PATRICK LLOYD MCCRORY (born October 17, 1956) is an American
businessman and politician who served as the 74th Governor of North
Carolina , from 2013 to 2017. He has served as the 53rd Mayor of the
city of Charlotte , North Carolina, and as a Charlotte city
councilman. He was appointed by
George W. Bush
George W. Bush to serve on the United
Homeland Security Advisory Council (HSAC), from 2002 to 2006.
McCrory was the Republican nominee for
Governor of North Carolina in
the 2008 general election and was defeated 50% to 46% by Lieutenant
Beverly Perdue , the Democratic nominee. After the 2008
election loss, McCrory returned to the private sector.
On January 31, 2012, he launched his second campaign for governor,
winning the election later that year. While mayors of Charlotte have
had trouble winning statewide office, McCrory became the first mayor
of Charlotte to win the state's highest office, as well as the first
Republican state governor since 1993.
In 2013 McCrory signed a repeal of the
Racial Justice Act of 2009,
which had allowed appeals of death sentences in cases where racial
bias had influenced the conviction or sentence. It had been an effort
by the legislature to compensate for a history of racial bias that
resulted in a significantly higher rate of blacks sentenced to death
for murder than for whites convicted of the same crime.
In 2016, McCrory came to national attention after signing the Public
Facilities Privacy McCrory trailed Cooper by about 5000 votes, with
tens of thousands of absentee and provisional ballots had not yet been
counted. The McCrory campaign filed election protests alleging that
voter fraud helped Cooper in 50 counties but no fraud was found. It
was not until December 5 that McCrory conceded the race to Cooper. He
is the first sitting governor of
North Carolina to lose a bid for
Charles Manly in 1850.
* 1 Early life, education and business career
* 2 Political career
* 2.1 Charlotte City Council, 1989–1995
* 2.2 Mayor of Charlotte, 1995–2009
* 2.2.1 Transportation
* 2.2.2 Economy
* 2.2.3 National involvement and Homeland Security
NASCAR Hall of Fame
NASCAR Hall of Fame
* 2.2.5 Awards and local involvement
* 2.3 Gubernatorial campaigns
* 2.3.1 2008 campaign
* 2.3.2 2009–2012 interim
* 2.3.3 2012 campaign
* 18.104.22.168 Issues
* 22.214.171.124 Campaign finance
* 2.3.4 2016 campaign
Governor of North Carolina
* 2.5 Disaster relief
* 2.5.1 Hurricane Matthew
* 2.5.2 Legislation
* 126.96.36.199 Vetoes
* 2.5.3 Education
* 2.5.4 "Moral Mondays" protests
* 2.5.5 Abortion access
* 2.5.7 I-77 toll lane
Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act
* 2.5.9 Approval ratings
* 3 Electoral history
* 4 References
* 5 External links
EARLY LIFE, EDUCATION AND BUSINESS CAREER
McCrory was born in
Columbus, Ohio , the son of Audrey Mona
(Herzberg) and Rollin John McCrory. His family moved to North
Carolina when he was a child. He was raised Presbyterian and his
First Presbyterian Church of Greensboro . He
graduated in 1974 from
Ragsdale High School in Jamestown, North
Carolina . He attended
Catawba College in
Salisbury, North Carolina
Salisbury, North Carolina ,
where he received degrees in Political Science and Education in 1978.
McCrory was active in the Student Government Association and was part
of a conservative backlash to the growing "hippie" culture at Catawba
in the mid-1970s.
In 2001, McCrory gave the graduation keynote address at his alma
mater, Catawba College. The college awarded him an honorary doctorate
of legal letters. He currently serves as a member of Catawba
College's Board of Trustees.
In January 2008, after 28 years with
Duke Energy , he retired from
the company to run full-time for governor. In January 2009, McCrory
was named a partner with Charlotte-based McCrory & Company, a sales
consulting firm. In January 2010, he was named a Senior Director of
Strategic Initiatives for Charlotte-based law firm Moore ">
During McCrory's tenure (1995–2009), Charlotte's population grew by
20%, and the population of
Uptown Charlotte increased to over 13,000
people. McCrory led the effort to recruit such companies as TIAA-CREF,
General Dynamics Armament, The
Westin Hotel, and Johnson chairman of
U.S. Conference of Mayors (USCM) Committee for Housing and
Community Development; six-term Chair of the USCM Environmental
Committee; and founder and inaugural chairman of the North Carolina
Metropolitan Coalition. McCrory was also the only elected official to
serve on the national board of the Afterschool Alliance and was a
featured Mayor in
Harvard University 's Faith-based Executive Session.
In 2003, President
George W. Bush
George W. Bush appointed McCrory to the U.S.
Homeland Security Advisory Council alongside
Mitt Romney , Sonny
Perdue , and
Lee H. Hamilton .
NASCAR Hall Of Fame
As mayor, McCrory spearheaded the effort with local business leaders,
local officials, and NASCAR teams to bring the
NASCAR Hall of Fame
NASCAR Hall of Fame to
Charlotte. On March 6, 2006, Charlotte beat out
Atlanta , Daytona
Beach , Kansas City , and
Richmond, Virginia , to be home to the Hall
Awards And Local Involvement
McCrory established a Residential Tree Ordinance in 2004, which
required developers to save 10% of the trees in every new residential
development. He also established a Sidewalk Policy, which required
sidewalks in every new subdivision and provided funding for sidewalks
in neighborhoods without them, in order to encourage walking. He also
worked to integrate bike lanes into the city's transportation policy,
establishing 42 miles of bike lanes throughout the city.
In 2003, McCrory received the national Homeownership Hero Award,
recognizing his work in leading Charlotte to have one of the highest
homeownership rates in the country.
McCrory founded the Mayor's Mentoring Alliance in 1995 and has
personally served as a mentor to two youths. In 2005, Charlotte was
named as one of the '100 Best Communities for Youth' by America's
Promise. The Mayor's Mentoring Alliance has grown to include 40
youth-serving and mentoring organizations, among them Time Warner
Cable's "Time To Read" program. An additional partnership with the
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department initiated "Gang of One," an
after-school gang-prevention and intervention program that works to
keep children from joining gangs or helps lead them away from gang
McCrory has served as the honorary chair for the Charlotte chapter of
the Alzheimer's Foundation and the Arthritis Foundation.
North Carolina gubernatorial election, 2008
McCrory campaigning in 2008
McCrory reportedly commissioned a poll to test the waters for a run
for governor in November 2007, shortly after his seventh mayoral
re-election victory, but well after other Republican gubernatorial
candidates had begun campaigning. A 2007
Rasmussen Reports poll had
McCrory leading both major Democratic candidates,
Bev Perdue and
Richard H. Moore , by three points each.
News & Observer
News & Observer reported on January 9, 2008, that McCrory
had filed the necessary paperwork with the State Board of Elections to
run for governor. He announced his candidacy in his hometown of
Jamestown on January 15, 2008.
In the primary election on May 6, 2008, McCrory defeated four
opponents, including State Senator Fred Smith , to win the Republican
nomination for governor. During the primary, McCrory was criticized
for lacking conservative credentials and for the high taxes and large
debt accrued in Charlotte while he was mayor. McCrory countered with
negative ads against his foremost opponent, Sen. Fred Smith,
inaccurately accusing Smith of running up state debt while in the
In the general election, Democratic lieutenant governor Bev Perdue
raised $5.6 million and ran attack ads against McCrory, criticizing
him on various issues. McCrory later referred to the ads as
"shameless, inaccurate, and negative". Perdue and McCrory remained
close, with the two often polling in a statistical tie in what was
the tightest race for governor in the nation. The McCrory campaign
spent $3.4 million, and an independent expenditure funded by the
Republican Governor's association assisted McCrory with a further $6.2
million in spending for attack ads on Perdue. Perdue ran slightly
behind her opponent in polls released the week before the election.
Pundits speculated that Perdue was hurt by belonging to the same party
as the increasingly unpopular incumbent Governor
Mike Easley , and by
McCrory's efforts to tag her as part of corruption in Raleigh .
Consultants also mentioned Perdue's "difficulty of being the candidate
of continuity in a change election."
In October 2008, McCrory received the endorsement of most major
newspapers in the state, which typically endorse Democrats. McCrory's
candidacy for governor was endorsed by the
Raleigh News and Observer ,
Charlotte Observer , the
Greensboro News & Record , the
Winston-Salem Journal , and the
Daily Tar Heel .
Even so, Perdue squeaked out a win with 2,146,083 votes (50.27%) to
McCrory's 2,001,114 (46.88%), in what turned out to be the closest
gubernatorial election in the United States in 2008. McCrory failed to
win even in Charlotte, where he had been mayor for 14 years.
Following his defeat in the 2008 gubernatorial election, McCrory
announced that he would not seek a record eighth term as Charlotte
mayor in 2009. Having retired from
Duke Energy after 29 years of
service in early 2008 to run for governor, McCrory decided to return
to the private sector. He went on to work for his brother's consulting
firm, and also joined the law firm of Moore Van Allen. McCrory also
began to pave the way for a possible 2012 gubernatorial campaign by
remaining active in the
North Carolina Republican Party . He spoke at
numerous GOP county and district conventions and dinners, as well as
the 2009, 2010 "> Gov. McCrory speaks at the Cary Innovation Center
Bev Perdue declined to seek re-election in 2012. McCrory
then announced his candidacy for governor on January 31, 2012. On May
8, 2012, he won the Republican primary with 83.40% of the vote.
McCrory went on to defeat Democratic lieutenant governor Walter Dalton
in the general election, 55%–43%. It is the largest margin of
victory for a Republican in an open-seat race for governor since
When asked in a debate what further abortion restrictions he would
sign into law if elected, he answered, "None."
McCrory publicized his positions on the economy and education in two
white papers. One was called "The
North Carolina Comeback" and focused
on economic recovery. In it he stated that he would work to get the
unemployment rate below South Carolina's and also to restructure the
North Carolina's tax codes.
The other paper, "A Passion for Education," advocated several areas
for reform: more classroom technology, such as virtual courses and
hand-held technology; teacher merit-pay systems; and expansion of
charter schools. McCrory also suggested stopping social promotion of
some students and creating a new method of grading schools.
The Raleigh News ">
Pat McCrory celebrating his election victory
McCrory took office on January 5, 2013, the first Republican
Governor of the state since
James G. Martin left office on January 9,
1993. His swearing-in gave the Republicans complete control of state
government for the first time since Reconstruction.
McCrory's election marked the first time that Republicans controlled
both houses of the General Assembly as well as the governorship since
1870. Since taking office, McCrory has signed into law a number of
bills promoting conservative governance.
He signed legislation which made
North Carolina the 8th state to cut
unemployment benefits since the 2007 start of the
Great Recession . In
addition to cutting maximum weekly unemployment benefits by 35%, the
state reduced the maximum number of weeks of assistance to between 12
and 20, down from 26. The cut prevents 170,000 North Carolinians from
benefiting from federal emergency extended benefits, which require a
minimum of 26 weeks of state support, but also allows the state's
unemployment fund, which had become bankrupt over the course of the
recession, to become solvent three years sooner. The move was
criticized by some for passing up federal support and weakening the
government safety net when the state had the nation's 5th-highest
In March 2013, citing concerns about the sustainability of the
program, McCrory signed a bill that opted the state out of the
Medicaid program of the
Affordable Care Act of 2009, which
would have provided healthcare coverage to 500,000 North Carolinians.
He has also proposed managing
Medicaid accounts, by enrolling
patients in managed-care programs run by private companies.
In May 2013, McCrory signed a
North Carolina adaptation of Caylee\'s
Law after receiving unanimous consent in the General Assembly.
Caylee's Law had been enacted by several state legislatures in
response to the verdict in the
Casey Anthony trial, which garnered
national attention. The law makes a parent/caregiver who deliberately
fails to report their child missing guilty of a Class I Felony, among
other felonious acts such as concealing the death of a child under the
McCrory signed into law a bill repealing the state's controversial
Racial Justice Act of 2009. The law was unique in that it allowed
inmates facing the death penalty to use broad statistics to challenge
their sentences on the basis of alleged racial discrimination. Prior
to repeal of the Racial Justice Act, nearly every death row inmate,
regardless of race, used the law as a basis to file an appeal. The
delays caused by those appeals still persist today. The state of
North Carolina has not executed an inmate since 2006.
He signed legislation to require voters to present government-issued
photo identification in order to vote, repeal same-day voter
registration, and reduce the number of days of early voting. In July
2016, a three-judge panel of the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals
struck down the photo ID provisions, finding that they targeted
African Americans "with almost surgical precision" and that the
legislators had acted with "discriminatory intent" in enacting the
strict election rules. McCrory has said the three-judge panel has a
liberal makeup, and says that 33 states have enacted some form of
voter ID requirement .
In July 2013, McCrory signed tax reform legislation that created a
modified flat-tax system for the state by specifying a single
income-tax rate and a larger standard deduction but eliminating the
personal exemption. It also repealed North Carolina's estate tax.
In August 2013, McCrory signed into law the Regulatory Reform Act of
2013. The legislation, according to the bill, was "an act to improve
and streamline the regulatory process in order to stimulate job
creation, to eliminate unnecessary regulation, to make various other
statutory changes, and to amend certain environmental and natural
resource laws." The law requires all previous rules and regulations
not mandated by federal law to be reviewed over ten years by the Rules
Review Commission through a three-step process.
In June 2014, McCrory signed the Energy Modernization Act of 2014
into law. The bill allows hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," in the
state, and criminalizes the disclosure of fracking chemicals, lifting
a 2012 moratorium that blocked fracking permits. "We remain intensely
focused on creating good jobs, particularly in our rural areas,"
McCrory said. "We have watched and waited as other states moved
forward with energy exploration, and it is finally our turn. This
legislation will spur economic development at all levels of our
economy, not just the energy sector." Once the state completes its
regulations, the law will allow for permits to be issued without
additional approval. The bill also criminalizes the disclosure of
chemicals or substances used by oil and gas companies during the
fracking process. The legislation also bans local governments from
interfering with oil and gas exploration, development, and production
McCrory issued his first veto as governor in August 2013, of a bill
that would have required people applying for welfare benefits to pass
a drug test. He later also vetoed a bill that extended from 90 days
to nine months the amount of time that an employee could work without
undergoing a background check in the
E-Verify system. Both vetoes were
overridden by the General Assembly in September 2013, meaning that
both bills became law.
In June 2014, McCrory vetoed a bill because of a provision altering
the makeup of the Division of Employment Security Board of Review.
On May 28, 2015, McCrory vetoed a bill that would have allowed
magistrates with religious objections to refuse to perform same-sex
marriages. The next day, McCrory vetoed a variation on an "ag-gag "
bill. Both of these vetoes were overridden by the legislature.
McCrory signed the largest education budgets in North Carolina
history in 2013 and 2015. A number of education changes were included
in the state budget enacted in 2013 and 2016. McCrory supports
merit-based pay in some cases. McCrory entered office in 2013 with
teacher pay ranked 47th in the nation, and by 2016, the state's
ranking moved up 41st in the nation. McCrory signed the largest
teacher pay raise in the nation in 2016, which led to average teacher
pay rising to $50,000 per year. The rankings for year 2017 will
account for the 2016 pay raises. Those yet-to-be-released rankings are
expected to move
North Carolina up several slots. School districts
are authorized to give $500-per-year raises to up to 25% of teachers.
Low-income students are now eligible to receive vouchers up to $4,200
toward the cost of attending private schools. Teacher tenure has been
replaced with a contract system. State funding for Teach for America
has been increased to $6 million.
In a nationally broadcast radio interview with conservative talk-show
William Bennett , McCrory made a series of comments on the future
of higher education in
North Carolina that generated controversy.
McCrory stated that "some of the educational elite have taken over our
education where we are offering courses that have no chance of getting
people jobs," and later responded to a comment Bennett made on gender
studies courses by saying: "That's a subsidized course. If you want to
take gender studies, that's fine, go to a private school and take it.
But I don't want to subsidize that if that's not going to get someone
"Moral Mondays" Protests
Pat McCrory for Governor logo
The bills signed into law by McCrory and proposed legislation have
been the target of ongoing "Moral Monday" civil disobedience protests,
organized in part by local religious leaders including William
Barber II , head of the
North Carolina chapter of the NAACP . Cited
reasons for the protests include legislation recently passed or
proposed changes to Medicaid, changes to voting regulations, school
vouchers , and tax reform. McCrory has criticized the protests as
unlawful and a drain on state resources, and has declined to meet
with them, later stating "outsiders are coming in and they're going
to try to do to us what they did to Scott Walker in
In July 2013, McCrory signed into law legislation which required
abortion providers to meet the same standards as surgical centers,
allowed health-care providers to decline to perform abortions, and
prevented any public health-insurance policy from paying for
abortions. Abortion-rights groups criticized McCrory, who had promised
during his campaign that he would not sign new abortion restrictions.
McCrory responded: "This law does not further limit access, and those
who contend it does are more interested in politics than the health
and safety of our citizens." WRAL stated that the legislation broke
McCrory's campaign pledge.
Following a February 2, 2014, coal-ash spill that was the
third-largest of its kind in US history, the US Attorney's Office
opened a grand-jury investigation into
Duke Energy . McCrory had been
an employee of
Duke Energy for 28 years, and critics said his
administration had intervened on Duke's behalf to settle lawsuits over
environmental violations. The U.S. Attorney's office subpoenaed 23
officials of the McCrory administration and sought records of
"investments, cash or other items of value" passed from Duke to
McCrory administration officials, but produced charges only aimed at
Duke Energy in February 2015.
Duke Energy was fined $99,111 for leaks
from ponds at two power plants; the amount was part of a deal made by
the Department of Environment and Natural Resources' secretary, John
E. Skvarla III.
On March 8, 2015, the McCrory administration fined
Duke Energy $25
million for years of groundwater pollution, the largest fine for
environmental damage ever imposed by the state. The second-largest
fine ever imposed by the state was in 1986 for $5.7 million.
In August 2014, McCrory announced that he had previously owned more
than $10,000 in
Duke Energy stock and that he sold the stock after the
coal-ash spill without disclosing the sale in state ethics filings.
His lawyer stated that the mistake was based on the lawyer's
misunderstanding of the timeframe covered by the earlier disclosures.
I-77 Toll Lane
Under McCrory, the NCDOT signed a 50-year contract with Cintra, a
Spanish company, to add variable toll lanes to I-77 (a major, heavily
congested trucking route and North-South corridor through the state)
so as to provide a reliable travel speed of 45 mph (72 km/h) for those
who pay the toll. The fee per mile will fluctuate in order to keep the
toll lane from being over-crowded.
Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act
On March 23, 2016, McCrory signed the Public Facilities Privacy &
Security Act (commonly known as House Bill 2 or HB2). The law
eliminates and forbids cities to re-establish anti-discrimination
protections for gay and transgender people, and legislates that in
government buildings, people may only use restrooms that correspond to
the sex on their birth certificates, which prevents transgender
people who do not or cannot alter their birth certificates from using
the restroom consistent with their gender identity . More broadly,
the law eliminates municipal anti-discrimination policies concerning
race, gender, and veteran status or military service, and it prohibits
municipalities from establishing a local minimum wage. McCrory stated
that the law was in response to the Charlotte City Council on February
22, 2016, passing a non-discrimination ordinance prohibiting
discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity
in public accommodations (including restrooms) or by passenger
vehicles for hire or city contractors. McCrory had asked council
members not to pass the ordinance. The speaker of the House and
lieutenant governor invoked a rarely-used constitutional provision to
call themselves into session, without the governor calling it, by
collecting enough signatures from legislators. On March 23, 2016, the
legislature sent the Public Facilities Privacy
margin-bottom:-1px;border:1px solid #aaa;padding:.2em .4em">North
Carolina gubernatorial election, 2012
Write-in candidates (miscellaneous)
Donald Kreamer (write-in)
NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN GUBERNATORIAL PRIMARY ELECTION, 2016
PAT MCCRORY (INCUMBENT)
Charles Kenneth Moss
North Carolina's gubernatorial election, 2016
Pat McCrory (INCUMBENT)
MARGIN OF VICTORY
Democratic GAIN from Republican
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