HOME
The Info List - Parliament Of India



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

Coordinates : 28°37′2″N 77°12′29″E / 28.61722°N 77.20806°E / 28.61722; 77.20806

PARLIAMENT OF INDIA

Emblem of India
India

TYPE

TYPE Bicameral

HOUSES Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha

HISTORY

FOUNDED 26 January 1950 (67 years ago) (1950-01-26)

PRECEDED BY Constituent Assembly of India
Constituent Assembly of India

LEADERSHIP

PRESIDENT Ram Nath Kovind Since 25 July 2017

CHAIRMAN OF RAJYA SABHA (VICE-PRESIDENT ) Mohammad Hamid Ansari Since 25 August 2012

DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF THE RAJYA SABHA P. J. Kurien , INC Since 21 August 2012

SPEAKER OF THE LOK SABHA Sumitra Mahajan , BJP Since 6 June 2014

DEPUTY SPEAKER OF THE LOK SABHA M. Thambidurai , AIADMK Since 13 August 2014

Leader of the House (Lok Sabha) Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
, BJP Since 26 May 2014

LEADER OF THE HOUSE (RAJYA SABHA) Arun Jaitley , BJP Since 2 June 2014

STRUCTURE

SEATS 790 245 Members of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
545 Members of Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha

RAJYA SABHA POLITICAL GROUPS NDA (Majority ) UPA

LOK SABHA POLITICAL GROUPS NDA (Majority ) UPA

ELECTIONS

RAJYA SABHA VOTING SYSTEM Single transferable vote
Single transferable vote

LOK SABHA VOTING SYSTEM First past the post

RAJYA SABHA LAST ELECTION 21 July and 08 August 2017

LOK SABHA LAST ELECTION 7 April – 12 May 2014

RAJYA SABHA NEXT ELECTION Indian Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
elections, 2018

LOK SABHA NEXT ELECTION April – May 2019

MEETING PLACE

Sansad Bhavan
Sansad Bhavan
, Sansad Marg , New Delhi
New Delhi
, India
India

WEBSITE

parliamentofindia.nic.in

CONSTITUTION

Constitution of India
India

The PARLIAMENT OF INDIA is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India
India
. The Parliament is composed of the President of India
India
and the houses. It is bicameral with two houses: the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(House of the People). The President in his role as head of legislature has full powers to summon and prorogue either house of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha. The president can exercise these powers only upon the advice of the Prime Minister and his Union Council of Ministers .

Those elected or nominated (by the President) to either house of Parliament are referred to as members of parliament (MP). The Members of Parliament, Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
are directly elected by the Indian public voting in Single-member districts and the Members of Parliament, Rajya Sabha are elected by the members of all of the State Legislative Assembly by proportional representation . The Parliament has a sanctioned strength of 545 in Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
including the 2 nominees from the Anglo-Indian Community by the President , and 245 in Rajya Sabha including the 12 nominees from the expertise of different fields of science, culture, art and history. The Parliament meets at Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi
New Delhi
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Parliament House

* 2.1 General layout of the building * 2.2 Proposal for a new building

* 3 Composition

* 3.1 President of India * 3.2 Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
* 3.3 Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha

* 4 Session of parliament * 5 Lawmaking procedures * 6 Parliamentary committees * 7 Incidents * 8 Parliament Session and debates * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links

HISTORY

Main articles: Imperial Legislative Council and Constituent Assembly of India
India

PARLIAMENT HOUSE

Main article: Sansad Bhavan
Sansad Bhavan

The Sansad Bhavan
Sansad Bhavan
(Parliament House) is located in New Delhi
New Delhi
. It was designed by Edwin Lutyens
Edwin Lutyens
and Herbert Baker
Herbert Baker
, who were responsible for planning and construction of New Delhi
New Delhi
by British government. The construction of buildings took six years and the opening ceremony was performed on 18 January 1927 by the then Viceroy and Governor-General of India
India
, Irwin . The construction costs for the building were ₹8.3 million (US$130,000). The parliament is 560 feet (170 m) in diameter and covers an area of 6 acres (2.4 ha). The Central hall consists of the chambers of Lok sabha, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
and the Library hall. Surrounding these three chambers is the four storied circular structure providing accommodations for members and houses Parliamentary committees , offices and the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs .

GENERAL LAYOUT OF THE BUILDING

The centre and the focus of the building is the Central Hall. It consists of chambers of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
and the Library Hall and between them lie garden courts. Surrounding these three chambers is the four storyed circular structure providing accommodations for Ministers, Chairmen, Parliamentary committees, Party offices, important offices of Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
and Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Secretariats and also the offices of the ministry of Parliamentary affairs. The Central Hall is circular in shape and the dome is 98 feet (29.87 meters) in diameter. It is a place of historical importance. The Indian Constitution was framed in the Central Hall. The Central Hall was originally used in the library of erstwhile Central Legislative Assembly and the Council of States. In 1946, it was converted and refurbished into Constituent Assembly Hall. At present, the Central Hall is used for holding joint sittings of both the houses of parliament and also used for address by the President in the commencement of first session after each general election .

PROPOSAL FOR A NEW BUILDING

A new Parliament building may replace the existing complex. The new building is being considered on account of the stability concerns regarding the current complex. A committee to suggest alternatives to the current building has been set up by the Former Speaker , Meira Kumar . The present building, an 85-year-old structure suffers from inadequacy of space to house members and their staff and is thought to suffer from structural issues. The building also needs to be protected because of its heritage tag.

COMPOSITION

The Indian Parliament consists of two houses called the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
and the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
with the President of India acting as their head.

PRESIDENT OF INDIA

Main article: President of India

The President of India , the Head of state is a component of Parliament. Under Article 60 and Article 111, President's responsibility is to scrutinise that bills/laws passed by the parliament are in accordance with constitutional mandate and stipulated procedure is followed before according his/her approval to the bills. The President of India is elected by the members of Parliament of India
India
and the state legislatures and serves for a term of five years.

LOK SABHA

Main article: Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha

Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(House of the People) or the lower house has 545 members . 543 members are directly elected by citizens of India
India
on the basis of universal adult franchise representing Parliamentary constituencies across the country and 2 members are appointed by the President of India
India
from Anglo-Indian Community . Every citizen of India
India
who is over 18 years of age, irrespective of gender, caste, religion or race, who is otherwise not disqualified, is eligible to vote for the Lok Sabha.The Constitution provides that the maximum strength of the House be 552 members. It has a term of five years. To be eligible for membership in the Lok Sabha, a person must be a citizen of India
India
and must be 25 years of age or older, mentally sound, should not be bankrupt and should not be criminally convicted. The total elective membership is distributed among the States in such a way that the ratio between the number of seats allotted to each State and the population of the State is, so far as practicable, the same for all States.

RAJYA SABHA

Main article: Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha

Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
(Council of States) or the upper house is a permanent body not subject to dissolution. One third of the members retire every second year, and are replaced by newly elected members. Each member is elected for a term of six years. Its members are indirectly elected by members of legislative bodies of the states. The Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
can have a maximum of 250 members. It currently has a sanctioned strength of 245 members, of which 233 are elected from States and Union Territories and 12 are nominated by the President . The number of members from a state depends on its population. The minimum age for a person to become a member of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
is 30 years.

SESSION OF PARLIAMENT

The period during which the House meets to conduct its business is called a session. The Constitution empowers the president to summon each House at such intervals that there should not be more than a six-month gap between the two sessions. Hence the Parliament must meet at least twice a year. In India, the parliament conducts three sessions each year:

* Budget session: February to May * Monsoon session: July to September * Winter session: November to December

LAWMAKING PROCEDURES

Main article: Lawmaking procedure in India
India

Legislative proposals are brought before either house of the Parliament in the form of a bill. A bill is the draft of a legislative proposal, which, when passed by both houses of Parliament and assented to by the President , becomes an Act of Parliament . Money bills must originate in the Lok Sabha. The council of states can only make recommendations over the bills to the House, within a period of fourteen days.

PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEES

Parliamentary committees are formed to deliberate specific matters at length. The public is directly or indirectly associated and studies are conducted to help committees arrive at the conclusions. Parliamentary committees are of two kinds: Ad hoc committees and the Standing committees .

Standing committees are permanent committees constituted from time to time in pursuance of the provisions of an act of Parliament or rules of procedure and conduct of business in Parliament. The work of these committees is of a continuing nature. Ad hoc committees are appointed for a specific purpose and they cease to exist when they finish the task assigned to them and submits a report.

INCIDENTS

Main article: 2001 Indian Parliament attack

On 13 December 2001, Indian Parliament was attacked by a terrorist organisation. The perpetrators were Lashkar-e-Taiba
Lashkar-e-Taiba
(Let) and Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) terrorists. The attack led to the deaths of five terrorists, six Delhi Police personnel, two Parliament Security Services personnel and a gardener, which totalled 14 fatalities. It also led to increased tensions between India
India
and Pakistan
Pakistan
, resulting in the 2001-2002 India- Pakistan
Pakistan
standoff.

PARLIAMENT SESSION AND DEBATES

On 16 November 2016, The winter session of Indian Parliament had started and during the sittings in both Upper and Lower Houses of Parliament, observed strong opposition , and uproar by political parties , on note ban initiative by Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
Government on 8 November 2016.

*

Jawaharlal Nehru and other members taking pledge during the midnight session of the Constituent Assembly of India
Constituent Assembly of India
held on 14 and 15 August 1947. *

Constituent Assembly of India
Constituent Assembly of India
. *

Jawaharlal Nehru addressing the Constituent Assembly in 1946. *

Indian Prime Minister , Morarji Desai
Morarji Desai
listens to Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
as he addresses the Indian Parliament House. *

President of the United States
President of the United States
, Barack Obama
Barack Obama
addressing Joint Session of the Parliament, 2010.

SEE ALSO

* Politics of India
India
* Election Commission of India
India
* Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
* Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
* List of constituencies of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
* Indian Parliamentary Group * PRS Legislative Research * List of legislatures by country

REFERENCES

* ^ "Live: Ram Nath Kovind becomes the 14th President of India". The Hindu. New Delhi, India. 25 July 2017. * ^ "Chairman, Rajya Sabha, Parliament of India". rajyasabha.nic.in. Retrieved 19 August 2011. * ^ "P.J. Kurien is Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Deputy Chairman". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 February 2016. * ^ " Sumitra Mahajan elected speaker". Times of India. Retrieved 25 February 2016. * ^ "M Thambidurai elected deputy speaker of Lok Sabha". Times of India. 13 August 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2014. * ^ " Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
is sworn in as the 15th Prime Minister of India". The Times of India
India
. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014. * ^ "PIB Press Releases". Pib.nic.in. Retrieved 25 October 2012. * ^ "Deputy Chairman, Rajya Sabha, Parliament of India". * ^ "History of the Parliament, Delhi". delhiassembly.nic.in. Retrieved 13 December 2013. * ^ "Delhi may see a new Parliament building". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 13 July 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2013.

* ^ Firstpost (2012-07-13). "Speaker sets up panel to suggest new home for Parliament". Firstpost. Retrieved 2012-08-15. * ^ Constitution of India
India
(PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India
India
. 1 December 2007. p. 26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 September 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2013. * ^ "Lok Sabha". parliamentofindia.nic.in. Retrieved 19 August 2011. * ^ "Parliament – Government: National Portal
Portal
of India". Home: National Portal
Portal
of India. Retrieved 10 May 2011. * ^ "Our Parliament" (PDF). New Delhi: Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
Secretariat. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012. * ^ "How bill becomes act". parliamentofindia.nic.in. Retrieved 8 May 2015. * ^ Parliamentary Committee. "Parliament of India". Indian Parliament. * ^ Committees of Rajya Sabha. "General Information". Rajya Sabha Secretariat. * ^ Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
- Committee Home. "Introduction". Lok Sabha Secretariat. * ^ "Terrorists attack Parliament; five intruders, six cops killed". rediff.com. 13 December 2001. Retrieved 13 December 2013.

FURTHER READING

* "The Parliamentary System" by Arun Shourie, Publisher: Rupa ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Parliaments of Asia

SOVEREIGN STATES

* Afghanistan * Armenia * Azerbaijan * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Bhutan * Brunei * Cambodia * China * Cyprus * East Timor (Timor-Leste) * Egypt * Georgia * India * Indonesia * Iran * Iraq * Israel * Japan * Jordan * Kazakhstan * North Korea * South Korea * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos * Lebanon * Malaysia * Maldives * Mongolia * Myanmar * Nepal * Oman * Pakistan
Pakistan
* Philippines * Qatar * Russia * Saudi Arabia * Singapore * Sri Lanka * Syria * Tajikistan * Thailand * Turkey * Turkmenistan * United Arab Emirates * Uzbekistan * Vietnam * Yemen

States with limited recognition

* Abkhazia * Nagorno-Karabakh * Northern Cyprus * Palestine * South Ossetia * Taiwan

Dependencies and other territories

* British Indian Ocean Territory * Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands * Hong Kong * Macau

* v * t * e

National bicameral legislatures

FEDERAL

* Argentina * Australia * Austria * Belgium * Bosnia and Herzegovina * Brazil * Canada * Ethiopia * Germany * India * Malaysia * Mexico * Nigeria * Pakistan
Pakistan
* Russia * Somalia * South Sudan * Sudan * Switzerland * United States

UNITARY

* Afghanistan * Algeria * Antigua and Barbuda * Bahamas * Bahrain * Barbados * Belarus * Belize * Bhutan * Bolivia * Burundi * Cambodia * Cameroon * Chile * Colombia * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Republic of the Congo * Czech Republic * Dominican Republic * Equatorial Guinea * France * Gabon * Grenada * Haiti * Indonesia * Ireland * Italy * Ivory Coast * Jamaica * Japan * Jordan * Kazakhstan * Kenya * Lesotho * Liberia * Madagascar * Mauritania * Morocco * Myanmar * Namibia * Netherlands * Oman * Palau * Paraguay * Philippines * Poland * Romania * Rwanda * Saint Lucia * Slovenia * South Africa * Spain * Swaziland * Tajikistan * Trinidad and Tobago * United Kingdom * Uruguay * Uzbekistan * Zimbabwe

Dependent and other territories

* American Samoa * Bermuda * Isle of Man * Northern Mariana Islands * Puerto Rico

NON-UN STATES

* Somaliland

HISTORICAL

* Soviet Union * Czechoslovakia * Yugoslavia

RELATED

* Unicameralism * List of legislatures by country

* National unicameral legislatures * National lower houses * National upper houses

* v * t * e

Parliament of India
India

PRESIDENT OF INDIA

* President of India (List )

LOK SABHA

* Speaker * Leader of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
* Leader of the Opposition

* Constituencies * 1st LS (1952–57) * 2nd LS (1957–62) * 3rd LS (1962–67) * 4th LS (1967–71) * 5th LS (1971–77) * 6th LS (1977–80) * 7th LS (1980–84) * 8th LS (1984–89) * 9th LS (1989–91) * 10th LS (1991–96) * 11th LS (1996–98) * 12th LS (1998–99) * 13th LS (1999–2004) (Members ) * 14th LS (2004–09) (Members ) * 15th LS (2009–14) (Members ) * 16th LS (2014–19) (Members )

RAJYA SABHA

* Members * Chairman * Leader of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
* Leader of the Opposition

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Parliament_of_India additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

* Privacy policy * About * Disclaimers * Contact * Developers * Cookie statement * Mobile view

* *

Links: ------ /wiki/Geographic_coordinate_system

.