The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova (Parlamentul Republicii Moldova) is the unicameral assembly of the Republic of Moldova. Its 101 MPs are elected by popular vote every 4 years. The parliament then elects a president, who functions as the head of state. The president appoints a prime minister as head of government who in turn assembles a cabinet, both subject to parliamentary approval.
The Parliament staff ensures an organizational, informational and technological assistance to activity of the Parliament, the Standing Bureau, standing committees, parliamentary factions and of deputies. The structure and the personal record of the parliament staff are approved by the Parliament.
According to the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the Parliament is the supreme representative organ and the single legislative authority of the state. The right of legislative initiative belongs to the Members of Parliament, to the Speaker (excepting proposals to revise the Constitution) and to the Government. In exercise of this right MPs and the President of the state present to Parliament draft papers and legislative proposals, while the Government presents draft papers.
Structure of former legislatures
Presidents of the Parliament of Moldova
- Alexandru Moșanu September 4, 1990 - February 2, 1993
- Petru Lucinschi February 4, 1993 - January 9, 1997
- Dumitru Moțpan March 5, 1997 - April 23, 1998
- Dumitru Diacov April 23, 1998 - March 20, 2001
- Eugenia Ostapciuc March 20, 2001 - March 24, 2005
- Marian Lupu March 24, 2005 - May 5, 2009
- Ivan Călin (Acting) May 5, 2009 - May 12, 2009
- Vladimir Voronin May 12, 2009 - August 28, 2009
- Mihai Ghimpu August 28, 2009 - December 28, 2010
- Marian Lupu December 30, 2010 - April 25, 2013
- Liliana Palihovici (Acting) April 25, 2013 - May 30, 2013
- Igor Corman May 30, 2013 - January 23, 2015
- Andrian Candu January 23, 2015 - present
The Parliament Building was formerly the meeting place of the Central Committee of the Moldovan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. It is located on Stephen the Great Boulevard formerly known as Lenin Boulevard. The architects were Alexander Cerdanțev and Grigore Bosenco. The building was damaged during civil unrest in 2009 and repairs were carried out in 2012 and 2013. Parliament moved back into the restored building in February 2014.
Stephen the Great Boulevard