HOME
The Info List - Parasparopagraho Jivanam


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i)

PARASPAROPAGRAHO JīVāNāM ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
) is a Jain aphorism from the Tattvārtha Sūtra . It is translated as "Souls render service to one another". It is also translated as, "All life is bound together by mutual support and interdependence." These translations are virtually the same (by virtue, that is), because Jains believe that every living being, from a plant or a bacterium to human, has a soul and the concept forms the very basis of Jainism. ("Soul".. )

MOTTO OF JAINISM

The aphorism Parasparopagraho Jīvānām has been accepted as the motto of Jainism. It stresses the philosophy of non-violence and ecological harmony on which the Jain ethics and doctrine—especially the doctrines of Ahimsa and Anekantavada —are based. This motto is inscribed in Devanagari
Devanagari
script at the base of the symbol of Jainism which was adopted by all sects of Jainism
Jainism
while commemorating the 2500th anniversary of nirvana of Mahavira
Mahavira
.

JAIN DECLARATION OF NATURE

The noted Indian Jurist and Jain leader, Laxmi Mall Singhvi
Laxmi Mall Singhvi
in his famous "Jain declaration of Nature", notes:

Māhavīra proclaimed a profound truth for all times to come when he said: "One who neglects or disregards the existence of earth, air, fire, water and vegetation disregards his own existence which is entwined with them." Jain cosmology
Jain cosmology
recognizes the fundamental natural phenomenon of symbiosis or mutual dependence, which forms the basis of the modern day science of ecology. It is relevant to recall that the term `ecology’ was coined in the latter half of the nineteenth century from the Greek word oikos, meaning `home’, a place to which one returns. Ecology is the branch of biology which deals with the relations of organisms to their surroundings and to other organisms. The ancient Jain scriptural aphorism PARASPAROPAGRAHO JīVāNāM (All life is bound together by mutual support and interdependence) is refreshingly contemporary in its premise and perspective. It defines the scope of modern ecology while extending it further to a more spacious ‘home’. It means that all aspects of nature belong together and are bound in a physical as well as a metaphysical relationship. Life is viewed as a gift of togetherness, accommodation and assistance in a universe teeming with interdependent constituents.

As this article relates to ever more modern (or ecologically extinct) considerations of nature and science, the two translations of Parasparopagraho Jīvānām may also be put into context among the first known postulations for the existence of unseen microbial life and atomic particles, which have been attributed to the Jains, although what perhaps distinguished their concepts from scientific thought alone was in the mindset of those Jains, as they went about this without disturbing nature in order to understand it, considering that Jainism
Jainism
is based on a religious premise in the real world where least harm would be most enlightening. ("Pre-microbiology".. "Atomism".. "Timeline of atomic and subatomic physics".. )

Part of a series on

JAINISM

Jain prayers

* Bhaktamara Stotra * Micchami Dukkadam * Ṇamōkāra mantra * Jai Jinendra

Philosophy

* Anekantavada * Cosmology * Ahimsa * Karma * Dharma * Mokṣa * Kevala Jnana * Dravya
Dravya
* Tattva * Brahmacharya
Brahmacharya
* Aparigraha
Aparigraha
* Gunasthana * Saṃsāra

Ethics

* Ethics of Jainism
Jainism
* Sallekhana

Major figures

* The 24 Tirthankaras * Rishabha * Pārśva * Mahavira
Mahavira
* Arihant * Ganadhara
Ganadhara
* Kundakunda
Kundakunda
* Siddhasena
Siddhasena
* Samantabhadra * Haribhadra
Haribhadra
* Yashovijaya
Yashovijaya

Major sects

* Digambara
Digambara
* Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara

Texts

* Agama * Tattvartha Sutra
Tattvartha Sutra
* Dravyasamgraha
Dravyasamgraha
* Kalpa Sūtra
Kalpa Sūtra

Other

* History * Jain flag
Jain flag
* Jain symbols
Jain symbols
* Parasparopagraho Jivanam * Schools and Branches * Timeline * Topics list

Festivals

* Diwali
Diwali
* Mahavir Jayanti
Mahavir Jayanti
* Paryushana
Paryushana
* Samvatsari
Samvatsari

Pilgrimages Tirth

* Abu * Palitana * Girnar * Shikharji * Shravanabelagola
Shravanabelagola

Jainism
Jainism
portal

* v * t * e

REFERENCES

* ^ Tatia, Nathmal (tr.) (1994). Tattvārtha Sūtra: That Which Is of Vācaka Umāsvāti (in Sanskrit
Sanskrit
and English). Lanham, Maryland: Rowman Altamira. ISBN 0-7619-8993-5 . p.131 * ^ Sangave, Dr. Vilas A. (2001). Facets of Jainology: Selected Research Papers on Jain Society, Religion, and Culture. Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. p. 123. ISBN 81-7154-839-3 . * ^ Encyclopedia of Jainism
Jainism
(Edited by Nagendra Kr. Singh). New Delhi: Anmol Publications. 2001. ISBN 81-261-0691-3 . pp.2926-27 * ^ Singhvi, L. M. (2006). "Jain Declaration of Nature". In Christopher Key Chapple. Jainism
Jainism
and Ecology: Nonviolence in the Web of Life. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. ISBN 81-208-2045-2 . p.217

* v * t * e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

GODS

* Tirthankara * Ganadhara
Ganadhara
* Arihant

PHILOSOPHY

* Ethics

* Ahimsa

* Epistemology

* Kevala Jñāna

* Jaina logic

* Anekāntavāda

* Jain cosmology
Jain cosmology

* Siddhashila * Naraka * Heavenly beings

* Karma

* Types * Causes

* Gunasthana

* Dravya
Dravya

* Jīva

* Ajiva
Ajiva

* Pudgala * Dharma

* Tattva

* Asrava * Bandha * Samvara * Nirjara * Mokṣa

* Death * Saṃsāra * Ratnatraya * Kashaya

BRANCHES

DIGAMBARA

* Mula Sangha
Mula Sangha

* Balatkara Gana * Kashtha Sangha

* Taran Panth
Taran Panth
* Bispanthi * Terapanth * Yapaniya

ŚVēTāMBARA

* Murtipujaka

* Gaccha

* Kharatara * Tapa * Tristutik

* Sthānakavāsī * Terapanth

PRACTICES

* Sallekhana

* Meditation

* Sāmāyika

* Monasticism * Vegetarianism * Fasting * Rituals

* Festivals

* Paryushana
Paryushana
* Kshamavani * Mahamastakabhisheka

* Upadhan * Tapas * Pratikramana

LITERATURE

* Agama

* Shatkhandagama * Kasayapahuda

* Mantra

* Namokar Mantra * Bhaktamara Stotra

* Tattvartha Sutra
Tattvartha Sutra
* Samayasāra * Aptamimamsa
Aptamimamsa
* Kalpa Sūtra
Kalpa Sūtra

SYMBOLS

* Jain flag
Jain flag
* Siddhachakra

* Ashtamangala

* Shrivatsa * Nandavarta

* Auspicious dreams * Swastika
Swastika

ASCETICS

* Digambara
Digambara
monk * Aryika * Kshullak * Pattavali * Acharya

SCHOLARS

* Nalini Balbir * Colette Caillat * Chandabai * John E. Cort * Paul Dundas * Virchand Gandhi * Hermann Jacobi * Champat Rai Jain * Padmanabh Jaini * Jeffery D. Long * Hampa Nagarajaiah * Claudia Pastorino * Bal Patil * Jinendra Varni

COMMUNITY

* Śrāvaka * Sarak
Sarak
* Tamil

* Organisations

* Digambar Jain Mahasabha * Vishwa Jain Sangathan * JAINA
JAINA

JAINISM IN

INDIA

* Bundelkhand * Delhi * Goa * Gujarat * Haryana

* Karnataka

* North

* Kerala

* Maharashtra

* Mumbai

* Rajasthan * Uttar Pradesh

OVERSEAS

* Canada * Europe * United States * Japan * Singapore * Hong Kong * Pakistan * Belgium * Africa * Southeast Asia * Australia

JAINISM AND

* Buddhism * Hinduism * Islam * Sikhism * Non-creationism

DYNASTIES AND EMPIRES

* Ikshvaku * Maurya * Kalinga * Kadamba * Ganga * Chalukya * Rashtrakuta * Hoysala * Pandayan

RELATED

* History

* Timeline

* Pañca-Parameṣṭhi * Pratima * Śalākāpuruṣa * Tirtha * Samavasarana

* Jain calendar

* Samvatsari
Samvatsari

* Panch Kalyanaka * Statue of Ahimsa * Temple * Sculpture * Art * Law * Nigoda * Jain terms and concepts
Jain terms and concepts
* Sexual differences

LISTS

* List of Jains * List of Jain temples
List of Jain temples
* List of Jain ascetics * List of Digambar Jain ascetics * Topics List (index)

NAVBOXES

* Gods * Literature * Monks ">

* PORTAL * COMMONS * WIKIQUOTE *

.