Palghar pronunciation (help·info)) is a town in Konkan
Maharashtra state and a
Municipal Council located about 87
kilometres north off Mumbai.
Palghar lies on the Western Line of the
Mumbai Suburban Railway on the busy Mumbai-Ahmedabad rail corridor. It
is the administrative capital of the newly formed
The town is located around 35 kilometers north of
Virar and about 15
kilometres west of the Mumbai-Ahmedabad National Highway (NH 8) exit
at Manor, India.
As of 2011[update]
Palghar had a population of
68,930. Males numbered 36,523, i.e. 52.9% of the population, and
females 32,407, i.e. 47.1% of the population.
Palghar has an average
literacy rate of 77.52%, higher than the national average of 59.5%:
male literacy is 81.2%, and female literacy is 73.35%. In Palghar,
11.8% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The majority of population follows the Hindu religion with a sizable
portion of Jains, Buddhists and Muslims. There is also a small
Christian and Sikh community. Marathi is the most widely spoken
language with Varli, Vadvali and Vanjari dialects. Small communities
of Gujaratis and Muslims speak Gujarati and Urdu respectively.
Palghar is well connected via road and rail transport.
Palghar acts as
a divisional head of
Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation.
MSRTC provides direct connectivity to several towns across Maharashtra
including Miraj, Pune, Vaduj, Thane, Bhiwandi, Aurangabad, Ahmednagar,
Kalyan, Alibag, Nandurbar, Bhusaval, Shirdi, and Nashik.
Palghar is an important railway station on the Western Railway line of
Mumbai Suburban Railway. Along with shuttle/Memu/EMU (local
trains) services, many long distance trains also stop here.
On 1 August 2014,
Palghar became the 36th district of Maharashtra. Its
history is alternate with its old district Thane. From Palghar
district Jawhar, Vasai and
Palghar tehsils had a golden history
legacy. Vasai ( then known as Bassein ) was under the Portuguese
empire. After that Chimaji Aappa captured Vasai fort from the
Portuguese and embedded the
Maratha flag on Vasai.
Palghar was the one
of the important points in 1942 of the Chalejav campaign.
On 14 August 1942, there was an uprising in Palghar, in which
Kashinath Hari Pagdhare, Govind Ganesh Thakur, Ramchandra Bhimashankar
Tiwari, Ramchandra Mahadev Churi, and Sukur Govind More were martyrs.
The main circle of
Palghar is known as "Paachbatti" ( Meaning ' five
lights ' ) in honor of these martyrs. The Paachbatti is situated very
close to the
Palghar Railway Station, which also serves as the Palghar
14 August has been declared as
Warli (Adivasi), Katkari, Malhar Koli, Vanjari, Vadval are the
predominant castes in Palghar.
The Vanjaris have their roots in Chittodgad,
Rajasthan and its said
that they migrated for trade and to escape the Muslim invasions into
Rajputana via sea routes to Murbe and then spread all over Palghar
district. Their language is quite distinct from standard Marathi as it
has high influence of Rajasthani and Gujarati.
Vadwal is the most numerous community present in Palghar. They are
said to be the descendants of Yadava dynasty of Devagiri who escaped
from the Muslims and established themselves here. They form one of the
very few Marathi-speaking communities which belong to Kshatriya varna
but not the traditional 96-clan ( 96 - Kuli)
Warli Painting and famous Tarapa dance features contribution towards
art by the
Warli painting and art stretch back to a
Warli art is also appreciated in foreign countries. Warlis
represent the earliest settlers of the Land around the present times
and their culture has largely influenced the later cultures in and
around the area.
The Koli (fishermen) community of
Palghar is a reminder of the city's
links with the Arabian sea. Fisheries form a large part of trade and
Palghar and also takes up major role in cultural events. The
Kolis are further divided into subcastes such as Vaiti, Mangele, Bari,
The economy of
Palghar is largely primary and tertiary sector. The
Boisar as an industrial town meant reduced
industrialization of Palghar.
Palghar being the seat of Taluka, has
lots of government offices and people working there. Also the creation
Palghar district in 2014 magnified this. Agriculture, animal
husbandry, dairy and fisheries are practiced in abundance in the rural
areas around the city and fuel the economy of the city.
Due to cheaper property as compared to Boisar, many people commute
daily to the sister city since they're very well connected. It is also
seen to happen vice versa.
Palghar had also been a hub for wood smuggling in post independence
era, a practice which has been largely curbed by the Forest department
and police. Other than wood, the secluded beaches were known to
attract smugglers trying to offshore their goods and enter
road to avoid customs.
The town has a number of schools and colleges. A number of
construction projects have recently been started in the region. There
is tremendous scope to set up new schools and colleges for increasing
Sonopant Dandekar Arts, V.S. Apte Commerce & M.H. Mehta Science
St. John College of Engineering and Technology
St. John Institute of Pharmacy and Research
St. John Institute of Management and Research
St. John International school Palghar
Anand Ashram English High School Palghar
Sundaram Central School & Junior College [CBSE] Palghar
Kenam English High School Palghar
Holy Spirit English High School Palghar
Twinkle Star English High School Palghar
Aryan High School Plaghar
Jeevan Vikas High School Palghar
Bhagini Samaj High School
Sir JP international school [ICSE]
Aryan English high school
Surya valley School, sports and interactive learning English medium
school, 10 minutes from Plaghar Char Rasta
Yashwantrao Chafekar Jr.College of Art's, Commerece & Science
Sacred head English high school, palghar
Cricket is the most popular sport in Palghar. Local tournaments are
organized at various locations across the district.
Shardul Thakur is
a cricketer from
Palghar (Mahim) who plays for Indian Cricket team and
Chennai Super Kings
Chennai Super Kings in IPL and for
Mumbai in Ranji Trophy.
Aditya Tare is a cricketeer from
Palghar (Satpati village). He is
associated with IPL T20 matches. He is a wicket-keeper and a
right-hand batsman for Delhi Daredevils. Aditya is a well-known
batsman as well as a wicket keeper. He started his professional career
in 2008 when he got a chance to play for Mumbai’s domestic team. He
is still associated with the same team. In 2010, Aditya was selected
Mumbai Indians for IPL and he played for
Mumbai Indians till 2015
before Sunrisers Hyderabad bought him in 2016. In 2017, Aditya was
bought by Delhi Daredevils. He has an impressive record of his name
for most dismissals by a wicket keeper. He made this record in Ranji
Trophy when he dismissed 41 batsmen while wicket keeping. Aditya has
also been honored by the award of Best
Mumbai Ranji trophy Cricketer.
He was given this award in 2012. On numerous occasions, he also won
the award for Man of the Match due to his brilliant performance during
Shiv Sena Retains
Palghar Assembly Seat".
India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities,
villages and towns (Provisional)".
Census Commission of India.
Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
^ Sonopant Dandekar Arts, V.S. Apte Commerce & M.H. Mehta Science
^ St. John College of Engineering and Technology
^ St. John Institute of Pharmacy and Research Archived 21 August 2010
at the Wayback Machine.
^ St. John Institute of Management