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Government
Government
(76)[1]

     PSD (67)      ALDE (9)

Parties Supporting the Government
Government
(9)

     UDMR (9)

Opposition (51)

     PNL (30)      USR (13)      PMP (8)

Chamber of Deputies political groups

Government
Government
(166)[2]

     PSD (152)      ALDE (14)

Parties Supporting the Government
Government
(38)

     UDMR (21)      National minorities (17)

Opposition (126)

     PNL (69)      USR (30)      PMP (16)      Independents (11)

Senate committees

15

- The Committee for legal affairs, appointments, discipline, immunities and validations; – Committee on Budget, finance, banking and capital market; – The commission for economy, industry and services; Committee on Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development; – The Committee on Foreign Affairs; Committee on public administration, the territory and environmental protection; – The Commission for defense, public order and national security; – Commission for work, family and social protection; Committee for Education, Science, Youth and Sports; – Committee on Public Health; Committee for culture, art and media information in the table; – Commission on Human Rights, religious and minority; The Committee on Equal Opportunities; – Commission for privatization and management of state assets; – Committee on research abuses, corruption and petitions;

Chamber of Deputies committees

14

- Committee for Economic Policy, Reform, and Privatization; – Committee for Budget, Finance, and, Banks, Committee for Industries and Services, Committee for Agriculture, Forestry, Food Industry and Specific Services; – Committee for Human Rights, Cults and National Minorities Issues; – Committee for Public Administration Territorial Planning and Ecological Balance; – Committee for Labour and Social Protection, Committee for Health and Family; – Committee for Education, Science, Youth, and Sport; Committee for Culture, Arts, Mass Information Means; – Committee for Legal Matters, Discipline, and Immunities; – Committee for Defense Public Order, and National Security; – Committee for Foreign Policy; – Committee for the Investigation of Abuses, Corrupt Practices, and for Petitions; – Committee for Standing Orders; – Committee for information technologies and communications; – Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men

Joint committees

Standing Committees

- The Committee on European Affairs; – The former Committee for European Integration; – The Joint Standing Committee of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate for the exercise of parliamentary control over the activity of the Romanian Intelligent Service; – The Joint Standing Committee of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate for the exercise of parliamentary control over the activity of the Foreign Intelligent Service; – The Parliamentary Committee for the control of the implementation of the Law no.42/1990 for honoring the martyr heroes and granting rights to their successors, to the persons wounded in, and to the fighters for the victory of the Revolution of December 1990; – The Joint Standing Committee of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate for the statute of the Senator and Deputy, and organizing and functioning of the joint sessions of the Chambers; – The Joint Standing Committee of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate for the relation with UNESCO

Special
Special
committees

- The Joint Standing Committee of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate for the elaboration of the legislative proposal regarding the election of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate, of the President of Romania, of the authorities of the public local administration, financing of the elections campaign, and the election of the members of the European Parliament; – The Joint Special
Special
Standing Committee of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate for the control of the budget execution of the Court of Accounts during the year 2003; – The Joint Special
Special
Standing Committee of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate for establishing the antenna times for the election of the Romanian Members of the European Parliament; – The Joint Special
Special
Standing Committee of Parliament for the antenna times for the national referendum regarding the introduction of the uninominal election of the members of the Parliament of Romania

Inquiry committees

- The parliamentary inquiry committee for investigations and clarifying the status of the bank accounts of Nicolae Ceaușescu; – The parliamentary inquiry committee for investigations and clarifying the activity of ICE Dunărea; – The parliamentary inquiry committee for investigations regarding interception of communications; – The parliamentary inquiry committee of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate regarding the Bordei Park; – The parliamentary inquiry committee for investigations and clarifying the spending way of the money obtained as a 2% quota from the privatization value, destined to the building of social housing, as established by the article 44, 2nd paragraph of the Law 10/2001 regarding the judiciary regime of the buildings abusively acquired by the state in the period 6 March 1945 – 22 December 1989, republished

Elections

Senate voting system

1992 – 2008, 2016 - present: Closed list, D'Hondt method 2008 - 2016: Mixed member proportional
Mixed member proportional
representation

Chamber of Deputies voting system

1992 – 2008, 2016 - present: Closed list, D'Hondt method 2008 - 2016: Mixed member proportional
Mixed member proportional
representation

Senate last election

December 11, 2016

Chamber of Deputies last election

December 11, 2016

Senate next election

2020

Chamber of Deputies next election

2020

Meeting place

Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest, Romania

Website

http://www.parlament.ro/

The Parliament of Romania
Romania
(Romanian: Parlamentul României) is the national legislature of Romania, consisting of the Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaților), and the Senate (Senat). Its meeting place is at the Palace of the Parliament
Palace of the Parliament
in Bucharest. Prior to the modification of the Constitution in 2003, the two houses had identical attributes. A text of a law had to be approved by both houses. If the text differed, a special commission (comisie de mediere) was formed by deputies and senators, that "negotiated" between the two houses the form of the future law. The report of this commission had to be approved in a joint session of the Parliament. After the 2003 referendum, a law still has to be approved by both houses, but each house has designated matters it gets to deliberate before the other, in capacity of "deciding chamber" (Romanian: cameră decizională). If that first chamber adopts a law proposal (relating to its competences), it is passed on to the other one, which can approve or reject. If it makes amendments, the bill is sent back to the deciding chamber, the decision of which is final. In 2009, a referendum was held to consult the population about turning the parliament into a unicameral body and reducing the number of representatives to 300. Although the referendum passed, the results are not binding, a referendum explicitly mentioning the modification of the constitution being required to achieve this.[3]

Contents

1 History

1.1 List of presidents of the Houses

1.1.1 19th Century 1.1.2 20th Century 1.1.3 21st Century

2 Functioning 3 Composition

3.1 2016–2020 3.2 2008–2012 3.3 2004 – 2008

4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The parliamentary history of Romania
Romania
starts in May 1831 in Wallachia, where a constitutional document was adopted, Regulamentul Organic ("The Organic Statute" or "The Organic Regulation"); less than a year later, in January 1832, this same statute was implemented in Moldavia as well. The organic regulation laid the foundations for the parliamentary institution in the Romanian Principalities. The Paris Convention of 19 August 1858 and, especially, Statutul Dezvoltător ("The Expanding Statute") of that convention (which introduced a bicameral parliament, by founding Corpul Ponderator, later renamed Senat), adopted on the initiative of prince (Domnitor) Alexandru Ioan Cuza, by means of a plebiscite in 1864, perfected and enlarged the principle of national representation. Under the political regime established by the Paris Convention, the legislative power faced an obvious process of modernization, and the legislative power as National Representation, which operated in accordance with the organization and operation mode of parliaments in Western Europe at that time.[4] The historical process of formation of the Parliament of Romania
Romania
in the modern age strongly boosted the affirmation of national sovereignty, subsequently leading to the Union of the two Principalities, in 1859. Under the dome of the Romanian Parliament, on 9 May 1877, the Declaration of Romania's Independence was read, and, in 1920, the documents of union with Transylvania
Transylvania
and Bessarabia
Bessarabia
under the Treaty of Trianon
Treaty of Trianon
were read, the formal beginning of Greater Romania. In February 1938, amid the rather chaotic European political association that eventually led to World War II, King Carol II, who always tended to favor his own personal rule over parliamentarism, imposed a rule of authoritarian monarchy. Under the royal dictatorship, the parliament became merely a decorative body, deprived of its main attributes. Carol abdicated in September 1940, and the succeeding National Legionary State suspended parliament. The National Legionary State as such lasted less than five months, but it was succeeded by Ion Antonescu's military dictatorship, and parliament remained suspended. After 23 August 1944, under the pressure of Soviet and other communist forces, the parliament was re-organized as a single legislative body, the Assembly of Deputies, changed under the 1948 constitution, into the Great National Assembly, a merely formal body, totally subordinate to the power of the Romanian Communist Party. The Romanian Revolution
Romanian Revolution
of December 1989 opened the road for Romanians to restore authentic pluralistic electoral democracy, respecting human rights, and observing the separation of powers and the rulers' responsibility before representative bodies. Thanks to the documents issued by the provisional revolutionary power, Romania
Romania
has returned to a bicameral parliamentary system. All these stipulations can be found in the country's new Constitution, approved by referendum in 1991. During more than a decade of post-communist transition, the Chamber of Deputies and Senate debated and adopted numerous laws and regulations aimed at reforming the entire society on a democratic basis, guaranteeing respect of fundamental human rights, promoting reform and privatization, consolidating market economic institutions and those of a state ruled by law, which led to Romania's integration into such institutions at NATO
NATO
and the European Union. List of presidents of the Houses[edit] The 1866, 1923, and 1938 Constitution of Romania
Romania
state that the assembly presidents are elected at the beginning of each session. This tradition was kept in the early years of the People's Republic. In modern times, both presidents of the Chamber of Deputies and of the Senate are elected for the entire duration of that house's term. Under special circumstances the presidents of the houses can be revoked. The political stance of the presidents of the assembly prior to the development of a modern party system is shown by:

     C (Conservative)      MC (Moderate Conservative)

     RL (Radical Liberal)      ML (Moderate Liberal)

The political stance of the presidents of the assembly after the development of a modern party system is shown by:

     PNL = National Liberal Party      PC = Conservative Party

     PNR = Romanian National Party      PP = People's Party

     PCD = Conservative-Democratic Party      PNȚ = National Peasants' Party

     PND = Democratic Nationalist Party      PNC = National Christian Party

     FRN = National Renaissance Front (from 1940 PN; Party of the Nation)      FP = Ploughmen's Front

     PMR = Romanian Workers' Party (from 1965 PCR; Romanian Communist Party)      FSN = National Salvation Front

     PDSR = Party of Social Democracy in Romania (from 2001 PSD; Social Democratic Party)      PNȚCD = Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party

     PSDR = Romanian Social Democratic Party      PD-L = Democratic Liberal Party (until 2008 PD; Democratic Party)

     ALDE = Alliance of Liberals and Democrats      Mil. = Military

     Ind. = Independent

19th Century[edit]

El. yr. Leg. no. LOWER HOUSE UPPER HOUSE

# Name Portrait Born-Died Took office Left office Party # Name Portrait Born-Died Took office Left office Party

1862 I Assembly of Deputies not yet established

1 Metropolitan-primate Nifon Rusailă

24 January 1862 2 May 1864 Ind.

1864 II 2 Alexandru Emanoil Florescu

1822-1907 29 December 1864 25 June 1865 C Corpul Ponderator

1 Metropolitan-primate Nifon Rusailă

6 December 1864 1 June 1866 Ind.

3 Emanoil Costache Epureanu

1823 - 1880 12 December 1865 3 January 1866 C

4 Nicolae Catargiu

1830 - 1882 9 January 1866 12 February 1866 C

1866 (Apr) III (3) Emanoil Costache Epureanu

1823 - 1880 9 May 1866 6 July 1866 C Senat

(1) Metropolitan-primate Nifon Rusailă

1 June 1866 6 June 1868 Ind.

1866 (Nov) IV 5 Lascăr Catargiu

1823 - 1899 12 December 1866 1 November 1867 C

6 Anastasie Fătu

1816 - 1886 15 January 1868 15 November 1868 RL 2 Ștefan Golescu

1809 - 1874 6 September 1868 15 November 1868 RL

7 Ion C. Brătianu

1821 - 1891 18 November 1868 29 January 1869 RL 3 Nicolae Golescu

1810 - 1877 18 November 1868 9 July 1869 RL

1869 V 8 Costache Negri

1812 – 1876 8 May 1869 17 November 1869 ML 4 Alexandru Plagino

1821 - 1894 2 September 1869 4 March 1871 MC

9 Grigore Balș

-1895 20 November 1869 1 May 1870 MC

1870 VI 10 Gheorghe Costa-Foru

1820 - 1876 2 July 1870 3 February 1871 C

11 Nicolae Pǎcleanu

5 February 1871 16 March 1871 RL

1871 VII 12 Dimitrie Ghica

1816 - 1897 26 May 1871 17 February 1876 C (1) Metropolitan-primate Nifon Rusailă

4 March 1871 5 May 1875 Ind.

1875 VIII 5 Metropolitan-primate Calinic Miclescu

9 June 1875 25 March 1879 Ind.

13 Constantin N. Brăiloiu

1809/10 - 1889 18 February 1876 3 May 1876 C

1876 IX 14 Constantin A. Rosetti

1816 - 1885 25 June 1876 26 May 1878 PNL

15 Gheorghe Vernescu

1829 - 1900 6 June 1878 15 November 1878 PNL

(14) Constantin A. Rosetti

1816 - 1885 17 November 1878 9 June 1881 PNL

1879 X 6 Constantin Bosianu

1815 - 1882 25 May 1879 15 November 1879 PNL

7 Dimitrie Ghica

1816 - 1897 17 November 1879 8 September 1888 PNL

1881 XI 16 Dimitrie C. Brǎtianu

1818 - 1892 9 June 1881 21 October 1882 PNL

17 Dimitrie Lecca

1832 - 1888 21 October 1882 5 March 1883 PNL

1883 XII (14) Constantin A. Rosetti

1816 - 1885 16 May 1883 17 October 1883 PNL

(17) Dimitrie Lecca

1832 - 1888 19 October 1883 4 July 1888 PNL

1884 XIII

1888 XIV (5) Lascăr Catargiu

1823 - 1899 10 November 1888 14 January 1889 PC 8 Ion Emanoil Florescu

1819 - 1893 4 November 1888 7 December 1889 PC

18 Constantin Grădișteanu

1833 - 1890 19 January 1889 16 November 1889 PC 9 Nicolae Crețulescu

1812 - 1900 13 December 1889 6 June 1890 PC

19 Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino

1833 - 1913 16 November 1889 22 February 1891 PC (8) Ion Emanoil Florescu

1819 - 1893 17 November 1890 21 February 1891 PC

1891 XV 20 Gheorghe Rosnovanu

1832 - 1904 3 May 1891 11 December 1891 PC 10 Constantin Boerescu

1845 - 1928 1 March 1891 11 December 1891 PC

1892 XVI 21 Gheorghe Manu

1833 - 1911 26 February 1892 24 October 1895 PC 11 Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino

1833 - 1913 25 February 1892 24 October 1895 PC

1895 XVII 22 Petre S. Aurelian

1833 - 1909 9 December 1895 21 November 1896 PNL (7) Dimitrie Ghica

1816 - 1897 9 December 1895 15 February 1897 PNL

12 Dimitrie Alexandru Sturdza

1833 - 1914 20 February 1897 31 March 1897 PNL

23 Dimitrie Gianni

1832 - 1902 23 November 1896 21 April 1899 PNL 13 Eugeniu Stătescu

1836 - 1905 31 March 1897 18 November 1897 PNL

14 Nicolae Gane

1838 - 1916 18 November 1897 21 April 1899 PNL

1899 XVIII 24 Constantin Olănescu

1845 - 1928 13 June 1899 21 September 1900 PC (10) Constantin Boerescu

1836 - 1908 13 June 1899 14 February 1901 PC

(19) Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino

1833 - 1913 25 September 1900 14 February 1901 PC

20th Century[edit]

El. yr. Leg. no. LOWER HOUSE UPPER HOUSE

# Name Portrait Born-Died Took office Left office Party # Name Portrait Born-Died Took office Left office Party

1901 XIX Assembly of Deputies Senate

25 Mihail Pherekyde

1842 - 1926 24 March 1901 9 December 1904 PNL (13) Eugeniu Stătescu

1836 - 1905 24 March 1901 15 November 1902 PNL

26 Ștefan Șendrea

1842 - 1907 9 December 1904 23 December 1904 PNL 15 Petre S. Aurelian

1833 - 1909 16 November 1902 23 December 1904 PNL

1905 XX 27 Grigore Trandafil

1840 - 1907 25 February 1905 23 February 1907 PC (10) Constantin Boerescu

1836 - 1908 25 February 1905 26 April 1907 PC

28 Constantin Cantacuzino-Pașcanu

1856 - 1927 26 February 1907 26 April 1907 PC

1907 XXI (25) Mihail Pherekyde

1842 - 1926 8 June 1907 15 December 1909 PNL (15) Petre S. Aurelian

1833 - 1909 9 June 1907 24 January 1909 PNL

29 Basile M. Missir

1843 - 1929 15 December 1909 16 February 1910 PNL

(25) Mihail Pherekyde

1842 - 1926 16 February 1910 10 January 1911 PNL 16 Constantin Budișteanu

1838 - 1911 28 January 1909 10 January 1911 PNL

1911 XXII (24) Constantin Olănescu

1845 - 1928 8 March 1911 17 October 1912 PC (11) Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino

1833 - 1913 10 March 1911 23 March 1913 PC

1912 XXIII (28) Constantin Cantacuzino-Pașcanu

1856 - 1927 1 December 1912 11 January 1914 PCD

17 Theodor Rosetti

1837 - 1932 27 March 1913 3 July 1913 PC

18 Ion Lahovari

1844 - 1915 3 July 1913 11 January 1914 PC

1914 XXIV (25) Mihail Pherekyde

1842 - 1926 21 February 1914 11 December 1916 PNL 19 Basile M. Missir

1843 - 1929 21 February 1914 9 December 1916 PNL

30 Vasile C. Morțun

1860 - 1919 11 December 1916 25 April 1918 PNL 20 Emanoil Porumbaru

1845 - 1921 9 December 1916 25 April 1918 PNL

1918 XXV 31 Constantin Meissner

1854 - 1942 5 June 1918 5 November 1918 PCP 21 Dimitrie I. Dobrescu

1869 - 1948 4 June 1918 5 November 1918 PCP

1919 XXVI 32 Alexandru Vaida-Voevod

1872 - 1950 28 November 1919 1 December 1919 PNR 22 Paul Bujor

1862 - 1952 28 December 1918 26 March 1920 PȚB

33 Nicolae Iorga

1871 - 1940 9 December 1919 26 March 1920 PND

1920 XXVII 34 Duiliu Zamfirescu

1858 - 1922 30 June 1920 22 January 1922 PP 23 Constantin Coandă

1857 - 1932 22 June 1920 22 January 1922 PP

1922 XXVIII 35 Mihail Orleanu

1859 - 1942 6 April 1922 27 March 1926 PNL 24 Mihail Pherekyde

1842 - 1926 31 March 1922 24 January 1926 PNL

25 Constantin I. Nicolaescu

1861 - 1945 3 February 1926 27 March 1926 PNL

1926 XXIX 36 Petre P. Negulescu

1870 - 1951 10 July 1926 5 June 1927 PP (23) Constantin Coandă

1857 - 1932 8 July 1926 5 June 1927 PP

1927 XXX 37 Nicolae Săveanu

1866 - 1952 30 July 1927 10 November 1928 PNL 26 Constantin I. Nicolaescu

1861 - 1945 18 June 1927 10 November 1928 PNL

1928 XXXI 38 Ștefan Cicio Pop

1865 - 1934 23 December 1928 30 April 1931 PNȚ 27 Traian Bratu

1875 - 1940 23 December 1928 30 April 1931 PNȚ

1931 XXXII 39 Dimitrie Pompeiu

1873 - 1954 20 June 1931 10 June 1932 PND 28 Mihail Sadoveanu

1880 - 1961 18 June 1931 10 June 1932 Ind.

1932 XXXIII (38) Ștefan Cicio Pop

1865 - 1934 10 August 1932 18 November 1933 PNȚ 29 Neculai Costăchescu

1876 - 1939 4 August 1932 18 November 1933 PNȚ

1933 XXXIV (37) Nicolae Săveanu

1866 - 1952 10 February 1934 19 November 1937 PNL 31 Leonte Moldovan

1865 - 1943 10 February 1934 15 November 1935 PNL

1934 XXXV

32 Constantin Dimitriu-Dovlecel

1872 - 1945 15 November 1935 15 November 1936 PNL

33 Alexandru Lapedatu

16 November 1936 20 March 1937 PNL

1937 XXXVI

1939 XXXVII (32) Alexandru Vaida-Voevod

1872 - 1950 9 June 1939 5 September 1940 FRN/PN 34 Nicolae Iorga

1871 - 1940 9 June 1939 13 June 1939 Ind.

35 Constantin Argetoianu

1871 - 1955 15 June 1939 5 August 1940 FNR/PN

1946 XXXVIII 40 Mihail Sadoveanu

1880 - 1961 5 December 1946 24 February 1948 BPD suspended

1948 XXXIX Great National Assembly disbanded

41 Gheorghe Apostol

1913 - 2010 7 April 1948 11 June 1948 PMR

42 Constantin Agiu

11 June 1948 27 December 1948 PMR

43 Constantin Pârvulescu

1895 - 1992 27 December 1948 5 July 1949 PMR

44 Dumitru Petrescu

5 July 1949 28 December 1949 PMR

45 Alexandru Drǎghici

28 December 1949 26 January 1950 PMR

(44) Dumitru Petrescu

26 January 1950 29 May 1950 PMR

46 Constantin Doncea

1904 - 1973 29 May 1950 6 September 1950 PMR

(41) Gheorghe Apostol

1913 - 2010 6 September 1950 5 April 1951 PMR

47 Ioan Vințe

1910 - 1996 5 April 1951 26 March 1952 PMR

(41) Gheorghe Apostol

1913 - 2010 26 March 1952 6 June 1952 PMR

48 Gheorghe Stoica

2 June 1952 30 November 1952 PMR

1952 XL (45) Constantin Pârvulescu

1895 - 1992 23 January 1953 5 March 1961 PMR

1957 XLI

1961 XLII

49 Ștefan Voitec

1900 - 1984 20 March 1961 28 March 1974 PMR/PCR

1965 XLIII

1969 XLIV

50 Miron Constantinescu

1917 - 1974 28 March 1974 18 July 1974 PCR

51 Nicolae Giosan

26 July 1974 12 December 1989 PCR

1975 XLV

1980 XLVI

1985 XLVII

1990 XLVIII Assembly of Deputies Senate

52 Marțian Dan

1935 - 2002[5] 19 June 1990 16 October 1992 FSN 35 Alexandru Bârlădeanu

1911 - 1997 18 June 1990 16 October 1992 FSN

1992 XLIX Chamber of Deputies 36 Oliviu Gherman

1930 - 22 October 1992 22 November 1996 FDSN/PDSR

53 Adrian Năstase

1950 - 28 October 1992 22 November 1996 FDSN/PDSR

1996 L 54 Ion Diaconescu

1917 - 2011 27 November 1996 30 November 2000 PNȚCD 37 Petre Roman

1946 - 27 November 1996 22 December 1999 PD

38 Mircea Ionescu-Quintus

1917 - 2017 4 February 2000 30 November 2000 PNL

2000 LI 55 Valer Dorneanu

1944 - 15 December 2000 30 November 2004 PDSR/PSD 39 Nicolae Văcăroiu

1943 - 15 December 2000 14 October 2008 PDSR/PSD

21st Century[edit]

El. yr. Leg. no. LOWER HOUSE UPPER HOUSE

# Name Portrait Born-Died Took office Left office Party # Name Portrait Born-Died Took office Left office Party

2004 LII Chamberof Deputies Senate

(53) Adrian Năstase

1950 - 19 December 2004 16 March 2006 PSD 39 Nicolae Văcăroiu

1943 - 15 December 2000 14 October 2008 PDSR/PSD

56 Bogdan Olteanu

1971 - 20 March 2006 13 December 2008 PNL

— Doru Ioan Tărăcilă (acting)

1951 - 14 October 2008 28 October 2008 PSD

40 Ilie Sârbu

1950 - 28 October 2008 13 December 2009 PSD

2008 LIII 57 Roberta Anastase

1976 - 19 December 2008 3 July 2012 PDL 41 Mircea Geoană

1958 - 19 December 2009 23 November 2011 PSD

Petru Filip (acting)

1955 - 23 November 2011 28 November 2011 PDL

43 Vasile Blaga

1956 - 28 November 2011 3 July 2012 PDL

58 Valeriu Zgonea

1967 - 3 July 2012 20 December 2012 PSD 44 Crin Antonescu

1959 - 3 July 2012 20 December 2012 PNL

2012 LIV 20 December 2012 13 June 2016 19 December 2012 4 March 2014

— Cristian Dumitrescu

1955 - 5 March 2014 10 March 2014 PSD

45 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu

1952 - 10 March 2014 21 December 2016 Ind./PLR/ALDE

— Florin Iordache

1960 - 13 June 2016 September 2016 PSD

59 Florin Iordache September 2016 21 December 2016

2016 LV 60 Liviu Dragnea

1962 - 21 December 2016 Incumbent PSD 21 December 2016 Incumbent ALDE

Further information: Lifespan Timeline of Presidents of the Senate of Romania Further information: Lifespan Timeline of Presidents of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania Functioning[edit] Prior to the modifications of the Constitution in 2003, the two houses had identical attributes. A text of a law had to be approved by both houses. If the text differed, a special commission (comisie de mediere) was formed by deputies and senators, that "negotiated" between the two houses the form of the future law. The report of this commission had to be approved in a joint session of the Parliament. This French procedure proved to be extremely long and inefficient with respect to the expectations of the Romanians
Romanians
towards democracy. After the 2003 referendum, a law still has to be approved by both houses, but in some matters one is "superior" to the other, being called "decision chamber" ("cameră decizională"). This eliminates the process of "negotiation" between the two houses, and keeps the Senate as the upper house and the Chamber as the lower house. Composition[edit]

Romania

This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Romania

Constitution

Referendums

1991 (adoption) 2003 (amendments) 2015 (amendments)

Constitutional Court

Government

President (list)

Klaus Iohannis

Prime Minister (list)

Viorica Dăncilă

Cabinet (current list)

Parliament

Senate

President: Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu Standing Bureau

Chamber of Deputies

President: Liviu Dragnea Standing Bureau

Judiciary

High Court of Cassation and Justice

Constitutional Court Ombudsman Judicial reform

Political parties

Parliamentary

Social Democratic Party (PSD) National Liberal Party (PNL) Save Romania Union
Save Romania Union
(USR) Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
(UDMR) Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE) People's Movement Party
People's Movement Party
(PMP) Other ethnic-minority parties

Non-parliamentary

United Romania
Romania
Party(PRU) Greater Romania
Romania
Party (PRM) Green Party (PV)

Elections

Permanent Electoral Authority Recent elections

Presidential: 2014 2009 2004

Legislative: 2016 2012 2008

Local: 2016 2012 2008 2004

European: 2014 2009 2007

Administrative divisions

Macroregions

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Municipalities Sectors

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Foreign relations

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unification movement

Russia

Embassies

Politicians

Heads of state

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Presidents by time in office Prime Ministers Ministers of Finance

Other countries Atlas

v t e

2016–2020[edit]

e • d Seats in the Senate of Romania

Party Election seating Lost Won Present seating

Seats % Seats %

  Social Democratic Party 67 49.26% 0 0 67 49.26%

  National Liberal Party 30 22.05% 0 0 30 22.05%

  Save Romania
Romania
Union 13 9.56% 0 0 13 9.56%

  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 9 6.62% 0 0 9 6.62%

  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 9 6.62% 0 0 9 6.62%

  People's Movement Party 8 5.88% 0 0 8 5.88%

Total 136 100 — 136 100

e • d Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania

Party Election seating Lost Won Present seating

Seats % Seats %

  Social Democratic Party 154 46.95% 2 0 152 46.34%

  National Liberal Party 69 21% 1 0 68 20.73%

  Save Romania
Romania
Union 30 9.15% 2 0 28 8.5%

  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 21 6.4% 0 0 21 6.4%

  People's Movement Party 18 5.5% 2 0 16 4.9%

  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 20 6.1% 6 0 14 4.26%

  Independents — — 0 11 11 3.3%

  Ethnic minorities parties 17 5.2% 0 0 17 5.2%

Total 328 100 — 329 100

2008–2012[edit] Main article: 2008–2012 legislature of the Romanian Parliament

e • d Seats in the Senate of Romania, 6th legislature

Party Election seating Lost Won Present seating

Seats % Seats %

  Democratic Liberal Party 51 37.22% 19 2 35 37.96%

  Social Democratic Party 49 35.77% 15 3 40 31.39%

  National Liberal Party 28 20.44% 16 4 27 16.79%

  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 9 6.57% 2 0 7 6.57%

  National Union for the Progress of Romania — — 4 12 12 7.3%

  Independents — —

2 2

  Vacant seats 14 —

Total 137 100 — 137 100

e • d Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania, 6th legislature

Parliamentary Group Election seating Lost Won Present

Seats % Seats %

  Democratic Liberal Party 115 34.43% 29 12 106 37.24%

  Social Democratic Party 114 34.13% 29 2 91 28.53%

  National Liberal Party 65 19.46% 21 6 56 16.22%

  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 22 6.59% 2 0 20 6.61%

  Ethnic minorities parties 18 5.39% 2 0 16 5.41%

  National Union for the Progress of Romania — — 16 16 12 6.01%

  Deputies without a group 8 —

  Vacant seats 25 —

Total 334 100 — 334 100

2004 – 2008[edit] Main article: 2004 - 2008 legislature of the Romanian Parliament References[edit]

^ Senate website ^ Chamber of Deputies website ^ For the modification of the structure of parliament, a constitutional amendment is needed. (euractiv.ro) ^ Governmental responsibility and parliamentary irresponsibility in the Romanian constitutional tradition by radu Carp ^ Ultimul up-date 12:44 GMT+2. "Dan Martian, ambasadorul Romaniei in Portugalia, a decedat - Ziarul de Iasi". Ziaruldeiasi.ro. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 

CV at the Chamber of Deputies of Romania CV at the Chamber of Deputies of Romania

External links[edit]

Senate of Romania Chamber of Deputies of Romania

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Academy Architecture Art Cinema Cuisine Folklore Humour Literature Media Music Philosophy Sport

Outline Index

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National bicameral legislatures

Federal

Argentina Australia Austria Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Canada Ethiopia Germany India Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Pakistan Russia Somalia South Sudan Sudan Switzerland United States

Unitary

Afghanistan Algeria Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belize Bhutan Bolivia Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Chile Colombia Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Czech Republic Dominican Republic Equatorial Guinea France Gabon Grenada Haiti Indonesia Ireland Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Morocco Myanmar Namibia Netherlands Oman Palau Paraguay Philippines Poland Romania Rwanda Saint Lucia Slovenia South Africa Spain Swaziland Tajikistan Trinidad and Tobago United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Zimbabwe

Dependent and other territories

American Samoa Bermuda Isle of Man Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico

Non-UN states

Somaliland

Historical

Soviet Union Czechoslovakia (1920–1939) Czechoslovakia (1969–1992) Yugoslavia

Related

Unicameralism List of legislatures by country

National unicameral legislatures National lower houses National upper houses

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Parliament of Europe

Sovereign states

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland

Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Artsakh Kosovo Northern Cyprus South Ossetia Transnistria

Dependencies and other entities

Åland Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey Svalbard

Other entities

European Union

Coordinates: 44°25′38″N 26°05′15″E / 44.42722°N 26.08750°E / 44.427

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