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Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, California, United States, located 10 miles (16 kilometers) northeast of Downtown Los Angeles. The estimated population of Pasadena was 139,731, in 2013, making it the 183rd-largest city in the United States.[14] Pasadena is the ninth-largest city in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County. Pasadena was incorporated on June 19, 1886, becoming one of the first cities to be incorporated in what is now Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, following the city of Los Angeles (April 4, 1850).[18] It is one of the primary cultural centers of the San Gabriel Valley.[19] The city is known for hosting the annual Rose
Rose
Bowl football game and Tournament of Roses Parade. In addition, Pasadena is also home to many scientific and cultural institutions, including Caltech, JPL,[20] Pasadena City College, Fuller Theological Seminary, ArtCenter College of Design, the Pasadena Playhouse, the Ambassador Auditorium, the Norton Simon Museum, and the USC Pacific Asia Museum.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Indigenous culture and colonization 1.2 Early development 1.3 Pasadena as a resort town (1886–1941) 1.4 Craftsman era (1890s–1930s) 1.5 World War II and aftermath (1941–1969) 1.6 Pasadena since 1970

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Demographics

3.1 2010

4 Economy

4.1 Shopping and dining 4.2 Rose
Rose
Bowl Flea Market

5 Arts and culture

5.1 Tournament of Roses Parade 5.2 Rose
Rose
Bowl Game 5.3 Performing arts 5.4 Visual arts 5.5 Museums and galleries 5.6 Literature 5.7 Bungalow Heaven 5.8 Orange Grove Boulevard 5.9 Historical estates

6 Sports

6.1 Rose
Rose
Bowl Stadium 6.2 Aquatic center 6.3 Tennis center

7 Government

7.1 Municipal government 7.2 Federal and state representation

8 Education 9 Media

9.1 Civic Auditorium venue 9.2 Television 9.3 Radio 9.4 Newspapers and magazines

10 Infrastructure

10.1 Public health department 10.2 Law enforcement 10.3 Fire department 10.4 Water and Power Department

11 Transportation

11.1 Public transit 11.2 Trains 11.3 Airports 11.4 Freeways and highways

12 Notable people 13 Parrots 14 Sister cities 15 See also 16 Photo gallery 17 Notes 18 References 19 Further reading 20 External links

History[edit] Main articles: History of Pasadena, California
California
and Old Town Pasadena Indigenous culture and colonization[edit] The original inhabitants of Pasadena (a Chippewa
Chippewa
word meaning "Crown of the Valley")[21] and surrounding areas were members of the Native American Hahamog-na
Hahamog-na
tribe, a branch of the Tongva Nation. They spoke the Tongva language
Tongva language
(part of the Uto-Aztecan languages
Uto-Aztecan languages
group) and had lived in the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin for thousands of years.[22] Tongva dwellings lined the Arroyo Seco ( Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County) in present day Pasadena and south to where it joins the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
River and along other natural waterways in the city. The native people lived in thatched, dome-shape lodges. They lived on a diet of acorn meal, seeds and herbs,venison, and other small animals. They traded for ocean fish with the coastal Tongva. They made cooking vessels from steatite soapstone from Catalina Island. The oldest transportation route still in existence in Pasadena is the old Tongva foot trail, also known as the Gabrielino Trail, that follows the west side of the Rose
Rose
Bowl and the Arroyo Seco past the Jet Propulsion Laboratory into the San Gabriel Mountains. The trail has been in continuous use for thousands of years. An arm of the trail is also still in use in what is now known as Salvia Canyon. When the Spanish occupied the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin they built the San Gabriel Mission and renamed the local Tongva people
Tongva people
"Gabrielino Indians," after the name of the mission. Today, several bands of Tongva people live in the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
area.[23] Early development[edit] Pasadena is a part of the original Mexican land grant named Rancho del Rincon de San Pascual,[22] so named because it was deeded on Easter Sunday to Eulalia Perez de Guillén Mariné
Eulalia Perez de Guillén Mariné
of Mission San Gabriel Arcángel. The Rancho comprised the lands of today's communities of Pasadena, Altadena
Altadena
and South Pasadena. Before the annexation of California
California
in 1848, the last of the Mexican owners was Manuel Garfias
Manuel Garfias
[22] who retained title to the property after statehood in 1850. Garfias sold sections of the property to the first Anglo settlers to come into the area: Dr. Benjamin Eaton, the father of Fred Eaton; and Dr. S. Griffin. Much of the property was purchased by Benjamin Wilson, who established his Lake Vineyard property in the vicinity. Wilson, known as Don Benito to the local Indians,[22] also owned the Rancho Jurupa (Riverside, California) and was mayor of Los Angeles. He was the grandfather of WWII General George S. Patton, Jr.
George S. Patton, Jr.
and the namesake of Mount Wilson.

Pasadena, 1876

In 1873, Wilson was visited by Dr. Daniel M. Berry of Indiana who was looking for a place in the country that could offer a mild climate for his patients, most of whom suffered from respiratory ailments. Berry was an asthmatic and claimed that he had his best three night's sleep at Rancho San Pascual.[citation needed] To keep the find a secret, Berry code-named the area "Muscat" after the grape that Wilson grew. To raise funds to bring the company of people to San Pascual, Berry formed the Southern California
California
Orange and Citrus Growers Association and sold stock in it.[citation needed] The newcomers were able to purchase a large portion of the property along the Arroyo Seco and on January 31, 1874, they incorporated the Indiana Colony. As a gesture of good will, Wilson added 2,000 acres (8 km2) of then-useless highland property, part of which would become Altadena. Colonel Jabez Banbury opened the first school on South Orange Grove Avenue. Banbury had twin daughters, named Jennie and Jessie. The two became the first students to attended Pasadena’s first school on Orange Grove. [24] At the time, the Indiana Colony
Indiana Colony
was a narrow strip of land between the Arroyo Seco and Fair Oaks Avenue. On the other side of the street was Wilson's Lake Vineyard development.[citation needed] After more than a decade of parallel development on both sides, the two settlements merged into the City of Pasadena.[citation needed] Pasadena as a resort town (1886–1941)[edit] The popularity of the region drew people from across the country, and Pasadena eventually became a stop on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, which led to an explosion in growth. From the real estate boom of the 1880s until the Great Depression, as great tourist hotels were developed in the city, Pasadena became a winter resort for wealthy Easterners, spurring the development of new neighborhoods and business districts, and increased road and transit connections with Los Angeles, culminating with the opening of the Arroyo Seco Parkway, California's first freeway. By 1940,[25] Pasadena had become the eighth-largest city in California
California
and was widely considered a twin city to Los Angeles.

Hotel Green, 1900

The first of the great hotels to be established in Pasadena was the Raymond (1886) atop Bacon Hill, renamed Raymond Hill after construction. Pasadena was served by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway at the Santa Fe Depot in downtown when the Second District was opened in 1887.[26] The original Mansard Victorian 200-room facility burned down on Easter morning of 1895, was rebuilt in 1903, and razed during the Great Depression
Great Depression
to make way for residential development. The Maryland Hotel existed from the early 1900s and was demolished in 1934.[citation needed] The world-famous Mount Lowe Railway
Mount Lowe Railway
and associated mountain hotels shut down four years later due to fire damage. Three hotel structures have survived, the Green Hotel (a co-op since 1926), the Vista Del Arroyo (now used as a Federal courthouse), and a residential tower of the Maryland at 80 North Euclid Avenue (a co-op since 1953).[27] Craftsman era (1890s–1930s)[edit] The American Craftsman
American Craftsman
era in art and design is well represented in Pasadena. The architectural firm Greene and Greene
Greene and Greene
developed the style; many of its residences still stand. Two examples of their Ultimate bungalow
Ultimate bungalow
are the masterpiece Gamble House, of which public tours are available, and the Robert R. Blacker House, both designated California
California
Historical Landmarks and enrolled on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. World War II and aftermath (1941–1969)[edit]

Downtown Pasadena in 1945

The Second World War
Second World War
proved to be a boon to Pasadena as Southern California
California
became a major staging area for the Pacific War. High tech manufacturing and scientific companies made the city their home, a trend which continued in the decades following the war, notably with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Tetra Tech
Tetra Tech
and Ameron International. In the 1950s, Pasadena saw a steady influx of people from the Southern United States, especially African-Americans
African-Americans
from Texas
Texas
and Louisiana. Pasadena also began hosting a large immigrant community, particularly from Guatemala, El Salvador, and Armenia.[citation needed] Pasadena since 1970[edit] The American Academy of Dramatic Arts, founded in 1884 in New York, opened its Pasadena campus in 1974. However, in 2001 the conservatory moved from Pasadena to Hollywood. Training actors for the stage in a two year program, the conservatory was the first school in the United States to offer professional education in the field of acting. Point Loma Nazarene University was located in Pasadena for many years before relocating to San Diego
San Diego
County, and retained the names Pasadena University and Pasadena College. In 1969, the Pasadena Unified School District
Pasadena Unified School District
was desegregated, though the issue would continue to be fought in court for a decade. A year later, the 210 Freeway was built along a newly chosen route. The freeway's construction was controversial, as it caused the demolition of over a thousand homes, many historic, and many claimed that the route was designed to cut off the city's less wealthy neighborhoods. The situation did not improve. Downtown Pasadena became dangerous in some parts and deserted in others, and incidences of murder and arson skyrocketed. Old Pasadena
Old Pasadena
faced destruction as plans for new high-rise developments were drawn up, though they were mostly stopped by increasingly active preservation advocates. Pasadena suffered demographically as many residents decamped for the nearby suburbs or the Inland Empire, causing an overall decrease in population.[citation needed] Despite these setbacks, many local artists and hipsters moved in to take advantage of low property values. Their legacy can be seen today in the Doo Dah Parade
Doo Dah Parade
which began in 1976. The 1980s saw the meteoric rise of gang violence in Pasadena, a trend which culminated with the 1993 Halloween Massacre, wherein three teenagers were murdered by members of the Bloods
Bloods
and three more were wounded. This led the Pasadena Police Department to crack down far more heavily on gang activity, which receded in the mid-1990s.[citation needed] In 2014, several arrests where made involving an embezzlement scheme which stole money from the UUP. The amount is estimated to be $6.4 million.[28][29] Geography[edit] The greater Pasadena area is bounded by the Raymond Fault line, the San Rafael Hills, and the San Gabriel Mountains. The Arroyo Seco, a major geographic feature and home of the Rose
Rose
Bowl, flows from headwaters in Pasadena's towering Angeles National Forest
Angeles National Forest
greenbelt in the San Gabriel Mountains.[19] According to the United States
United States
Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.1 square miles (60 km2), over 99% of it land; 0.68% is water.[30] Located 10 miles (16 kilometers) northeast of Downtown Los Angeles, Pasadena is bordered by 12 communities: Glendale, Highland Park, Eagle Rock, South Pasadena, San Marino, Temple City, San Gabriel, Arcadia, Sierra Madre, La Cañada Flintridge, and Altadena. The communities of Eagle Rock, Highland Park and Garvanza are incorporated within the city of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and Altadena
Altadena
is an unincorporated part of Los Angeles County.[19] Climate[edit] Pasadena has a Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(Köppen Csa), with typically hotter summers and slightly cooler winters than nearby coastal areas. Its location relative to the San Gabriel mountains allows the orographic lift to tac on several more inches of rainfall per year than nearby areas. During the first few months of the year, Pasadena experiences cool to warm highs, typically in the upper 60s to lower 70's. Colder days are usually accompanied by heavier rain. By April, temperatures warm further, and rain tapers off significantly. By May and June, rain is typically sparse, but the infamous marine layer becomes more persistent. Locals have dubbed June "June Gloom" as it is the cloudiest month despite being the 3rd driest month. By July, the marine layer subsidies as inland areas cool due to an increased monsoon flow. Heatwaves from July through October can be oppressive and lengthy. In addition, it rarely rains during the summer and fall months, and only does when the remnants of hurricanes and tropical storms pass by. It is not impossible to go 6 months without measurable precipitation. The average highest temperature recorded each year is around 106 degrees. The hottest heatwaves of the year usually occur in mid to late September. By late October, temperatures drop off. By November, Pacific storms return to Pasadena, bringing increasingly heavy rain and cooler weather. Along with them, however, are the Santa Ana winds. The Santa Ana winds can produce heat, high winds, power outages, tree damage and an increased wildfire threat whenever they strike. By December, lows typically drop into the 40s with the occasional 30-degree reading. Highs remain around 68 with heatwaves pushing temperatures into the mid-80s. A high temperature of at least 85 degrees has been recorded on all 365 days of the year, with temperatures over 100 degrees possible April through early November.

Climate data for Pasadena, California
California
(1988–2017; extremes since 1909)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 93 (34) 92 (33) 98 (37) 105 (41) 104 (40) 113 (45) 110 (43) 107 (42) 111 (44) 108 (42) 101 (38) 93 (34) 113 (45)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 81.9 (27.7) 83.9 (28.8) 87.7 (30.9) 92.8 (33.8) 93.3 (34.1) 96.3 (35.7) 99.0 (37.2) 100.8 (38.2) 103.5 (39.7) 98.3 (36.8) 89.6 (32) 80.7 (27.1) 105.8 (41)

Average high °F (°C) 68.4 (20.2) 69.9 (21.1) 73.6 (23.1) 76.7 (24.8) 79.3 (26.3) 84.3 (29.1) 89.5 (31.9) 91.2 (32.9) 90.0 (32.2) 83.2 (28.4) 74.8 (23.8) 67.4 (19.7) 78.9 (26.1)

Daily mean °F (°C) 57.4 (14.1) 58.9 (14.9) 61.6 (16.4) 64.2 (17.9) 67.3 (19.6) 71.8 (22.1) 76.3 (24.6) 77.5 (25.3) 76.3 (24.6) 70.2 (21.2) 62.7 (17.1) 56.5 (13.6) 66.6 (19.2)

Average low °F (°C) 46.3 (7.9) 47.2 (8.4) 49.5 (9.7) 51.8 (11) 55.4 (13) 57.4 (14.1) 63.1 (17.3) 63.8 (17.7) 62.6 (17) 57.3 (14.1) 50.4 (10.2) 44.2 (6.8) 54.1 (12.3)

Mean minimum °F (°C) 37.8 (3.2) 38.7 (3.7) 40.5 (4.7) 43.5 (6.4) 48.5 (9.2) 52.2 (11.2) 56.9 (13.8) 57.8 (14.3) 55.0 (12.8) 49.8 (9.9) 42.5 (5.8) 36.9 (2.7) 34.7 (1.5)

Record low °F (°C) 21 (−6) 26 (−3) 29 (−2) 31 (−1) 32 (0) 41 (5) 45 (7) 43 (6) 41 (5) 36 (2) 26 (−3) 25 (−4) 21 (−6)

Average rainfall inches (mm) 4.16 (105.7) 5.14 (130.6) 2.70 (68.6) 1.10 (27.9) 0.44 (11.2) 0.21 (5.3) 0.07 (1.8) 0.04 (1) 0.25 (6.4) 0.93 (23.6) 1.22 (31) 3.22 (81.8) 19.48 (494.9)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 7.2 6.7 7.7 4.1 2.8 1.6 0.2 0.5 1.7 2.6 3.4 4.8 43.3

Source #1: NOAA[31]

Source #2: [32][33]

Pasadena averages 19.48 inches (494.8 mm) of rain a year, about 4 inches (100 mm) more than nearby Los Angeles
Los Angeles
due to the orographic effect created by the San Gabriel Mountains. The wettest “rain year” was from July 1940 to June 1941 with 46.32 inches (1,176.5 mm) and the driest from July 1960 to June 1961 with 7.18 inches (182.4 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 19.70 inches (500.4 mm) in February 1980. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 7.70 inches (195.6 mm) on March 2, 1938. Situated at the base of the San Gabriel Mountains, snow is known to fall occasionally in Pasadena. The heaviest snowfall in Pasadena history occurred on January 11, 1949; 8 inches (0.20 m) fell at Pasadena’s city hall and more than 14 inches (0.36 m) fell in the foothills above the city.[34] The most recent snowfall in Pasadena was 1 inch (0.03 m) on February 26, 2011. On November 30 and December 1, 2011, Pasadena, along with surrounding communities, was struck by a major windstorm caused by Santa Ana winds.[35] The city suffered heavy damage with trees toppled, buildings damaged and even the roof of a gas station torn off. The official NOAA weather station for the city is located just north-west of the townhall on the other side of Garfield Avenue. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1880 391

1890 4,882

1,148.6%

1900 9,117

86.7%

1910 30,291

232.2%

1920 45,354

49.7%

1930 76,086

67.8%

1940 81,864

7.6%

1950 104,577

27.7%

1960 116,407

11.3%

1970 112,951

−3.0%

1980 118,072

4.5%

1990 131,591

11.4%

2000 133,936

1.8%

2010 137,122

2.4%

Est. 2016 142,059 [15] 3.6%

U.S. Decennial Census[36]

Demographic profile 2010[37] 1990[38] 1970[38] 1950[38]

White 55.8% 57.3% 79.8% 90.6%

Non-Hispanic white 38.8% 46.6% 70.4%[39] N/A

Black or African American 10.6% 19.0% 16.1% 7.5%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 33.7% 27.3% 10.5%[39] N/A

Asian 14.3% 8.1% 2.9% 1.5%

2010[edit] The 2010 United States
United States
Census[40] reported that Pasadena had a population of 137,122. The population density was 5,928.8 people per square mile (2,289.1/km²). The racial makeup of Pasadena was 76,550 (55.8%) White, 14,650 (10.7%) African American, 827 (0.6%) Native American, 19,595 (14.3%) Asian, 134 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 18,675 (13.6%) from other races, and 6,691 (4.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race numbered 46,174 persons (33.7%). Non-Hispanic whites
Non-Hispanic whites
were 38.8% of the population,[37] down from 70.4% in 1970.[38] The Census reported that 133,629 people (97.5% of the population) lived in households, 2,472 (1.8%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,021 (0.7%) were institutionalized. There were 55,270 households, out of which 14,459 (26.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 22,285 (40.3%) were married couples living together, 6,131 (11.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,460 (4.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,016 (5.5%) unmarried partnerships. 18,838 households (34.1%) were made up of individuals and 5,748 (10.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42. There were 30,876 families (55.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.18. The age distribution of the population was as follows: 26,507 people (19.3%) were under the age of 18, 12,609 people (9.2%) aged 18 to 24, 45,371 people (33.1%) aged 25 to 44, 34,073 people (24.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 18,562 people (13.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males. There were 59,551 housing units at an average density of 2,574.8 per square mile (994.1/km²), of which 24,863 (45.0%) were owner-occupied, and 30,407 (55.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.6%. 64,306 people (46.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 69,323 people (50.6%) lived in rental housing units[citation needed]. According to the 2010 United States
United States
Census, Pasadena had a median household income of $69,302, with 13.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[41] Economy[edit] According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[42] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees

1 Jet Propulsion Laboratory 5,029

2 Kaiser Permanente 4,760

3 California
California
Institute of Technology 3,900

4 Huntington Hospital 3,200

5 Pasadena Unified School District 3,000

6 AT&T 2,525

7 City of Pasadena 2,179

8 Pasadena City College 1,500

9 Bank of America 1,300

10 Pacific Clinics 1,100

11 Art Center College of Design 883

12 One West Bank, a division of CIT Bank 800

13 Parsons 650

14 Hathaway-Sycamores 615

15 The Langham Huntington 584

16 Western Asset 577

17 Rusnak Auto Group 450

18 East West Bank 342

19 Avon Products 249

Other companies based in Pasadena include Avery Dennison, Cogent Systems, Idealab, Inter-Con Security, Goldstar Events, Jacobs Engineering Group, Green Dot Corporation, Tetra Tech, Wesco Financial, OpenX, and Wetzel's Pretzels.[citation needed] The Los Angeles-area office of China Eastern Airlines
China Eastern Airlines
is located in Pasadena.[43] Shopping and dining[edit]

Old Town Pasadena
Old Town Pasadena
and Metro Local
Metro Local
bus

One Colorado Market Place, one of the largest development projects in Old Pasadena

Old Town Pasadena
Old Town Pasadena
spans 21 blocks downtown. It boasts upscale retail shops and a wide variety of restaurants, nightclubs, outdoor cafés, pubs, and comedy clubs. "One Colorado" features renovated historic architecture that attracted the new retail stores and restaurants. This development filled vacant buildings and was the impetus of the revitalization of Old Town on Colorado Boulevard.[44] Paseo Colorado is an upscale shopping mall designed to be a modern urban village. An open-air mall that covers three city blocks, Paseo Colorado
Paseo Colorado
is anchored on the west end by upscale grocery store Gelson's (recently closed), on the east end by Macy's
Macy's
(also closed) and Arclight Cinemas centers the middle portion of the mall. Another shopping district is located in the South Lake Avenue neighborhood. On Lake Avenue, a Macy's
Macy's
department store and furniture gallery is in a registered California
California
historical landmark. The building was originally designed and built as the fourth Bullock's
Bullock's
department store in the mid-1950s (the last freestanding store they constructed).[45] Rose
Rose
Bowl Flea Market[edit] The Rose
Rose
Bowl Flea Market is a large swap meet that involves thousands of dealers and tens of thousands of visitors in and around the grounds of the Rose
Rose
Bowl. The merchandise on display ranges from old world antiques to California
California
pottery to vintage clothing. The flea market has been held every second Sunday of the month since 1967.[46] Arts and culture[edit] Tournament of Roses Parade[edit]

Theme float "2010: A Cut Above the Rest" rolling down Colorado Boulevard during the parade

Main article: Tournament of Roses Parade Pasadena is home to the Tournament of Roses Parade, held each year on January 1 (or on January 2, if the 1st falls on a Sunday). The first parade was held in 1890 and was originally sponsored by the Valley Hunt Club, a Pasadena social club. The motivation for having the parade was, as member Professor Charles F. Holder said, "In New York, people are buried in snow. Here our flowers are blooming and our oranges are about to bear. Let's hold a festival to tell the world about our paradise."[47] By 1895, the festivities had outgrown the Valley Hunt Club, and the Tournament of Roses Association was formed to take charge of the parade. The Rose
Rose
Parade, as it is familiarly known, traditionally features elaborate floats, bands and equestrian units. According to the organizers, "Every inch of every float must be covered with flowers, or other natural materials, such as leaves, seeds, or bark. On average a float requires about 100,000 flowers and greenery. Volunteer workers swarm over the floats in the days after Christmas, their hands and clothes covered with glue and petals."[48] The most perishable flowers are placed in small vials of water, which are placed onto the float individually. Over the almost 3 hours of the parade, floats, and participants travel over five miles (8 km)[48] and pass by over one million viewers who traditionally camp out over New Year's Eve to have the best view along the parade route.[49] The Rose
Rose
Parade is satirized by the popular Doo Dah Parade, an annual event that originated in Old Pasadena
Old Pasadena
in 1978, and soon gained national notoriety.[50] Readers Digest
Readers Digest
named the Doo Dah Parade "America's Best Parade", and was a recent feature in 50 Places You Must Visit Before You Die!.[50] It was formerly held around Thanksgiving, a month before the Rose
Rose
Parade,[51] but the parade is now held in January. In 2011, after 33 years in Pasadena, the parade moved to East Pasadena for the first time.[49] It features unusual and absurd entrants such as the BBQ & Hibachi Marching Grill Team, the Men of Leisure, and the Bastard Sons of Lee Marvin.[50] Proceeds from the parade's pancake breakfast, T-shirts, and after-party are donated to charity.[50][52] Rose
Rose
Bowl Game[edit] See also: Rose
Rose
Bowl Game The Rose
Rose
Bowl, a National Historic Landmark, is host of the first and most famous college football postseason bowl game, the Tournament of Roses Rose
Rose
Bowl Game, every New Year's Day. In 1895, the Tournament of Roses Association was formed to take charge of the parade. In 1902, the association declared that a football game would be added to the day's events. This was the first post-season college football game to be played on New Year's Day; many other football stadiums followed suit. After two decades, the game outgrew its original facility, and a new stadium was constructed in the Arroyo Seco area. The new stadium hosted its first New Year's Day football game in 1923. It was soon christened "The Rose
Rose
Bowl", as was the game itself.[47] Performing arts[edit] The Pasadena Symphony, founded in 1928, offers several concerts a year at the Ambassador Auditorium
Ambassador Auditorium
and the Pasadena Pops plays at the Los Angeles County Arboretum and Botanic Garden. The Civic Center also holds a few traveling Broadway shows each year. The legendary Pasadena Playhouse, presently in reorganization, usually presents seven shows a season, each show running six to eight weeks. The Furious Theatre Company is one of several small theatre companies in Pasadena. They are currently housed in the Carrie Hamilton Theatre
Theatre
adjacent to the Pasadena Playhouse. Boston Court Performing Arts Center, opened in 2003, is near Lake and Colorado. Its resident theatre company, the award-winning The Theatre
Theatre
@ Boston Court, presents four productions a year.[53] Music at the Court presents numerous music concerts each year, ranging from classical to jazz. The Friends of the Levitt organization presents a free summer concert series in Memorial Park, with the 2008 summer season marking its sixth year. Beckman Auditorium and other venues on the Caltech
Caltech
campus present a wide range of performing arts, lectures, films, classes and entertainment events, primarily during the academic year.[54] For more than ten years, twice annually Pasadena's cultural institutions have opened their doors for free during ArtNight Pasadena,[55] offering the public a rich sampling of quality art, artifacts and music within the city. This has evolved into the yearly PasadenART Weekend,[56] a three-day citywide event which, as of 2007, encompasses ArtNight, ArtWalk, ArtHeritage, ArtMarket, and ArtPerformance, a vibrant outdoor music event showcasing emerging and nationally recognized talent. Free concerts take place on multiple stages throughout Old Pasadena.[57]

The Ambassador Auditorium, center, along with other former Ambassador College buildings, in December 2008

Ambassador Auditorium
Ambassador Auditorium
was built under the guidance of Herbert W. Armstrong as both a facility to be used by the Worldwide Church of God for religious services and as a concert hall for public performances celebrating the performing arts. In 2007, the native Pasadena band Ozma reunited and produced the album Pasadena in tribute to the city. The album photos and artwork were shot at the Colorado Street Bridge.[citation needed] The 1960s song "The Little Old Lady from Pasadena" parodies a popular Southern California
California
image of Pasadena as home to a large population of aged eccentrics. In the song, Jan and Dean
Jan and Dean
sing of an elderly lady who drives a powerful "Super Stock Dodge" muscle car and is "the terror of Colorado Boulevard." The Dead Kennedys
Dead Kennedys
paid a tribute to this archetypal song in the track "Buzzbomb From Pasadena" in the album Give Me Convenience or Give Me Death. Pasadena was also the location of the 2012 film Project X. Visual arts[edit] A number of artists of national repute, such as Guy Rose, Alson S. Clark, Marion Wachtel
Marion Wachtel
and Ernest A. Batchelder, of the Arts and Crafts Movement, made Pasadena their home in the early twentieth century. The formation of the California
California
Art Club, Pasadena Arts Institute and the Pasadena Society of Artists heralded the city's emergence as a regional center for the visual arts. Museums and galleries[edit] Pasadena is home to a number of art museums and public galleries, including the Norton Simon Museum. The museum's collections include European paintings, sculpture, and tapestry; sculpture from Southern Asia; and an extensive sculpture garden. The museum also has the contemporary art collection of its predecessor, the Pasadena Museum of Art, which focused on modern and contemporary art before being taken over by Simon in the early 1970s.[58] Preserving and sharing the rich history and culture of Pasadena and its adjacent communities is the Pasadena Museum of History. Located on a campus of 2 acres (8,100 m2), it has gardens, a history center, the Finnish Folk Art Museum, the Curtin House, and the Fenyes Mansion, a 1906 Beaux Arts-style architectural residence and a Pasadena Cultural Heritage Landmark.[59] The Pacific Asia Museum, with a garden courtyard in its center, features art from the many countries and cultures of Asia. The nearby Pasadena Museum of California
California
Art hosts changing exhibitions of work by historical and contemporary California
California
artists.[60] The Armory Center for the Arts has an extensive exhibition program as well as serving as a center for art education for all ages.[61] Art Center College of Design offers exhibitions at its Williamson Gallery, as well as frequent displays of student work.[62] Pasadena City College has an art gallery that shows work of professionals as part of their annual artist-in-residence program, as well as exhibiting work by students and faculty.[63] The Huntington Library
The Huntington Library
and Botanical Gardens, with painting and sculpture galleries, is adjacent to Pasadena in the city of San Marino.[64] The innovative Kidspace Children's Museum
Kidspace Children's Museum
is located in Brookside Park.[65] Literature[edit] Red Hen Press, one of the largest independent literary publishers on the west coast, is located in Pasadena. The press publishes over twenty titles of poetry, fiction, and nonfiction each year as well as a biannual literary magazine called The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Review. In 2002 David Ebershoff
David Ebershoff
published the novel Pasadena. The novel won praise for its accurate recreation of Pasadena before World War II.[66] Bungalow Heaven[edit] Main article: Bungalow Heaven Bungalow Heaven
Bungalow Heaven
is a neighborhood of 800 small craftsman homes built from 1900 to 1930. Many of these homes are still occupied. Much of the area became a landmark district in 1989,[67] and annual historic home tours have been conducted since that designation.[68][69] Bungalow Heaven's borders are Washington Boulevard to the north, Orange Grove Boulevard to the south, Mentor Avenue to the west, and Chester Avenue to the east.[70] The neighborhood is usually extended to Lake Avenue to the west and Hill Avenue to the east.[67][71] Famed architects Greene and Greene
Greene and Greene
built several of their Japanese-inspired bungalows in Pasadena, including the Gamble House; the style of the homes in Bungalow Heaven
Bungalow Heaven
show the effects of their success. Orange Grove Boulevard[edit]

Tournament House

Main article: Orange Grove Boulevard The Norton Simon Museum
Norton Simon Museum
is at the intersection of Orange Grove and Colorado Boulevards. This corner is the official start of the Rose Parade route and the museum can be quite clearly seen every year during the parade television broadcast. Orange Grove Boulevard
Orange Grove Boulevard
is one of several exclusive residential districts in Pasadena, and has been a home for the rich and famous since the early 20th century. Because of the number of landmark mansions, the street earned the name Millionaire's Row, an appropriate sobriquet considering that the estates that once lined this spacious boulevard and the surrounding neighborhood read like a Who's Who
Who's Who
of American consumer products. Historical estates[edit] The maker of Wrigley's chewing gum, William Wrigley Jr.'s, substantial home was offered to the city of Pasadena after Mrs. Wrigley's death in 1958, under the condition that their home would be the Rose
Rose
Parade's permanent headquarters.[72] The stately Tournament House
Tournament House
stands today, and serves as the headquarters for the Tournament of Roses Parade.[73] Adolphus Busch, co-founder of Anheuser-Busch, brewer of Budweiser beer, established the first of a series of Busch Gardens
Busch Gardens
in Pasadena. When Busch died at his Pasadena estate, his wife generously offered the property to the City of Pasadena, an offer the city inexplicably refused. Henry Markham, who lived adjacent to Busch, was the 18th Governor of the state of California
California
(1891–1895) and wrote Pasadena: Its Early Years.[74] The home of David Gamble, son of consumer product maker James Gamble of Procter & Gamble, is located on the north end of Orange Grove Boulevard. The Gamble House, an American Craftsman
American Craftsman
masterpiece, was built in 1908,[75] by architects Charles and Henry Greene, as an exemplification of their ultimate bungalow. It is open to the public as both an architectural conservancy and museum.[76]

The Gamble House, an American Craftsman
American Craftsman
Masterpiece[77][78][79]

The Gamble House is a California
California
Historical Landmark and a National Historic Landmark on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1966, it was deeded to the city of Pasadena in a mutual agreement with the University of Southern California
California
School of Architecture. Every year, two fifth-year USC architecture students live in the house full-time. The students change yearly.[80] The home of Anna Bissell McCay, daughter of carpet sweeper magnate Melville Bissell, is a four-story Victorian home, on the border of South Pasadena. Today the Bissell House is a bed and breakfast.[81] Thaddeus S. C. Lowe's home of 24,000 square feet (2,200 m2) was on South Orange Grove. The house included a sixth story solarium which he converted into an observatory. Lowe was also a generous patron of the astronomical sciences. He started a water-gas company, founded the Citizens Bank of Los Angeles, built numerous ice plants, and purchased a Pasadena opera house. He also established the Mount Lowe Railway
Mount Lowe Railway
in the mountains above Pasadena and eventually lost his fortune.[82] The brilliant, but troubled, rocket scientist John Whiteside Parsons sometimes shared his residence with other noteworthy people, including L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology. Parsons died in an explosion while testing a new rocket fuel in his Pasadena home laboratory, in 1952.[83] Sports[edit]

Main entrance to the Rose
Rose
Bowl Stadium

Rose
Rose
Bowl Stadium[edit] See also: Rose
Rose
Bowl (stadium) In addition to the annual New Year's Day Rose
Rose
Bowl game
Bowl game
and a College Football Playoff semi-final game every three years, the stadium is the home field for the UCLA Bruins
UCLA Bruins
football team and has hosted five Super Bowls and many BCS National Championship
BCS National Championship
games. Important soccer games include the 1984 Summer Olympics,[84] the final game of the 1994 FIFA World Cup,[85] and the final game of the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup.[86] The Rose
Rose
Bowl stadium was the home ground for the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Galaxy of Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
from the team's inception in 1996 until in 2003, it moved into the soccer-specific Home Depot Center (now the StubHub Center) in Carson, California. The venue additionally hosted the 1998 MLS Cup.[87] Many concerts and other events have been held in the stadium, such as Beyonce and Jay Z's "On the Run Tour" on August 2, 2014 Aquatic center[edit] The Rose
Rose
Bowl Aquatics Center sits next to the Rose
Rose
Bowl Stadium. The pool hosted the final practices of the 2000 US Olympic swimming and diving team. In 2008, the facility held the U.S. National Diving Championships.[88] Tennis center[edit] The Rose
Rose
Bowl Tennis Center, operated by the city of Pasadena, is located due south of the Rose
Rose
Bowl stadium.[89] Government[edit] Municipal government[edit] According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report of 2009, the city's various funds had $583.0 million in revenues, $518.1 million in expenditures, $954,199,439 in net assets, $732.3 million in total liabilities, and $118,261,490 in cash and investments.[90][91] Federal and state representation[edit] In the United States
United States
House of Representatives, Pasadena is split between California's 27th congressional district, represented by Democrat Judy Chu, and California's 28th congressional district, represented by Democrat Adam Schiff.[92] In the state legislature, Pasadena is in the 25th Senate District, represented by Democrat Anthony Portantino, and in the 41st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Chris Holden.[93] Education[edit]

Aerial view of Caltech
Caltech
in Pasadena, California

The California
California
Institute of Technology is in the southern-central area of Pasadena. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
(managed for NASA
NASA
by Caltech) is in Pasadena.[94] Caltech's 31 Nobel Laureates
Nobel Laureates
have brought 32 Nobel Prizes home to Pasadena.[95] In 2005, Caltech
Caltech
dedicated an on-campus weather station honoring the late Nobel laureate geneticist and meteorologist Ed Lewis. The Ed Lewis Memorial Weather Station generates weather information for KNBC
KNBC
and thousands of other Web sites on school campuses in Pasadena and all over the nation.[96] Fuller Theological Seminary, one of the largest multidenominational seminaries in the world,[97] sits just east of downtown Pasadena. The Le Cordon Bleu
Le Cordon Bleu
College of Culinary Arts (formerly known as the California
California
School of Culinary Arts) is located at East Green Street and South Madison Avenue. The school offers the Le Cordon Bleu accreditation and has two campuses in Pasadena. Pacific Oaks College
Pacific Oaks College
is located next to Pasadena's National Historic Landmark, the Gamble House. Art Center College of Design
Art Center College of Design
has two campuses in Pasadena—a Hillside Campus in the San Rafael Hills
San Rafael Hills
overlooking the Rose
Rose
Bowl and South Campus at the southern edge of town. Art Center offers an array of visual and applied art programs and ranks as one of the top five art schools in the United States
United States
and one of the top 10 art schools worldwide.[98]

The former campus of Ambassador College
Ambassador College
is now Maranatha High School and Harvest Rock Church.

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Music Academy College of Music, founded in 1996, is a contemporary music school whose acclaimed faculty of experienced professionals are active in the film, television and recording industries. The school is located between Colorado and California Boulevards on South Fair Oaks Boulevard. Pasadena City College
Pasadena City College
is a highly rated community college founded in 1924 and located on Colorado Boulevard, slightly northeast of Caltech. Until about 1970, the Rose
Rose
Parade Queen's court was exclusively selected from its students. PCC alumni include Jackie Robinson, Jaime Escalante, and Octavia E. Butler.[99] The Pasadena Unified School District
Pasadena Unified School District
encompasses 76 square miles (200 km2) and includes Pasadena, Altadena
Altadena
and Sierra Madre. There are 17 K-5 elementary schools, one K-8 school, five middle schools, two 6-12 (secondary) schools, and two high schools.[100] There are also a number of private and parochial schools in the city. Private elementary schools located in Pasadena include Judson International School, Mayfield Junior School, Chandler School, Polytechnic School, Westridge School, St. Andrew's Catholic Church, St. Phillip the Apostle School, and Sequoyah School. Private high schools include Mayfield Senior School, Judson International School, Polytechnic School, Westridge School, La Salle High School, and Maranatha High School. University of the People, the world's first tuition-free online university which awards accredited degrees, is located on Lake Avenue.[101] Pasadena had a public l before it was incorporated as a city. The Pasadena Central Library was designed by architect Myron Hunt
Myron Hunt
and dedicated in 1927.[102] The library has an area of 110,000 square feet (10,000 m2) and was recently renovated without damaging any of its historic integrity.[102] Movies like Matilda, Legally Blonde and Red Dragon utilized the Pasadena Central Library for both its architecture and interior while filming.[103] The library is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[102] Media[edit] Civic Auditorium venue[edit] The Civic Auditorium is on Green Street. It was designed to be the south cornerstone of Pasadena's Civic Plaza. Every year, the popular television competition, American Idol
American Idol
films their "Hollywood Week" show there.[104] It was also the venue for the Miss Teen USA 2007 pageant. The main auditorium is large enough to have been home to the annual Emmy Awards
Emmy Awards
ceremony for 20 years, from 1977 to 1997.[105] Television[edit] Pasadena is the setting of many TV shows including Brothers & Sisters,[106] Disney Channel's Dog with a Blog, and The Big Bang Theory.[107] Pasadena Community Access Corporation oversees four television stations: The Arroyo Channel (Channel 32), KPAS (Channel 3), KLRN (Channel 95) and PCC TV (Channel 96). Local television news for Pasadena is produced through this station by the independently operated Crown City News. ABC's TV show Splash was filmed at the Rose
Rose
Bowl Aquatics Center.[108] VH1's TV show Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew
Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew
was filmed at the Pasadena Recovery Center.[109] NBC's TV show Parks and Recreation
Parks and Recreation
was filmed in and around Pasadena.[110] CBS' TV show The Big Bang Theory
The Big Bang Theory
is based in Pasadena. Radio[edit] Pasadena has been home to a number of notable radio stations. In 1967 radio iconoclasts Tom and Raechel Donahue took over an aging studio in the basement of the Pasadena Presbyterian Church and introduced Los Angeles to FM freeform radio. Broadcasting under the KPPC-FM call sign at 106.7 FM it quickly became the voice of the counterculture and provided the soundtrack to LA's hippie era.[citation needed] Early on-air personalities included Michael McKean, David Lander, Harry Shearer, and Dr. Demento. The staff was fired en masse in 1971 and the station lost its distinctive personality.[citation needed] KPPC later went on to become KROQ-FM which is owned by Entercom. Today the primary radio station in Pasadena goes by the call sign KPCC located at 89.3 FM. Broadcasting from the Mohn Broadcast Center on South Raymond Avenue (and no longer on the Pasadena City College campus), this public radio station carries many shows from National Public Radio but maintains an independent streak, committing a large chunk of air time to presenting local and state news. Accordingly, the station has received numerous awards for journalistic excellence and continues to be an important part of the city's heritage.[citation needed] WilsonBlock100 Radio conducts audio interviews with local artists and covers events related to the local music scene. Their name derives from Wilson ave. in Pasadena's Bungalow Heaven
Bungalow Heaven
neighborhood district.[citation needed] Newspapers and magazines[edit] Pasadena's largest newspaper is the Pasadena Star-News, first published in 1884. The daily newspaper also publishes the Rose Magazine.[111] The Pasadena Journal a community weekly featuring the Black voices of the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
since 1989. The Pasadena Now is a community news website covering stories in the community since 2004. The Pasadena Weekly, an alternative weekly, has been published since 1984. Pasadena Magazine is a magazine published by MMG Publishing with offices located on South Marengo Avenue. It started publication in 2008. Infrastructure[edit] Public health department[edit] Since 1892, the Pasadena Public Health Department has been responsible for helping to protect, maintain, and improve the health of the Pasadena community. The City of Pasadena is only one of three cities in California
California
that maintains its own independent local health jurisdiction (the other two being Long Beach and Berkeley). In 2016, the Pasadena Public Health Department received accreditation by the national Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB).[112] The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Monrovia Health Center in Monrovia, serving portions of Pasadena.[113] Law enforcement[edit]

Architect Robert A. M. Stern
Robert A. M. Stern
chose a bold design for the new Pasadena, California
California
Police Department Building, which opened in 1990

The Pasadena Police Department serves most of the city of Pasadena. Unincorporated portions of the city are part of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County and are served by the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County Sheriff's Department (LASD) and the Altadena
Altadena
Station in Altadena
Altadena
serves nearby portions of Pasadena.[114] Fire department[edit] The Pasadena Fire Department moved into its first formal and permanent station in 1889. Before that they had been housed in a ramshackle structure and summoned by the church bell. There were 24 firemen for two shifts.[115] As of 2016, the Pasadena Fire Department is a ISO Class 1 department, consisting of 181 full-time employees (161 shift personnel, 20 administrative personnel) and eight modern fire stations that serve an area in a radius of 60 miles (97 km).[116][117] The Department is dispatched by the Verdugo Fire Communications Center and is one of the three agencies that oversees its operations.[118] Water and Power Department[edit]

Historic water and light fountain in central Pasadena

Pasadena Water and Power Department (PWP) provides services to an area 60 km2 (23 sq mi) and includes areas outside of the city proper including unincorporated areas of southern Altadena, East Pasadena, Chapman Woods, and East San Gabriel. Pasadena created the Pasadena Municipal Light and Power Department in 1906. On May 3, 1906, a $125,000 bond was issued to pay for the construction of a power plant. This first power plant was a wood frame and corrugated sheet iron structure which housed one 200-kW Crocker-Wheeler generator driven by a Fleming-Corliss engine, one 200-pound pressure boiler, a condenser, pumps, and other auxiliary equipment and only supplied power to the city's street lights. Expanding continued and more generating capacity was expanded and the city then offered power to commercial customers in 1908, and bought out Southern California
California
Edison's Pasadena operations in 1920.[119] In 1928 the city contracted with the federal government to buy electricity from Boulder Dam, later renamed Hoover Dam, which began delivering power in 1935. During the Depression the power company extended its building programs to provide short term jobs for citizens severely affected by the collapse of the economy. Customers were permitted to work for the company for two-week periods to earn money for food, utility bills and housing. Following many further improvements, two 50,000 kW generating units in a completely new outdoor plant went on-line in 1955 and 1958. In June 1965, a 71 MW, 83 MVA reheat unit with steam backup auxiliaries was put into service to cover the growing needs for more power in the city. In 1911, the city began condemnation actions against a number of small, local water companies. In 1912, the Water Department was created; in 1913, it began actual operations. The city continued to acquire small, local water companies for several decades afterwards, usually en toto, such as the Pasadena Lake Vineyard and Land Company, and sometimes in part, such as Las Flores Water Company's southern portions and San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
Water Company's operations in the southern reaches of Pasadena. In 1915, the Water Department added a chlorine generation system (from the Electro Beaching Gas Company of New York) to disinfect water taken from the Arroyo Seco. In the late 1920s, Pasadena took the initiative to obtain water from the Colorado River and lead the formation of the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California
California
(MWDSC or "Met").[120] The charter for the MWDSC was signed on November 6, 1928. In 1967, the Water Department and the Light and Power department were consolidated into the "Pasadena Water and Power Department" (or PWP).[119] It operates a number of wells, has a spreading ground for the capture of surface water from the Arroyo Seco, and purchases surface water from MWDSC. Historically, water from the Arroyo Seco and Eaton Canyon were collected and distributed directly to the service areas. Not long after the city took over operations, 1915, chlorine was added to the Arroyo Seco water. In 1971 the John Behner Treatment Plant was constructed to give full surface water treatment to the Arroyo Seco water. Eventually as regulatory limits were made stricter, PWP ceased all direct surface water treatment. The use of spreading grounds to recharge ground water on both the Arroyo Seco and Eaton Canyon
Eaton Canyon
capture considerable volumes of water, a little over 2,000 acre feet (2,500,000 m3) per year. A number of wells on the west side of the service area had become contaminated with volatile organic chemicals and perchlorate and had to be shut down several years. A treatment plant was built to remove these chemicals which began operation in July 2011. Transportation[edit] Public transit[edit]

Gold Line Memorial Park Station

Pasadena is served by the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Metro Gold Line light rail, which originates at the Atlantic Station in East Los Angeles. Opening in 2003,[121] there are currently six Gold Line stations in Pasadena: Fillmore Station, Del Mar Station in Old Pasadena, Memorial Park Station in Old Pasadena, Lake Station in Downtown, Allen Station and Sierra Madre Villa Station. Construction began in June 2010 to extend the Gold Line east through several additional foothill communities of the San Gabriel Valley, including Arcadia, Monrovia, Duarte, Irwindale, and Azusa. It began revenue service on March 5, 2016.[122] Pasadena is also served by various bus services. Pasadena Transit exclusively serves the city while Los Angeles
Los Angeles
metropolitan area bus services Foothill Transit, LADOT, Metro Local, Metro Express, Metro Rapid also serve Pasadena.[123] Trains[edit]

Santa Fe Depot ca. 1900

Pasadena was served by the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and San Gabriel Valley Railroad, which in 1906 became the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, at a Santa Fe Depot in downtown when the Second District was opened in 1887.[26] In 1925, the historical and traditionally styled station in Pasadena was opened.[26] Originally, the Second District was an invaluable line; it served manufacturing and agricultural businesses throughout the entire San Gabriel Valley. But longer trains had great difficulty climbing the precipitous 2.2% grade at Arroyo Seco, between Pasadena and Los Angeles, requiring the costly addition of extra locomotives. The still-used Third District opened in 1888, just a year after the Second District, and rapidly took over most of the longer freight trains.[26] The Second District and the Pasadena Depot became well known; up to 26 passenger trains went through Pasadena every day. To avoid the media in Los Angeles, many celebrities chose to use Pasadena as their main train station, bringing it an association with old Hollywood.[26][124] Amtrak
Amtrak
took over passenger rail operations in 1971, serving Pasadena with trains such as the Southwest Chief, Las Vegas Limited, and Desert Wind. On January 15, 1994, the final Southwest Chief
Southwest Chief
train arrived in Pasadena.[124] ATSF sold the line between Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and San Bernardino via Pasadena (known as the "second division"). (Now the Southwest Chief
Southwest Chief
operates over the transcon via Fullerton.) The LACMTA Gold Line still uses the same right-of-way (although different tracks) as the Santa Fe. The old depot is still visible at the Del Mar station. Electrified Light Rail was the preferred alternative to Metrolink or similar style service because the city of Pasadena did not like or want diesel locomotives traversing the city.[citation needed] The construction of the Gold Line also allowed the closure of the former railroad crossing along Colorado Boulevard
Colorado Boulevard
which meant that motorists and the Rose
Rose
Parade would no longer be hindered by trains. Airports[edit] Bob Hope Airport (also known as Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport) in nearby Burbank serves as the regional airport for Pasadena. The airport is owned and operated by the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority. The airport is under the control of the governments of the three cities for which it is named. Most destinations from Bob Hope Airport are within the United States, so Los Angeles
Los Angeles
International Airport in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and LA/ Ontario International Airport
Ontario International Airport
in Ontario are also important airports less than an hour from Pasadena. Long Beach Airport in Long Beach, California, is about an hour's drive away. John Wayne Airport
John Wayne Airport
in Orange County, California, is slightly more than an hour's drive away from Pasadena. Freeways and highways[edit] Four freeways run through Pasadena, and Pasadena is a control city for all of them. The most important is the Foothill Freeway (I-210) which enters the northwestern portion of the city from La Cañada Flintridge. The Foothill Freeway initially runs due south, passing the Rose
Rose
Bowl before its junction with the Ventura Freeway. At this interchange, the Foothill Freeway shifts its alignment and direction, becoming an east-west freeway, exiting the city on its eastern boundary before entering Arcadia. The Foothill Freeway connects Pasadena with San Fernando (westbound) and San Bernardino (eastbound).

Foothill Freeway (I-210) as seen from the Metro Gold Line Sierra Madre Villa Station

The Ventura Freeway (SR 134) starts at the junction of the Foothill Freeway (I-210) at the edge of downtown Pasadena and travels westward. This freeway is the main connector to Bob Hope Airport and the San Fernando Valley. A spur of the controversial Long Beach Freeway (SR 710 in Pasadena) is also located in Pasadena. The Long Beach Freeway was intended to connect Long Beach to Pasadena but a gap, known as the South Pasadena Gap, between Alhambra and Pasadena has not been completed due to legal battles primarily involving the city of South Pasadena. The spur starts at the junction of the Ventura Freeway and Foothill Freeway and travels south along the eastern edge of Old Pasadena
Old Pasadena
with two exits for Colorado Boulevard
Colorado Boulevard
and Del Mar Boulevard before ending at an at-grade intersection with California
California
Boulevard. Currently, Caltrans is researching the possibility of using advanced tunneling technologies to build the Long Beach Freeway underground to overcome objections, but that effort itself has engendered strong opposition. The current proposal would create twin tunnels that are 4.5 miles (7.2 km) long, the longest in the United States.

Colorado Street Bridge seen from the Arroyo Seco below

The Arroyo Seco Parkway
Arroyo Seco Parkway
(SR 110) (also known as the Pasadena Freeway) was the first freeway in California, connecting Los Angeles
Los Angeles
with Pasadena alongside the Arroyo Seco and is the primary access to Downtown Los Angeles. The freeway enters the southern part of the city from South Pasadena. Only one exit is actually inside city limits, the southbound exit connecting to State Street with access to Fair Oaks Avenue. At Glenarm Street, the freeway ends and the four-lane Arroyo Parkway continues northward to Old Pasadena. Three state highways enter the city of Pasadena. Arroyo Parkway (SR 110), maintained by the city of Pasadena, runs from the termination of the Pasadena Freeway
Pasadena Freeway
at Glenarm Street to Colorado Boulevard
Colorado Boulevard
in Old Town Pasadena. While Arroyo Parkway continues north two more blocks, SR 110 ends at Holly Street. Rosemead Boulevard
Rosemead Boulevard
(SR 19) is a state highway on the eastern edge of Pasadena and unincorporated Pasadena from Huntington Drive to Foothill Boulevard. An obscure portion of the Angeles Crest Highway
Angeles Crest Highway
(SR 2) in the San Gabriel Mountains cuts through Pasadena near the Angeles Crest Ranger Station. This 2-mile (3.2 km) stretch of highway in the Angeles National Forest is north of La Cañada Flintridge and west of Mount Wilson and is approximately 3,000 feet (910 m) in elevation. Historic U.S. Route 66 ran through Pasadena until it was decommissioned in 1964. The historic highway entered Pasadena from the east on Colorado Boulevard
Colorado Boulevard
and then jogged south on Arroyo Parkway before becoming part of the Pasadena Freeway
Pasadena Freeway
(SR 110). The intersection of Fair Oaks Avenue
Fair Oaks Avenue
and Colorado Boulevard
Colorado Boulevard
in Old Pasadena is the zero-zero, east-west, north-south postal division of Pasadena. Notable people[edit]

See List of people from Pasadena, California

Parrots[edit] Pasadena has a large, non-indigenous population of naturalized parrots. According to the "Parrot Project of Los Angeles",[125] the parrots are of at least five species.[126][127] Some residents have come to enjoy the birds as part of the city's unique culture,[128][129] while others consider them to be loud pests. There are many theories explaining how the parrots came to inhabit Pasadena.[130] A widely accepted story is that they were part of the stock that were set free for their survival from the large pet emporium at Simpson's Garden Town on East Colorado Boulevard, which burned down in 1959.[127][131] Sister cities[edit] Pasadena has six sister cities as noted by Sister Cities International (SCI)

Järvenpää, Finland (1983) Ludwigshafen, Germany (1948) pre-dates SCI Paju, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea (2009) Mishima, Shizuoka
Mishima, Shizuoka
Prefecture, Japan[132] (1957) Vanadzor, Armenia
Armenia
(1991) Xicheng District
Xicheng District
of Beijing, China (1999)

See also[edit]

Greater Los Angeles
Los Angeles
portal

Largest cities in Southern California List of cities and towns in California National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in Pasadena, California

Photo gallery[edit]

Courtyard of Pasadena City Hall

People of Pasadena celebrating the opening of the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and San Gabriel Valley Railroad with a parade on September 30, 1886 on Colorado Street

Colorado Boulevard
Colorado Boulevard
in 1890, then named Colorado Street. Looking east to Marengo Avenue. Horse-drawn wagons displaying America flags, maybe a July 4 parade.

1890 Horse-drawn streetcar on Colorado Street and Oakland in Pasadena

1913 view looking north at the Colorado Street Bridge under construction and the Scoville Bridge behind.

1914 Colorado Street Bridge just completed, and the Scoville Bridge, that a flood washed away later.

Pasadena City College

Rose
Rose
Bowl

Throop Hall at Caltech
Caltech
1912

Raymond Hotel 1901-1934.

California
California
Cycleway and Hotel Green 1904

1894 Los Angeles
Los Angeles
& Pasadena Railway Company parlor car. The parlor car was designed exclusively for scenic excursions to Pasadena and Altadena
Altadena
and the Balloon Route.

1908 Raymond and Fair Oaks Pasadena, with the Street Car Rail on both streets, with Pasadena National Bank building.

Pasadena Schools float in 1922 Rose
Rose
Bowl Parade

Pasadena High School

Caltech
Caltech
entrance at 1200 E California
California
Blvd. On the left is East Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics and on the right is the Alfred Sloan Laboratory of Mathematics and Physics.

Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
entrance

Pasadena Playhouse

Pasadena Civic Auditorium

Sierra Madre Boulevard
Sierra Madre Boulevard
in Lamanda Park, Pasadena and San Gabriel Mountains in eastern Pasadena

Norton Simon Museum

Pasadena Police logo

Rose
Rose
Parade float with white coat volunteer

USS Pasadena (SSN-752), Los Angeles-class submarine

USS Pasadena (CL-65), Cleveland-class light cruiser

Notes[edit] A The number of people counted statistically in demographics will sometimes exceed 100% because some Hispanics and Latinos identify as both White and Hispanic.[133] See Race and ethnicity in the United States Census. References[edit]

^ "Pasadena at 125: Early History of the Crown City". KCETLink. June 16, 2011. Retrieved March 15, 2015.  ^ " California
California
Cities by Incorporation Date". California
California
Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.  ^ "City of Pasadena, California". Retrieved February 19, 2015.  ^ " Mayor
Mayor
- The Mayor". City of Pasadena, California. Retrieved May 11, 2015.  ^ "District 1". City of Pasadena, California. Retrieved May 20, 2015.  ^ "District 2". City of Pasadena, California. Retrieved December 16, 2014.  ^ "District 3". City of Pasadena, California. Retrieved December 16, 2014.  ^ "District 4". City of Pasadena, California. Retrieved December 16, 2014.  ^ "District 5". City of Pasadena, California. Retrieved December 16, 2014.  ^ "District 6". City of Pasadena, California. Retrieved December 16, 2014.  ^ "City Manager". City of Pasadena. Retrieved October 1, 2014.  ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States
United States
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Postal Service. Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ "About Pasadena". City of Pasadena, California. Retrieved March 15, 2015.  ^ Anaheim (February 10, 1870) and Santa Ana (June 1, 1886) were incorporated before Pasadena and were located in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County until Orange County was separated in 1889. ^ a b c City of Pasadena website, Statistics Archived August 12, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Directions". www.jpl.nasa.gov.  ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=53W6eY8gj1kC&pg=PA7 ^ a b c d "Pasadena History". www.cityofpasadena.net.  ^ Gabrieleno/Tongva of San Gabriel Archived September 23, 2001, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Water and Power Associates, Early Views of Pasadena ^ " Pasadena Freeway
Pasadena Freeway
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United States
No. 20: 1971-2000" (PDF). WRCC. Retrieved October 10, 2014.  ^ "Pasadena". WRCC. Retrieved June 17, 2010.  ^ "Pasadena". World Meteorological Association. Retrieved March 21, 2017.  ^ "PASADENA, CALIFORNIA - Climate Summary". Wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved August 4, 2010.  ^ "PasadenaWindStorm".  ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ a b "Pasadena (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 26, 2012.  ^ a b c d " California
California
- Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012.  ^ a b From 15% sample ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Pasadena city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ "Pasadena (city) QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 26, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2014.  ^ "City of Pasadena CAFR". Retrieved August 5, 2013.  ^ "Service Location." China Eastern Airlines. Retrieved on October 20, 2012. " Los Angeles
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55 South Lake Avenue, Suite 120, Passadena [sic], CA 91101 U.S.A" ^ "One Colorado". One Colorado. Archived from the original on September 8, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "South Lake Business District". www.cityofpasadena.net. September 28, 2010. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ " Rose
Rose
Bowl Flea Market". archive.org. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010.  ^ a b Administrator. "Tournament of Roses History". discoveringpasadena.com.  ^ a b "Float Decorating ~ Tournament of Roses". archive.org. Archived from the original on April 4, 2005.  ^ a b " Doo Dah Parade
Doo Dah Parade
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Doo Dah Parade
2011 Information". Pasadenadoodahparade.info. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "2011 Pasadena Doo Dah Parade
Doo Dah Parade
- Welcome". Pasadenadoodahparade.info. April 30, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "Pasadena Doo Dah Parade
Doo Dah Parade
2011 Archive". Pasadenadoodahparade.info. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "Boston Court". Retrieved May 2, 2009.  ^ "Venues". Events.caltech.edu. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "ArtNight Pasadena". Archived from the original on April 17, 2009. Retrieved May 2, 2009.  ^ "Celebrate the Arts in Pasadena". Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved May 2, 2009.  ^ "Art Night Pasadena". Art Night Pasadena. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "Directions and Parking » Norton Simon Museum". Nortonsimon.org. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "History of PMH". Pasadena Museum of History. Retrieved February 1, 2017.  ^ "PMCA.org Welcome". Pmcaonline.org. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "Armory Cemter for the Arts web site". Armoryarts.org. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "Alyce De Roulet Williamson Gallery". Artcenter.edu. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ " Pasadena City College
Pasadena City College
Art Gallery". Pasadena.edu. Archived from the original on December 31, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "The Huntington Library". Huntington.org. Retrieved August 4, 2010.  ^ "Getting Here, Kidspace Children's Museum". Kidspacemuseum.org. Archived from the original on December 10, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "Also by David Ebershoff". Ebershoff.com. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ a b Yates, Stephanie A. (2001). Best Places Los Angeles. Sasquatch Books. p. 206. ISBN 1-57061-278-1.  ^ Arts & Crafts Homes and the Revival. Home Buyer Publications. 2009. p. 76. ISSN 1559-6117.  ^ Bates, Colleen D. (2006). Hometown Pasadena: The Insider's Guide. Prospect Park Publishing. p. 72. ISBN 0-9753939-1-X.  ^ " National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings". April 18, 2008.  ^ Old House Interiors. September 2002. p. 108. ISSN 1079-3941.  ^ "Tournament House". archive.org. Archived from the original on March 8, 2005.  ^ "History of the Tournament House". archive.org. Archived from the original on May 13, 2011.  ^ "MARKHAM, Henry Harrison - Biographical Information". Bioguide.congress.gov. October 9, 1923. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "About The Gamble House, by architects Greene and Greene
Greene and Greene
Pasadena, California". Gamblehouse.org. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "The Gamble House by Greene & Greene in Pasadena, California: official website". Gamblehouse.org. July 27, 2010. Retrieved August 4, 2010.  ^ Gamble House by Tim Street-Porter Archived August 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Images of The Gamble House - Masterwork of Greene & Greene, Jeanette Thomas, Univ. of So. Calif. 1989, ISBN 0-9622296-1-X ^ "David B. Gamble House Pasadena by Greene and Greene". Galinsky.com. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "The Gamble House". Arch.usc.edu. Archived from the original on November 26, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "The Bissell House, a South Pasadena, California
California
Bed and Breakfast Inn". Bissellhouse.com. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "Scenic Mount Lowe Railway
Mount Lowe Railway
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Rose
Bowl". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "1999 FIFA Women's World Cup".  ^ "Josh Wolff - 1998 MLS Cup". UPI.com. July 11, 2004. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ " Rose
Rose
Bowl Aquatics Center". Rosebowlaquatics.com. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ " Rose
Rose
Bowl Tennis Pasadena". Sites.google.com. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "CAFR 2009 - Finance - City of Pasadena, California". pasadena.ca.us.  ^ "2011 Operating Budget - Finance - City of Pasadena, California". pasadena.ca.us.  ^ "Communities of Interest - City". California
California
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NASA
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Caltech
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University of the People
location". Retrieved June 24, 2014.  ^ a b c "About the Library". pasadena.ca.us.  ^ Library, City of Pasadena . "Central Library – Pasadena Public Library". ww5.cityofpasadena.net. Retrieved 2018-02-02.  ^ " Los Angeles
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- Season 9 Auditions". American Idol. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ "Emmy Awards". The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved May 6, 2009.  ^ "Brothers & Sisters: Nora Walker's House in Pasadena". Hookedonhouses.net. September 1, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ MacQuarrie, Jim (February 28, 2016). "A 'Big Bang Theory' Tour of Pasadena". GeekDad.com. Retrieved January 31, 2017.  ^ Patrick Kevin Day, ABC, Louie Anderson take the plunge with 'Splash', Los Angeles
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Times, March 19, 2013 ^ Pasadena Recovery Center, Retrieved March 7, 2016 ^ "Say goodbye to Parks And Recreation's shooting locations one last time". February 25, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2017.  ^ "About Us". Rose
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Magazine. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2011.  ^ [1] ^ "Monrovia Health Center." Los Angeles
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Further reading[edit]

Winter, Robert (2009). "Pasadena, 1900–1910: The Birth of Its Culture". Southern California
California
Quarterly. 91: 295–318. doi:10.2307/41172481. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pasadena, California.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Pasadena.

Official website "Early Views of Pasadena" Pasadena Museum of History

Places adjacent to Pasadena, California

La Cañada Flintridge & JPL Altadena Sierra Madre & San Gabriel Mountains

Glendale

Pasadena

Arcadia

Eagle Rock, Los Angeles South Pasadena & San Marino E. San Gabriel & E. Pasadena

v t e

Pasadena, California

History

Hahamog-na Rancho San Pasqual Indiana Colony Super Bowl
Super Bowl
XI XIV XVII XXI XXVII

Government

Mayor City Council City Hall Pasadena Transit Pasadena Unified School District Pasadena Police Department

Culture

Armory Center for the Arts Brookside Golf Course California
California
Art Club Convention Center Kidspace Children's Museum Norton Simon Museum Pasadena Chalk Festival Pasadena Museum of California
California
Art Pasadena Museum of History Pasadena Symphony and POPS Rose
Rose
Bowl Rose
Rose
Bowl Aquatics Center Rose
Rose
Parade USC Pacific Asia Museum

Neighborhoods

Downtown

Civic Center Old Pasadena

Northwest

Banbury Oaks Brookside Park/Arroyo Terrace Garfield Heights La Pintoresca Lincoln-Villa Linda Vista Muir Heights The Oaks Orange Heights Prospect Park Villa Parke

North Lake

Bungalow Heaven Catalina Villas Lexington Heights Normandie Heights Olive Heights Washington Square

Northeast

Brigden Ranch Casa Grande Daisy Villa East Washington Village Jefferson Park Victory Park

Far East

California
California
Village Chapman Eaton Canyon Hastings Ranch

Southwest

Annandale Bellefontaine/Governor Markham Lower Arroyo Raymond Hill/Arroyo Del Mar

Southeast

Lamanda Park Madison Heights Marceline Oak Knoll Playhouse District South Lake

Education

Colleges and universities

Pasadena City College Art Center College of Design California
California
Institute of Technology Fuller Theological Seminary Pacific Oaks College Providence Christian College William Carey International University Ambassador College
Ambassador College
(closed) Highland College
Highland College
(closed)

Landmarks

Ambassador Auditorium Paseo Colorado Pasadena Conference Center

Media

Pasadena Star-News Pasadena Weekly

v t e

Tournament of Roses

Rose
Rose
Parade

Rose
Rose
Parade Bands Rose
Rose
Parade Floats Rose
Rose
Parade Grand Marshals Tournament of Roses Association Rose
Rose
Palace Rose
Rose
Queens Rose
Rose
Parade Themes Tournament of Roses Presidents

Floats

Cal Poly Universities (Pomona & San Luis Obispo) Rose
Rose
Float Valley Hunt Club

Rose
Rose
Bowl

Rose
Rose
Bowl Game Rose
Rose
Bowl Stadium Rose
Rose
Bowl Game Broadcasters Tournament Park Great Rose
Rose
Bowl Hoax Bowl Championship Series
Bowl Championship Series
(BCS) BCS TV & Radio BCS controversies College Football Playoff

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, California, United States

County seat: Los Angeles

Cities

Agoura Hills Alhambra Arcadia Artesia Avalon Azusa Baldwin Park Bell Bell Gardens Bellflower Beverly Hills Bradbury Burbank Calabasas Carson Cerritos Claremont Commerce Compton Covina Cudahy Culver City Diamond Bar Downey Duarte El Monte El Segundo Gardena Glendale Glendora Hawaiian Gardens Hawthorne Hermosa Beach Hidden Hills Huntington Park Industry Inglewood Irwindale La Cañada Flintridge La Habra Heights La Mirada La Puente La Verne Lakewood Lancaster Lawndale Lomita Long Beach Los Angeles Lynwood Malibu Manhattan Beach Maywood Monrovia Montebello Monterey Park Norwalk Palmdale Palos Verdes Estates Paramount Pasadena Pico Rivera Pomona Rancho Palos Verdes Redondo Beach Rolling Hills Rolling Hills Estates Rosemead San Dimas San Fernando San Gabriel San Marino Santa Clarita Santa Fe Springs Santa Monica Sierra Madre Signal Hill South El Monte South Gate South Pasadena Temple City Torrance Vernon Walnut West Covina West Hollywood Westlake Village Whittier

CDPs

Acton Agua Dulce Alondra Park Altadena Avocado Heights Castaic Charter Oak Citrus Del Aire Desert View Highlands East Los Angeles East Pasadena East Rancho Dominguez East San Gabriel East Whittier Elizabeth Lake Florence-Graham Green Valley Hacienda Heights Hasley Canyon La Crescenta-Montrose Ladera Heights Lake Hughes Lake Los Angeles Lennox Leona Valley Littlerock Marina del Rey Mayflower Village North El Monte Quartz Hill Rose
Rose
Hills Rowland Heights San Pasqual South Monrovia Island South San Gabriel South San Jose Hills South Whittier Stevenson Ranch Sun Village Topanga Val Verde Valinda View Park-Windsor Hills Vincent Walnut Park West Athens West Carson West Puente Valley West Rancho Dominguez West Whittier-Los Nietos Westmont Willowbrook

Unincorporated communities

Agoura Alla Alpine Alsace Altacanyada Andrade Corner Antelope Acres Antelope Center Athens Aurant Bassett Big Pines Boiling Point Castaic Junction City Terrace Cornell Del Sur Del Valle Firestone Park Florence Gorman Hillgrove Hi Vista Indian Springs Juniper Hills Kagel Canyon Kinneloa Mesa Largo Vista Llano Malibu Vista Monte Nido Neenach Ninetynine Oaks Pearblossom Rancho Dominguez Red Box Sand Canyon Sandberg Seminole Hot Springs Three Points Two Harbors Universal City Valyermo

Ghost towns

Achois Acuragna Ahapchingas Alpine Alyeupkigna Awigna Azucsagna Bairdstown Bartolo Cahuenga Chandler Chokishgna Chowigna Clayton Cow Springs Cucamonga Desert Relief Eldoradoville Evergreen Falling Springs Fort Tejon Gaspur Guirardo Hahamongna Harasgna Holland Summit Hollands Holton Honmoyausha Houtgna Hyperion Isanthcogna Juyubit King's Station Kowanga Las Tunas Lyons Station Machado Malibu Mar Vista Maugna Mentryville Motordrome Mud Spring Nacaugna Oberg Okowvinjha Palisades Del Rey Pasinogna Petroleopolis Pimocagna Pubugna Quapa Savannah Saway-yanga Sibagna Sisitcanogna Soledad Sulphur Springs Sonagna Suangna Takuyumam Toviseanga Toybipet Tuyunga Virgenes Wahoo Walton Place Widow Smith's Station Wilsona

v t e

U.S. National Register of Historic Places

Topics

Architectural style categories Contributing property Historic district History of the National Register of Historic Places Keeper of the Register National Park Service Property types

Lists by states

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Lists by insular areas

American Samoa Guam Minor Outlying Islands Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Virgin Islands

Lists by associated states

Federated States of Micronesia Marshall Islands Palau

Other areas

District of Columbia Morocco

Portal

v t e

Greater Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Area

Central city

Los Angeles

Counties

Los Angeles Orange Riverside San Bernardino Ventura

Satellite cities

Long Beach Riverside San Bernardino

Cities >200k

Anaheim Fontana Glendale Huntington Beach Irvine Long Beach Moreno Valley Oxnard Riverside San Bernardino Santa Ana

Cities and towns 100k−200k

Burbank Corona Costa Mesa Downey East Los Angeles El Monte Fullerton Garden Grove Inglewood Lancaster Murrieta Norwalk Ontario Orange Palmdale Pasadena Pomona Rancho Cucamonga Rialto Santa Clarita Simi Valley Temecula Thousand Oaks Torrance Ventura Victorville West Covina

Area regions

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
metropolitan area Antelope Valley Central Los Angeles Coachella Valley Colorado Desert Conejo Valley Downtown Los Angeles East Los Angeles Gateway Cities Greater Hollywood Harbor Area Inland Empire Mojave Desert Northwest Los Angeles Palos Verdes Peninsula Pomona Valley San Bernardino Valley San Fernando Valley San Gabriel Valley Santa Ana Valley Santa Clarita Valley Simi Valley South Bay South Los Angeles Victor Valley Westside Los Angeles

Landforms

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin Baldwin Hills (range) Catalina Island Channel Islands Chino Hills Hollywood Hills Oxnard Plain Palos Verdes Hills Puente Hills San Fernando Valley San Gabriel Mountains San Gabriel Valley San Jacinto Mountains Santa Ana Mountains Santa Monica Mountains Santa Susana Mountains Sierra Pelona Mountains Simi Hills Verdugo Mountains

Bodies of water

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
River Aliso Creek Arroyo Calabasas Arroyo Seco Ballona Creek Bell Creek Big Bear Lake Coyote Creek Lake Arrowhead Lake Gregory Lake Perris Lake Piru Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Aqueduct Malibu Creek Mojave River Pacific Ocean Pyramid Lake Rio Hondo San Gabriel River San Juan Creek San Pedro Bay Santa Ana River Santa Clara River Santa Margarita River Santa Monica Bay Tujunga Wash

v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in California

Eric Garcetti (Los Angeles) Kevin Faulconer (San Diego) Sam Liccardo (San Jose) Mark Farrell (San Francisco) Lee Brand (Fresno) Darrell Steinberg (Sacramento) Robert Garcia (Long Beach) Libby Schaaf (Oakland) Karen Goh (Bakersfield) Tom Tait (Anaheim) Miguel A. Pulido (Santa Ana) Rusty Bailey (Riverside) Anthony Silva (Stockton) Mary Salas (Chula Vista) Don Wagner (Irvine) Lily Mei (Fremont) R. Carey Davis (San Bernardino) Garrad Marsh (Modesto) Acquanetta Warren (Fontana) Tim Flynn (Oxnard) Jesse Molina (Moreno Valley)* Mike Posey (Huntington Beach)* Paula Devine (Glendale)* Marsha McLean (Santa Clarita)* Jim Wood (Oceanside) Steven R. Jones (Garden Grove) L. Dennis Michael (Rancho Cucamonga) John Sawyer (Santa Rosa)* Paul S. Leon (Ontario) Gary Davis (Elk Grove) Eugene Montanez (Corona)* R. Rex Parris (Lancaster) James C. Ledford Jr. (Palmdale) Barbara Halliday (Hayward) Joe Gunter (Salinas) Elliot Rothman (Pomona) Jim Griffith (Sunnyvale) Sam Abed (Escondido) Patrick J. Furey (Torrance) Terry Tornek (Pasadena) Teresa Smith (Orange) Greg Sebourn (Fullerton)* Carol Garcia (Roseville) Steve Nelsen (Visalia) Al Adam (Thousand Oaks)* Edi E. Birsan (Concord)* Bob Huber (Simi Valley) Jamie L. Matthews (Santa Clara) Gloria Garcia (Victorville) Bob Sampayan (Vallejo) Jesse Arreguín (Berkeley) Andre Quintero (El Monte) Luis H. Marquez (Downey)* Matt Hall (Carlsbad) Stephen Mensinger (Costa Mesa)* Harry T. Price (Fairfield) Jeff Comerchero (Temecula) James T. Butts Jr. (Inglewood) Wade Harper (Antioch) Harry Ramos (Murrieta) Cheryl Heitmann (Ventura)* Tom Butt (Richmond) Fredrick Sykes (West Covina)* Luigi Vernola (Norwalk)* Raymond A. Buenaventura (Daly City) Bob Frutos (Burbank)* Alice Patino (Santa Maria) Nathan Magsig (Clovis)* Bill Wells (El Cajon) Maureen Freschet (San Mateo)* Judy Ritter (Vista) Brad Hancock (Jurupa Valley)

^* Mayor
Mayor
selected from city council

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 157889787 LCCN: n79027009 GND: 4205363-8 BNF:

.