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The PARTY OF EUROPEAN SOCIALISTS (PES) is a social-democratic European political party
European political party
.

The PES comprises national-level political parties from all member states of the European Union
European Union
(EU) plus Norway. This includes major parties such as the Italian Democratic Party , the British Labour Party , the French Socialist Party , Social Democratic Party of Germany
Germany
and the Spanish Socialist Workers\' Party . Parties from a number of other European countries are also admitted to the PES as associate or observer parties. Most member, associate and observer parties are members of the wider Progressive Alliance or Socialist International .

The PES is currently led by its president Sergei Stanishev , a former Prime Minister of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
. Its political group in the European Parliament is the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S -webkit-column-width: 26em; column-width: 26em;">

* Albanian : Partia e Socialistëve Europianë * Bosnian : Partija europskih socijalista * Bulgarian : Партия на европейските социалисти * Croatian : Stranka europskih socijalista * Czech : Strana evropských socialistů * Danish : De Europæiske Socialdemokrater * Dutch : Partij van de Europese Sociaaldemocraten * Estonian : Euroopa Sotsialistlik Partei * Finnish : Euroopan sosialidemokraattinen puolue * French : Parti socialiste européen * German : Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas * Greek : Ευρωπαϊκό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα * Hungarian : Európai Szocialisták Pártja * Icelandic : Flokkur evrópskra sósíalista * Irish : Páirtí na Sóisialaithe Eorpach * Italian : Partito del Socialismo Europeo * Maltese : Partit tas-Soċjalisti Ewropej * Latvian : Eiropas Sociāldemokrātiskā partija * Lithuanian : Europos socialistų partija * Macedonian : Партија на европските социјалисти * Norwegian : Det europeiske sosialdemokratiske partiet * Polish : Partia Europejskich Socjalistów * Portuguese : Partido Socialista Europeu * Romanian : Partidul Socialiștilor Europeni * Serbian : Партија европских социјалиста * Slovak : Strana európskych socialistov * Slovene : Stranka evropskih socialistov * Spanish : Partido Socialista Europeo * Swedish : Europeiska socialdemokraters parti * Turkish : Avrupa Sosyalistler Partisi

In March 2014 following the congress in Rome, the PES added the tagline "Socialists and Democrats" to its name following the admission of Italy's Democratic Party into the organisation.

HISTORY

1960S

In 1961, the Socialists in the European Parliament
European Parliament
attempted to produce a common 'European Socialist Programme' but this was neglected due to the applications of Britain, Denmark, Ireland and Norway
Norway
to join the European Community
European Community
. The Socialists' 1962 congress pushed for greater democratisation and powers for Parliament, though it was only in 1969 that this possibility was examined by the member states.

1970S

In 1973, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
joined the European Community , bringing in new parties from these countries. The enlarged Socialist Congress met in Bonn
Bonn
and inaugurated the Confederation of the Socialist Parties of the European Community. The Congress also passed a resolution on social policy , including the right to decent work, social security , democracy and equality in the European economy. In 1978, the Confederation of Socialist Parties approved the first common European election Manifesto. It focused on several goals among which the most important were to ensure a right to decent work , fight pollution, end discrimination , protect the consumer and promote peace, human rights and civil liberties.

1980S

At its Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Congress in 1980, the Confederation of Socialist Parties approved its first Statute. The accession of Greece
Greece
to the EU in 1981, followed by Spain
Spain
and Portugal
Portugal
in 1986, brought in more parties.

In 1984, a common Socialist election manifesto proposed a socialist remedy for the economic crisis of the time by establishing a link between industrial production, protection of fundamental social benefits, and the fight for an improved quality of life .

1990S

In 1992, with the European Community
European Community
becoming the European Union
European Union
and with the Treaty of Maastricht establishing the framework for political parties at a European level, the Confederation of Socialist Parties voted to transform itself into the Party of European Socialists. The party's first programme concentrated on job creation, democracy, gender equality , environmental and consumer protection, peace and security, regulation of immigration, discouragement of racism and fighting organised crime.

Along with the Socialist Group in the European Parliament
European Parliament
, the founding members of the PES were:

* Social Democratic Party of Austria
Social Democratic Party of Austria
* Socialist Party (Francophone) and the Socialist Party (Flemish) of Belgium * Social Democrats of Denmark * Socialist Party of France * Social Democratic Party of Germany
Germany
* Panhellenic Socialist Movement of Greece * Labour Party of Ireland * Italian Democratic Socialist Party , Italian Socialist Party
Italian Socialist Party
and Democratic Party of the Left of Italy * Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Socialist Workers\' Party * Labour Party of the Netherlands * Socialist Party of Portugal
Portugal
* Spanish Socialist Workers\' Party * Swedish Social Democratic Party * Labour Party and Social Democratic and Labour Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party
of the UK

2000S

In 2004 Poul Nyrup Rasmussen defeated Giuliano Amato
Giuliano Amato
to be elected President of the PES, succeeding Robin Cook
Robin Cook
in the post. He was re-elected for a further 2.5 years at the PES Congress in Porto on 8 December 2006 and again at the Prague Congress in 2009.

2010S

In 2010, the Foundation for European Progressive Studies was founded as the political foundation (think tank ) of the PES.

Mr Rasmussen stood down at the PES Progressive Convention in Brussels on 24 November 2011. He was replaced as interim president by Sergei Stanishev , chairman of the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) and former prime minister of Bulgaria.

On 28-29 September 2012, the PES Congress in Brussels
Brussels
Congress elected interim president Sergei Stanishev as full President, as well as four deputies: Jean-Christophe Cambadélis (1st Vice-President – PS ), Elena Valenciano (PSOE ), Jan Royall (Labour ) and Katarina Nevedalova (Smer-SD ). The same Congress elected Achim Post (SPD ) as its new secretary general, and adopted a process which it described as "democratic and transparent" for electing its next candidate for Commission President in 2014. The PES had already agreed in 2011 to use a PES presidential primary for the election.

ORGANISATION

SOCIAL DEMOCRACY

Development

* Humanism
Humanism
* Age of Enlightenment
Age of Enlightenment
* French Revolution
French Revolution
* Utopian socialism
Utopian socialism
* Revolutions of 1848
Revolutions of 1848

* Marxism
Marxism

* Orthodox * Revisionist

* Ethical socialism * Democratic socialism * Liberal socialism
Liberal socialism
* Market socialism
Market socialism
* Progressivism
Progressivism
* Reformism * Gradualism * Frankfurt Declaration * Keynesianism * Welfare capitalism
Welfare capitalism
* Third Way * Modern European socialism

Ideas

* Social justice
Social justice

* Democracy
Democracy

* economic * representative

* Labor rights * Mixed economy
Mixed economy
* Welfare
Welfare
* Trade unionism * Fair trade
Fair trade
* Environmental protection
Environmental protection
* Negative and positive rights
Negative and positive rights
* Secularism
Secularism
* Social corporatism * Social market economy
Social market economy

Variants

* Bernsteinism * Liberal socialism
Liberal socialism
* Nordic model
Nordic model
* Godesberg * Third Way

People

* Attlee * Awolowo * Ben-Gurion * Bernstein * Betancourt * Bhutto * Blanc * Brandt * Branting * Corbyn * Craxi * Crosland * Curtin * Daszyński * Debs * Douglas * Ecevit * González * Goulart * Hilferding * Jaurès * Junmai * Katayama * Kennedy * Kerensky * Lagos * Lassalle * Layton * Lévesque * Luxemburg * MacDonald * Mandela * Morales * Nehru * Batlle y Ordóñez * Palme * Plekhanov * Prodi * Sanders * Savage * Stauning * Thomas

Organizations

* Social democratic parties * Socialist International
Socialist International
* International Union of Socialist Youth * Party of European Socialists * Progressive Alliance * Young European Socialists * International Trade Union Confederation

* SOCIALISM PORTAL * Economics portal * Politics portal

* v * t * e

MEMBER PARTIES

The PES has thirty-three full member parties from all the twenty-eight EU member states and Norway. There are a further thirteen associate and twelve observer parties from other European countries.

STATE NAME ABBR. EUROPEAN MPS NATIONAL MPS

Austria
Austria
Social Democratic Party of Austria
Social Democratic Party of Austria
SPÖ 5 / 18 52 / 183 20 / 62

Belgium
Belgium
Socialist Party PS 3 / 8 23 / 63 9 / 24

Socialist Party – Differently sp.a 1 / 13 13 / 87 5 / 35

Bulgaria
Bulgaria
Bulgarian Socialist Party BSP 4 / 17 80 / 240

Croatia
Croatia
Social Democratic Party of Croatia
Croatia
SDP 2 / 11 36 / 151

Cyprus
Cyprus
Movement for Social Democracy
Democracy
EDEK 2 / 6 3 / 56

Czech Republic
Czech Republic
Czech Social Democratic Party ČSSD 4 / 21 49 / 200

Denmark
Denmark
Social Democrats A 3 / 13 47 / 179

Estonia
Estonia
Social Democratic Party SDE 1 / 6 15 / 101

Finland
Finland
Social Democratic Party of Finland
Finland
SDP 2 / 13 35 / 200

France
France
Socialist Party PS 12 / 74 109 / 348 30 / 577

Germany
Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Germany
SPD 27 / 96 193 / 631

Greece
Greece
Panhellenic Socialist Movement PASOK 2 / 21 18 / 300

Hungary
Hungary
Hungarian Socialist Party MSZP 4 / 21 28 / 199

Hungarian Social Democratic Party MSZDP 0 / 21 0 / 199

Ireland Labour Party Labour 0 / 11 5 / 60 7 / 158

Italy
Italy
Democratic Party PD 25 / 73 99 / 315 283 / 630

Italian Socialist Party
Italian Socialist Party
PSI 0 / 73 3 / 315 3 / 630

Lithuania
Lithuania
Social Democratic Party of Lithuania
Lithuania
LSDP 2 / 11 17 / 141

Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Socialist Workers\' Party LSAP 1 / 6 13 / 60

Malta
Malta
Labour Party PL 3 / 6 37 / 69

Netherlands
Netherlands
Labour Party PvdA 3 / 26 8 / 75 9 / 150

Norway
Norway
Labour Party AP Not in EU 55 / 169

Poland
Poland
Democratic Left Alliance SLD 4 / 51 0 / 100 0 / 460

Labour United
Labour United
UP 1 / 51 0 / 100 0 / 460

Portugal
Portugal
Socialist Party PS 8 / 21 86 / 230

Romania
Romania
Social Democratic Party PSD 16 / 32 67 / 168 154 / 398

Slovakia
Slovakia
Direction – Social Democracy Smer-SD 4 / 13 49 / 150

Slovenia
Slovenia
Social Democrats SD 1 / 8 6 / 90

Spain
Spain
Spanish Socialist Workers\' Party PSOE 14 / 54 62 / 266 84 / 350

Sweden
Sweden
Swedish Social Democratic Party SAP 5 / 20 113 / 349

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Labour Party Labour 20 / 73 202 / 804 262 / 650

Social Democratic and Labour Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party
SDLP 0 / 73 0 / 786 0 / 650 0 / 18

ASSOCIATED PARTIES

STATE NAME ABBR. EUROPEAN MPS NATIONAL MPS

Albania
Albania
Socialist Party of Albania
Albania
PSS

74 / 140

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
SDP

0 / 15 3 / 42

Bulgaria
Bulgaria
Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats PBS 0 / 8 1 / 240

Iceland
Iceland
Social Democratic Alliance Samf.

9 / 63

Latvia
Latvia
Social Democratic Party "Harmony" SDPS 1 / 8 24 / 100

Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia SDSM

49 / 120

Moldova
Moldova
Democratic Party of Moldova
Moldova
PDM

19 / 101

Montenegro
Montenegro
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro
Montenegro
DPS

31 / 81

Social Democratic Party of Montenegro
Montenegro
SDP

6 / 81

Kosovo
Kosovo
Vetëvendosje VV

31 / 120

Serbia
Serbia
Democratic Party DS

12 / 250

Switzerland
Switzerland
Social Democratic Party of Switzerland
Switzerland
SP/PS

46 / 200

Turkey
Turkey
Republican People\'s Party CHP

131 / 550

Peoples\' Democratic Party HDP

59 / 550

OBSERVER PARTIES

STATE NAME ABBR. EUROPEAN MPS NATIONAL MPS

Andorra
Andorra
Social Democratic Party PS

3 / 28

Armenia
Armenia
Armenian Revolutionary Federation ARF

7 / 131

Egypt
Egypt
Egyptian Social Democratic Party ESDP

4 / 596

Georgia Georgian Dream

115 / 150

Israel
Israel
Israeli Labor Party
Israeli Labor Party
עבודה

19 / 120

Meretz מרצ

5 / 120

Lebanon
Lebanon
Armenian Revolutionary Federation ARF

2 / 128

Latvia
Latvia
Latvian Social Democratic Workers\' Party LSDSP 0 / 9 0 / 100

Morocco
Morocco
Socialist Union of Popular Forces USFP

24 / 270 20 / 395

Nagorno Karabakh Armenian Revolutionary Federation ARF

7 / 33

Northern Cyprus
Cyprus
Republican Turkish Party CTP

20 / 50

Palestine Fatah فتح

45 / 132

San Marino
San Marino
Party of Socialists and Democrats PSD

3 / 60

Tunisia
Tunisia
Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties
Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties
FDTL

0 / 217

* ^ A B French-speaking seats * ^ A B Flemish seats

CONSTITUENT ORGANISATIONS

The youth organisation of the PES is the Young European Socialists . PES Women is the party's women's organisation, led by Zita Gurmai . The LGBTI campaign organisation is Rainbow Rose .

INTERNATIONAL MEMBERSHIPS

PES is an associated organisation of Socialist International
Socialist International
and the Progressive Alliance .

PRESIDENT AND PRESIDENCY

The President (currently former Prime Minister of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
Sergei Stanishev ) represents the party on a daily basis and chairs the Presidency, which also consists of the Secretary General, President of the S">191 / 751

European Union
European Union
Committee of the Regions
Committee of the Regions
131 / 350

European Union
European Union
European Commission
European Commission
8 / 28

European Union
European Union
European Council
European Council
(Heads of Government) 9 / 28

European Union
European Union
Council of the European Union
European Union
(Participation in Government) 20 / 28

Council of Europe
Council of Europe
Parliamentary Assembly 69 / 318

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

Further information: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats

EUROPEAN COMMISSION

European Commissioners are meant to remain independent, however there has been an increasing degree of politicisation within the Commission . In the current European Commission, eight of the Commissioners belong to the PES family.

PORTFOLIO COMMISSIONER STATE POLITICAL PARTY PHOTO

1st Vice-President of the European Commission
European Commission

1st Vice-President ; Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations , the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights Timmermans, Frans Frans Timmermans

Netherlands
Netherlands
PvdA

High Representative of the European Union
European Union
for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Mogherini, Federica Federica Mogherini

Italy
Italy
PD

Vice-President ; Energy Union Šefčovič, Maroš Maroš Šefčovič

Slovakia
Slovakia
SMER-SD

Regional Policy Crețu, Corina Corina Crețu

Romania
Romania
PSD

Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs Moscovici, Pierre Pierre Moscovici

France
France
PS

Environment , Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Vella, Karmenu Karmenu Vella

Malta
Malta
LP

International Cooperation and Development Mimica, Neven Neven Mimica

Croatia
Croatia
SDP

Health and Food Safety Andriukaitis, Vytenis Vytenis Andriukaitis

Lithuania
Lithuania
SDP

EUROPEAN COUNCIL

The PES has eight out of the 28 heads of State or Government that attend the PES summits in preparation for the European Council
European Council
:

MEMBER STATE REPRESENTATIVE TITLE POLITICAL PARTY MEMBER OF THE COUNCIL SINCE PHOTO

Austria
Austria
Kern, Christian Christian Kern Federal Chancellor Social Democratic Party of Austria
Social Democratic Party of Austria
000000002016-05-17-000017 May 2016

Czech Republic
Czech Republic
Sobotka, Bohuslav Bohuslav Sobotka Chairman of the Government Czech Social Democratic Party 000000002014-01-29-000029 January 2014

Italy
Italy
Gentiloni, Paolo Paolo Gentiloni President of the Council of Ministers Democratic Party 000000002016-12-12-000012 December 2016

Malta
Malta
Muscat, Joseph Joseph Muscat Prime Minister Labour Party 000000002013-03-11-000011 March 2013

Portugal
Portugal
Costa, António António Costa Prime Minister Socialist Party 000000002015-11-26-000026 November 2015

Slovakia
Slovakia
Fico, Robert Robert Fico Chairman of the Government Direction – Social Democracy 000000002012-04-04-00004 April 2012

Sweden
Sweden
Löfven, Stefan Stefan Löfven Prime Minister Social Democratic Party 000000002014-10-03-00003 October 2014

EUROPEAN COUNCIL AND COUNCIL OF MINISTERS

The states of the European Union
European Union
by the European party affiliations of their leaders, as of 10 August 2017 Does not account for coalitions. Key to colours is as follows; European People\'s Party Party of European Socialists
Party of European Socialists
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party Independent Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe Party of the European Left
Party of the European Left

Party-alignment at the European Council
European Council
is often loose, but has been the basis of some intergovernmental cooperation. At present eight countries are led by a PES-affiliated leader, who represents that state at the European Council
European Council
: Austria
Austria
( Christian Kern ), the Czech Republic ( Bohuslav Sobotka ), France
France
( François Hollande
François Hollande
), Italy ( Matteo Renzi
Matteo Renzi
), Portugal
Portugal
( Antonio Costa ), Malta
Malta
( Joseph Muscat ), Slovakia
Slovakia
( Robert Fico ), and Sweden
Sweden
( Stefan Löfven ).

The makeup of national delegations to the Council of Ministers is at some times subject to coalitions: for the above governments led by a PES party, that party may not be present in all Council configurations; in other governments led by non-PES parties a PES minister may be its representative for certain portfolios. PES is in coalition in a further seven countries: Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, The Netherlands
Netherlands
and Slovenia.

Overview

STATE GOVERNING PARTIES AFFILIATED EU PARTY Population Votes

Germany
Germany
Christian Democratic Union SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY Christian Social Union EPP PES EPP 7007805857000000000♠80,585,700 29

France
France
SOCIALIST PARTY Radical Party of the Left Europe Ecology – The Greens
Europe Ecology – The Greens
Walwari PES None EGP None 7007653979000000000♠65,397,900 29

Italy
Italy
DEMOCRATIC PARTY Popular Area PES EPP 7007607826880000000♠60,782,688 29

Romania
Romania
SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY Alliance of Liberals and Democrats PES ALDE 7007213558000000000♠21,355,800 14

Netherlands
Netherlands
People\'s Party for Freedom and Democracy
Democracy
LABOUR PARTY ALDE PES 7007167303000000000♠16,730,300 13

Czech Republic
Czech Republic
CZECH SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY ANO 2011 Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People\'s Party PES ALDE EPP 7007105132090000000♠10,513,209 12

Sweden
Sweden
SWEDISH SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY Green Party PES EGP 7006965830100000000♠9,658,301 10

Austria
Austria
SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF AUSTRIA Austrian People\'s Party PES EPP 7006844300000000000♠8,443,000 10

Slovakia
Slovakia
DIRECTION – SOCIAL DEMOCRACY PES 7006540430000000000♠5,404,300 7

Croatia
Croatia
SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF CROATIA Croatian People\'s Party – Liberal Democrats Istrian Democratic Assembly PES ALDE ALDE 7006439820000000000♠4,398,200 7

Lithuania
Lithuania
Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF LITHUANIA None PES 7006300780000000000♠3,007,800 7

Slovenia
Slovenia
Positive Slovenia
Slovenia
SOCIAL DEMOCRATS Civic List Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia
Slovenia
None PES ALDE None 7006205550000000000♠2,055,500 4

Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Democratic Party LUXEMBOURG SOCIALIST WORKERS\\' PARTY The Greens ALDE PES EGP 7005524900000000000♠524,900 4

Malta
Malta
LABOUR PARTY PES 7005416100000000000♠416,100 3

PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE

Further information: Socialist Group

COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS

PES has 122 members in the Committee of the Regions
Committee of the Regions
as of 2014.

REFERENCES

* ^ Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck * ^ A B Richard Dunphy (2004). Contesting Capitalism?: Left Parties and European Integration. Manchester University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-7190-6804-1 . * ^ Robert Thomson (2011). Resolving Controversy in the European Union: Legislative Decision-Making Before and After Enlargement. Cambridge University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-139-50517-8 . Retrieved 9 August 2013. * ^ "Member parties of the PES". 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-08-08. * ^ "Member parties of the Progressive Alliance". 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-08-08. * ^ "Member parties of Socialist International". 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-08-08. * ^ "Il PSE "omaggia "il PD cambiando ufficialmente nome: PSE - Socialists&Democrats." (in Italian). 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2016-09-20.

* ^ "Northern European Social Democracy
Democracy
and European Integration, 1960-1972. Moving towards a New Consensus?". Academia.edu . Retrieved 23 May 2013. * ^ A B C "History". Socialist Group website. Retrieved 11 November 2007. * ^ Skrzypek, Ania (2013). "Europe, Our Common Future" Celebrating 20 years of the Party of European Socialists
Party of European Socialists
(PDF). Belgium: FEPS – Foundation for European Progressive Studies. ISBN 978-3-85464-037-0 . * ^ "Together for the Europe we need!". Zita Gurmai, President of PES Women. 26 July 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012. * ^ "Ethics in politics : For strong moral conduct through a strong moral code" (PDF). PES Presidency declaration. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2012. * ^ "About the PES?". PES website. Retrieved 14 September 2016. * ^ A B C D "How does PES work?". PES website. Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2007. * ^ "Former PES Presidents". PES website. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2008. * ^ "A New Direction for Progressive Societies. Resolution N. 2 A new way forward. Adopted by the 8th PES Congress" (PDF). PES. 8 December 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2010. * ^ "PES Manifesto
Manifesto
Towards a New Europe. Adopted by Election Congress 2014 in Rome" (PDF). PES. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. * ^ Mahony, Honor (7 May 2007). " Brussels
Brussels
struggles with communication policy.". EU Observer. Retrieved 12 May 2007. * ^ "PES Group Members". Retrieved 2015-01-13.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to PARTY OF EUROPEAN SOCIALISTS .

* Party of European Socialists, official website * Parliamentary Group of the Party of European Socialists,

.