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The Party of European Socialists
Party of European Socialists
(PES) is a social-democratic European political party.[3] The PES comprises national-level political parties from all member states of the European Union
European Union
(EU) plus Norway. This includes major parties such as the Italian Democratic Party, the British Labour Party, the French Socialist Party, Social Democratic Party of Germany and the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party. Parties from a number of other European countries are also admitted to the PES as associate or observer parties.[4] Most member, associate and observer parties are members of the wider Progressive Alliance
Progressive Alliance
or Socialist International.[5] [6] The PES is currently led by its president Sergei Stanishev, a former Prime Minister of Bulgaria. Its political group in the European Parliament is the Progressive Alliance
Progressive Alliance
of Socialists and Democrats (S&D). The PES also operates in the Committee of the Regions
Committee of the Regions
(in the PES Group in the Committee of the Regions) and the European Council.

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 1960s 2.2 1970s 2.3 1980s 2.4 1990s 2.5 2000s 2.6 2010s

3 Organisation

3.1 Member parties 3.2 Constituent organisations 3.3 International memberships 3.4 President and Presidency 3.5 Governance 3.6 European election primaries

4 PES in the European institutions

4.1 Overview of the European institutions 4.2 European Parliament 4.3 European Commission 4.4 European Council 4.5 European Council
European Council
and Council of Ministers

4.5.1 Overview

4.6 Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe 4.7 Committee of the Regions

5 References 6 External links

Name[edit] The party's English name is "Party of European Socialists". In addition, the following names are used in other languages:

Albanian: Partia e Socialistëve Europianë Bosnian: Partija europskih socijalista Bulgarian: Партия на европейските социалисти Croatian: Stranka europskih socijalista Czech: Strana evropských socialistů Danish: De Europæiske Socialdemokrater Dutch: Partij van de Europese Sociaaldemocraten Estonian: Euroopa Sotsialistlik Partei Finnish: Euroopan sosialidemokraattinen puolue French: Parti socialiste européen German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas Greek: Ευρωπαϊκό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα Hungarian: Európai Szocialisták Pártja Icelandic: Flokkur evrópskra sósíalista Irish: Páirtí na Sóisialaithe Eorpach Italian: Partito del Socialismo Europeo Maltese: Partit tas-Soċjalisti Ewropej Latvian: Eiropas Sociāldemokrātiskā partija Lithuanian: Europos socialistų partija Macedonian: Партија на европските социјалисти Norwegian: Det europeiske sosialdemokratiske partiet Polish: Partia Europejskich Socjalistów Portuguese: Partido Socialista Europeu Romanian: Partidul Socialiștilor Europeni Serbian: Партија европских социјалиста Slovak: Strana európskych socialistov Slovene: Stranka evropskih socialistov Spanish: Partido Socialista Europeo Swedish: Europeiska socialdemokraters parti

In March 2014 following the congress in Rome, the PES added the tagline "Socialists and Democrats" to its name following the admission of Italy's Democratic Party into the organisation.[7] History[edit] 1960s[edit] In 1961, the Socialists in the European Parliament
European Parliament
attempted to produce a common 'European Socialist Programme' but this was neglected due to the applications of Britain, Denmark, Ireland and Norway
Norway
to join the European Community. The Socialists' 1962 congress pushed for greater democratisation and powers for Parliament, though it was only in 1969 that this possibility was examined by the member states.[8] 1970s[edit] In 1973, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
joined the European Community, bringing in new parties from these countries. The enlarged Socialist Congress met in Bonn
Bonn
and inaugurated the Confederation of the Socialist Parties of the European Community. The Congress also passed a resolution on social policy, including the right to decent work, social security, democracy and equality in the European economy.[9] In 1978, the Confederation of Socialist Parties approved the first common European election Manifesto. It focused on several goals among which the most important were to ensure a right to decent work, fight pollution, end discrimination, protect the consumer and promote peace, human rights and civil liberties. 1980s[edit] At its Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Congress in 1980, the Confederation of Socialist Parties approved its first Statute. The accession of Greece
Greece
to the EU in 1981, followed by Spain
Spain
and Portugal
Portugal
in 1986, brought in more parties. In 1984, a common Socialist election manifesto proposed a socialist remedy for the economic crisis of the time by establishing a link between industrial production, protection of fundamental social benefits, and the fight for an improved quality of life.[9] 1990s[edit] In 1992, with the European Community
European Community
becoming the European Union
European Union
and with the Treaty of Maastricht
Treaty of Maastricht
establishing the framework for political parties at a European level, the Confederation of Socialist Parties voted to transform itself into the Party of European Socialists. The party's first programme concentrated on job creation, democracy, gender equality, environmental and consumer protection, peace and security, regulation of immigration, discouragement of racism and fighting organised crime.[9] Along with the Socialist Group in the European Parliament, the founding members of the PES were:[10]

Social Democratic Party of Austria Socialist Party (Francophone) and the Socialist Party (Flemish) of Belgium Social Democrats of Denmark Socialist Party of France Social Democratic Party of Germany Panhellenic Socialist Movement
Panhellenic Socialist Movement
of Greece Labour Party of Ireland Italian Democratic Socialist Party, Italian Socialist Party
Italian Socialist Party
and Democratic Party of the Left
Democratic Party of the Left
of Italy Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Socialist Workers' Party Labour Party of the Netherlands Socialist Party of Portugal Spanish Socialist Workers' Party Swedish Social Democratic Party Labour Party and Social Democratic and Labour Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party
of the UK

2000s[edit] In 2004 Poul Nyrup Rasmussen
Poul Nyrup Rasmussen
defeated Giuliano Amato
Giuliano Amato
to be elected President of the PES, succeeding Robin Cook
Robin Cook
in the post. He was re-elected for a further 2.5 years at the PES Congress in Porto on 8 December 2006 and again at the Prague Congress in 2009. 2010s[edit] In 2010, the Foundation for European Progressive Studies was founded as the political foundation (think tank) of the PES. Mr Rasmussen stood down at the PES Progressive Convention in Brussels on 24 November 2011. He was replaced as interim president by Sergei Stanishev, chairman of the Bulgarian Socialist Party
Bulgarian Socialist Party
(BSP) and former prime minister of Bulgaria. On 28-29 September 2012, the PES Congress in Brussels[11] Congress elected interim president Sergei Stanishev
Sergei Stanishev
as full President, as well as four deputies: Jean-Christophe Cambadélis (1st Vice-President – PS), Elena Valenciano
Elena Valenciano
(PSOE), Jan Royall
Jan Royall
(Labour) and Katarína Neveďalová (Smer-SD). The same Congress elected Achim Post (SPD) as its new secretary general, and adopted a process which it described as "democratic and transparent" for electing its next candidate for Commission President in 2014.[12] The PES had already agreed in 2011 to use a PES presidential primary for the election. Organisation[edit]

Social democracy

Development

Humanism Age of Enlightenment French Revolution Utopian socialism Revolutions of 1848 Marxism

Orthodox Revisionist

Ethical socialism Democratic socialism Liberal socialism Market socialism Progressivism Reformism Gradualism Frankfurt Declaration Keynesianism Welfare
Welfare
capitalism Third Way

Ideas

Social justice Democracy

economic representative

Labor rights Mixed economy Welfare Trade unionism Fair trade Environmental protection Negative and positive rights Secularism Social corporatism Social market economy

Variants

Bernsteinism Liberal socialism Nordic model Godesberg Third Way

People

Attlee Awolowo Ben-Gurion Bernstein Betancourt Bhutto Blair Blanc Brandt Branting Corbyn Craxi Crosland Curtin Daszyński Debs Douglas Ecevit González Goulart Hilferding Jaurès Junmai Katayama Kennedy Kerensky Kéthly Lagos Lassalle Layton Lévesque Luxemburg MacDonald Mandela Morales Nehru Batlle y Ordóñez Palme Plekhanov Prodi Sanders Savage Stauning Thomas

Organizations

Social democratic parties Socialist International International Union of Socialist Youth Party of European Socialists Progressive Alliance Young European Socialists International Trade Union Confederation

Socialism portal Economics portal Politics portal

v t e

Member parties[edit] The PES has thirty-four full member parties from all the twenty-eight EU member states and Norway. There are a further thirteen associate and twelve observer parties from other European countries.[13]

State Name abbr. European MPs National MPs

 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria SPÖ

5 / 18

52 / 183

20 / 62

 Belgium Socialist Party PS

3 / 8

[. 1]

23 / 63

9 / 24

[. 1]

Socialist Party – Differently sp.a

1 / 13

[. 2]

13 / 87

5 / 35

[. 2]

 Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party BSP

4 / 17

80 / 240

 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia SDP

2 / 11

36 / 151

 Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy EDEK

2 / 6

3 / 56

 Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party ČSSD

4 / 21

15 / 200

 Denmark Social Democrats A

3 / 13

47 / 179

 Estonia Social Democratic Party SDE

1 / 6

15 / 101

 Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland SDP

2 / 13

35 / 200

 France Socialist Party PS

10 / 74

86 / 348

27 / 577

 Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD

27 / 96

153 / 709

 Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement PASOK

2 / 21

18 / 300

 Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party MSZP

4 / 21

28 / 199

Hungarian Social Democratic Party MSZDP

0 / 21

0 / 199

 Ireland Labour Party Labour

0 / 11

5 / 60

7 / 158

 Italy Democratic Party PD

26 / 73

54 / 315

112 / 630

Italian Socialist Party PSI

0 / 73

3 / 315

3 / 630

 Latvia Social Democratic Party "Harmony" SDPS

1 / 8

24 / 100

 Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania LSDP

2 / 11

17 / 141

 Luxembourg Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Socialist Workers' Party LSAP

1 / 6

13 / 60

 Malta Labour Party PL

3 / 6

37 / 69

 Netherlands Labour Party PvdA

3 / 26

8 / 75

9 / 150

 Norway Labour Party AP Not in EU

49 / 169

 Poland Democratic Left Alliance SLD

4 / 51

0 / 100

0 / 460

Labour United UP

1 / 51

0 / 100

0 / 460

 Portugal Socialist Party PS

8 / 21

86 / 230

 Romania Social Democratic Party PSD

16 / 32

67 / 168

154 / 398

 Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy Smer-SD

4 / 13

49 / 150

 Slovenia Social Democrats SD

1 / 8

6 / 90

 Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party PSOE

14 / 54

62 / 266

84 / 350

 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party SAP

5 / 20

113 / 349

 United Kingdom Labour Party Labour

20 / 73

202 / 804

262 / 650

Social Democratic and Labour Party SDLP

0 / 73

0 / 786

0 / 650

0 / 18

Associated parties

State Name abbr. European MPs National MPs

 Albania Socialist Party of Albania PSS

74 / 140

 Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina SDP

0 / 15

3 / 42

 Bulgaria Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats PBS

0 / 8

1 / 240

 Iceland Social Democratic Alliance Samf.

7 / 63

 Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia SDSM

49 / 120

 Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova PDM

19 / 101

 Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro DPS

31 / 81

Social Democratic Party of Montenegro SDP

6 / 81

 Kosovo Vetëvendosje VV

31 / 120

 Serbia Democratic Party DS

12 / 250

  Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland SP/PS

46 / 200

 Turkey Republican People's Party CHP

131 / 550

Peoples' Democratic Party HDP

59 / 550

Observer parties

State Name abbr. European MPs National MPs

 Andorra Social Democratic Party PS

3 / 28

 Armenia Armenian Revolutionary Federation ARF

7 / 131

 Egypt Egyptian Social Democratic Party ESDP

4 / 596

 Georgia Georgian Dream

115 / 150

 Israel Israeli Labor Party עבודה

19 / 120

Meretz מרצ

5 / 120

 Lebanon Armenian Revolutionary Federation ARF

2 / 128

 Latvia Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party LSDSP

0 / 9

0 / 100

 Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces USFP

24 / 270

20 / 395

 Nagorno Karabakh Armenian Revolutionary Federation ARF

7 / 33

 Northern Cyprus Republican Turkish Party CTP

20 / 50

 Palestine Fatah فتح

45 / 132

 San Marino Party of Socialists and Democrats PSD

3 / 60

 Tunisia Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties FDTL

0 / 217

^ a b French-speaking seats ^ a b Flemish seats

Constituent organisations[edit] The youth organisation of the PES is the Young European Socialists. PES Women is the party's women's organisation, led by Zita Gurmai. The LGBTI campaign organisation is Rainbow Rose.[14] International memberships[edit] PES is an associated organisation of Socialist International
Socialist International
and the Progressive Alliance. President and Presidency[edit] The President (currently former Prime Minister of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
Sergei Stanishev) represents the party on a daily basis and chairs the Presidency, which also consists of the Secretary General, President of the S&D group in Parliament and one representative per full/associate member party and organisation. They may also be joined by the President of the European Parliament
European Parliament
(if a PES member), a PES European Commissioner
European Commissioner
and a representative from associate parties and organisations.[14] The list below shows PES Presidents and the presidents of its predecessors.[15]

President State National party Term

1. Wilhelm Dröscher  Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany April 1974 January 1979

2. Robert Pontillon  France Socialist Party January 1979 March 1980

3. Joop den Uyl  Netherlands Labour Party March 1980 May 1987

4. Vítor Constâncio  Portugal Socialist Party May 1987 January 1989

5. Guy Spitaels  Belgium Socialist Party February 1989 May 1992

6. Willy Claes  Belgium Socialist Party November 1992 October 1994

7. Rudolf Scharping  Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany March 1995 May 2001

8. Robin Cook  United Kingdom Labour Party May 2001 24 April 2004

9. Poul Nyrup Rasmussen  Denmark Social Democrats 24 April 2004 24 November 2011

10. Sergei Stanishev  Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party 24 November 2011 –

Governance[edit] The parties meet at the party Congress twice every five years to decide on political orientation, such as adopting manifestos ahead of elections. Every year that the Congress does not meet, the Council (a smaller version of the Congress) shapes PES policy. The Congress also elects the party's President, Vice Presidents and the Presidency.[14] The Leader's Conference brings together Prime Ministers and Party Leaders from PES parties three to four times a year to agree strategies and resolutions.[14] European election primaries[edit] In December 2009, the PES decided to put forward a candidate for Commission President at all subsequent elections.[16] On 1 March 2014, the PES organised for the first time a European election Congress where a Common Manifesto
Manifesto
[17] was adopted and the Common Candidate designate for the post of Commission President, Martin Schulz, was elected by over a thousand participants in Rome, Italy. PES member parties across Europe joined forces to campaign for the European elections, and a mass grassroots movement sprang up in support of Martin Schulz, aiming to ‘knock the vote’ in support of his candidacy. PES in the European institutions[edit] Overview of the European institutions[edit]

Organisation Institution Number of seats

 European Union European Parliament

191 / 751

 European Union Committee of the Regions

131 / 350

 European Union European Commission

8 / 28

 European Union European Council (Heads of Government)

5 / 28

 European Union Council of the European Union (Participation in Government)

12 / 28

 Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly

69 / 318

European Parliament[edit] Further information: Progressive Alliance
Progressive Alliance
of Socialists and Democrats European Commission[edit] European Commissioners are meant to remain independent, however there has been an increasing degree of politicisation within the Commission.[18] In the current European Commission, eight of the Commissioners belong to the PES family.

Portfolio Commissioner State Political party Photo

1st Vice-President of the European Commission 1st Vice-President; Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights

Timmermans, FransFrans Timmermans

Netherlands

PvdA

High Representative of the European Union
European Union
for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Mogherini, FedericaFederica Mogherini

Italy

PD

Vice-President; Energy Union Šefčovič, MarošMaroš Šefčovič

Slovakia

SMER-SD

Regional Policy Crețu, CorinaCorina Crețu

Romania

PSD

Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs Moscovici, PierrePierre Moscovici

France

PS

Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Vella, KarmenuKarmenu Vella

Malta

LP

International Cooperation and Development Mimica, NevenNeven Mimica

Croatia

SDP

Health and Food Safety Andriukaitis, VytenisVytenis Andriukaitis

Lithuania

SDP

European Council[edit] Of the 28 heads of state and government that are members of the European Council, five are from the PES, and therefore regularly attend PES summits to prepare for European Council
European Council
meetings.

Member State Representative Title Political party Member of the Council since Photo

 Italy Gentiloni, PaoloPaolo Gentiloni President of the Council of Ministers Democratic Party 000000002016-12-12-000012 December 2016

 Malta Muscat, JosephJoseph Muscat Prime Minister Labour Party 000000002013-03-11-000011 March 2013

 Portugal Costa, AntónioAntónio Costa Prime Minister Socialist Party 000000002015-11-26-000026 November 2015

 Slovakia Fico, RobertRobert Fico Chairman of the Government Direction – Social Democracy 000000002012-04-04-00004 April 2012

 Sweden Löfven, StefanStefan Löfven Prime Minister Social Democratic Party 000000002014-10-03-00003 October 2014

Although the prime minister of Romania, Mihai Tudose, is also a member of the PES (and his Social Democratic Party is a PES member party), Romania
Romania
instead sends its president to the European Council. European Council
European Council
and Council of Ministers[edit]

The states of the European Union
European Union
by the European party affiliations of their leaders, as of 6 April 2018 Does not account for coalitions. Key to colours is as follows;   European People's Party   Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party   Party of European Socialists   Independent   Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe   Party of the European Left

Party-alignment at the European Council
European Council
is often loose, but has been the basis of some intergovernmental cooperation. At present five countries are led by a PES-affiliated leader, who represents that state at the European Council: Italy
Italy
(Matteo Renzi), Portugal
Portugal
(Antonio Costa), Malta
Malta
(Joseph Muscat), Slovakia
Slovakia
(Robert Fico), and Sweden (Stefan Löfven). The makeup of national delegations to the Council of Ministers is at some times subject to coalitions: for the above governments led by a PES party, that party may not be present in all Council configurations; in other governments led by non-PES parties a PES minister may be its representative for certain portfolios. PES is in coalition in a further seven countries: Estonia, France, Germany, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Romania
Romania
and Slovenia. Overview[edit]

State Governing parties Affiliated EU party Population Votes

 Germany Christian Democratic Union Social Democratic Party Christian Social Union EPP PES EPP 7007805857000000000♠80,585,700 29

 France La République En Marche! Democratic Movement The Republicans Socialist Party Radical Party of the Left None EDP EPP PES None 7007666616210000000♠66,661,621 29

 Italy Democratic Party Popular Alternative PES EPP 7007607826880000000♠60,782,688 29

 Romania Social Democratic Party Alliance of Liberals and Democrats PES ALDE 7007213558000000000♠21,355,800 14

 Portugal Socialist Party PES 7007103413300000000♠10,341,330 12

 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party Green Party PES EGP 7006965830100000000♠9,658,301 10

 Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy PES 7006540430000000000♠5,404,300 7

 Lithuania Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union Social Democratic Party of Lithuania None PES 7006300780000000000♠3,007,800 7

 Slovenia Positive Slovenia Social Democrats Civic List Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia None PES ALDE None 7006205550000000000♠2,055,500 4

 Estonia Estonian Centre Party Social Democratic Party Pro Patria and Res Publica Union ALDE Party PES EPP 7006131594400000000♠1,315,944 4

 Luxembourg Democratic Party Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Socialist Workers' Party The Greens ALDE PES EGP 7005524900000000000♠524,900 4

 Malta Labour Party PES 7005416100000000000♠416,100 3

Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe[edit] Further information: Socialist Group Committee of the Regions[edit] PES has 122 members in the Committee of the Regions
Committee of the Regions
as of 2014.[19] References[edit]

^ Nordsieck, Wolfram. "Parties and Elections in Europe". www.parties-and-elections.eu.  ^ a b Richard Dunphy (2004). Contesting Capitalism?: Left Parties and European Integration. Manchester University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-7190-6804-1.  ^ Robert Thomson (2011). Resolving Controversy in the European Union: Legislative Decision-Making Before and After Enlargement. Cambridge University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-139-50517-8. Retrieved 9 August 2013.  ^ "Member parties of the PES". 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-08-08.  ^ "Member parties of the Progressive Alliance". 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-08-08.  ^ "Member parties of Socialist International". 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-08-08.  ^ "Il PSE "omaggia "il PD cambiando ufficialmente nome: PSE - Socialists&Democrats" (in Italian). 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2016-09-20.  ^ "Northern European Social Democracy
Democracy
and European Integration, 1960-1972. Moving towards a New Consensus?". Academia.edu. Retrieved 23 May 2013.  ^ a b c "History". Socialist Group website. Archived from the original on 1 November 2007. Retrieved 11 November 2007.  ^ Skrzypek, Ania (2013). "Europe, Our Common Future" Celebrating 20 years of the Party of European Socialists
Party of European Socialists
(PDF). Belgium: FEPS – Foundation for European Progressive Studies. ISBN 978-3-85464-037-0.  ^ "Together for the Europe we need!". Zita Gurmai, President of PES Women. 26 July 2012. Archived from the original on 19 August 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.  ^ "Ethics in politics : For strong moral conduct through a strong moral code" (PDF). PES Presidency declaration. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2012.  ^ "About the PES?". PES website. Retrieved 14 September 2016.  ^ a b c d "How does PES work?". PES website. Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2007.  ^ "Former PES Presidents". PES website. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2008.  ^ "A New Direction for Progressive Societies. Resolution N. 2 A new way forward. Adopted by the 8th PES Congress" (PDF). PES. 8 December 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2010. [permanent dead link] ^ "PES Manifesto
Manifesto
Towards a New Europe. Adopted by Election
Election
Congress 2014 in Rome" (PDF). PES. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.  ^ Mahony, Honor (7 May 2007). " Brussels
Brussels
struggles with communication policy". EU Observer. Retrieved 12 May 2007.  ^ "PES Group Members". Archived from the original on 6 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Party of European Socialists.

Party of European Socialists, official website Parliamentary Group of the Party of European Socialists, official website European Youth Guarantee campaign, official website PES Group in the Committee of the Regions, official website

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Party of European Socialists
Party of European Socialists
(PES)

European Parliament
European Parliament
group: Progressive Alliance
Progressive Alliance
of Socialists and Democrats

Parties

Member states

SPÖ PS sp.a BSP/БСП SDP EDEK/ΕΔΕΚ ČSSD A SDE SDP PS SPD PA.SO.K./ΠΑ.ΣΟ.Κ. MSZP MSZDP Lab PD PSI LSDP LSAP PL PvdA SLD UP PS PSD SMER-SD SD PSOE SAP Lab SDLP

Member parties (non-EU)

AP

Associated parties (EU)

PBSD/БСДП

Associated parties (non-EU)

PS SDP BiH S SDSM/СДСМ DPS SDP VV DS SP/PS CHP HDP

Observer parties (EU)

LSDSP Saskaņa

Observer parties (non-EU)

PS ARF ESDP/الديمقراطي GD HaAvoda/העבודה Meretz/מרצ PDM USPT CTP Fatah/فتح PSD FDTL

Presidents

Wilhelm Dröscher Robert Pontillon Joop den Uyl Vítor Constâncio Guy Spitaels Willy Claes Rudolf Scharping Robin Cook Poul Nyrup Rasmussen Sergei Stanishev

Presidents in the European Parliament

Guy Mollet Hendrik Fayat Pierre Lapie Willi Birkelbach Käte Strobel Francis Vals Georges Spénale Ludwig Spénale Ernest Glinne Rudi Arndt Jean-Pierre Cot Pauline Green Enrique Barón Crespo Martin Schulz Hannes Swoboda Gianni Pittella

European Commissioners

Vytenis Andriukaitis
Vytenis Andriukaitis
(Health and Food Safety) Corina Crețu
Corina Crețu
(Regional Policy) Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development) Federica Mogherini
Federica Mogherini
(Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) Pierre Moscovici
Pierre Moscovici
(Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs) Maroš Šefčovič
Maroš Šefčovič
(Energy Union) Frans Timmermans
Frans Timmermans
(Rule of Law and Charter of Fundamental Rights) Karmenu Vella
Karmenu Vella
(Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)

Heads of government

Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
(Italy) Joseph Muscat
Joseph Muscat
(Malta) António Costa
António Costa
(Portugal) Robert Fico
Robert Fico
(Slovakia) Stefan Löfven
Stefan Löfven
(Sweden)

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Pan-European political organisations

Political parties recognised by the EU

Current

Alliance for Direct Democracy
Democracy
in Europe Alliance for Peace and Freedom Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party Europeans United for Democracy European Alliance for Freedom Alliance of European National Movements European Christian Political Movement European Democratic Party European Free Alliance European Green Party European People's Party Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom Party of European Socialists Party of the European Left

Defunct

Alliance for Europe of the Nations Alliance of Independent Democrats in Europe Libertas Movement for a Europe of Liberties and Democracy

Political parties not recognised by the EU

Current

Europe – Democracy
Democracy
– Esperanto European Federalist Party European Pirate Party European Party for Individual Liberty Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties

Defunct

European National Front Europe United Party Movement for European Reform Newropeans

Other confederations of national parties

Current

European Anti-Capitalist Left Liberal South East European Network Nordic Green Left Alliance

Defunct

Euronat Platform for Transparency European Democrat Union

National parties by European organisation Political groups of the European Parliament Political foundations at European level European parliamentary elections European Council
European Council
composition by par

.