HOME
The Info List - Parameshashakti


--- Advertisement ---



(i)

ARTS

* Bharatanatyam
Bharatanatyam
* Kathak
Kathak
* Kathakali
Kathakali
* Kuchipudi
Kuchipudi
* Manipuri * Mohiniyattam
Mohiniyattam
* Odissi * Sattriya
Sattriya
* Bhagavata Mela * Yakshagana
Yakshagana
* Dandiya Raas
Dandiya Raas
* Carnatic music
Carnatic music

RITES OF PASSAGE

* Garbhadhana
Garbhadhana
* Pumsavana * Simantonayana * Jatakarma
Jatakarma
* Namakarana * Nishkramana * Annaprashana
Annaprashana
* Chudakarana * Karnavedha * Vidyarambha * Upanayana
Upanayana
* Keshanta * Ritushuddhi * Samavartana * Vivaha * Antyeshti

ASHRAMA DHARMA

* Ashrama : Brahmacharya
Brahmacharya
* Grihastha
Grihastha
* Vanaprastha
Vanaprastha
* Sannyasa
Sannyasa

FESTIVALS

* Diwali
Diwali
* Holi
Holi
* Shivaratri

* Navaratri
Navaratri

* Durga
Durga
Puja * Ramlila
Ramlila
* Vijayadashami-Dussehra

* Raksha Bandhan
Raksha Bandhan
* Ganesh Chaturthi
Ganesh Chaturthi
* Vasant Panchami
Vasant Panchami
* Rama
Rama
Navami * Janmashtami * Onam
Onam
* Makar Sankranti
Makar Sankranti
* Kumbha Mela * Pongal * Ugadi
Ugadi

* Vaisakhi
Vaisakhi

* Bihu
Bihu
* Puthandu
Puthandu
* Vishu
Vishu

* Ratha Yatra

Gurus, saints, philosophers ANCIENT

* Agastya
Agastya
* Angiras * Aruni
Aruni
* Ashtavakra
Ashtavakra
* Atri
Atri
* Bharadwaja
Bharadwaja
* Gotama * Jamadagni
Jamadagni
* Jaimini
Jaimini
* Kanada * Kapila * Kashyapa
Kashyapa
* Pāṇini
Pāṇini
* Patanjali
Patanjali
* Raikva
Raikva
* Satyakama Jabala
Satyakama Jabala
* Valmiki
Valmiki
* Vashistha
Vashistha
* Vishvamitra
Vishvamitra
* Vyasa
Vyasa
* Yajnavalkya
Yajnavalkya

MEDIEVAL

* Nayanars
Nayanars
* Alvars
Alvars
* Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
* Basava
Basava
* Akka Mahadevi
Akka Mahadevi
* Allama Prabhu
Allama Prabhu
* Siddheshwar
Siddheshwar
* Jñāneśvar * Chaitanya * Gangesha Upadhyaya * Gaudapada
Gaudapada
* Gorakshanath
Gorakshanath
* Jayanta Bhatta * Kabir
Kabir
* Kumarila Bhatta * Matsyendranath * Mahavatar Babaji * Madhusudana * Madhva * Haridasa Thakur
Haridasa Thakur
* Namdeva * Nimbarka * Prabhakara * Raghunatha Siromani * Ramanuja
Ramanuja
* Sankardev * Purandara Dasa
Purandara Dasa
* Kanaka Dasa
Kanaka Dasa
* Ramprasad Sen
Ramprasad Sen
* Jagannatha Dasa * Vyasaraya * Sripadaraya
Sripadaraya
* Raghavendra Swami * Gopala Dasa * Śyāma Śastri * Vedanta
Vedanta
Desika * Tyagaraja
Tyagaraja
* Tukaram
Tukaram
* Tulsidas * Vachaspati Mishra * Vallabha * Vidyaranya

MODERN

* Aurobindo * Bhaktivinoda Thakur
Bhaktivinoda Thakur
* Chinmayananda
Chinmayananda
* Dayananda Saraswati
Saraswati
* Mahesh Yogi
Yogi
* Jaggi Vasudev * Krishnananda Saraswati
Saraswati
* Narayana Guru
Narayana Guru
* Prabhupada * Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
* Ramana Maharshi
Ramana Maharshi
* Radhakrishnan * Sarasvati * Sivananda * U. G. Krishnamurti * Sai Baba * Vivekananda * Nigamananda * Yogananda * Ramachandra Dattatrya Ranade
Ramachandra Dattatrya Ranade
* Tibbetibaba * Trailanga

Society

* VARNA

*

* Brahmin
Brahmin
* Kshatriya * Vaishya
Vaishya
* Shudra

* Dalit
Dalit
* Jati

* Denominations * Persecution * Nationalism * Hindutva
Hindutva

Other topics

* HINDUISM BY COUNTRY

* Balinese Hinduism
Hinduism
* Criticism * Calendar * Iconography * Mythology * PILGRIMAGE SITES

* Hinduism
Hinduism
and Jainism / and Buddhism / and Sikhism / and Judaism / and Christianity / and Islam

* Glossary of Hinduism
Hinduism
terms * Hinduism
Hinduism
portal

* v * t * e

PARAMESHASHAKTI in Hinduism
Hinduism
is the power of Parameshwara or Ishvara
Ishvara
, the conditioned Brahman
Brahman
. It is Maya , the anadyavidya (the beginningless avidya ) that has no reality in the absolute sense but is superior to its effects and inferred by them, hence, also called, avyakta . It is established by ikshana ("seeing", "thinking"), by samkalpa ("purposing") and parinama ("transformation"). Parameshashakti
Parameshashakti
gives birth to this entire world. Therefore, it is Prakrti .( Vivekachudamani
Vivekachudamani
.110)

CONTENTS

* 1 Qualities * 2 Vikshepashakti * 3 Avaranashakti * 4 Jnanashakti * 5 Implication * 6 References

QUALITIES

Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
qualifies Parameshashakti
Parameshashakti
or the power that is Maya , as – It is not sat ("real"), not asat ("unreal"), not both; it is not bhinna ("different"), not abhinna ("not non-different"), "not both".( Vivekachudamani
Vivekachudamani
.111) Sri Chandrasekhara Bharati of Srngeri explains that what is never experienced at any time by anybody is unreal and there is no non-existence for what is real. Because it is not possible to determine if it is real or unreal this shakti is anirvchaniya ("indescribable").

Paramesasakti is trigunatmika i.e. possesses three qualities – Rajas, Tamas and Sattva, and therefore, comprises three powers – Vikshepashakti, "the power of projection" (projecting differently) which pertains to rajoguna, Avaranashakti, the "power of concealment" (concealing the real nature of things) which pertains to tamoguna and Jnanashakti which is reflected in sattvaguna. The first two are causes of bondage; the third makes for liberation . Vikshepashakti sets in motion the beginningless samsara connected with the Jiva
Jiva
and also with Ishvara
Ishvara
who is the cause of the creation of the world and which creation is effected by this shakti. Rajas and Tamas hinder Jiva’s spiritual uplift.

VIKSHEPASHAKTI

Vikshepashakti pertains to Rajoguna and is of the nature of activity. Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
states that from it is the well-known ancient samsaric procession and from it issue forth always attachment, pain etc., which are modifications of the mind; and that desire, anger, avarice, pride, jealousy, egoism, envy, niggardliness etc., these are its terrible characteristics that are inducements to actions of men, by the process of superimposition they are all imagined in the Jiva
Jiva
and cause bondage. ( Vivekachudamani
Vivekachudamani
. 113-4). It is the power that projects the unreal on the real to delude the Jiva.

AVARANASHAKTI

Avarnashakti pertains to Tamo guna whose effects are – ignorance, apathy, sloth, sleep, negligence, foolishness, etc. Adi Shankara states that it makes for the wrong projection of objects differently from what they are and is the root cause of the functioning of the projecting power and the original cause for the procession of samsara. Procession of samsara means – "Man’s transmigration". The person overpowered by tamoguna and this shakti does not see clearly because it envelopes the nature of an object and makes it appear otherwise; he considers what is super-imposed by his delusion as true and attaches himself to its qualities. The concealing power of this shakti makes for untold hardships.( Vivekachudamani
Vivekachudamani
.115-6)

JNANASHAKTI

Jnanashakti pertains to Sattvaguna whose effects are – limpidity of mind, realisation of one’s own self, supreme peace, contentment, great joy and being anchored in the Paramatman always which ensures the enjoyment of bliss without intermission. Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
states that sattva is very pure yet in combination with rajas and tamas it makes for samsara in the same way as the original which is the atman when reflected makes the entire inanimate world bright as the sun does. The effects of this shakti are – complete absence of pride etc., the presence of yama ("self-restraint") and niyama ("practice of prescribed acts" etc.,), longing for liberation, of divine tendencies, and withdrawal from whatever is not real. ( Vivekachudamani
Vivekachudamani
.119-121)

IMPLICATION

Parameshashakti
Parameshashakti
on account of its three gunas and three powers/shaktis creates the gross body, the subtle body and the causal body of the individual self, the Anatman , which then gets connected with all three states of consciousness. This shakti prepares the Jiva to experience existence and for the fourth state of consciousness. The three constituents of matter, sattva, tamas and rajas, which make the world, and the world itself are not permanent, they go on changing, they have names and forms and are constituted by a gradation of happiness and sorrow. Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
explains that unembodiedness (i.e. the state of not being identified with the body) is not the product of virtuous deeds, for unembodiedness is inherent in the Self. Liberation is different from results of works. Liberation is Brahman
Brahman
.

REFERENCES

* ^ Sri Candrasekhara Bharati of Srngeri. Sri Samkara’s Vivekacudamani. Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. p. 127. * ^ Vidyashankar. "Sankara and the nature of Avidya". * ^ Sri Candrasekhara Bharati of Srngeri. Sri Samkara’s Vivekacudamani. Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. p. 128. * ^ Sri Candrasekhara Bharati of Srngeri. Sri Samkara’s Vivekacudamani. Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. p. 129. * ^ Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
(1980). Self-knowledge. New York: Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center. p. 51. ISBN 9780911206111 . * ^ Adi Shankara. Brahma-Sutra-Bhasya. Kolkata: Advaita Ashrama. pp. 27–28.

* v * t * e

Indian philosophy
Indian philosophy

TOPICS

* Atheism * Atomism * Idealism * Logic * Monotheism * Vedic philosophy

ĀSTIKA

* Hindu
Hindu
: Samkhya
Samkhya
* Nyaya
Nyaya
* Vaisheshika * Yoga
Yoga
* Mīmāṃsā
Mīmāṃsā

* Vedanta
Vedanta

* Acintya bheda abheda * Advaita * Bhedabheda * Dvaita
Dvaita
* Dvaitadvaita * Shuddhadvaita
Shuddhadvaita
* Vishishtadvaita
Vishishtadvaita

* Shaiva
Shaiva

* Pratyabhijña * Pashupata Shaivism
Shaivism
* Shaiva
Shaiva
Siddhanta

NāSTIKA

* Ājīvika
Ājīvika
* Ajñana * Cārvāka

* Jain

* Anekantavada
Anekantavada
* Syādvāda

* Buddhist philosophy
Buddhist philosophy
and Early Buddhist schools

* Śūnyatā
Śūnyatā
* Madhyamaka * Yogacara
Yogacara
* Sautrāntika * Svatantrika

TEXTS

* Abhinavabharati * Arthashastra * Bhagavad Gita
Bhagavad Gita
* Bhagavata Purana
Bhagavata Purana
* Brahma
Brahma
Sutra
Sutra
* Buddhist texts
Buddhist texts
* Dharmashastra
Dharmashastra
* Hindu
Hindu
texts * Jain Agamas
Jain Agamas
* Kamasutra
Kamasutra

* Mimamsa
Mimamsa
Sutras

* All 108 texts * Principal

* Nyāya Sūtras
Nyāya Sūtras
* Nyayakusumanjali * Panchadasi
Panchadasi
* Samkhyapravachana Sutra * Shiva
Shiva
Sutras * Tarka-Sangraha
Tarka-Sangraha
* Tattvacintāmaṇi

* Upanishads
Upanishads

* Minor

* Vaiśeṣika Sūtra * Vedangas * Vedas
Vedas
* Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
* Yoga Vasistha
Yoga Vasistha
* More...

PHILOSOPHERS

* Avatsara
Avatsara
* Uddalaka Aruni
Aruni
* Gautam Buddha
Gautam Buddha
* Yajnavalkya
Yajnavalkya
* Gargi Vachaknavi * Buddhaghosa
Buddhaghosa
* Patanjali
Patanjali
* Kanada * Kapila * Brihadratha Ikshvaku
Brihadratha Ikshvaku
* Jaimini
Jaimini
* Vyasa
Vyasa
* Chanakya
Chanakya
* Dharmakirti
Dharmakirti
* Akshapada Gotama
Akshapada Gotama
* Nagarjuna * Padmasambhava
Padmasambhava
* Vasubandhu * Gaudapada
Gaudapada
* Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
* Vivekananda * Dayananda Saraswati
Saraswati
* Ramanuja
Ramanuja
* Vedanta
Vedanta
Desika * Raikva
Raikva
* Sadananda * Sakayanya * Satyakama Jabala
Satyakama Jabala
* Madhvacharya
Madhvacharya
* Mahavira
Mahavira
* Guru Nanak
Guru Nanak
* Vidyaranya * More...

CONCEPTS

* Abhava
Abhava
* Abhasavada * Abheda * Adarsana
Adarsana
* Adrishta
Adrishta
* Advaita * Aham * Aishvarya * Akrodha
Akrodha
* Aksara
Aksara
* Anatta
Anatta
* Ananta * Anavastha * Anupalabdhi
Anupalabdhi
* Apauruṣheyā * Artha
Artha
* Asiddhatva * Asatkalpa
Asatkalpa
* Ātman * Avyakta
Avyakta
* Brahman
Brahman
* Brahmi sthiti * Bhuman * Bhumika
Bhumika
* Chaitanya * Chidabhasa * Cittabhumi * Dāna
Dāna
* Devatas * Dharma
Dharma
* Dhi * Dravya
Dravya
* Dhrti
Dhrti
* Ekagrata * Guṇa
Guṇa
* Hitā
Hitā
* Idam
Idam
* Ikshana * Ishvaratva * Jivatva * Kama
Kama
* Karma
Karma
* Kasaya * Kshetrajna * Lakshana * Mithyatva * Mokṣa * Nididhyasana
Nididhyasana
* Nirvāṇa * Niyama
Niyama
* Padārtha * Paramatman * Paramananda * Parameshashakti * Parinama-vada * Pradhana
Pradhana
* Prajna * Prakṛti * Pratibimbavada * Pratītyasamutpāda
Pratītyasamutpāda
* Puruṣa * Rājamaṇḍala * Ṛta
Ṛta
* Sakshi * Samadhi
Samadhi
* Saṃsāra * Sankalpa * Satya * Satkaryavada
Satkaryavada
* Shabda Brahman
Brahman
* Sphoṭa * Sthiti * Śūnyatā
Śūnyatā
* Sutram
Sutram
* Svātantrya * Iccha-mrityu * Syādvāda * Taijasa * Tajjalan
Tajjalan
* Tanmatra * Tyāga * Uparati
Uparati
* Upekkhā * Utsaha * Vivartavada * Viraj
Viraj
* Yamas
Yamas
* Yoga
Yoga

.