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War (originally called Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
and War) is an American funk band from Long Beach, California, known for several hit songs (including "Spill the Wine", "The World Is a Ghetto", "The Cisco Kid", "Why Can't We Be Friends?", "Low Rider", and "Summer").[5][6] Formed in 1969, War is a musical crossover band which fuses elements of rock, funk, jazz, Latin, rhythm and blues, and reggae.[1] Their album The World Is a Ghetto was the best-selling album of 1973.[7] The band also transcended racial and cultural barriers with a multi-ethnic line-up. War was also subject to many line-up changes over the course of its formation, leaving member Leroy "Lonnie" Jordan as the only original member in the current line-up; four other members created a new group called the Lowrider Band.

Contents

1 1960s: Beginnings 2 1970s: Height of popularity 3 1980s: The Music Band 4 1990s: Reformations 5 In the 21st century 6 Discography 7 Members 8 References 9 External links

1960s: Beginnings[edit] In 1962, Howard E. Scott and Harold Brown formed a group called The Creators in Long Beach, California. Within a few years, they had added Charles Miller, Morris "B. B." Dickerson and Lonnie Jordan
Lonnie Jordan
to the lineup. Lee Oskar
Lee Oskar
and Papa Dee Allen
Papa Dee Allen
later joined as well. They all shared a love of diverse styles of music, which they had absorbed living in the racially mixed Los Angeles ghettos. The Creators recorded several singles on Dore Records while working with Tjay Contrelli, a saxophonist from the band Love. In 1968, the Creators became Nightshift (named because Brown worked nights at a steel yard) and started performing with Deacon Jones, a football player and singer. The original War was conceived by record producer Jerry Goldstein ("My Boyfriend's Back", "Hang on Sloopy", "I Want Candy") and singer Eric Burdon (ex-lead singer of the British band the Animals). In 1969, Goldstein saw musicians who would eventually become War playing at the Rag Doll in North Hollywood, backing Deacon Jones, and he was attracted to the band's sound. Jordan claimed that the band's goal was to spread a message of brotherhood and harmony, using instruments and voices to speak out against racism, hunger, gangs, crimes, and turf wars, and promote hope and the spirit of brotherhood.[citation needed] Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
and War began playing live shows to audiences throughout Southern California
California
before entering into the studio to record their debut album Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
Declares "War". The album's best known track, "Spill the Wine", was a hit and launched the band's career. 1970s: Height of popularity[edit] Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
and War toured extensively across Europe and the United States. A reviewer from New Musical Express called War "the best live band I ever saw" after their first UK gig in London's Hyde Park.[citation needed] Their show at Ronnie Scott's Club in London on September 18, 1970 is historically notable for being the very last public performance for Jimi Hendrix,[8] who joined them onstage for the last 35 minutes of Burdon's & War's 2nd set; a day later he was dead. A second Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
and War album, a two-disc set titled The Black-Man's Burdon
The Black-Man's Burdon
was released in 1970, before Burdon left the band in the middle of its European tour. They finished the tour without him and returned to record their first album as War. War (1971) met with only modest success, but later that year, the band released All Day Music
All Day Music
which included the singles "All Day Music" and "Slippin' into Darkness". The latter single sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc by the R.I.A.A. in June 1972.[9] In 1972 they released The World Is a Ghetto
The World Is a Ghetto
which was even more successful. Its second single, "The Cisco Kid" shipped gold,[citation needed] and the album attained the number two spot on Billboard Hot 100 chart, and was Billboard magazine's Album of the Year as the best-selling album of 1973. The next album, Deliver the Word (1973) contained the hits "Gypsy Man" and a studio version of "Me and Baby Brother" (previously issued as a live recording), which peaked at #8 and #15 on the Billboard chart. The album went on to sell nearly two million copies.[citation needed] The next album, Why Can't We Be Friends?
Why Can't We Be Friends?
was released in 1975. It included "Low Rider" and the title track, which were among the band's biggest hits. In 1976, War released a greatest hits record which contained one new song "Summer", which, as a single, went gold and peaked at number 7 on the Billboard chart. Also released that year were Love is All Around by Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
and War, containing mostly unreleased recordings from 1969 and 1970, and Platinum Jazz, a one-off album for jazz label Blue Note. The latter double album had cover art to match the greatest hits album, and was half new material and half compilation, focusing on (but not restricted to) instrumental music. The group continued to attain success with their next album, Galaxy (1977) whose title single was inspired by Star Wars. War's next project was a soundtrack album for the movie Youngblood in 1978. 1980s: The Music Band[edit] In 1979, following the departure of B.B. Dickerson during recording sessions for their next album (replaced by Luther Rabb on bass who completed the album), the band considered changing their name to The Music Band, but decided at the last minute to continue as War, and use The Music Band
The Music Band
as the title of a series of albums. The series originally consisted of two studio albums (The Music Band, The Music Band 2, both in 1979) and a live album ( The Music Band
The Music Band
Live, 1980), but after the band left MCA in 1981 and had already made records for other labels, MCA expanded the series with a compilation (The Best of the Music Band, 1982) and a third original album of left-over material ( The Music Band
The Music Band
– Jazz, 1983). The group lost another member when Charles Miller (saxophone) was murdered in 1980. He had already been replaced by Pat Rizzo (ex Sly and the Family Stone) in 1979. Other new members joining at this time were Alice Tweed Smith (credited as "Tweed Smith" and "Alice Tweed Smyth" on various albums) on percussion and vocals (giving the band its first female vocalist), and Ronnie Hammon as a third drummer. After making the one-off single "Cinco de Mayo" for LA Records in 1981 (Jerry Goldstein's own label, which also reissued Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
Declares "War" under the title Spill the Wine
Spill the Wine
the same year), War signed with RCA Victor Records and recorded Outlaw (1982) which included the single plus additional singles "You Got the Power", "Outlaw", and "Just Because". It was followed by Life (is So Strange)
Life (is So Strange)
(1983) from which the title track was also a single. War's records from 1979 to 1983 were not as successful as those from the preceding decade, and after the two RCA albums, the band's activities became sporadic. They did not record another full album until a decade later. The 1987 compilation album The Best of War ...and More included two new tracks, "Livin' in the Red" and "Whose Cadillac Is That?", and a remixed version of "Low Rider" (in addition to the original version). Papa Dee Allen died of a brain aneurysm which struck him onstage in 1988. 1990s: Reformations[edit] Sampling of War by hip hop artists was prevalent enough to merit the compilation album Rap Declares War in 1992, which was sanctioned by the band. In 1993, War reformed with most surviving previous members (including original members Brown, Jordan, Oskar, and Scott, and later members Hammon and Rizzo), augmented by a large line-up of supporting musicians and still under the management and production of Jerry Goldstein, and released a new album, (Peace Sign) (1994). In 1996, the group attempted to gain independence from Goldstein, but were unable to do so under the name "War" which remains a trademark owned by Goldstein and Far Out Productions.[10] In response, Brown, Oskar, Scott, and a returning B.B. Dickerson (who had not worked with War since 1979) adopted a name which referenced one of War's biggest hits: Lowrider Band. They are yet to record a studio album. Lonnie Jordan
Lonnie Jordan
opted to remain with Goldstein and create a new version of War with himself as the only original member. Some other musicians who had joined between 1983 and 1993 were also part of the new line-up. Both the "new" War and the Lowrider Band
Lowrider Band
are currently active as live performance acts. 1996 also saw the release of a double CD compilation, Anthology (1970–1994), later updated in 2003 with a few track substitutions, as The Very Best of War. Another CD compilation from 1999, Grooves and Messages, included a second disc of remixes done by various producers. In the 21st century[edit] On 21 April 2008, Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
and Lonnie Jordan
Lonnie Jordan
reunited for the first time in 37 years to perform a concert as War at the London Royal Albert Hall. The other original surviving members were not asked to be a part of the reunion. The concert coincided with Avenue / Rhino Records' Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
and War reissues which included Eric Burdon Declares "War" and The Black-Man's Burdon, plus compilations The Best of Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
and War and Anthology. In 2008, Lonnie Jordan's edition of War released a live album / DVD of songs originally from 1969 to 1975: Greatest Hits Live. War were unsuccessfully nominated for 2009 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[11] There were rumours that Burdon would join them again in summer 2009, but it did not happen. In 2011, War played "Low Rider" and many other hits at the Rack n' Roll in Stamford, Connecticut with Remember September and Westchester School of Rock. In 2014 the new War released a studio album, Evolutionary. Also in 2014, War was a nominee for induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[12] Discography[edit] Main article: War discography Members[edit]

Original members

Howard E. Scott – guitar, lead vocals (1969-1994) Lee Oskar
Lee Oskar
– harmonica and vocals (1969–1994) Thomas "Papa Dee" Allen – percussion and vocals (1969–1988; died 1988) Charles Miller – saxophone and vocals (1969–1979; died 1980) B.B. Dickerson – bass and vocals (1969–1979) Leroy "Lonnie" Jordan – keyboards, vocals (1969–present) Harold Ray Brown – drums and vocals (1969–1994)

Current

Leroy "Lonnie" Jordan – keyboards, vocals (1969–present) Stuart Ziff – guitar, vocals (2002–present) Scott Martin – saxophone, flute (2017–present) Stanley Behrens – harmonica (2011–present) Sal Rodriguez – drums, percussion, vocals (1990–present) David "Pug" Rodriguez – percussion, vocals (2011–present) Marcos Reyes – percussion (1998–present)

Past

Pancho Tomaselli – bass, vocals (2003–February 2015) Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
– vocals (1969–1971) Harold Ray Brown – drums and vocals (1969–1994) Howard E. Scott – guitar and vocals (1969–1994) Lee Oskar
Lee Oskar
– harmonica and vocals (1969–1994) B.B. Dickerson – bass and vocals (1969–1979) Thomas "Papa Dee" Allen – percussion and vocals (1969–1988; died 1988) Charles Miller – saxophone and vocals (1969–1979; died 1980) Ron Hammon – drums and percussion (1979–1996) Pat Rizzo – saxophone, flute, and vocals (1979–1983, 1993–1995) Luther Rabb – bass and vocals (1979–1984) Alice Tweed Smith – percussion and vocals (1979–1981) Ricky Green – bass and vocals (1984–1989) Tetsuya "Tex" Nakamura – harmonica and vocals (1993–2006) Rae Valentine – keyboards, percussion, and vocals (1993–2001) Kerry Campbell – saxophone (1993–1998) Charles Green – saxophone and flute (1993–1995) J.B. Eckl – guitar and vocals (1994–1996) Smokey Greenwell – harmonica (1994–1996) Sandro Alberto – guitar and vocals (1996–1998) Richard Marquez – drums and percussion (1996–1997) Kenny Hudson – percussion (1997–1998) Fernando Harkless – saxophone (1998–2011) James Zota Baker – guitar, vocals (1998–2002) Mitch Kashmar – harmonica, vocals (2006–2011) David Urquidi – saxophone, flute (2011–present)

References[edit]

^ a b Allmusic biography page ^ Henderson, Alex. "War - Peace Sign". AllMusic. Retrieved January 15, 2017.  ^ Palmer, Robert (February 13, 1977). " Jazz
Jazz
Pop—A 'Failed Art Music' Makes Good". The New York Times. p. D20. Retrieved March 18, 2018. ...War, the black rock group.  ^ Hanson, Amy. "War - Deliver the Word". AllMusic. Retrieved January 15, 2017.  ^ Burdon, Eric; Craig, Jeff Marshall (2002-10-01). Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood. Da Capo Press. pp. 105–6. ISBN 978-1-56025-448-5. Retrieved April 25, 2011.  ^ Buckley, Peter (2003-10-28). The Rough Guide to Rock. Rough Guides. p. vii. ISBN 978-1-84353-105-0. Retrieved April 25, 2011.  ^ "Year End Charts - Year-end Albums - The Billboard 200". Billboard.com. Archived from the original on 2008-02-14. Retrieved 2009-08-06.  ^ Brown, Tony (1997). Jimi Hendrix: The Final Days. Omnibus Press. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-7119-5238-6.  ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 305. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.  ^ [1] Archived January 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ [2] Archived November 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Greene, Andy (2014-10-09). "Green Day, NIN, the Smiths Nominated for Rock Hall of Fame". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2015-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Official website War on IMDb Article documenting legal proceedings / history between Jerry Goldstein and original members of War Lowrider band

v t e

War

Lonnie Jordan Marcos Reyes Howard E. Scott Harold Ray Brown Lee Oskar Morris "B.B." Dickerson Charles Miller Eric Burdon Pat Rizzo J. B. Eckl

Albums

Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
Declares "War" (1970) The Black-Man's Burdon
The Black-Man's Burdon
(1970) Love Is All Around War (1971) All Day Music
All Day Music
(1971) The World Is a Ghetto
The World Is a Ghetto
(1972) Deliver the Word (1973) War Live (1974) Why Can't We Be Friends?
Why Can't We Be Friends?
(1975) Platinum Jazz
Jazz
(1976) Galaxy (1977) Youngblood (1978) The Music Band
The Music Band
(1979) The Music Band
The Music Band
2 (1979) Outlaw (1982) The Music Band – Jazz
Jazz
(1983) Life (Is So Strange)
Life (Is So Strange)
(1983) ☮ (Peace Sign) (1994)

v t e

Eric Burdon

Red Young Eric McFadden Billy Watts Terry Wilson Teresa James Wally Ingram Tony Braunagel

Martin Gerschwitz Bernie Pershey Aynsley Dunbar Neal Morse Dave Meros Brian Auger Robby Krieger Alvin Taylor

Studio albums

Eric Is Here Guilty! Sun Secrets Stop Survivor Darkness Darkness Last Drive Comeback Power Company I Used to Be an Animal My Secret Life Soul of a Man Mirage 'Til Your River Runs Dry

Live albums

That's Live Access All Areas Live at the Roxy The Official Live Bootleg #1 Live in Seattle 2002 Athens Traffic Live

Compilations

Wicked Man The Unreleased Eric Burdon The Comeback Soundtrack Sings The Animals' Greatest Hits Lost Within the Halls of Fame Misunderstood I'm Ready: The Unreleased Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
Vol. 2 Soldier of Fortune Absolutely the Best He Used To Be An Animal Tobacco Road Wild & Wicked The Hits Ultimate Rarities Vol. 1 Ultimate Rarities Vol. 2

Songs

Woman of the Rings Darkness, Darkness No More Elmore Dey Won't Power Company Sixteen Tons Kingsize Jones Como Se Llama Mama

Films

Comeback Finally Live at the Coachhouse The Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
Band Live Yes, You Can Go Home Live At The Ventura Beach California Episode

Bands

The Animals Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
and the (New) Animals Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
and War The Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
Band Eric Burdon's Fire Dept. Eric Burdon's I Band

Books

I Used To Be An Animal, But I'm Alright Now Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood: A Memoir

Concerts

Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
& War reunion at the Royal Albert Hall

Related articles

Eric Burdon
Eric Burdon
discography The Animals
The Animals
discography

v t e

Billboard Year-End number one albums

1956–1975

1956: Calypso – Harry Belafonte 1957: Music from My Fair Lady
My Fair Lady
– Original Cast 1958: Music from My Fair Lady
My Fair Lady
– Original Cast 1959: The Music from Peter Gunn
The Music from Peter Gunn
– Henry Mancini 1960: Music from The Sound of Music
The Sound of Music
– Original Cast 1961: Camelot – Original Cast 1962: West Side Story – Soundtrack 1963: West Side Story – Soundtrack 1964: Music from Hello, Dolly! – Original Cast 1965: Music from Mary Poppins – Soundtrack 1966: Whipped Cream & Other Delights – Herb Alpert
Herb Alpert
& the Tijuana Brass 1967: More of the Monkees
More of the Monkees
– The Monkees 1968: Are You Experienced
Are You Experienced
– The Jimi Hendrix
Jimi Hendrix
Experience 1969: In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida – Iron Butterfly 1970: Bridge over Troubled Water
Bridge over Troubled Water
– Simon & Garfunkel 1971: Jesus Christ Superstar – Soundtrack 1972: Harvest – Neil Young 1973: The World Is a Ghetto
The World Is a Ghetto
– War 1974: Goodbye Yellow Brick Road
Goodbye Yellow Brick Road
– Elton John 1975: Greatest Hits – Elton John

1976–2000

1976: Frampton Comes Alive!
Frampton Comes Alive!
– Peter Frampton 1977: Rumours – Fleetwood Mac 1978: Saturday Night Fever – Soundtrack 1979: 52nd Street – Billy Joel 1980: The Wall
The Wall
– Pink Floyd 1981: Hi Infidelity
Hi Infidelity
– REO Speedwagon 1982: Asia – Asia 1983: Thriller – Michael Jackson 1984: Thriller – Michael Jackson 1985: Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
– Bruce Springsteen 1986: Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
– Whitney Houston 1987: Slippery When Wet
Slippery When Wet
– Bon Jovi 1988: Faith – George Michael 1989: Don't Be Cruel – Bobby Brown 1990: Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814
Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814
– Janet Jackson 1991: Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
– Mariah Carey 1992: Ropin' the Wind
Ropin' the Wind
– Garth Brooks 1993: The Bodyguard – Soundtrack 1994: The Sign – Ace of Base 1995: Cracked Rear View
Cracked Rear View
– Hootie & the Blowfish 1996: Jagged Little Pill
Jagged Little Pill
– Alanis Morissette 1997: Spice – Spice Girls 1998: Titanic: Music from the Motion Picture – James Horner 1999: Millennium – Backstreet Boys 2000: No Strings Attached – NSYNC

2001–present

2001: 1 – The Beatles 2002: The Eminem Show
The Eminem Show
– Eminem 2003: Get Rich or Die Tryin'
Get Rich or Die Tryin'
– 50 Cent 2004: Confessions – Usher 2005: The Massacre
The Massacre
– 50 Cent 2006: Some Hearts
Some Hearts
– Carrie Underwood 2007: Daughtry – Daughtry 2008: As I Am
As I Am
– Alicia Keys 2009: Fearless – Taylor Swift 2010: I Dreamed a Dream – Susan Boyle 2011: 21 – Adele 2012: 21 – Adele 2013: The 20/20 Experience
The 20/20 Experience
– Justin Timberlake 2014: Frozen – Soundtrack 2015: 1989 – Taylor Swift 2016: 25 – Adele 2017: Damn – Kendrick Lamar

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 144172265 LCCN: n93004995 ISNI: 0000 0001 0944 0393 GND: 5549525-4 BNF: cb13907396h (data) MusicBrainz: 3e6bbdb8-66c8-439c

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