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The Politics of
Shanghai Shanghai (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ) is one of the four Direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-administered municipalities of the China, People's Republic of China, governed by the State Council o ...
is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland of the
People's Republic of China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion. Covering approximately 9.6& ...
(PRC). In the last few decades the city has produced many of the country's eventual senior leaders, including Jiang Zemin, Zhu Rongji, Wu Bangguo, and Huang Ju.


Overview

The Mayor of the Shanghai Municipal People's Government (上海市人民政府市长, shorten as 上海市市长 ''ie'' Mayor of Shanghai Municipality) is the highest ranking executive official in Shanghai. Since Shanghai is a direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-controlled municipality of China, the Mayor occupies the same level in the order of precedence as provinces of China, provincial governors. However, in the city's dual party-government governing system, the mayor has less power than the Communist Party of China Shanghai Municipal Committee Secretary (中国共产党上海市委员会书记, shorten as 中共上海市委书记), colloquially termed the "Shanghai Party Committee Secretary, CPC Party Chief" in English. Before 1941,
Shanghai Shanghai (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ) is one of the four Direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-administered municipalities of the China, People's Republic of China, governed by the State Council o ...
had a split administration: the International Settlement (governed under the Shanghai International Settlement, Shanghai Municipal Council), the Shanghai French Concession, French Concession, and the Chinese City. The Chinese city was invaded by the Japanese in 1937 and the foreign concessions were occupied by the Japanese in 1941. After the occupation, the foreign powers formally ceded the territory to the Nationalist government, Nationalist Government in Chongqing (a move largely symbolic until the Japanese surrender since the Nationalists no longer controlled Shanghai).


List of provincial-level leaders


Secretaries of the Communist Party of China, Communist Party Shanghai Committee


Mayors of Shanghai

Prior to the establishment of the office of Mayor of Shanghai, the city's administration was overseen by the circuit intendant of Shanghai, circuit intendant ("taotai" / "daotai", 道臺). The office was abolished at the fall of the Qing.


Chairpersons of Shanghai People's Congress

# Yan Youmin (严佑民): 1979-1981 # Hu Lijiao (胡立教): 1981-1988 # Ye Gongqi (叶公琦): 1988-1998 # Chen Tiedi (陈铁迪) (female): 1998-2003 # Gong Xueping (龚学平): 2003-2008 # Liu Yungeng (刘云耕): 2008-2013 # Yin Yicui (殷一璀) (female): 2013-2020 # Jiang Zhuoqing (蒋卓庆): 2020-incumbent


Chairpersons of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Political Conference Shanghai Committee

# Ke Qingshi (柯庆施): 1955-1958 # Chen Pixian (陈丕显): 1958-1967 # Peng Chong (彭冲): 1977-1979 # Wang Yiping (王一平): 1979-1983 # Prof. Li Guohao (engineer), Li Guohao (李国豪): 1983-1988 # Prof. Xie Xide (谢希德) (female): 1988-1993 # Chen Tiedi (陈铁迪) (female): 1993-1998 # Wang Liping (politician), Wang Liping (王力平): 1998-2003 # Jiang Yiren (蒋以任): 2003-2008 # Feng Guoqin (冯国勤): 2008-2013 # Wu Zhiming (吴志明): 2013-2018 # Dong Yunhu (董云虎): 2018-incumbent


See also

*Circuit intendant of Shanghai#List, Circuit intendant of Shanghai *Old City (Shanghai), Old City of Shanghai *Politics of Beijing *Politics of Chongqing *Politics of Tianjin *Zhuang Xiaotian


References

{{Shanghai Politics of Shanghai, Politics by city in China, Shanghai Politics of China by province, Shanghai Lists of mayors of places in China, Shanghai