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Paris
Paris
Blues is a 1961 American feature film made on location in Paris, starring Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
as expatriate jazz saxophonist Eddie Cook, and Paul Newman
Paul Newman
as trombone-playing Ram Bowen.[1][2] The two men romance two vacationing American tourists, Connie Lampson (Diahann Carroll) and Lillian Corning (Joanne Woodward) respectively. The film also deals with American racism of the time contrasted with Paris's open acceptance of black people. The film was based on the 1957 novel of the same name by Harold Flender.[3] The film also features trumpeter Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
(as Wild Man Moore) and jazz pianist Aaron Bridgers; both play music within the film. It was produced by Sam Shaw, directed by Martin Ritt
Martin Ritt
from a screenplay by Walter Bernstein, and with cinematography by Christian Matras. Paris Blues was released in the U.S. on September 27, 1961.

Contents

1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 4 Soundtrack

4.1 Reception 4.2 Track listing 4.3 Personnel

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Plot[edit] On his way to see Wild Man Moore (Louis Armstrong) at the train station, Ram Bowen (Paul Newman), a jazz musician, encounters Connie Lampson, (Diahann Carroll), a newly arrived tourist, and invites her to see him perform that night at Club 33. Connie isn't interested but her friend, Lillian (Joanne Woodward) insists they go to see him. After Ram finishes performing with his friend Eddie (Sidney Poitier), he offers to take both women to breakfast. When Ram suggests that he and Connie go off and have a private breakfast together she is offended, and Ram is angered at being rejected. However Lillian, undeterred that Ram prefers her friend, pursues him and the two sleep together while Connie and Eddie spend the night walking around Paris. Over the following weeks the couples grow closer. However Connie is angry that Eddie has abandoned America for France, insisting that the only way things can improve in the U.S. is if people stay and work together in order to change things, while Eddie is content to stay in Paris
Paris
where there is less racism and he is able to carve out a career as a talented musician. As Connie and Lillian's trip nears its end Lillian tries to convince Ram to enter into a more committed relationship and move back with her. Ram, aware that she has two children and lives in a small town, breaks off their relationship telling her he is dedicated to his music. Meanwhile, Eddie and Connie declare their love for one another, and plan to get married. Shortly after, they argue when Connie asks him to try living in America for a year and he refuses. Their hearts broken by their respective lovers, Connie and Lillian make plans to return home early. Before the women can leave, Ram attends a meeting with a record producer, Bernard, who dismisses a composition he has been working on as too "light." Bernard encourages Ram to take some time to study music, but Ram's hopes of being a serious musician have been dashed. Heartbroken, he tracks down Lillian, and agrees to move back with her. Connie, in a desperate last attempt to reach out to Eddie, follows him to a party where she tells him she is leaving for good. Unwilling to lose her, Eddie makes up his mind to return to America with her, but will follow in a few weeks. At the train station, Ram is late and finally appears to tell Lillian that he has to stay in Paris, and is unwilling to give up on his music. Lillian and Connie depart on the train, and the two men head off together. As they leave, workers are re-papering a bill board, covering the advertisement of Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
(Wild Man Moore) with an offer for Larousse. Cast[edit]

Paul Newman
Paul Newman
as Ram Bowen Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
as Lillian Corning Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
as Eddie Cook Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
as Wild Man Moore Diahann Carroll
Diahann Carroll
as Connie Lampson Barbara Laage as Marie Séoul André Luguet
André Luguet
as René Bernard Marie Versini
Marie Versini
as Nicole Moustache as Mustachio the drummer Aaron Bridgers as Pianist Guy Pederson as Bass Player Serge Reggiani as Michel "Gypsy" Devigne Emilien Antille as Man with alto sax in jazz cave when Armstrong enters Roger Blin as Fausto the moor Charles Bouillaud as Luggage carrier in train Michel Dacquin as Guest at Devigne's party Hélène Dieudonné as The Pusher Michel Garland as Club 33 customer René Hell as Man with dog in the park Jo Labarrère as Club 33 customer Jack Lenoir as Club 33 waiter Frank Maurice as Luggage carrier on the platform Niko as Ricardo Michel Portal
Michel Portal
as Musician Claude Rollet as Club 33 customer Albert Simono as Guest at Devigne's party André Tomasi as Club 33 bartender María Velasco as Pianist Dominique Zardi

Production[edit] While the original novel and first draft of the screenplay were primarily about interracial romance, United Artists
United Artists
demanded that aspect be changed, not believing the American public was ready for such a thing. The finished film briefly teases at the idea before abandoning it. Years after the release, Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
stated "Cold feet maneuvered to have it twisted around - lining up the colored guy with the colored girl." and that United Artists
United Artists
had "chickened out" and "took the spark out of it."[4] It is rumored that Poitier and Carroll began their affair during production. The affair would last years ending when Poitier chose not to leave his wife. Soundtrack[edit]

Paris
Paris
Blues

Soundtrack album by Duke Ellington

Released 1961

Recorded May 2 & 3, 1961

Genre Jazz

Label United Artists

Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
chronology

The Great Summit (1961)The Great Summit1961 Paris
Paris
Blues (1961) First Time! The Count Meets the Duke (1961)First Time! The Count Meets the Duke1961

Paris
Paris
Blues is a soundtrack album by American pianist, composer and bandleader Duke Ellington, recorded and released on the United Artists label in 1961 and reissued on Rykodisc
Rykodisc
in 1996 with additional dialogue from the film and the film trailer on CD-ROM.[5] It features performances by Ellington's Orchestra with Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
guesting on two tracks. Ellington was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture. Reception[edit] The Allmusic
Allmusic
review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 3 stars and stated: "Although not a classic, Paris
Paris
Blues (both the film and the soundtrack) is worth owning by jazz collectors".[6] A review in Jazz Times by Stanley Dance, however, was quite critical of the release stating: "both movie and music, in my opinion, were disappointing examples of how too many cooks spoil the broth... for the main NYC sessions, no less than five drummers were brought in, who lamentably failed to swing the big band as the absent Sam Woodyard
Sam Woodyard
could have done all by himself. One of the few moments of truth occurs in the finale, " Paris
Paris
Blues," when Johnny Hodges
Johnny Hodges
is briefly heard".[7]

Professional ratings

Review scores

Source Rating

Allmusic [6]

Track listing[edit] All compositions by Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
except as indicated

"Take the "A" Train' (Billy Strayhorn) - 2:14 "You Know Something?" - 0:24 "Battle Royal" - 4:31 "Bird Jungle" - 1:59 "What's Paris
Paris
Blues?" - 0:45 "Mood Indigo" (Ellington, Barney Bigard, Irving Mills) - 3:15 "Autumnal Suite" - 3:14 "Nite" - 3:32 "Wild Man Moore" - 1:49 " Paris
Paris
Stairs" - 3:05 "I Wasn't Shopping" - 0:21 " Guitar
Guitar
Amour" - 2:02 "A Return Reservation" - 0:33 " Paris
Paris
Blues" - 5:53

Recorded at Reeves Sound Studios, New York on May 2 & 3, 1961.

Personnel[edit]

Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
– piano Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
- trumpet (tracks 3 & 9) Cat Anderson, Willie Cook, Ed Mullens, Ray Nance, Clark Terry
Clark Terry
- trumpet Louis Blackburn, Lawrence Brown, Murray McEachern, Britt Woodman - trombone Juan Tizol
Juan Tizol
- valve trombone Arthur Clark, Jimmy Hamilton
Jimmy Hamilton
- clarinet, tenor saxophone Johnny Hodges, Oliver Nelson
Oliver Nelson
- alto saxophone Russell Procope
Russell Procope
- alto saxophone, clarinet Paul Gonsalves
Paul Gonsalves
- tenor saxophone Harry Carney
Harry Carney
- baritone saxophone, clarinet, bass clarinet Harry Smiles - oboe Les Spann - guitar, flute Jimmy Gourley - guitar Aaron Bell - bass Sonny Greer, Dave Jackson, Jimmy Johnson, Philly Joe Jones, Max Roach - drums

See also[edit]

List of American films of 1961

References[edit]

^ Variety film review; September 27, 1961, p. 7. ^ Harrison's Reports film review; September 23, 1961, p. 150. ^ " Paris
Paris
Blues by Harold Flender" (review), Kirkus. ^ Goudsouzian, Aram (2004). Sidney Poitier: Man, Actor, Icon. Univ of North Carolina Press. p. 193. ISBN 978-1469622934.  ^ A Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
Panorama accessed May 14, 2010. ^ a b Yanow, S. Allmusic
Allmusic
Review accessed May 14, 2010. ^ Dance, S. Paris
Paris
Blues Soundtrack Review, Jazz
Jazz
Times, March 1999.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paris
Paris
Blues.

Paris
Paris
Blues on IMDb Paris
Paris
Blues at the TCM Movie Database Paris
Paris
Blues at AllMovie Paris
Paris
Blues at the American Film Institute Catalog

v t e

Films directed by Martin Ritt

Edge of the City
Edge of the City
(1957) No Down Payment
No Down Payment
(1957) The Long, Hot Summer
The Long, Hot Summer
(1958) The Black Orchid (1958) The Sound and the Fury (1959) Five Branded Women
Five Branded Women
(1960) Paris
Paris
Blues (1961) Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man
Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man
(1962) Hud (1963) The Outrage
The Outrage
(1964) The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1965) Hombre (1967) The Brotherhood (1968) The Molly Maguires (1970) The Great White Hope (1970) Sounder (1972) Pete 'n' Tillie
Pete 'n' Tillie
(1972) Conrack
Conrack
(1974) The Front
The Front
(1976) Casey's Shadow
Casey's Shadow
(1978) Norma Rae
Norma Rae
(1979) Back Roads (1981) Cross Creek (1983) Murphy's Romance
Murphy's Romance
(1985) Nuts (1987) Stanley & Iris (1990)

v t e

Duke Ellington

Studio albums

The Blanton–Webster Band Never No Lament: The Blanton-Webster Band Braggin' in Brass: The Immortal 1938 Year Liberian Suite Great Times! Masterpieces by Ellington Ellington Uptown The Duke Plays Ellington Ellington '55 Dance to the Duke! Ellington Showcase Historically Speaking Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
Presents... The Complete Porgy and Bess A Drum Is a Woman Studio Sessions, Chicago 1956 Such Sweet Thunder Ellington Indigos Black, Brown and Beige Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
at the Bal Masque The Cosmic Scene Happy Reunion Jazz
Jazz
Party Back to Back Side by Side Anatomy of a Murder Festival Session Blues in Orbit The Nutcracker Suite Piano
Piano
in the Background Swinging Suites by Edward E. and Edward G. Unknown Session Piano
Piano
in the Foreground The Great Summit: The Master Takes Paris
Paris
Blues First Time! The Count Meets the Duke Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
& John Coltrane Featuring Paul Gonsalves Studio Sessions 1957 & 1962 Midnight in Paris Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
Meets Coleman Hawkins Studio Sessions, New York 1962 Money Jungle Afro-Bossa The Symphonic Ellington Duke Ellington's Jazz
Jazz
Violin Session Studio Sessions New York 1963 My People Ellington '65 Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
Plays Mary Poppins Ellington '66 Concert in the Virgin Islands The Popular Duke Ellington The Far East Suite The Jaywalker Studio Sessions, 1957, 1965, 1966, 1967, San Francisco, Chicago, New York ...And His Mother Called Him Bill Second Sacred Concert Studio Sessions New York, 1968 Latin American Suite The Pianist New Orleans Suite Orchestral Works The Suites, New York 1968 & 1970 The Intimacy of the Blues The Afro-Eurasian Eclipse Studio Sessions New York & Chicago, 1965, 1966 & 1971 The Intimate Ellington The Ellington Suites This One's for Blanton! Up in Duke's Workshop Duke's Big 4 Mood Ellington

Live albums

Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
at Fargo, 1940 Live The Carnegie Hall Concerts: January 1943 The Carnegie Hall Concerts: December 1944 The Carnegie Hall Concerts: January 1946 The Carnegie Hall Concerts: December 1947 Ellington at Newport Dance Concerts, California 1958 Dance Dates, California 1958 Newport 1958 Jazz
Jazz
at the Plaza Vol. II Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
at the Alhambra Live at the Blue Note The Great Paris
Paris
Concert A Concert of Sacred Music In the Uncommon Market Soul Call Yale Concert 70th Birthday Concert Togo Brava Suite Live at the Whitney Third Sacred Concert Eastbourne Performance

Collaborations

with Alice Babs

Serenade to Sweden

with Count Basie

First Time! The Count Meets the Duke

with Teresa Brewer

It Don't Mean a Thing If It Ain't Got That Swing

with Rosemary Clooney

Blue Rose

with John Coltrane

Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
& John Coltrane

with Ella Fitzgerald

Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald
Sings the Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
Song Book Ella at Duke's Place The Stockholm Concert, 1966 Ella and Duke at the Cote D'Azur

with Coleman Hawkins

Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
Meets Coleman Hawkins

with Frank Sinatra

Francis A. & Edward K.

Compositions

"African Flower" "All Too Soon" "Azure" "Black and Tan Fantasy" "Black, Brown and Beige" "C Jam Blues" "Cotton Tail" "Day Dream" "Diminuendo and Crescendo in Blue" "Do Nothing Till You Hear from Me" "Don't Get Around Much Anymore" "Drop Me Off in Harlem" "Echoes of Harlem" "Everything but You" "I Ain't Got Nothin' but the Blues" "I Didn't Know About You" "I Got It Bad (and That Ain't Good)" "I Let a Song Go Out of My Heart" "I'm Beginning to See the Light" "I'm Just a Lucky So-and-So" "In a Mellow Tone" "In a Sentimental Mood" "It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)" "Just A-Sittin' and A-Rockin'" "Just Squeeze Me (But Please Don't Tease Me)" "The Mooche" "Mood Indigo" " Prelude to a Kiss" "Rocks in My Bed" "(In My) Solitude" "Sophisticated Lady"

Billy Strayhorn
Billy Strayhorn
compositions associated with Ellington

"Take the "A" Train" "Lush Life" "Chelsea Bridge" "Something to Live For" "Satin Doll" "Blood Count"

Juan Tizol
Juan Tizol
compositions associated with Ellington

"Caravan" "Perdido"

Orchestra members

Hayes Alvis Cat Anderson Ivie Anderson Harold Ashby Alice Babs Shorty Baker Butch Ballard Art Baron Aaron Bell Louie Bellson Joe Benjamin Barney Bigard Lou Blackburn Jimmy Blanton Wellman Braud Lawrence Brown Harry Carney Johnny Coles Willie Cook Buster Cooper Kay Davis Wild Bill Davis Wilbur de Paris Bobby Durham Mercer Ellington Rolf Ericson Jimmy Forrest Victor Gaskin Peter Giger Tyree Glenn Paul Gonsalves Sonny Greer Fred Guy Jimmy Hamilton Otto Hardwick Rick Henderson Al Hibbler Johnny Hodges Major Holley Charlie Irvis Quentin Jackson Hilton Jefferson Herb Jeffries Freddie Jenkins Money Johnson Herbie Jones Taft Jordan Al Killian Queen Esther Marrow Wendell Marshall Murray McEachern Louis Metcalf James "Bubber" Miley Harold "Geezil" Minerve Ray Nance Tricky Sam Nanton Oscar Pettiford Eddie Preston Russell Procope Junior Raglin Betty Roché Ernie Royal Al Sears Joya Sherrill Willie Smith Elmer Snowden Rex Stewart Billy Strayhorn Billy Taylor Clark Terry Juan Tizol Norris Turney Ben Webster Arthur Whetsol Cootie Williams Nelson Williams Skippy Williams Booty Wood Jimmy Woode Britt Woodman Sam Woodyard

Filmography

Black and Tan Check and Double Check Belle of the Nineties Murder at the Vanities Jam Session Cabin in the Sky Anatomy of a Murder Paris
Paris
Blues Assault on a Queen Change of Mind

Related

Mercer Ellington
Mercer Ellington
(son) Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
Bridge Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
House Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
School of the Arts Luther Henderson Irving Mills Sophisticated Ladies Play On! Sacred Concerts

.