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The Parliament of Fiji
Fiji
is the unicameral legislature of the Republic of the Fiji. It consists of 50 members elected every 4 years using open-list proportional representation in one multi-member nationwide constituency.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Establishment 1.2 Interruptions 1.3 Composition 1.4 Unicameral
Unicameral
system

2 Structure 3 See also 4 External links

History[edit] Establishment[edit] The Fijian Parliament dates from 10 October 1970, when Fiji
Fiji
became independent from the United Kingdom. The Parliament replaced the former colonial legislative body, the Legislative Council, which had existed in various forms throughout the entire colonial period. A grandfather clause in the 1970 Constitution, which was adopted on independence, provided for the old Legislative Council to be renamed as the House of Representatives and remain in office, pending the first post-independence elections in 1972. Interruptions[edit] Since independence, Parliamentary rule has been interrupted three times. The first interruption was from 1987 through 1992, owing to two coups d'état in 1987 instigated by Lieutenant Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka. The second interruption occurred when a coup in 2000 attempted by George Speight rendered the parliamentary system unworkable and resulted in Parliament's dissolution. A general election in 2001 restored the democratic system. The Republic of Fiji
Fiji
Military Forces overthrew the government again in 2006. No further elections would be held until the September 2014 election. Composition[edit] The composition of Parliament has changed over the years. From 1972 to 1987, there were 52 Representatives and 22 Senators. In 1992, Parliament was enlarged to 70 Representatives and 34 Senators, figures marginally adjusted in 1999 to provide for 71 Representatives and 32 Senators. 25 of these were elected by universal suffrage. The remaining 46 were reserved for Fiji's ethnic communities and were elected from communal electoral rolls: 23 Fijians, 19 Indo-Fijians, 1 Rotuman, and 3 "General electors" (Europeans, Chinese, and other minorities). The upper chamber of the parliament, the Senate, had 32 members, formally appointed by the President on the nomination of the Great Council of Chiefs
Great Council of Chiefs
(14), the Prime Minister (9), the Leader of the Opposition (8), and the Rotuman Islands Council (1). The Senate was less powerful than the House of Representatives; the Senate could not initiate legislation, but it could reject or amend it. The Senate's powers over financial bills were more restricted: it could veto them in their entirety, but could not amend them. The House of Representatives could override a Senatorial veto by passing the bill a second time in the parliamentary session immediately following the one in which it was rejected by the Senate, after a minimum period of six months. Amendments to the Constitution were excepted: the veto of the Senate was absolute. Following the passage of a bill by the House of Representatives, the Senate had 21 days (7 days in the case of a bill classified as "urgent") to approve, amend, or reject it; if at the expiry of that period the Senate had done nothing about it, it was deemed to have passed the bill. As a result of the parliament building having only one debating chamber, the Senate and House of Representatives used the same chamber at different times. Unicameral
Unicameral
system[edit] The 2013 Constitution promulgated by the military-backed interim government abolished the Senate and the House of Representatives, instituting a single-chamber 50-member Parliament. Structure[edit]

The Parliament of Fiji
Fiji
consists of 50 members (plus a speaker) and is led by the Prime Minister of Fiji, who is the leader of the largest party of Government. The current Parliament was elected in the 2014 election, with FijiFirst, led by Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama, holding a majority of 32 seats. The Social Democratic Liberal Party, led by Teimumu Kepa, gained 15 seats and formed the Opposition. The National Federation
Federation
Party, lea by Biman Prasad, gained 3 seats and became the only party on the crossbench. See also[edit]

Politics of Fiji List of legislatures by country

External links[edit]

Parliament of Fiji
Fiji
Live Streaming Fiji
Fiji
Government Online Portal Official Website of the Parliament of Fiji

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Fiji articles

History

Heads of State Cakobau period Colonial period Modern history 1977 crisis 1987 coups Military–church relations 2000 coup Reconciliation Commission 2005–2006 crisis 2006 coup 2009 crisis

Geography

Archipelagoes Cities and towns Earthquakes Provinces Rivers Rotuma Volcanoes Wildlife

Politics

Attorney-General Chiefly system

Burebasaga Kubuna Tovata

1997 Constitution 2013 Constitution Cabinet Elections

electoral system

Foreign relations

Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

Great Council of Chiefs Human rights

LGBT

LGBT history Judiciary

High Court Court of Appeal Supreme Court

Law enforcement Local government Military Monarchy Parliament

Senate House of Representatives

Political parties President Vice-President Prime Minister Proposed charter

Economy

Central bank Companies Fijian dollar
Fijian dollar
(currency) Stock exchange Telecommunications Transport

airports

Society

Demographics Education Fijian people Indo-Fijians Languages Religion

Christianity Hinduism Islam

Rotuman people

Culture

Anthem Cinema Coat of arms Festivals Flag Meke (dance) Literature Music Mythology Notable people Sports Traditions and ceremonies

Outline Index

Category Portal

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Legislatures of Oceania

Sovereign states

Australia Federated States of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

Associated states of New Zealand

Cook Islands Niue

Dependencies and other territories

American Samoa Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Easter Island French Polynesia Guam Hawaii New Caledonia Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Pitcairn Islands Tokelau Wallis and Futuna

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National unicameral legislatures

Federal

Comoros Iraq Federated States of Micronesia United Arab Emirates Venezuela

Unitary

Albania Andorra Angola Armenia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Benin Botswana Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad China Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Denmark Djibouti Dominica East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland Gambia Georgia Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Honduras Hungary Iceland Iran Israel Kiribati North Korea South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malawi Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Mozambique Nauru New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Norway Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Portugal Qatar Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino São Tomé and Príncipe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Sweden Syria Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine Vanuatu Vatican City Vietnam Yemen Zambia

Dependent and other territories

Åland Islands Anguilla Aruba British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Curaçao Falkland Islands Faroe Islands French Polynesia Gibraltar Greenland Guam Guernsey Hong Kong Jersey Macau Montserrat New Caledonia Pitcairn Islands Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena Saint Martin Saint Pierre and Miquelon Sint Maarten Tokelau Turks and Caicos Islands U.S. Virgin Islands Wales Wallis and Futuna

Non-UN states

Abkhazia Artsakh Cook Islands Kosovo Niue Northern Cyprus Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic South Ossetia Taiwan Transnistria

Historical

Czechoslovakia (1948–1969) Irish Republic (1919–22) Scotland Sicily South African Republic

Related

Bicameralism List of legislatures by country

National bicameral legislatures National lower houses Nat

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