO NC COAL ASH
SPILL WIDENS". Associated Press. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
^ "Federal probe appears to place blame with Duke Energy, not NC
DENR". newsobserver. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
^ "Ash Spill Shows How Watchdog Was Defanged". New York Times. March
21, 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
^ "NC fines
Duke Energy $25 million". newsobserver. Retrieved
^ Curliss, J. Andrew; Jarvis, Craig (August 13, 2014). "McCrory
Duke Energy holdings, sold stock after coal-ash spill". The
News & Observer. Archived from the original on August 28, 2014.
Retrieved August 28, 2014.
^ Davie Hinshaw (November 13, 2015) "Gov.
Pat McCrory sidesteps effort
to stop I-77 toll lanes". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved December
^ Reilly, Mollie (23 March 2016). "
North Carolina Governor Signs Bill
Banning Cities From Protecting LGBT People". Huffington Post.
^ "City Clerk" (PDF). City of Charlotte Government. Retrieved March 1,
^ "Council approves changes to non-discrimination ordinance".
charmeck.org. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
^ "Charlotte City Council approves LGBT protections in 7-4 vote".
charlotteobserver. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
^ "NC lawmakers heading for special session Wednesday to discuss LGBT
ordinance". newsobserver. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
^ "N.C. Gov
Pat McCrory signs into law bill restricting LGBT
protections". charlotteobserver. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
^ a b c d Jeremy Loeb & Associated Press, Updated with Video: US
North Carolina Over HB2, WCQS, published March 25, 2016, updated
May 9, 2016, accessed May 11, 2016
^ McCormick, JosephPatrick (April 8, 2016). "
Bruce Springsteen dumps
North Carolina over bigoted anti-LGBT law". PinkNews. Retrieved April
^ Goldman, David (April 5, 2016). "PayPal pulls 400 jobs from North
^ "TV show moves to B.C. after
North Carolina passes anti-gay
^ "Deutsche Bank to freeze new jobs in NC due to new transgender
^ ThinkProgress (April 17, 2016). "NBC's Chuck Todd Destroys Pat
McCrory's Defense Of
North Carolina Anti-LGBT Law —
^ "HB2 Has Cost NC 1750 Jobs, $77 Million". Time Warner Cable News
^ "NBA moves 2017 All-Star Game out of Charlotte over HB2; 2019 return
possible". charlotteobserver.com. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
^ "NCAA pulls championship events from
North Carolina over HB2".
charlotteobserver.com. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
^ CNN, Catherine E. Shoichet. "N.C. governor issues executive order
over HB2". CNN. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
^ Executive Order 93 signed by Governor
Pat McCrory April 12, 2016
^ Jarvis, Craig. "McCrory signs change to HB2 restoring state
discrimination lawsuits". newsobserver. Charlotte Observer. Retrieved
July 20, 2016.
^ Ochsner, Nick. "Efforts to repeal Charlotte non-discrimination
ordinance fell apart amid lobbying from lawmaker". Retrieved
^ Ochsner, Nick. "Bipartisan coalition to pass HB2 changes fell apart
amid pressure from Roy Cooper". Retrieved 2017-01-27.
^ "Civitas poll: Pat McCrory's favorability rating slips".
Fayetteville Observer. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013.
Retrieved August 1, 2013.
^ Hadas Gold. "
North Carolina abortion bill hurts Gov. Pat McCrory,
poll finds". Politico. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
^ "Bloomberg Politics
North Carolina Poll".
^ "Clinton, Trump Neck and Neck in North Carolina: Bloomberg Poll".
October 3, 2016. Retrieved March 1, 2018 – via
North Carolina State Board of Elections Official Results".
Retrieved March 1, 2018.
^ 11/08/2016 UNOFFICIAL GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS - STATEWIDE, North
Carolina Board of Elections
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pat McCrory.
Pat McCrory official
North Carolina government site
Pat McCrory for Governor
Pat McCrory at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Appearances on C-SPAN
Mayor of Charlotte
Governor of North Carolina
Party political offices
Republican nominee for Governor of North Carolina
2008, 2012, 2016
Governors and Lieutenant Governors of North Carolina
W. K. Scott
R. W. Scott