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PARLOPHONE RECORDS LIMITED (also known as PARLOPHONE RECORDS) is a German-British record label founded in Germany
Germany
in 1896 by the Carl Lindström Company as PARLOPHON. The British branch of the company was founded in 8 August 1923 as THE PARLOPHONE CO. LTD., which developed a reputation in the 1920s as a leading jazz record label. On 5 October 1926, the Columbia Graphophone Company acquired Parlophone's business, name and release library, and later merged with the Gramophone Company on 31 March 1931 to become Electric & Musical Industries Limited (EMI ). George Martin
George Martin
joined EMI
EMI
in 1950 as assistant label manager, taking over as manager in 1955. Martin produced and released a mix of product including comedy recordings of the Goons , the pianist Mrs Mills , and teen idol Adam Faith
Adam Faith
.

In 1962, Martin signed the Liverpool
Liverpool
-based band The Beatles
The Beatles
, and during the 1960s, with artists such as Cilla Black , Billy J. Kramer , The Fourmost , and contemporary Manchester
Manchester
band The Hollies also signed to the label, Parlophone
Parlophone
became one of the world's most famous and prestigious record labels. For a long time, Parlophone
Parlophone
claimed the best-selling UK single " She Loves You ", and the best-selling UK album Sgt. Pepper\'s Lonely Hearts Club Band , both by The Beatles. The label also achieved placement of seven singles at No. 1 during 1964, when it also claimed top spot on the UK Albums Chart for 40 weeks. Parlophone
Parlophone
continued as a division of EMI, until it was merged into the Gramophone Co. Ltd. on 1 July 1965. On 1 July 1973, the Gramophone Co. Ltd. was renamed as EMI
EMI
Records Limited.

On 28 September 2012, regulators officially approved Universal Music Group (UMG)'s planned acquisition of EMI, on condition that its EMI Records Ltd. group would be divested from the combined group. EMI Records Ltd. included Parlophone
Parlophone
and other labels to be divested and were for a short time operated in a single entity known as the Parlophone
Parlophone
Label Group (PLG), while UMG pended their sale. Warner Music Group (WMG) later acquired Parlophone
Parlophone
and PLG in 7 February 2013, making Parlophone
Parlophone
their new third flagship label, alongside Warner Bros. Records and Atlantic Records . PLG was renamed as the PARLOPHONE RECORDS LIMITED group (PRL) in May 2013. Parlophone
Parlophone
is now the oldest of WMG's three flagship record labels.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Early history * 1.2 EMI
EMI
years and success * 1.3 EMI
EMI
merging with UMG and WMG acquisition

* 2 Notable releases

* 2.1 Rhythm-style series * 2.2 Parlophone
Parlophone
PNY series * 2.3 The Beatles
The Beatles

* 3 Current artists * 4 Notable artists signed to Parlophone
Parlophone
* 5 Parlophone
Parlophone
record labels * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

EARLY HISTORY

Parlophone
Parlophone
was founded in Germany
Germany
in 1896 by the Carl Lindström Company as "PARLOPHON". The name Parlophon had been initially used for gramophones before the company began making records of their own. The label's ₤ trademark is a German L that stands for its original founder Lindström. It has coincidentally been said to resemble the British pound sign (£), which itself is derived from the letter L for the Ancient Roman
Ancient Roman
unit of measurement Libra , which means pound in Latin
Latin
. During World War I
World War I
, the Transoceanic Trading Company was set up in the Netherlands
Netherlands
to look after its overseas assets.

On 8 August 1923, the British branch of "Parlophone" (with the "e" added) was established, led by artists and repertoire manager Oscar Preuss. Parlophone
Parlophone
established a master leasing arrangement with the co-owned United States
United States
-based record label Okeh Records , making Parlophone
Parlophone
a leading jazz label in the UK . The CLPGS has published a list of Parlophone
Parlophone
titles issued between the years of 1923 and 1956.

EMI
EMI
YEARS AND SUCCESS

In 1927, the Columbia Graphophone Company acquired a controlling interest in the Carl Lindström Company and in Parlophone. In 31 March 1931, Columbia Graphophone merged with the Gramophone Company to form Electric & Musical Industries Ltd ( EMI
EMI
), and thus Parlophone
Parlophone
became a subsidiary of EMI. Under EMI, Parlophone
Parlophone
initially maintained its status as a jazz label. In about 1929 or 1930, the "Rhythm Style Series" started, and jazz records culled from the Okeh Records label. Besides the Okeh recordings, Parlophone
Parlophone
also issued recordings from Columbia Records (US) and Brunswick Records , as well as a few sessions produced at Decca Records
Decca Records
(US). As time went on, the label also released speciality recordings of spoken word and comedy recordings, including the comedy recordings of the Goons and Flanders and Swann .

In 1950, Preuss hired George Martin
George Martin
as his assistant. When Preuss retired in 1955, Martin succeeded him as Parlophone's manager. Leading Parlophone
Parlophone
artists in the 1950s included Germany's Obernkirchen Children's Choir and Scottish musician Jimmy Shand . At the dawn of the rock era, Parlophone
Parlophone
signed artists such as Humphrey Lyttelton , the Vipers Skiffle Group , pianist Mrs Mills , Jim Dale , Keith Kelly, Peter Sellers , Bernard Cribbins , the Temperance Seven , Laurie London and Shane Fenton , who would sporadically reach the British Top 20 chart. Their only consistently successful act until the "Beat Boom" was that of teen idol Adam Faith
Adam Faith
, who was signed to the label in 1959 by Norman Newell , an EMI
EMI
A&R manager "without portfolio".

Treading a path similar to other British record labels of the era, Parlophone
Parlophone
released all manner of domestic and foreign licensed products including that of James Brown , but had little success in comparison to that of EMI's sibling companies HMV and Columbia Graphophone Company .

The label's fortunes began to rise in 1962, when Martin signed the Liverpool
Liverpool
band The Beatles. Along with NEMS stablemates Cilla Black , Billy J. Kramer and the Fourmost , and contemporary Manchester
Manchester
band The Hollies, The Beatles
The Beatles
brought Parlophone
Parlophone
to worldwide attention, and it became one of the world's most prestigious record labels.

After Martin left to form the Associated Independent Recording (AIR) Studios in 1965, Parlophone
Parlophone
was absorbed into EMI's Gramophone Company group, which was renamed as EMI
EMI
Records Ltd. in 1973, with Parlophone maintaining its identity. Parlophone
Parlophone
became dormant in 1973 when most of EMI's heritage labels were phased out in favour of the new EMI Records label. Parlophone
Parlophone
was later revived in 1980, and over the next three decades, Parlophone
Parlophone
went on to sign popular artists such as Pet Shop Boys
Pet Shop Boys
, Duran Duran , Roxette , Radiohead , Supergrass , Guy Berryman , The Chemical Brothers , Blur , Coldplay , Kylie Minogue
Kylie Minogue
, Damon Albarn
Damon Albarn
, Conor Maynard , Gabrielle Aplin , and Gorillaz .

On 23 April 2008, Miles Leonard was confirmed as the label's president.

EMI
EMI
MERGING WITH UMG AND WMG ACQUISITION

On 28 September 2012, regulators officially approved Universal Music Group 's planned acquisition of Parlophone's parent group EMI
EMI
for £1.2 billion, subject to conditions imposed by the European Commission requiring that UMG sell off a number of labels, including the European and UK operations and copyrights of EMI
EMI
Records Ltd, including Parlophone
Parlophone
itself (aside from the Beatles' catalogue, which was kept by UMG and moved to the newly formed Capitol Records
Capitol Records
UK ) and a number of others. Parlophone, along with other labels and music catalogs that were to be sold, were operated independently from the rest of UMG as PARLOPHONE LABEL GROUP in preparation for a possible transaction early in 2013. UMG received several offers for PLG, including those from a Sony /BMG consortium, Warner Music Group , and MacAndrews ">

"Parlophon" ad from 1927, Berlin *

Parlophone
Parlophone
trademark during the Beatles era

NOTABLE RELEASES

RHYTHM-STYLE SERIES

In addition to the occasional release of US material from OKeh and Columbia, in about 1929, Parlophone
Parlophone
started a series of American jazz records on their "Rhythm Style Series". Edgar Jackson was the director of this series, which was issued within the existing R- series (the first issue was R-448). Culled from the American OKeh, artists like Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
, Bix Beiderbecke , Frank Trumbauer , Joe Venuti , Duke Ellington , Miff Mole and other major artists who recorded for OKeh. These records were usually "split-coupled" (the top and bottom side of each record was usually by different artists and did not correspond with the original American coupling). The "Second New Rhythm-Style" series replaced the first series in about 1931, and there was a separate series for each year from 1934 through 1941, as well as some miscellany series. These 78s were popular and remained in print for years. A select number of American Columbia and Brunswick recordings also populated these series with artists like Fletcher Henderson , Chocolate Dandies , Jack Teagarden
Jack Teagarden
, Eddie Condon and others.

Even though these records were never licensed for sale in the US, they were heavily imported through jazz shops like Commodore and Liberty in the late 1930s and were sold through the 1940s and into the early 1950s. They are treasured by collectors because they are pressed from the original stampers and usually sound much better than the worn and usually rare US OKeh original records.

PARLOPHONE PNY SERIES

In America in 1929 there was a short-lived Parlophone
Parlophone
label made and distributed by OKeh. Initially, certain OKeh records were issued using the Parlophone
Parlophone
label and using the OKeh catalog number. An example – Miff Mole's "Birmingham Bertha" b/w "Moanin' Low" – has been found on Parlophone
Parlophone
PNY-41273 and Odeon ONY-41273 (issued as by "Eddie Gordon's Band") as well as the standard OKeh 41273 (issued as by " Miff Mole and his Molers"). OKeh then started the PNY-34000 series (along with the Odeon ONY-36000 series) lasting until late 1930 or early 1931. No one has been able to determine for whom these two labels were intended, since many surviving copies are in new condition. A number of noted record collectors and researchers (George Blacker, Carl Kenziora, Len Kunstadt, among other members of the New York Record Research Associates) had long speculated that since these records were found in a west coast warehouse uncirculated, they were possibly intended for offshore sales in US possessions (Guam, Marianas, etc.) or possibly at military offshore bases, but this has never been proven. One of the reasons for this speculation is because OKeh specifically recorded quite a number of sides without vocals and issued them only on Parlophone
Parlophone
and Odeon (in addition to the standard vocal versions). These non-vocal version are especially prized by collectors. Regardless, this series (along with OKeh's Odeon ONY- series) appears to not have been available for sale in the United States.

THE BEATLES

Main article: The Beatles
The Beatles

Parlophone
Parlophone
released The Beatles' albums up to Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band. Subsequent releases – The Beatles
The Beatles
(the White Album), Yellow Submarine , Abbey Road and Let It Be – were issued on the Beatles' own Apple label, distributed by EMI
EMI
and bearing Parlophone
Parlophone
catalogue numbers.

The Beatles
The Beatles
deal is said to be one of the cheapest made by Parlophone Records. Companies used and abused the Beatles' name, producing everything from T-shirts to hairspray. Their early songs were used in many commercials without permission from the Beatles. The Beatles
The Beatles
were only allowed to own 49% of the company shares, therefore only owning 49% of their songs, which was not enough to buy back the songs from the company.

Despite the separation of Parlophone
Parlophone
from EMI
EMI
as a condition of EMI's acquisition by UMG, UMG was allowed to keep the Beatles' recorded music catalogue, which UMG assigned to a new Universal Music subsidiary called Calderstone Productions . The Beatles
The Beatles
albums released by Parlophone
Parlophone

* Please Please Me (1963) * With The Beatles
The Beatles
(1963) * A Hard Day\'s Night (1964) * Beatles for Sale (1964) * Help! (1965) * Rubber Soul (1965) * Revolver (1966) * A Collection of Beatles Oldies (1966) * Sgt. Pepper\'s Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967)

CURRENT ARTISTS

Parlophone
Parlophone
is still an important pop label with artists such as Pet Shop Boys , Coldplay , Gabrielle Aplin , Conor Maynard , David Guetta , Gorillaz and Kraftwerk , among others. It has recently signed indie rock band Two Door Cinema Club , Nottingham Artist Hex and electrofunk duo Chromeo , along with up-and-coming American, indie dream pop band, Saint Motel , who recently topped European charts with their My Type EP. It is also EMI's oldest active label: its contemporary HMV was always more of a classical music label and ceased issuing popular music recordings in 1967; later known as EMI
EMI
Classics , it was absorbed into Warner Classics in 2013; English Columbia has been replaced by the EMI
EMI
pop label. Parlophone
Parlophone
also operates the imprint Regal Recordings , a contemporary revival of the historic Columbia Graphophone budget/reissue label founded in 1914.

Parlophone
Parlophone
is Warner Music Group's oldest record label.

Parlophone's 45 rpm releases continue, as of 2013, to be numbered using the same "R xxxx" catalogue number series that it has used continuously since 1956 (starting around R 4200 and currently up to the R 6800 range). The R series is actually carried over from the 78 rpm era, the earliest numbers dating back to at least 1930.

NOTABLE ARTISTS SIGNED TO PARLOPHONE

Because Parlophone
Parlophone
Records Ltd. has absorbed the catalogues of EMI Records , Columbia Graphophone Company , His Master\'s Voice and other sublabels the former EMI
EMI
Records company owned with new reissues bearing the Parlophone
Parlophone
label, only artists whose recordings were originally issued on the Parlophone
Parlophone
label are listed here.

* Adam Faith
Adam Faith
* Alice in Chains
Alice in Chains
(outside the US) * All Saints * Arcadia * Alternative Radio * Athlete (recorded music catalogue now controlled by Chrysalis Records ) * Babyshambles
Babyshambles
* Bat for Lashes * BANX text-align:left;vertical-align:top;">

* Flanders white-space:nowrap;"> * Kylie Minogue
Kylie Minogue
(outside Australia and New Zealand) * Late of the Pier * Laurie London * Lily Allen (outside US) * Love Sculpture * Luke Sital-Singh * Mansun * Matrix text-align:left;vertical-align:top;">

* Morning Parade * MPHO * Mrs Mills * The Night VI * Otis Waygood * The Paramounts * Pablo Alborán * Paul McCartney (recorded music catalogue now controlled by MPL Communications ) * Peter Sellers * Pet Shop Boys
Pet Shop Boys
(left March 2013; now with x2/Kobalt Label Services) (return 2017-present catalogue: 1985-2012) * Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
(Europe only) * Port Isla * Queen (recorded music catalogue controlled by Hollywood Records in North America and Island Records outside the US and Canada) * Queen + Paul Rodgers (recorded music catalogue now controlled by Island Records) (outside the US and Canada) * Radiohead (recorded music catalogue now controlled by XL Recordings ) * Rat Boy * Rainbow Ffolly * Richard Hawley * Safia * Saint Motel * Sarah Close * Scarlet Party * Shane Fenton * Sigur Rós * Sky Ferreira * Spandau Ballet * Stereophonics
Stereophonics
* Supergrass * Talk Talk * The Temperance Seven * Teresa Teng * Thomas Jack * Tina Turner * Tinie Tempah * Tomorrow * Two Door Cinema Club * VANT
VANT
* The Verve * Vince Taylor * Vipers Skiffle Group * Waltari
Waltari

PARLOPHONE RECORD LABELS

*

Early 20th century Parlophone
Parlophone
record label of the 78rpm acoustic era *

Please Please Me by the Beatles (side 1) – 1963. Parlophone
Parlophone
gold and black label *

With the Beatles (side 1) – Parlophone
Parlophone
yellow and black label

The labels shown here include those used for 78s and LPs. The label design for 7" singles had the same standard template as several other EMI
EMI
labels, with the large "45" insignia to the right. In recent years, design uniformity has relaxed from release to release.

REFERENCES

* ^ "About". Parlophone.co.uk. 1 July 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2014.

* ^ Billboard - Google Books. Books.google.com. 3 February 1973. Retrieved 1 March 2013. * ^ Billboard - Google Books. Books.google.com. 13 September 1980. Retrieved 1 March 2013. * ^ " EMI
EMI
rings changes". Music Week
Music Week
. 23 April 2008. Retrieved 16 February 2011. * ^ Ingham, Tim (26 November 2012). "Universal\'s Capitol takes shape: Barnett in, Beatles on roster". Music Week. Intent Media. Retrieved 18 April 2013. * ^ Sweney, Mark (21 September 2012). "Universal\'s £1.2bn EMI takeover approved – with conditions". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 September 2012. * ^ Pakinkis, Tom. "Nine groups in Parlophone
Parlophone
race, 12 eyeing other UMG/ EMI
EMI
assets". Music Week. Retrieved 1 March 2013. * ^ Negishi, Mayumi (7 January 2013). "Sony, BMG in joint bid for Parlophone, EMI
EMI
labels - FT". Reuters. Retrieved 1 March 2013. * ^ Sisario, Ben (15 May 2013). "Warner Music Gains Approval to Buy Parlophone, a Last Piece of EMI". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 May 2013. * ^ Sisario, Ben (19 February 2013). "Warner Music Makes a Deal With Small Labels". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 May 2013. * ^ "Warner \'50 times oversubscribed\' as 140 indies bid for assets". musicbusinessworldwide.com. 19 March 2015. * ^ "Radiohead\'s Early Catalog Moves From Warner Bros. to XL". billboard.com. * ^ " Warner Music Group Outlines Parlophone
Parlophone
Integration Process, Expects $70 Million in Annual Cost Savings". Billboard.biz. Retrieved 30 January 2014. * ^ "Coldplay, David Guetta Go To Atlantic Records; Radiohead & Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
Catalogs, Kylie Minogue, Damon Albarn
Damon Albarn
To Warner Bros: WMG’s US Plans for Parlophone
Parlophone
(Exclusive)". Billboard.biz. Retrieved 30 January 2014. * ^ The OKeh label using the prefix "PNY" * ^ " The Beatles
The Beatles
Biography". Retrieved 29 September 2012. * ^ Roberts, Jeremy (31 December 2010). "The Beatles, Music Revolutionaries". USA Today. Retrieved 29 September 2012. * ^ "The Beatles, Universal, and Calderstone Productions". thoughtco.com. * ^ "Saint Sarah Close has recently signed after success with the Caught Up EP and her covers of various genres.Motel". Retrieved 18 June 2015. * ^ "Athlete". chrysalisrecordings.com. * ^ "Radiohead\'s Early Catalog Moves From Warner Bros. to XL". Billboard