The Info List - Parliament Of Nepal

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Government (207)

     CPN (UML) : 121      CPN (MC) : 53      FSFN : 16      RJPN : 17

Opposition (63)

     NC : 63

Others (5)

     Independents : 5

Rastriya Sabha
Rastriya Sabha
political groups

Government (43)

  CPN (UML) : 27

  CPN (MC) : 12

  FSFN : 2

  RJPN : 2

Opposition (13)

  NC : 13

Others (3)

  Appointed : 3


Pratinidhi Sabha
Pratinidhi Sabha
voting system

Parallel voting

Rastriya Sabha
Rastriya Sabha
voting system

Single transferable vote
Single transferable vote
& First-past-the-post

Pratinidhi Sabha
Pratinidhi Sabha
last election

26 November and 07 December 2017

Rastriya Sabha
Rastriya Sabha
last election

06 February 2018

Meeting place

International Convention Centre, New Baneshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal




Constitution of Nepal


This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Nepal


Fundamental Rights and Duties Human rights LGBT rights


President: Bidhya Devi Bhandari Vice President: Nanda Bahadur Pun


Prime Minister: Khadga Prasad Oli Council of Ministers: Oli II Civil Services Cabinet Secretary

Federal Parliament:

House of Representatives

Speaker: Krishna Bahadur Mahara

National Assembly

Chairman: Ganesh Prasad Timilsina


Supreme Court

Chief Justice of Nepal: Gopal Parajuli

District Courts


Election Commission Political parties Recent elections

Presidential: 2008 2015

National: 2008 2013 2017

Provincial: 2017

Local: 2017

Federalism Administrative divisions


Province governments Provincial Assemblies Governors Chief Minister

Local governments

Districts Municipality Rural Municipality

Foreign relations

Ministry of Foreign Affairs Diplomatic missions

of Nepal to Nepal


Visa requirements

Related topics

Democracy movement Civil War

Other countries Atlas

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The Federal Parliament of Nepal
is the federal and supreme legislative body of Nepal. It is a bicameral federal legislature that consists of the Rastriya Sabha
Rastriya Sabha
as upper house and the Pratinidhi Sabha, as lower house.


1 History

1.1 Legislatures of Kingdom of Nepal 1.2 Interim Legislature
of Nepal 1.3 Legislature
Parliament of Nepal

2 Composition

2.1 President of Nepal 2.2 House of Representatives 2.3 National Assembly

3 Powers and rights 4 Parliamentary committees 5 Women's Representation 6 Parliament House 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Legislatures of Kingdom of Nepal[edit] Main article: Legislatures of Kingdom of Nepal The former Parliament of Nepal
was dissolved by King Gyanendra in 2002, on the grounds that it was incapable of handling the Maoist rebels. The country's five main political parties have staged protests against the king, arguing that he must either call fresh elections or reinstate the elected legislature. In 2004, the king announced that parliamentary elections would be held within twelve months; in April 2006, in response to major pro-democratic protests, it was announced that Parliament would be reestablished.[2]The current prime minister of Nepal
is Khadga Prasad Oli. Interim Legislature
of Nepal[edit] Main articles: interim legislature of Nepal
and 1st Nepalese Constituent Assembly After the success of the April 2006 people's movement, on January 15, 2007, the old parliament was dissolved and replaced by the 330-member interim legislature of Nepal.[citation needed] By the legislature an Interim Constitution was promulgated and a constituent assembly election was held in April 2008. The 601-member assembly on 28 May 2008 abolished the 238-year-old monarchy and declared the country a republic. The parliament constituent assembly, which was initially given two years to draft a new constitution, was dissolved on 27 May 2012 after its failure to draft a new constitution due to differences over restructuring the state. Legislature
Parliament of Nepal[edit] Main article: Legislature
Parliament of Nepal The Legislature Parliament of Nepal
Legislature Parliament of Nepal
was expired by 21 January 2018 (7 Magh, 2074 BS).[3] The second Nepalese Constituent Assembly was converted into legislative parliament of Nepal
after the promulgation of the constitution on September 20, 2015.[4] The second Nepalese Constituent Assembly was formed after failure of first Constituent Assembly to draft a new constitution. The second Nepalese Constituent Assembly has completed its task by successfully promulgating the constitution on September 20, 2015. Composition[edit] According to the Constitution of Nepal
2015 Nepal
has a two chamber Parliament (संसद)[5]. The House of Representatives (प्रतिनिधि सभा) has 275 members elected for a five year term, 165 from single-seat constituencies and 110 from a proportional party list. The National Assembly (राष्ट्रिय सभा) has 59 members elected for six years term. Among the 59 members three members are nominated by the President. The remaining 56 are elected from 7 provinces equally (Eight each) including 3 female 1 Dalits and 1 from differently abled groups. President of Nepal[edit] Main article: President of Nepal House of Representatives[edit] Main article: House of Representatives (Nepal) National Assembly[edit] Main article: National Assembly (Nepal) Powers and rights[edit] Parliamentary committees[edit] Women's Representation[edit] Main article: Women's representation in the Parliament of Nepal Nepal
currently has a woman as speaker of the Parliament. On Oct 16, 2015 Parliament unanimously elected UCPN-Maoist lawmaker Onsari Gharti Magar, as the speaker of the house.[6] Women’s representation in the Parliament of Nepal
has increased in the Constituent Assembly, which will have immense role to draft the future constitution of Nepal.[2] Parliament House[edit] Main article: International Convention Centre, Nepal See also[edit]

Politics of Nepal List of legislatures by country


^ " Krishna Bahadur Mahara
Krishna Bahadur Mahara
Elected Speaker". Nepal
Republic Media. Kathmandu, Nepal. 10 March 2018. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018.  ^ a b "Nepal's Political Development: Nepal
Constituent Assembly Portal". Nepalcaportal.org. Retrieved 2010-04-10.  ^ "संविधानसभा प्रथम". parliament.gov.np. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/south-asia/Nepal-elects-first-woman-speaker-of-parliament/articleshow/49420818.cms ^ http://constitution.org.np/userfiles/constitution%20of%20nepal%202072-en.pdf ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/south-asia/Nepal-elects-first-woman-speaker-of-parliament/articleshow/49420818.cms

External links[edit]

Official website

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Legislatures of Nepal

Kingdom of Nepal

Rastriya Panchayat Legislature
of Kingdom of Nepal

Maha sabha Pratinidhi Sabha

Sanghiya Sansad

Rastriya Sabha Pratinidhi Sabha

Pradesh Sabha

Province No. 1 Province No. 2 Province No. 3 Province No. 4 Province No. 5 Karnali Province No. 7

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Government of Nepal


Constitution of Nepal Fundamental Rights and Duties Nepalese Law Federalism in Nepal Provinces


Federal Government President (list) Vice President (list) Prime Minister (list) Council of Ministers Civil Services Chief Secretary Province governments Chief Minister Governors


Federal Parliament House of Representatives National Assembly Provincial Assembly


Supreme Court Chief Justice District Courts

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Parliament of Asia

Sovereign states

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States with limited recognition

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Dependencies and other territories

British Indian Ocean Territory Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Hon