A pandal (မဏ္ဍပ် or mandat in Burmese, from Tamil Tamil_loanwords_in_other_languages) is a fabricated structure, either temporary or permanent, that is used[where?] in a religious event that gathers people together, such as a wedding or festival.
In Hinduism, a pandal is a temporary structure set up to venerate the god Ganesha during Ganesh Chaturthi or the goddess Durga during Durga Puja, known as puja pandal.[clarification needed Are these all the uses or just two examples?]
In a ritual unique to Sri Lanka, Vesak thorana pandals are set up during the Vesak festival, with illuminated panels illustrated with episodes from the life of the Gautama Buddha and Jathaka Katha or stories based on Buddhist culture.
The fundamental concept of a Vesak Pandal is a creatively made, massive structure, decorated with a large number of lights and paintings mounted on a huge supporting structure. This supporting structure is traditionally built with Puwak Gasa (Arriconut trees). Creating the structure requires creativity, inventiveness and the high-level expertise of a number of artists and light-system electricians, not to mention funding and planning in advance. The goal is to create a very beautiful and colorful experience. Many different and dedicated groups of experts participating often pass down this work from generation to generation or master to student.
The most significant part of this display uses simple techniques in an intelligent way to create lighting on the front of the pandal. Most of the time this is a 2D structure.
A pandal can also be a ceremonial gate, built to welcome visitors.
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