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PARBOLD is a large commuter village and civil parish in Lancashire
Lancashire
, England.

CONTENTS

* 1 Local government * 2 Location * 3 History * 4 Amenities * 5 Local sport * 6 Notable residents * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Parbold
Parbold
had a population of 2,582 at the 2011 Census.

West Lancashire
Lancashire
is divided into 19 parish councils, the first tier of local government. Parbold
Parbold
is bordered by Hilldale to the north, Wrightington to the east, Dalton to the south and Newburgh to the west.

Until the late 19th century, Parbold
Parbold
was part of the parish of Eccleston and the Leyland Hundred , or Leylandshire, an ancient subdivision of Lancashire
Lancashire
that included Brindle , Chorley , Croston , Penwortham and Standish . From 1894 to 1974 Parbold
Parbold
was part of the Wigan Rural District , along with Dalton , Haigh , Shevington
Shevington
, Worthington and Wrightington .

LOCATION

Sign at the top of Parbold
Parbold
Hill showing which landmarks can be seen in different directions

Parbold
Parbold
lies in the valley of the River Douglas , at the bottom of Parbold
Parbold
Hill, about three miles west of junction 27 of the M6 motorway on the A5209. The village can also be reached by rail on the line from Manchester
Manchester
to Southport
Southport
. Close to the village centre the Leeds and Liverpool Canal passes over the River Douglas. The nearest sizable towns are Skelmersdale (about 3 miles away), Burscough (3½ miles), Ormskirk
Ormskirk
(6 miles), and Chorley (7 miles).

The village is dominated by Parbold
Parbold
Hill which rises to 400 feet above sea level. On the hill lies the famous " Parbold
Parbold
Bottle", now restored. This is a stone monument about 6½ feet high, so called because it vaguely resembles a giant bottle. Built in 1832 to commemorate the Reform Act , the Bottle is visible from the canal. Parbold
Parbold
Bottle

Wood Lane, just off the main road, also has views of the surrounding countryside.

HISTORY

View of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
through the village. Parbold
Parbold
Hill can be seen in the background.

The earliest known reference to Parbold
Parbold
is in the late 12th century, where grants of land were made to nearby Burscough Priory (pronounced Bursk-owe). After the Norman conquest , Parbold
Parbold
was part of the Barony of Manchester
Manchester
. Little development occurred from this time to the mid 18th century. Parbold
Parbold
became a civil parish in 1894.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, a number of coal mines worked nearby, rather meagre, seams; hard sandstone was also quarried. Both coal and sandstone could be exported over the waterways; boatbuilding was a minor economic activity in Parbold
Parbold
around this time. The old windmill that is located next to the canal replaced an earlier water cornmill which once stood on Alder Lane, and was in use until 1985.

Parbold railway station , built in the mid 19th century by the Lancashire
Lancashire
and Yorkshire Railway , radically altered the village; it allowed middle class workers to live in Parbold
Parbold
and commute to urban areas throughout the north-west . In recent years a direct hourly service has operated to Manchester
Manchester
Airport railway station giving quick access (less than 1 hour and 15 minutes journey time) to flights from Manchester
Manchester
Airport . The railway station also provided a natural centre for the village which it still is today.

Parbold's war memorial is in the local Anglican
Anglican
church, Christ Church, near the top of Parbold
Parbold
Hill. The village's other church – Our Lady and All Saints – was consecrated by Bishop Robert Cornthwaite on 28 May 1884.

AMENITIES

Parbold
Parbold
has two churches, two primary schools and a nursery, a library built in 1989, a purpose-built village hall which doubles as a cinema and community centre, a telephone exchange, a doctor\'s surgery, a bank, a sub post office and a number of other shops including a pharmacy , a newsagent, an estate agent, two hairdressers and both Chinese and Indian takeaways plus a greengrocery . There are three pubs along the main road through the centre of the village – the Railway, the Windmill and the Stocks Tavern. The windmill in the village was built in 1794 but has not milled since about 1850 and is now a gallery for James Bartholomew. The bank is a branch of "The Royal Bank of Scotland " (having been formerly "Williams border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Lancashire
Lancashire
portal

* Listed buildings in Parbold

REFERENCES

* ^ "Civil Ward population 2011". Retrieved 17 January 2016. * ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 17 January 2016. * ^ "Greater Manchester
Manchester
Gazetteer". Greater Manchester
Manchester
County Record Office. Place Names T to W. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. * ^ Welsh, Mary (2013). Walking in Lancashire: 40 Walks around the County. Cicerone Press Limited. ISBN 978-1849658232 . * ^ Parbold. Information Britain * ^ A B C D E Virgoe, J. M. (1994). A History of Parbold. Carnegie. ISBN 978-0948789779 . * ^ "Parbold". West Lancashire
Lancashire
Borough Council. * ^ Beattie, Gordon (1997). Gregory's Angels. Gracewing Publishing. ISBN 978-0852443866 . * ^ History of Parbold
Parbold
Library, County Library and Information Service. * ^ James Bartholomew RSMA. jamesbartholomew.co.uk * ^ Parbold
Parbold
FC - 2006/07. webteams.co.uk. * ^ Parbold
Parbold
FC - 2009/10. webteams.co.uk. * ^ Parbold
Parbold
Hill Race at skemboundaryharriers.co.uk * ^ The Times. Obituary. 24 July 2014 * ^ Hugh Wood, Music