Pangani is a town in northeast
Tanzania that lies 45 km south of
Tanga, at the mouth of the
Pangani River. It is the headquarters of
4 External links
Although archaeologists have found the remains of small 15th century
settlements on the bluffs just north of Pangani, the modern town came
to prominence in the nineteenth century, when, under nominal Zanzibari
rule, it was a major terminus of caravan routes to the deep interior.
From the 1860s onward townspeople established large plantations of
sugar and coconut in Mauya, along the banks of the river just west of
town. The plantations were worked by slave labor, and
became an important center of the slave trade, shipping captives taken
in the wars attendant on the collapse of the Shambaa kingdom in the
Usambara mountains to the plantations of Pemba and Zanzibar. After the
Sultan of Zanzibar signed treaties with Great Britain outlawing the
ocean-going trade in slaves in 1873,
Pangani became a center for
smuggling slaves across the narrow channel to Pemba, in evasion of
Pangani was the center of an armed movement to resist German
colonial conquest of the entire mainland Tanzanian coast. The local
leader of the resistance was Abushiri ibn Salim al-Harthi, a
Swahili-speaker born in Zanzibar who owned a small estate at the
suburb that now bears his name. Abushiri was instrumental in
coordinating resistance to German conquest along much of the coast.
The Germans hanged him at
Pangani in December 1889.
Several historical sites in and around the town serve as reminders of
the strong Arabic influence and the later German and British colonial
era in Tanganyika. The district boma or headquarters is the most
impressive building remaining from the period of Zanzibari rule.
The Mauya plantations no longer grow sugar, but produce much coconut
Pangani was once a secondary center of the sisal
industry, servicing sisal plantations to the north and south of town.
Pangani also has a fishing industry. In recent years beach resorts
north and south of the town have brought tourists. The town is a
district headquarters. Its hospital draws patients from many parts of
the region. Funguni Secondary School is in
Pangani Town and Boza
Secondary School is a short distance north.
R.M. Gramly, "Archaeological reconnaissance at
Pangani Bay," Tanzania
Notes and Records, 86/87 (1981), 17-28.
Jonathon Glassman, Feasts and Riot: Revelry, Rebellion, and Popular
Consciousness on the Swahili Coast, 1856-1888 (Portsmouth: Heinemann;
Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota; Nairobi: EAEP, 1995).
Media related to