Pasamalar (lit. The Flower of Love) is a 1961 Indian Tamil-language
drama film directed by A. Bhimsingh. It features Sivaji Ganesan,
Gemini Ganesan and Savithri in lead roles, while K. A. Thangavelu, M.
N. Rajam and
M. N. Nambiar
M. N. Nambiar play supporting roles. It tells the story
of Rajasekhar and his bonding with his younger sister Radha. Radha
falls in love with his brother's friend. Rajasekhar eventually
arranges for their marriage. Problems they face form the story. It was
the film adaptation of the
Malayalam writer Kottakara's story of the
The film was predominantly shot in Neptune Studios. The film was
produced by M. R. Santhanam and
K. Mohan under the production
companies, Rajamani Pictures and Mohan Arts respectively. The film's
original soundtrack was composed by
M. S. Viswanathan
M. S. Viswanathan and T. K.
Ramamoorthy, while the lyrics were written by Kannadasan. The story
for the film was written by K. P. Kottarakkara and the dialogues by
Pasamalar eventually became a trendsetter resulting in
similar themes about brother sister relationship.
Pasamalar was released on 27 May 1961 and received critical acclaim
with Ganesan and Savitri's performances being widely lauded. The film
ran for over 100 days in theatres. The film also won Certificate of
Merit for Second Best Feature film at the 9th National Film Awards. It
was later remade in numerous languages including Hindi, Telugu,
Kannada and Sinhalese. A digitally restored version of
released on 15 August 2013 and was also well received.
6.1 Critical reception
6.3 Home media
9 In popular culture
13 External links
Rajasekhar (Sivaji Ganesan) becomes the guardian to his younger sister
Radha (Savitri) after their parents’ death. The brother-sister duo
love, care and adore each other and are inseparable. When the factory
in which Rajasekhar works is shut down due to a labour problem and he
is depressed, Radha gives him ₹1000 which she had earned and saved
by making toys. She advises him to use this money as seed capital and
commence his own toy business. The dutiful brother follows his
sister’s advice, starts a business and in a short time, becomes
rich. Anand (Gemini Ganesan) a former colleague of Rajasekhar who
earlier helped him to get a job in his old factory, is jobless and
approaches Rajasekhar for work. Rajasekhar appoints him in his concern
and over a period of time, Anand and Radha fall in love. Rajasekhar,
who is very possessive of his sister, gets angry with Anand as he
feels betrayed. However, knowing how intensely Radha loves Anand, he
arranges for their wedding.
After the marriage, Anand, along with his aunt and cousin, move into
Rajasekhar’s house. Rajasekhar marries Malathy (M. N. Rajam), a
doctor, on Radha’s suggestion. All of them continue to live under
the same roof and several misunderstandings arise. Anand’s aunt uses
every opportunity to widen the rift between Malathy and Radha and
Radha and Anand. Unable to witness Radha’s troubles, Rajasekhar
moves out of the house with his wife. Through Radha, Anand’s aunt
serves a legal notice to Rajasekhar, demanding a share in the property
for Radha. Malathy files a counter petition and the property is
attached by the court, pending resolution. Unable to see Radha’s
sufferings, Rajasekhar withdraws the case. Still the families do not
unite. Radha delivers a girl and Malathy delivers a boy. After her
child’s birth, Malathy goes abroad for further studies, leaving the
child with Rajasekhar.
Unable to cope with the separation from his sister and to have peace
of mind, Rajasekhar goes on a pilgrimage for several months. He
Diwali day and goes to meet Radha, but is denied entry by
Anand’s aunt. While going back, he saves a little girl from getting
burnt by fire crackers and in the process, loses his eyesight. He is
hospitalised and Radha rushes to the hospital to see her brother.
Rajasekhar learns that the girl he saved is none other than his niece.
Unable to cope with his inability to see them, he dies; Radha too dies
holding his hand. The duo becomes an epitome of brother-sister
relationship. In the shadow of their deaths, the children unite and
seek their heavenly blessings.
Sivaji Ganesan as Rajasekharan "Raju"
Gemini Ganesan as Anand
Savitri as Radha
Kutty Padmini as Radha (young)
K. A. Thangavelu
M. N. Rajam as Malathy
M. N. Nambiar
M. R. Santhanam
K. D. Santhanam
S. A. Kannan
Sukumari (Vaaraayen thozhi vaaraayo)
The story for Paasa Malar was written by K. P. Kottakara. He went
around telling the story to many, but none came forward to make it as
a film. He tried to meet Bhimsingh several times, who was so busy that
they could not meet. Finally, Kottakara sent him a chit saying he
had a new script based on "brother-sister love" and met him during the
lunch break of his shooting, then became emotional after listening to
the story and agreed to make it as a film.
The film was produced by one of the closest friends of Sivaji Ganesan,
K. Mohan who is the owner of 'The Mohan Arts'(Cine Banner/Cutout
Company) which is functioning since 1951 in Chennai. He produced the
film under the banner of 'Rajamani Pictures' which is Sivaji's
mother's name as a tribute to her. Along with him, M.R.Santhanam
was a co-producer. Mohan was also the art director of the film.
Aarurdas who wrote dialogues for dubbed films made his debut as
dialogue writer and he went on to write dialogues for 28 films of
Few scenes were shot at Sivaji's home in T. Nagar and the location was
used for other Sivaji starrers. Aroor Das said that Sivaji was 31
and Savithri was 24 when the film was made. One day, the climax
with the highly emotional dialogue, "Kai Veesamma Kai Veesu" was being
canned, during the break, Sivaji didn’t even have lunch as he want
to starve the whole day to get the perfect emotion and diction for the
Kannadasan who suggested to name the film as Paasamalargal.
Aaroor Das suggested to keep it as Paasamalar which was liked by
Sivaji and Bhimsingh.
According to Soorian Kasi Pandian, author of the 1996 book India, That
Pasamalar means "Flower of Love". The term "Pasa" refers to
brotherly love which involves sacrifices for his loved sister.
Soundtrack album by Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy
The music composed by Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy. The soundtrack
was released under the label Saregama. "Vaarayen Thozhi Vaarayo",
is still played in many Tamil weddings, it was composed in Abheri, a
carnatic raga. The song provided major breakthrough for its
playback singer LR Eeswari. The song was originally composed
for the film
Manapanthal (1961). T. R. Ramanna, director of that film
rejected the song however Bhimsingh decided to use the song.
M. S. Viswanathan
Engalukkum Kaalam Varum
T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela
Malargalai Pol Thangai (Sad)
T. M. Soundararajan
Malargalai Pol Thangai
T. M. Soundararajan
T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela
L. R. Eswari
Yaar Yaar Aval
P. B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela
Pasamalar was released on 27 May 1961. The film was a commercial
success, becoming a silver jubilee film.
M. Suganth of Times of
India noted: "Pasa Malar is actually not a
feel-bad movie. Yes, it is melancholic but it also restores your faith
in human relationships, not just the brother-sister bond which is the
crux of this tale, and its unflinching pursuit of pathos only feels
audacious now". Sify called it the "most memorable film on sister
sentiments". Tamil magazine Ananda Vikatan called it "a milestone
movie" and mentioned that "Movies may come and go but this one will
stay forever in the hearts of those who had a chance to see it".
The film won National Film Award for Best Feature Film in
Tamil – Certificate of Merit for the Second Best Feature Film
Pasamalar was released in DVD by Raj Video Vision in 2015. It was
also included alongside various Sivaji-starrers in a compilation DVD
Yettavathu Ulaga Athisayam Sivaji (Sivaji Ganesan: Eighth Wonder of
the World), which was released in May 2012.
Pasamalar has been remade in number of languages, including Sinhalese
(as Suhada Sohoyuro in 1963). The first
Hindi remake, Rakhi
(1962) was also directed by Bhimsingh, and won the Filmfare Award for
Best Story. It was again remade in
Hindi in 1986 by Vijay Sadanah,
as Aisa Pyaar Kahan. It was remade in Telugu as Rakta Sambandham
(1962) by V. Madhusudhan Rao, and in
Vathsalya (1965) by Y.
The film became a trendsetter and inspired similar films of
brother-sister relationships like
Pachai Vilakku (1964), Mullum
Dharma Yuddham (1979), Cheran Pandiyan
Kizhakku Cheemayile (1993). In July 2007, S. R. Ashok
The Hindu asked eight Tamil film directors to list their
all-time favourite Tamil films; four of them – K. Balachander,
Balu Mahendra, Mani Ratnam, K. S. Ravikumar – named "Pasamalar"
as one of the favourite films in Tamil.
K. S. Ravikumar
K. S. Ravikumar said "As a kid
I saw ‘Pasamalar’ and cried. As an adult, each time I have seen it
I was moved to tears. That is the power of the script and the
performance of lead players". Playback singer
Asha Bhosle noted
Pasamalar was the first Tamil film she had watched. Samy
remarked that his directorial Kangaroo (2015) was a "modern day
Pasamalar". Actor Sivakumar stated that "You can’t reproduce
movies like Parasakthi, Pasamalar, Devadas, Veerapandiya Kattabomman
or Ratha Kanneer [...] By remaking such films, you are lowering
yourself, while it enhances the original artists’ image".
In popular culture
Footage of Paasa Malar is featured in the 2011 Tamil film
Velayudham. Footage of the song "Malarnthu Malaratha" is featured
in the opening scene of
Pasamalar has been parodied and referenced many times. The dialogue
from this film "En Kannaye Unkitta Oppadaikaren, Adhula ennikume
Anandakanneera naan pakkanum, Manjal Kungumamthoda Nee Needoozhi
Vazhavendum" (I am giving my sister to you, she should always shed
happy tears, you should live long with prosperity) became one of the
famous dialogues in the film. The dialogue appears in the song
Mella Thirandhathu Kadhavu
Mella Thirandhathu Kadhavu (1986) in which a
small boy utters imagining the marriage of Radha. In a comedy
Magudam (1993), Senthil utters the dialogue in a lighter
vein to his sister.
Goundamani who has married his sister is irritated
that the lady is blackish in colour and she doesn't deserve these
Thai Porandachu (2000), Vivek sings "Malargalai Pol
Thangai" in a lighter vein after hearing the sob story of his
Aasaiyil Oru Kaditham
Aasaiyil Oru Kaditham (1999), Vivek sings the same song
after hearing that the lady sweeper is married. In
Sathyaraj sings the same song to his sister just like Sivaji's
character from the film. In
Thoranai (2009), when Paravai
Mayilsamy falls down unconscious reminiscent of the
film's climax, Santhanam jokingly remarks that as if there are the
brother-sister pair from "Pasamalar". An unrelated television
serial of the same name produced by Home Media Makers and directed by
Azhagar was aired on Sun TV.
The songs of the film have inspired film titles—Mayangukiral Oru
Maadhu (1975), Paattondru Ketten (1992), and Engalukkum Kaalam Varum
The following year, Sivaji and Savithri acted as lead pair in a film
called Ellam Unakkaga. The film became a failure as the audience
couldn't digest Sivaji and Savitri as lovers after seeing them as
A digitally restored version of
Pasamalar was released on 15 August
2013, during India's Independence Day. The digital conversion
was done by Prasad EFX, Chennai. M. Suganth of The Times of India
rated it 5 out of 5, saying "The restoration, cinemascope and audio
conversion are pretty good while the trimming (by veteran editor
Lenin, Bhimsingh's son) manages to retain the continuity to a large
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Pasamalar on IMDb
Works of A. Bhimsingh
Raja Rani (1956)
Naane Raja (1956)
Padhi Bhakti (1958)
Bhaaga Pirivinai (1959)
President Panchatcharam (1959)
Ponnu Vilayum Bhoomi (1959)
Petra Manam (1960)
Padikkadha Medhai (1960)
Kalathur Kannamma (1960)
Aai Phirse Bahar
Aai Phirse Bahar (1960)
Palum Pazhamum (1961)
Paava Mannippu (1961)
Bandha Pasam (1962)
Pavithra Prema (1962)
Main Chup Rahungi
Main Chup Rahungi (1962)
Paarthaal Pasi Theerum
Paarthaal Pasi Theerum (1962)
Padithal Mattum Podhuma
Padithal Mattum Podhuma (1962)
Paar Magaley Paar
Paar Magaley Paar (1963)
Pachai Vilakku (1964)
Pooja Ke Phool
Pooja Ke Phool (1964)
Sadhu Mirandal (1966)
Sadhu Aur Shaitaan
Sadhu Aur Shaitaan (1968)
Manishichina Maguva (1969)
Bhai Bahen (1969)
Oke Kutumbham (1970)
Sub Ka Saathi (1972)
Maa Inti Jyothi (1972)
Joroo Ka Ghulam
Joroo Ka Ghulam (1972)
Paadha Poojai (1974)
Naya Din Nai Raat (1974)
Sila Nerangalil Sila Manithargal
Sila Nerangalil Sila Manithargal (1976)
Kanavan Manaivi (1976)
Bangaru Manishi (1976)
Yaaron Ka Yaar
Yaaron Ka Yaar (1977)
Nee Vazha Vendum (1977)
Evaru Devudu (1977)
Vamsha Jyothi (1978)
Oru Nadigai Natakam Parkiral
Oru Nadigai Natakam Parkiral (1978)
Mishiha Charitram (1978)
Kai Pidithaaval (1978)
Iraivan Kodutha Varam (1978)
Karunai Ullam (1978)
National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil
No Award (1955)
No Award (1956)
No Award (1957)
No Award (1958)
Bhaaga Pirivinai (1959)
Parthiban Kanavu (1960)
Certificate of Merit
Andha Naal and
Edhir Paradhathu (1954)
Mangaiyar Thilakam (1955)
Thanga Padhumai and
Annaiyin Aanai (1958)
Veerapandiya Kattabomman and
Kalyana Parisu (1959)
Paadhai Theriyudhu Paar
Paadhai Theriyudhu Paar and
Kalathur Kannamma (1960)
Kappalottiya Thamizhan (1961)
Nenjil Or Aalayam
Nenjil Or Aalayam (1962)
Naanum Oru Penn
Naanum Oru Penn (1963)
Kai Koduttha Dheivam
Kai Koduttha Dheivam (1964)
Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum (1965)
Thillana Mohanambal (1968)
Iru Kodugal (1969)
Raman Ethanai Ramanadi
Raman Ethanai Ramanadi (1970)
Veguli Penn (1971)
Pattikada Pattanama (1972)
Dikkatra Parvathi (1973)
No Award (1974)
Apoorva Raagangal (1975)
No Award (1976)
Agraharathil Kazhutai (1977)
No Award (1978)
Nenjathai Killathe (1980)
Certificate of Merit
Annai and Sarada (1962)
Karpagam and Karnan (1963)
Server Sundaram (1964)
Discontinued after 1965
Thanneer Thanneer (1981)
Ezhavathu Manithan (1982)
Oru Indhiya Kanavu (1983)
Achamillai Achamillai (1984)
Muthal Mariyathai (1985)
Mouna Ragam (1986)
No Award (1988)
Pudhea Paadhai (1989)
Vanna Vanna Pookkal
Vanna Vanna Pookkal (1991)
Thevar Magan (1992)
Kadhal Kottai (1996)
The Terrorist (1997)
Ooruku Nooruper (2001)
Kannathil Muthamittal (2002)
Aadum Koothu (2005)
Vaaranam Aayiram (2008)
Thenmerku Paruvakaatru (2010)
Vaagai Sooda Vaa
Vaagai Sooda Vaa (2011)
Vazhakku Enn 18/9
Vazhakku Enn 18/9 (2012)
Thanga Meenkal (2013)
Kuttram Kadithal (2014)