The Papal Palace of Castel Gandolfo, or the Apostolic Palace of Castel
Gandolfo from its Italian name Palazzo Apostolico di Castel Gandolfo,
is a 17th-century 135-acre papal palace in the city of Castel
Gandolfo, Italy. A museum since October 2016, it had served for
centuries as a summer residence and vacation retreat for the pope, the
leader of the Catholic Church, and as such was afforded
extraterritorial status as one of the properties of the Holy See.
2 See also
"The oldest parts of the castle date back to the 13th century," said
Saverio Petrillo, whose title is director of the Papal villas. "It was
acquired by the Vatican in 1596 when the Savelli family, who owned it,
were unable to pay a debt to the Papacy."
The gardens occupy the site of a residence of the Roman Emperor
Domitian. The palace was designed by
Swiss-Italian architect Carlo
Pope Urban VIII. Popes have used the properties as a
summer residence and vacation retreat, except for the years between
1870 and 1929 when the popes, in dispute with
Italy over territorial
claims, did not leave Vatican City.
Pope Pius XI had the facilities
modernized and began using the retreat again in 1934. In accordance
Lateran Treaty of 1929, the palace and the adjoining Villa
Barberini added to the complex by
Pope Pius XI are extraterritorial
properties of the Holy See.
During World War II, an unknown number of Jewish refugees took shelter
at the palace under the protection of the Holy See and many people
used the site as a refuge from Allied bombing raids in 1944, though
more than 500 people died in one such attack.
Pope Pius XII died at the palace in 1958 as did
Pope Paul VI in
Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II had a swimming pool built at the Palace, which was
criticized by some. Paparazzi used the opportunity to take photos of
Pope Benedict XVI flew to the palace at the conclusion of his papacy
on 28 February 2013 and spent several weeks there before returning
to Vatican City on 2 May.
On 23 March 2013,
Pope Francis visited Benedict XVI at the palace for
lunch. On 7 December 2013,
Pope Francis named Osvaldo Gianoli as
the Director of the Pontifical Villas of Castel Gandolfo. In March
2014, the Vatican opened the Barberini Gardens to paid visitors on
guided tours during morning hours every day but Sunday.
On 21 October 2016, it was opened to the public for viewing.
When asked by
Reuters journalist Philip Pullella if the building would
once again become a papal apartment,
Castel Gandolfo mayor Milvia
Monachesi stated that "the fact that the palace is now a museum will
make a reversal in the future difficult."
Vatican City portal
17th century in architecture
List of palaces in Italy
^ a b Pullella, Philip (2016-10-21). "Papal summer residence, shunned
by Francis, opened to public". Reuters. Retrieved 2017-01-19.
^ "A rare glimpse inside the remote retreat
Pope Benedict XVI is soon
to call home".
^ a b Johnson, Alan (23 March 2013). "
Pope Francis visits Benedict XVI
at Castel Gandolfo". BBC. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
^ a b c d Schlott, René (28 February 2013). "Castel Gandolfo: The
Colorful History of the Pope's Summer Home". Spiegel International.
Retrieved 3 March 2014.
^ Cortesi, Arnaldo (9 October 1958). "Pontiff 19 Years". New York
Times. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
^ Tanner, Henry (7 August 1978). "Election to be Held". New York
Times. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
^ "Castel Gandolfo: The Colorful History of the Pope's Summer Home".
Spiegel.de. Retrieved 2017-01-19.
^ Donadio, Rachel (28 February 2013). "Discord Remains at Vatican as
Pope Benedict Departs". New York Times. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
^ Povoledo, Elisabetta (2 May 2013). "With Benedict's Return, Vatican
Experiment Begins". New York Times. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
^ "Nomina del Direttore delle Ville Pontificie di Castelgandolfo".
Vatican Press Office. 7 December 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
^ "Bergoglio opens
Castel Gandolfo gardens to the public". Vatican
Insider. 3 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
Pope gives up another indulgence: His summer palace Religion News
Service". Religionnews.com. 2016-10-21. Retrieved 2017-01-19.
^ "The Popes Summer Residence Opens to the Public". Abcnews.go.com.
Petrillo, Saverio (1995). I papi a Castel Gandolfo. Velletri: Edizioni
Tra 8 & 9. OCLC 34817188.
Graziano, Nisio (2008). Dalla leggendaria Alba Longa a Castel
Gandolfo, Castel Gandolfo: Il Vecchio Focolare.
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Coordinates: 41°44′50″N 12°39′01″E / 41.7471°N